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A.M. 5621— 18G1. 





1/. y 

Only an author who, like myself, has for twelve years been engaged 
on a similar work, can judge of the feelings with which I pen these lines, 
prefatory to the last and concluding volume of the " Jewish School and 
Family Bible." These feelings can be more easily conceived than 
described \ yet uppermost among them is that of profound gratitude to 
an all-bounteous Providence, which has permitted me to bring to a close, 
single-handed, a task which seemed to be great enough for a band of 
scholars, and that, too, amidst severe trials, much bodily suffering, and 
in a state of health which for years trembled in the balance between life 
and death. 

It will be easily conceded that a Biblical student cannot have 
earnestly searched Scripture in the original language for more than a 
decennium, without the occurrence of thought, the communication of 
which he deems useful, and without the making of discoveries, the 
record of which he considers profitable. If"I refrain from giving way to 
the strong desire of using this preface for its gratification, it is in 
obedience to the rule which has guided me throughout the whole work, 
not to allow the elaboration of any notes or comments to delay 
the execution of the version itself. This once completed, explanation, 
health permitting, might be superadded in a separate volume. But 
what the Jewish community principally required, was a translation of 
the Word of God, free from all un-Jewish preconception; and such I 
sincerely trust, will prove the version which I now confidently offer to 
my brethren. 



Psalm i. — O happiness of the man that walketh not in the counsel 
of wicked ones, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in 

2 the seat of scorners. But his deHght is in the law of the Eternal ; 

3 and in his law doth he meditate' all day and night. And he shall he 
like a tree planted by rills of water, that bringeth forth- its fruit in 
its season ; its leaf also shall not wither ; and whatsoever he doeth 

4 shall prosper. Not so the wicked : but are like the chaff which 

5 a wind driveth away. Therefore wicked ones shall not stand in 
the judgment, nor sinners in the congregation of righteous ones. 

6 For the Eternal knoweth the way of righteous ones : but the way 
of wicked ones shall perish. 

1 Psalm ii. — Wherefore do nations rage, and races utter a vain 

2 thing^ ? Kings of the earth place themselves, and distinguished 
men set themselves together against the Eternal, and against his 

3 anointed, saying, Let us break their bands asunder, and cast 

4 away their cords from us. He that sitteth in the heavens shall 

5 laugh : the Lord shall have them in derision. Then shall he speak 

6 unto them in his wrath, and terrify them in his fury. Yet have 

7 I anointed* my king over Zion, mountain of my holiness. I will 
tell of a statute : the Eternal hath said unto me, Thoii art my son ; 

8 this day have I brought thee forth. Demand from me, and I shall 
give thee nations for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of 

9 the earth for thy possession. Uhou shalt break them with a rod 

10 of iron ; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's'' vessel. Act 

11 wisely now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed ye judges of the 
earth. Serve the Eternal with fear, and rejoice with trembling. 

12 a pure one, lest he be angry, and ye wander y'rom the way, for 
his wrath easily ° burneth. O happiness of them that trust in him. 

1 Psalm hi. — A Psalm oF David when he fled from Absalom his 

2 son. — Eternal, how numerous are my adversaries ! many are they 

3 that rise against me. Many say of my soul. There is no salvation 

' utter. * giveth. ■^ emptiness. * j)oured out oil. ^ fashioner. '' as a little. ' unto. 


4 for him in God. But thou, O Eternal, art a shield for me ; my 

5 glory, and the lifter up of my head. I called unto the Eternal 
with my voice, and he answered me from the mountain of his holi- 

6 ness. Selah. I laid me down and slept : I awoke, for the Eternal 

7 sustained me. I will not be afraid of myriads of people, that have set 

8 themselves against me round about. Arise O Eternal ; save me, O 
my God ; for thou hast smitten all mine enemies upon the cheek 

9 bone ; thou hast broken in pieces the teeth of wicked ones. The 
salvation belongeth unto the Eternal : thy blessing be upon thy 
people. Selah. 

1 Psalm iv. — To the Director of Stringed Instruments, a Psalm of* 

2 David. — Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness: 
thou hast enlarged me when I was in the distress ; be gracious unto 

3 me, and hear my prayer. O ye sons of men, how long^ shall he my 
glory as a confusion ? how long will ye love emptiness, and seek after 

4 falsehood ? Selah. But know that the Eternal hath distinguished 
for himself him that is pious : the Eternal will hear when I call 

5 unto him. Be agitated, and sin not : commune^ with your own 

6 heart upon your couch, and be still. Selah. Sacrifice sacritices 

7 of righteousness, and put your trust in the Eternal. Many say. 
Who will show us any good? lift up the light of thy countenance 

8 upon us, O Eternal. Thou hast put* gladness in my heart from 

9 the time that their corn and their must increased. I will both lay 
me down in peace and sleep : for thou, Eternal, only^ makest me 
dwell in safety. 

1 2 Psalm v. — To the Director of the Flutes, a Psalm of ^ David. 

3 Give ear to my sayings, O Eternal, consider my ardent desire. At- 
tend unto the voice of my cry for help, my King, and my God, when 

4 unto thee I pray. My voice shalt thou hear in the morning, O Eter- 
nal ; in the morning will I set myself in array for thee, and will 

.5 look up. For thou art not a God that hath pleasure in wicked- 

6 ness : evil cannot abide with thee. Boasters shall not place them- 

7 selves before thine eyes : thou hatest all workers of iniquity. Thou 
shalt destroy them that speak falsehood : the Eternal will abhor a 

8 sanguinary and deceitful man.^ But as for me, 1 will come into thy 
house in the multitude of thy mercy : and in thy fear will I prostrate 

9 myself towards thy holy temple'. Lead me, O Eternal, in thy 
righteousness, because of mine adversaries ; make thy way straight 

10 before my face. For there is no faithfulness* in their mouth : their 
inward part is very wickedness ; their throat is an open sepulchre ; 

11 they smoothen their tongue. Declare them guilty, O God; let 
them fall by their own counsels ; cast them out in the multitude of 

12 their transgressions ; for they have rebelled against thee. But let 
all those that put their trust in thee rejoice : let them ever shout for 
joy, because thou defendest them : let them also that love thy name 

13 exult in thee. For thou, Eternal, wilt bless the righteous ; with 
favour wilt thou compass him as with a buckler. 

unto. ^ until what. 3 ggy. 4 given. '^ solitary. ^ man of blood and deceit. 

"> palace. * stability. 

Psalm VI., VII., VIII. 

1 Psalm vi. — To the Director of Stringedlnstruments over the Eighth, 

2 a Psalm unto David. — O Eternal, reprove me not in thy wrath, 

3 neither chasten me in thy fury. Be gracious unto me, O Eternal, 

4 for I languish : O Eternal heal me, for my bones are vexed.^ My soul 

5 is also sore vexed^ : but thou, O Eternal, how long ? Return, O 
Eternal, deliver my soul : oh, save me for thy mercy's sake. 

6 For in the death there is no remembrance of thee : in the grave 

7 who shall give thee thanks ? I am weary with my groaning ; all 
night make I my bed to swim ; I water^ my bedstead with my tears. 

8 Mine eye falleth away because of grief; it waxeth stiff among all my 

9 adversaiies. Depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity; for the 

10 Eternal hath heard the voice of my weeping. The Eternal hath 

11 heard my supplication ; the Eternal will receive* my prayer. All 
mine enemies will be ashamed and greatly amazed : they will return 
and be ashamed in a moment. 

1 Psalm vii. — Shiggaion unto David, which he sang to the Eternal, 

2 concerning the words of Cush, a Benjamite. — O Eternal my God, in 

3 thee have I trusted : save me from all ray pursuers, and deliver me 

4 Lest he tear my soul like a lion crushing, and there is none to deliver. 
O Eternal my God, if I have done this, if there be unrighteousness in 

5 my hands ; If I have rewarded evil unto him that was at peace 
with me ; and set free my adversary empty handed : Let an enemy 

6 pursue my soul, and take it ; yea let him tread down my life upon 

7 the earth, and lay* mine honour in the dust. Selah. Arise, O 
Eternal in thy wrath, lift up thyself in rage against mine adver- 
saries : and awake for me to the judgment that thou hast commanded. 

8 So shall an assembly of races compass thee about : and over it 

9 return thou on high. The Eternal pronounces judgment on peoples : 
judge me, O Eternal, according to my righteousness, and according 

10 to mine integrity requite me. Oh, let the wickedness of wicked 
ones come to an end; but establish him that is righteous: foraright- 

1 1 eous God trieth hearts and reins. My shield is with God, who saveth 

12 the upright in heart. God judgeth him that is righteous, and God 

13 is indignant every day. If he return not he will whet his sword; he 

14 hath bent his bow and made it ready'^. He hath also prepared 
for him instruments^ of death ; he worketh his arrows for hot 

15 pursuers. Behold, he conceiveth unrighteousness, and is pregnant 

16 with trouble, and bringeth forth a lie. He digged a pit, and hollowed 

17 it, and is fallen into a ditch tiMcJi he made. His trouble shall 
return upon his own head, and his violence shall come down upon 

18 his own pate. I will thank the Eternal according to his righteous- 
ness ; and will sing praise to the name of the Eternal most high. 

1 2 Psalm viii. — To the Director upon the Gittith, a Psalm unto 
David. — O Eternal our Lord, how mighty is thy name in all the 

3 earth ! who hast set'' thy glory over the heavens. Out of the mouth 
of babes and sucklings hast thou founded strength in reply to thine 

' amazL'il. • cause to melt. ^ take, ■• cause to dwell. ' established. " vessels. 

'• given. 


adversaries, that thou mightest still an enemy and a self-avenger. 

4 When I see thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, moon and stars 

5 which thou hast established : What is man, that thou rememberest 

6 him ? and the son of Adam, that thou bearest him in mind ? And 
madest him but little inferior to a God-like being, and crownedst 

7 him with honour and glory. Thou madest him to have dominion over 
the works of thy hands ; thou hast set all things under his feet : 

8 9 Flocks and herds: yea and beasts of the field; The fowl of 
the heaven, and the fish of the sea, and whatsoever passeth through 

10 the paths of seas. O Eternal our Lord, how mighty is thy name 
in all the earth. 

1 Psalm ix. — To the Director of Muth-labben, a Psalm unto David. — 

2 I will acknowledge the Eternal with my whole heart ; I will relate 

3 all thy marvellous works. I will be glad and exult in thee : I will 

4 sing praise to thy name, O thou most High. When mine enemies 

5 are turned back they shall stumble and perish at thy presence. For 
thou hast maintained^ my right^ and my cause^ ; thou satest in 

6 the throne. Judge of Righteousness. Thou hast rebuked nations, 
thou hast destroyed a wicked one, thou hast blotted out their name 

7 for ever and ever. O enemy, the ruins are completely vanished, 
and cities thou destroyedst — their memorial is totally perished. 

8 But the Eternal shall endure* for ever : he hath prepared his throne 

9 for the judgment. And he shall judge a world in righteousness, 

10 he shall pronounce judgment on races in uprightness. The Eternal 
also will be a fortress for the crushed, a fortress in vicissitudes, in the 

1 1 trouble. And they that know thy name will trust in thee : for thou, 

12 Eternal, hast not forsaken them that inquire after thee. Sing praises 
to the Eternal dwelling in Zion : declare among the peoples his 

13 doings. For the avenger'^ of blood remembereth them : he for- 

14 getteth not the cry of humble ones. Be gracious unto me, O Eter- 
nal : see my poverty by reason of my haters, thou that liftest 

15 me up from the gates of death : That I may relate all thy praise 
in the gates of the daughter of Zion, rejoice in thy salvation. 

16 Nations are sunk down in the pit that they made: in a net which 

17 they hid is their own foot caught. The Eternal is known hij 
a judgment which he executed^ : a wicked one is snared in the 

18 work of his own hands. Higgaion. Selah. Wicked ones shall return 

19 unto the grave, and all nations that forget God. For the needy shall 
not always be forgotten : nor the hope of the poor perish for ever. 

20 Arise, O Eternal; let not man bid defiance : let nations be judged 

21 before thy face. Send'^, O Eternal, dread upon them : that nations 
may know themselves to he hut men. Selah. 

1 Psalm x. — Wherefore standest thou afar off", O Eternal ? hidest thou 

2 thyself in vicissitudes in the trouble ? The wicked in his pride doth 
hotly pursue tfte poor : let them be caught in the devices that they 

3 have imagined^. For the wicked boasteth of his heart's lust, and 

4 the avaricious blesseth himself that he rejecteth the Eternal. The 

1 done. ^ judgment. ^ pi^g^ i gjf^ s inquirer. ' did. ' set. * thought. 


5 wicked according to his haughtiness^ does not inquire. There 
is no God, are all his thoughts-. His ways are always prosperous]] ; 

6 thy judgments are far above out of his sight** : as for all his adver- 
saries, he puffeth at them. He hath said in his heart, I shall not 
totter, for I shall not he in adversity from generation to generation. 

7 His mouth is full of execration, and subtlety, and violence]] : under 

8 his tongue is trouble and iniquity. He sitteth in the lurking places 
of the inclosures : in the secret places doth he slay the innocent : 

9 his eyes are privily set against the unfortunate]]. He lieth in wait 
as a lion in his den* : he lieth in wait to snatch the poor : he doth 

10 snatch the poor, when he draweth them into his net. He is crouched, 

11 he is low, and the unfortunate fall in his strong ones. He hath 
said in his heart, God hath forgotten : he hath hidden his face ; 

12 he will never see it. Arise, O Lord ; O Eternal, lift up thy hand : 

13 forget not humble ones. Wherefore doth the wicked reject God \ he 

14 hath said in his heart, Thou wilt not inquire. But thou hast seen 
it ; for thou beholdest trouble and provocation, to requite'^ it with 
thy hand : the unfortunate]] committeth himself unto thee; thou art 

15 the helper of the fatherless. Break thou the arm of ^Ae wicked, and 

16 as to the evil man, seek out^ his wickedness till you find none. The 
Eternal is king for ever and ever : the heathen' are perished out of 

17 his land. Eternal, thou hast heard the desire of humble ones : thou 

18 wilt prepare their heart, thou wilt cause thine ear to attend : To 
judge the fatherless and the crushed, that frail man of the earth 
may no more tyrannise. 

1 2 Psalm xi. — To the Director, unto David. — In the Eternal put 
I my trust : how say ye to my soul. Flee as a bird to your mountain ? 

3 For, lo, the wicked bend their bow, they make ready their arrow 
upon a string, that they may in thick darkness shoot at the upright 

4 in heart. If the foundation pillars be pulled down what can the 

5 righteous effect ? The Eternal is in the palace of his holiness, the 
Eternal his throne* is in heaven, yet his eyes behold, his eyelids try, 

6 the children of men. The Eternal trieth the righteous : but the 

7 wicked and lover of violence his soul hateth. Upon wicked ones 
he shall rain snares, fire and brimstone, and a burning wind : this 

8 shall he the portion of their cup. For the Eternal is righteous, loving 
righteousness : his face doth behold the upright. 

1 Psalm xii. — -To the Director of the Eighth, a Psalm unto David. — 

2 Save, O Eternal, for it is all over with the pious; for faithful ones 

3 fail]] from among the children of men. They speak vanity^ every 
one with his fellow : with smooth lips and with a double heart^^ do 

4 they speak. The Eternal shall cut off all smooth lips, and the 

5 tongue that speaketh proud^^ things : Who have said. With our 
tongue will we prevail ; our lips are with us : who is lord over us ? 

6 For the oppression^- of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now 
will I arise, saith the Eternal ; I will set him in salvation at whom 

1 height of his nose. ^ devices. ^ from opposite him. * booth. ^ give. " inquire, 
' nations. " chair. '^ nothingness. ^'^ with heart and heart. ** great. '^ robbery. 


7 he pufFeth. The sayings of the Eternal are pure sayings : silver 

8 refined in a furnace from earth, purified seven fold. Thou shalt keep 
them, O Eternal, thou shalt preserve them from this generation for 

9 ever. Wicked ones walk about on every side : vileness is prepared 
for the sons of man, as though it were exaltation. 

1 Psalm xiii. — To the Director, a Psalm unto David. — Until when 
wilt thou forget me, O Eternal, altogether^ ? until when wilt thou 

2 hide thy face from me ? Until when shall I take^ counsel in my 
soul, having sorrow in my heart all day ? until when shall mine enemy 

3 be exalted over me ? Look and answer me, O Eternal my God : 

4 enlighten mine eyes, lest I sleep the sleep of death ; Lest mine enemy 
say, I have prevailed against him ; and mine adversaries exult when 

5 I totter. But I have trusted in thy mercy; my heart shall rejoice 

6 in thy salvation. I will sing unto the Eternal, because he hath 
requited me. 

1 Psalm xiv. — To the Director, a Psalm unto David. — A base one 
sayeth in his heart, TJiere is no God. They are corrupt, they have done 

2 abominable works, there is none that doeth good. The Eternal glanced 
down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were 

3 any that did understand, inquiring after God. They have all departed, 
they have all together become corrupt : there is none that doeth good, 

4 no, not one. Do all the workers of iniquity not know this? they that 
eat up my people as they eat bread, and call not upon the Eternal. 

5 There were*^ they in great dread : for God is in the generation of the 

6 righteous. Ye may put to shame the counsel of the poor, yet the 
8 Eternal is his trust. Oh, that the salvation of Israel were come out 

of Zion* ! when the Eternal bringeth back the captivity of his people, 
Jacob shall exult, and Israel rejoice. 

1 Psalm xv. — A Psalm unto David. — Eternal, who shall sojourn in thy 

2 tent ? who shall dwell in the mountain of thy holiness i He that 
walketh uprightly and worketh righteousness, and speaketh truth 

3 in his heart. He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil 

4 to his fellow, nor taketh up^ a reproach against his neighbour. In 
whose eyes a despicable person is contemned ; but honoureth them 
that fear the Eternal. He that sweareth to the wicked, and changeth 

5 not. He that putteth^ not out his money to interest, nor taketh 
bribery against the innocent. He that doeth these things shall never 

1 PsALM XVI. — Michtam unto David. — Preserve' me, O God : for in 

2 thee do I trust. O my soul, thou hast said unto the Eternal, Thou 

3 art Lord : my happiness^, nothing is above thee. As to the saints 
that are in the earth, and to the excellent, in them is all my delight. 

4 Their sorrows shall be multiplied that hasten after another ^oc? ; 
their libations will I not pour out on account of blood, nor take up their 

5 names on my lips. The Eternal is the portion of mine inheritance^ 

6 and of my cup : thou boldest up my lot. The lines^o are fallen unto me 

' for ever ^ set. 3 they dreaded a dread. * who will give from Zion Israel's salvation. 
* beareth, ^ giveth. ' keep, " goodness. ' part. ^^ cords. 


7 in pleasant places ; yea, my heritage pleases me. I will bless the 
Eternal, who hath given me counsel : my reins also instruct' me in 

8 the night seasons. I have set the Eternal always before me: because 

9 he is always at my right hand, I shall not totter. Therefore my 
heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth : my flesh also shall dwell 

10 in safety. For thou wilt not leave my soul to the grave ; neither wilt 
thou suffer^ thy pious to see the pit. Thou wilt make known to me 
the path of life : in thy face is fulness of joys ; in thy right hand 
there are pleasures for evermore. 

1 Psalm xvh. — A Prayer of^ David, Hear the right, O Eternal, 
attend unto my cry, give ear unto my prayer, offered not with lips 

2 of subtlety. Let my judgment come forth from thy presence*; let 

3 thine eyes behold the things that are straight. Thou hast proved my 
heart; thou hast visited me in the night; thou hast tried^ me, and 
shalt find nothing ; what I imagined did not even pass my mouth. 

4 As to the results obtained by men, they are according to the word 

5 of thy lips, even if I had observed the ways'* of the lawless. Hold 

6 up my goings within thy compass, that my footsteps slip not. I have 
called upon thee, for thou wilt answer me, O God: incline thine ear 

7 unto me, and hear my saying. Signalise thy marvellous loving 
kindness, O thou that savest from adversaries by thy right hand them 

8 who trust in thee. Keep me as the pupil of the eye, screen me 

9 under the shadowof thy wings. From the wicked that despoil me,f)'om 

10 mine enemies, who eagerly'^ compass me about. They become ob- 

11 durate* in their fat: with their mouth they speak proudly. They 
have now compassed us in our steps : they have set their eyes bowing 

12 down^ to the earth ; Like'*^ as a lion that is greedy of his prey, and 

13 as it were a young lion lurking' ' in secret places. Arise, O Eternal, 
anticipate him, throw him on his knees : free my soul from the wicked, 

14 thy sword : From people, thy hand, O Eternal, from people of tran- 
sitoriness, who have their portion in this life, and whose belly thou 
fillest with thy hid treasure : and their children are satisfied, and they 

1.5 leave the rest of their substance to their babes. As for me, I will 
behold thy face in righteousness : I shall be satisfied when I awake, 
with thy likeness^^. 

1 Psalm xvin. — To the Director, to the Servant of the Eternal, to 
David, who spake unto the Eternal the words of this song in the day 
that the Eternal delivered tum from the hand of all his enemies, 

2 and from the hand of Saul : and he said, I will ardently love thee, 

3 O Eternal, my strength. The Eternal is my rock and my hold, 
and my rescuer ; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust ; my 

4 shield, and the horn of my salvation, and my fortress. Praised, 
I will call, is the Eternal, and 1 shall be saved from mine enemies. 

5 The cords of death hemmed me in, and the brooks of perdition 
affrighted me. The cords of the grave compassed me about : the 

6 snares of death anticipated me. In my distress I called upon the 
Eternal, and called unto my God : he heard my voice out of his 

* chastise, ^ gj^g, 2 (q 4 f^j-e * refined. ^ paths. '' vdth soul. ^ they 

close their fat. "inclining. ''' his likeness. i' sitting. 12 gimiiituJe. 



temple, and my cry for help came before him, even into his ears 

7 Then the earth shook and quaked; the foundations also of the 
mountains were agitated and shaken, because he glowed in his wrath . 

8 There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth 

9 devoured : live coals were consuming thereout. He inclined the 
heavens also, and came down : and thick darkness was under his feet. 

10 And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly : yea, he soared upon the 

11 wings of the wind. Hemade^ darkness his secret place : his pavilion 
round about him were darkness of waters and thick clouds of the 

12 skies. From the brightness before him his thick clouds passed, 

13 hail stones and live coals of fire. The Eternal also thundered in 
the heavens, and the Most High gave his voice ; hail stoyres and 

14 live coals of fire. Yea, he sent out his arrows, and scattered them ; 

15 and he shot out lightnings and confounded them. Then the sources 
of waters were seen, and the foundations of the world were dis- 
covered at thy rebuke, O Eternal, at the breath of the wind of thy 

16 nostrils. He sent from above, he took me, he drew me out of 

17 many waters. He delivered me from my powerful enemy, and from 

18 my haters : for they were too strong^ for me. They anticipated me 

19 in the day of my calamity : but the Eternal was my stay. He brought 
me forth also into a large place ; he set me free, because he delighted 

20 in me. The Eternal requited me according to my righteousness; 
according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed^ me. 

21 For I have kept the ways of the Eternal, and have not wickedly 

22 departed from my God. For all his judgments were before me, and 

23 I did not put away his ordinances from me. I was also perfectly v;ith 

24 him, and I kept myself from mine iniquity. Therefore hath the 
Eternal recompensed^ me according to my righteousness, according 

25 to the cleanness of my hands in his eyes. With the merciful thou 
wilt shew thyself merciful ; with an upright* man thou wilt shew 

26 thyself upright* ; With the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure ; and 

27 with the perverse thou wilt deal intricately. For thou wilt save a 

28 poor people ; but wilt lower high looks.^ For thou wilt light my 

29 lamp: the Eternal my God will enlighten my darkness. For by 
thee I run through a troop : and by my God I leap over a wall. 

30 As for God, his way is perfect; the saying of the Lord is refined: 

31 he is a shield to all those that trust in him. For who is God save the 

32 Eternal ? or who is a rock^ save our God ? It is God that girdeth 

33 me with force, and maketh" my v/ky perfect. He maketh my feet 

34 equal to those of hinds, and setteth* me upon my high places. He 
teacheth my hands to war, so that a bow of copper is broken by 

35 mine arms. Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation : and 
thy right hand has holden me up, and thy gentleness hath made me 

36 great. Thou hast enlarged my paces under me, that my ancles 

37 did not slip. I have pursued mine enemies, and overtaken them : 

38 neither did I turn again till I had consumed them. I have shattered 
them that they were not able to rise : they are fallen under my feet. 

39 For thou hast girded me with force unto the war : thou hast thrown 

1 set. 2 firm. ' restored. * perfect. ^ gygg^ 6 ^rag. ^ giveth. * caiisctli 

me to stand. 


40 my opponents on their knees. Thou hast also turned to me the back^ 

41 of mine enemies, my haters, that I might annihilate them. They 
cried for help, but there wa-'s no saviour: even unto the Eternal, but 

42 he answered them not. Then did I beat them small as the dust 

43 before the wind : I did cast them out as street mire. Thou hast freed 
me from the quarrels of a people ; and thou hast made^ me a head 

44 of nations : a people lohom I have not known shall serve me. As 
soon as they hear of me, they shall obey me : at the mere report^ sons 

45 of strangers shall dissemble* unto me. Sons of strangers shall fade 

46 away, and be afraid of their close places. The Eternal livefh ; and 
blessed he my rock;^ and let the God of my salvation be exalted. 

47 // is God that giveth me vengeance, and submitteth the people under 

48 me. He freeth me from mine enemies ; yea, thou liftest me up above 

49 my opponents : thou hast delivered me from the violent man. There- 
fore will I give thanks unto thee, O Eternal, among the nations, and 

50 hymn unto thy name. Great salvation giveth he to his king ; and 
sheweth^ mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his seed for ever. 

1 Psalm xix. — To the Dn'ector, A Psalm unto David. — The heavens 
relate the glory of God ; and the expanse, his handy work, telleth of 

2 it. Day by day it uttereth speech, and night by night discourseth 

3 knowledge. It is not a speech or words, the voice of which might 

4 have been heard. Yet their line is gone out through all the earth, 
and their words to the extremity of the world, to the sun who hath 

5 set his tabernacle in them. And he like a bridegroom coming out of 

6 his bridal chamber, rejoiceth like a hero to run a race. His going 
forth is from the extremity of the heaven, and his circuit unto the 
extremities of it : and there is nothing screened from the heat thereof. 

7 The law of the Eternal is perfect, restoring the soul : the testimony 

8 of the Eternal is sure''', making wise the simple. The charges of the 
Eternal are straight, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the 

9 Eternal is pure, giving Ught to the eyes. The fear of the Eternal is 
clean, enduring^ for ever : the judgments of the Eternal ate true 

10 and righteous altogether. More to be desired are they than gold, 
yea, than much fine gold : sweeter also than honey and honeycomb. 

11 Thy servant, too, is enlightened by them : and in keeping of them 

12 there is great reward.^ Errors who does perceive!' Clear me from 

13 hidden .s^ns. Keep back thy servant also from Z^e presumptuous ; 
let them not have dominion over me : then shall I be blameless, 

14 and I shall clear myself from much transgression. Let the words of 
my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable before 
thee, O Eternal, my strength,'' and my redeemer. 

1 Psalm xx. — To the director, A Psalm unto David. — The Eternal 
answer thee in the day of trouble ; the name of the God of Jacob 

2 set thee on high ; Send thee help from the sanctuary, and sustain 

3 thee out of Zion ; Remember all the oblations, and accept thy burnt 

4 sacrifice ; Selah. Grant thee according to thine own heart, and 

5 fulfil all thy counsel. We will shout in thy salvation, and in the name 
of our God we will set up our banners : the Eternal fulfil all thy 

■ given the nap of the neck. - \m\.. ^ the hearing of the ear. * deny. * crag. 
^ doeth. "^ faithful. " standing. ^ heel. 


G petitions. Now know I that the Eternal saveth his anointed ; he 
will answer him from the heavens of his holiness with the might of the 

7 salvation of his right hand. These with chariots, and those with horses: 

8 but we will remember the name of the Eternal our God. They sink 

9 on their knees and fall : but we are risen, and stand upright. Save, 
Eternal, let the king answer us on the day of our calling. 

1 Psalm xxi. — To the director, A Psalm unto David. — The king 
shall joy in thy strength, O Eternal ; and in thy salvation how greatly 

2 shall he rejoice ! Thou hast given him his heart's desire, and hast 

3 not withholden the request of his lips. Selah. For thou antici- 
patedst him with the blessings of goodness : thou settest a crown 

4 of pure gold on his head. He asked life of thee, and thou gavest it 

5 him, even length of days for ever and ever. His glory is great in thy 

6 salvation : honour and majesty hast thou laid upon him. For thou 
hast made' him most blessed- for ever : thou hast delighted him 

7 with rejoicing from thy countenance. For the king trusteth in the 
Eternal, and through the mercy of the most High he shall not totter. 

8 Thy hand shall find out all thine enemies : thy right hand shall find 

9 out those that hate thee. Thou shalt make^ them as a fiery oven 
in the time of thine anger* : the Eternal shall swallow them up in 

10 his wrath, and the fire shall devour^ them. Their fruit shalt thou 
destroy from the earth, and their seed from among the children of 

11 men. For they intended" evil against thee; they imagined''' a mischie- 

12 vous device, tvhich they are not able to perform. Therefore shalt 
thou make them turn their back,^ when thou shalt make ready thine 

13 arrows upon thy strings against the face of them. Be thou exalted. 
Lord, in thine own strength : so will we sing and hymn thy might. 

1 Psalm xxii. — To the director upon "hind of the dawn," A Psalm unto 
David. — My God, my God, Avherefore hast thou forsaken me ? art 

2 far from my salvation, yro?w the words of my roaring ? O my God, 
I call by day, but thou answerest not ; and in the night, without my 

3 keeping silence. But thou art holy, thou that dwellest among 

4 the praises of Israel. Our fathers trusted in thee : they trusted, and 

5 thou didst rescue them. They cried unto thee, and escaped : they 

6 trusted in thee, and were not confounded. But I am a worm, and 
no man ; a reproach of men, and scorned by the joeople. All they 

7 that see me laugh me to scorn : they distort the lip, they nod the 

8 head, saying, Trust^ on the Eternal, let him rescue him : let him 

9 deliver him, seeing he delighted in him. But thou art he that 
drewest me out of the belly : thou gavest me safety upon my 

10 mother's breasts. I was cast upon thee from the womb, thou art my 

1 1 God from my mother's belly. Be not far from me ; for trouble is 

12 near ; for there is none to help. Many bulls have compassed me : 

13 strong bulls of Bashan have beset me round. They gaped upon me 

14 with the mouths, as a tearing and roaring lion. I am poured out 
like water, and all my bones are out of joint : my heart is like wax; 

15 it is melted in the midst of my bowels. My strength is dried up 
like the potsherd ; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws ; and thou 

* set. ' blessings. ^ set. ^ face. * eat. ^ inclined*- " tliought. * shoulder. 

" roll. 


16 hast brought^ me into the dust of death. For dogs have compassed 
me : an assembly of wicked ones beset me round, Uke the Hon, my hands 

17 and my feet. I may telP all my bones ; behold they look and stare' 

18 upon me. They divide my garments among them, and cast lots upon 

19 my vesture. But be not thou far from me, O Eternal : O my strength, 

20 haste thee to help me. Deliver my soul from the sword ; my only 

21 one from the power* of a dog. Save me from a lion's mouth : for 

22 thou hast answered me from the horns of buffaloes. I will declare^ 
thy name unto my brethren : in the midst of a congregation will I 

23 praise thee. Ye that fear the Eternal, praise him ; all ye the seed 
of Jacob, honour him ; and stand in awe of him, all ye the seed of 

24 Israel. For he hath not despised nor abhorred the ejaculation of 
the poor ; neither has he screened his face from him ; but when he 

25 cried unto him for help, he heard. My praise shall be of thee in 
a numerous congregation : I will pay my vows before them that 

26 fear him. The meek shall eat and be satisfied : they shall praise 
the Eternal that inquire after him ; your heart shall live for ever. 

27 AH the uttermost ends of the world shall remember and return unto 
the Eternal : and all the families of nations shall prostrate themselves 

28 before thee. For unto the Eternal belongs the srovernment : and 

29 he is ruler among the nations. They that eat all the fat of the earth 
prostrate themselves, before him kneel down all that sink into the 

30 dust, and also he who cannot keep his soul alive. A seed shall serve 

31 him; the Lord is proclaimed to the latest generation. They shall 
come, and shall tell his righteousness unto a people that shall be born, 
that he hath done this. 

1 Psalm xxiii. — A Psalm unto David. — The Eternal i5 my shepherd ; 

2 I shall not want. He maketh me to crouch in rich pastures : he leadeth 

3 me beside still waters. He restoreth my soul : he guideth me 

4 in the paths'" of righteousness for his name's sake. Yea, though 
I walk through the glen of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil : 

.5 for thou art with me ; thy staff and thy prop they comfort me. Thou 
settest a table in order before me, opposite my adversaries : thou 

6 makest my head fat with oil ; my cup runneth over. Surely 
goodness and mercy shall follow" me all the days of my life : and I 
will abide in the house of the Eternal for a length of days. 

1 Psalm xxiv. — Unto David, a Psalm. — Unto the Eternal is the 
earth, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell there- 

2 in. For he hath founded it upon seas, and established it upon 

3 rivers. Who shall go up the mountain of the I^^ternal ? or who shall 

4 rise in the place of his holiness ? He that is of clean hands and pure 
heart ; who has not lifted up his soul unto the vanity, nor sworn to 

5 deceit. He shall receive^ blessing from the Eternal, and righteous- 

6 ness from.tlic God of his salvation. This is the generation of his 

7 inquirers, that seek thy face, O Jacob. Selah. Lift up your heads, 

1 set. ^ relate. ' see. ■• hand. ' relate. ^ compass. ' pursue, 

8 bear 


O ye gates ; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors ;^ and the King 

8 of glory shall come in. Who is this King of glory ? The Eternal 

9 mighty and a hero, the Eternal a hero of war. Lift up your heads ; 
O ye gates ; even lift them up, ye everlasting doors •/ and the King of 

10 glory shall come in. Who is this King of glory ? The Eternal of 
hosts, he is the King of glory. Selah. 

1 Psalm xxv.— Unto David.— Unto thee, O Eternal, do I lift up 

2 my soul. O my God, 1 trust in thee : let me not be ashamed, let not 

3 mine enemies exult over me. Yea, let none that hope in thee be 
ashamed : let them be ashamed who are treacherous without cause.^ 

4 Make known to me thy ways, O Eternal ; teach me thy paths. 

5 Lead me in thy truth, and teach me : for thou art the God of my 

6 salvation ; in thee do I hope all the day. Remember, O Eternal, 
thy tender mercies and thy lovingkindnesses ; for they are from ever. 

7 Remember not the sins of my youth, nor my transgressions : accord- 
ing to thy mercy remember thou me for thy goodness sake, O Eternal. 

8 Good and upright is the Eternal : therefore will he teach sinners in 

9 the way. The meek will he guide in the judgment : and the meek 

10 will he teach his way. All the paths of the Eternal are mercy and 

1 1 truth unto such as keep his covenant and his testimonies. For thy 

12 name's sake, O Eternal, pardon mine iniquity ; for it is great.^ TVho 
is the man, that feareth the Eternal ? him shall he teach in the way 

13 that he shall choose. His soul shall dwell at ease ;* and his seed 

14 shall inherit the land. The secret deliberation of the Eternal is for 
them that fear him, and to make known unto them his covenant. 

15 Mine eyes are ever towards the Eternal ; for he shall pluck my feet 

16 out of the net. Turn thee unto me, and be gracious unto me ; for 

17 1 am desolate and afflicted.^ The troubles ot my heart are enlarged : 

18 bring thou me out of my distresses. See mine affliction^ and my 

19 pain; and bear with all my sins. See mine enemies; for they are 

20 many ; and they hate me with cruel hatred.'^ O keep my soul, and 

21 deliver me : let me not be ashamed ; for I trust in thee. Let integrity 

22 and uprightness preserve me; for I hope in thee. Release Israel, 

God, out of all his troubles. 

1 Psalm xxvi. — A Psalm unto David.— Judge me, O Eternal ; for 

1 have walked in my simplicity : I have trusted also in the Eternal ; 

2 therefore I shall not slide. Examine me, O Lord, and try me ; refine 

3 my reins and my heart. For thy mercy is before mine eyes : and 

4 I have walked in thy truth. I have not sat with vain persons, 

5 neither will I go in with dissemblers. I have hated the congregation 

6 of evil doers ; and will not sit with the wicked. I will wash® my 

7 hands in innocence : so will I compass thine altar, O Eternal. That 

1 entrances. * empty. ^ numerous. * lodge over night in goodness. 
6 poverty. ' hatred of violence, * lave. 



I may proclaim with the voice of thanksgiving, and declare all 

8 thy wondrous works. Eternal, I have loved the residence of thy 

9 house, and the place where thine honour dwelleth. Gather not my 

10 soul with sinners, nor my life with bloody men: In whose hands is 

11 mischief,^ and their right hand is full of bribes. But as for me, I 

12 will walk in my simplicity : release me, and be gracious unto me. 
My foot standeth in an even place : in choirs will I bless the 

1 Psalm xxvii. — Unto David. — The Eternal is my light and my 
salvation ; whom shall I fear ? the Eternal is the place of the 

2 strength of my life ; whom shall I dread ? When the wicked, even 
my adversaries and enemies, came upon me, to eat up my flesh, 

3 they stumbled and fell. Though a camp should encamp against me, 
my heart shall not fear : though war should rise against me, even in 

4 this will [ be trustful. One thhif/ have I asked of the Eternal, that 
will I seek after ; that I may abide in the house of the Eternal all the 
days of my life, to behold the pleasantness of the Eternal, and to 

5 enquire- in his temple. For in the time of evil he shall conceal me 
in his pavilion :^ in the secret of his tent shall he screen me ; he shall 

6 set me up upon a rock.* And now shall my head rise high above 
mine enemies round about me : therefore will I sacrifice in his tent 
sacrifices of joy j'^ I will sing, yea, I will hymn unto the Eternal. 

7 Hear, O Eternal, ivhen 1 cry with my voice : be gracious unto me, 

8 and answer me. Concerning thee, my heart says, Seek ye my face ; 

9 Thy face, Eternal, will I seek. Screen not thy face far from me ; 
put'^ not thy servant away in wrath ; thou hast been my help ; leave 

10 me not, neither forsake me, O God of my salvation. When my father 

11 and my mother forsake me, then the Eternal will take me up. Teach 
me thy way, O Eternal, and lead me in a plain path, because of my 

12 foes. Give me not over according to the desire'^ of mine adversaries; 
for false witnesses are risen up against me, breathing too violence. 

13 Yet I believe I shall see the goodness of the Eternal in the land of 

14 the living. Wait on the Eternal : be of good courage, and he shall 
strengthen thy heart : yea wait on the Eternal. 

1 Psalm xxviii. — Unto David. — Unto thee will I call, O Eternal 
my rock f be not deaf to me ; lest, if thou be silent to me, I 

2 resemble them that go down into the pit. Hear the voice of my 
supplications, when I cry for help unto thee, when I lilt up my hands 

3 towards the oracle of thy holiness. Draw me not away with the 
wicked, and with workers of iniquity, who speak peace to their fellows, 
but evil is in their hearts. Give them according to their deeds, and 
according to the evil of their endeavours : give them after the work 

evil imagination. ^ ggarch. 'booth. * crag. = shouting. « incline. 

' soul. 


5 of their hands ; render^ to them their desert. Because they will not 
understand the operations of the Eternal, nor the works of his hands, 
he shall destroy^' them, and not build them up. Blessed be the 

7 Eternal, because he hath heard the voice of my supplications. The 
Eternal is my strength and my shield ; my heart trusted in him, and 
I am helped : therefore my heart greatly rejoiceth ; and with my song 

8 will I praise him. The Eternal is their strength, and he w the 

9 stronghold of the salvation of his anointed. Save thy people, and 
bless thine inheritance : feed them also, and lift them up for ever.^ 

1 Psalm xxix. — A Psalm unto David. — Give* unto the Eternal, sons 

2 of the powerful, give* unto the Eternal glory^ and might. Give* unto 
the Eternal the glory"^ due unto his name ; prostrate yourself before 

3 the Eternal in the splendour of holiness The voice of the Eternal 
is upon the waters : the God of glory'^ thundereth : the Eternal is 

4 upon many waters. The voice of the Eternal is powerful ;" the voice 

5 of the Eternal is full of majesty."^ The voice of the Eternal breaketh 
cedars ; yea, the Eternal shattereth the cedars of the Lebanon. 

6 He makes them also to skip like a calf ; Lebanon and Sirion like the 

7 young of buffaloes. The voice of the Eternal divideth^ flames of fire. 

8 The voice of the Eternal shaketh the desert ; the Eternal shaketh 

9 the desert of Kadesh. The voice of the Eternal maketh hinds to 
calve, and forests bare : and in his palace doth every one speak of 

10 his glory."^ The Eternal sat at the deluge; yea, the Eternal sitteth 
King for ever. The Eternal will give might unto his people ; the 
Eternal will bless his people with the peace. 

1 Psalm xxx — A Psalm, Song at the dedication of the house — unto 
David. — I will extol thee, O Eternal ; for thou hast drawn me up, and 

2 hast not made mine enemies rejoice over me. O Eternal my God, I 

3 cried unto thee for help, and thou hast healed me. O Eternal, thou 
hast brought up my soul from the grave : thou hast kept me alive, 

4 that I should not go down to the pit. Hymn unto the Eternal, O ye 
saints of his, and give thanks at the remembrance of his holiness. 

5 For a moment he abideth in his wrath, for a life time in his kindness: 
weeping may endure for a night, but exultation cometh in the morning. 

6 7 And in my prosperity I said, I shall never totter. Eternal, in thy 
pleasure thou hast accorded might to my mountain : thou didst screen 

8 thy face, and I was troubled. I cried to thee, O Eternal ; and the 

9 Eternal I besought. What profit is there in my blood, when I go 
down to the pit ? Shall dust praise thee ? Shall it tell thy truth ? 

10 Hear, O Eternal, and be gracious unto me : O Eternal, be thou my 

11 helper. Thou hast turned for me my lamentation into dancing; thou 

12 hast put off my sackcloth, and girded me with gladness ; To the end 
that glory may hymn to thee, and not be silent. O Eternal ray God, 
I will give thanks unto thee for ever. 

' restore. ^ pull down. ^ until the everlastingness. * get. ^ honor. * with the 
strength. ' with the majesty. ^ heweth out. 


1 Psalm xxxi. — To the director, A Psalm unto David. — In thee, O 
Eternal, I trust ; let me never be ashamed : rescue me in thy righte- 

2 ousness. Incline thine ear to me ; deliver me speedily : be thou 

3 unto me a rock^ of strength, for a house of defence' to save me. For 
thou art my rock and my stronghold; therefore for thy name's sake 

4 lead me, and guide me. Take me out of the net that they have laid' 

5 privily for me : for thou art my strength. Into thy hand I commit 

6 my spirit : thou hast redeemed me, O Eternal God of truth. I have 
hated them that keep to vanities of nothingness : but as for me I trust 

7 in the Eternal. 1 will be glad and rejoice in thy mercy : thou who 

8 hast seen my misery : hast known my soul in troubles. And hast not 
shut me up into the hand of an enemy : thou hast set my feet in a 

9 large room. Be gracious unto me O Eternal, for I am distressed : 

10 mine eye is consumed with grief, ijea, my soul and my belly. For 
my life is spent in sorrow, and my years with sighing : ray strength 

11 faileth^ in mine iniquity, and my bones are consumed. From the 
multitude^ of mine adversaries I became a reproach of my neighbours, 
and a dread to mine acquaintances : they that did see me without, 

12 eschewed me. I am forgotten as a dead man out of mind : I am like 

13 a broken^ vessel. For I have heard the report of many: terror v:as 
on every side, while they took counsel together against me : they de- 

14 vised to take away my lifex But I trusted in thee, O Eternal : I said, 

15 Thou art my God. My fate is in thy hand : deliver me from the 

16 hand of mine enemies, and from my pursuers. Make thy face to 

17 shine upon thy servant: save me in thy mercy. Let me not be 
ashamed, O Eternal; for I have called upon thee : let the wicked be 

18 ashamed, and let them be silent for the grave. Let lips of lie be 
struck dumb ; which speak grievous things proudly and contemp- 

19 tuously against the righteous. Oh how great is thy goodness, which 
thou hast laid up in secret for them that fear thee ; which thou hast 

20 wrought for them that trust in thee before the sons of men ! Thou 
shalt screen them in the secret of thy presence from the pride of man: 

21 thou shalt conceal them in a booth from strife of tongues. Blessed 
be the Eternal : for he hath made conspicuous his kindness for me 

22 in a besieged city. But I, to be sure, said in my haste, I am cut off 
from before thiriC eyes : nevertheless thou heardest the voice of my 

23 supplications when I cried for help unto thee. O love the Eternal, 
all ye his saints: for the Eternal guardeth the faithful, and requiteth 

24 the haughtiness of the proud doer. Be ye strong, and he shall 
confirm your heart, all ye that wait for the Eternal. 

1 Psalm xxxii. — Unto David, Maschil. — O happiness of him whose 

2 transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered. O happiness of the 

' crag. 2 strongholds. * stuinbleth. ■• all. ' jierishing. 


man unto whom the Eternal imputeth no iniquity, and in whose spirit 

3 there is no guile. When I kept silence, my bones withered through my 

4 roaring all the day long. For by day and night thy hand was heavy 
upon me : my moisture is turned in the droughts of summer. Selah. 

5 I made known my sin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not covered. 
I said, I will confess my transgressions unto the Eternal ; and thou 

6 forgavest the iniquity of my sin. Selah. For this shall every saint 
pray unto thee in a time when thou mayest be found : surely in the 

7 floods of great' waters they shall not reach him. Thou art my 
hiding place ; thou shalt guard me from an adversary ; thou shalt 

8 compass me about with shouts of deliverance. Selah. I will instruct 
thee and teach thee in the way which thou shalt go : I will counsel 

9 thee, mine eye shall be upon thee. Be ye not as a horse, or as a 
mule, without understanding : to be held in with bit and bridle, lest 

10 they come near unto thee. Many sorrows hath the wicked : but he 

11 that trusteth in the Eternal, mercy shall compass him about. Be 
glad in the Eternal, and rejoice, ye righteous : and cause ye to shout, 
all that are upright in heart. 

1 Psalm xxxiii. — Exult in the Eternal, O ye righteous, ybr praise is 

2 comely for the upright. Thank the Eternal with harp : hymn unto 

3 him with a ten-stringed psaltery. Sing unto him a new song ; play 

4 skilfully amidst loud sounding mirth. For the word of the Eternal 

5 is upright, and all his deeds are done in faithfulness. He loveth 
righteousness and judgment: the earth is full of the mercy of the 

6 Eternal. By the word of the Eternal were heavens made ; and all 

7 the host of them by the breath^ of his mouth. He gathereth the 
waters of the sea together as a mound: he layeth up^ the murmuiing 

8 deep in storehouses*. Let all the earth fear the Eternal : let all the 

9 inhabitants of the world stand in awe of him. For he said, and it 

10 was done; he commanded, and it stood fast. The Eternal maketh 
void the counsel of nations: he disalloweth the devices^ of peoples. 

11 The counsel of the Eternal standeth for ever, the thoughts of his 

12 heart to all ages. Happy is the nation whose God is the Eternal; 

13 and the people whom he has chosen for his own inheritance. The 

14 Eternal looketh from heaven; he seeketh all the sons of men. From 
the establishment of his seat he looketh narrowly upon ail the inha- 

15 bitants of the earth. He that formed their hearts altogether, is he 

16 that considereth all their deeds. The king is not saved by the mul- 

17 titude of a force: a hero is not delivered by much strength. A 
horse is a vain^ thing for salvation : neither shall he rescue any by 

18 the multitude of his force. Behold, the eye of the Eternal is upon 

19 them that fear him, upon them that hope in his mercy ; To deliver 

20 their soul from death, and to keep them alive in famine. Our soul 

1 ma.iy, 2 wind. ^ giveth. * treasures. ^ thoughts. ^ lie. 


2 1 waiteth for the Eternal : he is our help and our shield. For our 
heart shall rejoice in him, because we have trusted in the name of 

22 his holiness. Let thy mercy, O Eternal, be upon us, according as 
we hope in thee. 

Psalm xxxiv. — Unto David, when he changed his behaviour^ 
before Abimelech ; who drove him away, and he went away. — 

1 I will bless the Eternal at all times : his praise shall continually be 

2 in my mouth. My soul shall boast itself in the Eternal : the meek 

3 shall hear thereof, and be glad. O magnify the Eternal with me, 

4 and let us exalt his name together. I inquired for the Eternal, and 

5 he answered me, and delivered me from all my dread. They looked 
unto him, and were lightened : and their faces were not ashamed. 

6 This poor man cried, and the Eternal heard him, and saved him out 

7 of all his troubles. An angeP of the Eternal encampeth round about 

8 them that fear him, and delivereth them. O taste and see that the 

9 Eternal is good ; happy is the man tliat trusteth in him. O fear the 
Eternal, ye his saints : for there is no want to them that fear him. 

10 Young lions do lack, and suffer hunger : but they that inquire after 

11 the Eternal shall not want any good thing. Come, ye children, 

12 hearken unto me : I will teach you the fear of the Eternal. What 
man is he that desireth life, and loveth many days, that he may see 

13 good? Guard thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking 

14 guile. Depart from evil, and do good ; seek peace, and pursue it. 

15 The eyes of the Eternal are upon the righteous, and his ears are 
IG open unto their cry for help. The face of the Eternal is against them 

that do evil, to exterminate the remembrance of them from the earth. 

17 The righteous cry, and the Eternal heareth, and delivereth them out 

18 of all their troubles. The Eternal is nigh unto them t^at are of a 

19 broken heart; and saveth such as are of a contrite spirit. Many are 
the afflictions of the righteous : but the Eternal delivereth him out 

20 of them all. He keepeth all his bones : not one of them is broken. 

2 1 Evil shall slay the wicked : and they that hate the righteous shall 
2'^ incur guilt. The Eternal releaseth the soul of his servants : and none 

of them that trust in him shall incur guilt. 

1 Psalm xxxv. — Unto David, — Strive, O Eternal, with them that 

2 strive Avith me ; fight against them that fight against me. Take 

3 hold of shield and buckler, and for my help arise. Draw out also 
the spear, and grasp it against them that pursue me : say unto my 

4 soul, I am thy salvation. Let them be confounded and put to shame 
that seek after my soul : let them recede and turn pale that devise 

6 my hurt.^ Let them be as chaff before a wind : and let an angel- of 

6 the Eternal chase* them. Let their way be darkness and slipperiness : 

7 and let an angeP of the Eternal pursue them. For without cause have 
they hid for me their net in a pit, for withoutcause have they digged for 

' taste. 2 messenger. ' think my evil. * push.' 


8 my soul. Let desolation come upon him at unawares :' and let his 
net that he hath hid catch'^ himself: with desolation let him fall into 

9 it. And my soul shall be joyful in the Eternal : it shall rejoice in his 

10 salvation. All my bones shall say, Eternal, who is like unto thee, 
who deliverest the poor from him that is too strong for him, yea, the 

11 poor and the needy from him that robbeth him. Testifying to vio- 

12 lence, witnesses rise up ; they ask me what I know not. They 

13 requited me evil for good, it is bereavement to my soul. But as for 
me, when they were sick, my clothing ivas sackcloth : I afflicted my 
soul with fasting ; and my prayer returned into mine own bosom. 

14 As though he had been a fellow o?' brother unto me, I walked about: 

15 I bowed down heavily,^ as one in mourning ybr a mother. But in 
my halting they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together : yea, 
railers gathered themselves together against me, and I knew it not ; 

16 they did rend me, and paused not. With hypocritical mockers 

17 parasitically,* they gnashed upon me with their teeth. Lord, how 
long'^ wilt thou look on ?° rescue my soul from their desolation, my 

18 only one from young lions. I will give thee thanks in a numerous 

19 congregation: I will praise thee among a mighty people. Let not 
them that are mine enemies wrongfully" rejoice over me : neither let 

20 them wink with the eye that hate me for nothing. For they speak 
not peace : but they devise** deceitful matters against them that are 

21 quiet in the land. Yea, they opened their mouth wide against me, 

22 and said. Aha, aha, our eye hath seen it. Tliis thou hast seen, 

23 O Eternal : keep not silence : O Eternal, be not far from me. Stir 
up thyself, and awake to my judgment, even unto my strife, my God 

24 and my Lord. Judge me, O Eternal my God, according to thy 

25 righteousness ; and let them not rejoice over me. Let them not say 
in their hearts. Ah, our desire:" let them not say. We have swallowed 

26 him up. Let them be ashamed and turn pale together that rejoice 
at my hurt :^° let them be clothed with shame and confusion that 

27 magnify themselves against me. Let them shout for joy, and rejoice 
that are pleased with my righteousness : yea, let them say continually. 
Great is the Eternal who is pleased with the prosperity^^ of his servant. 

28 And my tongue shall utter thy righteousness and thy praise all the 
day long. 

Psalm xxxvi. — To the director, unto David, the servant of the 

1 Eternal. — The declaration of the wicked resoundeth within my heart, 

2 there is no awe of God before his eyes. For it flattereth him in his 

3 own eyes that his iniquity in hatred may find him. The words of his 
mouth are iniquity and deceit : he hath left off to act wisely, and to 

4 do good. He deviseth^- iniquity upon his place of repose ; he placeth 

5 himself in a way that is not good ; he scorneth not evil. Thy mercy, 
O Eternal, is in the heavens ; and thy faithfulness reacheth unto the 

6 sky. Thy righteousness is like great mountains ;^"^ thy judgments 
are a great murmuring deep : O Eternal, thou savest man and beast. 

7 How precious is thy mercy, O God ! therefore the children of men 

' he shall not know. * conquer. ^ squalidly. * cake. '" how much. ^ see. 

" a lie, ^ think. ' our soul. i*^' evil. i' peace. ^^ thinks. '^ mountains of God. 


8 put their trust under the shadow of thy wings. They shall be satu- 
rated with the fatness of thy house ; and thou shalt make them drink 

9 of the river of thy pleasures. For with thee is the fountain of life : in 

10 thy light shall we see light. O continue' thy mercy unto them that 

1 1 know thee ; and thy righteousness to the upright in heart. Let not 
the foot of pride come against me, and let not the hand of the wicked 

12 remove me. There are the workers of iniquity fallen : they are 
cast down, and shall not be able to rise. 

1 Psalm xxxvii. — Unto David. — Fret not thyself because of evil- 

2 workers, neither be thou envious against the doers of wrong. For 
they shall soon be cvit down like the grass, and wither as the green 

3 herb. Trust in the Eternal, and do good ; dwell in the land, and 

4 feed with faithfulness. Delight thyself also in the Eternal ; and he 

5 shall give thee the desires of thy heart. Commit^ thy way unto the 

6 Eternal ; trust also in him ; and he shall bring it to pass.^ And he 
shall bring forth thy righteousness as the light, and thy judgment as 

7 the noonday. Rest in the Eternal, and wait patiently for him : fret 
not thyself because of him who prospereth in his way, because of the 

8 man who bringeth wicked devices to pass. Cease from wrath, and 

9 forsake fury ; fret not thyself, /b?' it is only for evil. For evildoers 
shall be cut off: but those that wait upon the Eternal, they shall 

10 inherit the land. For yet a little while, and the wicked is no more : 
yea, thou shalt diligently consider his place, and it shall not be. 

11 But the meek shall inherit the land ; and shall delight themselves in 

12 the abundance of peace. The wicked plotteth against the righteous, 

13 and gnasheth upon him with his teeth. The Lord shall laugh at him : 

14 for he seeth that his day is coming. The wicked have drawn out* a 
sword, and have bent their bow, to cast down the poor and needy, 

15 and to slay, such as are upright, in the way. Their sword shall enter 

16 into their own heart, and their bows shall be broken. A little that 
the righteous man hath is better than the abundance of many wicked. 

17 For the arms of the wicked shall be broken : but the Eternal up- 

18 holdeth the righteous. The Eternal knoweth the days of the upright i'^ 

19 and their inheritance shall be for ever. They shall not be ashamed 
in the time of evil : and in the days of famine they shall be satisfied. 

20 But the wicked shall perish, and the enemies of the Eternal shall be 
as the fat" of lambs : they shall consume ; into smoke shall they con- 

21 sume away. 7%e wicked borroweth, and payeth not again ; hut the 

22 righteous is merciful, and giveth. For such as were blessed of him shall 
inherit the land ; and theij that are execrated of him shall be cut off. 

23 The steps of a (/ood man are established by the Eternal ; and he de- 

24 lighteth in his way. Though he fall, he shall not be utterly cast 

25 down : for the Eternal upholdcth hhn with his hand. I was young, 
and now am old ; yet have I not seen the righteous forsaken, nor his 

2G seed begging^ bread. All day he is merciful, and lendeth ; and his 
27 seed is for blessing. Depart from evil, and do good ; and dwell 

* draw 2 roll. 3 Jq. * opened. ' perfect. '"■ preciousness. ' seeking. 


28 for evermore. For the Eternal loveth judgment, and forsaketh not 
his saints ; they are preserved for ever : but the seed of the wicked 

29 shall be cut off. The righteous shall inherit the land, and dwell 

30 therein for ever. The mouth of the righteous uttereth wisdom, and 

31 his tongue talketh of judgment. The law of God is in his heart; 

32 none of his steps shall slide. The wicked watcheth the righteous, 

33 and seeketh to put him to death. The Eternal will not leave him in 

34 his hand, nor declare him guilty when he is judged. Wait on the 
Eternal, and keep his way, and he shall exalt thee to inherit the land : 

35 the cutting off of the wicked thou shalt see. I have seen a terrible 
^^Q wicked one, and spreading himself like a bushy native tree. Yet he 

passed away, and, lo, he was not : yea, I sought him, but he could 

37 not be found. Observe the perfect man, and behold the upright : 

38 for the end of that man is peace. But transgressors shall be destroyed 

39 together : the end^ of the wicked shall be cut off. But the salvation 
of the righteous is of the Eternal : he is their strength in the time of 

40 trouble. And the Eternal shall help them, and rescue them : he 
shall rescue them from the wicked, and save them, because they 
trust in him. 

Psalm xxxviii. — A Psalm unto David, to bring to remembrance. — 

1 O Eternal, reprove me not in thy anger : neither chasten me in thy 

2 fury. For thine arrows stick fast in me, and thy hand presseth rae 

3 sore. There is no soundness in my flesh because of thine indigna- 

4 tion ; neither is there any peace in my bones because of my sin. For 
mine iniquities are gone over my head : as a heavy burden they are 

5 too heavy for me My stripes have become fetid and fester because 

6 of my foolishness. I am bent ; I am bowed down greatly ; I go 

7 mourning all the day long. For my loins are filled with burning 

8 disease : and there is no soundness in my flesh. I am benumbed and 
sore crushed : I have roared by reason of the groaning of my heart. 

9 Lord, all my desire is before thee ; and my sighing is not hid from 

10 thee. My heart panteth, my strength forsaketh me : as for the light 

11 of mine eyes, it also is gone from me. My lovers and my friends 

12 stand aloof from my affliction; and my kinsmen stand afar off. They 
also that seek after my life lay snares /or me : and they that seek my 
hurt speak mischievous things, and imagine deceits all the day long. 

13 But, as though I were deaf I would not hear; and like a dumb man that 

14 openeth not his mouth. Thus I was as a man thatheareth not, and 

15 in whose mouth are no arguments. For in thee, O Eternal, do I 

16 hope : thou wilt answer, O Lord my God. For I said, Lest, they 
rejoice over me : when my foot slippeth, they magnify themselves 

17 against me. For I am ready to halt, and my sorrow is continually 

18 before me. Fori will declare mine iniquity ; I am apprehensive by 

19 reason of my sin. But mine enemies are alive, and they are mighty : 

' remoteness. 


20 and they that hate me wrongfully are numerous ; They also that 
render evil for good, becoming mine adversaries because of my fol- 

21 lowing what is good. Forsake me not, O Eternal ; O my God, be 

22 not far from me. Make haste to help me, O Lord my salvation. 
Psalm xxxix. — To the director, even to Jeduthun, A Psalm unto 

1 David. — I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my 
tongue : I will keep my mouth with a muzzle, while the wicked is 

2 before me. I was dumb with silence, I held my peace, even from 

3 good ; and my sorrow was stirred. My heart was hot within me, in 

4 my fervor the fire burned : then spake I with my tongue, Eternal, 
make me to know mine end, and the measure of my days, what it is ; 

5 that I may know how frail I am. Behold, thou hast made my days as 
handbreadths ; and my lifetime is as nothing before thee : verily every 

6 man is altogether vanity. This is established. Selah. Surely 
every man walketh in a vain shew :' surely their noise is for vanity : 

7 he heapeth up riches, andknoweth not who shall gather them. And 

8 now. Lord, what wait I for ? my hope is in thee. Deliver me from 

9 all my transgressions : make me not a reproach of the base. I was 

10 dumb, I opened not my mouth ; because thou didst it. Remove thy 
infliction from me: I am consumed by the instigation of thy hand. 

1 1 When thou with rebukes^ dost correct^ man for iniquity, thou makest 
his beauty to melt away, as the moth consumeth ; surely every man 

12 is vanity. Selah. Hear my prayer, O Eternal, and give ear unto 
my cry for help ; hold not thy peace at my tears : for I am a stranger 

13 with thee, and a sojourner as all my fathers were. Take off thy angry 
look from me that I may cheer up^ before I go hence, and be no 

1 Psalm xl. — To the Director, unto David, a Psalm. — ■! waited pa- 
tiently for the Eternal; and he inclined unto me, and heard me cry 

2 for help. He brought me up also out of a horrible pit, out of the miry 

3 clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings. And 
he hath put"' a new song in my mouth, even praise unto our God : 

4 many shall see it, and fear and trust in the Eternal. O, happiness of 
the man that maketh^ the Eternal his trust, and turneth not to 

5 boastings, nor to such as turn aside to falsehood. Many things hast 
thou performed, O Eternal my God ; thy wonderful works and thy 
thoughts v-hich are to us-ward : nothing is comparable with thee : 
if\ would declare and speak of them, they are more' than can be 

6 numbered. Sacrifice and oblation thou didst not desire ; ears hast 
thou given** me : burnt offering and sin offering hast thou not de- 

7 manded. Then said I, Lo, I come with the scroll of the book. It is 

8 written for me. I delight to do thy will, O my God : yea, thy law 

' image. - arguments. ' chastise. * shine forth. '" given. * puiteUi. ^ mightier. 

8 dug. 


9 is within my heart.* I have announced righteousness in a numerous 
congregation : lo, I have not refrained'^ my lips, O Eternal, thou 

10 knowest. I have not hid^ thy righteousness within my heart ; I have 
declared* thy faithfulness and thy salvation : I have not concealed* 

11 thy mercy and thy truth from a numerous congregation. Withhold 
not thou thy compassion from me, O Eternal, let thy mercy and thy 

12 truth continually preserve me. For evils without number have 
hemmed me in : mine iniquities have overtaken me, so that I am not 
able to look up ; they are more^ than the hairs of my head : therefore 

13 my heart faileth' me. Be pleased, O Eternal, to deliver me : O 

14 Eternal, make haste to help me. Let them be ashamed and turn 
pale together that seek after my soul to destroy it ; let them be 

15 driven backward and be confounded that wish me evil. Let Ihem 
be desolate in consequence of their shame that say unto me, Aha, 

16 aha. Let all those that seek thee rejoice and be glad in thee : let 
such as love thy salvation say continually. The Eternal be magnified. 

17 But I am poor and needy; yet the Lord thinketh upon me: thou art 
my help and my rescuer ; delay not, O my God. 

1 Psalm xli. — To the Director, A Psalm unto David. — O, happiness 
of him that acteth wisely towards the indigent : the Eternal will 

2 rescue him in the day of evil. The Eternal will guard him, and keep 
him alive ; and he shall be declared happy upon the earth : and thou 

3 wilt not deliver'* him unto the wilP of his enemies. The Eternal will 
sustain him upon the bed^'^ of languishing : all his place of repose 

4 thou turnest in his sickness. I said. Eternal, be gracious unto me: 

5 heal my soul ; for I have sinned against thee. Mine enemies speak 

6 evil of me. When shall he die, and his name perish ? And if he 
come to see me, he speaketh vanity^^: his heart gathereth mischief to 

7 itself; he goeth abroad, he speaketh of it. All that hate me whisper 

8 together against me : against me do they devise^^ my hurt. A thing 
of perdition shall alight^^ upon him : and now that he lieth he sjiall 

9 rise up no more. Yea, mine own familiar friend, ^"^ in whom I trusted, 

10 who did eat of my bread, hath lifted up^^ his heel against me. But 
thou, O Eternal, be gracious unto me, and raise me up, that I may 

11 requite them. By this I know that thou art pleased with me, 

12 because mine enemy doth not triumph over me. And as for me, 
thou upholdest me in mine integrity, and settest me before thy face 

13 for ever. Blessed be the Eternal God of Israel from everlasting, 
and to everlasting. Amen, and Amen. 

1 Psalm xlii. — To the director, Maschil, for the sons ot Korah. — As 
a hart panteth after water springs, so panteth my soul after thee, O 

2 God. My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God : when shall I 

* bowels. 2 withheld. ' covered. * said. ^ denied. ^ mightier. ' forsaketh. ^ give 
5 soul. '" bedstead. i' nothiogness. '- think. '^ pour, 1^ the man of n)y peace. 
^^ magnified. 


3 come and appear before God ? My tears have been my bread by 
day and by night, while they all day say unto me, Where is thy God ? 

4 When I remember these things, I pour out my soul in me : for I 
had gone with the multitude, when I used to march along,^ to go in 
pilgrimage with them to the house of God, with the voice of rejoicing 

5 and thanks — a festive crowd. What for art thou cast down, my 
soul? and what for waileth thou over me ? hope thou in God : for 
I shall yet thank him, the salvation of my person,^ and my God. 

6 My soul is cast down within me : therefore will T remember thee 
from the land of Jordan, and the Herraonites, from the hill Mizar. 

7 Murmuring deep calleth unto murmuring deep at the noise^ of thy 
waterspouts : all thy waves and thy billows have passed over me. 

8 Yet the Eternal will command his mercy in daytime, and in the night 
his song shall be with me, and my prayer unto the God of my life. 

9 I wall say unto God my rock, Wherefore hast thou forgotten me? 
Wherefore go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy ? 

10 As with a sword* in my bones, mine enemies reproach me ; while they 

11 say every day unto me. Where is thy God ? What for art thou cast 
down, O my soul ? and what for waileth thou over me ? hope thou 
in God : for I shall yet thank him, the salvation of my person^ and 
my God. 

1 Psalm xliii. — Judge me, O God, and strive in my strive against an 

2 impious nation : O rescue me from a deceitful and unjust man. For 
thou art the God of my strength : wherefore dost thou cast me off ? 

3 wherefore go I mourning because of the oppression of an enemy ? O 
send out thy light and thy truth : let them guide me ; let them bring 

4 me unto the mountain of thy holiness, and to thy dwellings. That 
I may come unto the altar of God, unto God my exceeding joy :^ yea, 

5 upon the harp will I thank thee, O God my God. What for art 
thou cast down, O my soul ? and what for waileth thou over me ? 
hope in God : for I shall yet thank him, the salvation of my person^ 
and my God. 

1 Psalm xliv. — To the Director, to the sons of Korah, Maschil. — We 
have heard with our ears, O God, our fathers have related to us, 

2 what work thou wroughtest in their days, in the times of old. How 
thou didst dispossess nations with thy hand, and plantedst them ; how 

3 thou didst afflict races, and cast them out. For not by their 
own sword possessed they the land, neither did their own arm save 
them : but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy coun- 

4 tenance, because thou tookest pleasure in them. Thou who art my 

pass. * face, ■'' voice. * murder, ' joy of exaltation. 


5 King, O God, command salvation for Jacob. Through thee will we 
push down our enemies : through thy name will we tread them under 

6 that rise up against us. For I will not trust in my bow, neither shall 

7 my sword save me. But thou hast saved us from our adversaries, 

8 and hast put them to shame that hated us. In God we boast all the 

9 day long, and acknowledge thy name for ever. Selah. But thou 
hast cast off, and confounded us ; and goest not forth with our hosts. 

10 Thou makest us to turn back from the adversary : and they who hate 

11 us spoil for themselves. Thou hast given us like sheep appointed for 

12 meat ; and hast scattered us among the nations. Thou sellest thy 
people for what is worthless, and dost not increase thy wealth by 

13 their price. Thou makest us a reproach' to our neighbours, a scorn 

14 and a derison to them that are round about us. Thou makest us a 
byword among the nations, a shaking of the head among the people.^ 

15 My confusion is the whole day before me, and the shame of my face 

16 hath covered me. For the voice of a scorner and reviler ; by reason 

17 of the enemy and revengful. All this is come upon us ; yet have we 
not forgotten thee, neither have we dealt falsely in thy covenant. 

18 Our heart is not turned back, that our steps should have declined 

19 from thy path ; Though thou hast crushed us in the place of jackals, 

20 and covered us with the shadow of death. If we have forgotten the 

21 name of our God, or spread forth our hands to a strange^ god ; Shall 

22 not God search this out ? for he knoweth the secrets of a heart. Yea, 
for thy sake are we killed all the day long ; we are counted"^ as sheep 

23 for the slaughter. Awake, why sleepest thou, O Lord ? arouse thy- 

24 self, cast us not off for ever. Wherefore hidest^ thou thy face, and 

25 forgettest our poverty and our oppression ? For our soul is bowed 

26 down to the dust : our belly cleaveth unto the earth. Arise for our 
help, and release us for thy mercies' sake. 

Psalm xlv. — To the director upon Shoshannim, to the sons of 

1 Korah, Maschil, A song of loves. — My heart bubbleth up in pleasant^ 
words. I dedicate^ my works to a king : my tongue is the pen of 

2 a ready writer. Thou art fairer than the children of men : grace is 
poured into thy lips : therefore God hath blessed thee for ever. 

3 Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O hero, with thy glory and thy 

4 Majesty. And in thy majesty break forth, ride for the cause^ of truth 
and meekness and righteousness ; and thy right hand shall teach thee 

5 terrible things. Thine arrows are sharp, peoples fall under thee, 

6 piercing into the heart of the king's enemies. Thy throne, O God, 
is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a sceptre of 

7 justice. Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness : therefore 
God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy 

8 fellows. All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, «wo( cassia, out 

disgrace. ^ races. ^ ]ay, < thought. ^ screenest. ^ good. ' say. 

* word. 


9 of ivory palaces have musical strains gladdened tnee. Kings' 
daughters were among thy honourable^ women : upon thy right hand 

10 did stand the queen- in gold of Ophir. Hearken, O daughter, and 
see, and incline thine ear ; forget also thy people, and thy father's 

11 house; So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty : for he w- thy 

12 lord ; and prostrate thyself before him. And the daughter of Tyre 
shall he there with a gift : even the rich among the people shall entreat 

13 thy favour.^ The king's daughter is all glorious within : her clothing 

14 is interwoven with gold. She shall be led unto the king in embroidered 
raiment : virgins after her, her companions, shall be brought unto thee. 

15 With gladness and rejoicing shall they be led : they shall enter into 

16 a king's palace. Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, thou 

17 wilt appoint them officers in the whole land. I will make thy name 
to be remembered in all generations : therefore shall the people praise 
thee for ever and ever. 

Psalm xlvi. — To the director, to the sonsof Korah, upon Alamoth, 

1 A Song. — God is a refuge unto us, and a mountain, a help in troubles 

2 found immediately. Therefore will not we fear, though the earth 
should be overturned, and though mountains should totter in the heart 

3 of seas. Though the waters thereof roar and surge, though mountains 

4 quake at his excellency. Selah. A river and its rivulets shall make 
glad the city of God, the Holy One in the dwellings of the most 

5 High. God is in the midst of her ; she shall not totter : God shall 
help her, at the turn of morning. Nations roared, kingdoms tot- 

7 tered : he uttered* his voice, the earth melted. The Eternal of hosts 

8 is with us ; the God of Jacob i? our refuge. Selah. Come, regard 
the operations of the Eternal, who made^ desolations in the earth. 

9 He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth ; he breaketh a 
bow, and cutteth a spear in sunder ; he burneth waggons in the fire. 

10 Be still, and know that I am God: I will be exalted among the na- 
] 1 tions, 1 will be exalted in the earth. The Eternal of hosts is with 
us ; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah. 

Psalm xlvii.^ — To the director, to the sons of Korah, A Psalm. — 

1 O clap your hands, all ye peoples ; shout unto God with the voice of 

2 triumph. For the Eternal most high is fearful ; he is a great King 

3 over all the earth. He shall subdue peoples under us, and races 

4 under our feet. He shall choose our inheritance for us, the excel- 

5 lency of Jacob whom he loved. Selah. God is gone up with a 

' precious. ^ head- wife. ' face. * gave. '" put; 


6 shout^, the Eternal with the sound of a cornet.^Hymn to God, 

7 hymn praises : hymn unto our King, hymn. For God is the King 

8 of all the earth: sing ye praises with understanding. ^God reigneth 
over the nations : God sitteth upon the throne of his holiness. 

9 Nobles of the peoples are gathered together, even the people of the 
God of Abraham : for the shields of the earth belong unto God : he 
is greatly exalted. 

1 Psalm xlviii. — A Song and Psalm unto the sons of Korah. — Great 
is the Eternal, and greatly to be praised in the city of our God, in 

2 the mountain of his holiness. Beautiful district, joy of the whole 
earth, mount Zion, both sides of the north, city of a great^ King — 

3 4 God in her palaces is known for a refuge. For, lo, the kings made 
5 an appointment, they passed by together. They saw it, and so they 
6' marvelled ; they were troubled, and hurried away in dismay. Tremb- 
ling took bold of them there, and writhing, as of a woman in 

7 travail. Thou shatterest the ships of Tarshish with an east wind. 

8 As we have heard, so have we seen in the city of the Eternal of hosts, 

9 in the city of our God : God will establish it for ever. Selah. We 
picture to ourselves, O God, thy mercy, in the midst of thy temple. 

10 According to thy name, O God, so is thy praise unto the ends of 

1 1 the earth : thy right hand is full of righteousness. Let mount Zion 
rejoice, let the daughters of Judah be glad, because of thy judgments. 

12 Walk about Zion, and encompass her : count the towers thereof. 

13 Mark ye welF her trench, survey her palaces ; that ye may relate it 

14 to a later generation. For this is God our^God for^ever and ever : 
he will be our guide even unto death. 

Psalm xlix. — To the director, to the sons of Korah, A Psalm. — 

1 Hear this, all ye peoples ; give ear, all ye inhabitants of a transitory 

2 world : Both sons of the lowly and sons of the high, rich and needy 

3 together. My mouth shall speak of wisdom ; and the meditation of 

4 my heart shall be of understanding. I will incline mine ear to a 

5 parable : I will open my subtle saying upon the harp. Wherefore 
should I fear in the days of evil, should even the iniquity of my cir- 

6 cumventors compass me about. Who trust in their wealth,* and 

7 boast themselves in the multitude of their riches ? Yet even the sub- 
stantial may not redeem a brother, nor give to the judges'^ his ransom : 

8 Even the ransom of their life*' is too precious, and so it is left alone 

9 for ever, As though he lived further on for ever, and would not see 

10 the grave. Yet he seeth that wise men die, likewise the fool and the 

11 brutish person perish, and leave their wealth* toothers. Their in- 
ward thought is, that their houses shall continue for ever, and their 
dwelling places to all generations ; they call their lands after their 

12 own names. Nevertheless man being in honour abideth not : he is 

13 like the beasts that are irrational.''' This their way is their folly : 

* din. 2 numerous. ^ ggt your heart. ^ force. ' God. « soul. ^ dumb. 


14 yet those after them take pleasure in their sayings.^ Selah. Like 
the flock they lay them in the grave ; death shall feed them ; and the 
upright shall have dominion over them in the morning ; and their 

15 rock shall consume the grave that it remain not their abode. Truly 
God will redeem my soul from the hand of the grave : he shall receive 

16 me. Selah. Be not thou afraid when one is made rich, when the 

17 glory of his house is increased ; For when he dieth he shall not 

18 carry anything away : his glory shall not descend after him. Though 
while he lived he blessed his soul, and praised thee, when thou doest 

19 well to thyself; Yet when thou comest to the generation of his 

20 fathers, thoy shall never see light. Man that is in honour, and under- 
standeth this not, is like the beasts that are irrational.^ 

1 Psalm l. — A Psalm unto Asaph. — The Mighty One, God, even the 
Eternal, hath spoken, and called the earth from the rising of the sun 

2 unto the going down thereof. Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, 

3 God hath shined. Our God shall come, and shall not keep silence: 
a fire shall devour before him, and it shall be very tempestuous round 

4 about him. He shall call to the heavens from above, and to the 

5 earth, that he may pronounce judgment on his people. Gather my 
saints together unto me ; those that have made^ a covenant with me 

6 by sacrifice. iVnd heavens shall tell his righteousness : for God is 

7 judge himself, Selah. Hear, O my people, and I will speak ; O 

8 Israel, and I will testify against thee : God, thy God even. I will 
not reprove thee for thy sacrifices, since thy burnt offerings have been 

9 continually before me. I will take no bull out of thy house, nor he 

10 goats out of thy folds. For mine is every forest animal, beasts on 

11 mountains by thousands. I know every fowl on mountains : and the 

12 wild beasts of fields ere mine. If I were hungry, I would not tell 

13 thee : for the world is mine, and the fulness thereof. Will I eat the 

14 flesh of bulls, or drink the blood of he goats? Offer* unto God 

15 thanksgiving ; and pay thy vows unto the most High : And call 
upon me in the day of trouble : I will rescue thee, and thou shalt 

19 glorify me. 13ut unto the wicked God saith, what business hast 

thou to declare^ my statutes, that thou shouldest take my covenant m 

17 thy mouth ? Seeing thou hatest instruction, and easiest my words 

18^behind thee. When thou sawest a thief, then thou wast pleased with 

19 him, and hast thy portion with adulterers. Thy mouth thou lettest 

20 loose** to evil, and thy tongue i'rameth deceit. Thou sittest and 
speakest against thy brother j uttereth^ scandal against thine own 

21 mother's son. These things hast thou done, and I kept silence ; 
thou imaginedst that I was altogether such an one as thyself : but 1 

22 will reprove thee, and set them in order before thine eyes. Now 
consider this, ye that forget God, lest I tear you in pieces, and there 

23 be none to deliver, He who ofi"ereth thanksgiving glorifieth me, also 
he that maketh** his way slraiijht him will I show the salvation of 

' mouths; - dumb. ■' cut. * sacrifice. '" relate. ''' scndest. ' givetli. 

^ putletb. 


Psalm li. — To the director, A Psalm unto David, when Nathan the 

1 prophet came unto him, after he had come to Bathsheba. — Be gra- 
cious unto me, God, according to thy mercy : according to the 

2 multitude of thy compassion blot out my transgressions. Wash me 

3 thoroughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin. For 

4 I know my transgressions : and my sin is ever before me. Against 
thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done the evil in thine eyes : that 
thou mayest be righteous in thy speaking, clear in thy judging. 

5 Behold, I was shapen in iniquity ; and in sin did my mother conceive 

6 me. Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts : and in the 

7 hidden joar/; thou shalt make me to know wisdom. Purge me with 
hyssop, and I shall be clean : wash me, and I shall be whiter than 

8 snow. Make me to hear joy and gladness ; thai the bones which 

9 thou hast crushed may exult. Screen thy face from my sins, and 

10 blot out all mine iniquities. Create in me a clean heart, O God ; 

11 and renew a right spirit within me. Cast me not away from thy 

12 presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me. Restore unto me 

13 the joy of thy salvation ; and uphold me icith a willing spirit. Then 
will 1 teach transgressors thy way ; and sinners shall return unto 

14 thee. Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, thou God of my 

15 salvation : and my tongue shall shout thy righteousness. O Lord, 

16 open thou my lips ; and my mouth shall tell thy praise. For thou 
desirest not sacrifice ; else would I give it : thou delightest not in 

17 burnt offering. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit : a broken 

18 and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise. Do good in thy 
good pleasure unto Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem. 

19 Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness, with 
burnt offering and whole burnt offering : then shall they offer bulls 
upon thine altar. 

Psalm lii. — To the director Maschil, to David, when Doeg 

1 the Edomite came and told Saul, and said unto him, 
David is come to the house Ahimelech. — Why^ boastest thou 
thyself in evil, O hero? The mercy of God endureth con- 

2 tinually.2 Thy tongue deviseth mischiefs, O worker of deceit, 

3 like a sharp razor. Thou lovest evil more than good ; and 

4 lying rather than to speak righteousness. Selah. Thou lovest 

5 all devouring words, O thou deceitful tongue. God shall 
likewise destroy^ thee for ever, he shall take thee away, and pluck 
thee out of thy dwelling place, and root thee out of the land of the 

6 living. Selah. 7%e righteous also shall see, and fear, and shall laugh at 

7 him : Lo, this is the man that made not God his strength; but trusted 

8 in the abundance of his riches, a7id defied in his wickedness.* But I 
am like a bushy olive tree in the house of God : I trust in the mercy 

9 of God for ever and ever. I will thank thee for ever, because thou 
hast done it : and I will wait in thy name ; for it is good before thy 

what. 2 all day. ' pull down. * niiscliief. 


Psalm liii. — To the Director, upon Mahalath, Maschil, unto 

1 David. — A base one sayeth in his heart, There is no God. 
They are corrupt, they have done abominable iniquity, there 

2 is none that does good. The Eternal glanced down from 
heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any 

3 that did understand, inquiring after God. They have all gone back 
they have all together become corrupt : /Nereis none that doeth good, 

4 no, not one. Do the workers of iniquity not know this ? they 
that eat up my people as they eat bread, and call not upon the Eternal. 

5 There were they in great dread, where no dread was : for God hath 
scattered the bones of him that encampeth against thee: thou hast 

6 put them to shame, because God hath scorned them. O that the 
salvation of Israel were come out of Zion !^ When God bringeth back 
the captivity of his people, Jacob shall rejoice, and Israel shall be 

Psalm liv. — To the director in stringed instruments, Maschil, unto 
David, when the Ziphim came and said to Saul, Doth not David 

1 hide himself with us ? — Save me, O God, by thy name, and pro- 

2 nounce my judgment in thy strength. Hear my prayer, O God ; 

3 give ear to the words of my mouth. For strangers^ are risen up 
against me, and terrible foes seek after my soul : they have not set 

4 God before them. Selah. Behold, God is my helper : the Lord is 

5 with them that uphold my soul. He shall return the evil unto mine 

6 opponents: in thy truth bring them to silence. From a free will I 
will sacrifice unto thee : I will acknowledge thy name, O Eternal ; 

7 for it is good. For he hath delivered me out of every trouble : and 
mine eye hath seen its desire upon mine enemies. 

Psalm lv. — To the director in stringed instruments, Maschil, unto 

1 David. — Give ear to my prayer, O God ; and hide not thyself from 

2 my supplication. Attend unto me, and answer me : I err about|| in 

3 my lamentation, and groan. Because of the voice of the enemy, 
because of the oppression oi the wicked: for they cause iniquity to 

4 alight upon me, and in wrath they are hostile to me. My heart 
quaketh within me ; and the terrors of death are fallen upon me. 

5 Tearfulness and trembling are come upon me, and shudder hath 

6 covered me. And I said, O that I had"^ wings like the dove ! for 

7 then would I fly away, and be at rest.* Lo, then would I wander 

8 far off, and remain'' in the desert. Selah. I would make haste to 

9 my place of escape from a rushing wind and tempest. Destroy," O 
Lord, Qwc? divide their tongues : for I have seen violence and strife 

10 in the city. Day and night they go aboutitupon the ramparts thereof : 

11 iniquity also and trouble are in the midst of it. Mischief is in the 
midst thereof : oppression and guile depart not from its streets. 

12 For it is not an enemy that reproached me, that I should bear it : 
neither is it he that hates me that does magnify /«mse/^ against me ; 

13 that I should screen myself from him : But thou, a person of my 

14 station, my guide,'' and mine acquaintance. We who took sweet 

' who will give from Zion Israel's salvation. * laymen. ^ who will give me. 
* dwell. ' pass the night. " swallow. ' chieftain. 


15 counsel together, and walked unto the house of God with noise. Let 
death beguile them, and let them go down quick into the grave : for 

16 wickedness is in their abodes, a/ic? among them. As for me, 1 will 

1 7 call upon God ; and the Eternal shall save me. Evening and 
morning, and at noon, will I pray and cry aloud :^ and he shall 

18 hear my voice. He hath delivered my soul in peace from the on- 

19 slaught against me : for they were in numbers^ against me. God 
shall hear and repay^ them, even he that abideth of old, Selah, 

20 them who have no changes, and therefore fear not God. He hath 
put forth* his hands against such as are at peace with him: he hath 

21 profaned his covenant. The words of his mouth were smoother than 
clouted milk, but onslaught was in his heart : his words were softer 

22 than oil, yet were they drawn swords. Cast thy burden upon the 
Eternal, and he shall sustain thee : he shall never suffer'^ the righteous 

23 to totter. But thou, O God, shalt bring them down into a deep 
pit :" sanguinary and deceitful men shall not live out half their days, 
but I will trust in thee. 

Psalm lvi. — To the Chief Musician upon Jonathelem-rechokim, 

1 Michtam unto David, when the Philistines seized him in Gath. — Be 
gracious unto me, O God : for a person panteth after me ; he fighting 

2 daily oppresseth me. My adversaries pant the whole day ; for many 

3 fight against me from on high. The very time^ I fear, I yet surely 

4 trust in thee. In God I will boast of his word, in God I have put 

5 my trust ; I will not fear what flesh can do unto me. Every day 
they wrest* my words : all their thoughts are against me for evil. 

6 They gather themselves together, they hide them.selves^ they mark 

7 my steps, when they wait for my soul. Is their deliverance to be for 

8 iniquity ! in wrath cast down peoples, O God. Thou tellest my 
wanderings : put thou my tears into thy bottle : are they not in thy 

9 book? On the day I call, then shall mine enemies turn back : this 

10 I know; for God w for me. In God will I boast of Ais word : in the 

1 1 Eternal will I boast of his word. In God have I put my trust : I will 

1 2 not fear, what can man do unto me 'I Thy vows are upon me, O God, 

13 I will repay thanksgivings unto thee. For thou hast delivered my 
soul from death : wilt not thou keep my feet from slipping, that I may 
walk before God in the light of the living ? 

Psalm lvii. — To the director, Al-taschith, unto David, Michtam, 

1 when he fled from Saul in the cave. — Be gracious unto me, O God, 
be gracious unto me : for my soul taketh refuge in thee : yea, in the 
shadow of thy wings will I take refuge, until mischief be overpast, 

2 I will call unto ray God most high ; unto God that cometh to a con- 

utter sounds. ^ in many. ^ answer. * sent. " give^ ^ well of pit. 

■^ a day. ^ vex. 


3 elusion over me. He shall send from heaven and save me ; he hath 
disgraced him that pants after me. Selah. God shall send forth 

4 his mercy and his truth. My soul is among lions : and I lie even 
among them that blaze, even the sons of men, whose teeth are spears 

5 and arrows, and their tongue a sharp sword. Be thou exalted, O 

6 God above the heavens ; let thy glory be above all the earth. They 
have prepared a net for my steps ; my soul is bowed down : they 
have digged a pit before me, into the midst thereof they are fallen 

7 themselves. Selah. My heart is steadfast, O God, my heart is 

8 steadfast : I will sing and hymn. Awake up, my glory ; awake, O 

9 psaltery ^nd harp : I will stir up the morning dawn. I will hymn 
thee, O Lord, among the peoples ; I will hymn unto thee among the 

10 races. For thy mercy is great unto heaven, and thy truth unto the 

1 1 sky. Be thou exalted, O God, above heavens ; let thy glory be 
above all the earth. 

Psalm lviii. — To the Director, Al-taschith, unto David, a Mich- 

1 tam. — Do ye mighty ones indeed speak righteousness ? do ye judge 

2 uprightly, O ye sons of men ? Yea, in heart ye work iniquity ; ye 

3 weigh the violence of your hands in the land. Wicked ones are 
estranged from the womb : they go astray as soon as they are born, 

4 utterers of falsehood. Their poison^ is like the poison' of a serpent : 

5 they are like a deaf adder that stoppeth its ear ; Which will not 
hearken to the voice of whisperers, the cunning master of charms. 

6 Break their teeth, O God, in their mouth : break out the grinders of 

7 the lions' whelps, O Eternal. Let them melt away as waters which 
flow off: when he bends his arrows let them be as cut in pieces. 

8 As a snail let him melt as he passeth on : like the untimely birth of 

9 a woman, wliich hath not seen the sun. Before your pots can feel 
the thorns, fresh as well as scorched, let a whirlwind carry them 

10 away. The righteous shall rejoice because he seeth vengeance : he 

11 shall wash his footsteps in the blood of the wicked. So that a man 
shall say. Verily there is fruit for the righteous : verily there is a God 
judging on earth. 

Psalm lix. — To the Director, Al-taschith, unto David, Michtam ; 
when Saul sent, and they watched the house to put him to death. — 

1 Deliver me from mine enemies, O my God: defend me from them 

2 that rise up against me. Deliver me from workers of iniquity, and 

3 save me from sanguinary men. For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul : 
mighty ones are gathered against me ; not _/or my transgression, nor 

4 for my sin, O Eternal. Against the guiltless they run and make 

' fury. 



5 preparations : awake to help me,^ and behold. Thou therefore, O 
Eternal God of hosts, God of Israel, rouse thyself to visit all the 

6 nations ; be not gracious to any iniquitous traitors. Selah. They 
return at the evening, howl like the dog, and go round about the 

7 city. Behold, they belch out with their mouth : swords are in their 

8 lips : for who, say they, doth hear ? But thou, O Eternal, shalt 

9 laugh at them ; thou shalt have all nations in derision. Because of 

10 his strength will I wait upon thee : for God is my defence. The 
God of my mercy shall anticipate me : God shall let me see my 

1 1 desire upon mine adversaries. Slay them not, lest my people forget : 
move them about by thy force ; and bring them down, O Lord our 

12 shield. For the sin of their mouth and the words of their lips let 
them even be taken in their pride : and for imprecations and lies 

13 which they utter. Consume them in wrath, consume them, that 
they may not be : and let them know that God ruleth in Jacob unto 

14 the ends of the earth. Selah. And at the evening let them return; 

15 and let them howl like the dog, and go round about the city. Let 
them wander up and down for meat, and pass the night although not 

16 satisfied. But I will sing of thy power; yea, I will shout on account 
of thy mercy in the morning : for thou hast been a defence and 

17 refuge unto me in the day of my trouble. Unto thee, O my strength, 
will I sing : for God is my defence, and the God of my mercy. 

Psalm lx. — To the Director over Shushaneduth, Michtam unto 
David, to teach ; when he strove with the Syrians of Mesopotamia 
and with the Syrians of Zobah, when Joab returned, and smote of 

1 Edom in the valley of salt twelve thousand. — O God, thou hast cast 
us off, thou hast burst forth upon us, thou hast been angry; restore 

2 us. Thou hast made the earth to quake ; thou hast broken it : heal 

3 the breaches thereof, for it tottereth. Thou hast shown thy 
people hard things : thou hast made us to drink wine of reeling. 

4 Thou hast given an ensign to them that fear thee, that it may be 

5 lifted up because of truth. Selah. That thy beloved may 

6 be rescued ; save with thy right hand, and answer me. God hath 
spoken in his holiness ; I will exult, I will divide Shechem, and 

7 mete out the valley of Succoth. Gilead is mine, and Manasseh is 
mine ; Ephraim also is the strength of my head ; Judah is my law- 

8 giver; Moab is my washpot; on Edom will I cast out my shoe : 

9 Philistia, triumph thou because of me. Who will bring me into a 

10 fortified city ? who will lead me into Edom ? Not thou, O God, 
who hast cast us off ? and wilt thou, O God, not go out with our 

11 hosts? Give us help from trouble: for vain is the help of man. 

12 Through God we shall do valiantly :- for he it is who shall tread 
down our enemies. 

^ towards me. ^ force. 


Psalm lxi. — To the Director of stringed instruments, unto 

I 2 David. — Hear my cry, O God ; attend unto my prayer. From 

the extremity of the earth will I cry unto thee, when my heart 

3 languisheth; lead me to a rock that is higher than I. For thou hast 

4 been a shelter for me, and a tower of strength from an enemy. I will 
sojourn in thy tent for ever : I will shelter myself in the covert of 

5 thy wings. Selah. For thou, O God, hast heard my vows : thou 

6 hast given me the heritage of those that fear thy name. Thou wilt 

7 add days to the king's days : to his years as many generations. He 
shall abide before God for ever: O prepare mercy and truth, which 

8 may preseive him. So will I sing praise unto thy name for ever, 
that I may daily perform' my vows. 

Psalm lxil — To the Director over Jeduthun, a Psalm unto David. 

1 — Only upon God my soul waiteth : from him cometh my salvation. 

2 He only is my rock and my salvation ; he is my defence ; I shall not 

3 greatly totter. How long will ye imagine mischief against a man ? 
will all of ye break down like a bent wall, a fence that is thrown down? 

4 They only consult to cast him down from his excellency : they are 
pleased with falsehoods: they bless with their mouth, but they execrate 

5 inwardly. Selah. My soul, wait thou only upon God ; for my hope 

6 is from him. He only is my rock and my salvation : he is my de- 

7 fence ; I shall not totter. With God is my salvation and my glory : 

8 the rock of my strength, and my refuge is in God. Trust in him at 
all times ; ye people, pour out your heart before him : God /s a 

9 refuge for us. Selah. Surely men of low degree are vanity, and men 
of a high degree are a falsehood, to be all together raised in a balance 

10 by a breath. Trust not in oppression, and become not vain in rob- 

11 bery ; if riches- increase, set not your heart upon them. God hath 
spoken once ; twice have I heard this ; that power belongeth unto God. 

12 Also unto thee, O Eternal, belongeth mercy; for thou repayeth to 
every man according to his work. 

Psalm lxiil— A Psalm unto David, when he was in the desert of 

1 Judah. — O God, thou art my God ; early will I seek thee : my soul 
thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a parched land and 

2 languishing where no water is. To contemplate thy power and thy 

3 glory, so as I have seen thee in the sanctuary. For thy mercy is 

4 better than life, my lips shall praise thee. Thus will I bless thee 

5 while I live, I will lift up my hands in thy name. My soul shall be 
satisfied as ivitli marrow and fatness ; and my mouth shall praise thee 

6 with jubilant lips : When I remember thee upon my couch, and 

7 mediate on thee in the night watches. Because thou hast been my 


repay. * force. 


8 help, therefore in the shadow of thy wings will I shout. My soul 

9 followeth close after thee, thy right hand upholdeth me. But those 
that seek my soul for destruction shall go into the lower parts of the 

10 earth. He will deliver them over to the sword : they shall be a por- 

11 tion for jackals. But the King shall rejoice in God ; every one that 
sweareth by him shall glory : but the mouth of them that speak lies 
shall be closed. 

1 Psalm lxiv. — To the Director, a Psalm unto David. — Hear my voice, 
O God, in my lamentation : preserve my life from dread of an 

2 enemy. Screen me from the band of evil doers ; from the insurrec 

3 tion of workers of iniquity : Who whet their tongue like the sword, 

4 and bend their bow^ to a bitter word : That they may shoot in secret 

5 at the perfect : suddenly do they shoot at him, and fear not. They 
encourage themselves in an evil matter : they commune of laying 

6 snares privily ; they say, Who shall see them ? They search out 
iniquities, saying, We have accomplished a diligent search, even man's 

7 inward and deep heart. Then God shot at them with an arrow ; 

8 suddenly were they M'ounded. So their own tongue was made to 
fall- upon themselves : all that see them shall shake their heads.^ 

9 And all men feared, and declared the work of God, and they 
10 wisely considered his doing. TJie righteous shall be glad in the 

Eternal, and shall trust in him ; and all the upright in heart shall 

1 Psalm lxv. — To the Director, a Psalm unto David, a Song. — Unto 
thee silence is praise, O God, in Sion : and unto thee shall a vow be 

2 performed. O thou that hearest prayer, unto thee shall all flesh come. 

3 Matters of iniquity prevail against me : as for our transgression, 

4 thou shalt expiate them. O happniess of him whom thou choosest, 
and causest to approach unto thee, that he may dwell in thy 
enclosures : we shall be satisfied with the goodness of thy house, 

5 holiness of thy temple. Fearful things in righteousness thou 
wilt give us as answer, O God of our salvation, trust of all the 
uttermost parts of the earth, of the sea, and those afar off. 

6 Who by his strength establisheth mountains • being g'irded with 

7 power : Who stilleth the roar of the seas, the roar of their 

8 weaves, and the tumult of races. They also that dwell in the utter- 
most parts are afraid at thy signs : thou makest the outgoings of the 

9 morning and evening to shout. Thou visitest the earth, and 
waterest it : thou greatly enrichest it, the brook of God is full of 

10 water : thou preparest them corn, for thus wilt thou provide it. Water 
the ridges thereof abundantly : press down the furrows thereof: thou 

11 makest it soft with showers: thou blessest the growth thereof. 
Thou crownest the year by thy goodness; and thy paths drop 

12 fatness. They drop upon the pasturages of a desert, and hills gird on 

13 exultation. The flock clotheth pastures ; and deep valleys wrap 
themselves in corn ; they shout for joy, they also sing. 

1 arrow. - stumble. ^ themselves. 


1 Psalm lxvi. — To the Director, a Song and Psalm. — Shout ye unto 

2 God, all ye lands : Sing forth the honour of his name : make his 

3 praise an honour. Say unto God, How terrible thy works ! through 
the greatness of thy might shall thine enemies dissemble unto 

4 thee. All the lands shall prostrate themselves before thee, and shall 

5 sing unto thee ; they shall sing to thy name. Selah. Go and see 
the operations of God : he is terrible in his doings towards the children 

6 of men. He turned the sea into dry land : they went through 

7 the river on foot: there did we rejoice in him. He ruleth by 
his power for ever; his eyes watch the nations : let not the re- 

8 bellious e^alt themselves. Selah. O bless our God, ye peoples, 

9 and make the voice of his praise to be heard : Who holdeth our 

10 soul among the living, and suifereth' not our feet to totter. For 
thou, O God, hast proved us ; thou hast refined us, as the 

1 1 refining of silver. Thou broughtest us into the hold ; thou 
laidest afiliction upon our loins. Thou hast caused the low to 

12 ride over our heads ; we went through the fire and through the 

13 water; but thou broughtest us out to the abundance. I will 
go into thy house with burnt oiFerings : 1 will pay thee my vows, 

14 Which my lips have uttered,^' and my mouth has spoken, when 1 was 

15 in the distress. I will ofter unto thee burnt sacrifices of fatlings, with 

16 incense of rams ; I will ofFer^ bullocks with goats. Selah. Come 
and hear, and I will relate, all ye that fear God, what he hath done 

17 for my soul. I cried uuto him with my mouth, and exaltation was 

18 under my tongue. Did I see iniquity in my heart, the Lord 

19 would not hear me: But verily God hath heard me; he hath 

20 attended to the voice of my prayer. Blessed be God, who hath not 
turned away my prayer, nor his mercy from me. 

Psalm lxvii. — To the Director of Stringed Instruments, A Psalm 

1 and Song. God will be gracious unto us, and bless us; and cause his 

2 face to shine viponus; Selah. That thy way may be known upon earth, 

3 thy salvation among all nations. Let peoples acknowledge thee, O 

4 God ; let all peoples acknowledge thee. Let races rejoice and shout: 
for thou shalt judge peoples righteously, and guide races upon earth. 

5 Selah. Let peoples acknowledge thee, O God; let all peoples 

6 acknowledge thee, Then shall the earth give its produce; and God, 

7 even our God, shall bless us. God shall bless us ; and all the ends 
of the earth shall fear him. 

Psalm lxviii. — To the chief Musician, to David, a Psalm and 

1 Song. — Let God arise, let his enemies be scattered : let them also 

2 that hate him llee before him. As smoke is driven away, so drive 

gave. * opened wide. ' make. 


them away : as the melting of wax before fire, so let wicked ones 

3 perish at the presence of God. But let righteous ones rejoice ; 
let them exult before God : yea, let them be jubilant in rejoicing. 

4 Sing unto God, sing praises to his name ; pave a way for him 
that rideth in the clouds; in J AH, his name, rejoice and exult 

5 before him, A father of the fatherless, and a pleader for 

6 widows, God in his holy habitation. God settleth the lonely in 
houses : bringeth out those bound to prosperity ; but the rebellious 

7 dwell in a dry land. O God, when thou wentest forth "before thy 

8 people, when thou didst march through the waste ; Selah : The earth 
shook, the heavens also dropped at the presence of God: Sinai itself at 

9 the presence of God, the God of Israel. Showers of abundance' thou, 
O God, didst send about f thine inheritance, when weary, thou didst 

10 establish. Thy band hath dwelt therein : thou, O God, hast 

1 1 prepared it in thy goodness for the poor. The Lord gave the word : 

12 numerous loas the host of tiding bringers. Kings of hosts did flee 

13 apace: and the fair one of the house divided the spoil. When you lie 
between the folds, ye are like wings of a dove covered with 

14 silver, and her pinions with yellow gold. When the Almighty 

15 spread abroad kings in it, it was snowy as in Salmon, As in the moun- 
tain of God the mountain of Bashan ; a mountain of summits the 

16 mountain of Bashan. Wherefore do ye look sullenly, moun- 
tains of summits, upon the mountain which God desireth to 

17 dwell in, yea, upon which the Eternal will dwell for ever ? . The 
chariots of God are two myriads, a thousand time thousands : the 

18 Lord is among them, as Sinai, among the holy places. Thou 
wentest up the height, thou capturedst captives : thou receivedst 
gifts in men ; yea, rebellious ones also,' to settle them. Eternal 

19 God. Blessed he the Eternal ; day by day God loadeth upon us 

20 our salvation. Selah. The God is unto us a God of salvation ; 

21 and imto the Eternal Lord belong issues from the death. But 
God shall pierce the head of his enemies, and the hairy scalp of 

22 him that goeth on still in his guilt. The Lord said, I bring back 

23 from Bashan, I bring back from the depths of the sea: That thy 
foot may pierce through blood, and the tongue of thy dogs have its 

24 share ot enemies. They have seen thy marches, O God ; even the 

25 marches of my God, my King, in the sanctuary. Singers went 
before, players on stringed instruments followed after ; in the midst 

26 of damsels playing with timbrels. Bless ye God in companies, even 

27 the Lord, ye of the fountain of Israel. There is Benjamin, the 
' youngest leads them, the officers of Judah, in their variegated gar- 

28 ments, officers of Zebulun, officers of Naphtali. Thy God hath 

free will, ^ wave. 


commanded thy strength : strengthen, O God, that which thou hast 

29 wrought for us, From thy temple over Jerusalem, Where Kings bring 

30 presents unto thee. Rebuke the beast of the reed, the multitude of 
bulls, among the calves of peoples, him that lets himself trample 

31 down for pieces of silver ; he scattereth people eager for fights. Mag- 
nates come out of Egypt ; Cush hasteneth to extend her hands unto 

32 God. Sing unto God, ye kingdoms of the earth ; O sing praises 

33 unto the Lord ; Selah : To him that rideth upon the heavens of 
heavens, which tcere of old ; lo, he doth send out his voice, a voice 

34 of might. Ascribe ye might unto God : his excellency is over Israel, 

35 and his might is in the sky. O God, thou art terrible out of thy 
sanctuaries : the God of Israel is he that giveth might and power 
unto his people. Blessed be God. 

1 Psalm r.xix. — To the Director of Shoshanim, unto David, — Save 

2 me, O God ; for the waters are come in unto my soul. I sink in deep 
mire, where there is no standing : I am come into deep waters, 

3 where the floods overflow me. I am weary of my crying : my throat 

4 is parched : mine eyes fail while I wait for my God. They that hate 
me without a cause are more than the hairs of my head : they that 
would destroy me, bei?fg mine enemies through lies, are mighty : 

5 then must I restore that which I took not violently. O God, thou 
knowest my foolishness ; and my trespasses are not hid from thee. 

6 Let not them that wait on thee, O Lord Eternal of hosts, be ashamed 
in me : let not those that seek thee be confounded in me, O God of 

7 Israel. Because for thy sake I have borne disgrace ; confusion hath 

8 covered my face. I am become estranged from my brethren, and an 

9 alien unto my mother's children. For the zeal of thy house hath eaten 
me up ; and the disgrace of them that reproached^ thee is fallen upon 

10 me. And my soul wept in the fast, and it became a disgrace unto 

11 me. I made sackcloth also my garment ; and I became a proverb to 

12 them. They that sit in the gate talk against me; and I tvas the 

13 song of the drunkards. But as for me, my prayer is unto thee, O 
Eternal, in an acceptable time : O God, in the multitude of thy 

14 mercy answer me, in the truth of thy salvation. Deliver me out of 
mire, and let me not sink : let me be delivered from them that hate 

15 me, and out of deep waters. Let not the waterflood overflow me, 
neither let the deep swallow me up, and let not a pit^ shut her mouth 

16 upon me Answer me, O Eternal, for thy mercy is good : turn unto 

17 me according to the multitude of thy compassion. And screen not 
thy face from thy servant; for I am in distress : hasten, answer me. 

18 Draw nigh unto my soul, and redeem it : deliver me because of mine 

19 enemies. Thou hast known my disgrace, and my shame, and my 

disgraced. ' well. 


20 confusion : mine adversaries are all before thee. Disgrace hath 
broken my heart ; and T am sick : and I looked for some to take 
pity, but there were none ; and for comforters, but I found none. 

21 In my refreshment they put poisonous herb; and in my thirst they 

22 gave me vinegar to drink. Let their table become a snare before 

23 them ; and to the peaceful a trap. Let their eyes be darkened, that 

24 they see not ; and make their loins continually to shake. Pour out 
thine indignation upon them, and let thy burning wrath overtake 

25 them. Let their castles be desolate : and let none dwell in their 

26 tents. For they persecute him whom thou hast smitten ; and they 

27 talk of the pain of those whom thou hast pierced. Add^ iniquity 
unto their iniquity : and let them not come into thy righteousness. 

28 Let them be blotted out of the book of life, and not be written with 

29 the righteous. But I am poor and sorrowful : let thy salvation, O 

30 God, set me up on high. I will praise the name of God with a song, 

31 and will magnify him with thanksgiving. This also shall please the 
Eternal better than an ox or bullock that is horned and c'oven 

32 hoofed. The humble shall see this, and be glad : and your heart 

33 shall live that seek God. For the Eternal heareth the needy, and 

34 scorneth not his fettered ones. Let heaven and earth praise him, 

35 seas, and everything that creepeth therein. For God will save Zion, 
and will build the cities of Judah : that they may abide there, and 

36 have it in possession. The seed also of his servants shall inherit it ; 
and they that love his name shall dwell therein. 

Psalm lxx. — To the director, to David, to bring to remembrance. — 

1 Be pleased, O Eternal, to deliver me : O Eternal, make haste to help 

2 me. Let them be ashamed and turn pale together that seek after my 
soul to destroy it ; let them be driven backward and confounded that 

3 wish me evil. Let them be turned back in consequenceof their shame 

4 that say unto me, Aha, aha. Let all those that seek thee rejoice and 
be glad in thee : let such as love thy salvation say continually. The 

5 Eternal be magnified. But T am poor and needy; O God 
make haste to me : thou art my help and my rescuer ; delay not, O 
my God. 

Psalm lxxi. — In thee, O Eternal, do I trust : let me never be put to 

2 shame. Deliver me in thy righteousness, and rescue me : incline 

3 thine ear unto me, and save me. Be thou my rock residence, where- 
unto I may continually resort : which thou hast appointed to save 

4 me ; for thou art my rock and my stronghold. Rescue me, O my 
God, out of the hand of the wicked, out of the hand of the 

.5 unrighteous and violent. For thou art my hope, O Lord Eternal : 

f) thou art my trust from my youth. By thee have I been holden 

up from the belly : thou art he that took me out of my mother's 

7 bowels : my praise shall be continually of thee. I am as a 

8 wonder unto many; but thou art my refuge of might. Let my 

^ give. 


mouth be filled tvith thy praise and with thy glory all the day. 
9 Cast me not off in the time of old age ; forsake me not when my 

10 strength faileth. For mine enemies speak against me ; and they that 

1 1 watch for my soul take counsel together. Saying, God hath forsaken 

12 him ; pursue and seize him ; for there is none to deliver him. O 

13 God, be not far from me : O my God, make haste for my help. Let 
them be ashamed and consumed that are adversaries to my soul ; let 

14 them be wrapped in disgrace and confusion that seek my hurt. But 

15 I will hope continually, and will yet praise thee more and more. My 
mouth shdll declare thy righteousness and thy salvation all the day ; 

16 for I knew not the numbers thereof. I will come in the strength of 
the Lord Eternal : I will make mention of thy righteousness, even 

17 of thine only. O God, thou hast taught me from my youth and 

18 until now have I declared thy wondrous works. Now also when I am 
old and greyheaded, O God, forsake me not ; until I have declared thy 
strength unto this generation, and thy power to every one that is to 

19 come Thy righteousness also, O God, is very high, who hast done 

20 great things : O God, who is like unto thee ? Thou, who hast shewed 
me great and sore troubles, shalt quicken me again, and shalt bring 

21 me up again from the depths of the earth. Thou shalt in- 

22 crease my greatness, be turned and comfort me. I will also 
thank thee with the psaltery, /or thy truth, O my God: thee will 

23 I hymn with the harp, O thou Holy One of Israel. My lips shall 
shout when I hymn thee ; and my soul, which thou hast released. 

24 My tongue also shall talk of thy righteousness all the day long : for 
they are ashamed, for they are confounded, that seek my hurt. 

1 Psalm lxxii, — Unto Solomon. — Give the king thy judgments, O 

2 God, and thy righteousness unto the king's son. He shall pronounce 
judgment on thy people with righteousness, and thy poor with justice. 

3 Mountains shall carry peace to the people, and hills, with righteous- 

4 ness. He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children 

5 of the needy, and shall crush the oppressor. They shall fear thee 

6 as long as the sun and moon endure throughout all generations. He 
shall come down like the rain upon mown grass : as heave showers that 

7 water the earth. In his day shall the righteous flourish; and abundance 

8 of peace, until there be no moon. He shall have dominion also 

9 from sea to sea, and from the fiver unto the ends of the earth. Be- 
fore him the tenants of deserts shall kneel down; and his ene- 

10 mies shall lick the dust. The kings of Tarshish and of maritime 
settlements shall bring gifts : the kings of Sheba and Seba shall 

11 offer presents. Yea, all kings shall prostrate themselves before him : 

12 all nations shall serve him. For he shall deliver the needy when 

13 he crieth for help ; the poor also, and him that hath no helper. He 
shall Sparc the indigent and needy, and shall save the souls of the 



14 needy. He shall redeem their soul from deceit and violence : and 

15 precious shall their blood be in his eyes. And he shall live^ and to 
him shall be given of the gold of Sheba : prayer also shall be made 

16 for him continually; and daily shall he be blessed. There shall be 
abundance of corn in the earth, even upon the top of mountains ; the 
fruit thereof shall shake like the Lebanon : and they of the city shall 

17 bud forth like grass of the earth. His name shall endure for ever: 
his name shall flourish before the sun : that they bless themselves 

18 with it, and all nations declare it happy. Blessed be the Eternal 

19 God, the God of Israel, who only doeth wondrous things. And 
blessed be his glorious name for ever : and let the whole earth be 

20 filled with his glory; Amen, and Amen. The prayers of David the 
son of Jesse are ended. 

1 Psalm lxxiii. — A Psalm unto Asaph. — Truly God is good to 

2 Israel, even to such as are of a pure heart. But as for me, my feet 

3 were almost gone;^ my steps had well nigh slipped.^ For I was 

4 envious of boasters, when I saw the prosperity^ of the wicked. For 
they have no pangs to their very death, and their strength is firm. 

5 They are not in trouble as other persons ; neither are they plagued 
G like other men. Therefore is pride their necklace ; violence covereth 

7 them as a garment. Their eyes stand out with fatness ; pass beyond 

8 the imaginings of the heart. They mock, and speak wickedly con- 

9 cerning oppression: they speak loftily. They set their mouth in the 

10 heavens, and their tongue walketh through the earth. Therefore 
his people return hither : and waters in abundance are wrung out 

11 to them. And they say. How doth God know ? and is there know- 

12 ledge in the most High ? Behold, these wicked ones, ever prosperous, 

13 attain riches.'^ Verily I have cleansed my heart in vain, and washed* 

14 my hands in innocency. For all the day long have I been plagued, 

15 and my chastisement came every morning. If I say I will speak'^ 
like them; behold, I should be treacherous to the generation 

16 of thy children. When I thought to know this, it was vain trouble 

17 in my eyes; Until I came into the sanctuaries of God, and consi- 

18 dered their end.'' Surely thou didst set them in slippery places : 

19 thou castedst them down into destruction. How are they brought 
into desolation, as in a moment ! they are utterly consumed with 

20 terrors. As a dream when one awaketh; 50, O Lord, in awaking, 

21 thou shalt despise their image. For my heart was in an uproar, and 

22 I was pricked in my reins, When I was foolish and ignorant; was 

23 as a beast before thee. Nevertheless, I am continually with thee : 

24 thou hast laid hold of me by my right hand. Thou shalt guide me 

25 with thy counsel, and afterward receive me to glory. Whom have I 
in heaven but thee ? and there is none upon earth that I desire 

Mnclined. = shed. ^ \,e;ice. * force. Mavcd. « relate. ''remoteness. 


2C beside thee. My flesh and my heart faileth : but God is the strength^ 

27 of my heart, and my portion for ever. For, lo, they that are far 
from thee shall perish : thou hast destroyed all them that go a 

28 whoring from thee. But as for me, the vicinity of God is good for 
me : I have put my trust in the Lord Eternal, that I may declare all 
thy works. 

1 Psalm lxxiv. — Maschil unto Asaph. — O God, Wherefore hast thou 
cast us off for ever ? ich7j doth thy wrath smoke against the flock of 

2 thy pasture ? Remember thy congregation, which thou hast acquired 
of old, the rod of thine inheritance, which thou hast redeemed, this 

3 mount Zion, wherein thou hast dwelt. Lift up thy steps unto the 
perpetual desolations ; even all that the enemy hath done wickedly 

4 in the sanctuary. Thine adversaries roar in the midst of thy ap- 

5 pointed place ; they set up their signsyor signs. He is prominently 

6 knovA'n, like him that carried axes among the thicket trees. But 
now they shatter the carvings thereof at once with hatchets and 

7 hammers. They have set thy sanctuary on fire, they have defiled 

8 hy casting doipn the dwelling place of thy name to the ground.- They 
said in their hearts. Let us depress them together : they have burned 

9 up all appointed places of God in the land. We see not our signs : 
there is no more any prophet : neither is there among us any that 

10 knoweth until when.^ How long, O God, shall the adversary re- 

11 proach^ ? shall the enemy scorn thy name for ever? Wherefore 
withdrawest thou thy hand, even thy right hand ? pluck it out of 

12 thy bosom, consume them. For God is my King of old, effecting 

13 deliveradces in the midst of the earth. Thou didst eleave the sea 
by thy might : thou breakest the heads of huge creatures in the 

14 waters. Thou brakest the heads of leviathans, and gavest it to 

15 be meat to people tenants of the desert. Thou didst cleave fountain 

16 and brook : thou driedst up perennial rivers. The day is thine, the 

17 night also i.9 thine : thou hast prepared /Ae luminary and sun. Thou 
hast set all boundaries of the earth : thou hast formed summer and 

18 winter. Remember th'iS', that the enemy hath reproached,'' O Eternal, 

19 and that a base people have scorned thy name. O give not the soul 
of thy turtle-dove unto a beast : forget not the life of thy poor for 

20 ever. Look at the covenant : for the dark places of the earth are full 

21 of habitations of violence. O let not the crushed return confounded : 

22 let the poor and needy praise thy name. Arise, O God, plead thine 

23 own cause : remember thy reviling* by the base the whole day. 
Forget not the voice of thine adversaries : the tumult of those that rise 
up against thee ascendeth continually. 

Psalm lxxv. — To the director Al-taschith, A Psalm ; unto Asaph 

1 a Song. — Unto thee, O God, do we give thanks, unto thee do we give 

2 thanks: for thy name isjnear, thy wondrous works they declare. When 

3 I shall occupy" the appointed place I will judge uprightly. The earth 
and all the inhabitants thereof are dissolved : yet I bear up the pil- 

4 lars of it. Selah. I said unto the boasters. Boast not : and to the 

5 wicked, lift not up the horn : Lift not up your horn on high : 

' ' crag. ^ earth. ' what. ^ disgrace. ^ disgraced. " lake. 


6 speak not icith a stiff neck. For elevation cometh neither from 

7 the east, nor from the west, nor from the south. But God is judge : 

8 he lowereth one, and raiseth another. For in the hand of the 
Eternal there is a cup, and the wine foameth ; it is full of mixture ; 
and he poureth out of the same : but the dregs thereof, all the wicked 

9 of the earth shall wring them out, and drink them. But I will tell 
10 for ever ; I will hymn the God of Jacob. All the horns of the 

wicked also will I beat oflF; but the horns of the righteous shall be 

Psalm lxxvi. — To the director of stringed instruments, a 

2 Psalm unto Asaph, a Song. — In Judah is God known : his 
name zs great in Israel. In Salem also is his tabernacle,^ and his 

3 dwelling place in Zion. There brake he in pieces the arrows^ 

4 of the bow, shield, and sword, and war. Selah. Thou art re- 

5 splendent atid mighty, coming from mountains of prey. The 
stout-hearted are spoiled, they have slumbered their sleep : and none 

6 of the men of force have found their hands. At thy rebuke, O God 

7 of Jacob, both chariot and horse are stupified. Thou, even thou, 
art terrible : and who may stand before thee when once thy wrath is 

8 kindled. Thou didst cause the sentence to be heard from heaven; 

9 the earth feared, and was still. When God arose to judgment, to 

10 save all the meek of the earth. Selah. Surely the fury of man shall 

11 acknowledge thee : the remainder of fury thou girdest on. Vow, and 
pay unto the Eternal your God : let all that are round about him 

12 bring presents unto him that ought to be feared. He shall cut off 
the spirit of leaders : he is terrible to the kings of the earth. 

Psalm lxxvii. — To the Director of Jeduthun, unto Asaph, a Psalm. 

1 — My voice riseth unto God, and I cry ; my voice unto God, oh 

2 give ear unto me. In the day of my trouble I inquired after the 
Lord : my hand was stretched out^ in the night, and grew not 

3 fatigued :* my soul refused to be comforted. I remember God, and 

4 groan : I meditate, and my spirit languisheth. Selah. Thou 

5 layest hold of my eye-lids : I am disquieted and I cannot speak. I 

6 have considered the days of old, the years of ancient times. I re- 
member my song-'^ in the night : I meditate in my heart : and my 

7 spirit made diligent search. Will the Lord cast off for ever ? and 

8 will he be favourable no more ? Is his mercy clean gone for ever ? 

9 doth his promise fail for all ages ? Hath God forgotten to be gra- 

10 cious ? hath he in wrath shut up his compassion ? Selah. And I 
said. Let it be my supplication, change is in the right hand of the 

11 most High. I will remember the works of the Eternal ; when I 

13 remember thy wonders of old. Consider also of all thy work, and 

13 meditate thy doings, / say : Thy way, O God, is in the sanctuary : 

14 who is so great as God as our God ? Thou art the God that doest 

^ booth. 2 burning beat. * poured fortb. * cold. 5 stringed instrument. 


15 wonders : thou hast made known thy might among the peoples. Thou 
hast with thine arm redeemed thy people, the sons of Jacob and 

16 Joseph. Selah. The waters saw thee, O God, the waters 

17 saw thee ; they writhed, the depths also were agitated. Thick clouds 
poured out floods of water : the skies sent out a sound •} thine arrows 

18 also went about. The voice of thy thunder was in the whirlwind : 
lightnings lightened the world : the earth was agitated and quaked. 

19 Thy way is in the sea, and thy path in the great waters, and thy foot- 

20 steps are not known. Thou leddest thy people like the flock by the 
hand of Moses and Aaron. 

1 Psalm lxxviii. — Maschil unto Asaph. — Give ear, O my people, to 

2 my law : incline your ears to the words of my mouth. I will open 

3 my mouth in a parable : I will utter subtle sayings of old : Which 

4 we have heard and known, and our fathers have related to us. We 
will not withhold them from their children, relating to a remote age 
the praises of the Eternal, and his might, and his wonderful works 

5 that he hath done. For he established a testimony in Jacob, 
and appointed a law in Israel, which he commanded our fa- 

6 thers, that they should make them known to their children : 
That a remote age might know them, even children to be 

7 born ; who should arise and relate them to their children : That 
they might set their hope in God, and not forget the works of God, 

8 but keep his commandments : And might not be astheir fathers, 
a refractory and rebellious generation, a generation that prepared 

9 not their heart, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God. The 
children ofEphraim, /e^e arrayed archers that iuvnedi back in the day 

10 of encounter. Kept not the covenant of God, and refused to walk in 

1 1 his law ; And forgot his works, and his wonders that he had shewed 

12 them. Marvellous things did he in the sight of his fathers, in 

13 the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan. He divided the sea, and 
caused them to pass through ; and he made the waters to stand as a 

14 mound. In the day time also he led them with the cloud, and all 

15 the night with a light of fire. He clave crags in the desert, and gave 

16 them abundant drink as out of great depths. He brought 
liquids also out of a rock, and caused waters to run down like the 

17 rivers. And yet they continued to sin against him by rebelling 

18 against the most High in the drought. And they tried God in their 

19 heart by asking meat for their lust.^ Yea, they spake against God ; 

20 they said. Can God furnish^ a table in the desert ? J>ehold, he smote 
a crag, and waters flowed, and brooks overflowed; can he give 

21 bread also.? can he provide flesh for his people? Therefore the 
Eternal heard this, and was indignant : so a fire was kindled against 

22 Jacob, and wrath also came up against Israel ; Because they believed 

23 not in God, and trusted not in his salvation : Although he had com- 

' gave a voice. ^ goul. ^ array. 


24 manded the skies from above, and opened the doors of heaven. And 
had rained down manna upon them to eat, and had given of 

25 the corn of heaven. Bread of nobles did man eat : he sent 

26 them provisions to the full. He caused an east wind to blow^ 
in the heaven : and by his might he brought in a south wind. 

27 He rained flesh also upon them as the dust, and winged fowls 

28 like as the sand of seas. And he let it fall in the midst of 

29 their camp, round about their habitations. So they did eat, and 

30 were well satisfied : for he gave^ them their own lust. They were 
not estranged from their lust, while their meat was yet in their 

31 mouths, The wrath of God came upon them, and slew of the fattest 

32 of them, and cast upon their knees the youths of Israel. For all this 

33 they sinned still, and believed not in his wondrous works. There- 
fore their days did he consume m vanity, and their years in terror. 

34 When he slew them, then they sought him: and they returned 

35 and inquired early after God. And they remembered that God was 

36 their rock, and the most high God their redeemer. Nevertheless 
they did flatter^ him with their mouth, and they lied unto him with 

37 their tongues. For their heart was not right with him, neither were 

38 they steadfast in his covenant. But he, being full of compassion, 
forgave* their iniquity, and destroyed them not : yea, many a time 

39 turned he his wrath away, and did not stir up all his fury. For he 
remembered that they were but flesh ; a wind that passeth away, and 

40 Cometh not again. How oft did they rebel against him in the 

41 desert, and grieve him in the waste ! Yea, they turned back and 

42 tried God, and limited the Holy One of Israel. They remembered 
not his hand, nor the day when he released them from the adver- 

43 sary, How he had wrought'^ his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in 

44 the field of Zoan : And had turned their rivers into blood ; and 

45 their liquids, that they could not drink. He sent insects among them, 

46 which devoured them ; and frogs, which destroyed them. He gave 
also their produce under the caterpiller, and their labour unto the 

47 locust. He destroyed^ their vines with the hail, and their sycomore 

48 trees with frost. He gave up their pasture also to the hail, and their 

49 cattle to hot thunderbolts. He cast upon them the fierceness of his 
anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble, a band of evil angels. 

50 He levelled a path, for his wrath ; he withheld not their soul 

51 from death, but gave their life over to the pestilence ; And smote 
every firstborn in Egypt ; the chiefs of their strength in the tents of 

52 Ham : But made his own people to go forth like the flock, and 

53 guided them in the desert like the drove. And he led them on safely, 

54 so that they dreaded not : but the sea covered their enemies. And 
he brought them to the boundary of his sanctuary, even to this moun- 

55 tain, which his right hand had acquired. And he drove out nations 
before them, and divided^ them an inheritance by line, and made the 

56 tribes of Israel to dwell in their tents. Yet they tried and pro- 

57 voked the most high God, and kept not his testimonies : But re- 
ceded, and dealt unfaithfully like their fathers : they were turned 

^ journey. - brought. ^ persuade. * expiated. * put. ^ killed. ' beginning. 

8 caused to fall. 


58 aside like a deceitful bow. For they provoked him to anger with 
their high places, and moved him to jealousy with their graven 

59 images. When God heard this, he was wroth, and greatly scorned 

60 Israel. So that he forsook the tent of Shiloh, the tent in which he 

61 took his residence among men ; And delivered his might into the 

62 captivity, and his glory into an adversary's hand. He gave his people 

63 over also to the sword : and was wroth with his inheritance. Fire 
consumed their youths; and their maidens were not given to marriage.^ 

64 Their priests fell by the sword; and their widows did not weep. 

65 Then the Lord awaked as one out of sleep, and like a hero that 
shouteth b^ reason of wine. And he beat his adversaries back : he 

07 made them a perpetual disgrace. Moreover he rejected the tent of 
Joseph, and chose not the tribe of Ephraim : But chose the tribe 

69 of Judah, the mount Zion which he loved. And he built his sanc- 
tuary like high palaces, like the earth which he hath founded for ever. 

70 He chose David also his servant, and took him from sheepfolds : 

71 From behind milch ewes he brovight him to feed Jacob his people, 

72 and Israel his inheritance. So he fed them according to the in- 
tegrity of his heart ; and guided them by the skilfulness of his hands. 

1 Psalm lxxix. — A Psalm unto Asaph. — O God, nations are come 
into thine inheritance ; the temple of thy sanctuary have they defiled ; 

2 they have laid Jerusalem on heaps. The dead bodies^ of thy servants 
have they given to be food unto the fowls of the heaven, the flesh of 

3 thy saints unto the animals of the earth. Their blood have they shed 
like the water round about Jerusalem ; and there ivas none to bury 

" 4 them. We are become a reproach^ to our neighbours, a scorn and 

5 derision to them that are round about us. How long, Eternal, wilt 

6 thou altogether be angry ? shall thy zeal burn like fire ? Pour out 
thy fury upon the nations that have not known thee, and upon king- 

7 doms that have not called upon. thy name. For they have devoured 

8 Jacob, and laid waste his dwelling place. O remember not against 
us former iniquities : hasten, let thy compassion anticipate us : for we 

9 are brought very low. Help us, O God of our salvation, for the 
glory of thy name : and deliver us, and expiate our sins, for thy 

10 name's sake. Wherefore should the nations say. Where is their 
God ? let him be known among the nations before our eyes btj the 

11 revenging of the blood of thy servants ivhich is shed. Let the 
groaning of the prisoner come before thee; according to the greatness 

12 of thy arm preserve* thou those that are appointed to die; And 
render unto our neighbours sevenfold into their bosom their revile- 

13 ment, wherewith they have reviled thee, O Lord. So we tliy people 
and flock of thy pasture will give thee thanks for ever: we will declare 
thy praise from generation to generation. ^ 

raised. ^ tarrion. ^ disgrace. ^ let remain. 


Psalm lxxx. — To the director of Shoshannim-Eduth, unto 

1 Asaph, a Psalm. — Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest 
Joseph like the flock ; thou that dwellest between the cherubim, 

2 shine forth. Before Ephraim and Benjamin and Manasseh stir up 

3 thy strength, and come and save us. Turn us again, O God, and 

4 cause thy face to shine ; and we shall be saved. O Eternal God of 
hosts, how long wilt thou be angry^ against the prayer of thy people ? 

5 Thou feedest them with the bread of tears ; and givest them tears to 

6 drink in great measure. Thou makest us a strife unto our neigh- 

7 hours : and our enemies mock among themselves. Turn us again, 
O God of hosts, and cause thy face to shine ; and we shall be saved. 

8 Thou hast brought a vine out of Egypt : thou hast driven out the 

9 nations, and planted it. Thou clearedst room before it, and didst cause 

10 it to take root, and it filled the land. Mountains were covered with the 

1 1 shadow of it, and the boughs thereof were like cedars of God. She 
sent out her branches unto the sea, and her twigs^ unto the river. 

12 Why hast thou then broken down her fences, so that all they who 

13 pass by the way do pluck her ? The boar out of the wood does waste 

14 it, and the wild beast of the field doth feed upon it. Return, pray, 
O God of hosts : look down from heaven, and behold, and bear in 

15 mind this vino; And the vineyard which they right hand hath 

16 planted, and the branch^ that thou madest strong for thyself. It is 
burned with fire, it is cut down : they perish at the rebuke of they 

17 countenance. Let thy hand be upon the man of thy right hand, 

18 upon the son of man lohom thou madest strong for thyself. So will 
not we recede from thee : quicken us, and we call upon thy name. 

19 Turn us again, O Eternal God of hosts, cause thy face to shine ; and 
we shall be saved. 

Psalm lxxxi. — To the Director of the Gittith, unto Asaph. — 

1 Sing aloud unto God our might : make a joyful noise unto the God 

2 of Jacob. Take up a song, and bring a tabret, a pleasant harp 

3 with a viol. Blow a cornet in the new moon, at the full moon-tide, 

4 on the day of our festival. For this was a statute for Israel, and a 

5 law* of the God of Jacob. This he ordained in Joseph for a testi- 
mony, when he went out through the land of Egypt : where I heard 

6 a language that I understood not. I removed his shoulder from 

7 a burden : his hands moved from off" the basket. Thou calledst in 
the distress, and I rescued thee ; I answered thee in the thunder's 

8 cover'' : I proved thee at the waters of Meribah. Selah. Hear, O 
my people, and I will testify unto thee : O Israel, if thou wilt 

9 hearken unto me ; There shall no strange God be in thee ; neither 

10 shalt thou prostrate thyself before any strange god. I am the Eter- 
nal thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt : open thy 

11 mouth wide, and I will fill it. But my people would not hearken to my 

12 voice ; and Israel would none of me. So I gave'' them up unto their 
own heart's stubbornness : and they walked in their own counsels. 

^ smoke. •* sucklings. ^ ggfi. ^ judgment. => secrecy. '' sent forth. 


13 Oh that my people would hearken unto me, and Israel would walk in 

14 my ways ! Yet a little and I would subdue their enemies, and turn 

15 my hand against their adversaries. The haters of the Eternal would 
dissemble unto him : but their time would endure for ever. 

16 He would feed them also with the fat of wheat ; and with honey out 
of the rock^ would I satisfy thee. 

1 Psalm lxxxii. — A Psalm unto Asaph. — God standeth in the con- 

2 gregation of the mighty'^ ; in the midst of gods he judges. How 
long will ye judge wrong, and accept the persons of the wicked ? 

3 Selah. Defend^ the lowly and fatherless : do justice to the afflicted* 

4 and needy. Rescue the lowly and needy : deliver them out of the 

5 hand of the wicked. They know not, neither will they understand ; 

6 they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth totter. I 
have said, Ye are gods ; and all of you are children of the Most 

7 High. But ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes.'' 

8 Arise, O God, judge the earth : for thou shalt inherit all nations. 

1 PsALM LXXXIII. — A Song and Psalm unto Asaph. — Keep not thou 

2 silence, O God : hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God. For, 
lo, thine enemies make a tumult : and thev that hate thee have lifted 


3 up the head. They have taken craftily secret counsel against thy 

4 people, and deliberated against thy hidden ones. They have said, 
Come, and let us exterminate them ivom being & nation; that the 

5 name of Israel may be- no more in remembrance. For they have de- 
liberated together with one consent, they made a covenant against 

6 thee ; The tents of Edom and Ishmaelites : of Moab and 

7 Hagarenes ; Gebal, and Amnion, and Amalek ; Palestine with the 

8 inhabitants of Tyre ; Assur also is joined with them : they become 

9 an arm of the children of Lot. Selah. Do unto them as unto Midian, 

10 as to Sisera, as to Jabin, at the brook of Kison : They were destroyed 

11 at En-dor ; they became as dung for the ground. Make their nobles 
like Oreb, and like Zeeb : yea, all their princes as Zebah, and as 

12 Zalmunna, Who said. Let us take to ourselves the seats of God in 

13 possession. O my God, make them like a whirlwind; as stubble be- 

14 fore a wind. As fire burnetii a wood, and as a flame setteth 

15 mountains on fire ; So pursue them with thy storm, and terrify them 

16 with thy tempest. Fill their faces with ignominy ; that they may 

17 seek thy name, O Eternal. Let them be ashamed and troubled for 

18 ever; yea, let them be put to shame, and perish: That men may 
know that thou whose name alone is Eternal, art the most high over 
all the earth. 

Psalm lxxxiv. — To the Director of the Gittith, a Psalm unto 

1 the sons of Korah. — How dearly beloved are thy dwellings, O Eter- 

2 nal of hosts ! My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth'' for the courts of 

1 crag. 2 God. ' judge. '•poor. ^ oncers. « iKmisheih. 


3 the Eternal : my heart and my flesh shout to the living God. Also 
a bird hath found a house and a swallow a nest for herself, where she 
may lay her young, even thine altars, O Eternal of hosts, my King 

4 and my God. O happiness of those that abide in thy house : they 

5 will be still praising thee. Selah. O happiness of the man whose 
might is in thee ; in whose heart paths are towards thee ; passing 

6 through the valley of Baca ; They would change it into a fountain ; 

7 the early rain would cover it with blessings ; They go from force 

8 to force, appearing at last in Zion before God. O Eternal God of hosts, 

9 hear my prayer : Give ear, O God of Jacob. Selah, Behold, O God 

10 our shield, and look upon the face of thine anointed. For a day in 
thy courts^ w better than a thousand ; I had rather stand on the 
threshhold of the house of my God, than to dwell in the tents of 

1 1 wickedness. For the Eternal God is a sun and shield ; the Eternal 
will give grace and glory : no good thing will he withhold from them 

12 that walk uprightly. O happiness of the man that trusteth in thee, 
O Eternal of hosts. 

Psalm lxxxv. — To the Director, unto the sons of Korah, a Psalm. 

1 Eternal, thou hast been favourable unto thy land : thou hast 

2 brought back the captivity of Jacob. Thou hast borne the iniquity 

3 of thy people, thou hast covered all their sin. Selah. Thou hast 
taken away^ all thine indignation : thou hast turned thyself from the 

4 fierceness of thy wrath. Turn us, O God of our salvation, and make 

5 void thy displeasure towards us. Wilt thou be angry with us for 

6 ever ? Wilt thou draw out thy wrath from age to age. Wilt thou 

7 not turn and revive us : that thy people may rejoice in thee ? Shew us 

8 thy mercy, O Eternal, and grant us thy salvation. I will hear what 
the Eternal God will speak : for he will speak peace unto his people, 

9 and to his saints : but let them not turn again to folly. Surely his 
salvation is nigh them that fear him ; that glory may dwell in our land. 

10 Mercy and truth are met together ; righteousness and peace have 

11 kissed each other. Truth shall spring out of the earth ; and righteous- 

12 ness shall glance down from heaven. Yea, the Eternal shall give 

13 that whichis good ; and our land shall yield its produce. Righteous- 
ness shall go before him ; direct' his steps in the way. 

1 Psalm lxxxvi. — A Prayer of* David. — Incline thine ear, O Eter- 

2 nal, answer me : for I am poor and needy. Guard my soul ; for I am 

* enclosures. ' * gathered. 3 set. * unto. 


a saint : O thou my God, save thy servant that trusteth in thee. 
3 4 Be gracious unto me, O Lord : for I cry unto thee all day. Re- 
joice the soul of thy servant : for unto thee, O Lord, do I lift up my 

5 soul. For thou, Lord, art good, and ready to forgive ; and plenteous 

6 in mercy unto all them that call upon thee: Give ear, O Eternal, 

7 unto my prayer ; and attend to the voice of my supplications. In the 
day of my distress I will call upon thee ; for thou wilt answer me. 

8 Among the gods there is none like unto thee, O Lord ; and nothing 

9 like unto thy works. All nations whom thou hast made shall come 
and prostrate themselves before thee, O Lord ; and shall glorify thy 

10 name. For thou art great, and doest wondrous things : thou art 

1 1 God alone. Teach my thy way, O Eternal ; I will walk in thy 

12 truth : unite my heart, to fear thy name. I will thank thee, O Lord 
my God, with all my heart : and I will glorify thy name for evermore. 

13 For great is thy mercy towards me : and thou hast delivered my 

14 soul from the lowest pit, O God, proud ones are risen against me, 
and assemblies of violent men have sought after my soul; and have 

15 not set thee before them. But thou, O Lord, art a God full of com- 
passion, and gracious, long-suffering, and plenteous in mercy and 

16 truth. O turn unto me, and be gracious unto me; give thy might 

17 unto thy servant, and save the son of thy handmaid. Shew^ 
me a sign for good ; that they who hate me may see it, and be 
ashamed: because thou, Eternal, hast heli^ed me, and comforted me, 

1 Psalm lxxxvii. — Unto the sons of Korah, a Psalm ca/d Song. — Its 

2 foundation is in the mountains of holiness ; The Eternal loveth the 

3 gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob. Glorious things 

4 are spoken of thee, O city of God. Selah. I will make mention of 
Rahab and Babylon to them that know me : behold Philistia, and 

5 Tyre, with Gush ; this ?nan was born there. But of Zion it is said, 
This and that man was born in it : and the highest himself shall 

G establish it. The Eternal will count, when he writeth up peoples, 
7 this man was born here, Selah, As well the singers as the players 
on instruments ; all my delights^ are in thee. 

Psalm lxxxviii. — A Song and Psalm unto the sons of Korah, to the 
dii'ector, of Mahalath, for a Choral Song, Maschil unto Henian the 

1 Ezrahite. — O Eternal God of my salvation, I have cried day and 

2 night before thee : Let my prayer come before thee : incline thine 

3 ear unto my cry ;^ For my soul is lull of troubles : and my life 

4 draweth nigh unto the grave. I am counted with them that go down 

5 into the pit : I am as a man tJiat hath no strength : Prostrate among 
the dead, like the slain that lie in (he grave, whom thou rememberest 

6 no more : and they are cut asunder by thy hand. Thou hast laid 

7 me in the lowest pit, in darkness, in deeps. Thy fury lieth hard 

' do. 2 fouritHins. ' shout. 


8 upon me, and thou hast afflicted me with all thy waves. Selah, Thou 
hast put away mine acquaintance far from me ; thou hast made me 
an abomination unto them ; / am shut up,'^and I cannot come forth. 

9 Mine eye languisheth by reason of affliction •} Eternal, I have called 

10 daily upon thee, I have stretched out my hands unto thee. Wilt 
thou shew^ a wonder to the dead ? siiall departed ones arise and thank 

11 thee? Selah. Shall thy mercy be declared in the grave ? or thy 

12 faithfulness in the destruction ? Shall thy wonders be known in the 

13 dark ? and thy righteousness in the land of forgetfulness ? But as 
for me unto thee have I cried for help, O Eternal ; and in the 

14 morning shall my prayer anticipate thee. Eternal, wherefore castest 

15 thou off my soul ? screenest thy face from me ? I am afflicted^ and 
ready to expire for quaking : while I bear thy terrors I am distracted. 

16 Thy fierce wrath passeth over me ; thy terrors have cut me off. 

17 They surrounded me the whole day like the water ; they compassed 

18 me about together. Lover and friend hast thou put far from me, 
and mine acquaintance into darkness. 

1 Psalm lxxxix, — Maschil unto Ethan the Ezrahite. — I will sing 
of the mercies of the Eternal for ever: with my mouth will I make 

2 known thy faithfulness from age to age. For I have said, Mercy 
shall be built up for ever : thy faithfulness shalt thou establish in the 

3 very heavens. I have made* a covenant with my chosen, I have 

4 sworn unto David my servant. Thy seed will I establish for ever, 

5 and build up thy throne for all ages. Selah. And heavens shall 
acknowledge thy wonders, O Eternal : thy faithfulness also in the 

6 congregation of holy ones. For who in the heaven'^ can be com- 
pared unto the Eternal ? who among the sons of the mighty can be 

7 likened unto the Eternal ? God is most terrible in the counsel'' of 

8 holy ones, and feared above all them that are about him. O Eter- 
nal God of hosts, who m a strong Eternal like unto thee and thy 

9 faithfulness is round about thee ? Thou rulest the surging of the sea : 

10 when the waves thereof arise thou stillest them. Thou hast crushed 
insolence, as one that is slain ; thou hast scattered thine enemies with 

11 the arm of thy might. The heavens are thine, the earth also is thine : 
as for the world qnd the fulness thereof, thou hast founded them. 

12 7%e north and /Ae south — thou hast created them : Tabor and Hermon 

13 shall shout in thy name. Thine is the arm with strength : mighty 

14 is thy hand, and high is thy right hand. Justice and judgment are 
the habitation of thy throne : mercy and truth shall go before''^ thy 

15 face. O happiness of the peo[>le knowing the joyful sound :^ they 

16 shall walk, O Eternal, in the light of thy countenance. In thy name 

poverty. - do. ' poor ^ cut. " sky ^ secret. ' anticipate. * din. 


shall they rejoice all the day : and in thy righteousness shall they be 

17 exalted. For thou art the splendour of their might : and in thy 

18 favour our horn shall be exalted. For our shield belongs to the Eternal ; 

19 and our King the Holy One of Israel. Then thou spakest in vision 
to thy saint, and saidst, I have laid help upon a hero ; I have 

20 exalted one chosen out of the people. I have found David my ser- 

21 vant; with the oil of my holiness have I anointed him : With whom 
my hand shall be established : mine arm also shall strengthen him. 

22 No enemy shall exact upon him; nor a son of iniquity aflBict him. 

23 And I will beat down his adversaries before his face, and plague them 

24 that hate him. But my faithfulness and my mercy sJiall he with him : 

25 and in my name shall his horn be exalted. I will set his hand also 

26 in the sea, and his right hand in the rivers. He shall cry unto me, 

27 Thou art my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation. Also I 

28 will make him my firstborn, highest to the kings of the earth. My 
mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand 

29 fast with him. His seed also will I make to endure for ever, and his 

30 throne as the days of heaven. If his children forsake my law, and 

31 walk not in my judgments; If they profane my ordinances, and 

32 keep not my commandments. Then will I visit^ their transgression 

33 with a staff, and their iniquity with afflictions. Nevertheless my 
mercy will I not utterly take from him, nor make my faithfulness 

34 to fail. My covenant will I not profane, nor alter the thing that is 

35 gone out of my lips. Once have I sworn by my holiness if I lie 

36 unto David. . . . His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne 

37 as the sun before me. It shall be established for ever as the moon, 

38 and the witness in the heaven is faithful. Selah. But thou hast cast 

39 off and scorned, thou hast been wrath with thine anointed. Thou 
hast abhorred the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his 

40 diadem by castwg it to the ground. Thou hast broken down all his 

4 1 hedges ; thou hast brought his fortresses to ruin. All that pass by 

42 the way spoil him : he is a disgrace to his neighbours. Thou hast 
set up the right hand of his adversaries ; thou hast made all his ene- 

43 mies to rejoice. Thou hast also turned the edge of his sword, and 

44 hast not made him to stand in the w^ar. Thou hast made his lustre 

45 to cease, and cast his throne down to the earth. The days of his 
youth hast thou shortened : thou hast wrapped him in shame. Selah. 

46 How long, Eternal? wilt thou altogether hide thyself for ever, shall 

47 thy fury burn like fire? Remember my transitoriness : for what 

48 futility thou hast created all men. What man livoth, and shall not 
see death, shall rescue his soul from the hand of the grave ? Selah. 

49 Lord, where are thy former mercies, which thou swarest unto David 

50 in thy faithfulness? Remember, Lord, the disgrace of thy servants ; 

' bear in niind. 


51 how I do bear in my bosom the reproach of many peoples. Where- 
with thine enemies have reviled, O Eternal ; wherewith they have 

52 reviled the footsteps of thine anointed. Blessed be the Eternal for 
evermore. Amen, and Amen. 

1 Psalm xc. — A Prayer of^ Moses the man of God. — Lord, thou hast 

2 been our dwelling place from age to age. Before mountains were 
brought forth, or the earth and world travailed, even from everlasting 

3 to everlasting, thou art God. Thou turnest man to destruction ;^ and 

4 sayest, Return, ye children of men. For a thousand years in thine 
eyes are but as yesterday when it is past, and as a watch in the night. 

5 In the morning growing like the grass, thou overwhelmest them with 
a flood, whilst they are in sleep. In the morning it flourisheth, and 

7 groweth up ; in the evening it is cut down, and withereth. For we 

8 are consumed by thy wrath, and by thy fury are we troubled. Thou 
hast set our iniquities before thee, our secret sins in the light^ of thy 

9 countenance. For all our days are passed away in thy indignation : 

10 we spend our years like an idle talk. The days of our years are 
threescore years and ten, and if in strength fourscore years, yet is 
their pride labour and sorrow ; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away. 

1 1 Who knoweth the might of thy wrath ? for as thy indignation should 
\2 be the fear of thee. So teach* vs to number our days, that we bring 

13 a heart of wisdom. Return, O Eternal, how long ? and let it repent 

14 thee concerning thy servants. O satisfy us in the morning with thy 
mercy ; that we may shout and rejoice all our days. Make us glad 
according to the days wherein thou hast afflicted us, and the years 

15 wherein we have seen evil. Let thy operations appear unto thy ser- 
11 vants, and thy splendour unto their children. And let the pleasant- 
ness of the Eternal our God be upon us : and establish thou the work 
of our hands upon us ; yea, the work of our hands establish thou it. 

1 Psalm xci. — He thatdwelleth in the secret place of the most High 

2 shall shelter himself under the shadow of the Almighty. I will say of 
the Eternal, He is my refugeand my stronghold : my God ; in him will 

3 I trust. Surely he shall deliver thee from the snare of a fowler, 

4 and from a destroying pestilence. He shall cover thee with his 
pinion, and under his wings shalt thou be safe: his truth shall be thy 

5 shield and buckler. Thou shalt not be afraid for terror by night ; 

6 nor for the arrow that flyeth by day; Nor for pestilence that 
walketh in thick darkness ; nor for destruction that wasteth 

7 at noonday. A thousand shall fall at thy side, and a myriad at thy 

8 right hand ; but it shall not come nigh thee. Only with thine eyes 

9 shalt thou behold and see the reward of wicked ones. Because thou, 
O Eternal, art my refuge, the most High hast thou made thy habi- 

uiito. ^ ciushiiifir. •* luminal v. * make known. 


10 ta on ; There shall no evil befall thee, neither shall any affliction 

11 come nigh thy tent. For he shall give his angels charge over thee, 

12 to keep thee in all thy ways. They shall bear thee up in their hands, 

13 lest thou dash thy foot against the stone. Thou shalt tread upon a 
lion and adder : a young lion and dragon^ shalt thou trample under 

14 feet. Because hedelighteth me, therefore will I rescue him: I will 

15 set him on high, because he hath known my name. He shall call 
upon me, and I will answer him : I ivill be with him in trouble ; I 

16 will deliver him, and honour him. With long life will I satisfy him, 
and shew him my salvation. 

1 Psalm xcii. — A Psalm and Song for the sabbath day. — It is a good 
thing to give thanks unto the Eternal, and to hynm thy name, 

2 O most High : To tell thy mercy in the morning, and thy faithful- 

3 ness in the nights, Upon an instrument of ten strings, and upon 

4 a psaltery ; upon a harp with a solemn sound. For thou, Eternal, 
hast made me glad through thy deed : I will triumph^ in the works of 

5 thy hands. O Eternal, how great are thy works ! and thy thoughts 

6 are very deep. A brutish man knoweth not ; neither doeth a fool 

7 understand this. When wicked ones spring as grass, and when 
all the workers of iniquity do flourish ; it is that they shall be de- 

8 stroyed for ever : But thou, Eternal, art most high for evermore. 

9 For, lo, thine enemies, O Eternal, for lo, thine enemies shall perish ; 

10 all the workers of iniquity shall be scattered. But my horn shalt 
thou exalt like the horn of a buffalo : I shall drip with fresh oil. 

11 Mine eye also shall see my desire on mine antagonists, and mine ears 

12 shall hear my desire of evil doers that rise up against me. The 
righteous shall flourish like the palm tree : he shall increase like a 

13 cedar in the Lebanon. Those that are planted in the house of the 

14 Eternal shall flourish in the courts^ of our God. They shall still 

15 bring forth fruit in old age; they shall be fat and flourishing; To 
shew* that the Eternal is upright : he is my rock, and there is no 
unrighteousness in him. 

1 Psalm xciii. — The Eternal reigneth, he is clothed with majesty ; 
the Eternal is clothed therewith ; he hath girded himself with might : 

2 the world also is established, tottereth not. Thy throne i^ established 

3 of old : thou art from everlasting. Rivers have lifted up, O Eter- 
nal ; rivers have lifted up their voice ; rivers lift up their roaring. 

4 Above the sound-^ of many waters are mighty breakers of the sea, 

5 mighty above them is the Eternal on high. Thy testimonies are very 
sure:'' holiness becometh thy house, O Eternal, for the length of days. 

1 Psalm xciv. — O God of vengeance. Eternal, O God of vengeance, 

2 beam forth. Raise thyself, O judge of the earth : render a reward to 

huge creature. * shout. ' enclosures. * tell. '' voices. * faithful. 


3 the proud. How long, O Eternal, shall wicked ones, how long 
shall wicked ones triumph? How lo/fff ahaW they utter and speak 

4 rough things ? and all the workers of iniquity boast themselves ? 
5 6 They crush thy people, O Eternal, and afflict thine heritage. The 

7 widow and stranger they slay, and murder fatherless ones. Yet they 
say, The Eternal shall not see, neither shall the God of Jacob 

8 understand it. Understand, ye brutish among the people : and ye 

9 fools, when will ye be wise ? He that planted the ear, shall he not 

10 hear ? or he that formed the eye, shall he not see ? He that 
chastiseth nations, shall not he reprove ? even he that teacheth man 

11 knowledge. The Eternal knoweth the thoughts of man, that they 

12 are vanity. O happiness of the man whom thou chasteneth, O Eter- 

13 nal, and teachesthim out of the law; To tranquillise him against 

14 days of evil, whilst a pit is being dug for the wicked one. For the 
Eternal will not abandon his people, neither will he forsake his in- 

15 heritance. But judgment shall return unto righteousness: and all 

16 the upright in heart shall follow it. Who will rise up for me against 
evildoers ? or who will stand up for me against workers of iniquity ? 

17 Unless the Eternal had been my help, yet a little, and my soul would 

18 have dwelt in silence. When I said, My foot tottereth ; thy mercy, 
26 O Eternal, sustained me. In the multitude of my anxieties within 

20 me, thy comforts delight my soul. Shall the throne of iniquity have 

21 fellowship with thee, framing mischief against the law ?^ They band 
themselves together against the soul of righteous ones, and declare 

22 guilty innocent blood But the Eternal is my defence ; and my God 

23 is the rock of my refuge. And he shall bring upon them their own 
iniquity, and shall cut them off in their own wickedness ; yea, the 
Eternal our God shall cut them off. 

1 Psalm xcv. — O come, let us shout unto the Eternal : let us make a 

2 joyful noise to the rock of our salvation. Let us come early before 
his presence with thanksgiving, and make a joyful noise unto him 

3 with hymns. For the Eternal is a great God, and a great King 

4 above all gods. In whose hand are the deep places of the earth : the 

5 strength of mountains is his also. Whose is the sea, for he made it : 

6 and his hands formed the dry land. O come, let us prostrate our- 
selves and bow down : let us kneel before the Eternal our maker. 

7 For he is our God ; and we are the people of his pasture, and the 

8 flock of his hand, this very day, if ye will hear his voice. Harden 
not your heart, as at Meribah, and as in the day of Massahin the desert. 

9 When your fathers tried me, proved me, and saw my work. 

10 Forty years long was I displeased with this generation, and said. It 
is a people of an erring heart, and they have not known my ways : 

11 Unto whom I sware in my wrath if they shall enter into my rest ! . . . 

1 Psalm xcvi. — O sing unto the Eternal a new song : sing unto the 

2 Eternal, all the earth. Sing unto the Eternal, bless his name ; announce 

a statute. 


3 his salvation from day to day. Declare his glory among the nations, 

4 his wonders among all the peoples. For the Eternal is great, and 

5 greatly to be praised : he is to be feared above all gods. For all the 

6 gods of the nations ai'c idols : but the Eternal made heavens. Glory 
and majesty are before him: might and splendom- are in his sanctuary. 

7 Give unto the Eternal, O ye families of peoples, give unto the Eter- 

8 nal honour and might. Give unto the Eternal the honour due unto 

9 his name : bring an offering, and come into his courts. Prostrate 
yourselves before the Eternal in the beauty of holiness : writhe before 

10 him, all the earth. Say among the nations that the Eternal reigneth : 
the world also shall be established that it shall not totter : he shall 

11 pronounce judgment on peoples with uprightness. Let the heavens 
rejoice, and let the earth be glad ; let the sea thunder, and the fulness 

12 thereof. Let the field exult, and all that is therein : then shall all 

13 trees of the wood shout Before the Eternal : for he cometh, for he 
cometh to judge the earth : he shall judge the world with righteous- 
ness, and peoples with his faithfulness. 

1 Psalm xcvii. — The Eternal reigneth ; let the earth rejoice ; let many 

2 maritime settlements be glad thereof. Clouds and thick darkness 
are round about him : righteousness and judgment are the habita- 

3 tion of his throne. A fire goeth before him, and burneth up his ad- 

4 versaries round about. His lightnings enlightened the world ; the 

5 earth saw, and writhed. Mountains melted like the wax at the pre- 
sence of the Eternal, at the presence of the Lord of the whole earth. 

6 The heavens declare his righteousness, and all the peoples see his glory. 

7 Ashamed be all they that serve graven images, that boast themselves 

8 of idols: prostrate yourselves before him, all ye gods. Zion heard, 
and was glad ; and the daughters of Judah rejoiced because of thy 

9 judgments, O Eternal. For tliou, Eternal, art supreme above all 
10 the earth ; thou art exalted far above all gods. Ye that love the 

Eternal, hate evil : he preserveth the souls of his pious ones ; he de- 
ll livereth them out of the hand of wicked ones. Light is sown for 
12 the righteous, and gladness for the upright in heart. Rejoice in the 

Eternal, ye righteous; and give thanks at the remembrance of his 


1 Psalm xcviii. — A Psalm. — O sing unto the Eternal a new song ; 
for he hath done marvellous things : his right hand and arm of 

2 his holiness hath wrought for him salvation. The Eternal hath made 
known his salvation : his righteousness hath he revealed in the eyes 

3 of the nations. He hath remembered his mercy and his faithfulness 
towards the house of Israel: all the ends of the earth have seen the 

4 salvation of our God. Make a joyful noise unto the Eternal all the 

5 earth : break forth, and shout, and hymn. Hymn the Eternal 

6 with a harp ; with a harp, and the voice of a psalm, With trumpets 
and sound of cornet make a joyful noise before the Eternal, the 



7 King. Let the sea thunder, and the fulness thereof; the world, and 

8 they that dwell therein. Let rivers clap their hands: let mountains 

9 shout together Before the Eternal ; for he cometh to judge the 
earth : with righteousness shall he judge the world, and peoples with 

1 Psalm xcix, — The Eternal reigneth — peoples are agitated : he sit- 

2 teth between cherubim — the earth is moved. The Eternal is great 

3 in Zion ; and he is high above all the peoples. Let them acknow- 

4 ledge thy name, O great and terrible one ; holy is it ; Also a 
King's might, loving judgment. Thou dost establish equity, thou 

5 executest judgment and righteousness in Jacob. Exalt ye the Eter- 
nal our God, and prostrate yourselves at his footstool ; for he is holy. 

6 Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that 
call upon his name ; they called upon the Eternal, and he answered 

7 them. He spake unto them in a column of cloud: they kept his 

8 testimonies, and the statute that he gave them. Thou answerest 
them, O Eternal our God : thou wast to them a forgiving God, though 

9 avenging their deeds. Exalt the Eternal our God, and prostrate 
yourselves at the mountain of his holiness ; for the Eternal our God 
is holy. 

1 Psalm c. — A Psalm of thanksgiving. — Let the whole earth make a 

2 joyful noise unto the Eternal. Serve the Eternal with gladness : 

3 come before his presence with shouting. Know ye that the Eternal 
he is God : it is he that hath made us, and his we are, his people and 

4 the flock of his pasture. Enter into his gates with thanksgiving, and 
into his courts with praise : acknowledge him, and bless his name. 

5 For the EternaH^ good ; his mercy ^5 everlasting; and his faithful- 
ness endureth from age to age. 

1 PsALM CI. — L^nto David, a Psalm. — I will sing of mercy and judg- 

2 ment : thee, O Eternal, will I hymn. I will behave myself wisely 
in a perfect way. O when w^ilt thou come itnto me ? T will walk within 

3 my house in the uprightness of my heart. I will set no worthless 
thing before mine eyes ; I hate the doings of them that turn aside it 

4 shall not cleave to me. A froward heart shall depart from me : I 

5 will not know a wicked person. Whoso privily slandereth his fellow, 
him will I cut off; him that hath a high look and a proud heart will 

P> not I suffer. Mine eyes s/^a// ^e upon the faithful of Me land, that 
they may abide with me : he that walketh in a perfect way, he shall 

7 minister unto me. He that workelh deceit shall not dwell within my 
house : he that telleth lies shall not be established before my eyes. 

8 Each morning will I cut off all the wicked of the land ; that I may 
exterminate all workers of iniquity from the city of the Eternal. 

PsALM CII. — A Prayer for tJie afflicted,^ when he languisheth, and 

1 poureth out his complaint before the Eternal. — Hear my prayer, O 

2 Eternal, and let my cry for help come unto thee. Screen not thy 

1 poor. 


face from me in a day ivhen I am in trouble ; incline thine ear unto 

3 me : in tlie day ivhen I call, hasten, answer me. For my days pass 

4 away in smoke, and my bones are scorched as on a hearth. My heart 
is smitten, and withered like grass ; so that I forget to eat my bread. 

5 By reason of the voice of my groaning my bones cleave to my skiuc 
671 an^ like a pelican of a desert : I am like an owl in ruins. I watch 

8 and am as a lonely bird upon a roof. Mine enemies revile me 
all the day ; and they that are mad against me are sworn against 

9 me. For I have eaten ashes like the bread, and mingled ray 

10 drink with weeping, Because of thine indignation and thine 

1 1 anger : for thou hast lifted me up, and cast me down. My 
days are like a shadow that declineth; and I wither like the 

12 grass. But thou, O Eternal, shalt endure for ever ; and thy re- 

13 membrauce from age to age. Thou shalt ^arise, and have mercy 
upon Zion: for it is time to favour her, an appointed time is come. 

14 For thy servants take pleasure in its stones, and favour the dust 

15 thereof. And nations shall fear the name of the Eternal, and all 

16 the kings of the earth thy glory. When the Eternar shall. have 

17 built Zion, appeared in his glory. Regarded the prayer of the desti- 

18 tute, and not despised their prayer. This shall be written for a remote 
age, and a people which shall be created shall praise the Eternal. 

19 For he hath glanced down from the height of his sanctuary ; from 

20 heaven did the Eternal behold the earth ; To hear the groaning of a 

21 prisoner; to loose those that are appointed to death; To declare the 

22 name of the Eternal in Zion, and his praise in Jerusalem ; When 
peoples are gathered together, and kingdoms to serve the Eternal. 

23 He weakened^ my strength in the way ; he shortened my days. 

24 I said, O my God, take me not away in the midst^ of ray days : thy 

25 years are throughout all ages Of old hast thou laid the foundation 

26 of the earth : and heavens are the work of thy hands. They 
shall perish, but thou shalt endure : yea, all of them shall wax old 
like the garment ; as the vesture shalt thou change them, and they 

27 shall be changed : But thou art the same, and thy years shall have 

28 no end. The children of thy servants shall continue,"* and their seed 
shall be established before thee. 

1 Psalm cm. — Unto David. — Bless the Eternal, O my soul, and ray' 

2 innermost bless his holy name. Bless the Eternal, O my soul, and 

3 forget not all his benefits:* Who forgiveth all thine iniquities; who 

4 healeth all thy diseases; Who redeemeth thy life from the pit; who 

5 crowneth thee with mercy and compassion : Who satisfieth thy 
mouth with the good thimjs ; so that thy youth is renewed like the 

6 eagle's. Tiie Eternal executeth righteousness and judgment for all 

7 that are oppressed. He made known his ways unto Moses, his acts 

afflicted. -half. 3j,^,j.i]_ ^ rt-quitals. 


8 unto the children of Israel. The Eternal is merciful and gracious, 

9 slow to anger, and plenteous in mercy. He will not chide^ in perpe- 

10 tuity : neither will he keep his anger for ever. He hath not done to us 

11 according to our sins ; nor requited us according to our iniquities. For 
as the heaven is high above the earth, so prevaileth his mercy over 

12 them that fear him. As far as the east is from the west, so far hath he 

13 removed our transgressions from us. Like as a father compas- 
sionateth his children, so the Eternal compassionateth them that fear 

14 him. For he knoweth our frame ; he remembereth that we are dust. 

15 As for man, his days are as the grass : as a flower of the field, so he 

16 flourisheth. For a wind passeth over it, and it is gone ; and the 

17 place thereof shall know it no more. But the mercy of the Eternal 
is from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his 

Is righteousness unto children's children; To such as keep his covenant, 

19 and to those that remember his charges to do them. The Eternal 
hath prepared his throne in the heavens ; and his kingdom ruleth 

20 over all. Bless the Eternal, ye his angels,^ heroes of strength, that 

21 do his word, hearkening unto the voice of his word. Bless ye the 
Eternal, all ye his hosts ; ye ministers of his, that do his pleasure. 

22 Bless the Eternal, all his works in all places of his dominion : Bless 
the Eternal, O my soul. 

1 Psalm civ. — Bless the Eternal, O my soul. O Eternal my God, 

2 thou art very great ; thou art clothed with honour and majesty. Who 
wrappest thyself in light as in the garment : who stretchest out^ 

3 heavens like the curtain : Who layeth the beams of his upper cham- 
bers in the waters : who maketh thick clouds his chariot : who walk- 

4 eth upon wind's wings : Who maketh his winds his messengers ; his 
.5 ministers a flaming fire : Founded the earth on its bases,^ that it 

6 should not totter for ever. Thou coveredst it with the deep 

7 as with th3 garment: waters stood above mountains. At thy 
rebuke they fled; at the voice of thy thunder they hasted away, 

8 Rise like mountains, descend like deep valleys unto a place which 

9 thou hast founded for them. Thou hast set a bound that they may 

10 not pass over ; that they turn not again to cover the earth. He sendeth 

1 1 forth springs into the brooks, ichich run between mountains. They 
give drink to every animal of the field : wild asses quench^ their thirst. 

12 Over them dwell the fowls of the heaven ; they let their voice resound'^ 

13 from between the foliage. He watereth mountains from his upper 

14 chambers : the earth is satisfied with the fruit of thy works. He 
causeth grass to grow for the beasts, and herb for the service of man : 

15 to bring forth bread out of the earth ; And wine that maketh glad 
the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread ivhich 

16 sustaineth man's heart. The trees of the Eternal satisfy themselves; 

17 the cedars of Lebanon, which he hath planted; Where birds 


' ijuarrcl. - messengers. ^ jnclinest. ^ dwelling )!lacc. ^ break. * give. 


18 make their nests : as for the stork, cypresses are its house. High 
mountains are a refuge for the wild goats ; and rocks for the conies. 

19 He made the moon for appointed seasons : the sun knoweth his going 

20 down. Thou makest darkness, and it is night : wherein all animals 

21 of the forest do creep forth. The young lions roar after their prey, 

22 and seek their meat from God. The sun ariseth, they gather them- 

23 selves together, and crouch in their dens.^ Man goeth forth unto 

24 his labour and to his labour until evening. O Eternal, how manifold 
are thy works ! in wisdom hast thou made them all : the earth is full 

25 of thy posisessions. This, the sea — great and wide — in it are things 

26 creeping without number, both small and great animals. There go ships, 

27 leviathan which thou hast formed to sport therein. These wait all upon 

28 thee; that thou mayest give them the'iv meat in due season. That 
thou givest them they gather : thou openest thy hand, they are filled 

29 with good. Thou screenest thy face, they are troubled : thou takest 

30 away their breath,^ they expire, and return to their dust. Thou 
sendest forth thy spirit, they are created : and thou the face 

31 of the ground. The glory of the Eternal shall endure for ever: the 

32 Eternal shall rejoice in his works. He looketli on the earth, and it 

33 trembleth : he toucheth the mountains, and they smoke. I will sing 
unto the Eternal as long as I live : I will hymn my God while I 

34 have my being. May my meditation be pleasing unto him : I will be 

35 glad in the Eternal. Let sinners be consumed out of the earth, and 
let wicked ones be no more. Bless thou the Eternal, O my soul. 
Praise ye the Eternal. 

1 Psalm cv. — O give thanks unto the Eternal ; call upon his name : 

2 make known his deeds among the peoples. Sing unto him, hymn 

3 him : talk ye of all his marvellous works. Glory ye in the name 
of his holiness : let the heart of them rejoice that seek the Eternal. 

4 5 Seek^ the Eternal, and his might : seek his face evermore. Re- 
member his marvellous works that he hath done; his wonders, and 

5 the judgments of his mouth : O ye seed of Abraham his servant, ye 

7 children of Jacob his chosen. He is the Eternal our God : his judg- 

8 ments are in all the earth. He hath remembered his covenant for 

9 ever, the word which he commanded to a thousand ages. Which 

10 covenant he made with Abraham, and his oath unto Isaac; And con- 
firmed the same unto Jacob for a statute, and to Israel /or an ever- 

1 1 lasting covenant : Saying, Unto thee will I give the land of Canaan, 

12 the lot of your inheritance : When they were but a few men in num- 
ber, scantily sojourning in it, When they went about from nation to 

14 nation, from one kingdom to another people; He suffered no man 

15 to do them wrong : yea, he reproved kings for their sakes; Saying, 
IG Touch not mine anointed, and do my prophets no harm. Moreover 

he called for a famine upon the land : he brake the whole staff of 

habitations, - spirit, ^ inquire. 


1 7 bread. He sent a man before them, even Joseph, icho was sold for a 

18 servant : Whose feet they hurt with the fetter : he^ was laid in iron : 

19 Until the time that his word came : the saying- of the Eternal refined 

20 him. The king sent and loosed him ; even the ruler of the people, 

21 and let him go free. He made him lord of his house, and ruler of all 

22 his substance : To bind his officers at his pleasure ; and teach his 

23 elders wisdom. Israel also came into Egypt ; and Jacob sojourned 

24 in the land of Ham- And he increased his people greatly ; and made 
2.5 them mighty above their adversaries. He turned their heart to hate 

26 his people, to conspire against his servants. He sent Moses his 

27 servant; and Ka,x on whom he had chosen. They shewed^ his signs 

28 among them, and wonders in the land of Ham. He sent darkness, 

29 made it dark ; and they rebelled not against his word. He turned 
3U their waters into blood, and caused their fish to die. Their land 

brought forth frogs in abundance, in the chambers of their kings. 

31 Fie spake, and there came insects, and gnats in all their boundaries. 

32 He gave them hail for their rain, and flaming fire in their land. 

33 He smote their vines also and their fig trees ; and brake the trees of 

34 their boundaries. He said, and locusts came, and caterpillars, and 

35 that without number, And did eat up all herbs in their land, and 

36 ate the fruit of their ground. He smote also all the firstborn in their 

37 land, the chief of all their strength. He brought them forth also 
with silver and gold, and there was none stumbling among their 

38 tribes. Egypt was glad when they departed ; for the dread of them 

39 fell upon them. He spread a cloud for a covering ; and fire to give 

40 light in the night. The people asked, and he brought quails, and 

41 satisfied them with the bread of heaven. He opened a rock, and 

42 waters flowed ; they ran in the dry places like a river. For he re- 

43 membered the word of his holiness, awe? Abraham his servant. And 
he brought forth his people with joy, and his chosen with shouting : 

44 And gave them the lands of nations : and they inherited the labour 
46 of races ; That they might observe his statutes, and keep his laws. 

Praise ye the Eternal. 

1 Psalm cvi. — Praise ye the Eternal. O give thanks unto the Eter- 

2 nal ; for he is good : for his mercy endureth for ever. Who can utter 
the mighty acts of the Eternal ? loho can show forth^ all his praise ? 

3 O happiness of them that keep judgment, and of him that doeth 

4 righteousness at all times. Remember me, O Eternal, with the 
favour that thou bearest unto thy people : O bear me in mind with 

5 thy salvation ; That I may see the good of thy chosen, that I may 
rejoice in the gladness of thy nation, that I may glory with thine 

6 inheritance. We have sinned with our fathers, we have committed 

7 iniquity, we have done wickedly. Our fathers in Egypt considered 
not thy wonders ; they remembered not the multitude of thy mer- 

8 cies ; but were rebellious at the sea, even at the Red Sea.'* Never- 
theless, he saved them for his name's sake, to make known his 

• his soul. - put. ^ make hear. ^ sea of flags. 


9 mighty power. He rebuked the Red Sea' also, and it was dried 
up : so he led them through the depths, as through the desert. 

10 And he saved them from the hand of a hater, and redeemed them 

11 from the hand of an enemy. And waters covered their adversaries : 

12 there was not one of them left. Then believed they his words ; they 

13 sang his praise. They soon forgot his works; they w-aited not for 

14 his counsel : But lusted exceedingly in the desert, and tried God in 

15 the waste. And he gave them their request ; but sent leanness into 

16 their soul. They envied Moses also in the camp, and Aaron the saint 

17 of the Eternal. The earth opened and swallowed up Dathan, and 

18 covered the assembly of Abiram. And a fire was kindled in their 

19 assembly; a flame burned up wicked ones. They made a calf in 

20 Horeb, and prostrated themselves before a molten image. Thus they 
changed their glory into the similitude of an ox that eateth grass. 

21 They forgot God their saviour, who had done great things in Egypt; 

22 Wondrous works in the land of Ham, and terrible things by the Red 

23 sea.' Therefore be said that he would exterminate them, had not 
Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his 

24 fury from destroying. Yea, they despised a land of pleasantness ; 
2.5 they believed not his word : But murmured in their tents, and 

26 hearkened not unto the voice of the Eternal. Therefore he lifted up 

27 his hand against them, to overthrow them in the desert : To overthrow 
their seed also among the nations, and to scatter them in the lands. 

28 They were attached also unto Baal-peor, and ate sacrifices of the 

29 dead. Thus they provoked him to anger with their performances : 

30 and a plague burst in upon them. Then stood up Phinehas, and 

31 did execution: and so the pestilence was stayed. And that was 

32 counted unto him for righteousness unto all ages for evermore They 
angered him also at the waters of strife, so that it went ill with Moses 

33 for their sakes : Because they provoked his spirit, so that he spake 

34 unadvisedly with his lips. They did not exterminate the peoples, 

35 concerning whom the Eternal commanded^ them : But were mingled 

36 among the nations, and learned their works. And they served their 

37 idols : which were a snare unto them. Yea, they sacrificed their 

38 sons and their daughters unto the demons. And shed innocent blood, 
even the blood of their sons and of their daughters, whom they sacri- 
ficed unto the idols of Canaan : and the land was polluted with the 

39 blood. Thus were they defiled with their own works, and went a 

40 whoring with their own performances. Therefore the wrath of the 
Eternal glowed against his people, insomuch that he abhorred his 

41 own inheritance. And he gave them into the hand of nations ; and 

42 they that hated them ruled over them. Their enemies also oppressed 
them, and they were brought into subjection under their hand. 

43 Many times did he deliver them ; but they provoked him with their 

1 spa ol flags. ' said. 


44 counsel, and were brought low for their iniquity. Nevertheless he 

45 regarded their affliction, when he heard their cry : And he remem- 
bered for them his covenant, and repented according to the multitude 

46 of his mercies. He made them also to be pitied of all those that car- 

47 ried them captives. Save us, O Eternal our God, and gather us from 
among the nations, to give thanks unto the name of thy holiness, awe? 

48 to triumph in thy praise. Blessed be the Eternal God of Israel, from 
everlasting to everlasting : and all the people said, Amen. Praise 
ye the Eternal. 

1 Psalm cvii. — 'O give thanks unto the Eternal : for he is good: for 

2 his mercy endureth for ever. Let the redeemed of the Eternal say 

3 so, whom he hath redeemed from the hand of an adversary ; And 
gathered them out of lands, from east, and from west, from north, 

4 and from the sea. They wandered in the desert, in a solitary 

5 way ; they found no city of habitation. Hungry and thirsty, their 

6 soul fainted in them. Then they cried unto the Eternal in their 

7 trouble, and he delivered them out of their straits. And he led them 
forth by a straight way, that they might go to a city of habitation. 

8 Oh that men would praise the Eternal for his goodness, and for his 

9 wonderful works to the children of men ! For he satisfieth a longing 

10 soul, and filleth a hungry soul with goodness. They that sit in dark- 
ness and in the shadow of death, being bound in affliction and iron ; 

1 1 Because they rebelled against the words of God, and contemned the 

12 counsel of the Most High: So that he humbled their heart with 

13 trouble, so that they stumbled and there tvas none to help, xA.nd 
cried unto the Eternal in their distress, so that he should save them 

14 ,out of their straits, That he should bring them out of darkness and 

15 the shadow of death, and loosen their bands — Let them give thanks 
to the Eternal ybr his mercy, and for his. wonderful works to the 

16 children of men ! For he hath broken the doors of copper, and cut 

17 the bars of iron in sunder. Fools, because of the way of their trans- 

18 gression, and because of their iniquities, are afflicted. Their soul ab- 
horreth all manner of meat ; and they draw near unto the gates of 

19 death. Then they cry unto the Eternal in their distress, and he 

20 saveth them out of their straits, Sendeth his word, andhealeth them, 

21 and delivereth them from their destructions. Let them give thanks 
unto the Eternal for his mercy, and /or his wonderful works to the 

22 children of men ! And let them sacrifice sacrifices of thanksgivings, 

23 and relate his works with shouting. They that go down to the sea 

24 in ships, that perform labour in great' waters ; These see the works 

25 of the Eternal, and his wonders in the deep. He saith and causeth 

26 A storm wind to subside, he saith and it raiseth the wave thereof. 
They rise to the heaven, sink down again to the depths : their soul 

27 melted because of evil. They reel to and fro, and stagger like the 

28 drunken man, and are at their wit's end.^ Then they cry unto the 
Eternal in their distress, and he bringeth them out of their straits. 

29 He maketh the storm a calm, so that the waves thereof are still. 

' many. - their wisdom is swallowed. 


30 Then are they glad because they are quiet ; so he guideth them unto 

31 their desired haven. Let them thank the Eternal yb/- his goodness, 

32 and /or his wonderful works to the children of men ! Let them exalt 
him also in the peoples' assembly, and praise him in the seat 

33 of elders. He turneth rivers into a desert, and watersprings into dry 

34 ground ; A fruitful land into saltiness, for the wickedness of them 

35 that dwell therein. He turneth a desert into a pond of water, and 

36 dry ground into watersprings. And there he maketh hungry ones to 

37 dwell, that they may prepare a city for habitation ; And sow fields, 

38 and plant vineyards, which may yield^ fruits of increase. He blesseth 
them also, so that they are multiplied greatly ; and suffereth not their 

39 beasts to decrease. Pouring contempt upon nobles, he led them in 

40 pathless wastes. They diminish and sink low through restraint, evil, 

41 and sorrow. Yet setteth he the poor on high from affliction, and 

42 maketh him families like a flock. The upright shall see it, and re- 

43 joice : and all iniquity shall stop its mouth. Whoso is wise, will 
observe these things, and consider the mercies of the Eternal. 

1 Psalm cviii. — A Song and Psalm unto David. — O God, my heart 

2 is fixed; I will sing and hymn, even with my glory. Awake, psal- 

3 tery and harp : I will awake the morning dawn. I will thank thee, 
O Eternal, among the peoples : and I will hymn thee among the 

4 races. For thy mercy is great above the heavens : and thy truth 

5 reacheth unto the skies. Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens : 

6 and thy glory above all the earth ; That thy beloved may be de- 

7 livered : save with thy right hand, and answer me. God hath spoken 
in his holiness, I will exult, I will divide Shechem, and mete out 

8 the valley of Succoth. Gilead is mine ; Mauasseh is mine ; Ephraim 

9 also is the strength of my head ; Judah is my lawgiver ; Moab is 
ray washpot ; over Edom will I cast out my shoe ; over Philistia will 

10 I triumph. Who will bring me into the fortified city ? who will lead 

11 me into Edom ? Wilt not thou, O God, icho hast cast us off? and 

12 wilt not thou, O God, go forth with our hosts ? Give us help from 

13 trouble: for vain is the help of man. Through God we shall do 
valiantly •? for he it is that shall tread down our adversaries. 

1 Psalm cix. — ^To the Director, unto David, a Psalm. — Hold not thy 

2 peace, O God of my praise ; For the mouth of the wicked and the 
mouth of cunning are opened against me : they have spoken 

3 against me with a lying tongue. They compassed me al)out also with 

4 words of hatred ; and fought against me without a cause. For my love 

5 they are adversaries tome, hut 1 (/ive myself unto prayer. And they 

' make. ^ force. 


6 have rewarded me evil for good, and hatred for my love. Set thou a 

7 wicked man over him : let a hinderer stand at his right hand. When 
he shall be judged, let him go forth condemned •} and let his prayer be- 

8 9 come sin. Let his days be few ; and let another take his office. Let 

10 his children be fatherless, and his wife a widow. Let his children 
continually wander about, and beg:^ let them seek their bread 

11 also out of their desolate places. Let the creditor ensnare all 

12 that he hath; and let strangers spoil his labour. Let there 
be none to extend mercy unto him : neither let there be any 

13 to favour his fatherless children. Let his posterity^ be cut off; 
and in the generation following let their name be blotted out. 

14 Let the iniquity of his fathers be remembered with the Eternal ; and 

15 let not the sin of his mother be blotted out. Let them be before 
the Eternal continually, that he may cut off the memory of them 

16 from the earth. Because that he remembered not to shew* mercy, 
but persecvited the poor and needy man, and the broken-hearted to the 

] 7 very death. As he loved cursing, so let it come unto him : as he de- 

18 lighted not in blessing, so let it be far from him. As he clothed 
himself with cursing like as with his garment, so let it come into his 

19 bowels like the water, and like the oil into his bones. Let it be unto 
him as the garment which covereth him, and for a girdle wherewith 

20 he is girded continually. Let this be the reward of mine adversaries 

21 from the Eternal, and of them that speak evil against my soul. But 
do thou for me, O Eternal Lord, for thy name's sake : because thy 

22 mercy is good, deliver thou me. For I am poor and needy, and my 

23 heart is wounded within me. I am gone like the shadow when it de- 

24 clineth : I am shaken off as the locust. My knees stumble through 

25 fasting ; and my flesh faileth of fatness. I became also a reproach 
unto them : when they looked upon me they shaked their heads. 

26 Help me, O Eternal my God : O save me according to thy mercy : 

27 That they may know that this is thy hand ; that thou, Eternal, hast 

28 done it. Let them curse, but bless thou : when they arise, let them 

29 be ashamed ; but let thy servant rejoice. Let mine adversaries be 
clothed with confusion, and let them cover themselves with their own 

30 shame, as with a mantle. I will greatly thank the Eternal with my 

31 mouth ; yea, I will praise him among many. For he shall stand at 
the right hand of the needy, to save him from those that judge his 

1 Psalm ex. — Unto David, a Psalm. — Declaration of the Eternal unto 
my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy 

2 footstool. The Eternal shall send the staff of thy might out of Zion : 

3 rule thou in the midst of thine enemies ; In the midst of thy people 
with noble-mindedness in the day of thypower,^ in the splendours of 

4 holiness, select from the womb, thine is the dew of thy youth. The 
Eternal halh sworn, and will not repent. Thou cr/ a priest for ever, 

5 my king in righteousness by my word. The lord at thy right hand 

6 shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath. He shall pro- 
nounce judgment among the nations, full of dead bodies j he shall 

' wicked. ^ ask. ^ remotcnese. * do. ' force. 


7 strike through the head on a vast land. He shall drink of a brook 
in the way : therefore shall he lift up his head. 

1 Psalm cxi. — Praise ye the Eternal. I will thank the Eternal with 
my whole heart, in the assembly of upright ones, and in a congrega- 

2 tion. The works of the Eternal are great, sought out of all them 

3 that have pleasure therein. Magnificence and splendour are his deeds : 

4 and his righteousness endureth for ever. He hath made his wonder- 
ful works to be remembered •} the Eternal is gracious and full of 

5 compassion. He hath given meaf^ unto them that fear him : he will 

6 ever be mmdful of his covenant. He hath shewed^ his people the 
power of his works, that he may give them the heritage of nations. 

7 The works of his hands are verity and judgment : all his enactments 

8 are sure. They are firmly established for ever, and are done in truth 

9 and uprightness. He sent release unto his people : he hath commanded 
10 his covenant for ever : holy and terrible is his name. The fear of the 

Eternal is the beginning of wisdom, a good understanding to all that 
practise them : his praise endureth for ever. 

1 Psalm cxii. — Praise ye the Eternal. — O happiness of the man that 
feareth the Eternal, that delighteth greatly in his commandments. 

2 His seed shall be mighty upon the earth : the'generation of the upright 

3 shall be blessed. Wealth and riches shall be in his house : and his 

4 righteousness endureth for ever. There ariseth in the darkness a light 
unto the upright, he being gracious and compassionate, and righteous. 

5 Good is a man that sheweth favour, and lendeth : he will sustain 

6 his cause* in judgment. Surely he shall not totter for ever: the 

7 righteous shall be in everlasting remembrance. He shall not fear 

8 evil tidings : his heart is firm, trusting in the Eternal. His heart 
is established, he shall not fear, until he see his desire upon his 

9 adversaries. He hath dispersed, he hath given to the needy; his 
righteousness endureth for ever ; his horn shall be exalted with 

10 honour. The wicked shall see it, and be grieved : he shall gnash 
with his teeth, and melt away : the desire of wicked ones shall 

1 Psalm cxiii. — Praise ye the Eternal. Praise, O ye servants of the 

2 Eternal, praise the name of the Eternal. Blessed be the name of the 

3 Eternal, from this time forth and for evermore. From the sunrise 

4 unto his going down the name of the Eternal is to be praised. The 
Eternal is high above all nations, and his glory above the heavens. 

5 Who is like unto the Eternal our God, who dwelletli on high, 
6 7 And looketh down so low at the heaven and the earth ! He raiseth 

8 up the indigent out of dust, and lifteth the needy out of dunghills ; 

9 That he may set him with nobles, even with the nobles of his people. 

10 He establisheth the barren one in the house : as the mother of 

11 children she rejoiceth. J^raise ye the Eternal. 

1 Psalm cxiv. — When Israel went out of E<i;ypt, the house of Jacob 

2 from a people of strange language; Judah was his sanctuary, and 

3 Israel his dominion. The sea saw it, and fled ; the Jordan was 

' a icniembrarice. * I'fcy. ' told. * words. 


4 turned back. The mountains skipped like rams, and hills like lambs. 

5 What ailed thee, O thou sea, that thou fleddest ; thou Jordan, that 
G thou wast turned back ? Ye mountains, that ye skipped like rams ; 

7 and ye hills, like lambs ? Writhe, thou earth, at the presence of the 

8 Lord, at the presence of the God of Jacob ; who turned the rock into 
a pool of water, a flint into fountains of water. 

1 Psalm cxv. — Not unto us, O Eternal, not unto us, but unto thy 

2 name give glory, for thy mercy and for thy truth's sake. Wherefore 

3 should the nations say. Where is now their God? But our God is 

4 in the heavens : he hath done whatsoever he hath pleased. Their idols 

are silver and gold, the work of men's hands. They have mouths, 

6 but they speak not : eyes have they, but they see not : They have 

7 ears, but they hear not : noses they have, but they smell not. They 
have hands, but they handle not : feet they have, but they walk not : 

8 neither is utterance in their throat. They that make them are like 

9 unto them ; so is every one that trusteth in them. O Israel, trust 
10 thou in the Eternal : he is their help and their shield. O house of 
1 1^ Aaron, trust in the Eternal : he is their help and their shield. Ye 

' that fear the Eternal, trust in the Eternal : he is their help and their 

12 shield. The Eternal hath remembered us : he will bless us ; he will 

13 bless the house of Israel ; he will bless the house of Aaron. He will 

14 bless them that fear the Eternal, both the small and the great. The 

15 Eternal shall add unto you, you and your children. Ye are blessed 

16 of the Eternal, who made heaven and earth. The heavens are hea- 
vens unto the Eternal ; but the earth hath he given to the children 

17 of men. The dead praise not the Eternal, neither any that go down 
] 8 into silence. But we will l)less the Eternal from this time forth and 

for evermore. Praise the Eternal. 

1 Psalm cxvi. — I rejoice,^ because the Eternal hath heard my voice 

2 and my supplications. Because he hath inclined his ear unto me, 

3 therefore will I call upon him as long as I live.^ The bonds of death 
compassed me, and the pains of helF got hold upon me : I found 

4 trouble and sorrow. Then called I upon the name of the Eternal ; 

5 O Eternal, I beseech thee, rescue my soul. Gracious is the Eternal, 

6 and righteous ; yea, our God is merciful. The Eternal guardeth the 

7 simple : I was in misery, and he saved me. Return unto thy rest, O 

8 my soul ; for the Eternal hath dealt bountifully with thee. For thou 
hast delivered my soul from death, mine eyes from tears, and my feet 

9 from falling. I will walk before the Eternal in the lands of the 
10 11 living. I believed when I spake : I announced aloud, I said in my 

12 haste. Everything in man is deceptive. What shall I render unto 

13 the Eternal for all his benefits towards me ? I will take the cup of 

love. ^ in my days. ' the grave. 


14 salvation, and call upon the name of the Eternal. I will pay my vows 

15 unto the Eternal, now in the presence of all his people. Destruction 

16 upon his saints is but rare in the sight of the Eternal. O Eternal, 
truly I am thy servant ; I am thy servant, and the son of thy hand- 

17 maid: thou hast loosed my bonds. I will sacrifice to thee the sacri- 

18 fice of thanksgiving, and will call upon the name of the Eternal. I 
will pay my vows unto the Eternal now in the presence of all his 

19 people. In the courts of the house of the Eternal, in the midst of 
thee, O Jerusalem. Praise ye the Eternal. 

1 Psalm c-x-vii. — O praise the Eternal, all ye nations : extol him, all 

2 races. For his mercy prevails over us ; and the truth of the 
Eternal endureth for ever. Praise ye the Eternal. 

1 Psalm cxviii. — O give thanks unto the Eternal, for he is good : 

2 because his mercy endureth for ever. Let Israel now say, that his 

3 mercy endureth for ever. Let the house of Aaron now say, that his 

4 mercy endureth for ever. Let them now that fear the Eternal say, 

5 that his mercy endureth for ever. I called upon the Eternal from 

6 the confined space : the Eternal answered me in the large space. The 
Eternal is for me ; I will not fear : what can man do unto me ; 

7 The Eternal is for me with them that help me : therefore shall I see 

8 my desire uT^on them that hate me. It is better to trust in the Eter- 

9 nal than to put confidence in man. It is better to trust in the 

10 Eternal than to put confidence in nobles. All nations compassed me 

11 about: but in the name of the Eternal I will cut them oflF. They 
compassed me about ; yea, they compassed me about : but in the 

12 name of the Eternal I will cut them off. They compassed me about 
like bees ; they are quenched as the fire of thorns : for in the name 

13 of the Eternal I will cut them off. Thou hast thrust sore at me that 

14 I might fall : but the Eternal helped me. The Eternal is my might 

15 and my hymn, and is become my salvation. The voice (jf shouting 
and salvation is in the tents of the righteous ; the right hand of the 

16 Eternal doeth valiantly.^ The right hand of the Eternal is exalted: 

17 the right hand of the Eternal doeth valiantly.' I shall not die, but 

18 live, and declare the works of the Eternal. The Eternal hath 

19 chastened me sore : but he hath not given me over to the death. Open 
to me the gates of righteousness : I will go into them, a7id thank the 

20 Eternal. This is the gate for the Eternal, in it the righteous shall 

2 1 enter. I thank thee : for thou hast answered me, and art become 

22 my salvation. A stone which the builders scorned is become the 

23 head .stone of a corner. This was from the Eternal ; it is marvellous 

24 in our eyes. This is the day which the Eternal hath made ; we will 

' force. 


25 exult and rejoice in it. Save now, I beseech thee, O Eternal : O 

26 Eternal, I beseech thee, send now prosperity. Blessed be he that 
Cometh in the name of the Eternal : we have blessed you out of the 

27 house of the Eternal. God is the Eternal, who giveth us light ; 
bind the sacrifice^ with cords, even unto the horns of the altar. 

28 Thou art my God, and I will thank thee : thou art my God, I will 

29 exalt thee. Thank the Eternal ; for he is good : for his mercy 
endureth for ever. 

1 Psalm cxix. — Aleph. — O happiness of them whose way is perfect, 

2 who walk in the law of the Eternal. O happiness of them that 

3 observe his testimonies, and that inquire after him with the whole 

4 heart. They also work no iniquity : they walk in his ways. 

5 6 Thou hast commanded us to keep thy precepts dihgently. O that 

6 my ways were directed to keep thy statutes ! Then shall I not be 

7 ashamed, when I look at all thy commandments. I will thank thee 
with uprightness of heart, when I shall have learned the judgments of 

8 thy righteousness. I will keep thy statutes : O forsake me not 
ul terly. 

9 Beth. — Wherewithal shall a young man- cleanse his path ? by 

10 taking heed thereto according to thy word. With my whole heart 
have I inquired after thee : O let me not err from thy commandments. 

11 Thy word have I hid in my heart, that I might not sin against thee. 

12 13 Blessed art thou, O Eternal : teach me thy statutes. With my 

14 lips have I declared all the judgments of thy mouth. I have rejoiced 

15 in the way of thy testimonies, as much as in all riches. I will reflect 

16 on thy charges, and look at thy paths. I will delight myself in thy 
ordinances : I will not forget thy word. 

17 GiMEL.. — Deal bountifully with thy servant, ^^a^ I may live, and 

18 keep thy word. Uncover thou mine eyes, that I may behold won- 

19 drous things out of thy law. f am a stranger in the earth : hide^ not 

20 thy commandments from me. My soul breaketh for the longing that 

21 it hath unto thy judgments at all times. Thou hast rebuked the 

22 proud that are cursed, who do err from thy commandments. Roll 
from me reproach and contempt ; for I have observed thy testimonies. 

23 Princes also did sit and speak against me : but thy servant did reflect 

24 on thy statutes. Thy testimonies also are my delight and my coun- 

25 Daleth. — My soul cleaveth unto the dust : quicken thou me ac- 

26 cording to thy Avord. I have declared my ways, and thou answeredst 

27 me: teach me thy statutes. Make me to understand the way of thy 

28 precepts : so shall I reflect on thy wondrous works. My soul 
melteth for sadness : establish thou me according unto thy word. 

29 Remove from me the way of lying ; and grant me thy law graciously. 

30 I have chosen the way of faithfulness : thy judgments have I laid 

31 before me. I have cleaved unto thy testimonies : O Eternal, put me 

32 not to shame. I will run the way of thy commandments, when thou 
shalt enlarge my heart. 

33 He. — Teach me, O Eternal, the way of thy statutes ; and I will 

* festival. - Loy. ^ screen. * men of my counseJ. 


34 observe it, /or there is reward. Give me understanding, and I shall 

35 observe thy law; yea, I shall keep it with nnj whole heart. Make 
me to go in the path of thy commandments; for therein am I 

36 pleased. Incline my heart unto thy testimonies, and not to covetous- 

37 ness. Turn away mine eyes from beholding vanity : and quicken 

38 thou me in thy way. Stablish thy word unto thy servant, who is 

39 devoted to thy fear. Turn away my disgrace which I dread : for thy 

40 judgments are good. Behold, I have longed after thy precepts : 
quicken me in thy righteousness. 

41 Vau. — Let thy mercies come also unto me, O Eternal, even thy 

42 salvation, according to thy word. So shall I have wherewith to answer 

43 my reviler : for I trust in thy word. And take^ not the word of truth 

44 utterly out of my mouth ; for I have waited for thy judgments. So 

45 shall I keep thy law continually for ever and ever. And I will walk 

46 forth in the wide space : for I search thy precepts. I will speak of 

47 thy testimonies also before kings, and will not be ashamed. And I 

48 will delight myself in thy commandments, which I have loved. My 
hands also will I lift up unto thy commandments, which I have 
loved ; and I will reflect on thy statutes. 

49 Zain. — Remember the word unto thy servant, for which thou hast 

50 caused me to wait. This is my comfort in my poverty : for thy 

5 1 word hath quickened me. Proud ones have had me greatly in deri- 

52 sion : yet have I not declined from thy law. I remembered thy 

53 judgments of old, O Eternal ; and have comforted myself. Horror hath 

54 taken hold upon me because of the wicked that forsake thy law. Thy 

55 statutes have been my songs in the house of my sojourning. I have 
remembered thy name, O Eternal, in the night, and have kept thy 

56 law. This I had, because I observed thy precepts. 

57 Cheth. — My portion is the Eternal : I said to keep thy words. 

58 I entreated thy favour with my whole heart : be raexciful unto me 

59 according to thy word. I thought on my ways, and turned my feet 

60 unto thy testimonies. I made haste, and delayed not to keep thy 

61 commandments. Cords of wicked ones wind round me : but 1 have 

62 not forgotten thy law. At midnight I will rise to give thanks unto 

63 thee because of thy righteous judgments. I am a companion of all 

64 them that fear thee, and of them that keep thy precepts. The earth, 
O Eternal, is full of thy mercy : teach me thy statutes. 

65 Tetfi. — Thou hast dealt well with thy servant, O Eternal, according 

66 unto thy word. Teach me goodness of understanding and knowledge : 

67 for I have believed thy commandments. Before I was afflicted I 

68 went astray : but now have I kept thy word. Thou art good, and 

69 doest good ; teach me thy statutes. Proud ones have forged a lie 
against me: but 1 will obser\e thy precepts with my \i\\o\Q heart. 

' deliver. 


70 Their heart is as fat as the grease : but I delight in thy law. 

71 It is good for me that I have been afflicted ; that I might learn thy 

72 statutes. The law of thy mouth is better unto me than thousands 
of gold and silver. 

7.3 JoD. — Thy hands have made me and fashioned me : give me under- 

74 standing, that I may learn thy commandments. They that fear 
thee will be glad when they see me ; because I have waited for thy 

75 word. I know, O Eternal, that thy judgments are right, and that 

76 thou in faithfulness hast afflicted me. Let, I pray thee, thy merci- 
ful kindness be for my comfort, according to thy saying unto thy 

77 servant. Let thy mercies come unto me, that I may live : for thy 

78 law is my delight. Let proud ones be ashamed ; for they dealt 
perversely with me without a cause :' but I will reflect on thy pre- 

79 cepts. Let those that fear thee turn unto me, and those that have 

80 known thy testimonies. Let my heart be perfect in thy statutes; 
that I be not ashamed. 

81 Caph. — My soul longeth for thy salvation, but 1 wait for thy word. 

82 Mine eyes long for thy word,^ saying. When wilt thou comfort me ? 

83 For I am become like a skin bottle in smoke ; yet do I not forget 

84 thy statutes. How many are the days of thy servant ? when wilt 

85 thou execute judgment on them that pursue me ? Proud ones have 

86 digged pits for me, which is not after thy law. All thy command- 
ments are faithful, they pursue me wrongfully;^ help thou me. 

87 They had almost consumed me upon earth ; but I forsook not thy 

88 precepts. Quicken me after thy mercy j so shall I keep the testi- 
mony of thy mouth. 

89 Lamed. — For ever, O Eternal, thy word is settled in the heaven. 

90 Thy faithfulness is unto all generations : thou hast established the 

91 earth, and it abideth.^ They continue* this day according to thine 

92 ordinances,'^ for all are thy servants. Unless thy law had been my 

93 delights, I should then have perished in mine affliction.^ I will 
never forget thy precepts : for with them thou hast quickened me. 

94 I am thine, save me ; for I have searched thy precepts. The 

95 wicked have waited for me to destroy me : but I will consider thy 

96 testimonies. I have seen an end of all perfection, but thy command- 
ment is exceeding broad. 

97 Mem — O how love I thy law! it is my meditation all the day. 

98 Thou through thy commandments hast made me wise above mine ene- 
mies : for they are ever with me. I have more understanding than 

100 all my teachers : for thy testimonies are my meditation. I am 

101 intelligent above the ancients, because I observe thy precepts. I 
have refrained my feet from every path, that I might keep thy 

102 word. I have not departed from thy judgments; for thou hast 

103 taught me. How sweet are thy words unto my palate ! yea, sweeter 

104 than honey to my mouth. Through thy precepts I get understand- 
ing : therefore I hate every false way.'^ 

105 Nun. — Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light upon my 

' a lie. ' sf.ying. ^ standeth. ■* stand. •''judgments. "poverty. ' lying path. 


106 path. I have sworn, and I will perform zY, that I will keep thy 

107 righteous judgments. I am afflicted very much: quicken me, O 

108 Eternal, according unto thy word. Accept, I beseech thee, the free- 
will offerings of my mouth, O Eternal, and teach me thy judgments. 

109 My soul is continually in my hand: yet do I not forget thy law. 

110 Wicked ones have laid a snare for me : yet I erred not from thy 

111 precepts. Thy testimonies have I taken as an heritage for ever: 

112 for they are the rejoicing of my heart. I have inclined my heart 
to perform thy statutes alway, even unto the end. 

113 114 Samech. — I hate waverers : but thy law do I love. Thou«r/my 

115 hiding place and my shield : I hope in thy word. Depart from me, 
ye evil-doers : for I will observe the commandments of my God. 

116 Uphold me according unto thy word/ that I may live : and let me 

117 not be ashamed of my hope. Sustain thou me, and I shall be safe : 

118 and I will have respect unto thy statutes continually. Thou hast 
trodden down all them that err from thy statutes : for their deceit 

119 is falsehood. Thou puttest away all the wicked of the earth like 

120 dross: therefore I love thy testimonies. My flesh shuddereth for 
fear of thee ; and I am afraid of thy judgments. 

121 AiN. — I have done judgment and justice : leave me not to mine 

122 oppressors. Be surety for thy servant for good : let not proud ones 

123 oppress me. Mine eyes long for thy salvation, and for the word^ of 

124 thy righteousness. Deal with thy servant according unto thy mercy, 

1 25 and teach me thy statutes. I am thy servant ; give me understand- 
12G ing, that I may know thy testimonies. It is time for the Eternal, 

127 to work ybr they have made void thy law. Therefore I love thy 

128 commandments above gold ; yea, above fine gold. Therefore I 
esteem all thy precepts concerning all things to be right ; and I hate 
every false way.^ 

129 Pe. — Thy testimonies are wonderful : therefore doth my soul ob- 

130 serve them. The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth 

131 understanding unto the simple. I opened my n)outh, and panted; 

132 for I longed for thy commandments. Turn thou unto me, and be 
gracious unto me, as thou usest todounto those that love thy name. 

133 Order^ my steps in thy word :^ and let not any iniquity have do- 

134 minion over me. Release me from the oppression of man : so will 

135 I keep thy precepts. Make thy face to shine upon thy servant : and 

136 teach me thy statutes. Rivers'* of waters run down mine eyes, 
because they keep not thy law. 

137 TzADDi. — Righteous art thou, O Eternal,' upright are thy jndg- 

138 ments. Thy testimonies that thou hast commanded are righteous 

139 and very faithful. My zeal hath consumed me, because mine advcr- 

140 saries have forgotten thy words. Thy word^ is very refined : there- 

141 fore thy servant loveth it. I am small'' and despised : yel do not I 

142 forget thy precepts. Thy righteousness is an everlasting righteous- 

143 ness, and tliy law is the truth. Trouble and anguish have taken 

* saying. 2 lying path. ^ prepare. '' rills. ^ young. 



144 hold^ on me : yet thy commandments are my delights. The right- 
eousness of thy testimonies is everlasting : give me understanding, 
and I shall live. 

145 KoPH. — I cried with mij whole heart ; answer me, O Eternal : I 

146 will observe thy statutes. I cried unto thee ; save me, and I shall 

147 keep thy testimonies. I anticipated the dawning of the morning, 

148 and cried for help : I hoped in thy word. Mine eyes anticipate the 

149 night watches, that I might reflect on thy word.^ Hear my voice 
according unto thy mercy : O Eternal, quicken me according to thy 

150 judgment. They draw nigh that follow after mischief: they are far 

151 from thy law. Thou art near, O Eternal ; and all thy command- 

152 ments are truth. Concerning thy testimonies, I have known of old 
that thou hast founded them for ever. 

153 Resh. — Consider mine affliction,^ and dehver me: for I do not 

154 forget thy law. Plead my cause, and redeem me: quicken me 

155 according to thy word. Salvation is far from wicked ones: for 

156 they search not thy statutes. Great ^? thy compassion, O Eternal: 

157 quicken me according to thy judgments. Many are my persecutors 
and mine adversaries ; yet do I not decline from thy testimonies. 

158 I saw faithless ones, and was grieved; because they kept not thy 

159 word.- See how I love thy precepts : quicken me, O Eternal, 

160 according to thy mercy. The summit of thy word is truth : and 
every one of thy righteous judgments endureth for ever. 

161 ScHiN. — Princes* have persecuted me without a cause : but my 

162 heart standeth in awe of thy word. I rejoice at thy word, as one 

163 that findeth great spofl. I hate and abhor lying : but thy law do I 

164 love. Seven times a day do I praise thee because of thy righteous 

165 judgments. Great peace have they who love thy law : and there is 

166 no stumbling block for them. Eternal, 1 have hoped for thy salva- 

167 tion, and done thy commandments. My soul hath kept thy testi- 

168 monies; and I love them exceedingly. I have kept thy precepts 
and thy testimonies : for all my ways are before thee. 

169 Tau. — Let my cry^ come near before thee, O Eternal : give me 

170 understanding according to thy word. Let my supplication come 

171 before thee : deliver me according to thy word.- My lips shaU utter 

172 praise, when thou hast taught me thy statutes. My tongue shall 
speak of thy word -J^ for all thy commandments are righteousness. 

173 Let thy hand help me; for I have chosen thy precepts. I have 

174 longed for thy salvation, O Eternal; and thy law is my delight. 

175 Let my soul live, and it shall praise thee ; and let thy judgment help 

176 me. I have gone astray like a wandering sheep ; seek thy servant ; 
for I do not forget thy commandments. 

1 PsALM CXX. — A Song of the degrees. — In my distress, I cried unto 

2 the Eternal, and he answered me. Deliver my soul, O Eternal, from 

» found. 2 saying. =» poverty. * officers. ^ shout.* " answer thy saying. 


3 lying lips, and from a deceitful tongue. "What will a deceitful tongue 

4 give unto thee, and what will it add unto thee ? Sharp 

5 arrows of heroes, with burning coals of broom. Woe is me, that I 

6 sojourn in Mesech, that I dwell in the tents of Kedar ! My soul 

7 hath long dwelt with him that hateth peace. I am for peace : but 
when I speak, they are for war. 

1 Psalm cxxi, — A Song of the degrees. — [ will lift up mine eyes unto 

2 the mountains, from whence cometh my help ? My help cometh 

3 from the Eternal, who made heaven and earth. He will not suffer 

4 thy foot to totter : he that keepeth thee will not slumber. Behold, 

5 he that keepeth Israel shall neither slumber nor sleep. The Eternal 

6 is thy keeper ; the Eternal is thy shade upon thy right hand. The 

7 sun shall not smite thee by day, nor the moon by night. The Eternal 

8 shall preserve thee from all evil : he shall preserve thy soul. The 
Eternal shall preserve thy going out and thy coming in from this 
time forth, and even for evermore. 

1 Psalm cxxil — A Song of the degrees unto David. — I was glad when 

2 they said unto me. Let us go into the house of the Eternal. Our 

3 feet stood within thy gates, O Jerusalem. Jerusalem is built as a 

4 city that is compact^ together : Whither tribes go up, tribes of the 
Eternal, a testimony for Israel, to give thanks unto the name of the 

5 Eternal. For there they sat upon thrones of judgment, the thrones 

6 of the house of David. Ask ye after the welfare'- of Jerusalem : they 

7 shall prosper that love thee. Peace be within thy walls, ^ and pros- 

8 perity within thy palaces. For my brethren and fellows' sakes, I will 

9 now say,^ Peace be within thee. Because of the house of the Eternal 
our God I will seek thy good. 

1 Psalm cxxiii. — A Song of the degrees. — Unto thee lift I up mine 

2 eyes, O thou that dwellest in the heavens. Behold, as the eyes of 
servants look unto the hand of their masters, and as the eyes of a 
hand-maid unto the hand of her mistress ; so our eyes icait upon the 

3 Eternal our God, until that he be gracious unto us. Be gracious 
unto us, O Eternal, be gracious unto us : for we are exceedingly filled 

4 with contempt. Our soul is exceedingly filled with the scorning of 
those that are at ease, and vf'iih. the contempt of the proud. 

1 Psalm cxxiv. — A Song of the degrees unto David. — If it had not 

2 been the Eternal who w as for us, now may Israel say ; If it hud not 

3 been the Eternal who was for us, when men rose up against us : Then 
they had swallowed us up quick, when their wralh glowed against us : 

4 Then the waters had swept us away, a stream had gone over our soul : 

5 6 Then the proud waters had gone over our soul. Blessed be the 

joined. 2 peace. ^ irench. * speak. 


7 Eternal, who hath not given us as a prey to their teeth. Our soul is 
escaped as a bird out of the snare of fowlers : the snare is broken, 

8 and we are escaped. Our help is in the name of the Eternal, who 
made heaven and earth. 


1 Psalm cxxv. — A Song of the degrees. — They that trust in the Eternal 
shall be as mount Zion, which cannot be removed, but abideth for 

2 ever. Jerusalem — the mountains are round about it, so the Eternal 

3 is round about his people from henceforth even for ever. For the 
tribe of wickedness shall not rest near the lot of the righteous : lest 

4 the righteous put forth their hands unto iniquity. Do good, O 
Eternal, unto those that are good, and to them that are upright in 

5 their hearts. As for such as incline unto their crooked ways, the 
Eternal shall lead them forth with the workers of iniquity : but peace 
shall be upon Israel. 

1 Psalm cxxvi. — A Song of the degrees. — When the Eternal restored 

2 those returning to Zion, we were like them that dream. Then was 
our mouth filled with laughter, and our tongue with shouting: then 
said they among the nations, The Eternal hath done great things 

3 for them. The Eternal hath done great things for us ; whereof 

4 we are glad. Turn our captivity, O Eternal, as springs in the south. 

5 6 They that sow in tears shall reap with shouting. Weepingly he 
goeth along bearing the seed to be sown^ he returneth back with 
shouting bearing his sheaves. 

1 Psalm cxxvii. — A Song of the degrees unto Solomon. — Except the 
Eternal build the bouse, they labour in vain that build it : except the 

2 Eternal keep the city, the watchman' waketh but in vain. It is vain 
for you to rise up early, to sit up late, to eat the bread of sorrows : he 

3 giveth his beloved this- in sleep: Lo, children are an heritage of 

4 the Eternal : and the fruit of the womb is his reward. As arrows 

5 are in the hand of a hero, so are children of the youth. O happi- 
ness of the man that hath his quiver full of them : they shall not be 
ashamed, when they shall talk with enemies in the gate. 

1 Psalm cxxviii. — A song of the degrees. — O happiness of every one 

2 that feareth the Eternal ; that walketh in his ways. If thou eatest 
of the labour of thy hands : then is happiness thine, and it shall be 

3 well with thee. Thy wife shall be as a fruitful vine by the sides'^ of 
thy house : thy children like olive shoots round about thy table. 

4 Behold, that thus a man shall be blessed that feareth the Eternal. 

5 The Eternal shall bless thee out of Zion : and thou shalt see the 

6 good of Jerusalem. Yea, thou shalt see thy children's children^ a/td 
peace upon Israel. 

1 Psalm cxxix. — A Song of the degrees. — Many a time have they 

'keeper. ^ tjjus. ^ in the two thighs. 


2 vexed me from my youth, may Israel now say : Many a time have 
they vexed me from my youth : yet they have not prevailed against 

3 me. The ploughers ploughed upon my back; they made long their fur- 

4 rows. The Eternal is righteous : he hath cut asunder the cords of 

5 wicked ones. Let them all be ashamed and turned back that hate Zion. 

6 Let them be as the grass which withereth before it is plucked out : 

7 Wherewith the mower lilleth not his hand ; nor he that bindeth sheaves 

8 his arm. Neither do they who go by say, The blessing of the Eter- 
nal be with you : we bless you in the name of the Eternal. 

1 Psalm cxxx. — A Song of the degrees. — Out of depths have I called 

2 unto thee, O Eternal. Lord, hear my voice : let thine ears be atten- 

3 tive to the voice of my supplications. If thou. Lord, shouldst mark^ 

4 iniquities, O Eternal, who shall stand ? But there is the forgiveness 

5 with thee, that thou mayest be feared. I wait for the Eternal, my 

6 soul doth wait, and in his word do I hope. My soul waiteth for the 
Eternal more than they that watch for the morning: I say, more than 

7 they that watch for the morning. Let Israel hope in the Eternal : 
for with the Eternal there is the mercy, and with him is plenteous 

8 redemption. And he shall release Israel fi-ora all his iniquities. 

1 Psalm Cxxxi. — A Song of the degrees, unto David. — Eternal, my 
heart is not haughty, nor mine eyes lofty : neither do I exercise my- 

2 selt^ in great matters, or in things too high' for me. If I have not 
quieted and appeased my soul, as a child that is weaned of his mo- 

3 ther . . . . : my soul is even as a weaned child. Let Israel hope in 
the Eternal from henceforth and for ever. 

1 Psalm cxxxii. — A Song of the degrees. — Eternal, remember unto 

2 David, all his afflictions : How he sware unto the Eternal, and 

3 vowed unto the mighty God of Jacob. If I come into the tent of my 

4 house, go up to the bedstead of my couch. If I give sleep to mine 

5 eyes, or slumber to mine eyelids. Until I find out a place for the 
G Eternal, habitations for the mighty God/ of Jacob .... Lo, we heard 

7 of it at Ephratah : we found it in the fields of Jear. We will go 

8 into his habitations : we will prostrate ourselves at his footstool. Arise, 

9 O Eternal, into thy rest: thou and the ark of thy might. Let thy 
priests be clothed with righteousness ; and let thy pious ones shout 

10 for joy. For thy servant David's sake, turn not away the face of thine 

1 1 anointed. The Eternal hath sworn in truth unto l^avid ; he will 
not turn from it ; Of the fruit of thy body will I set upon thy throne. 

12 If thy children will keep my covenant and my testimony that I shall 
teach them, their children shall also sit upon thy throne for evermore. 

13 For the Eternal hath chosen Zion : he hath desired it for his habi- 

14 tation. This is my rest for ever : here will I dwell ; for I have de- 

' keep. - wal'-; about. ' wonderl'iil. 


15 sired it. I will abundantly bless her provision: I will satisfy her 

16 poor with bread. I will also clothe her priests with salvation : and 

17 her pious ones shall go on shouting. There will I make the horn of 

18 David to grow : have I ordained a lamp for mine anointed. His 
enemies will 1 clothe with shame : but upon himself shall his crown 

1 Psalm cxxxiii. — A Song of the degrees, unto David. — Behold, how 

2 truly good and how pleasant is the dwelling of brethren together ! It 

3 is like the precious ointment^ upon the head, that ran down upon the 
beard, even Aaron's beard : that went down to the skirts^ of his gar- 

4 ments ; As the dew of Hermon, mid as the dew that descended upon 
the mountains of Zion : for there the Eternal commanded the bless- 
ing, even life for evermore. 

1 Psalm cxxxiv. — A Song of the degrees. — Behold, bless ye the 
Eternal, all ye servants of the Eternal, who in the nights stand in the 

2 house of the Eternal. Lift up your hands in the sanctuary, and bless 

3 the Eternal. May the Eternal that made heaven and earth bless thee 
out of Zion. 

1 Psalm cxxxv. — Praise ye the Eternal. Praise ye the name of the 

2 Eternal ; praise him, O ye servants of the Eternal. Ye that stand in 
the house of the Eternal, in the courts of the house of our God. 

3 Praise the Eternal j for the Eternal is good; hymn his name; 

4 for it is pleasant. For the Eternal hath chosen Jacob unto himself, 

5 and Israel for his peculiar treasure. For I know that the Eternal is 

6 great, and that our Lord is above all gods. Whatsoever the Eternal 
pleased, that did he in heaven, and in earth, in the seas, and all deep 

7 places. He causeth vapours to ascend from the extremities of the 
earth, he maketh lightnings for the rain ; he bringeth the wind out of 

8 his treasuries. Who smote the firstborn of Egypt, both of man and 

9 beast, fVho sent signs and wonders into the midst of thee, O Egypt, 

10 upon Pharaoh, and upon all his servants. Who smote many nations, 

11 slew mighty kings ; Sihon king of the Amorites, and Og king of Ba- 

12 shan, and all the kingdoms of Canaan : And gave their land for an in- 

13 heritance, an inheritance unto Israel his people. Thy name, O Eter- 
nal, endureth for ever ; and thy memorial, O Eternal, throughout all 

14 generations. For the Eternal will pronounce judgment on his people, 

15 and he will repent himself concerning his servants. The idols of the 

16 nations are silver and gold, the work of men's hands. Mouths they 

17 have, but they speak not ; eyes they have, but they see not. Ears 
they have, but they hear^ not ; neither is there any breath* in their 

the good oil. * mouth. ^ listen. * spirit. 


18 mouths. They that make them are like unto them: so is every one 

19 thattrusteth in them. O house of Israel, bless the Eternal : O house 

20 of Aaron, bless the Eternal : O house of Levi, bless the Eternal ; ye 

21 that fear the Eternal, bless the Eternal. Blessed be the Eternal out 
of Zion, who dwelleth at Jerusalem. Praise ye the Eternal. 

1 Psalm cxxxvi. — O give thanks unto the Eternal ; for he is good : 

2 for his mercy e?idureth for ever. O give thanks unto the God of 

3 gods : for his mercy endureth for ever. O give thanks unto the 

4 Lord of lords : for his mercy endureth for ever. To him who alone 

5 doeth great wonders : for his mercy endureth for ever. To him that 
with understanding made the heavens : for his mercy endureth for 

6 ever. To him that stretched out the earth above the waters : for his 

7 mercy endureth for ever. To him that made great lights : for his 

8 mercy endureth for ever. The sun to rule by day : for his mercy 

9 endureth for ever : The moon and stars to rule by night : for his 

10 mercy endureth for ever. To him that smote Egypt in their firstborn : 

1 1 for his mercy endureth for ever : And brought out Israel from 

12 among them : for his mercy endureth for ever : With a strong hand, 

13 and with a stretched out arm : for his mercy endureth for ever. To 
him who broke up the Red Sea' into fragments : for his mercy 

14 endureth for ever : And made Israel to pass through the midst of 

15 it : for his mevcy e?idureth for ever: But overthrew Pharoah and 

16 his force in the Red Sea' , for his mercy endureth for ever. To 
him who led his people through the desert : for his mercy endureth 

1 7 for ever. To him who smote great kings : for his mercy endureth for 

18 ever: And slew mighty kings: for his mercy endureth for ever: 

19 Sihon king of the Amorites: for his mercy endureth for ever: 

20 And Og king of Bashan : for his mercy endureth for ever : And 

21 gave their land for an inheritance: for his mercy endureth for 

22 ever: Even an inheritance unto Israel his servant: for his mercy 

23 endureth for ever. Who remembered us in our low estate : for his 

24 mercy endureth for ever : And hath redeemed- us from our adversa- 

25 ries : for his mercy endureth for ever. Who giveth food^ to all flesh : 

26 for his mercy endureth for ever. O give thanks unto the God of the 
heaven : for his mercy endureth for ever. 

1 Psalm cxxxvii. — By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, 

2 we wept, when we remembered Zion. We hanged our harps upon 

3 willows in the midst thereof. For there they that carried us away 
captive required of us a song ; and they that wasted us required of 

4 MS' joy, saying. Sing us one of the songs of Zion. How shall we sing 

* sea of flags. ^ broke oflT. ^ bread. 


5 the Eternal's song in a strange land ? If T forget thee, O Jerusalem, 

6 let my right hand forget her cunning. If I do not remember thee, 
let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth ; if I prefer^ not Jeru- 

7 salem above my chief joy. Remember, O Eternal, the children of 
Edom in the day of Jerusalem ; who said, Rase it, rase it, evento the 

8 foundation thereof. O daughter of Babylon, who art to be stripped ! 
O happiness of him that shall pay thee thy reward^ as thou hast 

9 served^ us. O happiness of him that shall seize and dash thy babes 
against the rock. 

1 Psalm cxxxviii. — Unto David. — I will acknowledge thee with my 

2 whole heart : before the gods will I hymn thee. 1 will prostrate 
myself before the temple of thy holiness, and acknowledge thy name 
for thy mercy and thy truth : for thou hast magnified thy word^ 

3 above all thy name. In the day when I cried thou answeredst me, and 

4 elatedst me ivith strength in my souL All the kings of the earth 
shall acknowledge thee, O Eternal, when they hear the words* of thy 

5 mouth. Yea, they shall sing in the ways of the Eternal : for great 

6 is the glory of the Eternal. Though the Eternal be exalted, yet hath 
he respect^ unto the lowly : but the proud'' he knoweth afar off. 

7 Though I walk in the midst of trouble, thou wilt revive me : thou 
shalt stretch forth'^ thy hand against the wrath of mine enemies, and 

8 thy right hand shall save me. The Eternal will perfect that which 
concerneth me : thy mercy, O Eternal, endureth for ever : forsake 
not the works of thine own hands. 

1 Psalm cxxxix. — To the Director, unto David, a Psalm. — O Eter- 

2 nal, thou hast searched me, and known me. Thou knowest my down- 
sitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off. 

3 Thou compassest^ my path and my lying down, and art acquainted^ 

4 with all my ways. For there is not a word in my tongue, but, lo, O 

5 Eternal, thou knowest it altogether. Thou hast beset me behind 

6 and before, and laid thy hand upon me. Such knowledge is too 

7 wonderful for me ; it is high, I cannot attain unto it. Whither shall 

8 I go from thy spirit ? or whither shall I flee from tby presence .'' If I 
ascend up into heaven, thou art there : if I make my bed in /Ae grave, 

9 behold, thou art there. If I take^" the wings of the morning dawn 

10 awe? dwell in the uttermost parts oi the sea; Even there shall thy 

11 hand lead me, and thy right hand shall hold me. If I say. Surely 

12 darkness shall cover me : even night shall be light about me. Yea, 
darkness darkenethnot from thee ; but night shineth as the day : the 

1 3 darkness and the light are both alike to thee. For thou hast possessed 

14 my reins: thou hast sheltered me in my mother's womb. I will 
acknowledge thee : for I am marvellously^^ distinguished : wonderful 

15 are thy works; and that my soul knoweth right well. My substauce^^ 

'bring up. * requital. ^requited. ^saying. ^ seetli. ^ jijoji. 'send. 
* winnowest. '■'accustomed. '"bear. '^ fearfully. '-bone. 



was not hicP from thee, when I was made in secret, and curiously 

16 wrought in the lowest parts of the earth. Thine eyes did see my 
substance, yet being imperfect ; and in thy book all my members were 
written, ichich in continuance^ were fashioned, when as yet there was 

17 none of them. How precious also are thy thoughts unto me, O God ! 

18 how great^ is the sum^ of them; Ifl should count them, they ai'e 
•19 more in number than sand: when 1 awake, I am still with thee. If 

thou wilt slay the wicked, O God . . . depart from me therefore, ye 

20 sanguinary men. For they speak^ against thee wickedly," and thine 

21 enemies take thy name in vain. Do not I hate them, O Eternal, that 
hate thee : and am not I grieved with those that rise up against thee ? 

22 I hate them with perfect hatred : I count them mine enemies. 

23 Search me, O God, and know my heart : try me, and know my 

24 thoughts : And see if there be any wicked way'^ in me, and lead me 
in the way everlasting. 

1 Psalm cxl. — To the Director, a Psalm unto David. — Rescue me, 
O Eternal, from an evil man : preserve me from a man of violence. 

2 Who imagine^ mischiefs in their heart ; continually^ they foment war. 

3 They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent ; adder's poison^*' is 

4 under their lips. Selah. Keep me, O Eternal, from the hands of 
the wicked; preserve me from a man of violence ; who hath purposed" 

5 to overthrow my goings. The proud have hid a snare for me, and 
cords ; they have spread a net by the wayside ; they have set gins for 

6 me. Selah. T said unto the Eternal, Thou art my God : listen to 

7 the voice of my supplications, O Eternal. O Eternal, Lord, 
strength of my salvation, thou hast covered^^ my head in the day of 

8 battle. ^^ Grant not, O Eternal, the desires of the wicked : further not 

9 his wicked device ; /e^^ they exalt themselves. Selah. ^s/br the head 
of those that compass me about, let the mischief of their own lips 

10 cover them. Let burning coals be thrown upon them : let them be 

1 1 cast into the fire ; into deep pits, that they rise not up again. Let 
not an evil speaker^'^ be established in the earth: evil shall hunt the 

12 violent man to overthrow him. I know that the Eternal will main- 

13 tain the cause of the poor, and the right of the needy. Surely right- 
eous ones shall give thanks unto thy name : upright ones shall dwell 
in thy presence. 

1 Psalm cxli. — A Psalm, unto David. — Eternal, I call unto thee : 
make haste unto me ; give ear unto my voice, when I call unto thee. 

2 Let my prayer be set forth before thee as incense ; and the lifting up 

3 of my hands as the evening oblation. Set a watch, O Eternal, before 

4 my mouth; keep the door of my lips. Incline not my heart to any 
evil thing, to practise wicked works with men that work iniquity : and 

'denied. ^ CLuya. 'mighty. * their lie ids. ''say. •> a device. '' way of sorrow. 8 tlijnk. 
* the whole day. '" wraih. "thought. '- slieltered. '^ aruiin^-. '* a man of tongue. 


5 let me not eat of their dainties. Let the righteous smite me with 
mercy, and the chief reprove me with gentleness^ : my chief will 
not refuse me, however long, for my prayer is in the midst of their 

6 evils. Their judges were let at rest on rocky ground; they heard my 

7 words, for they were pleasant. Our bones are scattered at the 

8 grave's mouth, as when one tilleth and cleaveth the ground. But 
mine eyes are unto thee, O Eternal the Lord: in thee is my trust*; 

9 pour not out my soul. Keep me from snares which they have laid 
10 for me, and gins of the workers of iniquity. Let the wicked fall into 

their own nets together, whilst that I withal escape.^ 

Psalm cxlii. — Maschil, unto David : A Prayer when he was in the 

1 cave. — I cried unto the Eternal with my voice ; with my voice unto 

2 the Eternal did I make my supplication. I poured out my complaint 

3 before him ; I told before him my distress. When my spirit became 
overcast within me, then thou knewest my path. In the w ay wherein 

4 I walked have they privily laid a snare for me. I looked on my right 
hand, and beheld, but there was no man that would know me : refuge 

5 failed me ; no man inquired after my soul. I cried unto thee, O 
Eternal : I said. Thou art my refuge and my portion in the land of 

6 the living. Attend unto my loud cries ; for I am brought very low: 

7 deliver me from my persecutors ; for they are stronger than L Bring 
my soul out of prison, that I may acknowledge thy name : the right- 
eous shall compass me about ; for thou shalt deal bountifully with me, 

1 Psalm cxliii. — A Psalm, unto David. — Hear my prayer, O Eternal, 
give ear to my supplications : in thy faithfulness answer me, and in 

2 thy righteousness. And enter not into judgment with thy servant : 

3 for no one living is righteous before thee. For the enemy hath pur- 
sued my soul ; he hath smitten^ my life down to the earth ; he hath 
made me to dwell in darkness, as those who have been long dead. 

4 Therefore is my spirit darkened within me; my heart within me is 

5 desolate. I remember the days of old ; I meditate on all thy opera- 

6 tions ; I muse on the work of thy hands. I stretch forth my hands 
unto thee : my soul thirsteth after thee, as a thirsty* land. Selah. 

7 Answer me speedily, O Eternal : my spirit faileth : screen not thy 
face from me, lest I be like unto them that go down into the pit. 

8 Cause me to hear thy mercy in the morning; for in thee do I trust : 
cause me to know the way wherein I should walk; for I lift up my 

9 soul unto thee. Deliver me, O Eternal, Irom mine enemies ; with 
10 thee am I under covert. Teach me to do thy will ; for thou art my 

oil. ' pass over. ^ crushed. * faint. 


God : thy spirit /s good ; lead me into the land of uprightness. 

11 Quicken me, O Eternal, for thy name's sake : for thy righteousness' 

12 sake bring my soul out of trouble. And of thy mercy cut off 
mine enemies, and destroy all them that afflict my soul : for I am 
thy servant. 

1 Psalm cxliv. — Unto David. — Blessed be the Eternal my rock, who 

2 traineth my hands for the encounter, and my fingers for the war. My 
goodness^ and my stronghold; my fortress and my deliverer; my 
shield, and he in whom I trust; who subdueth my people under me. 

3 Eternal, what is man, that thou takest knowledge of him ! or the 

4 son of man, that thou makest account of him! Man is like to the 

5 vanity : his days are as a shadow that passeth away. Incline thy 
heavens, O Eternal, and come down : touch the mountains, and 

6 they shall smoke. Cast forth lightning, and scatter them : shoot^ 

7 out thine arrows, and confound them. Send thy hands from above ; 
rid me, and deliver me out of great waters, from the hand of alien 

8 children ; Whose mouth speaketh vanity,^ and theirrighthandisa right 

9 handoffalsehood. I will sing a new song unto thee, O God: upon a ten 

10 stringed psaltery will I hymn thee. It is he that giveth salva- 
tion unto the kings ; who riddeth David his servant from a hurtful 

1 1 sword. Rid me, and deliver me from the hand of alien children, 
whose mouth speaketh vanity,^ and their right hand is a right hand 

12 of falsehood : That our sons may be as plants grown up in their youth ; 
that our daughters may be as corner stones, polished after the simi- 

13 litude of a palace : That our garners may be full, affording all manner 
of store : that our flocks may bring forth thousands and ten thousands 

14 in our streets: That our cattle be with young; that there be no 
breaking in, nor going out, that there be no outcry in our streets. 

15 O happiness of the people, that is in such a case : O happiness of 
the people, whose God is the Eternal. 

1 Psalm cxlv. — Psalm o/* praise, unto David. — T will extol thee, my 

2 God, O king ; and I will bless thy name for ever and ever. Every 
day will I bless thee ; and I will praise thy name for ever and ever. 

3 Great is the Eternal, and greatly to be praised ; and his greatness is un- 

4 searchable. Generation shall praise thy works to generation, and 

5 shall tell thy mighty acts. I will talk of the glorious honour of thy 

6 majesty, and of thy wondrous works. ^ And men shall speak'' of the 

7 might of thy terrible acts: and I will declare thy greatness. They 
shall abundantly utter the memory of thy great goodness, and shall 

8 sing'' of thy righteousness. The Eternal is gracious, and full of cora- 

* mercy. ^ send. ^nothingness. 'worth. '"say. <> shout. 


9 passion ; slow to anger, and of great mercy. The Eternal is good to 

10 all : and his compassion is over all his works. All thy works shall 
acknowledge thee, O Eternal; and thy pious ones shall hless thee. 

11 They shall speak^ of the glory of thy kingdom, and talk of thy power ; 

12 To make known to the sons of men his mighty acts, and the glorious 

13 majesty of his kingdom. Thy kingdom is an everlasting king- 
dom, and thy dominion endureth throughout all generations. 

14 The Eternal upholdeth all that fall, and raiseth up all those that are 

15 bowed down. The eyes of all wait upon thee ; and thou givest them 

16 their food in due season. Thou openest thy hand, and satisfiest the 

17 desire of every living thing. The Eternal is righteous in all his ways, 

18 and holy^ in all his works. The Eternal is nigh unto all them that 

19 call upon him, to all that call upon him in truth. He will fulfil the 
desire of them that fear him : he also will hear their cry for help, and 

20 will save them. The Eternal preserveth all them that love him : but 

21 all the wicked will he exterminate. My mouth shall speak the praise 
of the Eternal: and let all flesh bless his holy name for ever and ever. 

1 Psalm cxlvi. — Praise ye the Eternal. Praise the Eternal, O my 

2 soul. While I live I will praise the Eternal ; I will hymn my 

3 God while I have any being. Put not your trust in nobles, nor in 

4 the son of man, who hath no salvation. His breath goeth forth, he 

5 returneth to his ground ; in that very day his designs perish. O 
happiness of him that hath the God of Jacob for his help, whose 

6 hope is in the Eternal his God : Who made heaven, and earth, the sea, 

7 and all that therein is : whokeepeth truth for ever : Who executeth 
judgment for the oppressed : who giveth bread to the hungry. The 

8 Eternal looseth bound ones : The Eternal uncloseth the eyes of the 
blind : the Eternal raiseth them that are bowed down : the Eternal 

9 loveth the righteous : The Eternal preserveth strangers ; he sus- 
taineth the fatherless and widow : but the way of wicked ones he 

10 maketh crooked. The Eternal shall reign for ever, even thy God, O 
Zion, from generation to generation. Praise ye the Eternal. 

1 Psalm cxlvii. — Praise ye the Eternal: for it is good to hymn our 

2 God ; for it is pleasant ; and praise is comely. The Eternal doth 

3 build up Jerusalem : he gathereth together the outcasts of Israel. He 

4 healeth the broken in heart, and bindeth up their wounds.^ He 
counteth the number of the stars ; he calleth them all by their names. 

5 Great is our Lord, and of great power : his understanding is infinite.* 
(3 The Eternal sustaineth meek ones : he lowereth wicked ones to the 

' say. ^ pious. ' woes. ^ wilhout number. 


7 earth. Intone a choral song unto the Eternal with thanksgiving ; 

8 hymn our God upon the harp : Who covereth the heaven with thick 
clouds, who prepareth rain for the earth, who maketh grass to grow 

9 upon mountains. Hegiveth to beasts the food thereof, and to young 

10 ravens what they cry for. He delighteth not in the strength of the 

11 horse : he taketh not pleasure in the thighs of a man. The Eternal 
taketh pleasure in them that fear him, in those that hope in his 

12 mercy. Glorify the Eternal, O Jerusalem ; praise thy God, O 

13 Zion, For he hath strengthened the bars of thy gates ; he hath 

14 blessed thy children within thee. He maketh peace in thy borders, 

15 and satisfieth thee with the finest^ of wheat. He sendeth forth his 

16 commandment upon earth : his word runneth very swiftly. He giveth 
] 7 snow like the wool : he scattereth hoarfrost like the ashes. He 

casteth forth his ice like morsels : who can stand before his cold ? 

18 He sendeth out his word, and melteth them : he causeth his wind to 

19 blow, and waters flow. He telleth his word unto Jacob, his statutes 

20 and his judgments unto Israel. He hath not dealt so with any 
nation : and as for his judgments, they have not known them. 
Praise ye the Eternal. 

1 Psalm cxlviii. — Praise ye the Eternal. Praise ye the Eternal from 

2 the heavens : praise him in the heights. Praise ye him, all his mes- 

3 sengers : praise ye him, all his hosts. Praise ye him, sun and moon : 

4 praise him, all ye stars of light. Praise him, ye heavens of heavens : 

5 and the waters that are above the heavens. Let them praise the name 

6 of the Eternal : for he commanded, aud they were created. He hath 
also stablished them for ever and ever : he hath given a statute which 

7 shall not pass. Praise the Eternal from the earth, ye huge creatures, 

8 and all deeps: Fire, and hail; snow, and vapours; stormy 

9 wind fulfilling his word: O mountains, and all hills; fruitful 

10 trees, and all cedars : O animals and all beasts ; creeping things, 

11 and winged birds ; Kings of the earth, and all races, princes,^ and 

12 all judges of the earth : Both young men, and virgins ; old men and 

13 boys : Let them praise the name of the Eternal : for his name alone 

14 is exalted ; his glory is above earth and heaven, He also raiseth the 
horn unto his people, a praise unto all his pious ones ; even unto the 
children of Israel, a people near unto him. Praise ye the Eternal. 

1 Psalm cxlix.— Praise ye the Eternal. Sing unto the Eternal a new 

2 song, and his praise in the congregation of pious ones. Let Israel 
rejoice in him that made him : let the children of Zion be joyful in 

> fat. ' saying. ' officers. 


3 their King. Let them praise his name in dances : let them hymn him 

4 with timbrel and harp. For the Eternal taketh pleasure in his 

5 people : he will beautify meek ones with salvation. Let pious ones 

6 exult in glory : let them shout upon their couches. Exaltation 

7 of God is in their mouth/ and a two-edged sword in their hand ; To 
execute vengeance upon the nations, and punishments upon the races ; 

8 To bind their kings with chains, and their nobles with fetters 

9 of iron; To execute upon them the judgment written : an ornament 
is he to all his pious ones. Praise ye the Eternal. 

1 Psalm cl. — Praise ye the Eternal. Praise God in his holiness: 

2 praise him in the expanse made by his might. Praise him for his 
mighty acts : praise him according to the fullness of greatness. 

3 Praise him with the blowing of the cornet : praise him with psaltery 

4 and harp. Praise him with timbrel and dances : praise him with 

5 stringed instruments and pipes. Praise him upon loud cymbals : 

6 praise him upon high sounding cymbals. Let everything that hath 
breath praise the Eternal. Praise ye the Eternal. 

1 throat. 


1 Chap, i.— Sentences by Solomon son of David, king of Israel; 

2 To know wisdom and correction ; to perceive^ words of understanding ; 

3 To receive correction from insight, justice, and judgment, and 

4 equity ; To give subtilty to simple ones, to a boy thoughtfulness,^ 

5 knowledge, and device. A wise man will hear, and will increase 

5 instruction ; and a man of understanding shall acquire prudence. 

6 To understand a sentence and an oration ; words of the wise, and 

7 their riddles. The fear of the Eternal is the beginning of knowledge : 
S but fools despise wisdom and correction. My son, hear the correction 
9 of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother : For they shall 

be a graceful wreath unto thy head, and chains about thy neck. 

10 11 My son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou not. If they say. Come 

with us, let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk privily for the innocent 

12 with impunity : Let us swallow them up alive as the grave ; and 

13 completely, as those that go down into the pit : We shall find all 

14 precious substance, we shall fill our houses with spoil : Thou shalt 

15 cast in thy lot among us ; let us all have one purse : My son, walk 
not thou in the way with them ; refrain thy foot from their path : 

16 17 For their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood. For 

18 purposeless seems the net spread in the sight of every bird,^ Yet 

19 they lay in wait for their blood ; they lurk privily for their lives. So 
are the ways of every one that is greedy of gain ; it taketh away the 

20 life of the owners thereof. Wisdom crieth without ; she uttereth^ her 

21 voice in the open places. She calleth in the chief places of concourse, 
in the entrances of gates : in the city she uttereth'^ her words, saying, 

22 How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity? and talkers de- 

23 light''' in their talking, and fools hate knowledge ? Turn you at my 
reproof: behold, I will pour out my spirit unto you, I will make 

24 known my words unto you. Because I have called, and ye refused j 

25 I have inclined my hand, and no man attended ; But ye have set at 

26 nought'' all my counsel, and would none of my reproof; I also will 

' undersland. ^device. ^ owner of wing. ^ sliouleili mi tlu- streets. ' sa:cth. •'covet. 

■" diEordcred. 


27 laugh at your calamity; I will mock when your dread cometh ; When 
your dread cometh as desolation, and your calamity cometh as a 

28 whirlwind ; when distress and anguish cometh upon you. Then shall 
they call upon me, but I will not answer ; they shall seek me early, 

29 but they shall not find me : For that they hated knowledge, and did 

30 not choose the fear of the Eternal: They would none of my counsel : 

31 they scorned all my reproof. Therefore shall they eat of the fruit of 

32 their own way, and be filled with theii*own devices. For the defec- 
tion of the simple shall slay them, and the prosperity of fools shall 

33 destroy them. But whoso hearkeneth unto me shall dwell safely, and 
shall be quiet from dread of evil. 

1 Chap. ii. — My son, if thou wilt receive my words, and hide my 

2 commandments with thee ; So that thou incline^ thine ear unto the 

3 wisdom, and apply- thy heart to the understanding ; Yea, if thou 
criest after the understanding, a«c?liftestup thy voice for the insight ; 

4 If thouseekest it as the silver, and searchestfor it as /or the hid trea- 

5 sures ; Then shalt thou understand the fear of the Eternal, and find 

6 the knowledge of God. For the Eternal giveth wisdom : out of his 

7 mouth cometh knowledge and understanding. He layeth up^ sound 
wisdom for the righteous : he is a. shield to them that walk uprightly. 

8 He preserveth the paths of judgment, and keepeth the way of his 

9 pious ones. Then shalt thou understand righteousness, and judg- 

10 ment, and equity ; yea, every path^ to goodness. When wisdom 
entereth into thy heart, and knowledge is pleasant unto thy soul ; 

1 1 Discretion'^ shall keep thee, understanding shall preserve thee ; 

12 To deliver thee from the way of the evil man, from the man that 

13 speaketh fro ward things; Who leave the paths of uprightness, to 

14 walk in the ways of darkness ; Who rejoice to do evil, and delight 

15 in the frowardness of the wicked; Whose paths are perverse, and 

16 crooked in their track : To deliver thee from a strange woman, 

17 even from an alien who ilattereth with her words ; Who forsaketh 
the guide'' of her youth, and forgetteth the covenant of her God. 

18 For her house is depressed unto death, and her tracks unto the de- 

19 parted. None that go unto her return again, neither reach the paths 

20 of life. That thou mayest walk in the way of good men, and keep 

21 the paths of righteous ones. For upright ones shall dwell in the 

22 land, and perfect ones shall be left in it. But wicked ones shall be 
cut off from the land, and traitors shall be pulled out of it. 

1 Chap. III. — My son, forget not my law ; and let thy heart keep my 

2 commandments : For length of days, and years of life, and peace, 

3 shall they add to thee. Let not mercy and truth forsake thee : bind 

4 them about thy throat, write them upon the table of thy heart. So 

attend. - incline. ' hidetli. * track. = Jevice. « chieftain. 


shalt thou find favour and proper^ regard in the eyes of God and 

5 man. Trust in the Eternal with all thy heart; and lean not unto 

6 thine own understanding. In all thy ways know him, and he shall 

7 make straight thy paths. Be not wise in thine own eyes : fear the 

8 Eternal, and depart from evil. It shall be health to thy navel, and 

9 marrow to thy bones. Honour the Eternal from thy wealth, and 

10 with the firstfruits® of all thy produce: So shall thy storehouses be 

11 filled with plenty, and thy presses shall burst out with must. My 
son, despise not the correction of the Eternal ; neither be harassed 

12 by his reproof : For whom the Eternal loveth he reproveth ; even 

13 as a father a son in ichom he delighteth. O happiness of the man that 

14 findeth wisdom, and the man that getteth understanding. For the 
merchandise of it is better than the merchandise of silver, and the 

15 produce thereof than fine gold. She is more precious than rubies; 

16 and all thy valuables are not to be compared unto her. Length of 
days is in her right hand ; and in her left hand riches and honour. 

17 Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths are peace. 

18 She is a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her : and happy is 

19 every one that holdeth her up. The Eternal with wisdom hath 
founded the earth ; with understanding hath he established heavens. 

20 By his knowledge depths were broken up, and the sky drops 

21 down dew. My son, let not them depart from thine eyes: 

22 keep sound wisdom and discretion : So shall they be life unto thy 

23 soul, and grace to thy neck.^ Thenshalt thou walk in thy way safely, 

24 and thy foot shall not hurt itself. When thou liest down, thou shalt 
not be in dread : yea, thou shalt lie down, and thy sleep shall be 

25 sweet. Be not afraid of sudden dread, neither of the desolation of 

26 wicked ones, when it cometh. For the Eternal shall be by thy side,* 

27 and shall keep thy foot from being taken. Withhold not good from 
them to whom it is due,^ when it is in the power of thy hand to do 

28 it. Say not unto thy fellow. Go, and come again, and to-morrow I 

29 will give; when thou hast it by thee. Devise not evil against thy 

30 fellow, seeeing he dwelleth securely by thee. Strive not with a 

31 man without cause, if he have done thee no harm. Envy thou not a 

32 man of violence, and choose none of his ways. For a perverter is 

33 abomination to the Eternal : but his secret is with the upright. The 
curse of the Eternal is in the house of the wicked; but he blesseth 

34 the habitation of righteous ones. If it is to the scorners, he alloweth 

'good. 2 beginning. ^ t],roat. Moin. ' its owner. 



35 them to scorn : but he giveth grace unto the meek. The wise shall 
inherit glory : but fools he alloweth to be prominent in ignominy. 

1 Chap. iv. — Hear, ye children, the correction of a father, and attend 

2 to know understanding. For I give you good doctrine, forsake not 

3 ye my law. When I was a son of my father, tender and only beloved 

4 in the sight of my mother. He taught me, and said unto me. Let 
thy heart retain my words: keep my commandments and live; 

5 Acquire wisdom, acquire understanding : forget it not ; neither 

6 decline from the words of my mouth. Forsake her not, and she shall 

7 keep thee : love her, and she shall preserve thee ; The beginning 
of wisdom is acquiring wisdom : and with all thy possession acquire 

8 understanding. Exalt her, and she shall raise thee : she shall bring 

9 thee to honour, Vihen thou dost embrace her. She shall give to thy 
head a wreath of grace ; with a crown of glory shall she encircle^ 

10 thee. Hear, O my son, and receive my sayings; and the years of 

11 thy life shall be many. I have taught thee in the way of wisdom ; I 

12 have led thee in the tracks of uprightness. When thou goest, thy 
steps shall not be straitened: and when thou runnest,thou shalt not 

13 stumble. Take fast hold of instruction'; let /jer not go : preserve 

14 her : for she is thy life. Enter not into the path of wicked ones, 

15 and do not consider thi/sel/' happy in the way of evil men. Avoid it, 

16 pass not by it, turn aside from it, and pass away. For they sleep 
not, except they have done mischief: and their sleep is taken away, 

17 unless they cause some to stumh]e. For they consume the bread of 

18 wickedness, and drink the wine of violence. But the path of 
righteous ones is as the light of an early morning, that shineth more 

19 and more unto the perfect day. The way of wicked ones is as thick 
*iO darkness : they know not at what they stumble. My son, attend to 

21 my words; incline thine ear unto my sayings. Let them not depart 

22 from thine eyes ; keej^ them in the midst of thy heart. For they 
are life unto those that find them, and healing to all their flesh, 

23 Above everything worth keeping preserve thy heart ; for out of it 

24 are the issues of life. Put away from thee a froward mouth, and 

25 perverse lips keep far from thee. Let thine eyes look at what is 
facing them, and let thine eyelids look straight at what is opposite 

26 thee. Ponder the track of thy feet, and let all thy ways be esta- 

27 blished. Incline not to the right hand nor to the left ; remove thy 
foot from evil. 

1 Chap. v. — My son, attend to my wisdom, and incline thine ear to 

2 my understanding : That thou mayest regard^ discretion, and that 

3 thy lips may preserve knowledge. For the lips of a strange woman 
drop as a honeycomb, and her palate is smoother than oil : 

4 But her end^is bitter as the wormwood, sharp as a two-edged sword. 

5 Her feet go down to death ; her steps take hold on th£ grave. 

6 Lest thou shouldest ponder the path of life, her tracks are moveable. 

* shield. 2 correction. * keep. * remoteness. 


7 that thou canst not know them. Hear me now therefore, O ye 

8 children, and depart not from the words of my mouth. Remove thy 

9 way far from her, and come not nigh the entrance of her house. Lest 
thou give thine honour unto others, and thy years unto a cruel one : 

10 Lest strangers be filled with thy wealth •} and thy labours be in the 

11 house of an alien ; And thou lament at the last,^ when thy flesh and 

12 thy body are consumed; And say. How have I hated correction, and 

13 my heart scorned reproof; And have not obeyed the voice of my 

14 teachers, nor inclined mine ear to them that instructed me ! Yet a 
little, and I should have been in all kinds o/evil in the midst of the 

15 congregation and assembly. Drink waters out of thine own cistern,^ 

16 and liquids out of thine own well. Let thy fountains be dispersed 

17 abroad, a/^f/ rivulets of waters in the streets. Let them be only thine 

18 own. and not strangers' with thee. Let thy spring be blessed : and 

19 rejoice with the wife of thy youth. Let her be as a loving hind and 
a graceful roe ; let her breasts satisfy thee at all times ; and be thou 

20 ravished always with her love. xAnd why wilt thou, my son, be ra- 
vished with a strange woman, and embi'ace the bosom of an alien ? 

21 For the ways of man are before the eyes of the Eternal, and he 

22 pondereth all his tracks. His own iniquities shall take the wicked 

23 himself, and he shall be retained with the cords of his sins. He shall 
die without correction ; and in the greatness of his folly he shall go 

1 Chap. vi. — My son, if thou be surety for thy fellow, if thou hast 

2 stricken thy hands with the stranger, Thou art snared with the 
words of thy mouth, thou art taken with the words of thy mouth. 

3 Do this now, my son, and deliver thyself, when thou art 
come into the hand of thy fellow; go, humble thyself, and make thy 

4 fellows proud. Give not sleep to thine eyes, nor slumber to thine 

5 eyelids. Deliver thyself as a gazelle from the hand of the hunter, 

6 and as a bird from the hand of a fov/ler. Go to the ant, thou slug- 

7 gard; see her ways, and be wise : Which, having no captain, bailiff, 

8 or ruler, Provideth her meat' in the summer, and gathereth her 

9 food in the harvest. How long wilt thou sleep, O sluggard ? when 

10 wilt thou arise out of thy sleep ? Yet a little sleep, a little slumber, 

1 1 a little folding of the hands to sleep : So shall thy poverty come as 

12 one that travelleth, and thy want as an armed man. A worthless 

13 person, an iniquitous man, walketh with a froward mouth. He 
winketh with his eyes, he scrapeth with his feet, he pointetlv^ with 

' strength. ^ tj^y remoteness. ^ pit. ^ bread ^ teacheth. 


14 his fingers ; Perversion is in his heart, he deviseth mischief con- 

15 tinually; he soweth^ discord. Therefore shall his calamity come 

16 suddenly ; suddenly shall he be broken without remedy. There are 
six things which the Eternal hateth : yea, seven are an abomination 

17 unto him : A proud look, a lying tongue, and hands that shed inno- 

18 cent blood, A heart that deviseth thoughts of iniquity, feet that are 

19 swift in running to mischief, A false witness that breatheth lies, and 

20 he that soweth^ discord among brethren. My son, keep thy father's 

21 commandment, and forsake not the law of thy mother: Bind them 

22 continually upon thy heart, and tie them about thy throat. When 
thou goest, it shall lead thee ; when thou sleepest, it shall keep thee ; 

23 and tvhen thou awakest, it shall talk with thee. For the command- 
ment is a lamp ; and the law is light; and reproofs of correction are 

24 the way of life : To keep thee from an evil woman, from the smooth- 

25 ness of the tongue of a strange woman. Covet not her beauty in thy 

26 heart ; neither let her take thee with her eyelids. For by means of 
a whorish woman a man is brought to a piece^ of bread : and the 

27 adulteress^ will hunt for the precious life. Can a man take fire in his 

28 bosom, and his clothes not be burned ? Can one go upon burning 

29 coals, and his feet not be scorched ? So he that goeth in to his fellow's 

30 wife; whosoever toucheth her shall not be guiltless, ikfew do not 
despise the thief, if he steal to satisfy his soul when he is hungry ; 

31 But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold ; he shall give all the 

32 substance of his house. But whoso committeth adultery with a wo- 
man lacketh understanding :^ he that doeth it destroyeth his own 

33 soul. AflBiction and dishonour shall he get,^ and his disgrace shall 

34 not be wiped away. For jealousy is the rage of a man : therefore he 

35 will not spare in the day of vengeance. He will not regard any ran- 
som ; neither will he rest content, though thou givest much bribery. 

1 Chap. vit. — My son, keep my words, and lay up^ my command- 
J^ ments with thee. Keep my commandments, and live ; and my law 

3 as the pupil of thine eye. Bind them upon thy fingers, write them 

4 upon the table of thy heart. Say unto the wisdom. Thou art my 

5 sister ; and call the understanding thg kinswoman : That they may 
keep thee from a strange woman, irom an alien whose words are 

6 smooth. For at the window of my house I looked through my lattice, 

7 And saw among the simple ones, I discerned among the youths, a 

8 young man void of understanding. Passing through the market near 

9 her corner ; and he went the way to her house. In the twilight, in 

10 the evening, in the gloom of the night and thick darkness : And, 
behold, there met him a woman with the attire of a harlot, and subtle 

11 of heart. She is noisy and backsliding ; her feet abide not in her 

' KCKi'e'li forili. 2 loaf. 3 ^vilcofa man. Micait. Mind. Miidc 



12 house : Now is she without, now in the streets, and lieth in wait at 

13 every corner. So she caught him, and kissed him, and with an im- 

14 pudent face said unto him, / have feast offerings with me ; this day 

15 have I paid my vows. Therefore came I forth to meet thee, dili- 

16 gently to seek thy face, and I have found thee. I have decked my 
bedstead with coverings of tapestry, with striped tapestry, with fine 

17 hnen of Egypt. I have sprinkled my bed with myrrh, aloes, and 

18 cianaraon. Come, let us take our fill of amours until the morning: 

19 let us solace ourselves with loves. For the goodman' is not at home, 

20 he is gone a long journey : He hath taken the bundle of money with 

21 him, awe? will come home on the day of the full moon. With her 
much fair speech she caused him to yield, with the smoothness of 

22 her lips she led him astray. He goeth after her like an ox that 
suddenly cometh to the slaughter, or as a fool to the correction of 

23 the stocks. Till an arrow strike through his liver ; as a bird hasteth 

24 to a snare, and knoweth not that it is for its life. Hearken unto me 
now therefore, O ye children, and attend to the sayings of my mouth. 

25 Let not thy heart (urn aside to her ways, go not astray in her paths. 

26 For she hath cast down many pierced ; and mighty were those slain 

27 by her. Her house is the way to the grave, going down to the cham- 
bers of death. 

1 Chap. viii. — Doth not wisdom call out ? and understanding out 

2 forth her voice? She slandeth in the top of high places, by the way 

3 within^ ifAe paths. She crieth^ at the gates, at the entry^ of the city, 

4 at the coming in at the doors. ^ Unto you, O men, I call, and my 

5 voice is to the sons of man. O, ye simple, understand wisdom ; and, 

6 ye fools, be ye of an understanding heart. Hear ; for I will speak of 
excellent things ; and the opening of my lips shall be right things. 

7 For my mouth shall utter truth ; and wickedness is an abomination 

8 to my lips. All the sayings of my mouth are'in righteousness; there 

9 is nothing knotty or perverse in them. They are all plain to him 

10 that undcrstandeth, and right to them that find knowledge. Receive 
my correction, and not silver ; and knowledge rather than choice 

1 1 gold. For wisdom is l)etter than pearls ; and all the things that may 

12 be desired are not to be compared to it. I, wisdom, dwell with 

13 prudence/ and find out knowledge and devices. The fear of the 

mail. ^ hoiisu of. ■'' slioutetli. ^ iiioulli " eiitrancus. '' subtlety. 


Eternal is to hate evil : pride, and arrogancy, and the evil way and 

14 the froward mouth do I hate. Counsel is mine, and execution ; I 

15 am understanding ; I have strength. By me kings reign, and 

16 princes decree justice. By me princes^ rule, and nobles, even all the 

17 judges of the earth. I love them that love me ; and those that seek 

18 me early shall find me. Riches and honour are with me ; ijea, 

19 durable wealth and righteousness. My fruit w better than gold, yea, 

20 than fine gold ; and my produce than choice silver. I walk in the 

21 path of righteousness, in the midst of the tracks of judgment : That 
I may cause those that love me to inherit substance ; and I will fill 

22 their treasures. The Eternal possessed me in the beginning of his 

23 way, before his works of old. I was anointed from everlasting, from 

24 the beginning, before ever the earth was. When there ivere no 
depths I was brought forth : when there were no fountains 

25 water-laden. Before mountains were settled, before hills was 

26 I brought forth : While as yet he had not made the earth, nor 

27 fielcls,2 nor the beginning of the dust of the world. When he pre- 
pared the heavens, I was there: when he set a compass upon 

28 the face of the deep : When he established the clouds above : 

29 when he strengthened the fountains of the deep : When he 
gave to the sea his decree, that the waters should not pass his 
commandment : when he appointed the foundations of the earth : 

30 Then I was by him, as a nursling : and I was daily Ms delight, 

31 sporting always before him: Sporting in the habitable part of his 

32 earth ; and my delights were with the sons of men. Now therefore 
hearken unto me, O ye children ; for blessed are they that keep my 

33 34 ways. Hear instruction/^ and be wise, and be not unruly. O hap- 
piness of the man that heareth me, watching daily at my doors, 

35 waiting at the posts of my entrances. For whoso findeLh me findeth 

36 life, and shall obtain favour of the Eternal. But he that sinneth 
against me doeth violence to his own soul : all that hate me love 

1 Chap, ix.— Wisdom hath builded her house, she hath hewn out her 

2 seven pillars : She hath killed her beasts*; she hath mingled her 

3 wine ; she hath also arranged her table. She hath sent forth her 

4 maidens : she calleth out upon the highest places of the city, AVhoso 
w simple, let him turn in hither: as for him that wanteth under- 

5 standing,'^ she saith to him. Come, eat of my bread, and drink of 

6 wine wWch I have mingled. Forsake the foolish and live ; and go 

7 in the way of understanding, He that correcteth a scorner getteth 
to himself ignominy : and he that rebuketh a wicked man getteth 

8 himself a blot. Rebuke not a scorner, lest he hate thee ; rebuke a 

9 wise man, and he will love thee. Give instruction to a Wiseman, and 
he will be yet wiser : teach^ a just man, and he will increase in learn- 

10 ing. The fear of the Eternal is the beginning of wisdom : and the 

11 knowledge of the holy is understanding. For by me thy days 

12 shall increase, and they shall add to the years of thy life. If thou be 
wise, thou shalt be wise for thyself : but r/'thou scornest, thou alone 

1 officers. ~ streets. ^ correction. * killing. * heart. « make known. 


13 shalt bear it. A foolish woman is clamorous : she is simple, and 

14 knoweth nothing. For she sitteth at the entrance of her house, 

15 on a seat in the high places of the city. To call passengers who 

16 go right on their paths : Whoso is simple, let him turn in hither : 
and as for him that wanteth understanding,^ she saith to him, 

17 Stolen waters are sweet, and bread eafen in secret is pleasant. 

18 But he knoweth not that the deceased are there ; and that her guests 

19 are in the depths of the grave. 

1 Chap. x. — Maxims of Solomon. — A wise son rejoiceth the father : 

2 but a foolish son is the grief of his mother. Treasures of wickedness 

3 profit nothing : but righteousness delivereth from death. The Eter- 
nal will not suffer the soul of the righteous to famish : but he thrusteth 

4 out the cupidity of the wicked. He becometh poor that dealeth with 

5 a slack hand : but the hand of the diligent maketh rich. He that 
gathereth in the summer is a provident son : but he that is fast asleep 

6 in the harvest is a son that causeth shame. Blessings are upon the head 
of a righteous one : but violence covereth the mouth of wicked ones. 

7 The memory of a righteous one is for blessing : but the name of wicked 

8 ones shall rot. The wise in heart will receive commandment ; but a 

9 prating fooP shall fall. Ele that walketh uprightly^ walketh surely : 

10 but he that perverteth his ways shall be known. He that winketh 

11 with the eye causeth sorrow: but a prating fooP shall fall. The 
mouth of a righteous tnan is a well of life : but violence covereth the 

12 mouth of wicked ones. Hatred stirreth up strifes : but love covereth 

13 all transgressions. In the lips of him that hath understanding, wis- 
dom is found : but a rod is for the back of him that is void of under- 

14 standing.^ Wise men lay up knowledge: but the mouth of the 

15 foolish is approaching dismay. The rich man's wealth is his strong 

16 city : the dismay of the indigent is their poverty. The labour of the 

17 righteous te7ideth to life : Ihe fruit of the wicked to sin. He ism the 
path of life that heedeth correction : but he that refuseth* reproof 

18 erreth. He that hideth hatred is of lying lips, and he that uttereth a 

19 slander, is a fool. In the multitude of words there wanteth not 

20 transgression : but he that refraineth his lips is wise. The 
tongue of the just is as choice silver : the heart of the wicked is 

21 little worth. Many will feed the lips of the righteous : but fools 

22 die for want of wisdom.^ The blessing of the Eternal, it maketh 

23 rich, and he addeth no sorrow with it. The carrying out of 
evil imagination is as a sport to the fool, €ve?i so of wisdom to 

24 the man of understanding. The dread of the wicked, it shall 
come upon him : but the desire of the righteous shall be granted. 

25 As the whirlwind passeth, so is the wicked no more; but the 

26 righteous is an everlasting foundation. As the vinegar to the 
teeth, and as the smoke to the eyes, so is the sluggard to them 

27 that send him. The fear of the Eternal addeth days : but the 

28 years of the wicked shall be shortened. The hope of righteous 
ones shall be gladness : but the expectation of wicked ones shall 

' heart. ^ a fool of lips. ' in the uprightness. * fors;iketli. 


29 perish. The way of the Eternal is strength to uprightness : but dis- 

30 may shall be on the workers of iniquity. A righteous one shall never 
ol be removed : but wicked ones shall not inhabit the earth. The mouth 

of a righteous one bringeth forth wisdom : but a froward tongue 
32 shall be cut out. The lips of a righteous one know what is acceptable : 
but the mouth of wicked ones speaketk frowardness. 

1 Chap, xi.' — A false balance^ is abomination to the Eternal : but a 

2 just weight^ is his delight. When wantonness cometh, then cometh 

3 ignomimy ; but with the lowly is wisdom. The integrity of the 
upright shall guide them : but the perverseness of faithless ones shall 

4 destroy them. Riches profit not in the day of wrath : but righteous- 

5 ness delivereth from death. The righteousness of the perfect shall 
make straight his way : but the wicked shall fall by his own wicked- 

6 ness. The righteousness of upright ones shall deliver them : but 

7 faithless ones shall be taken in their oivn cupidity. When a wicked 
man dieth, his expectation bhall perish : and the hope of unjust men 

8 perisheth. A righteous one is delivered out of trouble, and a wicked 

9 one cometh in his stead. A hypocrite with his mouth corrupteth 
his fellow : but through knowledge shaU righteous ones be delivered. 

10 When it goeth well with righteous ones a city exulteth : and when 

11 wicked ones perish, ^^ere w shouting. By the blessing of upright 
ones a city is exalted : but it is overthrown by the mouth of wicked 

12 ones. He that is void of wisdom despiseth his fellow : but a man of 

13 understanding holdeth his peace. A talebearer revealeth secrets : 

14 but he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth matters. Where no 
council is, the people fall : but in the multitude of counsellors there 

15 is safety. He that is surety for a stranger shall smart/or it ; and he 

16 that hateth suretyship is sure. A gracious woman retaineth honour : 

17 and strong men retain riches. A merciful man doeth good to his 

18 own soul : but he that is cruel troubleth his own flesh. The wicked 
worketh for deceitful wages : but to him that soweth righteousness 

19 shall be a sure reward. Righteousness is a support for life: but he 

20 that pursueth evil.pursueth it to his own death. They that are of a 
froward heart are abomination to the Eternal : but such as are up- 

21 right^ in their way are his delight. Though hand j'oifi in hand, the 
wicked shall not be unpunished : but the seed of the righteous 

22 escapeth. As a golden pendant in a swine's snout,* so is a fair 

23 woman without discretion.^ The desire of the righteous is only good : 

24 but the expectation of the wicked is indignation. There is that 
scattereth, and yet increaseth ; and there is that withholdeth more 

25 than is meet, but it tendeth to want. The liberal soul" shall be made 

26 fat : and he that watereth shall be watered also himself. He that 
withholdeth corn, people shall curse him : but blessing shall be 

27 upon the head of him that selleth it. He that diligently seeketh 
good seeketh what is pleasing : but he that is anxious for mischief, 

28 it shall come unto him. He that trusteth in his riches shall fall : 

29 but righteous ones shall flourish as a branch.''' He that troubleth 

his own house shall inherit wind : and a fool shall be servant to the 

1 a balance of cunning. 2 gtone. ^ perfect. * nose. * of departing taste. " a soul of blessing. 

7 leaf. 


30 wise of heart. The fruit of the righteoqs is a tree of life : and he 

3 1 that winneth^ souls is wise. Behold, the righteous shall be recom- 
pensed in the earth : much more the wicked and sinner. 

1 Chap. xii. — Whoso loveth correction loveth knowledge : but he that 

2 hateth reproof is brutish. A good man obtaineth favour of the 

3 Eternal : but a man of wicked devices will he declare guilty. A man 
shall not be established by wickedness : but the root of righteous 

4 ones shall not be moved. A virtuous woman is a crown to her hus- 
band r bat she that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his bones. 

5 The thoughts of righteous ones are right :^ but the counsels of wicked 

6 ones are deceit. The words of wicked ones are to lie in wait for blood : 

7 but the mouth of upright ones shall deliver them. Overturn wicked 

8 ones, ar.d they are not : but the house of righteous ones shall stand, 

8 A :;ian shall be commended according to his understanding: but he 

9 that is of a perverse heart shall be despised. He that is despised, 
and hath a servant, is better than he that pretendeth to honour, and 

10 lacketh bread. A righteous man regardeth* the life of his beast : but 

1 1 the mercies of wicked ones a^^e cruel. He that tilleth his ground shall 
be satisfied with bread : but he that followeth vain^ persons is void of 

12 heart. A wicked person coveteth the booty of evil men ; but he giveth 

13 root to righteous ones. An evil man is snared by the transgression 

14 of his lips : but a righteous one shall come out of trouble. By the 
fruit of the mouth of a man shall he be satisfied with i^ood : and the 

15 recompence of a man's hands shall be rendered unto him. The way 
of a fool is right in his own eyes : but he that hearkeneth unto counsel 

16 w wise. A fool's wrath is presently" known: but he that covereth 

17 ignominy is prudent. He that speaketh''' truth^ sheweth forth^ 

18 righteousness : but a false witness deceit. There is that speaketh^*^ 
like the piercings of a sword : but the tongue of the wise is healing. 

19 The lip of truth shall be established for ever : but a lying tongue 

20 I only give a moment. Deceit is in the heart of them that imagine 

21 evil : but to the counsellors of peace is joy. There shall no evil 
happen to the righteous one ; but wicked ones are filled with niis- 

22 chief. Lying lips are abomination to the Eternal : but they that 

23 deal faithfully are his delight. A prudent man concealeth his know- 

24 ledge : but the heart of fools proclaimeth foolishness. The hand 
of diligent ones shall bear rule: but deceitfulness shall be under tri- 

25 bute. Anxiety in the heart of man maketh it stoop; but a good word 

26 maketh it glad. The righteous is more excellent than his fellow : but 

27 the way of wicked ones seduceth them. Deceitfulness roasteth not that 
which it took in hunting : but the precious substance of a man is 

28 diligence. In the way of righteousness is life ; and in the pathway 
thereof there is no death. 

1 Chap. xiii. — A wise son heareth his father's correction : but a scorner 

2 heareth not rebuke. By the fruit of the mouth of a man he shall eat 

3 good ; but the soul of the treacherous shall eat violence. He that 
guardeth his mouth keepeth his life : hut he that openeth wide his 

4 lips shall have destruction. The soul of the sluggard desireth, and 

* taketh. ^ owner. ^ judgment. * knoweth. * empty. " in the day. ^ blowelh. 
* faithfulness. " telleth. '» uttereth. 



5 hath nothing : but the soul of the diligent shall be made fat. A 
righteous man hateth lying words : but a wicked man is loathsome, 

6 and cometh to shame. Righteousness keepeth him that is upright in 

7 the way : but wickedness perverteth the sinner.^ There is that pre- 
tendeth to be rich, yet hath nothing: there is that pretendeth to be 

8 poor, yet hath great wealth. The ransom of a man's life are his 

9 riches : but the poor heareth no threat.^ The light of righteous ones 

10 rejoiceth : but the lamp of wicked ones shall be put out. Only by 
presumption cometh^ contention : but with the well advised is wis- 

11 dom. Wealth gotten by vanity shall be diminished: but he that 

12 gatherethby labour^ shall increase. Hope deferred maketh a heart 

13 sick : but when a desire cometh, it is a tree of life. Whoso despiseth 
a word shall be entangled : but he that feareth a commandment shall 

14 be rewarded. The law of a sage is a fountain of life, to depart from 

15 the snares of death. Good understanding giveth favour : but the 

16 way of faithless ones is hard. Every prudent man dealeth with 

17 knowledge : but a fool layeth open ?iis folly. A wicked messenger 

18 falleth into mischief : but a faithful ambassador is health. Poverty 
and ignominy shall be to him that refuseth correction : but he that 

19 heedeth reproof shall be honoured. A desire accomplished is sweet 

20 to a soul : but it is abomination to fools to depai't from evil. He 
that walketh with wise men shall be wise : but a companion^ of fools 

21 shall be dashed to pieces. Evil pursueth sinners : goodness repayeth 

22 righteous ones. A good man leaveth an inheritance to his children's 
children : and the wealth^ of a sinner is laid up for the righteous. 

23 Much food supplieth newly tilled ground to the poor : but there is 

24 that is swept away for want of judgment. He that withholdeth his 
rod hateth his son : but he that loveth him correcteth him betimes. 

25 A righteous man eateth to the satisfying of his soul : but the belly of 
wicked ones shall want. 

1 Chap. xiv. — Every wise woman''' buildeth her house : but folly 

2 breaketh down with its own hands. He that walketh in his upright- 
ness feareth the Eternal : but he that is perverse in his ways des- 

3 piseth him. In the mouth of a fool is a rod for his pride : but the 

4 lips of wise ones shall preserve them. Where no oxen are, the stable 

5 is clean : but much increase is by the strength of an ox.^ A witness 
for faithful ones will not lie : but a witness for a lie will utter^ false- 

6 hoods. • A scorner seeketh wisdom, and findeth it not : but know- 

7 ledge is easy unto him that understandeth. Go from the presence of a 

8 foolish man, for thou perceivest'" not in him lips of knowledge. The 
wisdom of prudent ones is to understand his way : but the folly of 

9 fools is deceit. Guilt is interpreter between fools, but between up- 

10 right ones goodwill. A heart knoweth its own bitterness j nor can a 

11 stranger enter^^ into its joy. The house of wicked ones shall be ex- 

12 terminated: but the tent of upright ones shall flourish. There is a 
way which seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the 

13 ways of death. A heart may ache even in laughter ; and the end^' of 

3 sin. 2 reproof, 'giveth. * upon a hand, ^shepherd. "^ foi-ce. ' the wise ones of women. 
^ herd. » bloweth forth. ^o knowest. ^^ mix itself, i- its end. 


14 joy may be sorrow. The backslider in heart shall be filled with his 

15 own ways: and a good man with what is in him. A simple man be- 
lieveth every word : but the prudent man looketh well to his going. 

16 A wise mmi feareth, anddeparteth from evil : but a fool rageth, and 

17 is confident. He that is soon angry dealeth foolishly : and a man of 

18 wicked devices is hated. Simple ones inherit folly : but prudent 

19 ones are crowned with knowledge. Evil ones bow before good ones; 

20 and wicked ones at the gates of righteous ones. The poor is hated 

21 even of his own fellow: but the friends of the rich are many. He 
that despiseth his fellow sinneth : but he that hath mercy on the 

22 poor, happy is he. Do they not err that evil ? but mercy and 

23 truth guide them that devise good. In all labour^ there is profit : but 

24 the talk of the lips tendeth only to penury. The crown of the wise 

25 25 their riches : Z'm^ the folly of fools 7*emai?z5 folly. A true witness 

26 delivereth souls: but a deceitful witness uttereth^ falsehoods. In 
the fear of the Eternal is strong confidence : and his children shall 

27 have a place of refuge. The fear of the Eternal is a fountain of life, 

28 to depart from the snares of death. In the multitude of people is the 
king's honour : but in the want of people^ is the overthrow of a 

29 prince. He that is slow to wrath is of great understanding : but he 

30 that is hasty of spirit exalteth folly. A sound heart is (he life of the 

31 flesh : but envy the rottenness of the bones. He that wrongeth the 
poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy 

32 on the needy. The wicked is driven away in his wickedness: but 

33 the righteous is trustful in his very death. Wisdom resLeth in the 
heart of him that hath understanding : but that which is in the midst 

34 of fools is made known. Righteousness exalteth a nation: but sin 
S5 is a. reproach^ to any people. The king's favour is toward a wise 

servant : but his wrath is against him that causeth shame. 

1 Chap. xv. — A soft answer turneth away wrath : but grievous words 

2 stir up anger. The tongue of the wise maketh knowleilge pleasing: 

3 but the mouth of fools poureth out foolishness. The eyes of the 

4 Eternal are in every place, beholding evil and good ones. Gentle- 
ness of tongue is a tree of life : but perverseness thereiu is a 

5 breach in the spirit. A fool despiseth his father's collections : but 

6 he that heedeth reproof becometh prudent, lu the of the 
righteous is much treasure : but in the revenues of the wicked is 

7 trouble. The lips of Mfi disperse knowlcclL;c : Ijut the heart of 

8 fools doe th not so. The sacrifice of wicked oues i.9 an abomination 

9 to the Eternal: but the prayer of upright ones is his delight. The 
way of wicked ones is an abomination unto the Eternal : but he 

10 loveth him that pursueth righteousness. Correction is grievous unto 

him that forsaketh a path ; and he that hateth reproof shall die. 

1 1 77ie grave and destruction are before the Eternal : how much more 

sorrow. ^ bloweth forth, ^ a race. * a wicked thing. 


1 2 then the hearts of the children of men ? A scorner loveth not one 

13 that reproveth him : neither will he go unto wise ones. A merry 
heart maketh a cheerful countenance : but by sorrow of the heart the 

14 spirit is stricken. The heart of him that hath understanding seeketh 

15 knowledge: but the mouth of fools feedeth on foolishness. All the 
days of the afflicted^ are evil : but he that is of a merry heart hath 

16 a continual feast. Better is little with the fear of the Eternal than 

17 great treasure and confusion therewith. Better 2> a ration of herbs 
1*^ where love is, than a stalled ox and hatred therewith. A wrathful 

man stirreth up strife : but Ae that is slow to anger appeaseth strife. 

19 The way of the slothful man is as a hedge of thorns : but the path of 

20 upright ones is made plain, A wise son rejoiceth his father : but a 

21 foolish man despiseth his mother. Folly is joy to him that is desti- 
tute of wisdom: but a man of understanding walketh uprightly. 

22 Relinquish^ purposes where there is no deliberation : but through a 

23 multitude of counsellors thou wilt stand. A man hath joy by the 
answer of his mouth : and a word spoken in due season, how good is 

24 it ! The path of life is upwards for him that understandeth, that he 

25 may depart from the grave beneath. The Eternal will break down 
the house of proud ones : but he will establish the border of the 

26 widow. The thoughts of an evil one are an abomination to the 

27 Eternal : but the words of pure ones are pleasant words. He that is 
greedy of gain troubleth his own house ; but he that hateth gifts shall 

28 live. The heart of the righteous studieth to answer: but the mouth 

29 of wicked ones poureth out evil things. The Eternal is far from 

30 wicked ones : but he heareth the prayers of righteous ones. Light 
to eyes is what rejoiceth the heart : and a good report maketh the 

31 bones fat. An ear that heareth the reproof of life abideth among 

32 wise ones. He that casteth off instruction despiseth his own soul: 

33 but he that heareth reproof getteth understanding. The fear of the 
Eternal is the instruction of wisdom ; and before honour is humility. 

1 Chap. xvi. — Man's are the propositions of the heart, but from the 

2 Eternal comes the answer to the tongue's request. All the ways of 
a man are pure in his own eyes ; but the Eternal weigheth spirits. 

3 Commit^ thy works unto the Eternal, and thy thoughts shall be 

4 established. The Eternal hath made all things for himself: yea, 

5 even the wicked for the day of evil. Every one that is proud* in 
heart is an abomination to the Eternal: though ha.ud join in hand, he 

6 shall not be unpunished. By mercy and truth iniquity is expiated : 

7 and by the fear of the Eternal men depart from evil. When a man's 
ways please the Eternal, he maketh even his enemies to be at peace 

8 with him. Better is a little with righteousness than great revenues 

9 without right. A man's heart deviseth his way : but the Eternal 
directeth^ his steps. Divination is on the lips of the king : his mouth 

' poor. - make void. ^ roll. * high. ^ prepareth. 


11 transgresseth not in judgment. A just weight and balance are the 

12 Eternal's: all the weights^ of Me bag are his work. It is an abo- 
mination to kings to commit wickedness : for a throne is established 

13 by righteousness. Righteous lips are the delight of kings ; and he 

14 loveth them that speaketh right. The wrath of a king is as mes- 

15 sengers of death : but a wise man will pacify it. In the light of the 
king's countenance is life ; and his favour is as a thick cloud of the 

16 latter rain. How much better is it to get wisdom than gold ! and to 

17 get understanding rather to be chosen than silver! The highway of 
upright ones is to depart from evil : he that keepeth his way pre- 

18 serveth his soul. Pride goeih before destruction, and a haughty 

19 spirit before a fall.^ Better it is to be of an humble spirit with lowly 

20 ones, than to divide spoil with proud ones. He that considereth well a 
mailer shall find good: and whoso trusteth in the Eternal, happy is 

21 he. The wise in heart shall be called prudent : and the sweetness of 

22 the lips increaseth learning. Understanding is a well-spring of life 

23 unto its possessor : but the correction of fools is folly. The heart of 
the wise maketh his mouth understanding, and addeth learning to 

24 his lips. Pleasant words are as a honeycomb, sweet to the soul, and 

25 health to the bones. There is a way that seemeth right unto a man, 

26 but the end thereof are the ways of death. He that laboureth^ la- 

27 boureth for himself; for his mouth craveth it of him. A worthless 

28 man diggeth up evil : and in his lips there is as a burning fire. A 
froward man sendeth forth strife : and a whisperer separateth chief 

29 friends. A violent man enticeth his fellow, and leadeth him into 

30 the way that is not good. He shutteth his eyes to devise froward 

31 things : biting his lips he bringeth evil to pass. The hoary head is 

32 a crown of glory, it is to be found in the way of righteousness. He 
that is slow to anger is better than a hero ; and he that ruleth his 

33 spirit than he that taketh a city. The lot is shaken in the bosom ; 
but the whole disposing thereof is of the Eternal. 

1 Chap. xvii. — Better is a dry morsel, and quietness therewith, than 

2 a house full of sacrifices with strife. An understanding servant shall 
have rule over a son that causeth shame, and shall have part of the 

3 inheritance among the brethren. A fining pot is for the silver, and 

4 a furnace for the gold : but the Eternal trieth hearts. A wicked 
doer giveth heed to lips of iniquity ; and a liar giveth ear to a tongue 

5 of mischief. Whoso mocketh the poor reproacheth his Maker : and 

6 he that is glad at calamilics shall not be unpunished. Children's 
children are the crown of old men ; and the glory of children are 

7 their fathers. The speech of excellency becometh not the base : 

8 much less a lying lip a noble. Bribery is as a precious stone* in the 
eyes of him that hath it: whithersoever he turneth, he prospereth. 

9 He that covereth a transgression seeketh love j but he that repeateth 

' stones. - stumbling. ' the soul of the labourer. * a stone of favour. 


10 a matter separateth very friends. A reproof entereth more into an 

1 1 understanding man than a hundred stripes into a fool. An evil man 
seeketh only rebellion : therefore a cruel messenger shall be sent 

12 forth against him. Let a bear robbed of her whelps meet a man, rather 

13 than a fool in his folly. Whoso returneth evil for good, evil shall not 

14 depart from his house. The beginning of strife is as when one letteth 
out water ; therefore leave off contention, before it be meddled with. 

15 He that JListifieth the wicked, and he that condemneth Me just, even 
IG they both are abomination to the Eternal. Wherefore is /Aereaprice 

in the hand of a fool to get wisdom, seeing he hath no heart to it ? 

17 The friend loveth at all times, and he becometh^ a brother in adver- 

18 sity. A man void of understanding- striketh hands, tt?zc? becometh 

19 surety for^ his friend. He loveth transgression that loveth strife : and 

20 he that raiseth high his entrance seeketh destruction. He that hath 
a froward heart findeth no good : and he that hath a perverse tongue 

21 falleth into mischief. He that begetteth a fool doeth it to his sorrow: 

22 and the father of the base hath no joy. A merry heart cheereth up 

23 the countenance : but a broken spirit drieth the bones. A wicked 
man taketh bribery out of the bosom to pervert the ways of judg- 

24 ment. Wisdom is before him that hath understanding; but the eyes 

25 of a fool see it in the ends of the earth. A foolish son is a grief to 

26 his father, and bitterness to her that bare him. It is also not good 

27 to punish the righteous, and to punish nobles for uprightness. He 
that hath knowledge spareth his words : and a man of understanding 

28 hath a precious mind. Even a fool, when he holdeth his peace, is 
counted wise : and he that shutteth his lips is esteemed a man of 

1 Chap, xviir. — A separatist seeketh after lust, he spurneth all 

2 counsel. A fool hath no delight in understanding, but that his heart 

3 may discover itself. When the wicked cometh, then cometh also 

4 contempt, and with ignominy reproach. The words of a man's 
mouth ereasdeep waters, aiid the well-spring of wisdom as a flowing 

5 brook. It is not good to accept the person^ of the wicked, to over- 

6 throw the righteous in the judgment. A fool's lips enter into con- 

7 tention, and his mouth calleth for strokes. A fool's mouth is his 

8 destruction, and his lips are the snare of his soul. The words of a 
tale-bearer are as dainty morsels, and they go down into the inner- 

9 most parts of the belly. He also that is slothful in his work is 

10 brother to him that is a great waster. The name of the Eternal is 

11 a strong tower : the righteous runneth into it, and is safe. The rich 
man's wealth is his strong city, and as a high rampart in his own 

12 conceit. Before destruction the heart of man is haughty, and before 

13 honour is humility. He that answereth a matter before he heareth 

14 it, it is folly and shame unto him. The spirit of a man will sustain 

^ is born. ^ heart. ^ before. ^ to raise the face. 


15 his infirmity : but a wounded spirit who can bear ? The heart of the 
prudent getteth knowledge; and the ear of /Ae wise seeketh know- 

16 ledge. A man's gift maketh room for him, and bringeth him before 

17 great men. 7'he first is just in his cause : but then cometh his 

18 fellow, and it is inquired into. The lot causeth contentions to cease, 

19 and parleth between mighty ones. A brother offended is harder to 
be won than a sfrong city : and tJieir contentions are like the bars of 

20 a castle. A man's belly shall be satisfied with the fruit of his 

21 mouth : cmd with the produce of his lips shall he be filled. Death and 
life are in the power^ of the tongue : and they that love it shall eat 

22 the fruit thereof. Whoso findeth a wife findeth a good thing, and 

23 obtaineth favour of the Eternal. The poor useth entreaties : but 

24 the rich answereth roughly. A multitude of friends is to a man's 
ruin : yet there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother. 

1 Chap. xix. — Better is the poor that walketh in his integrity, than 

2 he that is perverse in his lips, and is a fool. Also, that the soul be 
without knowledge, it is not good : and he that hasteneth with his 

3 feet sinneth. The foolishness of man perverteth his way : and his 

4 heart fretteth against the Eternal. Wealth addeth many friends ; but 

5 the poor is separated from his fellow. A false witness shall not be 

6 unpunished, and he that uttereth lies shall not escape. Many will 
entreat the favour of a noble : and every man is the friend of him 

7 that giveth gifts. All the brethren oUhe poor do hate him : how much 
more do his friends go far from him ? he that pursueth words getteth 

8 them. He that getteth wisdom^ loveth his own soul : he that keepeth 

9 understanding shall find good. A false witness shall not be unpun- 

10 ished, and he that uttereth lies shall perish. Delight is not seemly 

11 for a fool: much less for a servant to have rule over princes. The 
discretion of a man deferreth his anger ; and it is his glory to pass 

12 over a transgression. The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion ; 

13 but his favour is as dew upon the grass. A foolish son is a calamity 
to his father : and the contentions of a wife are a continual dropping. 

14 House and riches are the inheritance of fathers : and a prudent wife is 

15 from the Eternal. Slolhfulness casteth into a deep sleep ; and a remiss 

16 soul shall suffer hunger. He that keepeth a commandment keepeth 

17 his own soul; but he that despiselh his ways shall die. He that is 
favourable to the poor lendeth unto the Eternal ; and his reward he 

18 will pay him. Chasten thy son while there is hope ; yet desire not^ 

19 to have him put to death. A man of great wrath shall suffer punish- 

20 ment : for if thou deliver /«m, yet thou must do it again. Hear 
counsel, and receive correction, that thou mayest be wise in thy latter 

21 end.* There are many thoughts in a man's heart ; nevertheless the 

22 counsel of the Eternal, that shall stand. The ornament"^ of a man is 

hand. ^ a heart, 3 raise not thy soul. * rcmotcicss. '^ tlesire. 


23 his kindness ; and better a poor than a disappointing man.^ The fear 

24 of the Eternal tendeth to life ; and he that hath it shall abide satis- 

25 fied ; he shall not be visited with evil. When a slothful man hath 
put^ his hand in the platter, he will not even raise^ it to his mouth. 

25 Smite a scorner, and the simple will beware ; but reprove one that 

26 hath understanding, and he will learn* knowledge. He that wasteth 
Ms father, and chaseth away his mother, is a son that causeth shame, 

27 and bringeth ignominy. Cease, my son, to hear instruction causing 

28 to err from the words of knowledge. A worthless witness scorneth 

29 judgment : and the mouth of the wicked devoureth iniquity. Judg- 
ments are prepared for the scorners, and stripes for the back of fools. 

1 Chap. xx. — Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and who- 

2 soever erreth thereby is not wise. The terror of a king is as the 
roaring of a lion : whoso provoketh him to anger sinneth against his 

3 own soul. // is an honour for a man to cease^ from strife : but every 

4 fool fretteth himself. The sluggard will not plough by reason of winter; 

5 therefore shall he beg in the harvest, and have nothing. Counsel in 
the heart of man is like deep water ; but a man of understanding will 

6 draw it out. Most men will proclaim every one his own goodness : 

7 but a faithful man who can find ? A righteous man walketh in his 

8 integrity : O happiness of his children after him. A king that 
sitteth in the throne of judgment scattereth away all evil with his 

9 eyes. Who can say, T have made my heart clean, I am pure from 

10 my sin? Divers weights, g/?c? divers measures,^ both of them are 

1 1 alike abomination to the Eternal. Already in his actions is a boy 

12 known, whether his doing be pure, and whether it be right. A hear- 
ing ear, and a seeing eye, the Eternal hath made even both of them. 

13 Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty ; open thine eyes, and 

14 thou shalt be satisfied with bread. It is naught, it is naught, saith 

15 the buyer : but when he is gone his way, then he boasteth. There is 
gold, and a nmltitude of rubies : but the lips of knowledge are a 

16 precious jewel. Take^ his garment that is surety /or a stranger : and 

17 take a pledge of him for an alien woman. Bread of deceit^ is sweet 
to a man ; but afterwards his mouth shall be filled with gravel. 

18 Thoughts are established by counsel : and with stratagems make 

19 war. He that goeth about as a tale-bearer revealeth secrets : there- 
fore enter into no compact with him that prateth with his lips. 

20 Whoso execrateth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out 

21 in the midst of darkness. An inheritance may be gotten hastily 

22 at the beginning ; but the end^ thereof shall not be blessed. Say 
not thou, I will recompense evil ; but wait on the Eternal, and he 

23 shall save thee. Divers weights^" are an abomination unto the Eternal ; 

24 and a false balance^^ is not good. Man's steps are of the Eternal ; 

25 but what does he know of his way ? It is ci snare to a man to 

26 utter holiness, and afterwards to make enquiry into vows. A 

^ man of falsehood. ^ hiddened. ^ restore. * understand ^ gj^^ ^ ^ stone and a stone, 
an ephali and an cphah. ' he took. ^ lie. ^ remotness. ^^ a stone and a etone. 
1' a balance of cunning. 


wise king scattereth wicked ones, and bringeth a wheel over them. 

27 The spirit' of man is a lamp of the Eternal, searching all the inward 

28 parts- of the belly. Mercy and truth preserve a king : and his 

29 throne is upholden by the mercy. The ornament of young men zs 

30 their strength : and the glory of old men is a grey head. Stripes 
and wounds are a cleansing in evil : so arehlows/or the inward parts^ 
of the belly. 

1 Chap- xxi. — A king's heart is in the hand of the Eternal, as rivulets 

2 of water: ne turneth it whithersover he will. Every way of a man is 

3 right in his own eyes : but the Eternal pondereth hearts. To do 
righteousness and judgment is more acceptable to the Eternal than 

4 sacrifice. Loftiness of eyes and haughtiness of heart are the lamp 

5 of the wicked for sin. The thoughts of the diligent tend only to 

6 plenieousness ; but of every one thai is hasty only to want. The 
getting of treasures by a lying tongue is a tremulous breath bringing^ 

7 death. The robbery of the wicked shall destroy them ; because they 

8 refuse to do judgment. The way of a guilt-laden man is fvoward : 

9 but as for the pure, his doing is right. Better sitting in a corner of 

10 a roof, than a brawling woman and a house jointly possessed.^ The 
soul of the wicked desireth evil : his fellow findeth no favour in his eyes. 

11 When the scorner is punished, the simple is made wise: and by 

12 attending to the wise, he receiveth knowledge. A righteous man 
attentively regarding the house of a wicked one, overturnethMe wicked 

13 for ///eir evil. Whoso stoppeth his ears at the cry of ^/ie poor, he also 

14 shall cry himself, but shall not be answered. A gift in secret pacifieth 

15 anger: and bribery in the bosom strong wrath. /.^ z5 joy to the 
righteous to do judgment : but dismay to the workers of iniquity. 

IG A man that wandereth out of the way of understanding shall rest 

17 in the congregation of the departed. He that loveth pleasure'' shall 

he a man in M^ant : he that loveth wine and ointments^ shall not be rich. 

ISA wicked one shall he a ransom for the righteous ; and a faithless one 

19 for upright ones. Better abiding in a desert land than with a brawl- 

20 ing and provoking woman. There is treasure to be desired and oil 

21 in the dwelling of the wise ; but a foolish man spendeth''' it up. He 
that pursueth righteousness and mercy findeth life, righteousness, 

22 and honour. A wise man scaleth^ the city of the mighty, and casteth 

23 down the strength of the confidence thereof. Whoso keepeth his 

24 mouth and his tongue keepeth his soul from troubles. The presump- 
tuous proud — scorner is his name — acts in the indignation of his pre- 

2.5 sumption. The desire of the slothful killeth him; for his hands 

20 refuse to labour. He coveteth greedily all the day long : and the 

27 righteous giveth and holdeth not back. The sacrifice of the wicked 

is abomination : how nmch more, when he bringeth it with a wicked 

25 device. A false witness shall perish : but a man that listeneth speaketh 

29 to what is established.'-' A wicked man showeth defiance in his face : 

30 but as for the upright, he understandeth his way. There is no wis- 

^ breath. ^ chambers. 3 seeking. * fellowship. *joy. ^ oil. '' swalloweth. 

* goeth up. '■* for ever. 


31 dom, nor understanding, nor counsel against the Eternal. A horse is 
prepared against the day of battle :^ but the salvation is of the 

1 Chap. xxii. — A ffood name is rather to be chosen than great riches, 

2 and loving^ favour rather than silver and gold. Rich and poor meet 

3 together ; the Eternal is the maker of them all. A prudent man 
seeth an evil, and screeneth himself: but simple ones pass on, and 

4 are punished. A consequence of humility is fear of the Eternal, 

5 also riches, honour, and life. Thorns and snares are in the way 
of the froward: let him that doth keep his soul be far from them. 

6 Adapt for the boy his way according to my advice ;3 and when he is 

7 old, he will not depart from it. The rich ruleth over the poor, and a 

8 borrower is servant to a lender. He that soweth iniquity shall reap 

9 mischief : and the rod of his anger shall fail. He that hath a boun- 
tiful eye shall be blessed : for he giveth of his bread to the indigent. 

10 Cast out a scorner, and contention shall go out ; yea, strife and 

11 ignominy shall cease. He that loveth him that is of a pure heart 

12 grace is upon his lips, his friend is a king. The eyes of the Eternal 

13 preserve knowledge, and he perverteth the words of a traitor. A 
slothful man saith, There is a lion without, I shall be murdered in 

14 open places. The mouth of strange women is a deep pit : he that is 

15 execrated by the Eternal shall fall therein. Foolishness is bound in 
the heart of a boy ; but the rod of correction shall drive it far from 

16 him. He that wrongeth the indigent to increase his oivn, giveth to 

17 the rich, he shall sme\y come to want. Incline thine ear, and hear the 

18 words of the sages, and set thy heart upon my knowledge. For it is 
a pleasant thing if thou keep them within thee ;^ they shall withal 

19 be fitted in thy lips. That thy trust may be in the Eternal, I have 

20 have made known to thee this day, even to thee. Have not I written 

21 to thee excellent things in counsels and knowledge. That I might 
make thee know the certainty of the words of truth ; that thou 

22 mightest answer vi'ords in truth to them that send unto thee ? Rob 
not the indigent, because he is indigent : neither crush the poor 

23 in the gate : For the Eternal will plead their cause, and spoil the 

24 soul of those that spoiled them. Associate not thyself with the 

25 irascible ; and with a wrathful man thou shalt not go : Lest thou 

26 become accustomed to his ways,^ and get a snare to thy soul. Be 
not thou one of them that strike hands, or of them that are sureties 

27 for loans. If thou hast nothing to pay, why should he take away 

28 thy bed from under thee ? Remove not the ancient landmark, 

29 which thy fathers have set. Seest thou a man diligent in his work ? 
he shall place himself before kings ; he shall not place himself before 
obscure men. 

^ war. ' good. ^ mouth. * in thy belly. ^ paths. 


1 Chap, xxiii. — When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, consider dili- 

2 gently what is before thee : And put a knife to thy gullet if thou 

3 art of a greedy nature. Do not lust after his dainties : for they are 

4 deceitful meat.^ Labour not to be rich ; cease from thine own wis- 

5 dom.^ Will thine eyes skini^ over it ? it is no more : for it will 

6 certainly make itself wings, fly as an eagle towards heaven. Eat 
thou not the bread of him thai hath an evil eye, neither lust after 

7 his dainty meats : For as he thinketh in his heart, so is he : Eat 

8 and drink saith he to thee ; but his heart is not with thee. Thy 
bread which thou hast eaten shalt thou vomit up, and waste* thy 

9 sweet words. Speak not in the ears of a fool : for he will despise 

10 the wisdom of thy words. Remove not the old landmark; and enter 

1 1 not into the fields of the fatherless : for their redeemer is strong ; he 

12 shall plead their cause with thee, Apply^ thy heart unto correction, 

13 and thine ears to the words of knowledge. Withhold not correction 
from a boy : for if thou beatest him with the rod, he shall not die. 

14 Thou shalt beat him with the rod, and shalt deliver his soul from the 

15 grave. My son, if thy heart be wise, my heart shall rejoice, even 

16 mine. Yea, my reins shall exult, when thy lips speak right things. 

17 Let not thy heart envy the sinners: hut be thou in the fear of the 

18 Eternal all the day long. For surely there is a future f and thy 

19 hope shall not be cut off. Hear thou, my son, and be wise, and 

20 guide thy heart in the way. Be not among Avinebibbers, who de- 

21 grade their own body '^ For a drunkard and a contemner shall come 

22 to poverty : and drowsiness shall clothe a man with rags. Hearken 
unto thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy mother when 

23 she is old. Acquire truth, and sell lY not ; «/50 wisdom, and correction, 
24) and insight : The father of the righteous shall greatly rejoice : and 

25 he that begetteth a wise child shall have joy of him. Thy father and 

26 thy mother shall be glad, and she that bare thee shall rejoice. My 

27 son, give me thy heart, and let thine eyes observe my ways. For a 

28 harlot is a deep ditch ; and an alien woman is a narrow well. She 
also lieth in wait like a robber, and increaseth faithless ones among 

29 men. Who hath woe ? who hath sorrow ? who hath contentions ? 
who hath babbling ? who hath wounds without cause ? who hath 

30 redness of eyes ? They that tarry long at the wine ; they that go to 

3 1 try spiced wine. Look not thou upon wine, though it may sparkle ;^ 
if any set his eye on the cup he will wander about in the straightest 

^ bread of lalsehoods. - insight. * fly. * spoil. * bring. * remoteness. 

' flesh. 8 is red. 


32 path. At the last it biteth like a serpent, and stingeth like a viper. 

33 Thine eyes shall behold strange women, and thine heart shall utter 

34 perverse things. Yea, thou shalt be as he that lieth down in the 

35 midst of the sea, or as he that lieth upon the top of a mast. They 
have stricken me, shalt thou say, and I was not sick ; they have 
beaten me, and I knew it not : when shall I awake 1 I will seek it yet 

1 Chap. xxiv. — Be not thou envious against evil men, neither desire 

2 to be with them. For their heart meditateth destruction, and their 

3 lips talk of mischief. By wisdom is a house built ; and by under- 

4 standing it is established : and by knowledge shall the chambers be 

5 filled with all precious and pleasant riches. A wise man acteth with 

6 resolution,^ and a man of knowledge exerteth his strength. For by 
stratagem thou shalt make thy war : and in multitude of counsellors 

7 there is salvation. Wisdom is too high for a fool : he openeth not 

8 his mouth in the gate. He that deviseth to do evil shall be called a 

9 mischievous person,^ The thought of foolishness is sin : and the 

10 scorner is an abomination to men. If thou faint in the day of 

11 adversity, thy strength is small. If thou forbear to deliver them 

12 that are drawn unto the death, and those that totter to be slain ; If 
thou sayest. Behold, we knew it not ; doth not he that pondereth the 
heart consider it ? and he that guardeth thy soul he knows, and shall 

13 render to every man according to his doing. My son, eat thou 
honey, because it is good ; and honeycomb which is sweet to thy 

14 palate : Thus acquire^ wisdom for thy soul : when thou hast found 
it, then there shall be a reward,* and thy expectation shall not be cut 

15 off. Lay not wait, O wicked man, against the abode of a righteous 

16 one ; spoil not his resting-place : For a righteous man falleth seven 
times, and riseth up again ; but the wicked shall stumble into mis- 

17 chief. Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thy heart 
J 8 be glad when he stumbleth : Lest the Eternal see it, and it dis- 

19 please him, and he turn away his wrath from him. Fret not thyself 
because of the evil doers, neither be thou envious at the wicked ; 

20 For there shall be no reward* to the evil man ; the candle of wicked 

21 ones shall be put out. My son, fear thou the Eternal and the king : 

22 and meddle not with them that are given to change : For their 
calamity shall rise suddenly ; and who knoweth the ruin of them 

23 both ? These things also belong to the wise. It is not good to have 

24 respect of persons^ in judgment. He that saith unto wacked ones, 
Thou art righteous ; him shall people curse, races shall execrate 

25 him: But to them that rebuke him shall be delight, and a good 
2G blessing shall come upon them. Every man shall kiss his lips that 
27 giveth apposite answers." Prepare thy work without, and make it 

might. 2 master of intrigues. ^ know. * remoteness. * recognise a face. 

'' words. 


28 fit for thj'self in the field ; and afterwards build thy house. Be not 
a witness against thy fellow without cause ; for wouldst thou deceive 

29 with thy lips ? Say not, I will do so to him as he hath done to me : 

30 I will render to the man according to his doing. I went by the field 
of a slothful man, and by the vineyard of a person void of under- 

31 standing ;^ And, lo, there had sprung up all over thorns, and nettles 
had covered the face thereof, and the stone fence thereof was broken 

32 down. Then I saw, and took^ e^ to heart; I looked upon '\{, and 

33 received 'nstruction.^ Yet a little sleep, a little slumber, a little 

34 folding of the hands to lie down. So shall thy impoverishment come 
as a traveller; and thy want as an armed man. 

1 Chat', XXV. — These are also maxims of Solomon, which the men of 

2 Hezekiah, king of Judah, copied out. It is the glory of God to 
conceal a thing: but the honour of kings is to search out a thing. 

3 Heaven for height and earth for depth, yet the heart of kings is un- 

4 searchable. Take away dross from silver, and there shall come 

5 forth a vessel for the finer. Take away a wicked one /"rom before a 
king, and his throne shall be established in the righteousness. 

G Glory not thyself in the presence of the king, and stand not in the 

7 place of great men : For better it is that it be said unto thee. Come 
up hither ; than that thou shouldest be put lower in the presence of 

8 a noble, which thine eyes have also seen. . Go not forth hastily to 
strive ; consider what thou wilt do in the end thereof, when thy 

9 fellow hath put thee to shame. Plead thy cause with thy fellow ; 

10 yet the secret of another discover not: Lest he that heareth it put 

11 thee to shame, and thine infamy turn not away. A word fitly 

1 2 spoken is like apples of gold with figures of silver. As a pendant of 
gold, and an ornament of fine gold, so is a wise reprover upon an 

13 obedient ear. As the cold of snow in the time of harvest, so is a 
faithful messenger to them that send him : for he refresheth^ the soul 

14 of his masters. Whoso boasteth himself of a false gift es like clouds 

15 and wind without rain. By long forbearing is a chief persuaded, 

16 and a soft tongue breaketh a bone. Hast thou found honey ? eat so 
much as is sufficient for thee, lest thou be sated therewith, and vomit 

17 it. Set thy foot seldom in thy fellow's house ; lest he be weary^ of 

18 thee, and so hate thee. A man that speaketh'' as a false witness 

19 against his fellow is a maul, and a sword, and a sharp arrow. Con- 
fidence in a faithless man in time of trouble is like a broken tooth, 

20 and a slipping foot. As he that taketh off a garment on a day of 
frost, and as vinegar upon nitre, so is he that singeth the songs to a 

21 heavy''' heart. If he that hateth thee be hungry, give him bread to 

22 eat ; and if he be thirsty, give him water to drink : For thou shalt 
heap burning coals upon his head, and the Eternal will reward thee. 

23 A north wind begetteth a shower : and an angry countenance a back- 

heart. 2 set. 3 tool; correction. ' rcstorctli. * sated. ""• answereth. ' evil. 


24 biting tongue.^ Better sitting in a corner of a roof, than with a 

25 brawling woman and a house jointly possessed. As cold waters to a 
*26 thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country. A righteous man 

sinking before a wicked one, is as a fouled fountain, and a corrupt 

27 spring. It is not good to eat much honey : and the pursuit^ of glory 

28 is glory. He that hafh no control over his own spirit is like a city 
that is broken down, and without a rampart. 

1 Chap. xxvi. — As the snow in the summer, and as the rain in the 

2 harvest, so honour is not seemly for a fool. As the bird is ready to 
flee, as the swallow to fly away, so a causeless execration, it shall not 

3 come. A whip for the horse, a bridle for the ass, and a rod for the 

4 fool's back. Answer not a fool according to his folly, lest thou also 

5 be like unto him. Answer a fool according to his folly, lest he 

6 be wise in his own eyes. He that sendeth word by the hand of a 

7 fool cutteth off feet, and drinketh damage.^ The thighs languidly 
hang down from the lame : so is a parable in the mouth of fools. 

8 As a bundle oi precious stones in a stone-heap, so is he that giveth 

9 honour to a fool, ^s a thorn goes up in the hand of a drunkard, so 

10 is a parable in the mouth of fools. A master maketh all writhe, but he 

1 1 that hireth a fool hiretli passers by. As a dog returneth to his vomit, 

12 so a fool repeateth his folly. Seest thou a man wise in his own eyes ? 

13 there is more hope of a fool than of him. A slothful 7nan saith, 

14 There is a lion in the way ; a lion is between the streets. The door 

15 turneth upon its hinges, and a slothful man upon his bed. The 
slothful putteth his hand in a platter, he is too weary to bring 

16 it again to his mouth. The sluggard is wiser in his own eyes than 

17 seven men that can render a reason.* He that passeth by, and 
is exasperated at strife belonging not to him, is like one that 

18 taketh a dog by the ears. As a mad 7nan who shooteth missiles, 

19 fiery arrows, and death, So is the man that deceiveth his 

20 fellow, and saith, am not I in sport ? Where no wood is, there fire 
goeth out : so where there is no talebearer, contention ceaseth. 

21 Coal to embers,^ and wood to fire'; so a contentious man to kindle strife. 

22 The words of a talebearer are as dainty morsels, and they go down 

23 into the innermost parts of the belly. Burning lips and a wicked 

24 heart are like a potsherd covered with silver dross. He that hateth 

25 dissembleth with his lips, and layeth up deceit within him ; However 
gentle his voice, believe him not: iov there ere seven abominations 

26 in his heart. Whose hatred is covered by deceit, his wickedness shall 

27 be shown before the whole congregation. Whoso diggeth a pit shall 

28 fall therein : and he that rolleth a stone, it will return upon him. A 
lying tongue hateth those crushed by it; and a flattering mouth 
worketh ruin. 

' a tongue of secrecy. - search, ^ violence. * discretion. * burning coals. 


1 Chap, xxvii. — Boast not thyself of to-morrow ; for thou knowest 

2 not what a day may bring forth. Let another man praise thee^ and 

3 not thine own mouth ; a stranger,' and not thine own lips. The 
heaviness of a stone, and the weight of the sand — but grief by a fool 

4 is heavier than them both. The cruelty of fury, and the vehemence 

5 of wrath — but who is able to stand before envy ? Open rebuke is 

6 better than secret love. Faithful are the wounds of a friend, but the 

7 kisses of an enemy are abundant. Ths full soul loatheth a honey- 

8 comb ; but to the hungry soul every bitter thing is sweet. As a bird 
that wandereth from her nest, so is a man that wandereth from his 

9 place. Oil and incense rejoice the heart: but the sweetness of one's 

10 friend^ more than the counsel of his soul. Thine own friend,^ and 
thy father's friend,^ forsake not ; neither go into thy brother's house 
in the day of thy calamity : better is a neighbour that is near than a 

11 brother afar off. My son, be wise, and make my heart glad, that I 

12 may answer him that reproacheth me. A prudent man foreseeth an 
evil, and hideth himself; but simple ones pass on, and are pun- 

13 ished. Take his garment, for he was surety for a stranger ; and take 

14 a pledge of him for a strange woman. He that saluteth his friend 
with a loud voice, rising early in the morning, it shall be counted a 

15 curse to him. A continual dropping in a very rainy day and a 

16 contentious woman are alike. Whosoever hideth her hideth the wind, 

17 and he calleth for the oil of his right hand. Iron sharpeneth iron ; so 

18 a man sharpeneth the countenance of his fellow. "Whoso keepeth a 
fig tree shall eat the fruit thereof: so he that guardeth his master 

19 shall be honoured. As in the water face answe^^eth to face, .so the 

20 heart of man to man. The grave and destruction are never satisfied ; 

21 so the eyes of man are never satisfied. As a fining pot to the silver, 
and a furnace to the gold ; so should a man be to the mouth of his 

22 eulogist. Though thou shouldest bray the fool in the mortar among 
the ground corn with the pestle, 7/et will not his foolishness depart 

23 from him. Be thou diligent to know the state^ of thy flocks, and 

24 look well* to thy herds. For riches are not for ever : and doth a 

25 crown endure from age to age ? fVhen hay is gone, and tender grass 
2G sheweth itself, then nmst herbs of mountains be gathered. Lambs 
27 «^e for thy clothing, and he-goats are the price of a field. And thou 

shalt have goats' milk enough for thy food,^ for the food of thy house- 
hold, and ybr maintenance" for thy maidens. 

1 Chap, xxviii. — The wicked flee although no one pursueth ; but 

2 the righteous are confident like a young lion. Through rebellion''' of 
aland many are the princes thereof: but by a man of understanding 

3 and knowledge what is established shall endure. A tyrant^ of the 
impoverished, and an oppressor of the indigent is like a sweeping rain 

' alien. ^ fellow. ' face. * set thy heart. ' bread, ' \\k. '' transgression. 

* man. 



4 which leaveth no foocL^ They that forsake the law praise the 

5 wicked: but such as keep the law contend with them. Evil men 
understand not judgment : but they that seek the Eternal understand 

6 all things. Better is the impoverished that walketh in his integrity, 

7 than he that is perverse in Ms ways, though he be rich. Whoso 
preserveth the law is an understanding son : but he that is a com- 

8 panion- of gluttons shameth his father. He that by usury and unjust 
gain^ increaseth his substance, he shall gather it for the charitable to 

9 the poor. He that turneth away his ear from hearing the law, even 

10 his prayer is abomination. Whoso causeth the upright to go astray 
in an evil way, he shall fall himself" into his own pit : but the perfect 

11 shall inherit what is good. A rich man is wise in his own eyes ; but 

12 t/ie poor that hatn understanding searcheth him out. When right- 
eous men do exult, there is great splendour : but when the wicked 

13 rise, a man hath to be sought after. He that covereth his transgressions 
shall not prosper : but whoso confesseth and forsaketh thetn shall have 

14 mercy. O happiness of the man that feareth alway : but he that 

15 hardeneth his heart shall fall into mischief. Js a roaring lion, and a 

16 ranging bear ; so is a wicked ruler over a poor people. A chief that 
wanteth understanding is also a great oppressor ; but he that hateth 

17 covetousness shall prolong his days. A man oppressed for the guilt 
of blood* — should he flee to the very pit, let them not uphold him. 

18 Whoso walketh upright shall be saved : but he that is perverse in 

19 his ways shall fall at once. He that tilleth his ground shall be satis- 
fied with bread : but he that followeth after vain persoyis shall have 

20 poverty enough. A faithful man shall abound with blessings : but he 

21 that maketh haste to be rich shall not be guiltless. To have respect 
of persons^ is not good : for a morsel of bread a man will transgress. 

22 A man of an evil eye hasteth to be rich, and considereth not that want 

23 shall come upon him. He that rebuketh a man after me shall find 

24 more favour than he that flattereth with the tongue. Whoso robbeth 
his father or his mother, and saith. It is no transgession ; the same is 

25 the companion of a destroyer. He that is of a proud heart stirreth 
up strife : but he that putteth his trust in the Eternal shall be made 

26 fat. He that trusteth in his own heart is a fool : but whoso walketh 

27 wisely, he shall escape. He that giveth unto the impoverished shall 

28 not lack : but he that hideth his eyes shall have many a curse. When 
the wicked rise, men hide themselves : but when they perish, the 
righteous increase. 

1 Chap. xxix. — The man of rebukes that hardeneth his neck, shall 

2 suddenly be destroyed,^ and that without remedy. When the right- 
eous increase, the people rejoice : but when the wicked beareth rule, 

3 a people groaneth. A man loving wisdom rejoiceth his father : but 

4 he that keepeth company with harlots spendeth his substance. A 
king by judgment establisheth a land: but he that receiveth gifts''' 

6 overthroweth it. A man that flattereth his fellow spreadeth a net 
6 for his feet. In the transgression of an evil man there is a snare : but 

* bread. * feeder. ^ increase. * for the blood of a soul. 5 to recognise a face. 
» broken. ' a man of heave -offerings. 


7 the righteous doth shout and rejoice. The righteous considereth the 

8 cause of the poor : bi/t the wicked regardeth not to know it. Scorn- 

9 ful men inflame a city : but wise men turn away wrath. If a wise 
man contendeth with a foolish man, whether he rage or laugh, there 

10 is no rest. Bloodthirsty persons hate the pious : and as for the 

11 upright, they seek his soul. A fool uttereth all his mind : but a wise 

12 7nan controlleth it till afterwards. //' a ruler hearken to lies, all his 
1.3 ministers are wicked. The poor and the deceitful man meet toge- 

14 ther : the Eternal lighteneth both their eyes. A king that faithfully 

15 judgeth the poor, his throne shall be established for ever. A rod 
and reproof give wisdom : but a child left^ to himself bringeth his 

16 mother to shame. When the wicked increase, transgression in- 

17 creaseth : but the righteous shall see their fall. Chastise thy son, 
and he shall give thee rest ; yea, he shall give delight unto thy soul. 

18 Where there is no vision, the people becometh unruly : but he that 

19 kc-epeth the law, happy is he. A servant will not be corrected by 

20 words: for though he understand he will not answ^er. Seest thou a 
man that is hasty in his words ? there is more hope of a fool than of 

21 him. He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child shall 

22 have him become his son at the length. An angry man stirreth up 

23 strife, and a furious man aboundeth in transgression. A man's pride 
shall bring him low : but honour shall uphold the humble in spirit. 

24 Whoso is partner with a thief hateth his own soul : he heareth the 

25 adjuration, and telleth it not. The dread of man bringeth a 
snare ; but whoso putteth his trust in the Eternal shall be safe. 

26 Many seek the ruler's favour f but every man's judgment cometh from 

27 the Eternal. An unjust man is an abomination to the just : and Ae 
that is upright in the way is abomination to the wicked. 

1 Chap. xxx. — The words of Agur the son of Jakeh, eventhe burden : 
the declaration of the man unto Ithiel, even unto Ithiel and Ucal. 

2 Surely I am more brutish than any man, and have not the under- 

3 standing of a man. I neither learned wisdom, nor have the know- 

4 ledge of holy ones. Who hath ascended up into heaven, or de- 
scended ? who hath gathered wind in his fist ? who hath bound waters 
in the garment { who hath established all the ends of the earth } what 

5 is his name, and what is his son's name, if thou knowest ? Every 
word of God is refined : he is a shield unto them that put their trust 

6 in him. x\dd thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou 

7 be found a liar. Two things have I asked of thee ; deny me them 

8 not before I die : Remove far from me vanity and lies: give me 

9 neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food assigned to me : Lest 
I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the Eternal ? or lest I be 
impoverished, and steal, and takc^ the name of my God in vain. 

10 Accuse* not a servant unto his master, lest he curse thee, and thou 

sent forth. * face. ^ ggize. * slander. 


11 incur guilt. 77«ere is a generation that curse their father, and 

12 do not bless their mother. There is a generation that are pure in 

13 their own eyes, and yet are not washed from their filthiness. There is a 
generation, O how lofty are their eyes ! and their eyelids are lifted 

14 up. There is a generation whose teeth are as swords, and their jaw 
teeth as knives, to devour the poor from oif the earth, and the needy 

15 from among men. Alukah hath two daughters, crying. Give, give. 
There are three things that are never satisfied, yea, four things say 

16 not, It is enough : The grave ; and a barren womb ; earth that is 

17 not filled with water; and fire that saith not, // is enough. The eye 
that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the 
ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat 

18 it. There are three things lohich are too wonderful for me, yea, four 

19 which I know not : The way of the eagle in the air ;^ the way of a 
serpent upon a rock ; the way of a ship in the midst of a sea ; and the 

20 way of a man with a young woman. Such is the way of an adulterous 
woman ; she eateth, and wipeth her mouth, and saith, I have done 

21 ho wrong. For three things a land is disquieted, and for four which 

22 it cannot bear : For a servant when he reigneth ; and a base one 

23 when he is filled with meat ; For an odious woman when she is 

24 married ; and a handmaid that is heir to her mistress. There are 
four things which are little upon earth, but they are exceeding wise : 

25 The ants are a people not strong, yet they prepare their meat in the 

26 summer ; The conies are a people not mighty, yet make they their 

27 houses in the rocks ; The locusts have no king, yet go they forth 

28 all of them by bands ; A spider thou mayest catch with the hands, 

29 and is in kings' palaces. There are three things which go well, yea, 

30 four are comely in going : A lion which is strongest among the 

31 beasts, and turneth not away for any; The loin-girt; a he-goat 

32 also ; and a king, against whom there is no rising up. If thou hast 
done basely in lifting up thyself, or if thou hast thought evil, lay thy 

33 hand upon thy moutb. Surely the churning'^ of milk bringeth forth 
butter, and the wringing^ of the nose bringeth forth blood : so the 
forcing^ of wrath bringeth forth strife. 

1 Chap. xxxi. — Words of King Lemuel, the burden that his 

2 mother taught^ him. What hast thou to observe, my son ? and what, 

3 son of my v/omb ? and what, the son of my vows ? Give not thy 

4 strength unto women, nor thy ways to blot out kings. // is not for 

' heaven. * squeezing. ' chastised. 


kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine ; nor for princes 

5 to covet strong drink : Lest they drink, and forget what is estab- 

6 lished, and alter Ihe verdict of any of the afflicted. Give strong 
drink unto him that errs about, and wine unto those that ore of heavy^ 

7 hearts. Let him drink, and forget his impoverishment, and remem- 

8 ber his misery no more. Open thy mouth for the dumb in the cause 

9 of all such as are appointed to destruction. Open thy mouth, judge 

10 righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy. Who can 

11 find a virtuous woman ? for her price is far above rubies. The heart 
of her husband doth safely trust in her, and he shall not lack gain. 

12 She will do him good and not evil all the days of her life. 

13 She looketh for wool and flax, and worketh willingly with her hands. 

14 She is like the merchants' ships ; she bringeth her food from afar. 

15 She riseth also while it is yet night, and giveth meat to her house- 

16 hold, and a portion to her maidens. She considereth a field, and 

17 bujeth^ it: with the fruit of her hand she planteth a vineyard. She 

18 girdeth her loins with strength, and strengtheneth her arms. She 
perceiveth that her merchandise is good : her lamp goeth out by 

19 night. She layeth her hands to the spindle, and her hands hold the 

20 distaff. She stretcheth out her hand to the poor ; yea, she reacheth 

21 forth her hands to the needy. She is not afraid of the snow for her 

22 household : for all her household are clothed with scarlet. She 
maketh herself coverings of tapestry; iier clothing is fine linen and red 

23 purple. Her husband is known in the gates, when he sitteth among 

24 the elders of the land. She maketh shirts, and selleth them ; and 

25 delivereth girdles unto the Canaanite. Strength and honour are her 

26 clothing; and she laugheth at the coming day. She openeth her 

27 mouth with wisdom ; and in her tongue is the law of kindness. She 
looketh well to the ways of her household, and eateth not the bread 

2S of idleness. Her children arise vip, and call her blessed ; her husband 

29 also, and he praiseth her. Many daughters have done virtuously, 

30 but thou excellest them all. Favour is deceitful, and l)eauty is vain : 

31 but a woman that feareth the Eternal, she shall be praised. Give 
her of the fruit of her hands ; and let her own works praise her in the 

' bitter, 2 takcth. 


1 Chap. i. — There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name 2^;«5 Job; 
and that man was plain and upright, and one that feared God, and 

2 eschewed evil. And there were born unto him seven sons and three 

3 daughters. His possession also was seven thousand sheep, and three 
thousand camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred 
she asses, and very many domestics ; so that this man was great above 

4 all sons of the east. And his sons went and made a feast in their 
houses, every one his clay ; and sent and called for their three sisters 

5 to eat and to drink with them. And it was so, when the days of 
their feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, 
and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings accord- 
ing to the number of them all : for Job said, It may be that my sons 
have sinned, and cursed^ God in their hearts. Thus did Job con- 

6 tinually.^ Now there was the day when the sons of God came to 
present^ themselves before the Eternal, and the obstructor came also 

7 among them. And the Eternal said unto the obstructor. Whence 
comest thou ? Then the obstructor answered the Eternal, and said. 
From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down 

8 in it. And the Eternal said unto the obstructor, Hast thou marked 
my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a plain and 

9 an upright man, one that feareth God and escheweth evil ? Then 
the obstructor answered the Eternal, and said. Doth Job fear God 

10 for nought I Hast not thou made a hedge about him, and about his 
house, and about all that he hath on every side ? thou hast blessed 
the work of his hands, and his possession is increased in the land. 

11 But put forth thy hand now, and touch all that he hath, if he does 

12 not curse'* thee to thy face .... And the Eternal said unto the ob- 
structor, Behold, all that he hath is in thy power ; only upon himself 
put not forth thy hand. So the obstructor went forth from the pre- 

13 sence of the Eternal. And there was the day when his sons and his 
daughters were eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother's 

14 house : And there came a messenger unto Job, and said, The oxen 
lo were ploughing, and the she-asses were feeding beside them : And 

1 blessed • all the days. ^ place. ^ bless. 

JOB I., II. 

Sabeans fell upon them, and took them away ; yea, they have smitten 
the servants with the edge of the sword ; and I only am escaped 

16 alone to tell thee. While he ivas yet speaking, there came also 
another, and said, A fire of God is fallen from the heaven, and hath 
burned up the flock, and the servants, and consumed them ; and I 

17 only am escaped alone to tell thee. While he was yet speaking, 
there came also another, and said, Chaldeans made out three bands, 
and fell upon the camels, and have carried them away, yea, and 
smitten the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am 

18 escaped alone to tell thee. While he ivas yet speaking, there came 
also another, and said. Thy sons and thy daughters roere eating and 

19 drinking wine in their eldest brother's house: And, behold, there 
came a great wind from the side of the desert, and smote' the four 
corners of the house, and it fell upon the young men, and they are 

20 dead; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee. Then Job arose, 
an J rent his robe, and cut off the hair of his head, and fell down upon 

21 the ground, and prostrated himself. And said, Naked came I out 
of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither : the Eternal 
gave, and the Eternal hath taken away ; blessed be the name of the 

22 Eternal. In all this Job sinned not, nor charged^ God impiously. 

1 Chap. ii. — Now there was the day when the sons of God came to 
present^ themselves before the Eternal, and the obstructor came also 

2 among them to present' himself before the Eternal. And the Eternal 
said unto the obstructor, From whence comest thou? and the ob- 
structor answered the Eternal, From going to and fro in the earth, 

3 and from walking up and down in it. And the Eternal said unto 
the obstructor, Hast thou marked my servant Job, that tJiere is none 
like him in the earth, a plain and an upright man, one that feareth 
God, and escheweth evil ? and still he holdeth last his integrity, 
although thou enticedst me against him, to destroy* him without 

4 cause. And the obstructor answered the Eternal, and said, Skin for 

5 skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life. But put forth 
thy hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, if he will not curse^ 

G thee to thy face. . . . And the Eternal said unto the obstructor, 

7 Behold, he is in thy hand : only take care of his life. So the 
obstructor went forth from the presence of the Eternal, and smote 

8 Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot unto his crown. And 
he took him a potsherd to scrape himself withal ; and he sat down 

9 among the ashes. Then said his wife unto him. Dost thou still hold 
lO fast thine integrity ? curse'^ God, and die. But he said unto her. 

Thou speakest as one of the base women speaketh. Ay ? shall we 

* touched. ^ gave. ^ p'ace. * swallow. ' bless. 


receive the good from God, and shall we not receive the evil ? In all 

11 this did not Job sin with his lips. Now when the three friends of 
Job* heard of all this that was come upon him, they came every one 
from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, 
and Zophar the Naamathite : for they had made an appointment 

12 together to come to condole with him and to comfort him. And 
when they lifted up their eyes afar off, and recognised him not, they 
lifted up their voice, and wept; and they rent every one his robe, and 

13 sprinkled dust upon their heads towards heaven. So they sat down 
with him upon the ground seven days and seven nights, and none 
spake a word unto him : for they saw the pain was very great. 

1 Chap, in. — After this Job opened his mouth, and execrated^ his 

2 3 day. And Job spake, and said, Let the day perish wherein I 

4 was born, and the night which said, She is pregnant, O man. Let 
that day be darkness ; let not got God from above require it, neither 

5 let light beam upon it. Let darkness and the shadow of death 
claimi it : let a cloud dwell upon it ; let darkenings of light^ terrify 

6 it. As for that night, let thick darkness seize upon it; let it not 
rejoice among the days of a year, let it not come into the number of 

7 months. Lo, let that night be solitary, let no shout come therein. 

8 Let execrators of days curse it, who are ready to stir up levi- 

9 athan. Let the stars of the twilight thereof be dark; let it look for 
light, but have none ; neither let it see the eyelids of the dawn. 

10 Because it shut not up the doors of my mother's womb, nor hid 

11 sorrow from mine eyes. Wherefore died 1 not from the womb ? why 

12 did I not expire when I came out of the belly ? Why did knees readily 

13 receive me ^ or why breasts that 1 should suck? For now should 
I have lain still and been quiet, I should have slept : then had I been 

14 at rest, With kings and counsellors of the earth, who build desolate 

15 places for themselves ; Or with princes^ that had gold, who filled their 

16 houses with silver : Or as a hidden untimely birth I had not been; 

17 as infants ivho never saw light. There wicked ones cease from 

18 troubling ; and there weary ones are at rest. There prisoners repose 

19 together ; they hear not the voice of the taskmaster. Small and 

20 great are there; and a servant is free from his master. Wherefore 
giveth he light unto him that is in misery, and life unto the bitter in 

21 soul ; Who long for the death, but it cometh not ; and dig for it 

22 more than for hid treasures ; Who rejoice even to exultation, awf/ 

23 are glad, when they find a grave ? IVhy is light given to a man 

24 whose way is hid, and whom God hath hedged in ? For my sighing 
cometh before my meat, and my roarings are poured out like the 

' rcd'jcm. - i!a} . ^ oiikers. 

JOB IIF., IV., V. 

25 waters. For the thing which I greatly dreaded is come upon me, 

26 and that which I was afraid of is come unto me. I was not in safety, 
neither had I rest, neither was 1 quiet, and trouble came. 

I 2 Chap. iv. — Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said, If 
we attempt a word with thee, wilt thou find it tiresome ? but who 

3 can restrain himself from speaking ? Beheld, thou hast instructed^ 

4 many, and thou hast strengthened weak hands. Thy words have 
upholden him that was stumbling, and thou hast invigorated the 

5 feeble knees. But now it is come upon thee, and thou findest it 

6 tiresome ; it toucheth thee, and thou art troubled. Should not thy 
fear of God be thy confidence, and the uprightness of thy ways thy 

7 hope? Pray, remember, who ever perished, being innocent? or 

8 where were righteous ones cut off? Even as I have seen, they 

9 that plough iniquity, and sow wickedness, reap the same. By the 
breath of God they perish, and by the blast of his nostrils are they 

10 consumed. The roaring of a lion, and the voice oi a fierce lion, and 

11 the teeth of young lions, are broken. The fierce lion perisheth for 

12 lack of prey, and the lioness's whelps are scattered abroad. Now a 

13 word stole to me, and mine ear caught a whisper thereof. In 
thoughts from the visions of the night, when deep sleep falleth on men, 

14 Dread came upon me, and trembling, and terrified all my bones. 

15 Then a spirit passed before my face ; the hair of my flesh bristled : 

16 It stood still, but I could not discern the form thereof: an image 
was before mine eyes, there ivas silence, and I heard a voice, saying ^ 

17 Shall mortal man be more just than God? shall a man be more pure 

18 than his maker? Behold, he put no trust in his servants ; and his 

19 angels he charged with folly : How much less in them that dwell 
in houses of clay, whose foundation is in the dust, who are crushed 

20 before a moth. Between morning and the evening they are shat- 

21 tered : they perish for ever without any regarding it. Is not their 
excellency which is in them removed ? they die, even without 

1 Chap. v. — Call now, if there be any that will answer thee ; and to 

2 which of the holy ones wilt thou turn ? For grief killeth a foolish 

3 man, and envy slayeth a silly one. As for me, when I saw a fool 

4 taking root, I marked out his abode for sudden destruction. His 
children are far from safety, and they are crushed in the gate, neither 

5 is there any to deliver them. Whose harvest tlie hungry eateth up, 
and taketh it even out of the thorns, and tlie robber pants after 

6 their substance. Although iniquity cometh not forth of dust, neither 

7 doth trouble spring out of tlie ground ; Yet man is born unto 

8 trouble, as the sparks- fly upward. But I would seek unto God, and 

9 unto God would I commit my cause : Who doeth great things and 

10 unsearchable; marvellous things without number : Who giveth rain 

I I upon the earth, and sendeth waters upon the face of grounds : To 

chastised. * sons of burning heat. 

JOB v., VI. 

set up on high those who are low : that those who mourn may be 

12 exalted to safety. He maketh void the devices of the cunning, so 

13 that their hands can perform nothing real. He taketli the wise in 
their own cunning : and the counsel of entanglers is carried headlong. 

14 They meet with darkness in the daytime, and grope in the noonday 
1.5 as in the night. But he saveth the needy from the sword, from their 

16 mouth, and from the hand of the mighty. So ^Ae destitute hath hope, 

17 and iniquity closeth her mouth. Behold the happiness of the man 
whom (jfod reproveth : therefore despise not thou the correction of 

11 the Almighty : For he maketh sore, and bindeth up : he woundeth, 

19 and his hands make whole. He shall deliver thee in six troubles : 

20 yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. In famine he shall 
redeem thee from death : and in war from the power of the sword. 

21 Thou shalt be hid from the scourge of the tongue : neither shalt thou 

22 be afraid of destruction when it cometh. At destruction and starva- 
tion thou shalt laugh : neither shalt thou be afraid of the beasts of 

23 the earth. For thou shalt be in covenant with the stones of the 

24 field : and the beasts of the field shall be at peace with thee. And 
thou shalt know that thy tent shall be in peace ; and thou shalt visit 

25 thy habitation, and nothing shall be missed. Thou shalt know also 
that thy seed shall be great, and thine offspring as the grass of the 

26 earth. Thou shalt come to thy grave in a full age, like as a shock of 

27 corn cometh in in its season. Lo this, we have searched it, so it is ; 
hear it, and know thou it for thy good. 

1 2 Chap. vi. — But Job answered and said, Oh that my grief were 
thoroughly weighed, and my calamity laid in the balances together. 

3 For now it would be heavier than the sand of seas : therefore my 

4 words are hasty. For the arrows of the Almighty are within me, the 
fury whereof drinketh up my spirit : the terrors of God do set 

5 themselves in array against me. Doth the wild ass bray over tender 

6 grass ? or loweth the ox over his meslin ? Can that which is unsa- 
voury be eaten without salt ? or is there ar^y taste in the white of an 

7 egg ? My soul hath refused to touch these ; they are like sickening 

8 food to me. Oh that I might have my request ; and that God would 

9 grant me the thing that I long for ! Even that it would please God 
to crush me; that he would let loose his hand, and tear me off! 

10 Then I should yet have comfort ; yea, I would exult in writhing, 
though he spared not, that I have not denied the words of the Holy 

11 One. What is my strength, that I should hope? and what is mine 

12 end, that I should prolong my desire ?^ If my strength were the 

13 strength of stones, if my flesh were of copper — But when there is no 

14 help for me in myself, and existence removed from me — To him 
that melteth away, kindness should be shown him from his friend ; 

15 but he forsaketh the fear of the Almighty. My brethren have dealt 
deceitfully as a brook, and as the stream of brooks they pass away ; 

16 Which are turbid by reason of the ice, and wherein the snow is hid : 

' soul. 


17 What time they wax warm, they vanish : when it is hot, they are 

18 extinguished out of their place. The paths of their way are turned 

19 aside : they go to waste, and perish. The troops^ of Tema looked, 

20 the companies^ of Sheba waited for them. They were ashamed 
because they had hoped ; they came thither, and were confounded. 

21 For now had ye been his, beholding a terror, you would have been 

22 afraid. Did I say, Bring unto me ? or. Give a bribe for me 

23 of your substance?^ Or, Rescue me from the enemy's hand? or, 

24 Redeem me from the hand of tyrants ? Teach me, and I will 
hold my tongue : and cause me to understand wherein I have erred. 

25 How foioible are right words ! but what doth your arguing reprove ? 

26 Do ye imagine to reprove with mere words, useless speeches to the 

27 mind ? Yea, ye overwhelm the fatherless, and ye dig a pit for your 

28 friend. Now therefore be content, look upon me ; and to your faces 

29 will if be if I lie. Return, I pray you, let there not be iniquity ; yea, 

30 return again, my righteousness is in it. Is there iniquity in my 
tongue ? cannot my palate discern perverse things ? 

1 Ceiap. VII. — 'Has not man a warfare upon earth? are not his days 

2 like the days of a hireling ? As a servant that gaspeth for shadow, 

3 and as a hireling that looketh for the reward of his work : So am 
I made to possess months of vanity, and wearisome nights are 

4 appointed to me. When I lie down, I say, When shall I arise, and 
the night be gone ? and T am full of tossings too and fro unto the 

5 dawning of the day. My flesh is clothed with worms and clods of 

6 dust; my skin is broken, and become loathsome. My days are 

7 swifter than a weaver's shuttle, and are spent without hope. O re- 

8 member that my life is wind : mine eye shall no more see good. The 
eye of him that hath seen me shall perceive me no more : thine eyes 

9 are upon me, and I am not. As the cloud is consumed and vanisheth 
away : so he that goeth down to the grave shall come up no more. 

10 He shall return no more to his house, neither shall his place know 

1 1 him any more. Therefore I will not refrain my mouth ; I will speak 
in the anguLsh of my spirit ; I will complain in the bitterness of my 

12 soul. Am I a sea, or a huge creature, that thou seftest a watch over 

13 me ? When I say. My bedstead shall comfort me, my couch shall 

14 help bearing my complaint : Then thou scarest me with dreams, 
1.5 and terrifiest me through visions : So that my soul chooseth 

16 strangling, and death by my own limbs.* Yet I refused ; I shall not 

17 live for ever : let me alone ; for my days are vanity. What is man, 
that thou shouldest magnify him ? and that thou shouldest set thy 

18 heart upon him ? iVnd fhit thou shouldest visit him every morning, 

19 a«</ try him every moment ? How long wilt thou not depart from me, 

20 nor let me alone till I swallow down my spittle ? I have sinned : yet 

paihs. 2 ways. ^ slreiigtli. ' from my bones. 



what shall I do unto thee, O thou preserver of men ? wherefore hast 
thou set me as a mark against thee, so that I am a burden to myself? 
21 And why dost thou not bear with my transgression, and let pass 
mine iniquity ? for now should I lie in the dust ; and thou wouldest 
seek me in the morning, but I should not be. 

1 2 Chap. viii. — Then answered Bildad the Shuhite and said, How 
long wilt thou utter these things ? and hoio long shall the words of 

3 thy mouth be like a strong wind ? Doth God pervert judgment ? or 

4 doth the Almighty pervert justice? If thy children have sinned 

5 against him, he cast them away for their transgression. If thou wilt 

6 seek unto God betimes, and make supplication to the Almighty ; If 
thou wert pure and upright ; surely now he would awake for thee, 

7 and restore the abode of thy righteousness. Though thy beginning 

8 was small, yet thy latter end should greatly increase. For inquire, 
I pray thee, of the former age, and prepare thyself to the search of 

9 their fathers : For we are but of yesterday, and know nothing, 

10 because our days upon earth are a shadow : Shall not they teach thee, 

1 1 and tell thee, and utter words out of their heart ? Can paper reed 
lift itself high' without mire ? can the reed-grass grow without water? 

12 Whilst it is yet in its greenness, and not cut down, it yet withereth 

13 before any other herb. So are the paths of all that forget God ; and 

14 the hypocrite's hope shall perish : Whose hope shall be cut off, 

15 and whose trust shall be a spider's web.^ He shall lean upon his house, 
but it shall not stand : he shall hold it fast, but it shall not endure. 

16 He is full of sap before the sun, and his sucker goeth forth over his 

17 garden. His roots are entwined over a stone heap, and seeth a 

18 place^ of stones. If he destroy^ him from his place, then it shall 

19 deny him, saijing, I have not seen thee. Behold, this is the joy of 

20 his way, and out of the earth shall others grow. Behold, God will not 
despise a pious man, neither will he hold evil doers by the hand : 

21 Till he fill thy mouth with laughing, and thy lips with shouting. 

22 They that hate thee shall be clothed with shame ; and the tent of 
wicked ones shall be no more. 

1 2 Chap. ix. — Then Job answered and said, I know it is so of a 

3 truth: but how should man be just with God? If he inclined to 

4 contend with him, he cannot answer him one of a thousand. He is 
wise in heart, and mighty in strength : who hath hardened himself 

5 against him, and been safe ? Who removeth mountains, and they 

6 know not that he hath overturned them in his anger. Who shaketh 

7 the earth out of its place, and the pillars thereof tremble. Who 
commandeth the sun, and it shineth not ; and sealeth up the stars. 

8 Who alone inclineth the heavens, and treadeth upon the heights of 

9 the sea. Who maketh Arcturus, Orion, and Pleiades, and the cham- 

^ liousc. 2 swallow. 

JOB IX., X. 

10 bers of the south. Who doeth great things past finding out; yea, 

11 and wonders without number. Lo, he goeth by me, and I see him 

12 not: he passeth on, but I perceive him not. Behold, he snatcheth 
away, who can fetch back from him ? who will say unto him, What 

13 doestthou? If God will not withdraw his anger, the helpers of 

14 pride do stoop under him. How much less shall I answer him, and 

15 choose out my words to reason with him ? Whom, though I were 
righteous, yet would I not answer, but I would make supplication to 

16 my judge. If I had called, and he had answered me ; yet would I not 

17 believe that he had hearkened unto my voice. For he bruiseth me 
1^ with a tempest, and multiplieth my wounds without cause. He will 

19 not suffer me to take my breath, but fiUeth me with bitterness. If 
1 speak of strength, lo, Ae i^ strong : and if of judgment, who shall 

20 set me di i\n\e to plead ? If I justify myself, mine own mouth shall 
condemn me: if I say, I am perfect, it shall also prove me perverse. 

21 I perfect ! I should not know my soul : I should despise my 

22 life. It is all one, therefore I said it, He destroyeth the perfect and 

23 the wicked. If a scourge slay suddenly, he will laugh at the trial of 

24 the innocent. The earth is given into the hand of tlie wicked : he 
covereth the faces of the judges thereof; if not thus, who w it ? . . . . 

25 Now my days are swifter than a runner : they flee away, they see no 

26 good. They are passed away like vessels of reed: as an eagle 

27 swoopeth on prey. If I say, I will forget my complaint, I will leave 

28 off" my heaviness,^ and cheer up : I am afraid of all my sorrows, I 

29 know that thou wilt not hold me innocent. Ifl am to be guilty 

30 wherefore then labour I in vain? If I wash myself with snow water, 

31 and make my hands ever so clean ; Yet shalt thou plunge me in the 

32 ditch, and mine own clothes shall abhor me. For he is not a man, 
as 1 am, that I should answer him, and we should come together in 

33 judgment. Neither is there any arbitrator betwixt us, that might lay 

34 his hand upon us both. Let him take his rod away from me, and 

35 let not his fear terrify me : Then would I speak, and not fear him ; 
but it is not so with me. 

1 Chap. x. — My soul is weary of my life; I will leave my complaint 

2 upon myself; I will speak in the bitterness of my soul. I will say 
unto God, Do not condemn me ; make known to me wherefore thou 

3 contendest with me. Is it good unto thee that thou shouldest op- 
press, that thou shouldest despise the work of thy hands, and shine 

4 upon the counsel of the wicked .'' Hast thou eyes of flesh ? or seest 

^ face. 

JOB X., XI. 

5 thou as man seeth ? Are tliy days as the days of man ? are thy years 

6 as man's days, That thou enquirest after mine iniquity, and searchest 

7 after my sin ? Although in thy mind I am not guilty ; yet there is 

8 none that can deliver out of thy hand. Thy hands have made me 
and fashioned me together round about ; yet thou dost destroy me. 

9 Remember, I beseech thee, that thou hast made me as the clay ; and 

10 hast brought me unto dust again. Hast thou not poured me out as 

11 milk, and curdled me like cheese ? Thou hast clothed me with skin 

12 and flesh, and hast fenced me with bones and sinews. Thou hast 
granted me life and favour, and thy care hath preserved my spirit. 

13 And these things hast thou hid in thy heart : I know that this is with 

14 thee. If I sin, then thou markest me, and thou wilt not acquit me 

15 from mine iniquity. If I be guilty, woe unto me ; and ifl be right- 
eous, yet can 1 not lift up my head, being full of confusion ; therefore 

16 see thou mine affliction ; And should it rear itself proudly, thou 
wouldst hunt me as a fierce lion : and again show thyself marvellous 

17 upon me. Thou renewest thy witnesses against me, and increasest 
thine indignation upon me; relief— guard, and host are against me. 

18 Wherefore then hast thou brought me forth out of the womb ? Oh 

19 that I had expired, and no eye had seen me ! I should have been as 
though 1 had not been ; I should have been carried from the womb 

20 to the grave. Are not my days few ? cease then, and let me alone, 

2 1 that I may cheer up a little, Before I go tvhence I shall not return, 

22 even to the land of darkness and the shadow of death; A land of 
gloom, as thick darkness itself; and of the shadow of death, without 
any order, and where, even when bright, it is as thick darkness. 

1 Chap. xi. — Then answered Zophar the Naamathite, and said, 

2 Should not the multitude of words be answered? and should a man 

3 full of talk^ be justified ? Should thy fictions make men hold their 
peace ? and when thou mockest, shall no man make thee ashamed ? 

4 For thou hast said, My doctrine is pure, and I am clean in thine 

5 eyes. But oh that God would speak, and open his lips against thee ; 
And that he would shew thee the secrets of wisdom : for it is of a 

double essence ; know therefore that God overlooketh some of thine 

7 iniquity. Canst thou by searching find cut God ? canst thou find 

8 out the Almighty's final purpose. • Like the heights of heaven; what 
canst thou do l deeper than the nether world ; what canst thou know ? 

9 The measure thereof is longer than the earth, and broader than the 

10 sea. If he pass by, and deliver over, or summon together, then who 

11 can hinder him? For he knoweth men of falsehood: he seeth ini- 

12 quity also, although he seemeth not to consider. Yet may the hollow 
man be endowed with heart, though man be born like a wild ass's 

13 colt ; If Thou prepare thy heart, and stretch out Thy hand towards 

14 him ; If iniquity be in thy hand, put it far away, and let not Avrong 

15 dwell in thy tents. For then shalt thou lift up thy face without spot ; 

16 yea, thou shalt be steadfast, and shalt not fear : Because thou shalt 

17 forget thy misery, ayid remember it as waters tliat pass away : And 

1 of lips. 


thine age shall be clearer than the noonday ; the very gloom shall be 

18 as the morning. And thou shalt be secure, because there is hope; 

19 yea, having explored, thou shalt take thy rest in safety. Also thou 
shalt lie down, and none shall make thee afraid ; yea, many shall 

20 make suit unto thee. But the eyes of wicked ones shall fail, and there 
shall be no escape for them, and their hope shall be as the expiring 
of life. 

1 2 Chap. xii. — And Job answered and said, No doubt but ye are 

3 the people, and wisdom shall die with you. But I have understanding 
as well a» you ; I am not inferior to you : yea, who hath not such 

4 as these ? I am as one mocked of his fellow, who calleth upon God, 
and he answereth him : the just upright man is laughed to scorn. 

5 Is a. torch despised in the thought of him that is at ease, yet ready 

6 for those whose feet are liable to slip. The tents of robbers prosper, 
and they that provoke God are secure ; into whose hand God 

7 bringeth abundantly. But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach 

8 thee ; and the fowls of the heaven, and they shall tell thee : Or speak 
to the earth, and it shall teach thee : and the fishes of the sea shall 

9 declare unto thee. Who knoweth not in all these that the hand of 

10 the Eternal hath wrought this? In whose hand is the soul of every 

1 1 living thing, and the spirit of all mankind. Doth not the ear try 

12 words ? and the palate taste its food? With the hoary is wisdom ; 

13 and in length of days understanding. With him is wisdom and 

14 strength, he hath counsel and understanding. Behold, he breaketh 
down, and it cannot be built again : he shutteth up a man, and there 

15 can be no opening. Behold, he withholdest the waters, and they dry 

16 up: also he sendeth them out, and they overturn the earth. With 
him is strength and reality, the misled and the misleader are his. 

17 He leadeth counsellors aw^ay spoiled, and maketh judges fools. 

18 He looseth the bond of kings, and girdeth their loins with a girdle. 

19 He leadeth priests away spoiled, and overthroweth' the mighty. 

20 He removeth away the lip of the trusty, and taketh away the under- 

21 standing of the aged. He poureth contempt upon nobles, and 

22 looseneth the belt of the mighty. He discovereth deep things out of 

23 darkness, and bringeth out to light the shadow of death. He in- 
creaseth the nations, and destroyeth them : he spreadeth the nations, 

24 and leadeth them away. He taketh away the heart of the chief of 
the people of a land, and causeth them to wander in a trackless waste. 

2.5 They grope in the dark without light, and he causeth them to wander 
like a drunkard. 

1 Chap. xiii. — Lo, mine eye hath seen all this, mine ear hath heard 

2 and understood it. What ye know, the same do I know also ; I am 

3 not inferior unto you. But I will speak to the Almighty, and I 

4 desire to argue with God. But ye are forgers of lies, ye are all 



5 physicians of no value. O that ye would altogether hold your peace ! 

6 and it should be your wisdom. Hear now my argument, and hearken 

7 to the pleadings of my Hps. Will ye speak wickedly for God ? and 

8 talk deceitfully for him ? Will ye show his person^ respect ? will 

9 ye contend for God ? Is it good that he should search you out ? or 

10 as one man mocketh another, do ye so mock him ? He will surely re- 

1 1 prove you, if ye do secretly show respect to persons. Shall not his rising 

12 make you afraid? and his dread fall upon you? Your records are 

13 parables of ashes, your bodies^ like bodies of clay. Hold your peace, let 

14 me alone, that I may speak, and let come on me what loill. Wherefore 
do I take my flesh in my teeth, and put my life in my hand? 

15 Though he slay me, yet will I wait for him : surely I will defend mine 

16 own ways before him. He himself would be my salvation: for a 

17 hypocrite shall not come before him. Hear diligently my speech, 

18 and my declaration with your ears. Behold now, I have ordered my 

19 cause; I know that I shall be justified. Who is he that will plead 

20 with me ? for were I now to hold my tongue, I should expire. Only 
do not two thi/t(/s unto me : then will I not hide myself from thee. 

21 Withdraw^ thy hand far from me, and let not thy dread make me 

22 afraid. Then call thou, and I will answer : or let me speak, and 

23 answer thou me. How many are mine iniquities and sins ? make 

24 me to know my transgression and my sin. Wherefore hidest thou 

25 thy face, and boldest me for thine enemy ? Wilt thou agitate a leaf 

26 driven too and fro ? and wilt thou pursue dry stubble ? For thou 
writest bitter things against me, and imputest to me the iniquities of 

27 my youth. Thou pultest my feet also in the stocks, and watchest 

28 all my paths : thou settest a print^ upon the heels^ of my feeet. And 
he, as a rotten thing, consumeth, as a garment that is moth eaten. 

1 Chap. xiv. — Man born of woman is of a few days, and full of 

2 trouble. He cometh forth like a flower, and is cut down : he fleeth 

3 also as a shadow, and continueth not. And dost thou open thine 

4 eyes upon such a one, and bringest nie into judgment with thee ? Who 

5 can bring a clean thin(/ out of an unclean ? not one. Seeing his days 
are determined, the number of his months are with thee, thou hast 

6 appointed his bounds that he cannot pass : Look away from him, 

7 that he may rest, till he shall accomplish, as a hireling, his day. For 
there is hope of a tree, if it be cut down, that it will renew, and that 

8 its sucker will not cease. Though the root thereof wax old in the 

9 earth, and the stock thereof die in the dust ; Yet through the scent 


lice. 2 backs. ^ ciigravtst thyself. '^ roots, 


10 of water it will bud, and bring forth boughs like a plant. But man 

11 dieth, and wasteth away: yea, man expireth, and where is he ? As 

12 waters will fail from a sea, and a river parch and dry up : So man 
lieth down, and riseth not : till the heavens be no more, they shall 

13 not awake, nor be roused out of their sleep, O that thou wouldest 
hide me in the grave, that thou wouldest keep me secret, until thy 
wrath be past, that thou wouldest appoint me a set time,' and re- 

14 member me ! If a man die, shall he live again ? all the days of my 

15 appointed time will I wait, till my change come. Thou shalt call, 
and I v/ill answer thee : thou wilt have a desire to the work of thy 

16 hands. Though now thou numberest my steps : thou wilt not keep 

17 watch over my sins. My transgression is sealed up in a bundle, yet 

18 thou sewest up mine iniquity. Yet as a mountain falling cometh to 

19 nought, and a rock is removed out of his place ; As waters wear 
stones, wash away the things growing by themselves out. of the dust 

20 of the earth; so thou destroyest the hope of man. Thou prevailest 
for ever against him, and he passeth : thou changest his countenance, 

21 and sendest him away. His sons come to honour, and he knoweth 
it not ; and they are brought low, but he perceiveth it not of them. 

22 But his flesh upon him shall have pain, and his soul within him shall 

1 Chap. xv. — Then answered Eliphaz the Temanite, and said, 

2 Should a wise man answer ivith vain knowledge, and fill his belly 

3 with the east wind ? Should he reason on a matter wherein he is not 

4 versed ? or with speeches wherewith he cannot profit ? Yea, thou 

5 makest void reverence, and restrainest devotion before God. For thy 
mouth uttereth thine iniquity, and thou choosest the tongue of the 

6 crafty. Thine own mouth condemneth thee, and not I : yea, thine 

7 own lips testify against thee. Art thou the first man that was born? 

8 or wast thou brought forth before the hills ? Hast thou listened to 

9 the council of God ? and dost thou restrain wisdom to thyself? What 
knowest thou, that we know not? what understandeth thou, which is 

10 not in us ? With us are both the greyheaded and very aged men, 

11 much elder than thy father. Are the consolations of God too small 

12 for thee ? is a word too gentle for thee ? How thy heart carrieth thee 

13 away ! and how thine eyes wink ! That thou turnest thy spirit against 

14 God, and lettest such words go out of thy mouth ! "What is man, 
that he should be clean ? and he that is born of woman, that he 

15 should be righteous? Behold, he putteth no trust in his saints ; yea, 

16 the heavens are not clean in his sight. How much more abominable 

17 and filthy is man, who drinketh iniquity like water? I will declare 

18 to thee, hear me; for this I have seen I will relate it; Which wise 

19 men have told since their fathers, and have not hid : Unto whom 
alone the earth was given, and no stranger passed among them. 

20 The wicked man travaileth with pain all his days, even the number 

21 of years hidden to the oppressor. A dreadful sound is in his ears : in 



22 prosperity the destroyer shall come upon him. He believeth not 
that he shall return out of darkness, and he is waited for of the sword. 

23 He wandereth abroad for bread, saying, Where is it ? he knoweth 

24 that the day of darkness is ready at his hand. Trouble and anguish 
shall make him afraid ; they shall prevail against him, as a king ready 

25 to the battle. For he streteheth out his hand against God, and 

26 strengtheneth himself against the Almighty, He runneth upon him, 
with outs( retched neck, with the thick bosses of his bucklers. 

27 Though he covered his face with his fatness, and made collops of fat 

28 on liis flanks. Yet shall he dwell in desolate cities, and in houses 

29 which no man inhabiteth, which are ready to become heaps. He shall 
not be rich, neither shall his substance continue, neither shall he pro- 

30 long the perfection thereof upon the earth. He shall not depart out 
of darkness ; a flame shall dry up his sucker, and by the breath of 

31 his mouth shall he go away. Let not him that is deceived trust in 

32 vanity : for vanity shall he get in exchange. It shall be accomplished 

33 before his time, and his branch shall not be green. He shall shake 
off his sour grape as the vine, and shall cast off his flower as the olive. 

34 For the congregation of hypocrites shall be desolate, and fire shall 

35 consume the tents of bribery. They conceive mischief, and bring 
forth vanity, and their belly prepareth deceit. 

1 2 Chap. xvi. — Then Job answered and said, I have heard many 

3 such things : miserable comforters are ye all. Shall vain words have 

4 an end ? or what irritateth thee that thou answerest ? I also could 
speak as ye do. Oh that your soul were in my soul's stead, I could 

5 heap up words against you, and shake my head at you. But I would 
strengthen you with my mouth, and the condolence of my lips should 

G assuage your grief. Though I speak, my grief is not assuaged : and 

7 though I forbear, what am I eased ? But now he hath made me 

8 weary : thou hast made desolate all my company. And thou hast 
filled me with wrinkles, and this became a witness against me : as 
though my falsehood rose up against me, bearing witness to my face. 

9 He teareth me in his wrath, and hateth me: he gnasheth upon me 

10 with his teeth ; mine enemy sharpeneth his eyes upon me. They 
have gaped upon me with their mouth ; they have smitten me upon 
the cheek reproachfully ; they have gathered themselves together 

11 against me. God hath delivered me to the ungodly, and turned me 

12 over into the hands of the wicked. I was at ease, but he hath broken 
me asunder : he hath also taken me by my neck, and shaken me to 

13 pieces, and set me up for his mark. His archers compass me round 
about, he cleaveth my reins asunder, and doth not spare ; he poureth 

14 out my gall upon the ground. He breaketh me with breach upon 

15 breach, he runneth upon me like a hero. I have sewed sackcloth 

16 upon my skin, and defiled my horn in the dust. My face is inflamed 

17 with weeping, and on my eyelids is the shadow of death : Not for 

18 any injustice in my hands : also my prayer is pure. O earth, cover 

19 not thou my blood, and let my cry have no place. Also now, behold. 


'20 my witness is in heaven, and my testifier is on high. My inter- 

21 preters, my friends. Mine eye poureth out tears unto God, That 
he should plead for a man before God, as a man pleadeth for his 

22 neighbour. For the few years will pass, then I shall go the way 

23 whence I shall not return. 

1 Chap. xvii. — My spirit is broken, my days are extinct, graves 

2 are ready for me. If not, mockers beset me^ and mine eye dwelleth 

3 on their provocation. Attend now to me, be surety for me with thy- 

4 self, who else would strike hands with me ? For thou hast hid their 

5 heart from understanding: therefore shalt thou not exalt ^Aewe. He 
that speaketh flattery to his friends, even the eyes of his children 

6 shall fail. He hath made me also a byword of the people, and I have 

7 become as one spit upon in the face. Mine eye also is dim by reason of 

8 vexation, and all my members are as a shadow. Upright men shall 
be astonished at this, and the innocent shall stir up himself against 

9 the hypocrite. The righteous also shall hold on his way, and he that 

10 hath clean hands shall be stronger and stronger. But as for you all, 
do ye return, and come now : for I cannot find one wise man among 

11 you. My days are past, my purposes are broken off, even the pos- 

12 session of my heart. They put night for day, approaching light 

13 on account of darkness. If I wait, the grave is my house; I have 

14 made my bed in the darkness. I have said to the pit. Thou art my 

15 father, to the worm, Thou art my mother, and my sister : And 

16 where is now my hope ? as for my hope, v.dio shall see it ? They 
shall go down to the bars of the grave, when our rest together is in 
the dust. 

1 2 Chap, xviii. — Then answered Bildad the Shuhite, and said. How 
long loill it be ere ye make an end of words ? mark, and afterwards 

3 we will speak. Why are we counted as beasts, and reputed vile in 

4 your sight ? Tearing thyself in thy wrath, shall the earth be forsaken 

5 for thee ? and shall the rock be removed out of its place ? Yea, the 
light of the wicked shall be put out, and the spark of his fire shall 

G not shine. The light shall be dark in his tent, and his candle shall 

7 be put out with him. The steps of his strength shall be straitened, 

8 and his own counsel shall cast him down. For he is cast into a net 

9 by his own feet, and he walketh upon a snare. The gin shall take 

10 lihn by the heel, and the noose shall hold him fast. The snare is 

1 1 hidden for him in the ground, and a trap for him in the way. Terrors 
shall make him afraid on every side, and shall scatter about those 

12 that follow him. His strength shall be hungerljitten, and de- 

13 struction shall he ready at his side. It shall devour the parts of his 

14 skin: even the firstborn of death shall devour his parts. His confi- 
dence shall be rooted out of his tent, and it shall bring him in terror 

1.5 to the king. It shall dwell in his tent, that it is not his : brimstone 



16 shall be scattered upon his habitation. His roots shall be dried up 

17 beneath, and above shall his branch be cut off. His remembrance 

18 shall perish from the earth, and he shall have no name abroad. He 
shall be driven from light into darkness, and chased out of the world. 

19 He shall neither have offspring nor grandchild among his people, nor 

20 any remaining in his dwellings. They that come after him shall be 

21 astonied at his day, as they that went before were affrighted. Surely 
such are the dwellings of the wicked, and this is the place of him that 
knoweth not God. 

1 2 Chap. xix. — Then Job answered and said, How long will ye 

3 vex my soul, and break me in pieces with words ? These ten times 
have ye reproached me : ye are not ashamed that ye astound me. 

4 And be it indeed that I have erred, mine error remaineth with myself. 

5 If indeed ye will magnify yow^selves against me, and plead against me 

6 my reproach : Know now that God hath overthrown me, and hath 

7 compassed me with his net. Behold, I cry out of wrong, but I am 

8 not answered : 1 cry for help, but there is no judgment. He hath 
fenced up my way that I cannot pass, and he hath set darkness in my 

9 paths. He hath stripped me of my glory, and taken the ciown from 

10 my head. He hath destroyed me on every side, and I am gone : and 

11 my hope hath he removed like a tree. He hath also kindled his 
wrath against me, and he counteth me unto him as one of his adver- 

12 saries. His troops come together, and raise up their way against me, 

13 and encamp round about my tent. He hath put my brethren far 

14 from me, and mine acquaintance are verily estranged from me. My 
kinsfolk have failed, and my familiar friends have forgotten me. 

15 They that sojourn in my house, and my maids, count me for a stranger: 

16 1 am an alien in their sight. I called my servant, and he gave me no 

17 answer; I entreated him with my mouth. My spirit is strange to my 

18 wife, and my caresses to the children of my own body. Yea, young 

19 children despised me ; I arose, and they spake against me. All men 
of my counsel abhorred me : and they whom I loved are turned against 

20 me. My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped 

21 with the skin of my teeth. Have pity upon me, have pity upon me, 

22 O ye my friends ; for the hand of God hath touched me. Why do ye 

23 persecute me as God, and are not satisfied with my flesh ? Oh that 
my words were now written I oh that they were inscribed in the book ! 

24 That they were graven with an iron pen and lead in the rock for 

25 ever ! For I know that my vindicator^ liveth, and were he the last, 

26 he shall rise over mij dust. Even after my skin shall have been stripped 
"27 off this body and flesh, I shall yet see God: Whom I shall see for 

myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another ; my reins long 

28 within me, That ye should say, What do we persecute him for, what 

29 root of evil matter is found in him ? Be ye afraid for yourselves of 
the sword : for wrath bringeth the punishments of the sword, that ye 
may know there is a judgment. 

' redeemer. 

J JOB XX., xxr. 

1 Chap. xx. — Then answered Zophar the Naamathite, and said, 

2 Forsooth, my thoughts bring me back, and on account of the urgency 

3 within me, I must hear a reproach putting me to shame ; but a 

4 spirit through my own reflection answereth me ; Knowest thou this ? 

5 From everlasting since God placed man on earth, That the triumph- 
ing of the wicked is short, and the joy of the hypocrite but for a mo- 

6 ment. Though his loftiness mount up to the heavens, and his head 

7 reach unto the clouds ; Yet he shall perish for ever like his own 

8 dung: they who have seen him shall say. Where zs he? He shall 
fly away as a dream, and shall not be found : yea, he shall be chased 

9 away as a vision of the night. The eye also which saw him shall see 

10 him no more ; neither shall his place any more behold him. His 
children shall seek to please the poor, and his hands shall restore 

11 their goods. His bones filled with vigour, shall yet lie with him 

12 in the dust. Though wickedness be sweet in his mouth, though he 

13 hide it under his tongue ; Though he spare it, and forsake it not ; 

14 but keep it still within his mouth; Yet his meat in his bowels is 

15 turned, it is the gall of asps within him. He bath swallowed down 
riches, and he shall vomit them up again : God shall cast them out of 

16 his belly. He shall suck the poison of asps : the viper's tongue shall 

17 slay him. He shall not see the rivulets, the rivers, the brooks of 

18 honey, and clotted cream. That which he laboured for shall he re- 
store, and shall not swallow it down : according to his substance shall 

19 the restitution be, and he shall not rejoice therein. Because he hath 
oppressed and hath forsaken the poor ; because he hath violently 

20 taken away a house which he builded not ; Surely he shall not feel 
quietness in his belly, he shall not save himself by his most costly 

21 possession. There shall none of his meat be left ; therefore shall no 

22 man look for his goods. In the fulness of his sufliciency he shall be 

23 in straits : every hand of the wicked shall come upon him. fVhen 
he is about to fill his belly, God shall cast the fury of his wrath upon 

24 him, and shall rain it upon him while he is eating. He shall flee from 
the iron weapon, and the bow of copper shall strike him through. 

25 It is drawn, and cometh out of the body ; yea, the glittering sword 
2G cometh out of his gall ; he goes, terrors are upon him. All darkness 

shall be hid for his treasures : a fire not blown shall consume him ; 

27 it shall go ill with him that is left in his tent. The heaven shall reveal 

28 his iniquity ; and the earth shall rise up against him. The increase 
of his house shall depart, and his goods shall flow aMay in the day 

29 of his wrath. This is the portion of a wicked man from God, and 
the heritage appointed unto him by God. 

1 2 Chap. xxi. — But Job answered and said. Hear diligently my 

3 speech, and let this be your consolations. Sulfer me that I may 

4 speak ; and after that I have spoken, mock on. As for me, is my 
complaint to man ? and if it were so, why should not my spirit be 

5 impatient ? Mark me, and be astonished, and lay your hand upon 

6 your mouth. Even when I remember I am afraid, and terror taketh 



7 hold on my flesh. Wherefore do the wicked live, become old, yea 

8 are mighty in power? Their seed is established in their sight with 

9 them, and their offspring before their eyes. Their houses are safe 

10 from fear, neither is the rod of God upon them. Their bull gen- 
dereth, and faileth not ; their cow calveth, and casteth not her calf. 

11 They send forth their little ones like a flock, and their children 

1 2 dance. They lilt up their voice with the timbrel and harp, and rejoice 

13 at the sound of the pipe. They spend their days in prosperity, and 

14 in a moment go down to the grave. Therefore they say unto God, 

15 Depart from us ; for we desire not the knowledge of thy ways. What 
is the Almighty, that we should serve him ? and what profit should we 

IG have, if we entreat him ? Lo, their prosperity is not in their hand : 

17 the counsel of the wicked is far trom me. How long — and the lamp 
of the wicked will be put out, and destruction will come upon them ! 

18 God distributeth sorrows in his anger. They are as stubble before 

19 the wind, and as chaff that the storm carrieth away. God layeth up 
his iniquity for his children : he repayeth him, and he shall know it. 

20 His eyes shall see his destruction, and he shall drink of the wrath of 
'2.1 the Almighty. For what pleasure hath he in his house alter him, 

22 when the number of his months is cut off! Shall anij teach God 

23 knowledge? seeing he judgeth those that are high. This one dieth 

24 in his full strength, being wholly at ease and quiet. His skin- 
bottles are full of milk, and his bones are moistened with marrow. 

25 And another dieth in the bitterness of his soul, and never eateth with 

26 pleasure. They shall lie down alike in the dust, and the worms shall 

27 cover them. Behold, I know your thoughts, and the devices which 

28 ye wrongfully imagine against me. For ye say. Where is the house of 

29 the noble ? and where is the tent of the dwelUng places of the wicked ? 
Have ye not asked them that go by the way ? for ye would not have mis- 

30 understood their signs, That the wicked is reserved to the day of 

31 destruction; they shall be brought forth to the day of wrath. Who 
shall declare his way to his face ? and who shall repay him what he 

.32 hath clone ? When he is brought to the grave, and quickly descends 

33 into the tomb ; The clods of the valley shall be sweet unto him, and 
every man shall draw after him, as there ere innumerable before him. 

34 How then comfort ye me in vain, seeing in your answers there re- 
maineth falsehood. 

1 Chap. xxii. — Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said, 

2 Can a man be profitable unto God, because he that is wise may be 

3 profitable unto himself? Is it any pleasure to the Almighty, that thou 
art righteous ? or is it gain to him, that thou makest thy ways per- 

4 feet ? Will he argue with thee for fear of thee ? will he enter with 

5 thee into judgment ? Is not thy wickedness great ? and thine ini- 

6 quities infinite ? For thou hast taken a pledge from thy brother for 


7 nought, and stripped the naked of their clothing. Thou hast not 
given water to the weary to drink, and thou hast withholden bread 

8 from the hungry. But as for the mighty man, he had the earth ; 

9 and the favoured man dwelt in it. Thou hast sent widows away 

10 empty, and the arms of the fatherless have been crushed. Therefore 

1 1 snares are round about thee, and sudden fear troubleth thee ; Or 
darkness, that thou canst not see ; and abundance of waters cover 

12 thee. Is not God in the height of heaven? and behold the height 

13 of the stars, how high they are! And thou sayest, How doth God 

14 know ? can he judge through the dark cloud ? Tliick clouds are a 
covering to him, that he seeth not ; and he walketh in the circuit of 

15 heaven. Dost thou keep to the old way which wicked men have 
1(3 trodden? Who were seized untimely, whose foundation was over- 

17 flown with a flood : Who said unto God, Depart from us : and what 

18 can the Almighty do for them ? Yet he filled their houses with good 

19 thivrjs', but the counsel of the wicked is far from me. The righteous 

20 see it, and are glad : and the innocent mock them. Is not our adver- 
sary cut down, and hath not the fire consumed their excellency ? 

21 Acquaint now thyself with him, and be at peace : thereby good shall 

22 come unto thee. Receive, I pray thee, law from his mouth, and lay 

23 up his words in thy heart. If thou return to the Almighty, thou 
shalt be built up, thou shalt put away iniquity far from thy tents. 

24 Then shalt thou lay up gold as dust, and the gold of Ophir as the 

25 stones of the brooks. Yea, the Almighty shall be thy defence, and 

26 thou shalt have plenty of silver. For then shalt thou have thy 

27 delight in the Almighty, and shalt lift up thy face unto God. Thou 
shalt entreat him, and he shall hear thee, and thou shalt pay thy 

28 vows Thou shalt also decree a thing, and it shall be established 

29 unto thee : and the light shall shine upon thy ways. AVhen men are 
cast down, then thou shalt say. There is lifting up ; and he shall save 

30 the humble person. He shall deliver even him that is not innocent: 
and he is delivered by the pureness of thy hands. 

1 2 Chap, xxiii. — Then Job answered and said. To-day also my 

3 complaint is rebellion : my stroke is heavier than my groaning. Oh 
that I knew where I might find him ! I would come even to his seat ! 

4 I would order viy cause before him, and fill my mouth with argu- 

5 ments. I would know the words which he would answer me, and 

6 understand what he would say unto me. W^ill he plead against me 

7 with his great power ? No ; truly he would put it in me. There 
the righteous might argue with him ; so should I be delivered for 

8 ever from my judge. Behold, I go forward, but he is not there; and 

9 backward, but I cannot perceive him : What he worketh to the 
left, I cannot behold ; what he veileth to the right, I cannot see. 

10 But he knoweth the way that I take : wlien he hath tried me, I shall 

11 come forth as gold. My foot hath held his steps, his way have I 


12 kept, and not declined. Neither have I gone back from the com" 
mandment of his lips ; I have carefully observed the words of his 

13 mouth above what was law to me. But he is in one mind, and who 

14 can turn him ? and what his soul desireth, even that he doeth. For he 
performeth the thing that is appointed for me : and many such things 

15 are with him. Therefore am I troubled at his presence ; when I 

16 consider, I am afraid of him. For God maketh my heart soft, and 

17 the Almighty troubleth me : Because I was not cut off before the 
darkness, neither hath he covered the darkness from my face. 

1 Chap. xxiv. — Why are events not hidden from the Almighty, even 

2 as they that know him never behold his days ? They might then 

3 remove^ landmarks, violently take away flocks, and feed thereof; They 
might drive away the ass of the fatherless, take the widow's ox for a 

4 pledge ; They might then turn the needy out of the way : so that 

5 the meek of the earth must hide themselves together. Behold, as 
wild asses in the desert might they go forth to their work ; rising 
betimes for a prey : the wilderness yieldeth food for them and for 

6 the young ; Might reap in a field not theirs : and, like the 

7 wicked, glean in the vineyard : Whilst the stripped would have to 
pass the night without clothing, and m the cold without covering ; 

8 Be wet with the showers of the mountains, and embrace the rock for 

9 want of a shelter. They might pluck the fatherless from the breast, 

10 and take as a pledge what is on the poor ; Whilst those stripped 
would have to wander about without clothing, and those famishing 

11 to carry sheaves; Might make oil within their walls, and tread their 

12 wine-presses, when thirsty ; Whilst from out of the city men would 
groan, and the soul of the wounded would cry out : for God would 

13 not lay lolly to them. Noic they are of those that rebel against the 

14 light, recognise not his way, nor abide in his paths. The murderer 
rising with the light killeth the poor and needy, and in the night is 

15 as a thief. The eye also of the adulterer waiteth for the twilight, 
saying. No eye shall see me : and maketh it a disguise to his face. 

16 In the dark they dig through houses : the whole day they shut them- 

17 selves up : they know not the light. For the morning is to them 
even as the shadow of death : yea, they recognise the terrors of the 

18 shadow of death. He is swift, yet it is as though he were on the face 
of the waters; their portion is cursed in the earth: he turneth not 

19 the way of the vineyards. In drought and heat they rob; yet it is 

20 like snow waters : they sin for the grave. The womb shall forget 
him ; the worm shall be sweet unto him ; he shall be no more re- 

21 membered ; and iniquity shall be broken as a tree. He evil 
entreateth the barren that beareth not : and doeth not good to the 

22 widow. He draweth also the mighty with his power : he riseth up, 

23 and no is sure of life. Though he is allowed to feel secured, and 

24 resteth thereon, yet his eyes are upon their ways. Rise but a little, 
and he is not ; they melt away : they are gathered in like food, and 

25 cut off as the tops of the ears of corn. And if it be not so now, who 
will give me the lie, and make my speech nothing worth ^ 

' reach. 


1 2 Chap. xxv. — Then answered Bildad the Shuhite, and said, Do 
minion and awe are with him, he maketh peace in his high places. 

3 Is there any number of his armies ? and upon whom doth not his 

4 light arise ? How then can man be justified with God ? or how can 

5 he be clean that is born of a woman ? Behold, whilst the moon lasts, 
she spreadeth not her tent : whilst the stars last, they are not 

6 pure in his sight. How much less man, that is a worm ? and the son 
of man, which is a maggot ? 

I 2 Chap. xxvi. — But Job answered and said. How thou hast helped 
hi7}i that is without power ! hoiv saved the arm that hath no 

3 strength ? How hast thou counselled him that hath no wisdom ! and 

4 how thou hast plentifully declared the thing as it is ! To whom 

5 hast thou uttered words : and whose breath came from thee ? Spec- 
tres from beneath writhe, the waters, and the inhabitants thereof. 

6 The grave is naked before him, and destruction hath no covering. 

7 He stretcheth out the north over the void, and hangeth the earth 

8 upon nothing. He bindeth up the waters in his thick clouds ; and 

9 the cloud is not rent under them. Veiling the face of his throne, 

10 he spreadeth his cloud upon it. He hath compassed the waters with 

1 1 bounds, to the confines of light and darkness. The pillars of heaven 

12 tremble and are astonished at his reproof. He stilleth the sea with 
his power, and by his understanding he smiteth through insolence. 

13 By his spirit he hath garnished the heavens ; his hand hath pierced 

14 the fleeing serpent, Lo, these are extremities of his ways : but how 
little a portion is heard of him ? but the thunder of his power who 
can understand ? 

] 2 Chap, xxvii. — Moreover Job continued his parable, and said, As 
God liveth, tcho hath taken away my judgment ; and the Almighty, 

3 ivho hath vexed my soul ; All the while my breath is in me, and the 

4 spirit of God i's in my nostrils ; If my lips speak wickedness, and 

5 my tongue utter deceit, .... Woe be unto me, if I justify you 

6 even whilst expiring ; I will not part with mine integrity. My 
righteousness I hold fast, and will not let it go : my heart shall not 

7 reproach me so long as I live. Let mine enemy be as the wicked, 

8 and he that riseth up against me as the unrighteous. For what is 
the hope of the hypocrite, though he hath gained, when God re- 

9 quireth his soul ? Will God hear his cry when trouble cometh upon 

10 him ? Will he delight himself in the Almighty ? will he always call 

II upon God? I will teach you by the hand of God: that which is 

12 with the Almighty will I not conceal. Behold, all ye yourselves have 

13 seen it ; why then are ye thus altogether vain ? This is the portion 
of a wicked man with God, and the heritage of oppressors, which 

14 they shall receive of the Almighty. If his children be multiplied, it 

JOB xxvir., XXVIII. 

is for the sword : and his offspring shall not be satisfied with bread. 

15 Those that remain of him shall be buried in death : and his widows 

16 shall not weep. Though he heap up silver as the dust, and prepare 

17 raiment as the clay; He may prepare it, but the just shall put it 

18 on, and the innocent shall divide the silver. He buildeth his house 

19 as the moth, and as a booth that the keeper maketh. Rich, he shall 
lie down, but he shall not be gathered : he openeth his eyes, and he 

20 is not. Terrors take hold on him as waters, a tempest stealeth him 

21 away in the night. An east wind carrieth him away, and he 

22 departeth : and as a storm hurleth him out of his place ; It shall 
cast upon him, and not spare : he would fain flee out of its power. 

23 It shall clap its hands at him, and shall hiss him out of his place. 

1 Chap, xxviit. — Surely there is a vein^ for the silver and a place for 

2 gold which they fine. Iron is taken out of the earth, and stone is 

3 molten into copper. He setteth an end to darkness, and searcheth 
unto the utmost limits for the stones from darkness, and the shadow 

4 of death ; Where the flood breaketh out by the side of the sojourner 
therein, who forgotten of the foot, languisheth, removed from man ; 

5 Where land is, out of which cometh bread, whilst that underneath it 

6 is turned up as by fire. The stones of it are the place of sapphires : 

7 and it hath dust of gold for him. There is a path which no bird of 

8 prey knoweth, and which the vulture's eye hath not seen : The tribes 
of ferocious beasts have not trodden it, nor the fierce lion passed by 

9 it. He putteth forth his hand upon the flint; he overturneth moun- 

10 tains by the roots. He cutteth out rivers among the rocks ; and his 

1 1 eye seeth every precious thing. He bindeth floods from overflowing ;^ 

12 and the thing that is hid bringeth he forth to light. But where 
shall wisdom be found ? and where is the place of understanding ? 

13 Man knoweth not the price thereof; neither is it found in the land of 

14 the living. The depth sayeth. It is not in me : and the sea 

15 sayeth. It is not with me. It cannot be gotten for gold > neither 

16 shall silver be Vv'eighedybr the price thereof. It cannot be valued 

17 with the gold of Ophir, with precious onyx, or sapphire. Gold and 
glass cannot equal it: nor a vessel of fine gold as an exchange 

18 thereof. No mention shall be made of coral, or crystal : for the pro- 

19 curing of wisdom is above pearls. The topaz of Cush shall not 

20 equal it, neither shall it be valued with pure gold. Whence then 

21 cometh wisdom ? and where is the place of understanding ? Seeing 
it is hid from the eyes of all living, and kept close from the fowl of 

22 the heavens. Perdition and death say, We have heard the fame 

23 thereof with our ears. God understandeth the way thereof, and he 

24 knoweth the place thereof. For he looketh to the extremities of the 

' going forth. ^ weeping. 


25 earth, and seeth under the whole heaven ; To make a weight for the 

26 winds ; and he weigheth waters by measure. When he made a decree 

27 for the rain, and a way for the lightning of the thunder : Then did 
he see it, and declare it ; he prepared it, yea, and searched it out. 

28 And unto man he said. Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom ; 
and to depart from evil is understanding. 

I 2 Chap. xxix. — Moreover Job continued his parable, and said, Oh 
that I were as in months past, as in the days when God guarded me ; 

3 When his lamp shone upon my head, and when by his light I walked 

4 through darkness ; As I was in the days of my plenteousness, when / 

5 was in the counsel of God, who was over my tent ; When the 

6 Almighty was yet with me, when my lads were about me ; When I 
washed my steps with butter, and the rock poured me out rivers of 

7 oil ; When I went out to the gate along the city, when I prepared 

8 my seat in the street ! Young men saw me, and hid themselves : and 

9 the aged arose, and stood up. Princes refrained talking, and laid 

10 their hand on their mouth. The voice of the nobles was suppi*essed, 

11 and their tongue cleaved to the roof of their mouth. When the ear 
heard me, then it blessed me ; and when the eye saw me, it gave wit- 

12 ness to me : Because I delivered the poor that cried for help, and the 

13 fatherless, and him that had none to help him. The blessing of the 
wanderer came upon me : and I caused the widow's heart to shout. 

14 I put on righteousness, and it clothed me : my judgment was as a 

15 robe and hood. I was eyes to the blind, and feet ivas I to the lame. 

16 I was a father to the needy: and the cause which I knew not I 

17 searched out. And I brake the grinders of the iniquitous, and 

18 plucked the spoil out of his teeth. Then I said, I shall expire 

19 in my nest, and I shall multiply my days as the sand. My root is 
laid bare for the waters, and the dew lay all night upon my crop. 

20 My glory was fresh in me, and my bow was renewed in my hand. 

21 Unto me mew gave ear, and waited, and kept silent at my counsel. 

22 After my words they spake not again : and my speech dropped upon 

23 them. And they waited for me as for the rain ; and they opened their 

24 mouth wide as for the latter rain. If T laughed on them, they 
believed it not ; and the light of my countenance they cast not down. 

25 I chose out their way, and sat chief, and dwelt as a king in the army, 
as one that comforteth the mourners. 

1 Chap. xxx. — But now they that are younger than I have me in 
derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to have set with the 

2 dogs of my flock. Yea, whereto might the strength of their hands 

3 profit me, whom successful accomplisiiment faih^th ? They are solitary, 
in want and famine ; fleeing into the wilderness, into the gloom of 

4 desolation and waste ; Plucking purslaiu on the bushes, and juniper 


5 rootsybr their meat. They were driven forth from among men, they 

6 cried after them as after the thief; To dwell in the horrid glens, 

7 in caves of the earth, and in the rocks. Among bushes they brayed ; 

8 under nettles they were gathered together. They were base children, 

9 yea, nameless children ; they were beaten out of the land. And now 

10 am I their song, yea, I am their byword. They abhor me, they flee 

1 1 far from me, and spare not to spit in my face. Because he hath 
loosed my cord, and afflicted me, they have also let loose the bridle 

12 before me. Upon my right hand rise the youth ; they push away my 
feet, and they raise up against me the ways of their destruction. 

13 They mar my path, they set forward ray calamity, they have no 

14 helper. They came upon me through a wide breach : amidst desola- 

15 tion they rolled themselves upon me. Terrors are turned upon me : 
they chase my authority like the wind : and my welfare passeth away 

16 as a cloud. And now my soul is poured out upon me ; the days of 

17 affliction have taken hold upon me. My bones are pierced in me in 

18 the night season : and my veins take no rest.^ By great force he 
disguiseth himself in my garment : he bindeth me about as the collar 

19 of my coat. He hath cast me into the mire, and I am become like 

20 dust and ashes. I cry for help unto thee, and thou dost not hear me : 

21 I stand up, and thou considerest about me. Thou art become cruel 

22 to me : with thy strong hand thou opposest thyself against me. Thou 
liftest me up to the wind; thou causest me to ride upon it, and thy coun- 

23 sel dissolveth me. Yea, I know that thou wilt bring me back to death, 

24 and to the house appointed for all living. Surely prayer availeth not 
when he stretcheth out his hand, though they cry when he destroyeth. 

25 If I wept not for him whose fate^ was hard, grieved in my soul for the 

26 needy .... When I looked for good, then evil came unto me : and 

27 when I waited for light, there came thick darkness. My bowels 
boiled, and rested not : the days of affliction have come quickly upon 

28 me. I went about gloomy without sunshine : I stood up, and I 

29 cried in the congregation for help. I am a brother to jackals, and a 
.SO companion to ostriches. My skin is black upon me, and my bones 
31 are burned with heat. My harp also is turned to mourning, and my 

pipe into the voice of them that weep. 

1 Chap. xxxi. — I made a covenant with mine eyes ; why then should 

2 I think upon a maid ? And what would become of the portion of God 

3 from above, and the inheritance of the Almighty from on high ? Is 
not destruction to the wicked ? and a strange punishment to the 

4 workers of iniquity ? Doth not he see my ways, and count all my steps ? 

5 If I have walked with vanity, or if my foot hath hasted to deceit; 

6 Let me be weighed in an even balance, that God may know mine 

7 integrity. If my step hath turned out of the way, and my heart 
walked after mine eyes, and if any blot hath cleaved to my hands ; 

8 Then let me sow, and let another eat ; yea, let my offspring be rooted 

* do not lie down. " {jgy. 


9 out. If my heart have been enticed about a woman, or if I have laid 

10 wait at my neighbour's door; Then let my wife grind unto another, 

1 1 and let others bow down upon her. For this is a heinous crime ; yea, 

12 '\iis an iniquity to be punished by the judges. For it is a fire that 

13 consumeth to perdition, and would root out all mine increase. If I 
did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when 

14 they contended with me; What then shall I do when God riseth 

15 up ? and when he visiteth, what shall I answer him? Did not he 
that made me in the womb make him ? and did not one fashion us in 

16 the womb ? If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have 

17 caused the eyes of the widow to fail ; Or have eaten my morsel my- 

18 self alone, and the fatherless hath not eaten thereof; Whereas from 
my youth he grew up with me, as with a father, and I have guided her 

19 from my mother's womb ; If I have seen a wanderer without clothing, 

20 or any needy without covering ; If his loins have not blessed me, and 

21 ifhf- were ;jo/ warmed with fleece of my sheep ; If I have shaken 

22 my hand at the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate : Then 
let mine arm fall from my shoulder blade, and mine arm be broken 

23 from the elbow. For destruction yro??z God was a terror to me, and 

24 by reason of his excellency I could not endure. If I have made gold 

25 my hope, or have said to the fine gold. Thou art my confidence : If 
I rejoiced because my wealth ivas great, and because my hand had 

26 gotten much ; If I beheld the sun when it shined, or the moon walking 

27 in brightness ; And my heart hath been secretly enticed, or my 

28 mouth hath kissed my hand : This also ^cere an iniquity to be pu- 
nished by the judge : for I should have denied the God that is above. 

29 If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, or exerted my- 

30 self, when evil found him : But rather suffered not my palate to sin 

31 by wishing a curse to his soul; If the men of my tent said not, 
which of us will give of his own meat ? we would rather not be satis- 

32 fied; That a stranger should not lodge in the street over night, I 

33 will open my door to the traveller ; If I covered my transgressions, as 

34 Adam, by hiding mine iniquity in my bosom : Then let me fear a 
great multitude, let me also be struck dumb, let me be unable to go 

35 out of the door. Oh that one would hear me ! behold, my plea is, 
let the Almighty answer me, and my adversary write an indictment.* 

3G If I would not take it upon my shoulder, and bind it as a crown to 

37 me ; Declare unto him the number of my steps ; like a prince, go 

38 near unto him .... If my land cry against me, or that the furrows 

39 likewise thereof complain ; If I have eaten the fruits thereof without 

40 money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life ; Let 
thorns grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley. The 
words of Job are ended. 

1 Chap, xxxii. — So these three men ceased to answer Job, because 

2 he was righteous in his own eyes. Then was kindled the wrath of 
Elihu, the sou of Barachel the Buzite, of the family of Ram : against 

' book. 


Job was his wrath kindled, because he justified himself rather than 

3 God. Also against his three friends was his wrath kindled, because 

4 they had found no answer, and yet had condemned Job. Now Elihu 
had waited till Job had spoken, because they were elder than he. 

5 When Elihu saw that thei-e was no answer in the mouth of these 

6 three men, then his wrath was kindled. And Elihu, the son of 
Barachel the Buzite, answered and said, I am young, and ye are very 
old ; wherefore I was afraid, and durst not shew you mine opinion. 

7 I said. Days should speak, and multitude of years should teach 

8 wisdom. But there is a spirit in man : and the breath of the 

9 Almighty giveth them understanding. Great men are not always 

10 wise: neither do the aged understand judgment. Therefore I said, 

11 Hearken to me ; I also will declare mine opinion. Behold, I waited for 
your words ; I gave ear to your reasons, whilst ye searched out what 

12 to say. Yea, I attended unto you, and, behold, there was none of you 

13 that refuted Job, or that answered his words : Lest ye should say. 
We have found out wisdom : God will thrust him down, not man. 

14 Now he hath not directed his words against me : neither will 1 answer 

15 him with your speeches. They were amazed, they answered no more: 

16 they have put away words from themselves. Yet I waited, but they 

17 spake not; but they are at a stand, answer not again. Then I will 

18 answer also my part, I will also declare mine opinion ; For I am full 

19 of matter, the spirit within me constraineth me. Behold, my belly is 
as wine which is not opened ; it is ready to burst like new skin- 

20 bottles. I will speak, that I may give vent unto myself, I will open 

21 my lips and answer. Let me not, I pray you, accept any man's 

22 person, neither let me give flattering titles unto man. For I know 
not to give flattering titles ; yet a little while, and my maker will 
carry me away. 

1 Chap, xxxiii. — Wherefore, Job, I pray thee, hear my speeches, and 

2 hearken to all my words. Behold, now I have opened my mouth, 

3 my tongue hath spoken in the roof of my mouth. My words shall 
be of the uprightness of my heart : and my lips shall utter knowledge 

4 clearly. The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the 

5 Almighty hath given me life. If thou canst answer me, set thy words 

6 in order before me, take thy stand. Behold, I am God's, according 

7 to thy word : I also am nipped off" from clay. Behold, my terror 
shall not make thee afraid, neither shall my load be heavy upon 

8 thee. Surely thou hast spoken in my hearing, and I have heard the 


9 voice of thy words, saying, I am pure without transgression, I am 

10 clean ; neither is there iniquity in me. Behold, he seeketh estrange- 

11 ment from me, he counteth me for his enemy. He putteth my feet 

12 in the stocks, he marketh all my paths. Behold, in this thou art not 

13 just : I will answer thee, that God is greater than man. Why dost 
thou strive against him ? Is it because he maketh no answer to any 

14 of his words? Yet God speaketh once, yea twice; nevertheless, man 

15 regardeth it not. In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep 

16 sleep falleth upon men, in slumberings upon the bed ; Then he 

17 openeth the ears of men, and sealeth their instruction, That he may 

18 withdraw xndLufrom his work, and hide pride from man. He keepeth 
back his soul from the pit, and his life from passing away by the 

19 deadly missile. He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, and 

20 the multitude of his bones with continual pain : So that his life 

21 abhorreth bread, and his soul dainty meat. His flesh is consumed 
away, that it cannot be seen ; and his bones that were not seen stick 

22 out. Yea, his soul draweth near unto the pit, and his life to the 

23 destroyers. If there be an angel about him, an interpreter, one 

24 among a thousand, to shew unto man his uprightness : Then he is 
gracious unto him, and sayeth, Deliver him from going down to the 

25 pit : I have found a ransom. His flesh shall be fresher than child- 

26 hood's : he shall return to the days of his youth : He shall pray 
unto God, and he will be favourable unto him ; and he shall see his 
face with shouting : for he will render unto man his righteousness. 

27 He is adverse to men, and if any say, I have sinned, and perverted 

28 thai which was right, and it profited me not j He will deliver his 

29 soul from going into the pit, and his life shall see the light. Lo, all 

30 these things worketh God twice, thrice, with man. To bring back his 
soul from the pit, to be enlightened with the light of the living. 

31 Mark well, O Job, hearken unto me: hold thy peace, and I will 

32 speak. If thou hast anything to say, answer me : speak, for I desire 

33 to justify the^. If not, hearken thou unto me : hold thy peace, and 
1 shall teach thee wisdom. 

1 2 Chap, xxxiv. — Furthermore Elihu answered and said. Hear my 

words, O ye wise me?i ; and give ear unto me, ye that have know- 

3 4 ledge. For the ear trieth words, as the palate tasteth food. Let 

us choose to us judgment : let us know among ourselves what is 

5 good. For Job hath said, I am righteous : and God hath taken 

6 away my right ; Otiierivise I should speak falsely concerning my 
right ; my wound^ is incurable, although I am without transgression. 

7 8 What man is like Job, who drinketh up scorning like water ? And 
goeth in company with the workers of iniquity, and walketh with 

1 arrow. 


9 wicked men. For he hath said, It profiteth a man nothing that he 

10 should delight himself with God. Therefore hearken unto me, ye 
men of understanding : far be it from God, that he should do wicked- 

11 ness ; andyrom the Almighty, that he should commit iniquity. For the 
work of a man shall he render unto him, and cause every man to find 

12 according to his ways. Still less, forsooth, will God unjustly con- 

13 demn, or the Almighty pervert judgment. Who hath given him a 

14 charge over the earth ? or who hath disposed the whole world ? If 
he turn his mind to himself, if he gather unto himself his spirit and 

15 his breath; All flesh shaU perish together, and man shall return 
IQ unto dust. If now thou hast understanding, hear this : hearken to 

17 the voice of my words. Doth a hater of right govern ? and wilt thou 

18 condemn him that is most just ? Is it fit to say to a king, Thou art 

19 wicked ? and to nobles. Ye are ungodly ? How much less to him that 
accepteth not the persons of princes, nor regardeth the rich more 

20 than the poor ? for they all are the work of his hands. In a moment 
they die, and the people is troubled at midnight, for they pass away, 

21 and the mighty are taken away without hand. For his eyes are upon 

22 the ways of man, and he seeth all his goings. There is no darkness, 
nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity may hide them- 

23 selves. For he will not lay upon man more than right ; that he 

24 should enter into judgment with God. He inscrutably breaketh in 

25 pieces mighty men, and setteth others in their stead. Truly he 
knoweth their deeds, and he overturneth them in the night, so that 

26 they are crushed. He striketh them as' wicked men in the open 

27 sight of others ; Because they turned back from him, and would not 

28 consider any of his ways : To bring upon himself the cry of the 

29 indigent ; for he heareth the cry of the afilicted. When he giveth 
quietness, who then can make trouble ? and who will look at him, 
touching either a nation or an individual, when he hideth his face, 

30 From a hypocrite that reigneth, from the ensnarers of a people ? 

31 Surely it is meet to be said unto God, I have borne chastisement, 

32 although I offended not : That which I see not, teach thou me : if I 

33 have done iniquity, I will do no more. Has this proceeded from 
thee ? He will repay it, for thou hast been scornful ; yet thou shalt 

34 choose, and not I : and what thou knowest speak. Men of under- 

35 standing will tell me, and a wise man will hearken unto me. Job 
hath spoken without knowledge, and his words were without wisdom. 

36 My father, may Job be tried unto the end, because of his answers 

37 among wicked men. For he addeth rebellion unto his sin, throweth 
out doubts among us, and multiplieth his words against God. 

1 2 Chap. xxxv. — Elihu spake moreover, and said, Thinkest thou 

this to be right, sayest thou. My righteousness is above God's? 

3 Because thou askest,^ What advantage will it be unto thee ? Wherein 

instead. ~ sayest. 


4 do I profit more than had I sinned ? T will answer thee, and thy 

5 companions with thee. Look unto the heavens, and see ; and behold 

6 the sky tvhich is higher than thou. If thou sinnest, what doest thou 
against me ? or if thy transgressions be multiplied, what doest thou 

7 unto him ? If thou be righteous, what givest thou him? or what 

8 receiveth he of thy hand ? Thy wickedness 7nay hurt a man as thou 

9 art ; and thy righteousness may profit the son of man. The oppressed 
are made to cry out by reason of the multitudes, they cry for help ; 

10 they cry out by reason of the arm of the mighty. But none 

1 1 saith. Where is God my maker, who giveth songs in the night; Who 
teacheth us through the beasts of the earth, and maketh us wise 

12 through the fowls of heaven ? There they cry, but he answereth not, 

13 because of the pride of evil men; Yet in vain, God doth not hear, 

14 the Almighty doth not regard it. Although thou say est thou shalt 
not see it, yet judgment is before him ; and thou must expect it. 

15 KvA if there were nothing now, yet his anger would visit, although 

16 he should not severely chastise for the transgression. Therefore 
doth Job open his mouth in vain ; he multiplieth words without 

1 2 Chap, xxxvi. — Elihu also proceeded, and said, Suffer me a little, 

3 and I will shew thee that / have yet to speak on God's behalf. I 
will raise my thought to him in the distance, I will procure right for 

4 my Maker. For truly my word shall not be false : one upright in 

5 his opinions is with thee. Behold, God is mighty, and despiseth not 

6 any : he is mighty in strength and wisdom. He preserveth not the 

7 life of the wicked : but giveth their right to the poor. He with- 
draweth not his eyes from the righteous : but with kings are they on 
the throne ; yea, he doth establish them for ever, and they are exalted. 

8 And if they be bound in fetters, and be holden in cords of affliction ; 

9 Then he sheweth them their work, and their transgressions that they 

10 have been excessive. He openeth also their ear to correction, and 

11 commandeth that they return from iniquity. If they obey and serve 
him, they shall spend their days in prosperity, and their years in 

12 pleasures, l^ut if they obey not, they shall pass away through 
deadly missiles, and they shall perish through lack of knowledge. 

13 But the impious in heart heap up wrath : they cry not for help when 

14 he bindeth them. They die in youth, and their life is among those 

15 that prostitute themselves. He delivereth the poor through his afflic- 

16 tion, and openeth their ears through oppression. And even if he had 
enticed thee through the mouth of an adversary, roominess without 
strait would have been instead thereof, and the laying of thy table 

17 full of fatness. Yet thou art full of the cause of the wicked : cause 

18 and verdict support each other. Because there is Avrath, he enticeth 
thee with abundance : let the largeness of the ransom not pervert 

19 thee. Will he esteem thy riches ? no, not gold, nor all the forces of 

20 strength. Pant not for the night to rouse peoples yrom their place. 

21 Take heed, regard not iniquity: for on account of this wast thou proved 

22 by misery. Behold, God exalteth by his power : who teacheth like him? 

23 Who hath enjoined him his way ? or who can say. Thou hast wrought 

24 iniquity ? Remember that thou magnify his work, which men be- 


25 26 hold. All men may see it ; man may behold it afar off. Behold, 
God is great, and we know him not, neither can the number of his 

27 years be searched out. For he maketh small the drops of water : 

28 they are strained into rain for his mist : Which the clouds do drop 

29 and drizzle upon man abundantly. Also can any understand the 

30 spreading of the clouds, or the noise of his tabernacle ? Behold, he 
spreadeth his light upon it, and covereth the bottom^ of the sea. 

31 For by them judges he the people, whilst giving food in abundance. 
.32 He covereth light as though in the hollow of his hands ; yet com- 
33 mandeth it to strike down. The noise thereof sheweth concerning it, 

what it seizeth, the wrath concerning iniquity. 

1 Chap, xxxvii. — At this also my heart trembleth, and boundeth out 

2 of its place. Hark, hark ! his voice is a tumult, the sound goeth 

3 out of his mouth. He letteth it flash under the whole heaven, and 

4 his lightning unto the ends of the earth. After it a voice roareth : 
he thundereth with the voice of his excellency ; and he will not stay 

5 them when his voice is heard. God thundereth marvellously with his 

6 voice ; great things doeth he, which we cannot comprehend. For he 
saith to the snow. Be thou on the earth ; likewise to the shower of 

7 rain, and to the showers of rain of his strength. On the hand of every 
person he impresseth his seal, to know the man of his own work. 

8 9 Then the beasts go into dens, and remain in their places. Out of 
the chambers cometh the whirlwind : and cold out of the cloud scat- 

10 terers. By the breath of God ice is given : and the breadth of the 

11 waters is straitened. Even when he charges the thick cloud with 

12 moisture, his light scattereth the cloud. And it is turned round 
about by his counsels : that they may do whatsoever he com- 

13 mandeth them upon the face of the world in the earth. He 
maketh it adequate, whether for correction, or for his land, or 

14 for mercy. Hearken unto this, O Job : stand still, and con- 

15 sider the wondrous works of God. Dost thou know when God 

16 disposed them, and caused the light of his cloud to shine ? Dost 
thou know the balancings of the thick clouds, the wondrous works of 

17 him who is perfect in knowledge? How thy garments are warm, 

18 when he quieteth the earth by the south wind? Hast thou with him 
spread out the sky, which is strong, and as a molten looking glass ? 

19 Make known to us what we shall say unto him; /or we cannot com- 

20 pare anything to him by reason of darkness. Shall it be told him 

21 that I stated, if a man sayeth so, surely he shall be destroyed ? And 
now men see not the luminary in the skies; but the wind passeth, and 

22 cleareth them. Gold-like it cometh from the north : upon God is 

23 terrible majesty. The Almighty — we cannot find him out : he is 
excellent in power, and in judgment, and in plenty of justice : he will 

24 not afflict. Men do therefore fear him : he respecteth not any that 
are wise of heart. 

1 roots. 

JOB xxxviir. 

1 Chap, xxxviii, — Then the Eternal answered Job out of the storm, 

2 and said, Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without 

3 knowledge ? Gird up thy loins like a man ; for I will ask thee, and 

4 anwser thou me. Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of 

5 the earth ? declare if thou hast understanding. Who hath laid the 
measures thereof, if thou knowest ? or who hath stretched the line 

6 upon it ? Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened ? or who 

7 laid the corner stone thereof? W'hen the morning stars sang to- 

8 gether, and all the sons of God shouted for joy ? Or who shut up 
the sea with doors, in its urging forth as though it issued from a 

9 womb ? W hen I made the cloud the garment thereof, and thick 

10 darkness a swaddling-band for it. And brake for it my decree, and 

1 1 set bars and doors, And said. Hitherto shalt thou come, but no 

12 further : and here shall thy proud waves be stayed ? Hast thou 
commanded the morning since thy days ; and caused the dayspring 

13 to kuow his place ; To lake hold of the wings of the earth, that the 

14 wicked might be shaken out of it ? It turneth round like a seal of 

15 clay ; and they stand as a garment. And from the wicked their light 

1 6 is withholden, and the high arm shall be broken. Hast thou entered 
into the springs of the sea ? or hast thou walked in the search 

17 of the depth ? Have the gates of death been opened unto thee ? or 

18 hast thou seen the doors of the shadow of death ? Hast thou per- 
ceived the breadth of the earth ? declare if thou knowest it all. 

19 Where is the way where light dwelleth? and as for darkness, where 

20 is the place thereof. That thou shouldest take it to the bound thereof, 
and that thou shouldest know the paths to the house thereof? 

2 1 Knowest thou it, because thou wast then born ? or because the 

22 number of thy days is great ? Hast thou entered into the treasures 
24 of the snow ? or hast thou seen the treasures of the hail. Which I 

have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle 

24 and war ? By what way is the light parted, doth the east wind sweep 

25 over the earth ? Who hath divided a watercourse for the overflowing 

26 of waters, or a way for the lightning of thunder ; To cause it to rain 
on the earth, lohere no man is ; on the desert, wherein there is no man ; 

27 To satisfy the desolate and waste ground ; and to cause the growth 

28 of the tender herb to spring forth ? Hath the rain a father ? or who 

29 hath begotten the drops of dew ? Out of whose womb came the ice ? 

30 and the hoary frost of heaven, who hath gendered it ? The waters 
hiding themselves are like a stone, and the face of the deep 

31 holdeth together. Canst thou bind the bands of Pleiades, or loose 

32 the traces of Orion ? Canst thou bring forth the zodiac in his 

33 season ? or canst thou guide Arturus with his sons ? Knowest thou 
the ordinances of heaven ? canst thou set the dominion thereof in the 


34 earth ? Canst thou lift up thy voice to the thick cloud, that abun- 

35 dance of waters may cover thee ? Canst thou send lightnings, that 
06 they may go, and say unto thee, 1 [ere we are? Who hath put 

wisdom in tlie inward parts ? or who hath given understanding to the 

37 intellect; Who can number the clouds in wisdom ? or who can lay 

38 up the pitchers of heaven, W^hen dust pouveth forth in dense masses, 

39 and clods cleave fast together ? Wilt thou hunt the prey for the 

40 lioness? or fdl the appetite of the young lions. When they couch 

41 in their dens, and al)ide in the covert to lie in wait ? Who provideth 
for the raven his food, when his young ones cry unto God, and 
wander for lack of meat ? 

1 Chap, xxxix. — Knowest thou the time when the wild goats of the 
rock bring forth ? or canst thou mark when the hinds do calve ? 

2 Canst thou number the months that they fulfil ? or knowest thou the 
8 time when they bring forth ? They bow themselves, they urge forth 

4 their young ones, they cast out their throes. Their young ones 
become vigorous, they grow up in the open air ; they go forth, and 

5 return not unto them. Who hath sent forth the wild ass free ? or 

6 who hath loosed the bands of the untamed? Whose house I have 

7 made the desert, and the salt land his dwellings. He scorneth the 
multitude of the city, neither heareth he the shoutings of the 

8 driver. The produce espied on mountains is his pasture, and he 

9 searcheth after every green thing. Will the buffalo be willing to 

10 serve thee, or abide over night by thy crib ? Canst thou bind the 
buffalo with his band in the furrow ? or will he harrow the valleys 

11 after thee? Wilt thou trust him, because his strength w great? or 

12 wilt thou leave thy labour to him ? Wilt thou believe him, that he 

13 will bring home thy seed, and gather tHra^o thy barn ? The wing of the 

14 ostrich would exult, if pinion and feather were those of the stork. She 

15 would yet leave her eggs on the earth, and warm them in dust. And 
forget that the foot may crush them, or that the beast of the field 

16 may break them. She is hardened against her young ones, for 

17 those not her's : being careless, her labour is in vain; Because 
God hath deprived her of wisdom, neither hath he imparted to her 

18 understanding. What time she lifteth up herself on high, she 

19 scorneth the horse and his rider. Canst thou give the horse 

20 strength ? Canst thou clothe his neck with the stately mane ? Canst 
thou make him leap as a grasshopper ? the majesty of his snorting 

21 inspires awe. He spieth in the valley, and rejoiceth in his strength : 

22 he goeth on to meet the armed. He mocketh at fear, and is not 

23 affrighted ; neither turneth he back from the sword. The quiver 

24 rattleth against him-, the glittering spear and the shield. He paweth 
the ground with fierceness and rage : neither believeth he that it is 

25 the sound of the trumpet. At the din of the trumpet he sayeth. 
Aha ! and he smelleth the battle afar off, the thunder of the captains. 


26 and the shouting. Doth the hawk fly by thy wisdom, and stretch 

27 her wings toward the south ? Doth the eagle mount up at thy com- 

28 mand, and make her nest on high ? She dwelleth and abideth on 

29 the rock, upon the crag of the rock, and the strong place. From 

30 thence she espieth her prey, and her eyes behold afar off. Her 
young ones also suck up blood : and where the slain are, there is she. 

1 2 Chap. xl. — Morever the Eternal answered Job, and said. Shall 
contending with the Almighty correct hitn ? he that reproveth God, 

3 let him answer it. Then Job answered the Eternal, and said, 

4 Behold, I am vile ; what shall I answer thee ? I will lay my hand 

5 upon my mouth. Once have I spoken ; but I will not answer : yea, 

6 twice ; but I will proceed no further. Then answered the Eternal 

7 unto Job out of the storm, and said. Gird up thy loins now like a 

8 man : I will ask thee, and declare thou unto me. Wilt thou also 
make void my judgment ? wilt thou condemn me, that thou may- 

9 est be righteous ? Hast thou an arm like God ? or canst thou 

10 thunder with a voice like him ? Deck thyself now ivith majesty and 

11 excellency; and array thyself with glory and beauty. Cast abroad 
the rage of thy wrath : and behold every one that is proud, and a]:)ase 

VI him. Look on every one that is proud, and bring him low ; and 

13 tread down the wicked in their place. Hide (hem in the dust 

14 together ; and bandage their faces in the secret place. Then will I 
also confess unto thee that thine own risrht hand shall save thee. 

15 Behold now the river-horse, which I have made with thee ; he eateth 

16 grass as an ox. Lo now, his sti'ength is in his loins, and his vigour 

17 is in the muscles of his body. He moveth his tail like a cedar : the 

18 sinews of his thighs are wrapped together. His bones are pipes of 

19 copper ; his bones are like bars of iron. He is the chief of the ways 

20 of God : he that made him can alone reach his sword. That the 
mountains should bring forth food for him, and all the beasts of the 

21 field play there. He lieth under wild lotuses, in the covert of the 
32 reed, and fens. Wild lotuses cover him with their shadow ; willows 

23 of the brook compass him about. Behold, should a river overflow, 
he hasteth not ; he feels secure should Jordan burst forth up to his 

24 mouth. He taketh it in with his eyes : Ms nose pierceth through 

25 snares. Canst thou draw out a crocodile with a hook ? or his tongue 

26 with a cord which thou lettest down ? Canst thou put a reed into his 

27 nose ? or bore his jaw through with a thorn ? Will he make many 

28 supplications unto thcc ? will he speak soft words unto thee ? Will 
he make a covenant with thee ? wilt thou take him for a servant for 

29 ever ? Wilt thou play with him as with a bird ? or wilt thou bind 

30 him for thy maidens 't Shall the companions make a banquet of him ? 


31 shall they part him among the merchants? Canst thou fill his skin 

32 with barbed irons ? or his head with fish spears ? Lay thy hand upon 
him, thou wilt no more remember the battle. 

1 Chap. xli. — Behold, the hope of him is in vain : shall not one be 

2 cast down even at the sight of him ? None is so fierce that dare stir 

3 him up : who then is able to stand before me ? Who hath forestalled 
me, that I should repay him ? whatsoevei- is under the whole heaven is 

4 mine. I will not be silent of his parts, nor of the matter of his power, 

5 nor of his comely proportion. Who can uncover the face of his gar- 

6 ment ? who would enter the double row in his jaw. Who can open 

7 the doors of his face? his teeth are terrible round about. The 
strength of his shields are his pride, shut up together as ivith a close 

8 seal. One is so near to another, that no air can come between them. 

9 They are joined one to another, they stick together, that they cannot 

10 be sundered. His snortings make light to shine, and his eyes are like 

1 1 the eyelids of the morning dawn. Out of his mouth go burning lamps, 

12 and sparks of fire escape. Out of his nostrils goeth smoke, as out of 

13 a seething pot or cauldron. His breath kindleth live coals, and a 

14 flame goeth out of his mouth. In his neck abideth strength, and 

15 before him danceth terror. The flakes of his flesh are joined toge- 

16 ther : they are firm in themselves ; they cannot be moved. His 

17 heart is as firm as a stone ; yea, as hard as a nether millstone. When 
he raiseth himself up, the mighty are afraid ; by reason of breakings 

18 they lose themselves. The sword of him that layeth at him cannot 

19 hold: the spear, the dart, nor the habergeon. He esteemeth iron as 

20 straw, and copper as rotten wood. The arrow cannot make him 

21 flee : shngstones are turned with him into stubble. Clubs are 

22 counted as stubble : he laugheth at the shaking of a spear. His 
under-parts are like sharp points of potsherd: he spreadeth sharp 

23 points upon the mire. He maketh the deep to boil like a pot : he 

24 maketh the sea like a pot of ointment. He maketh a path to shine 

25 after him ; one would think the deep to be hoary. Upon earth there 

26 is not his like, who is made without fear. He beholdeth all high 
things ; he w a king over all the children of pride. 

1 2 Chap, xlii, — Then Job answered the Eternal, and said, I know 
that thou canst do every thing, and that no purpose of thine can be 

3 frustrated. Who is he that hideth counsel without knowledge? 
therefore have I uttered that I understood not ; things too wonderful 

4 for me, which I knew not. Hear, I beseech thee, and I will speak : 

5 I will ask thee, and declare thou unto me. I have heard of thee by 

6 the hearing of the ear : but now mine eye seeth thee. Wherefore I 


7 abho^ myself, and repent in dust and ashes. And it was so, that 
after the "Eternal had spoken these words unto Job, the Eternal said 
to EHphaz the Temanite, My wrath is kindled against thee, and 
against thy two friends : for ye have not spoken of me the tiling that 

8 is right, as my servant Job hath. Therefore take unto you now 
seven bullocks and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and offer 
up for yourselves a burnt offering; and my servant Job shall pray for 
you : for him will I accept : lest I deal with you after your folly, in 
that ye have not spoken of me the thing which is right, like my ser- 

9 vant Job. So Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and 
Zophar the Naamathite, went, and did according as the Eternal com- 

10 manded them : the Eternal also accepted Job. And the Eternal 
turned the captivity of Job, when he prayed for his friends : also the 

1 1 Eternal gave Job twice as much as he had before. Then came there 
unto him all his brethren, and all his sisters, and all they that had 
been of his acquaintance before, and did eat bread with him in his 
house : and they condoled with him, and comforted him over all the 
evil that the Eternal had brought upon him : every man also gave 

12 him a kesitah oi money , owA everyone a ring of gold. So the Eternal 
blessed the latter end of Job more than his beginning : for he had 
fourteen thousand sheep, and six thousand camels, and a thousand 

13 yoke of oxen, and a thousand she asses. He had also seven sons and 

14 three daughters. And he called the name of the first Jemima; and 
the name of the second, Kezia ; and the name of the third Keren- 

15 happuch. And in all the land were no women found so fair as the 
daughters of Job, and their father gave them inheritance among their 

16 brethren. Alter this lived Job a hundred and forty years, and saw 

17 his sons, and his sons' sons, even four generations. So Job died, 
being old and full of days. 


1 2 Chap. i. — The song of songs, which is Solomon's. Let him kiss 
me with the kisses of his mouth : for thy caresses are better than 

3 wine. Good for odour are thine ointments, thy name is as oil poured 

4 forth, therefore do the maidens love thee. Draw me, we will run 
after thee: the king hath brought mo. info his chambers : we will be 
glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy caresses above wine : 

5 the upright love thee. I am l)h^ck, but comely, O ye daughters of 

6 Jerusalem, as the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon. Look 
not upon nie, because I am dark. ])ecause the sun bath browned me: 
my mother's children were angry with me; they made iiie the keeper 

7 of the vineyards ; btit mine one vineyard have 1 not kept. Tell me, 
O thou whom my soul lovelh, where thou feedest, where thou miikest 
t?t,y flock to rest at noon : for wherefore should I be as one veiled among 

8 the flocks of thy companions? Jf thou know not, O thou fairest 
among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of (he flock, and 

9 feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents. I compare thee, O my 

10 love, to my steed^ in one of Pharaoh's chariots. Thy cheeks are 

11 comely with rows of jewels, thy neck with strings of pearls. We will 

12 make thee borders^ of gold with studs of silver. While (he king is 

13 in his circle, my spikenard sendeth forth the smell thereof. A bundle 
of myrrh is my wellbeloved unto me ; he shall lie all night betwixt 

14 iny breasts. My beloved is unto me as a bunch of cypress-flowers in 
1.5 the vineyards of En-gedi. Behold, thou fir/ fair, my love; behold, 

16 thou art fair; thine eyes are doves. Behold, thou art fair, my be- 

17 loved, yea, pleasant: also our bedstead is green. The beams of our 
house are cedar, and our rafters of cypress. 

1 2 Chap. IT. — I am the lily of Sharon, «nc? the rose of the valleys. As 

3 the rose among thorns, .so is my love among the daughters. As the 
apple tree among the trees of the wood, so is my beloved among the 
sons. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit 

4 was sweet to my palate. He brought me to the banqueting^ house, 

■* mare ^ rows. ^ wine. 


5 and his banner over me was love. Stay me with grape-cakes, comfort 

6 me with apples : for I am sick of love. His left hand is under my 

7 head, and his right hand doth embrace me. I adjure you, O ye 
daughters of Jerusalem, 1)y the gazelles, and by the hinds of the field, 

8 if ye stir up, or awake my love, till it please .... The voice of 
my beloved 1 behold, he cometh leaping over the mountains, bound- 

9 iug over the hills. My beloved is like a gazelle or a young one of the 
hinds : behold, he standeth behind our wall, he looketh forth through 

10 the windows, glancing through the lattice. My beloved spake,^ and 

1 1 said unto me, Rise up, my love, my fair one, and come away. For, 

12 lo, the 'vinter is past, the rain is over and gone ; The flowers appear 
on the earth ; the time of the singing of birds is come, and the voice 

13 of the turtle is heard in our land ; The fig tree sweeteneth^ her 
green figs, and the vines are in blossom, giving a good smell. Arise, 

14 my lo"e, my fair one, and come away. O my dove, tJiat art in the 
C'^ Its of the rock, in the secret ^vZac^^ of the cliff, let me see thy coun- 
tenance, let me hear thy voice ; for sweet is thy voice, and thy coun- 

15 tenance is comely. Take us jackals, little jackals, that spoil the 

16 vines: for our vines are in blossom. My beloved is mine, and I am 

17 his : he feedeth among the roses. ITntil the day cooleth,^ and the 
shadows flee away, turn, my beloved, and be thou like a gazelle or a 
young one of the hinds upon the mountains bf separation. 

1 Chap. hi. — By night on my couch I sought him whom my soul 

2 loveth : I sought him, but I found him not. I will rise now, and go 
about the city in the streets, and in the broad ways I will seek him 

3 whom my soul loveth : I sought him, but I found him not. The 
watchmen that go about the city found me : to whom I said, Saw ye 

4 him whom my soul loveth ? It was but a little that I passed from 
them, but I foimd him whom my soul loveth : I held him, and would 
not let him go, until I had brought him into my my mother's house, 

5 and into the chamber of her that conceived me. I adjure you, O ye 
daughters of Jerusalem, by the gazelles, and by the hinds of the 

6 field, if ye stir up, or awake my love, till it please .... Who is this 
that cometh up from the desert like pillars of smoke, perfumed with 
myrrh and frankincense, arotaatic above all powders of the merchant ? 

7 Behold his bed, which is Solomon's ; threescore heroes are about it, 

8 of the heroes of Israel. They all are sword-armed, expert in war : 
every man hath his sword upon his thigh because of dread in the 

9 night. King Solomon made himself a palanquin of the wood of Le- 
10 banon. He made the pillars thereof of silver, the stay thereof of 

' answered. ' embalmeth. ' blowofb. 


gold, the seat of it of purple, the midst thereof — love, paved by 
11 daughters of Jerusalem. Go forth, O ye daughters of Zion, and 
behold King Solomon with the crown wherewith his mother crowned 
him in the day of his espousals, and in the day of the gladness of his 

1 Chap. iv. — Behold, thou art fair, my love ; behold, thou art fair ; 

2 thine eyes behind thy veil : thy hair is as a flock of goats, that appear 

2 from Mount Gilead. Thy teeth are like a fioc^ of sheep well propor- 
tioned ; which came up from the washing : all of whom are paired, 

3 and none of them bereaved. Thy lips are like a thread of scarlet, 
and thy mouth in lovely : thy cheeks are like a piece of pomegranate 

4 behind thy veil. Thy neck is like the tower of David built for 
instruction : a thousand shields are being upon it, all shields of the 

5 heroes. Thy two breasts are like two fawns, twins of a gazelle which 

6 feed among the roses. Until the day cooleth, and the shadows flee 
away, I will get me to the mountain of myrrh, and to the hill of 

7 frankincense. Thou art fair, my love, and there is no blemish in 

8 thee. With me, from Lebanon, my betrothed, with me come from Le- 
banon : thou shalt look from the top of Amana, from the top of 
Shenir and Hermon, from the lion's dens, from the mountains of 

9 panthers. Thou hast ravished my heart, my sister, my betrothed; 
thou hast ravished my heart with one of thine eyes, with one chain 

10 of thy neck. How fair is thy love, my sister, my betrothed, how 
much better is thy love than wine ! and the odour of thine ointments^ 

11 than all spices. Thy lips, O my betrothed, drop like honey comb : 
honey and milk are under thy tongue, and the odour of thy garments 

12 is as the odour of Lebanon. A closed garden is my sister, my be- 

13 trothed ; a closed spring, a sealed fountain. Thy shoots are like an 
orchard of pomegranates, with precious fruit, cypresses, and spikenard; 

14 Spikenard and saff"ron, calamus and cinnamon, with all sorts of frank- 

15 incense, trees, myrrh, and aloes : with all the chief spices, With a 
garden's fountain, a well of living water, and streams from Lebanon. 

16 Awake, O north wind, and come, thou south ; blow upon my garden, 
that the spices thereof may flow out. Let my beloved come into his 
garden, and eat his delicious fruit. 

Chap. v. — I am come into my garden, my sister, my betrothed : 
I have gathered my myrrh, and my spice. I have eaten my honey- 
comb, with my honey. I have drunk my wine with my milk ; eat, 
O friends ; drink, and get intoxicated, O beloved ! I sleep, but my 
heart waketh ; it is the voice of my beloved that knocketh, saying. 

' oils. 


Open to me, my sisfer, my love, my dove, my perfect one; for my 
head is filled with dew, and my locks with drops of the night. 

3 T have put off my inner garment; how shall I put it on ? I have 

4 washed my feet ; how shall I soil them ? My beloved drew his hand 

5 from the door hole, and my feelings^ were moved for him . I rose to 
open to my beloved, and my hands dropped with myrrh, and my 

6 fingers with liquid myrrh upon the handles of the bolt. I opened to 
my beloved ; but my beloved had withdrawn himself, and was gone ; 
my soul departed when he spake : I sought him, but I could not 

7 find him ; I called him, but he gave me no answer. The watchmen 
that went about the city found me, they smote me, they wounded me, 

8 the keepers of the ramparts took away my veil from me. I adjure you, 
O daughters of Jerusalem, if ye shall find my beloved, what will ye 

9 tell him ? That I am sick of love. What is thy beloved more than 
another beloved, O thou fairest among women ? What is thy be- 

10 loved more than another beloved that thou thus adjurest us? My 

1 1 beloved is white and ruddy, conspicuous above a myriad. His head 

12 is as the finest gold, his locks are flowing, black as the raven. His 
eyes like doves on water streams are bathing in milk, sitting on fuU- 

13 ness. His cheeks are like beds of the spices, elevations- of ointments ; 

14 his lips are like roses, dropping liquid myrrh. His hands are like 
golden cylinders, inlaid with chrysolite : his belly is as bright ivory, 

15 covered with sapphires. His legs are as pillars of marble, based 
upon sockets of fine gold : his appearance is like that of the Lebanon, 

16 distinguished as the cedars. His speech^ is most sweet : yea, he is 
altogether lovely. This is my beloved^ and this is my friend, O 
daughters of Jerusalem. 

1 Chap. vi. — Whither is thy beloved gone, O thou fairest among 
women ? Whither is thy beloved turned away ? That we may seek 

2 him with thee. My beloved is gone down into his garden, to the beds 

3 of the spice, to feed in the gardens, and to gather roses. I am my 
beloved's, and my beloved is mine : he who feedeth among the roses. 

4 Thou art beautiful, O my love, as Tirzah, comely as Jerusalem, 

5 awe-inspiring as bannered hosts. Turn away thine eyes from me, 
for they have overcome me. Thy hair is as a flock of goats, that 

6 appear from Gilead. Thy teeth are like a flock of sheep which go up 
from the washing ; all of which are paired, and not one among them is 

7 bereaved. Like a piece of the pomegranate are thy cheeks behind thy 

8 veil. Threescore are queens, and fourscore concubines and young 

9 women without number. She is my only one, my perfect beauty, the 
only one of her mother, the choice one of her that bare her : daughters 
saw her, and praised her ; queens also and concubines, and extolled 

10 her. W^ho is it that looketh forth as the morn, fair as the moon, 

11 clear as the sun, awe-inspiring as bannered armies^ I went down 
into the nut garden, to look at the verdure of the brook, to see whe- 
ther the vine flourished, whether the pomegranates were in bloom. 

12 I knew not, but my soul carried me among the chariots of the noblest 
of my people. 

1 bowels. 2 towers. ^ palate. 



1 Chap. vii. — Return, return, O Shulamite ; return, return, that we 
may look at thee. What will you see in the Shulamite ? Like the 

2 dances of double companies. How beautiful are thy steps in the shoes, 
O daughter of a noble ! The arches of thy thighs are like necklaces, 

3 the work of an artist's hands. Thy navel is like a round bowl ; let 
not spiced wine be wanted in it : Thy body is like a heap of wheat, 

4 set about with roses. Thy two breasts are like two young fawns, 

5 twins of a gazelle. Thy neck is like a tower of ivory ; thine eyes 
are as the pools in Heshbon by a gate of great concourse ; thy nose 

6 is as the tower of the Lebanon, looking towards Damascus. Thy 
head upon thee is like Carmel, and the tresses of thy head like red 

7 purple ; the king is held in the galleries. How fair and how pleasant 

8 art thou, O love, for delights ! This, thy stature, is like to a palm 

9 tree, and thy breasts to clusters of grapes. T said, I will go up to 
the palm tree, I will take hold of the boughs thereof : now also thy 
breasts shall be as clusters of the vine, and the odour of thv breath^ 

10 like apples ; And thy palate like the best wine for ray beloved, that 

goeth doivn smoothly, causing the lips of those that are asleep to 
1112 speak. I am my beloved's, and his desire is towards me. Come, 

my beloved, let us go forth into the field ; let us lodge in the villages. 
] 3 Let us get up early to the vineyards ; let us see if the vine flourish, 

whether the bud opens, and the pomegranates bud forth : there 
14 will I give thee my loves. The mandrakes give a smell, and at our 

doors are all manner of precious fruitSy new and old, which I have 

laid up for thee, O my beloved. 

1 Chap. viii. — O that thou wert as my brother, that sucked the breasts 
of my mother ! when I should find thee without, I would kiss thee ; 

2 yea, I should not be despised. I would lead thee, and bring thee 
into my mother's house, thou shouldest instruct me : I would cause 
thee to drink of spiced wine of the juice of my promegranate. 

3 His left hand should be under my head, and his right hand should 

4 embrace me. I adjure you, O daughters of Jerusalem, wherefore do 
ye stir up, and wherefore awaken the love before^ it be its pleasure ? 

5 Who is this that cometh up from the desert, leaning upon her 
beloved ? I roused thee under the apple tree : there thy mother 
brought thee forth : there she brought thee forth that bare thee. 

6 Set me as a seal upon thy heart, as a seal upon thine arm : 
for love is strong as death ; zeal is unyielding as the grave : the burn- 

7 ings thereof are of fire, burning flames of the Eternal. Many 
waters cannot quench love, neither can rivers sweep it away, if a 
man would give all the substance of his house for love, it would 

8 utterly be contemned. We have a little sister, and she hath no 
breasts : what shall we do for our sister in the day when she shall be 

9 spoken for ? If she he a rampart, we will build upon her a palace of 
silver : and if she be a door, we will inclose her with boards of cedar. 

nose. 2 until. 


10 I amsi rampart, and my breasts like towers : then was I in his eyes as 

11 one that found peace, Solomon had a vineyard at Baal-ha-mon; he 
let out the vineyard unto keepers : every one for the fruit thereof 

12 was to bring a thousand pieces of silver. My vineyard, which is 
mine, is before me : Be the thousands thine, O Solomon, and the two 

13 hundred to the keepers of the fruit. Thou that dwellest in the gar- 
dens, the companions hearken to thy voice: cause me to hear it. 

14 Make haste, my beloved, and be thou like to a gazelle, or to a young 
one of the hind upon the mountains of spices. 


1 Uhap. I. — Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, 
that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Beth- 
lehem-judah went to sojourn in the fields of Moab, he, and his wife, 

2 and his two sons. And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the 
name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and 
Chilion, Ephrathites of Beth-lehem-judah. And they came into the 

3 fields of Moab, and continued there. And Elimelech, Naomi's hus- 

4 band, died ; and she was left, and her two sons. And they took 
them JNloabite wives ; the name of the one tvas Orpah, and the name 

5 of the other Ruth : and they dwelled there about ten years. And 
Mahlon and Chilion died also, both of them ; and the woman was left 

6 of her two sons and her husband. Then she arose with her daugh- 
ters in law, that she might return from the fields of Moab ; for she 
had heard in the fields of Moab how that the Eternal had visited his 

7 people in giving them bread. Wherefore she went forth out of the 
place where she was, and her two daughters in law with her ; and they 


8 went on the way to return unto the land of Judah. And Naomi said 
unto her two daughters in law, Go, return each to her mother's 
house : the Eternal deal kindly with you, as ye have dealt with the 

9 dead, and with me. The Eternal grant you that ye may find rest, 
each of you in the house of her husband. Then she kissed them ; 

1 and they lifted up their voice, and wept. And they said unto her, 

11 Surely, we will return with thee unto thy people. And Naomi said. 
Return, my daughters : wherefore will ye go with me ? are there yet 

12 any more sons in my body, that they may be your husbands ? Re- 
turn, my daughters, go your way ; for I am too old to have a hus- 
band. If I should say, I have hope, if I should have a husband 

13 also to night, and should also bear sons; Would ye tarry for them 
till they were grown ? would ye shut yourselves up for them from 
having husbands ? nay, my daughters ; for it grieveth me much for 

14 your sakes that the hand of the Efernal is gone out against me. And 
they lifted up their voice, and wept again : and Orpah kissed her 

15 mother in law ; but Ruth clave unto her. And she said. Behold, thy 
sister in law is gone back unto her people, and unto her gods : re- 

16 turn thou after thy sister in law. And Kuth said, Intreat me not to 
leave thee, or to return from following after thee : for whither thou 
goest, I will go ; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge : thy people 

17 shall be my people, and thy God my God : Where thou diest, will 
I die, and there will 1 be buried : the Eternal do so to me, and more 

18 also, surely death alone shall part thee and me. When she saw that 
she was stedfastly minded to go with her, then she left speaking 

19 unto her. So they two went until they came to Beth-lehem. And 
it came to jDass, when they were come to Beth-lehem, that all the 
city was in commotion about them, and they said, Is this Naomi ? 

20 And she said unto them. Call me not Naomi, call me Mara : for 

21 the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me, T went out full, and 
the Eternal hath brought me home again empty : wherefore tJien 
call ye me Naomi, seeing the Eternal hath testified against me, and 

22 the Almighty hath afHicted me ? So Naomi returned, and Ruth the 
Moabitess, her daughter in law, with her, who returned out of the 
field of Moab : and they came to Beth-lehem in the beginning of 
barley harvest. 

1 Chap. ii. — And Naomi had a kinsman of her husband's, a mighty 
man of wealth,^ of the family of Elimelech ; and his name was Boaz. 

2 And Ruth the Moabitess said unto Naomi, Let me now go to the 
field, and glean ears of corn after him in whose sight I shall find 

3 grace. And she said unto her. Go, my daughter. And she went, 
and came, and gleaned in the field after the reapers : and her hap 
was to light on a part of the field belonging unto Boaz, who was of 



4 the fauiily of Elimelech. And, behold, Boaz came from Beth-lehem, 
and said unto the reapers, The Eternal be with you. And they 

5 answered him, The Eternal bless thee. Then said Boaz unto his 

6 servant that was set over the reapers, Whose damsel is this ? And 
the servant that was set over the reapers answered and said. It is a 
Moabitish damsel, that came back with Naomi out of the fields of 

7 Moab : And she said, Pray, let me glean and gather after the 
reapers among the sheaves : so she came, and hath continued even 
from the morning until now ; this her sitting down in the house is a 

8 little while. Then said Boaz unto Ruth, Hearest thou not, my 
daughter ? Go not to glean in another field, neither go from hence, 

9 but abide here fast by my maidens : Let thine eyes be on the 
field that they do reap, and go thou after them: have I not com- 
manded the young men that they shall not touch thee ? and when 
thou art athirst, go unto the vessels, and drink of that which the 

10 young men have drawn. Then she fell on her face, and prostrated 
herself to the earth, and said unto him. Why have I found grace in 
thine eyes, that thou shouldest take kuowledge of me, seeing I am 

11 an alien ? x\nd Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been 
told me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother-in-law since the 
death of thy husband : and how thou hast left thy father and thy 
mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people 

12 which thou knewest not yesterday, or before yesterday. The Eternal 
recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the Eternal 

13 God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust. Then she 
said. Let me find grace in thy sight, my lord ; for that thou hast 
comforted me, and for that thou hast spoken to the heart of thy 

14 handmaid, though I be not like unto one of thy handmaidens. And 
Boaz said unto her. At meal-time come thou hither, and eat of the 
bread, and di[) thy morsel in the vinegar. And she sat beside the 
reapers : and he reached her parched corn, and she did eat, and was 

15 sufficed, and lelt. And when she was risen up to glean, Boaz com- 
manded his young men, saying, Let her glean even among the 

16 sheaves, and do not put her to shame : And let fall also some of the 
handfulls of purpose for her, and leave them, that she may glean 

17 them, and rebuke her not. So she gleaned in the field until even, 
and beat out that she had gleaned : and it was about an ephah of 

1^ barley. And she took it up, and went into the city : and her mother- 
in-law saw what she had gleaned : and she brought forth, and gave 

19 to her that she had reserved after she was sufficed. And her mother- 
in-law said unto her. Where hast thou gleaned to day ? and where 
wroiightest thou ? blessed be he that did take knowledge of thee. 
And she told her mother-in-law with whom she had wrought, and 
said, The man's name with whom I wrought to day is Boaz. And 


Naomi said unto her daughter-in-law, Blessed be he of the 
Eternal, who hath not left oif his kindness to the living and to the 
dead. And Naomi said unto her, The man is nearly related unto 

21 us, one of our next kinsmen. And Ruth the Moabitess said. He 
said unto me also, Thou shalt keep fast by my young men, until 

22 they have ended all my harvest. And Naomi said unto Ruth her 
dauo-hter- in-law, It is good, my daughter, that thou go out with his 

23 maidens, that they meet thee not in any other field. So she kept 
fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest 
and of wheat harvest ; and dwelt with her mother-in-law. 

1 Chap. hi. — Then Naomi, her mother-in-law, said unto her, My 
daughter, shall I not seek rest for thee, that it may be well with 

2 thee ? And now is not Boaz our relative, with whose maidens thou 
wast ? Behold, he winnoweth barley to-night in the threshing floor. 

3 Bathe thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon 
thee, and get thee down to the threshing floor : but make not thyself 
known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. 

4 And it shall be, when he lieth down, that thou shalt mark the place 
where he shall lie, and thou shalt go in, and uncover his feet, and 

5 lay thee down ; and he will tell thee what thou shalt do. And she 

6 said unto her. All that thou sayest unto me, I will do. And she 
went down unto the threshing floor, and did according to all that her 

7 mother-in-law bade her. And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and 
his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of 
corn : and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her 

8 down. And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid, 

9 and turned himself: and, behold, a woman lay at his feet. And he 
said, Who art thou ? And she answered, I am Ruth, thy maid-ser- 
vant : spread therefore thy skirt over thy maid-servant ; for thou art 

10 a near kinsman. And he said, Blessed be thou of the Eternal, my 
daughter : for thou hast made thy latter kindness to excel the for- 
mer, inasmuch as thou followedst not the young men, whether poor 

11 or rich. And now, my daughter, fear not ; I will do to thee all that 
thou sayest : for all the city of my people doth know that thou art a 

12 virtuous woman. And now it is true that I am tJnj near kinsman: 

13 howbeit there is a kinsman nearer than I. Tarry this night, and it 
shall be in the morning, that if he will perform unto thee the part of 
a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman's part: but if he will not 
do the part of a kinsman to thee, then will I do the part of a kins- 
man to thee, as the Eternal liveth : lie down until the morning. 

14 And she lay at his feet until the morning : and she rose up before 
one could know another. And he said. Let it not be known that a 


15 woin^n came into the threshing floor. Also he said, Bring the 
cloak that thou hast upon thee, and hold it. And when she held it, 
he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her, and went into 

16 the city. And when she came to her mother in law, she said, Who 
art thou, my daughter ? And she told her all that the man had 

17 done to her. And she said. These six measures of barley gave he 
me ; for he said to me. Go not empty unto thy mother in law. 

18 Then said she, Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the 
matter will fall : for the man will not be in rest, until he have finished 
the thing this day. 

1 Chap. iv. — Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there : 
and, behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by ; unto whom 
he said. Ho, such a one ! turn aside, sit down here. And he turned 

2 aside, and sat down. And he took ten men of the elders of the 

3 city, and said. Sit ye down here. And they sat down. And he said 
unto the kinsman, Naomi, that is come again out of the fields of 
Moab, sold the parcel of the field, which ivas our brother Elimelech's : 

4 And I thought to apprise thee, saying, Buy it before the inhabitants, 
and before the elders of my people. If thou wilt redeem it, redeem 
it : but if thou wilt not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know ; 
for there is none to redeem it beside thee ; and I am after thee. And 

5 he said, I will redeem it. Then said Boaz, What day thou acquirest 
the field of the hand of Naomi, thou hast acquired it also of Ruth 
the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of the 

6 dead upon his inheritance. And the kinsman said, I cannot redeem 
it for myself, lest I mar mine own inheritance : redeem thou my 

7 right to thyself; for I cannot redeem it. Now this ivas the manner 
in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning chang- 
ing, for to confirm all things ; a man plucked off his shoe, and gave 

8 it to his neighbour : and this ivas a testimony in Israel. Therefore 
the kinsman said unto Boaz, acquire it for thee. So he drew off his 

9 shoe. And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people. Ye 
are witnesses this day, that I have acquired all that was Elimelech's, 
and all that was Chilion's, and Mahlon's, of the hand of Naomi. 

10 Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I acquired 
to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, 
that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, 

11 and from the gate of his place : ye are witnesses this day. And all 
the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, fVe are wit- 
nesses. The Eternal make the woman that is come into thy house 
like Rachel and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel : 
and do thou worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Beth-lehem : 

12 And let thy house be like the house of Pharez, whom Tamar bare 
unto Judah, of the seed which the Eternal shall give thee of this 


13 young woman. So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife : and wheu 
he came unto her, the Eternal gave her pregnancy, and she bare a 

14 son. And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the Eternal who 
hath not left thee this day without a kinsman, that his name may 

15 be famous in Israel. And he shall be unto thee a restorer of thy 
life, and a nourisher of thine old age : for thy daughter in law, who 
loveth thee, who is better to thee than seven sons, hath born him. 

16 And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became 

17 nurse unto it. And the her neighbours gave it a name, say- 
ing, There is a son born to Naomi ; and they called his name Obed : 

18 he is the father of Jesse, the father of David. Now these are the 

19 generations of Pharez : Pharez begat Hezron, And Hezron begat 

20 Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab, And Amminadab begat Nah- 

21 shon, and Nahshon begat Salmon, And Salmon begat Boaz, and 

22 Boaz begat Obed, And Obed begat Jessie, and Jessie begat David. 


Chap. i. — How doth the city sit solitary, that loas full of people ! 
how is she become as a widow ! she that was great among the na- 
tions, awe? princess among the provinces, how is she become tributary ! 
She weepeth sore in the night, and her tears are on her cheeks: 
among all her lovers she hath none to comfort her : all her friends 
have dealt treacherously with her, they are become her enemies. 


3 Judah is gone into captivity because of affliction, and because of 
great servitude : she dwelleth among the nations, she findeth no rest : 

4 all her persecutors overtook her between the straits. The ways of 
Zion do mourn, because none come to the solemn feasts : all her 
gates are desolate : her priests sigh, her virgins are afflicted, and she 

5 is in bitterness. Her adversaries are the chief, her enemies prosper; 
for the Eternal hath afflicted her for the multitude of her transgres- 
sions : her children are gone into captivity before the adversary, 

6 And from the daughter of Zion all her beauty is departed: her 
princes are become like harts that find no pasture, and they are gone 

7 without strength before the pursuer. Jerusalem remembered in the 
days of her affliction and of her persecutions all her pleasant 
things that she had in the days of old, when her people fell into the 
hand of the adversary, and none did help her : the adversaries saw 

8 her, and did mock at her calamities. Jerusalem hath grievously 
sinnod; therefore she is removed: all that honoured her vilify her, 
because they have seen her nakedness : yea, she herself sigheth, and 

9 turneth backward. Her filthiness is in her skirts ; she bore not in 
mind her future ; therefore she came down wonderfully : she had no 
comforter. O Eternal, behold my affliction : for the enemy hath 

10 magnified himself. The adversary hath spread out his hand upon 
all her pleasant things : for she hath seen that nations entered into 
her sanctuary, of whom thou didst command that they should not 

11 enter into thy congregation. All her people sigh, they seek bread; 
they have given their pleasant things for food to relieve the soul : 

12 see, O Eternal, and consider; for I am become vile. May it not 
come upon you, all ye that pass this way ! behold, and see if there 
be any pain like unto my pain, which is inflicted upon me, where- 
with the Eternal hath grieved me in the day of the kindling of his 

13 wrath. From above he hath sent fire into my bones, and it prevail- 
eth against them : he hath spread a net for my feet, he hath turned 

14 me back : he hath made me desolate and faint all the day. The 
yoke of my transgressions is bound by his hand : they are wreathed, 
and come up upon my neck : he hath made my strength to stumble, 
the Eternal hath delivered me into their hands, from lohom 1 am not 

15 able to rise up. The Eternal hath trodden under foot all my mighty 
men in the midst of me : he hath proclaimed a festival concerning 
me to crush my young men : the Eternal hath trodden the virgin, the 

10 daughter of Judah, as in a winepress. For these things 1 weep; 
mine eye, mine eye runneth down with water, because the comforter 
that should relieve my soul is far from me : my children are desolate, 

17 because the enemy prevailed. Zion spreadeth forth her hands, and 
there is none to comfort her : the Eternal hath commanded concern- 
ing Jacob, that his adversaries should he round about him : Jerusalem 

18 is as a menstruous woman among them. The I'iternal, he is right- 
eous ; for I have rebelled against his commandment : hear, 1 pray 
you, all peoples, and behold my pain : my virgins and my young men 



19 are gone into captivity. I called for my lovers, but tliey deceived 
me: my priests and mine elders expired in the city, while 

20 they sought food for themselves to relieve their souls. Behold, 
O Eternal ; for I am in distress : my bowels burn ; my heart is 
turned within me ; for I have grievously rebelled : abroad the sword 

21 bereaveth, as death at home. They have heard that I sigh : there is 
none to comfort me : all mine enemies have heard of my trouble ; 
they are glad that thou hast done it : thou wilt bring the day that 

22 thou hast called, and they shall be like unto me. Let all their 
wickedness come before thee ; and do unto them, as thou hast done 
unto me for all my transgressions : for my sighs are many, and my 
heart is faint. 

1 Chap. ii. — How hath the Eternal covered the daughter of Zion 
with a cloud in his anger, and cast down from heaven unto the earth 
the splendour of Israel, and remembered not his footstool in the day 

2 of his anger ! The Lord hath swallowed up all the habitations of 
Jacob, and hath not pitied : he hath thrown down in his wrath the 
strongholds of the daughter of Judah ; he hath brought them down 
to the ground : he hath polluted the kingdom and the princes thereof. 

3 He hath cut off in his fierce anger all the horn of Israel : he hath 
drawn back his right hand from before the enemy, and he burned 

4 against Jacob like a flaming fire, which devoureth round about. He 
hath bent his bow like an enemy : he stood with his right hand as 
an adversary, and slew all that ?f ere pleasant to the eye in the tent 

5 of the daughter of Zion : he poured out his fury like fire. The 
Eternal was as an enemy: he hath swallowed up Israel, he hath 
swallowed up all her palaces : he hath destroyed his strongholds, 
and hath increased in the daughter of Judah wailing and lamentation. 

6 And he hath violently taken away its fence, as if it were of a garden : 
he hath destroyed his places of appointment : the Eternal hath caused 
the solemn feasts^ and sabbaths to be forgotten in Zion, and hath 

7 scorned in the indignation of his anger king and priest. The Eternal 
hath cast oif his altar, he hath abhorred his sanctuary, he hath deli- 
vered over into the hand of the enemy the walls of her palaces ; they 
have made a noise in the house of the Eternal, as in the day of so- 

8 lemn feast.' The Eternal hath purposed to destroy the rampart of the 
daughter of Zion : he hath stretched out a line, he hath not with- 
drawn his hand from destroying: therefore he made trench and ram- 

9 part to lament; they languished together. Her gates are sunk into the 
ground ; he hath destroyed and broken her bars : her king and her 
princes are among the nations, without law ; her prophets also find 

10 no vision from the Eternal. The elders of the daughter of Zion sit 
upon the ground, and keep silence : they have cast up dust upon 
their heads ; they have girded themselves with sackcloth : the virgins 

11 of Jerusalem hang down their heads to the ground. Mine eyes do 
fail with tears, my bowels burn, my liver is poured upon the earth, 
for the destruction of the daughter of my people ; because infants 

12 and sucklings swoon in the streets of the city. They say to their 
mothers, "Where is corn and wine ? when they swooned as the wounded 

' appointments. 


in the streets of the city, when their soul was poured out into their 

13 mothers' bosom. What thing shall I take to witness for thee? what 
thing shall I liken to thee, O daughter of Jerusalem ? what shall I 
equal to thee, that I may comfort thee, O virgin daughter of Zion ? 

14 for thy breach is great like the sea : who can heal thee ? Thy pro- 
phets have seen vain and foolish things for thee : and they have not 
uncovered thine iniquity, to turn away thy captivity ; but have seen 

15 for thee false prophecies^ and deceptions. All that pass by clap their 
hands at thee ; they hiss and shake their head at the daughter of 
Jerusalem, saying, Is this the city that men call The perfection of 

16 beauty. The joy of the whole earth ? All thine enemies have opened 
wide their mouth against thee : they hiss and gnash the teeth : they 
say. We have swallowed her up : certainly this is the day that we 

17 looked for; we have found, we have seen it. The Eternal hath done 
that whi'.'h he had devised ; he hath fulfilled his word that he had 
commanded in the days of old : he hath thrown down, and hath not 
pitied : and he hath caused thine enemy to rejoice over thee, he hath 

18 lifted up the horn of thine adversaries. Their heart cried unto the 
Eternal, O rampart of the daughter of Zion, let tears run down like a 
river day and night : give thyself no rest ; let not the apple'^ of thine 

19 eye cease. Arise, cry out in the night: in the beginning of the 
watches pour out thy heart like water before the face of the Eternal : 
lift up thy hands towards him for the life of thine infants, that faint 

20 for hunger in the top of every street. Behold, O Eternal, and con- 
sider to v/hom thou hast done this. Shall women eat their fruit, and 
children of tender nursing ? shall priest and prophet be slain in the 

21 sanctuary of the Eternal ? The young and the old lie on the ground 
in the streets : my virgins and my young men are fallen by the 
sword ; thou hast slain them in the day of thine anger ; thou hast 

22 killed, and not pitied. Thou hast called as in a solemn day^ my 
terrors round about, so that in the day of the anger of the Eternal 
none escaped nor remained : those that I have tenderly nursed and 
brought up hath mine enemy consumed. 

1 Chap. hi. — I am the man that hath seen affliction by the rod of his 

2 wrath. He hath led me, and brought me into darkness, but not into 

3 light. Only against me he turneth his hand over and over again 

4 all the day. My flesh and my skin hath he wasted ; he hath broken my 

5 bones. He hath builded against me, and compassed tne with poison 

6 and hardship. He hath set me in dark places, as theij that are dead 

7 for ever. He hath hedged me about, that 1 cannot get out : he hath 

8 made my fetters heavy. Also when I cry and call for help, he shut- 

9 teth out my prayer. He hath inclosed my ways with hewn stone, he 

10 hath made my paths crooked. He was unto me as a bear lying in 

11 wait, and as a lion in secret places. He hath turned aside my ways, 

12 and pulled me in pieces : he hath made me desolate. He hath bent 

13 his bow, and set me as a mark for the arrow. He hath caused the 

14 arrows of his quiver to enter into my reins. I was a derision to all 

1 burdens. 2 daughter. ^ appointed day. 


15 my people ; and their song all the day. He hath filled me with blt- 

16 terness, he hath satiated me with wormwood. He hath also broken 

17 my teeth with gravel stones, he hath covered me with ashes. And 
thou hast loathingly removed my soul from peace : I forgot pros- 

18 perity. And I said, My strength and my hope is perished from the 

19 Eternal. To remember mine affliction and my misery, is wormwood 

20 and poison. My soul full of recollections is bowed low in me. 

21 22 This I reply to my heart, therefore have I hope. That the mer- 
cies of the Eternal have not ceased, that his compassion is not 

23 spent. They are new every morning : great is thy faithfulness. 

24 The Eternal is my portion, saith my soul ; therefore will I hope in 

25 him. The Eternal is good unto them that wait for him, to the soul 

26 /7ia^ seeketh him. He is good; therefore, wzew, both hope and quietly 

27 wait for the salvation of the Eternal. He is good to the man when 

28 he beareth the yoke in his youth, Sitteth alone and keepeth silence, 

29 because he hath laid it upon him, Putteth his mouth in the dust ; 

30 peradvcnture there may be hope ; Giveth his cheek to him that 

31 smiteth him, is filled full with reproach ; Surely the Eternal will not 

32 loathingly cast off for ever. But though he cause grief, yet will he 

33 have compassion according to the multitude of his mercies. For 

34 he doth not afflict willingly nor grieve the children of men. To 

35 crush under his feet all the prisoners of the earth ; To turn aside the 

36 right of man Ijefore the face of the most High ; To subvert a man 

37 in his cause, the Eternal approveth not. Who is he that saith, and 

38 it Cometh to pass, when the Eternal commandeth it not ? As 
though out of the mouth of the most High evil and good did not 

39 proceed. Wherefore does a person whilst in life murmur, a man at 

40 his sins ? Let us search and examine our ways, and turn again to 

41 the Eternal. Let us lift up our heart with our hands unto God in 

42 the heavens. We have trangressed and have rebelled: thou hast 

43 not pardoned. Thou hast wrapped thyself in anger, and persecuted 

44 us : thou hast slain, thou hast not pitied. Thou hast covered thy- 

45 self with the cloud, that our prayer should not pass through. Thou 
hast made us as the offscouring and refuse in the midst ot" the peoples. 

46 47 All our enemies have opened wide their mouths against us. Fear 

48 and a snare is come upon us, desolation and destruction. Mine eye 
runneth down like rivulets of water for the destruction of the 

49 daughter of my people. Mine eye trickleth down, and ceaseth not, 

50 without any intermission, Till the Eternal look down, and behold 
.51 from heaven. Mine eye affecteth my heart because of all the 
.52 daughters of my city. Mine enemies chased me sore, like the bird, 

53 without cause. They have cut off my life in the pit, and cast a 

54 stone upon me. Waters flowed over my head ; tlie?i I said, I am 

55 cut off. I called upon thy name, O Eternal, out of the pit of the 

56 nether world. Thou hast heard my voice : hide not thine ear at my 

57 breathing, at my cry for help. Thou drewest near in the day that 

58 I called upon thee : thou saidst. Fear not. O Eternal, thou hast 



59 pleaded the causes of my soul ; thou hast redeemed my life. O 

(50 Et^nal, thou hast seen my wrong : judge thou my cause. Thou 

hast seen all their vengeance and all their imaginations against me. 

Gl Thou hast heard their reproach, O Eternal, and all their imagina- 

62 tions against me ; The lips of those that rose up against me, and 

63 their device against me all the day. Behold their sitting down, and 

64 their rising up ; I am their music. Render unto them a recom- 

65 pense, O Eternal, according to the work of their hands. Give them 

66 what their heart harhours, thy curse upon them. Persecute and 
destroy them in anger from under the heavens of the Eternal. 

1 Chap. iv. — How is the gold become dim ! hoio is the most fine gold 
changed ! the stones of the sanctuary are poured out in the top of 

2 every street. The precious sons of Zion, comparable to fine gold, 
how are they esteemed as earthen pitchers, the work of the hands of 

3 the potter ! Even monsters draw out the breast, they give suck to 
their young ones : the daughter of my people is become cruel, like 

4 the ostriches in the desert. The tongue of the suckling cleaveth to 
his palate for thirst : the young children ask bread, and no man 

5 breaketh it unto them. They that did feed on delicacies are desolate 
in the streets ; they that were brought up in scarlet embrace dunghills. 

6 For the iniquity of the daughter of my people is greater than the sin of 
Sodom, that was overthrown as in a moment, and no hands stayed 

7 on her. Her Nazarites were purer than snow, they were whiter 
than milk, they were more ruddy in substance than coral, their form 

8 was that of sapphire : ^ow their visage is blacker than black ; they 
are not known in the streets : their skin cleaveth to their bones ; it 

9 is withered, it is become like a stick. They that are slain with the 
sword are better than they that are slain with hunger : for these 
pine away, stricken through for ivant of the produce of the field. 

10 1 he hands of pitiful women have sodden their own children: they 
were their meat in the destruction of the daughter of my people. 

11 The Eternal hath accomplished his fury; he hath poured out his 
fierce anger, and hath kindled a fire in Zion, and it hath devoured 

12 tbe foundations thereof The kings of the earth, and all the inha- 
bitants of the world, did not believe that an adversary and an enemy 

13 would have entered into the gates of Jerusalem. For the sins of 
her prophets, and the iniquities of her priests, that have shed the 

14 blood of the just in the midst of her, Tliey have wandered as blind 
men in the streets, they have polluted themselves with blood, so that 

15 men could not touch their garments. They cried unto them, Depart 
ye ; it is unclean ; depart, depart, touch not : when they fled away and 
wandered, they said among the nations, They shall no more sojourn 

16 there. The anger of the Eternal hath divided them; he will no 
more regard them : they respected not the persons of the priests, 

17 they favoured not the ciders. Whilst we yet had existence, our 
eyes failed for our vain help : in our watching we have watched for 

18 a nation that could not save us. They hunt our steps, that we 
cannot go in our streets : our end is near, our days are fulfilled ; for 


19 our end is come. Our persecutors are swifter than the eagles of the 
heaven : they pursued us upon the mountains, they laid wait for us 

20 in the desert. The breath of our nostrils, the anointed of the 
Eternal, was taken in their pits, of whom wo said, Under his 

21 shadow we shall live among the nations. Rejoice and be glad, O 
daughter of Edom, that dwellest in the land of Us ; the^cup also 
shall pass unto thee : thou shalt be drunken, and shalt make thyself 

22 naked. Thine iniquity is expiated, O daughter of Zion ; he will no 
more carry thee away into captivity : he will visit thine iniquity, O 
daughter of Edom ; he will discover thy sins. 

1 Chap. v. — Remember O Eternal, what is come upon us: consider and 

2 behold our disgrace. Our inheritance is turned to strangers, our 
o houses to aliens. We are orphans, fatherless, our mothers are as 
4 widows. We have drunken our water for money ; our wood is sold 
o unto us. Upon our necks are our persecutors : we labour, and have 

6 no rest. We have given the hand to Egypt, and to Assyria, to be 

7 satisfied with bread. Our fathers have sinned, and are not ; and we 

8 have borne their iniquities. Servants have ruled over us : there is none 

9 that doth deliver us out of their hand. We got our bread with the peril 

10 o/" our lives because of the sword of the desert. Our skin was hot 

11 like an oven because of the furious famine. They ravished women in 

12 Zion, and maids in the cities of Judah. Princes are hanged up by 

13 their hand: the faces of elders were not honoured. Young men 

14 carried the mill, and boys stumbled under the wood. Elders have 

15 ceased from the gate, young men from their song. The joy of our 

16 heart is ceased; our dance is turned into mourning. The crown is 

17 fallen yrom our head: woe unto us, that we have sinned ! For this 

18 our heart is sick ; for these things our eyes are dim. Because of the 

19 mountain of Zion, which is desolate, jackals walk upon it. Thou, 
O Eternal, remainest for ever, thy throne from generation to genera- 

20 tion. Wherefore dost thou forget us for ever; and forsake us so long 

21 time.? Turn thou us unto thee, O Eternal, and we will return ; 

22 renew our days as of old. For shouldst thou have utterly rejected 
us ; be very wroth against us ? 


1 Chap. i. — Words of the Preacher, son of David, king of Jerusalem. 

2 Vanity of vanities, said the Preacher, vanity of vanities ; all is 

3 vanity. What profit hath a man of all his labom- which he laboureth 

4 under the sun ? One generation passeth away, and another genera- 

5 tion Cometh : but the earth abideth for ever. The sun also ariseth, 
and the sun goeth down, and panteth after his place where he ariseth 

6 again. Going towards the south, and turning about unto the north, 
the wind whirleth about continually, and the wind returneth again 

7 to its circuits. All the rivers^ run into the sea ; yet the sea is not 
full ; unto the place from whence the rivers^ come, thither they 

8 return again ; All words fall short^; man cannot expressed: the 

9 eye is not satisfied with seeing, nor the ear filled with hearing. What 
hath l)een the same will be ; and what is done the same will be done ; 

10 and there is nothing new under the sun. If there is a thing whereof 
it is said, See, this is new — it hath been already of old time, which 

11 was before us. 0/dy there is no remembrance of former tJwigs; 
neither will there be any remembrance of tilings that are to come 

12 with those that shall come after. I the Preacher was king over 

13 Israel in Jerusalem. And I gave my heart to seek and search out 
by wisdom concerning all things that are done under heaven : this 
sore travail hath God given to the sons of man to be vexed therewith. 

14 I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, 

15 all is vanity and feeding on wind; Perversion, it cannot succeed ; 

16 defectiveness, it cannot be numbered. I connnuned with mine own 
heart, saying, Lo, I have gotten greater, and more wisdom than all 
Mey that have been before me in Jerusalem: yea, my heart hath 

17 seen much wisdom and knowledge. And I gave my heart to know 
wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also 

' brooks. ^ ere tired. 


18 is feeding on wind. For in much wisdom is much grief: and he 
that increaseth knowledge increaseth pain. 

1 Chap. ii. — I said in my heart, Go to now, I will prove thee with 
mirth, therefore enjoy pleasure : and, behold, this also is vanity. 

2 3 1 said of laughter, // is mad : and of mirth, What doeth it ? I 
sought in my heart to give myself unto wine,^ yet conducting my 
heart with wisdom ; and to lay hold on folly, till I might see what 
was that good for the sons of men, which they should do under the 

4 heaven all the days of their life. I made me great works ; I built 

5 me houses ; I planted me vineyards : I made me gardens and parks, 

6 and I planted trees in them of all kind o/ fruits : 1 made me pools 

7 of water, to water therewith the wood that bringeth forth trees : I 
got 7ne servants and maidens, and had servants born in my house ; 
also I had great possessions of herds and flocks above all that were 

8 in Jerusalem before me : I gathered me also silver and gold, and 
select treasure of kings and of the provinces : I got me men singers 
and women singers, and the delights of the sons of men, a wife and 

9 concubines. So I was great, and increased more than all that were 

10 before me in Jerusalem : also my wisdom remained with me. And 
whatsoever mine eyes desired I kept not from them, I withheld not 
my heart from any joy ; for my heart rejoiced in all my labour : and 

11 this was my portion of all my labour. Then I looked on all the 
works that my hands had wrought, and on the labour that I had 
laboured to do : and, behold, all zvas vanity and feeding on wind, 

12 and there was no profit under the sun. And I turned myself to be- 
hold wisdom, and madness, and folly : for what can the man do that 
cometh after the king ? even that which hath been already done. 

13 Then I saw that wisdom excelleth folly, even as light excelleth dark- 

14 ness. The wise man's eyes are in his head ; but the fool walketh 
in darkness : and I myself nevertheless perceived that one fate be- 

15 falleth them all. Then said I in my heart, According to the fate of 
the fool, so will it also befall me ; and why was I then more wise ? 

16 Then I said in my heart, that this also is vanity. For there is no 
remembrance of the wise more than of the fool for ever ; seeing that 
which once was, in the days to come shall all be forgotten. And how 

17 dieth the wise man ? as the fool. Therefore I hated hfe ; because 
the work that is wrought under the sun is grievous unto me : for all 

18 is vanity and feeding on wind. Yea, I hated all my labour which I 
had taken^ under the sun : because I should leave it unto the man 

draw my flesh with the wine. ^ laboured. 


ID that shall be after me. And who knowetli whether he shall be a 
wise man or a fool ? yet shall he have rule over all my labour wherein 
I have laboured, and wherein I have shewed myself wise under the 

20 sun. This is also vanity. Therefore I Avent about to cause my heart 

21 to despair of all the labour which I took under the sun. For there 
is a man whose labour is in wisdom, and in knowledge, and in equity ; 
yet to a man that hath not laboured therein shall he leave it for his 

22 portion. This also is vanity and a great evil. For what hath man 
of all his labour, and of the striving of his heart, wherein he hath 

23 laboured under the sun ? For ail his days are pains, and his travail 
grief; yea, his heart taketh not rest in the night. This is also vanity, 

24 There is nothing better for a man, than that he should eat and drink, 
and that he should make his soul enjoy good in his labour. This 

25 also I saw, that it zcas from the hand of God. For who can eat, or 

26 who else can hasten hereunto, more than I ? For God giveth to a 
man that is good in his sight, wisdom, and knowledge, and joy : but 
to the sinner he giveth travail, to gather and to heap up, that he may 
give to him that is good before God. This is also vanity and feeding 
on wind. 

1 Chap. hi. — To every thing there is a season, and a time to every 
purpose under the heaven : 

2 A time to be born, and a time to die ; 

a time to plant, and a time to pluck up that ichich 

is planted ; 

3 A time to kill, and a time to heal ; 

a time to break down, and a time to build up ; 

4 A time to weep, and a time to laugh ; 
a time to mourn, and a time to dance ; 

5 A time to cast away stones, and a time to gather stones together; 
a time to embrace, and a timetorefrainfrom embracing ; 

6 A time to seek, and a time to lose ; 

a time to keep, and a time to cast away ; 

7 A time to rend, and a time to sew ; 

a time to keep silence, and a time to speak ; 

8 A time to love, and a time to hate ; 
a time of war, and a time of peace. 

9 10 What profit hath a worker in that wherein he laboureth ? I 
have seen the travail, which God hath given to the sons of men 


11 to be exercised in it. He hath made every thing beautiful in its 
time : also he hath set eternity in their heart, yet no man can 
find out the work that God maketh from the beginning to the 

12 end. I know that there is no good in them, but for a man to 

13 rejoice, and to do good in his life. And also that every man 
should eat and drink, and enjoy the good of all his labour, it is the 

14 gift of God. 1 know that whatsoever God doeth, it shall be 
for ever ; nothing can be put to it, nor anything taken from 

15 it : and God doeth it, that men should fear before him. That 
which was hath been since long ; and that which is to be hath already 

16 been ,- and God requireth that which is past. And moreover I saw 
under the sun the place of judgment, that iniquity was there ; and 

17 the place of righteousness, that iniquity loas there. I said in my 
heart, God shall judge the righteous and the wicked : for there is a 

18 time there for every purpose and for every work. I said in my heart 
concerning the nature of the sons of men, that God had singled them 

19 out only to see that they themselves are the same as beasts. For that 
which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts ; even one thing be- 
falleth them : as the one dieth, so dieth the other ; yea, they have 
all one breath ; and the preeminence of man above a beast is nought ; 

20 for all is vanity. All go unto one place ; all are of the dust, and all 

21 turn to dust again. Who knoweth the spirit of man that goeth up- 
ward, and the spirit of the beast that goeth downward to the earth ? 

22 Wherefore I perceive that tliere is nothing better, than that a man 
should rejoice in his own works ; for that is his portion ; for who 
shall brinjr him to see what shall be after him ? 


1 Chap. iv. — So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that 
are done under the sun : and behold the tears of such as were op- 
pressed, and they had no comforter ; the force from the hand of their 

2 oppressors ; but they had no comforter. Wherefore I praised the 
dead who are already dead more than the living who are yet alive. 

3 Yea, better is he than both they, who hath not yet been, who hath 

4 not seen the evil work that is done under the sun. Again, I saw all 
travail, and every aptitude for work, that this is the jealousy of a man 

5 of his fellow. This is also vanity, and feeding on wind. The fool 

6 foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh. Better is a 
handful with quietness, than both the hands full with travail and 


7 feeding on wind. Then I returned, and I saw vanity under the sun. 

8 There is one alone, and hath no second ; yea, he hath neither child 
nor brother : yet is there no end of all his labour ; neither is his eye 
satisfied with riches ; neither saith he, For whom do I labour, and 
bereave my soul of good ? This is also vanity, yea, it is a sore tra- 

9 vail. Two are better than one ; because they have a good reward 

10 for their labour. For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow : but 
woe to him that is alone when he falleth ; for he hath not another to 

1 1 help him up. Again, if two lie together, then they have heat : but 

12 how can one get warm alone ? And if one prevail against him, two 
shall withstand him ; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken. 

13 Better is a poor and a wise child than an old and foolish king, who 

14 will no more be enlightened. For out of prison he may come forth 

15 to reign ; even if born poor in his kingdom. I saw all the living who 
walk under the sun, with the second child that shall stand up in his 

16 stead. There is no end of all the people, even of all that have been 
before it : they also that come after shall not rejoice in it. Surely this 

17 also is vanity and feeding on wind. Keep thy foot when thou goest to 
the house of God, for he is more nigh to hear than when fools bring 
sacrifices, for they do not wish to consider in order to do evil. 

1 Chap. v. — Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thy heart be 
hasty to utter ant/ thing before God : for God is in heaven, and 

2 thou upon earth : therefore let thy words be few. For the dream 
cometh with much ado ; and a fool's voice Vv'ith a multitude of words. 

3 When thou vowebt a vow unto God, defer not to pay it : although 
he hath no pleasure in the fools, yet pay that which thou hast 

4 vowed. Better is it that thou shouldest not vow, than that thou 

5 shouldest vow and not pay. Suffer not thy mouth to cause thy flesh 
to sin ; neither say thou before the messenger, that it was an error : 
wherefore should God be angry at thy voice, and destroy the work 

6 of thy hands ? For as in the multitude of dreams so in many words 

7 there are vanities ; but fear thou God. If thou seest the oppression 
of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in the 
province, marvel not at the matter : yet a high one above a high one 

8 watcheth, and the highest over them. And the advantage of a 

9 country is that he is everywhere ; land that hath a king is tilled. He 
that loveth silver shall not be satisfied with silver ; nor he that 

10 loveth abundance, not increase : this is also vanity. When goods 
increase, they are increased that eat them : and what profit is there 
to the owners thereof, saving the beholding of them with their eyes ? 


11 The sleep of a labouring man is sweet, whether he eat little or much : 

12 but the abundance of the rich will not suffer him to sleep. There 
is a sore evil which I have seen under the sun, namely, riches kept 

13 for the owners thereof to their hurt. But those riches perish by 
evil travail : and he begetteth a son, and there is nothing in his hand. 

14 As he came forth of his mother's womb, naked shall he return, to go 
as he came, and shall take nothing of his labour, which he may carry 

15 away in his hand. And this also is a sore evil, that in all points as 
he came, so shall he go : and what profit hath he that hath laboured 

IG for the wind? All his days also he eateth in darkness, and he hath 

17 much grief, and his sickness is wrath. Behold that which I have 
seen : it is good and comely for one to eat and to drink, and to 
enjoy the good of all his labour that he taketh under the sun all the 

18 days of his life, which God giveth him : for it is his portion. Every 
man also to whom God hath given riches and wealth, and hath given 
him power to eat thereof, and to take his portion, and to rejoice in 

19 his labour; this w the gift of God. Let him remember the days of 
his life that they are not many, that God troubleth man in the re- 
joicing of his heart. 

1 Chap. vi. — There is an evil which I have seen under the sun, and it 

2 is common among men : A man to whom God hath given riches, 
wealth, and honour, so that he wanteth nothing for his soul of all 
that he desireth, yet God giveth him not power to eat thereof, but 

3 an alien eateth it : this is vanity, and it is an evil disease. If he 
beget a hundred children, and live many years, and however numerous 
the days of his years his soul should not be filled with good, and not 
even have a burial ; I say, that an untimely birth is better than he. 

4 For it came in vain, and departeth in darkness, and its name shall 
f) be covered with darkness. Moreover it hath not seen the sun, nor 
G known any thing: yet this hath more rest than the other. Yea, 

though he live a thousand years twice told, yet hath he seen no 
7 good : do not all go to one place ? All the labour of man is for his 

5 mouth, and yet the appetite is not filled. P'or what hath the wise 
more than the fool ? vv'hat hath the poor, that knoweth to walk, 

9 bel'ore the living ? Better is the sight of the eyes than the wander- 

10 ing of the desire: this is also vanity and feeding on wind. That 
which hath been is named already, and it is known that it is man : 

11 neither may he contend vath him that is mightier than he. Seeing 


there are many things that increase vanity, what is man the better ? 
1 2 For who knoweth what is good for man in this life, all the days of his 
vain life which he spendeth as a shadow ? for who can tell a man 
what shall be after him under the sun ? 

1 Chap. vii. — A good name is better than precious ointment; and the 

2 day of death than the day of one's birth. // is better to go to the 
house of mourning, than to go to the house of feasting : for that is 

3 the end of all men ; and the living will lay it to his heart. Such 
sorrow is better thau laughter : for whilst the countenance is sad the 

4 heart may feel cheered. The heart of the wise is in the house of 

5 mourning ; but the heart of fools is in the house of mirth. It is 
better to hear the rebuke of the wise, than for a man to hear the 

6 song of fools. For as the cracking of thorns under the pot, so is 

7 the laughter of the fool : this also is vanity. Surely oppression 

8 ma^eth a wise man mad ; and a gift destroyeth the heart. Better is 
the end of a thing than the beginning thereof : and the patient in 

9 spirit is better than the proud in spirit. Be not hasty in thy spirit 

10 to be angry : for anger resteth in the bosom of fools. Say not thou. 
What is the cause that the former days were better than these ? for 

11 thou dost not enquire wisely concerning this. Wisdom is good with 
an inheritance : and by it there is profit to them that see the sun. 

12 For they are in the shadow of wisdom and the shadow of money; 
yet the knowledge of wisdom hath the preference : it preserveth its 

13 possessors. Consider the work of God: for who can make that 

14 straight, which he hath formed crooked? In the day of prosperity 
be joyful, but in the day of adversity consider : God also hath set 
the one over against the other, to the end that man should find 

15 nothing after it. All things have I seen in the days of my vanity: 
there is a just man that perisheth in his righteousness, and there is a 

16 wicked nian that prolongeth his life in his wickedness. Be not 
righteous over much ; neither make thyself over wise : whyshouldest 

17 thou be'confounded ? Be not over much wicked, neither be thou 

18 foolish: whyshouldest thou die before thy time ? It is good that 
thou shouldest take hold of this ; yea, also from this withdraw not 
thy hand : for he that feareth God shall come forth of them all. 

19 Wisdom strengtheneth the wise more than ten mighty men who are 

20 in the city. For tJiere is not a just man upon earth, that doeth 

21 good, and sinneth not. Also take no heed unto all words that are 

22 spoken ; lest thou hear thy servant execrate thee : For oftentimes 
also thine own heart knoweth that thou thyself likewise hast exe- 

23 crated others. All this have I tried by wisdom : 1 said, I will be 

24 wise ; but it was far from me. That which is far off, and exceeding 


25 deep, who can find it out ? I applied my heart to know, and to 
search, and to seek out wisdom, and contrivance, but only to learn^ that 

2G wickedness is folly, and folly madness. I also find more bitter than 
death the woman, whose heart is snares and nets, and her hands as 
bands : whoso pleaseth God shall escape from her ; but the sinner 

27 shall be taken by her. Behold, this have I found, saith the preacher, 

28 one by one, to find out the account. What yet my soul seeketh, but 
I find not : one man among a thousand have I found ; but a woman 

29 among all those have I not found. Lo, this only have I found, that 
God hath made man upright ; but they have sought out many con- 

1 Chap. viii. — Who is as the wise man ? and who knoweth the inter- 
pretation of a thing ? a man's wisdom maketh his face to shine, and 

2 the boldness of his face shall be changed. I counsel thee to keep the 
king's commandment, also concerning any utterance of an oath to 

3 God. Be not hasty to go out of his sight : stand not in an evil thing; 

4 for he doeth whatsoever pleaseth him. V*'here the word of a king is, 
there is power : and who may say unto him. What doest thou ? 

5 Whoso keepeth the commandment shall feel no evil thing : and a 

6 wise man's heart discerneth both time and judgment. For although 
to every purpose there is time and judgment, the misery of man may 

7 be great upon him. For he knoweth not that which shall be : for 

8 who can tell him when it shall be ? There is no man that hath 
power over the spirit to retain the spirit ; neither hath he power in 
the day of death : and there is no discharge in that war ; neither shall 

9 wickedness deliver those that are given to it. All this have I seen, 
and applied my heart unto every work that is done under the sun : 
at a time wherein one man ruleth over another to his own hurt. And 

10 forsooth I have seen wicked men buried and gone, whilst others went 
forth from a holy place, yet were they forgotten in the city wherein 

11 they acted uprightly : this is also vanity. Because sentence against an 
evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of "the sons of 

12 men is fully set in them to do evil. Thougli a sinner do evil a hundred 
times, and his days be prolonged, yet surely 1 know that it shall be 

13 v/ell with them that fear God, because they feared him : But it shall 
not be well with the wicked, neither shall he prolong his days, which 

14 are as a shadow ; because he feareth not before God. There is a 
vanity which is done upon the earth ; that there are just 7nen, unto 
whom it happeneth according to the work of the wicked ; again, there 
are wicked men, to whom it happeneth according to the work of the 

' to know. 


15 righteous : I said that this also is vanity. Then I commended mirth, 
because a man hath no better thing under the sun, than to eat, and 
to drink, and to be merry : for that shall accompany him in his 
labour the days of his life, which God giveth him under the sun. 

16 When I applied my heart to know wisdom, and to see the business 
that is done upon the earth : (for also there is that neither day nor 

17 night seeth sleep with his eyes:) Then I beheld all the work of 
God, that a man cannot find out the work that is done under the 
sun : because though a man labour to seek it out, yet he shall not 
find it ; yea, farther ; though a wise man think to know it, yet shall 
he not be able to find it. 

1 Chap. ix. — For all this I considered in my heart even to explain all 
this, that the righteous, and the wise, and their works, are in the 
hand of God : no man knoweth either love or hatred ; this is marked 

2 oul lor them. All things come alike to all : there is one event to the 
righteous, and to the wicked ; to the good, and to the clean, and to 
the unclean; to him that sacrificeth, and to him that sacrificeth not: 
as is the good, so is the sinner ; and he that sweareth, as he that 

3 feareth an oath. This is an evil among all things that are done under 
the sun, that there is one event unto all : yea, also the heart of the 
sons of men is full of evil, and madness is in their heart while they 

4 live, and after that they go to the dead. For to him that is joined 
to all the living there is hope : for a living dog is better than the 

5 dead lion. For the living know that they shall die : but the dead 
know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward ; for 

6 the memory of them is forgotten. Also their love, and their 
hatred, and their envy, is now perished ; neither have they any more 

7 a portion for ever in any thing that is done under the sun. Go thy 
way, eat thy bread with joy, and drink thy wine with a merry heart ; 

8 for God hath long ago accepted thy works. Let thy garments be 

9 always white ; and let thy head lack no ointment. Live joyfully 
with the wife whom thou lovest all the days of the life of thy vanity, 
which he hath given thee under the sun, all the days of thy vanity : 
for that is thy portion in this life, and in thy labour which thou 

10 takest under the sun. Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it 
with thy might ; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor 

11 wisdom in the grave, whither thou goest. I returned, and saw 
under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the 
strong, neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of under- 
standing, nor yet favour to men of skill ; but time and chance hap- 


12 peneth to them all. For man also knoweth not his fate : as the fishes 
that are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the 
snare ; so are the sons of men snared in an evil time, when it falleth 

13 suddenly upon them. This wisdom have I seen also under the sun, 

14 and it seemed great unto me : There was a little city, and few men 
within it ; and there came a great king against it, and encompassed 

15 it, and built great bulwarks against it : Now there was found in it 
a poor wise man, and he by his wisdom delivered the city ; yet no 

10 man remembered that same poor man. Then said I, Wisdom is 
better than strength : nevertheless the poor man's wisdom is despised, 

17 and his words are not heard. The words of wise men are heard 

18 in quiet more than the cry of him that ruleth among fools. Wisdom 
is better than weapons of v/ar : but one sinner destroyeth much good. 

1 Chap, x.— Dead flies cause the ointment of the apothecary to send 
forth a stinking savour : so may a little folly him that is valued for 

2 wisdom and honour. A wise man's heart is at his right hand ; but 

3 a fool's heart at his left. Yea also, when he that is a fool walketh 
by the way, his wisdom faileth him, and he saith to every one that 

4 he is a fool. If the spirit of the ruler rise up against thee, leave not 

5 thy place ; for yielding pacifieth great offences. There is an evil 
which I have seen under the sun, as an error which proceedeth from 

6 the ruler : Folly is set in many high places, and the rich sit in the low 

7 place. I have seen servants upon horses, and princes walking as 

8 servants upon the earth. He that diggeth a pit shall fall into it; 

9 and whoso breaketh a fence, a serpent shall bite him. Whoso re- 
moveth stones shall be hurt therewith ; and he that cleaveth wood 

10 shall be endangered thereby. If the iron be blunt, and he do not 
whet the edge, then must he put to more strength : but wisdom 

1 1 teacheth the advantage of adapting. If the serpent will bite because 
there is no enchantment ; then there is no profit in a conjuror. 

12 The words of a wise man's mouth are gracious ; but the lips of a 

13 fool will swallow up himself. The beginning of the words of his 
mouth is foolishness : and the end of his talk is mischievous mad- 

14 ness. A fool also is full of words : a man cannot know what shall 

15 be ; and what shall be after him, who can tell him ? The labour of 
the fool wearieth him, because he knoweth not how to go to the city. 

16 Woe to thee, O land, when thy king is a child, and thy princes eat 

17 in the morning ! Blessed art thou, O land, when thy king is the 
son of nobles, and thy princes eat in due season, for strength, and 

18 not for drunkenness ! By much slothfulness the timber decayeth ; 
and through idleness of the hands the house droppeth through. 


19 A feast is made for laughter, and wine rejoiceth life : but money 

20 answereth all things. Execrate not the king, no not in thy thought ; 
and execrate not the rich in thy bedchambers : for a bird of the 
air shall carry the voice, and that which hath wings shall tell the 

1 Chap. xi. — Cast thy bread upon the waters : for thou shalt find it 

2 after many days. Give a portion to seven, and also to eight ; for 

3 thou knowest not what evil shall be upon the earth. If the clouds 
be full of rain, they empty themselves upon the earth : and if the 
tree fall towards the south, or towards the north, in the place where 

4 the tree falleth, there it shall be. He that observeth the wind shall 

5 not sow ; and he that regardeth the clouds shall not reap. As thou 
knowest not what is the way of the spirit, wor how the bones do grow 
in the womb of her that is with child : even so thou knowest not the 

6 woiks of God vv^ho maketh all. In the morning sow thy seed, and 
in the evening let thy hand not rest : for thou knowest not what 
shall prosper, either this or that, or whether they both shall he alike 

7 good. Truly the light is sweet, and a pleasant thing it is for the 

8 eyes to behold the sun : But if a man live many years, a/?^ rejoice in 
them all ; still let him remember the days of darkness ; for they shall 

9 be many. All that cometh is vanity. Rejoice, O young man, in thy 
youth, and let thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and 
walk in the ways of thy heart : but know thou, that for all these 

10 things God will bring thee into judgment. Therefore remove grief 
from thy heart, and put away evil from thy flesh : for childhood and 
youth are vanity. 

1 Chap. xii. — Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth, 
while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou 

2 shalt say, I have no pleasure in them ; While the sun, the light, 
the moon, and the stars, are not darkened, and the clouds return 

3 after the rain: On the day when the keepers of the house shall 
totter, and the men of valour wind themselves, and the grinders cease 
because they diminish, and they that look through the apertures are 

4 darkened ; And the double doors shall be shut in the markets 
when the sound of the grinding is low, and he shall rise up at the 
voice of the bird, and all the (laughters of song shall be brought 

5 low; And also when they shall be afraid of that which is high, and 
fear shall be in the way, and he shall reject the almond, and the 
locust shall lie heavy, and the stimulant shall fail : because man 
goeth to his long home, and the mourners go about the streets ; 

6 While the silver cord is not loosed, and the golden bowl broken, the 
pitcher broken at the fountain, the wheel broken at the cistern. 


7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was : and the spirit 

8 shall return unto God who gave it. Vanity of vanities, saith the 

9 preacher ; all is vanity. And the more the preacher exulted in 
wisdom, he continued to teach the people knowledge, gave good 

10 heed, and sought out and set in order many proverbs. And the 
preacher sought to find out desirable matters, also just records — 

11 words of truth. The words of the wise are as goads, and as nails fas- 
tened by the masters of assemblies, which are given by one shepherd. 

12 And further, by these, my son, be thou enlightened : of making many 
books there is no end: and much study is a weariness of the flesh. 

13 The conclusion of the oration sums up the whole : Fear God, and 

14 keep his commandments : for this is the whole duty of man. For 
God shall bring every work into judgment concerning every secret 
thing, whether it he good, or whether it he evil. 


1 Chap. i. — Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus, the same 
Ahasuerus who reigned, from Hodu even unto Cush, over a hun- 

2 dred and seven and twenty provinces : Ihat in those days, when 
the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in 

.3 Shushan the castle. In the third year of his reign, he made a feast 
unto all his ofScers and his servants ; the force of Persia and Media, 


4 the chiefs and officers of the provinces, being before him : When 
he shewed the riches and glory of his kingdom and the worth of the 
splendour of his greatness many days, even a hundred and four-score 

5 days. And when these days were expired, the king made a feast 
unto all the people that were present in Shushan the castle, both 
unto great and small, seven days, in the enclosure of the garden 

6 of the king's palace; Where were white, green, and blue purple 
hangings, fastened with cords of fine linen and red purple to silver 
cylinders and pillars of marble : the beds ivere q/'gold and silver, upon 

7 a pavement of bahat, and marble, and sochereth. And they gave 
them drink in vessels of gold, the vessels being diverse one 
from another, and royal wine in abundance, according to the state 

8 of the king. And the drinking according to the law was that none 
should compel: for so the king had appointed to all the officers of 
his house, that they should do according to every man's pleasure. 

9 Also Vasliti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal 

10 house which belonged to king Ahasuerus. On the seventh day, 
when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded 
Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and 
Carcas, the seven eunuchs that served in the presence of Aha- 

1 1 suerus the king. To bring Vashti the queen before the king with 
the crown royal, to shew the people and the princes her beauty : for 

12 she was fair to look on. But the queen Vashti refused to come at 
the king's commandment by his eunuchs : therefore was the 

13 king very wroth, and his anger burned in him. Then the king said 
to the wise men, who knew the times, for so ivas the king's man- 

14 ner towards all that knew law and judgment : And the next unto 
him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, 
and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw 

15 the king's face, and who sat the first in the kingdom ; What 
shall be done unto the queen Vashti according to law, because she 
hath not performed the commandment of the king Ahasuerus by the 

IG eunuchs? And Memucan answered before the king and the 
princes, Vashti the queen hath not done wrong to the king only, but 
also to all the princes, and to all the peoples that are in all the pro- 

17 vinces of the king Ahasuerus. For this deed of the queen shall 
come abroad unto all women, so that they shall despise their husbands 
in their eyes, when it shall be reported. The king Ahasuerus com- 
manded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she came 

18 not. Likewise shall the ladies of Persia and Media say this day unto 
all the king's princes, who have heard of the deed of the queen. 


19 Thus there shall arise contempt and wrath enough. If it please the 
king, let there go a royal commandment from him, and let it be written 
among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, which no one must 
transgress, That Vashti come no more before king Ahasuerus; and 
let the king give her royal estate unto another that is better than 

20 she. And when the king's decree which he shall make shall be 
published throughout all his empire, great as it is, all the wives shall 

21 give to their husbands honour, both to great and small. And the 
saying pleased the king and the princes; and the king did according 

22 to the word of Memucan : For he sent letters into all the king's 
provinces, into every province according to the writing thereof, and 
to every people after its language, that every man should bear rule 
in his own house, and speaking according to the language of his 

1 Chap, ii.— xAfter these things, when the wrath of king Ahasuerus 
subsided, he remembered Vashti, and what she had done, and what 

2 was decreed against her. Then said the king's servants that 
ministered unto him, Eet there be fair virgins sought for the king : 

3 And let the king appoint officers in all the provinces of his kingdom, 
that they may gather together all the fair young virgins unto 
Shushan the castle, to the house of the women, unto the custody of 
Hege the king's eunuch, keeper of the women : and let their ointments 

4 be given them : And let the maiden who pleaseth the king be queen 
instead of Vashti. And the thing pleased the king ; and he did so. 

5 Now in Shushan the castle there was a certain Jew, whose name was 
Mordecai, the son of J air, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a 

6 Benjamite: Who had been carried away from Jerusalem with the 
captivity which had been carried away with Jeconiah king of Judah, 

7 whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away. And 
he brought up Hadassah, that is, Esther, his uncle's daughter : for 
she had neither father nor mother, and the maid was fair and beau- 
tifid ; whom Mordecai, when her father and mother were dead, took 

8 for his own daughter. So it came to pass, when the king's com- 
mandment and his decree was heard, and when many maidens were 
gathered together unto Shusan the castle, to the custody of Hegai, 
that Esther was brought also unto the king's house, to the custody 

9 of Hegai, keeper of the women. And the maiden pleased him, 
and she obtained kindness of him : and he speedily gave her her 
ointments and her portions, and the seven maidens, ivho were meet 
to be given her, out of the king's house : and he preferred her and 

10 her maids unto the best ;-i/«ce of the house of the women. Esther 
had not declared her people nor her kindred : for Mordecai had 


1 1 charged her that she should not declare it. And Mordecai walked 
every day before the court of the women's house, to inquire after the 

12 welfare of Esther, and what should become of her. Now when 
every maid's turn was come to go in to king Ahasuerus, after that 
she had been twelve months, according to the regulatioir for the 
women, for so were the days of their purifications accomplished, to 
wit, six months with oil of myrrh, and six months with the spices, 

13 and with other ointments for the women: Then thus came 
every maiden unto the king ; whatsoever she desired was given her 
to go with her out of the house of the women unto the king's house. 

14 In the evening she went, and on the morrow she returned into the 
second house of the women, to the custody of Shaashgaz, the king's 
eunuch, who kept the concubines: she came in unto the king no 
more, except the king delighted in her, and that she were called by 

15 name. Now when the turn of Esther, the daughter of Abihail the 
uncle of Mordecai, who had taken her for his daughter, was come to 
go in unto the king, she required nothing but what Hegai the king's 
eunuch, the keeper of the women, appointed. And Esther obtained 

16 favour in the sight of all them that looked upon her. So Esther 
was taken unto king Ahasuerus into his house royal in the tenth 
month, which is the month Tebeth, in the seventh year of his 

17 reign. And the king loved Esther above all the women, and she 
obtained grace and favour in his sight more than all the virgins; so 
that he set the royal crown upon her head, and made her queen 

18 instead of Vashti. Then the king made a great feast unto all hi* 
princes and his servants, even Esther's feast; and he made a release 
to the provinces, and gave gifts, according to the state of the king. 

19 And when virgins were gathered together the second time, and 

20 Mordecai sat in the king's gate. — Esther had not yet declared her 
kindred or her people ; as Mordecai had charged her : for Esther 
did the commandment of Mordecai, like as M'hen she was brought 

21 up with him. — In those days, while Mordecai sat in the king's 
gate, two of the king's eunuchs, Bigthan and Teresh, of those who 
kept the door, were wroth, and sought to lay hand on the king 

22 Ahasuerus. And the thing was known to Mordecai, who told it 
unto h'sther the queen ; and Esther told the king thereof in Mor- 

23 decai's name. And when inquisition was made of the matter, it was 
found out ; therefore they were both hanged on a tree : and it was 
written in the book of the chronicles before the kinff. 


1 Chap. hi. — After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman 
the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and raised him, and set his 


seat above all the princes that were with him. And all the king's 
servants, that loere in the king's gate, bowed, and prostrated them- 
selves before Haman : for the king had so commanded concerning 

3 him. But Mordecai bowed not, nor prostrated himself. Then the 
king's servants, who were in the king's gate, said unto Mordecai, 

4 Why trangressest thou the king's commandment? Now it came to 
pass, when they spake daily unto him, and he hearkened not unto 
them, that they told Haman, to see whether Mordecai's matters 

5 would stand : for he had told them that he was a Jew. And when 
Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor prostrated himself 

G before him, then was Haman full of wrath. And he disdained to 
lay hands on Mordecai alone ; for they had named to him the people 
of Mordecai : wherefore Haman sought to exterminate all the Jews 
that loere throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the 

7 people of Mordecai. In the first month, that is the month Nisan, 
in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the 
let, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, to 

8 the twelfth month, that w, the month Adar. And Haman said unto 
king Ahasuerus, There is a certain people scattered abroad and dis- 
persed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom ; and 
their laws are diverse from all people ; neither keep they the king's 

9 laws : therefore it is not for the king's profit to suffer them. If it 
please the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed : and I 
will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those that 
have the charge of the business, to bring it into the king's treasuries. 

10 And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it unto Haman 

11 the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews' adversary, And 
the king said unto Haman, The silver is given to thee, the people 

12 also, to do with them as it seemeth good to thee. Then were the 
king's scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and 
there was v/ritten according to all that Haman had commanded unto 
the king's satrapes, and to the pashaws thai; were over every pro- 
vince, and to the princes of every people of every province according 
to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language ; in 
the name of king Ahasuerus was it written, and sealed with the king's 

13 ring. And the letters were sent by the runners into the king's pro- 
vinces, to exterminate, to kill, and to cause to perish, all Jews, both 
young and old, little children and women, in one day, even upon the 
thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month of Adar, 

14 and to taka the spoil of them for a prey. The copy of the writing 
for a commandment to be given in every province was published 
unto all the people, that they should be ready against that day. 


15 The runners went out, being urged by the king's commandmentj 
and the decree was given in Shushan the castle. And the king and 
Haman sat down to drink ; but the city Shushan was perplexed. 

1 Chap. iv. — When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai 
rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into 

2 the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and bitter cry ; And 
came even before the king's gate : for none might enter into the 

3 king's gate in a garment of sackcloth. And in every province, 
whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, there 
was great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and 

4 wailing ; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes. So Esther's maids 
and her eunuchs came and told it her. Then was the queen exceed- 
ingly distressed ; and she sent raiment to clothe Mordecai, and to 

5 take away his sackcloth from him : but he received it not. Then 
caDcJ Esther for Hatach, one of the king's eunuchs, whom he had 
appointed to attend upon her, and gave him a commandment for 

6 Mordecai, to know what it ivtis, and why it ivas. So Hatach went 
forth to Mordecai unto the street of the city, which was before the 

7 king's gate. And Mordecai told him of all that had happened unto 
him, and of the sum of money that Haman had promised to pay^ 

8 to the king's treasuries for the Jews, to destroy them. Also he gave 
him the copy of the writing of the decree that was given at Shushan 
to destroy them, to shew it unto Esther, and to declare it unto her, 
and to charge her thatishe should go in unto the king, to make sup- 
plication unto him, and to make request before him for her people. 

9 10 And Hatach came and told Esther the words of Mordecai. Again 
Esther spake unto Hatach, and gave him a commandment for Mor- 

II decai; All the king's servants, and the people of the king's pro- 
vinces, do know, that whosoever, whether man or woman, shall come 
unto the king into the inner court, who is not called, there is one 
law of his to put him to death, except such to whom the king shall 
hold out the golden sceptre, that he may live : but I have not been 



12 called to come in unto the king these thirty clays. And they told 

13 to Mordecai Esther's words. Then Mordecai said, to answer 
Esther, Think not with thyself that thou shalt escape in the king's 

14 house, more than all the Jews. For if thou altogether holdest thy 
peace at this time, then shall there enlargement and deliverance arise 
to the Jews from another place ; but thou and thy father's house 
shall be destroyed : and who knoweth whether thou art come to the 

15 kingdom for such a time as this ? Then Esther bade them return 

16 Mordecai this answer, Go. gather together all the Jews that are in 
Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, 
night or day : I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so will 
I go in unto the king, which is not according to the law : and if I 

17 perish, I perish. So Mordecai went his way, and did according to 
all that Esther had commanded him. 

1 Chap. v. — Now it came to pass on the third day, that Esther put 
on her royal apparel, and stood in the inner court of the king's house : 
and the king sat upon his royal throne in the royal house, over against 

2 the entrance into the house. And it was so, when the king saw Esther 
the queen standing in the court, that she obtained favour in his sight : 
and the king held out to Esther the golden sceptre tbat ivas in his 
hand. So Esther drew near, and touched the top of the sceptre. 

3 Then said the king unto her. What wilt thou, queen Esther ? and 
what is thy request ? it shall be even given thee to the half of the 

4 kingdom. And Esther answered. Hit seem good unto the king, let 
the king and Haman come this day unto the feast that I have pre- 

5 pared for him. Then the king said, Cause Haman to make haste, 
that he may do as Esther hath said. So the king and Haman came 

6 to the feast thas Esther had prepared. And the king said unto 
Esther at the feast of wine, What is thy petition ? and it shall be 
granted thee : and what is thy request ? even to the half of the king- 

7 dom it shall be performed. Then answered Esther, and said. My 

8 petition and my request is ; If I have found favour in the sight of 
the king, and if it please the king to grant my petition, and to per- 
form my request, let the king and Haman come to the feast that I 
shall prepare for them, and I will do to morrow as the king hath said. 

9 Then went Haman forth that day joyful and with a glad heart : but 
when Haman saw Mordecai in the king's gate, that he stood not up, 

10 nor moved for him, he was full of wrath against Mordecai. Nevei*- 
theless Haman refrained himself: and when he came home he sent 

11 and called for his friends, and Zeresh his wife. And Haman told 
them of the glory of his riches, and the multitude of his children, 
and all the things wherein the king had promoted him, and how he 


12 had raised him above the princes and servants of the king. Haman 
said moreover. Yea, Esther the queen did let no man come in with 
the king unto the feast that she had prepared but myself; and to 

13 morrow am I invited unto her also with the king. Yet all this 
availeth me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at 

14 the king's gate. Then said Zeresh his wife and all his friends unto 
him, Let a gallows be made of fifty cubits high, and to morrow speak 
thou unto the king that Mordecai may be hanged thereon : then go 
thou in merrily with the king unto the feast. And the thing pleased 
Haman ; and he caused the gallows to be made. 

1 Chap. vi. — On that night sleep fled from the king, and he com- 
manded to bring the book of records of the chronicles ; and they 

2 were read before the king. And it was found written, that Mordecai 
had iold of Bigthana and Teresh, two of the king's eunuchs, the 
keepers of the door, who sought to lay hand on the king Ahasuerus. 

3 And the king said. What honour and dignity hath been done to 
Mordecai for this ? Then said the king's servants that ministered 

4 unto him. There hath nothing been done for him. And the king 
said. Who is in the court ? Now Haman was come into the outward 
court of the king's house, to speak unto the king to hang Mordecai 

5 on the gallows that he had prepared for him. And the king's ser- 
vants said unto him. Behold, Haman standeth in the court. And 

6 the king said. Let him come in. So Haman came in. And the 
king said unto him. What shall be done unto the man whom the 
king delighteth to honour ? Now Haman thought in his heart, To 
whom would the king delight to do honour more than to myself? 

7 And Haman answered the king. For the man whom the king de- 

8 lighteth to honour. Let the royal apparel be brought which the 
king wore, and the horse that the king rode upon, when the crown 

9 royal was set upon his head : And let this garment and horse be 
delivered to the hand of one of the king's most noble princes, that 
they may array the man withal whom the king delighteth to honour, 
and bring him on horseback through the street of the city, and pro- 
claim before him thus, Thus shall it be done to the man whom the 

10 king delighteth to honour. Then the king said to Haman, Make haste, 
and take the apparel and the horse, as thou hast said, and do even 
so to Mordecai the Jew, that sitteth at the king's gate : let nothing 

1 1 fail of all that thou hast spoken. Then took Haman the apparel 
and the horse, and arrayed Mordecai, and brought him on horse- 

A 2 


back through the street of the city, and proclaimed before him, Thus 
shall it be done unto the man whom the king delighteth to honour. 

12 And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hasted to 

13 his house mourning, and having his head covered. And Haman told 
Zeresh his wife and all his friends every thing that had befallen him. 
Then said his wise men and Zeresh his wife unto him. If Mordecai 
be of the seed of the Jews, before whom thou hast begun to fall, thou 

14 shalt not prevail against him, but shalt surely fall before him. And 
while they were yet talking with him, came the king's eunuchs, and 
hasted to bring Haman unto the feast that Esther had prepared. 

1 Chap. vii. — So the king and Haman came to feast with Esther the 

2 qiieeu. And the king said again unto Esther on the second day at 
the feast of wine, V^hat is thy petition, queen Esther ? and it shall 
be granted thee : and what is thy request ? and it shall be performed, 

3 evtn to the half of the kingdom. Then Esther the queen answered 
and said. If I have found favour in thy sight, O king, and if it please 
the kin^, let my life be given roe at my petition, and my people at 

4 my request : For we are sold, I and my people, to be exterminated, 
to be slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold for bondmen 
ai;d bondwomen, I should have been silent, although the adversary 

5 could not countervail the king's damage. Then the king Ahasuerus 
answered and said unto Esther the queen, Who is he, and where is 

6 he, that durst presume in his heart to do so ? And Esther said, 
1 he adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman. Then Haman was 

7 afraid before the king and the queen. And the king arising from the 
feast of wine in his wrath went into the palace garden : and Haman 
stood up to make request for his life to Esther the queen ; for he saw 

8 that there was evil determined against him by the king. Then the 
king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the feast of 
wine ; and Haman was fallen upon the bed whereon Esther was. 
Then said the king, Will he force the queen also before me in the 
house ? As the word went out of the king's mouth, they covered 

9 Haman's face. And Harbonah, one of the eunuchs, said before the 
king, Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had 
made for Mordecai, who had spoken good for the king, standeth in 

10 the house of Haman. Then the king said. Hang him thereon. So 
they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mor- 
decai. Then the king's wrath subsided. 

1 Chap. viii. — On that day did the king Ahasuerus give the house of 
Haman the Jews' adversary unto Esther the queen. And Mordecai 


came before the king ; for Esther had told what he was unto her. 

2 And the king took off his ring, which he had taken from Haman, 
and gave it unto Mordecai. And Esther set Mordecai over the house 

3 of Haman. And Esther spake yet again before the king, and fell 
down at his feet, and wept and implored him to put away the mis- 
chief of Haman the Agagite, and his device that he had devised 

4 against the Jews. Then the king held out the golden sceptre to- 

5 wards Esther. So Esther arose, and stood before the king. And 
said, if it please the king, and if I have found favour in his sight, and 
the thing seejn right before the king, and I be pleasing in his eyes, 
let it be written to recall the letters devised by Haman the son of 
Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to destroy the Jews who 

6 are in all the king's provinces : For how can I endure to see the 
evil that shall come unto my people ? or how can I endure to see the 

7 dp'i'i ruction of my kindred ? Then the king Ahasuerus said unto Es- 
ther the queen and to Mordecai the Jew, Behold, I have given Esther 
the house of Haman, and him they have hanged upon the gallows, 

8 because he laid his hands upon the Jews. Write ye also for the 
Jews, as it liketh you, in the king's name, and seal ii with the king's 
ring : for the writing which is written in the king's name, and sealed 

9 with the king's ring, may no man recall. Then were the king's 
scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the month 
Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof ; and it was written 
according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the 
satrapes, and the pashaws and princes of the provinces who are from 
Hodu unto Cush, a hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every 
province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after 
their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and accord- 

10 ing to their language. And he wrote in the king Ahasuerus' name, 
and sealed it with the king's ring, and sent letters by the runners 
on the horses, and riders on the racers, mules, and young mares : 

11 Wherein the king granted the Jews who were in every city to gather 
themselves together, and to stand for their life, to exterminate, to slay, 
and to cause to perish, all the force of the people and province that 
would distress them, both little ones and women, and to lake the spoil 


12 of them for a prey. Upon one day in all the provinces of king Aha- 
suerus, namely, upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which 

13 is the month Adar. The copy of the writing for a commandment to 
be given in every province was published unto all peoples, and that 
the Jews should be ready against that day to avenge themselves on 

14 their enemies. So the runners that rode upon the racers and mules 
went out, being hastened and pressed on by the king's commandment. 

15 And the decree was given at Shushan the castle. And Mordecai 
went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue purple, 
and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a robe of tine 
linen and red purple : and the city of Shushan shouted and was glad. 

16 17 The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honour. And in 
every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king's command- 
ment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast 
and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews ; 
for the fear of the Jews fell upon them. 

1 Chap. ix. — Now in the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar, on 
the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and his 
decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies 
of the Jews hoped to have power over them — though it was turned 
to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over them that hated them — 

2 The Jews gathered themselves together in their cities throughout all 
the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, to lay hand on such as sought 
their hurt : and no man could withstand them ; for the fear of them 

3 fell upon all people. And all the princes of the provinces, and the 
satrapes, and the pashaws, and administrators of the king, raised 

4 the Jews ; because the fear of Mordecai fell upon them. For Mor- 
decai was great in the king's house, and his fame went out throughout 
the provinces : for this man Mordecai waxed greater and greater. 

5 Thus the Jews smote all their enemies with the stroke of the sword, 
and slaughter, and destruction, and did what they would unto those 

6 that hated them. And in Shushan the castle the Jews slew and de- 

7 stroyed five hundred men. And Parshandatha, and Dalphon, and As- 

8 9 patha. And Poratha, and Adalia, and Aridatha, And Parmashta, 


10 and Arisai, and Aridai, and Vajezatha, The ten sons of Haman the son 
of Hammedatha, the adversary of the Jews, slew they ; but on the spoil 

11 laid they not then* hand. On that day the number of those that 

12 were slain in Shushan the castle was brought before the king. And 
the king said unto Esther the queen, The Jews have slain and de- 
stroyed five hundred men in Shushan the castle, and the ten sons of 
Haman ; what have they done in the rest of the king^s provinces ? 
now what is thy petition ? and it shall be granted thee : or what is 

13 thy request further? and it shall be done. Then said Esther, If it 
please the king, let it be granted to the Jews who are in Shushan to 
do to-morrow also according unto this day's decree, and let Haman's 

14 ten sons be hanged upon the gallows. And the king commanded 
it so to be done ; and the decree was given at Shushan ; and they 

15 hanged Haman's ten sons. For the Jews that ivere in Shushan 
gathered themselves together on the fourteenth day also of the month 
Adar, and slew three hundred men at Shushan ; but on the prey they 

16 laid not their hand. But the other Jews that were in the king's pro- 
vinces gathered themselves together, and stood for their lives, and 
had rest from their enemies, and slew of their haters seventy and five 

17 thousand, but they laid not their hands on the prey. On the thir- 
teenth day of the month Adar ; and on the fourteenth day of the same 

18 rested they, and made it a day of feasting and gladness. But the 
Jews that ivere at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth day 
thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof ; and on the fifteenth day of 
the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness. 

19 Therefore the Jews of the villages, that dwelt in the unwalled towns, 
made the fourteenth day of the month Adar a day o/" gladness and 
feasting, and a good day, and of sending portions one to another. 

20 And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews 
that v;ere in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both nigh and 

21 far, To establish this among them, that they should keep the four- 
teenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same 

22 every year. As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, 
and the month which was turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and 
from mourning into a good day : that they should make them days of 
feasting and joy, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to 

23 the poor. And the Jews undertook to do as they had begun, and as 


24 Mordecai had written unto them ; Because Haman the son of Ham- 
medatha, the Agagite, the adversary of all the Jews, had devised 
against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, 

25 to confound them, and to destroy them ; But when Esther came 
before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked device, 
which he devised against the Jews, should return upon his own head, 

26 and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows. Where- 
fore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. Therefore 
for all the words of this letter, and of that which they had seen con- 

27 cerning this matter, and which had come unto them, The Jews 
established, and took upon them, and upon their seed, and upon all 
such as joined themselves unto them, so that none should transgress 
it, that they would keep these two days according to their writing, 

28 and according to their appointed time every year; And that these 
days should be remembered and kept throughout every generation, 
every family, every province, and every city ; and that these days of 
Purim should not fail from among the Jews, nor the memorial of 

29 them perish from their seed. Then Esther the queen, the daughter 
of Abihail, and Mordecai the Jew wrote with all authority, to confirm 

30 this second letter of Purim. And he sent the letters unto all the 
Jews, to the hundred twenty and seven provinces of the kingdom of 

31 Ahasuerus, with words of peace and truth, To confirm these days 
of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew 
and Esther the queen had established for them, and as they had 
established /or themselves and for their seed, the matters of the 

32 fastings and their cry. And the decree of Esther established these 
matters of Purim ; and it was written in the book. 

1 Chap. x. — And the king Ahasuerus laid a tribute upon the land, and 

2 upon the isles of the sea. And all the acts of his power and of his 
might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordecai, whereunto 
the king advanced him, are they not written in the book of the 

3 chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia ? For Mordecai the 
Jew was next unto king Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, 
and accepted of the multitude of his brethren, seeking the welfare of 
his people, and speaking peace to all his seed. 


1 Chap. 1. — In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of 
Judah, came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and 

2 besieged it. And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his 
hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God : which he carried 
into the land of Shinar to the house of his god ; and he brought the 

3 vessels into the treasure house of his god. And the king spake unto 
Ashphenaz the master of his eunuchs, that he should bring certain 
of the children of Israel, and of the king's seed, and of the nobles; 

4 Children in whom ivas no blemish, but well favoured, and skilful in 
all wisdom, and cunning in knowledge, and understanding science, 
and such as had ability in them to stand in the king's palace, and 
whom ,they might teach the books and the tongue of the Casdim. 

5 And the king appointed them a daily provision of the king's meat, 
and of the wine which he drank, and to bring them up three years, 

6 that at the end thereof they might stand before the king. Now 
among these were of the children of Judah, Daniel, Hananiah, 

7 Mishael, and Azariah : Unto whom the chief of the eunuchs gave 
names : for he gave unto Daniel the name of Belteshazzar ; and to 
Hananiah, of Shadrach ; and to Mishael, of Meshach ; and to Azariah, 

8 of Abed-nego. But Daniel purposed in hisheartthat he would not defile 
himself with the portion of the king's meat, nor with the wine which he 
drank : therefore he requested of the chief of the eunuchs that he 

9 might not defile himself Now God had brought Daniel into favour 

10 and grace with the chief of the eunuchs. And the chief of the 
eunuchs said unto Daniel, I fear my lord the king, who hath ap- 
pointed your meat and your drink : for wherefore should he see your 
faces sadder than the children who are of your sort ? then shall ye 

11 make 7ne forfeit my head to the king. Then said Daniel to the 
overseer, whom the chief of the eunuchs had set over Daniel, 

12 Hananiah, Mishael, and x'Yzariah, Prove now thy servants ten days; 

13 and let them give us pulse to eat, and water to drink. Then let our 
countenances be looked upon before thee, and the countenance of the 
children that eat of the portion of the king's meat : and as thou seest, 


1 4 deal with thy servants. So he consented to them in this matter, and 

15 proved them ten days. And at the end of ten days their counten- 
ances appeared fairer and fatter in flesh than all the children who 

16 did eat the portion of the king's meat. Thus the overseer took away 
the portion of their meat, and the wine that they should drink ; and 

17 gave them pulse. As for these children, to all four of them God gave 
knowledge and skill in every book and in wisdom : and Daniel had 

18 understanding in all visions and dreams. Now at the end of the days 
that the king had said he should bring them in, then the chief of 

19 the eunuchs brought them in before Nebuchadnezzar. And the king 
talked with them ; and among them all was found none like Daniel, 
Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah : therefore stood they before the 

20 king. And in all matters of wisdom and understanding, that the king 
enquired of them, he found them ten times better than all the 
engravers of hieroglyphics and magicians that were in all his 

21 kingdom. And Daniel continued even unto the first year of king 

1 Chap. ii. — And in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, 
Nebuchadnezzar dreamed dreams, wherewith his spirit was struck, and 

2 his sleep was gone from him. Then the king commanded to call the 
engravers of hieroglyphics, and the magicians, and the enchanters, 
and the Casdim, to tell the king his dreams. So they came, and 

3 stood before the king. And the king said unto them, I have 

4 dreamed a dream, and my spirit was struck to know the dream. Then 
spake the Casdim to the king in Syriac, O king, live for ever : tell 

5 thy servants the dream, and we will shew the interpretation. The 
king answered and said to the Casdim, The thing is gone from me : 
if ye will not make known unto me the dream, with the interpretation 
thereof, ye shall be cut in pieces, and your houses shall -be made a 

6 dunghill. But if ye shew the dream, and the interpretation thereof, 
ye shall receive of me gifts and rewards and great honour : therefore 

7 shew me the dream, and the interpretation thereof. They answered 
again and said, Let the king tell his servants the dream, and we will 

8 shew the interpretation of it. The king answered and said, I know 
of certainty that ye would gain time, because ye see the thing is gone 

9 from me. But if ye will not make known unto me the dream, tliere 
is but one decree for you: for ye have prepared lying and corrupt 
words to speak before me, till the time be changed : therefore tell me 
the dream, and I shall know that ye can declare me the interpretation 


10 thereof. The Casdim answered before the king, and said. There is 
not a man upon the earth that can declare the king's matter : there- 
fore there is no great and powerful king that asked such things at 

1 1 any engraver of hieroglyphics, enchanter, or Casdee. And it is a 
difficult thing that the king requireth, and there is none other that 
can tell it before the king, except the gods, whose dwelling is not 

12 with flesh. For this cause the king was angry and very furious, and 

13 commanded to destroy all the wise men of Babylon. And the decree 
went forth that the wise men should be slain ; and they sought 

14 Daniel and his fellows to be slain. Then Daniel answered with 
counsol and wisdom to Arioch, the captain of the king's guard, 

15 who was gone forth to slay the wise men of Babylon : He answered 
and said to Arioch, the king's captain. Why is the decree so strict 

16 from the king? then Arioch made the thing known to Daniel. Then 
Daniel went in, and desired of the king that he would give him time, 

17 itnd that he would tell the king the interpretation. Then Daniel 
went to his house, and made the thing known to Hananiah, Mishael, 

18 and Azariah, his fellows : That they would implore mercies from 
the God of heaven concerning this secret; that Daniel and his 
fellows should not perish with the rest of the wise men of Babylon. 

19 Then was the secret revealed unto Daniel in a night vision. Then 

20 Daniel blessed the God of heaven. Daniel answered and said. Blessed 
be the name of God for ever and ever : for wisdom and might are 

21 his : And he changeth the times and the seasons : he removeth 
kings, and setteth up kings : he giveth wisdom unto the wise, and 

22 knowledge to them that know understanding : He revealeth the 
deep and secret things : he knoweth what is in the darkness, and the 

23 light dwelleth with him. I thank thee, and praise thee, O thou God 
of my fathers, who hast given me wisdom and might, and hast made 
known unto me now what we desired of thee ; for thou hast note made 

24 known unto us the king's matter. Therefore Daniel went in unto 
Arioch, whom the king had ordained to destroy the wise men of Ba- 
bylon : he went and said thus unto him ; Destroy not the wise men 
of Babylon : bring me in before the king, and I will tell the king the 

25 interpretation. Then Arioch brought in Daniel before the king in 

B 2 


haste, and said thus unto him, I have found a man of the captives of 

26 Judah, that will make known unto the king the interpretation. The 
king answered and said to Daniel, whose name was Belteshazzar, Art 
thou able to make known unto me the dream which I have seen, and 

27 the interpretation thereof? Daniel answered in the presence of the 
king, and said, The secret which the king hath demanded cannot 
the wise meriy the enchanters, the engravers of hieroglyphics, the 

28 soothsayers, tell unto the king ; But there is a God in heaven that 
revealeth secrets, and maketh known to the king Nebuchadnezzar 
what shall be in the latter days. Thy dream, and the visions of thy 

29 head upon thy bed, are these; As for thee, O king, thy thoughts 
came into thy mind upon thy bed, what should come to pass here- 
after : and he that revealeth secrets maketh known to thee what shall 

30 come to pass. But as for me, this secret is not revealed to me for 
any wisdom that I have more than any living, but for their sakes 
that shall make known the interpretation to the king, and that thou 

31 mightest know the thoughts of thy heart. Thou, O king, sawest, 
and behold a great image. This great image, whose brightness was 

32 excellent, stood before thee ; and the form thereof was terrible. This 
image's head was of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his 

33 belly and his thighs of copper. His legs of iron, his feet part of iron 

34 and part of clay. Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without 
hands, which smote the image upon his feet that were of iron and 

35 clay, and brake them to pieces. Then was the iron, the clay, the 
copper, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and be- 
came like the chaff of the summer threshing-floors ; and the wind 
carried them away, that no place was found for them : and the stone 
that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole 

36 earth. This is the dream ; and we will tell the interpretation thereof 

37 before the king. Thou, O king, art a king of kings : for the God of 
heaven hath given thee a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory. 

38 And wheresoever the children of men dwell, the beasts of the field 
and the fowls of the heaven, hath he given into thy hand, and hath 

39 made thee ruler over them all. Thou art this head of gold. And 
after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee, and another 


third kingdom of copper, which shall bear rule over all the earth. 

40 And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron : forasmuch as iron 
breaketh in pieces and flatteneth all things: and as iron that breaketh 

41 all these shall it break in pieces and shatter. And whereas thou sawest 
the feet and toes, part of potters' clay, and part of iron, the kingdom 
shall be divided : but there shall be in it of the strength of the iron, 

42 forasmuch as thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay. And asihe 
toes of the feet ivere part of iron, and part of clay, so the kingdom 

43 shall be partly strong, and partly broken. And whereas thou sawest 
iron mixed with miry clay, they shall mingle themselves with the 
seed of men : but they shall not cleave one to another, even as iron 

44 is not mixed with clay. And in the days of these kings shall the 
God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: 
and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in 
pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever. 

*45 Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain 
without hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron, the copper, the 
clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God hath made known ta 
the king what shall come to pass hereafter : and the dream is cer- 

4G tain, and the interpretation thereof sure. Then the king Nebuchad- 
nezzar fell upon his face, and worshipped Daniel, and commanded 

47 that they should offer an oblation and sweet odours unto him. The 
king answered unto Daniel, and said. Of a truth it is, that your God 
is a God of gods, and a Lord of kings, and a revealer of secrets, 

48 seeing thou couldest reveal this secret. Then the king advanced 
Daniel, and gave him many great gifts, and made him ruler over the 
whole province of Babylon, and chief of the governors over all the 

49 wise men of Babylon. Then Daniel requested of the king, and he 
set Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, over the affairs of the pro- 
vince of Babylon : but Daniel sat in the gate of the king. 

Chap. hi. — Nebuchadnezzar the king made an image of gold, whose 
height was threescore cubits, rmd the breadth thereof six cubits : he 
set it up in the plain of Dura, in the province of Babylon. Then 
Nebuchadnezzar the king sent to gather together the satraps, 
the governors, and thepashaws, the chief justices, the treasurers, the 
counsellors, the judges, and all the rulers of the provinces, to 
come to the dedication of the image which Nebuchadnezzar the 



3 king had set up. Then the satraps, the governors, and pashaws, 
the chief justices, the treasurers, the counsellors, the judges, 
and all the rulers of the provinces, were gathered together unto 
the dedication of the image that Nebuchadnezzar the king had 
set up ; and they stood before the image that Nebuchadnezzar had set 

4 up. Then a herald cried aloud, To you it is commanded, O peoples, 

5 nations, and languages. That at what time ye hear the sound of the 
cornet, pipe, harp, sackbut, psaltery, bagpipe, and all kinds of music, 
ye fall down and worship the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the 

6 king hath set up : And whoso falleth not down and worshippeth 
shall the same hour be cast into the midst of a burning fiery furnace, 

7 Therefore at that time, when all the peoples heard the sound of the 
cornet, pipe, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and all kinds of music, all the 
peoples, the nations, and the languages, fell down and worshipped the 

8 golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up. Wherefore 
at that time certain Casdim came near, and slandered the Jews. 

9 They spake and said to the king Nebuchadnezzar, O king, live for 

10 ever. Thou, O king, hast made a decree, that every man that shall 
hear the sound of the cornet, pipe, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and bag- 
pipe, and all kinds of music, shall fall down and worship the golden 

11 image : And whoso falleth not down and worshippeth, that he should 

12 be cast into the midst of a burning fiery furnace. There are certain 
Jews whom thou hast set over the aflairs of the province of Babylon, 
Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego ; these men, O king, have not 
regarded thee : they serve not thy gods, nor worship the golden 

13 image which thou hast set up. Then Nebuchadnezzar in his rage 
and fury commanded to bring Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego. 

14 Then they brought these men before the king. Nebuchadnezzar 
spake and said unto them. Is it design, G Shadrach, Meshach, and 
Abed-nego ? ye do not serve my gods, nor worship the golden image 

15 which I have set up. Now if ye be ready that at what time ye hear 
the sound of the cornet, pipe, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and bagpipe, 
and all kinds of music, ye fall down and worship the image which I 


have made ; tbell: but if ye worship not, ye shall be cast the same 

hour into the midst of a burning fiery furnace ; and who is that God 

IG that shall deliver you out of my hands ? Shadrach, Meshach, and 

Abed-nego, answered and said to the king, O Nebuchadnezzar, we 

17 are not careful to answer thee in this matter. If it be so, our God 
whom we serve is able to deliver us from the burning fiery furnace, 

18 and he will deliver us out of thy hand, O king. But if not, be it 
known unto thee, O king, that we will not serve thy gods, nor wor- 

19 ship the golden image which thou hast set up. Then was Nebu- 
chadnezzar full of fury, and the form of his visage was changed 
against Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego : therefore he spake 
and commanded that they should heat the furnace at once seven times 

20 more than it was wont to be heated. And he commanded the most 
mighty men that were in his army to bind Shadrach, Meshach, and 

21 Abed-nego, awe? to cast them into the burning fiery furnace. Then 
the>e men were bound in their hosen, their tunics, and their head 
coverings, and their other garments, and were cast into the midst of 

22 the burning fiery furnace. Therefore because the king's command- 
ment was urgent, and the furnace exceeding hot, the flame of the 
fire destroyed those men that took up Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed- 

23 nego. And these three men, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, 

24 fell down bound into the midst of the burning fiery furnace. Then 
Nebuchadnezzar the king was astonished, and rose up in terror, and 
spake, and said unto his counsellors, Did not we cast three men bound 
into the midst of the fire ? They answered and said unto the king, 

25 True, O king. He answered and said, Lo, I see four men loose, 
walking in the midst of the fire, and they have no hurt ; and the form 

2G of the fourth is like a son of gods. Then Nebuchadnezzar the king 
came near to the mouth of the burning fiery furnace, and spake, and 
said, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, ye servants of the most 
high God, come forth, and come hither. Then Shadrach, Meshach, 

27 and Abed-nego, came forth of the midst of the fire. And the satraps, 
governors, and pashaws, and the king's counsellors, being gathered 
together, saw these men, upon whose bodies the fire had no power. 


nor was a hair of their liead singed, neither were their hosen changed, 

28 nor the smell of fire had passed on them. Then Nebuchadnezzar 
spake, and said, Blessed be the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and 
Abed-nego, who hath sent his angel, and delivered his servants that 
trusted in him, and have changed the king's word, and yielded their 
bodies, that they might not serve nor worship any god, except their 

29 own God. Therefore, a decree proceeds from me, That every people, 
nation, and language, which speak anything amiss against the God 
of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, shall be cut in pieces, and 
their houses shall be made a dunghill: because there is no other 

30 God that can deliver like this. Then the king promoted Shadrach, 

31 Meshach, and Abed-nego, in the province of Babylon. Nebuchad- 
nezzar the king, unto all peoples, nations, and languages, that dwell 

32 in all the earth ; peace be multiplied unto you. I thought it good to 
declare the signs and wonders that the high God hath wrought to- 

33 wards me. How great are his signs? and how mighty are his 
wonders ! his kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and his dominion 
is from generation to generation. 

1 Chap. iv. — I Nebuchadnezzar v/as at rest in my house, and flourish- 

2 ing in my palace : I saw a dream which made me afraid, and the con- 
ceptions upon my bed and the visions of my head troubled me. 

3 Therefore a decree proceeded from me, to bring in all the* wise men 
of Babylon before me, that they might make known unto me the 

4 interpretation of the dream. Then came in the engravers of hiero- 
glyphics, the enchanters, the Casdim, and the soothsayers : 
and I told the dream before them ; but they did not make 

5 known unto me the interpretation thereof. But at the last Daniel 
came in before me, whose name is Belteshazzar, according to the 
name of my God, and in whom is the spirit of the holy gods : and 

G before him I told the dream, saying, O Belteshazzar, master of the 
engravers of liieroglyphics, because I know that the spirit of the holy 
gods is in thee, and no secret troubleth thee, tell me the visions of 

7 my dream that I have seen, and the interpretation thereof. Thus 
were the visions of my head in my bed ; T saw, and behold a tree in 

8 the midst of the earth, and the height thereof loas great. The tree 
grew, and was strong, and the height thereof reached unto heaven, 

9 and the sight thereof to the end of all the earth : The foliage thereof 
was fair, and the fruit thereof much, and in it xcas meat for all : the 
beasts of the field had shadow under it, and the fowls of the heaven 


It) dwelt in the boughs thereof, and all flesh was fed of it. I saw in th6 
visions of my head upon my bed, and, behold, a watcher and a holy 

11 one came down from heaven ; He cried J^z'/A might, and said thus, 
Hew down the tree, and cut off its branches, shake off its foliage, and 
scatter its fruit : let the beasts get away from under it, and the fowls 

12 from its branches : Nevertheless leave the stump of its roots in the 
earth, even with a band of iron and copper, in the tender grass of the 
field ; and let it be wet with the dew of heaven, and let its portion be 

13 with the beasts in the grass of the earth : Let his heart be changed 
from man's, and let a beast's heart be given unto him ; and let seven 

14 times pass over him. This matter is by the decree of the watchers, 
and the demand by the word of the holy ones : to the intent that the 
living may know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, 
and giveth it to whomsoever he will, and setteth up over it the basest 

15 of men. This dream 1 king Nebuchadnezzar have seen. Now thou, 
O oelteshazzar, declare the interpretation thereof, forasmuch as all 
the wise men of my kingdom are not able to make known unto me 
the interpretation : but thou ai't able ; for the spirit of the holy gods 

IG is in thee. Then Daniel, whose name was Belteshazzar, was asto- 
nished for one hour, and his thoughts troubled him. The king spake, 
and said, Belteshazzar, let not the dream, or the interpretation 
thereof, trouble thee. Belteshazzar answered and said. My lord, the 
dream be to them that hate thee, and the interpretation thereof to 

17 thine enemies. The tree that thou sawest, which grew, and was 
strong, whose height reached unto the heaven, and the sight thereof 

18 to all the earth ; Whose foliage was fair, and the fruit thereof much, 
and in it ivas meat for all ; under which the beasts of the field dwelt, 
and upon whose branches the fowls of the heaven had their habita- 

19 tion : It is thou, O king, that art grown and become strong: for 
thy greatness is grown, and reacheth unto heaven, and thy dominion 

20 to the end of the earth. And whereas the king saw a watcher and a 
holy one coming down from heaven, and saying. Hew the tree down, 
and destroy it ; yet leave the stump of the roots thereof in the earth, 
even with a band of iron and copper, in the tender grass of the field ; 
and let it be wet with the dew of heaven, and let its portion be with 

21 the beasts of the field, till seven times pass over him ; This is the 
interpretation, O king, and this is the decree of the most High, 


22 which is come upon my lord the king : That they shall drive thee 
from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field, and 
they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and they shall wet thee 
with the dew of heaven, and seven times shall pass over thee, till thou 
know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth 

23 it to whomsoever he will. And whereas they commanded to leave 
the stump of the tree roots ; thy kingdom shall be sure unto thee, after 

24 that thou shalt have known that the heavens do rule. Wherefore, O 
king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by 
righteousness, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor ; if 

25 it be a lengthening of thy tranquillity. All this came upon the king 

26 Nebuchadnezzar. At the end of twelve months he walked in the 

27 palace of the kingdom of Babylon. The king spake, and said, Is not 
this great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom, by 

28 the might of my power, and for the honour of my majesty ? While 
the word was in the king's mouth, there fell a voice from heaven, 
saying, O king Nebuchadnezzar, to thee it is spoken ; The kingdom 

29 is departed from thee. And they shall drive thee from men, and thy 
dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field : they shall make thee 
to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou 
know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth 

30 it to whomsoever he will. The same hour was the thing fulfilled 
upon Nebuchadnezzar : and he was driven from men, and did eat 
grass as oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven, till his 
hairs were grown like edi^es' feathers, and his nails like birds' claws. 

31 And at the end of the days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine eyes 
unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed 
the most High, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, 
whose dominion is an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom is from 

32 generation to generation : And all the inhabitants of the earth are 
reputed as nothing : and he doeth according to his will in the army of 
heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth : and none can stay 

33 his hand, or say unto him. What doest thou ? At the same time 
my reason returned unto me ; and for the glory of my kingdom, mine 


honour and brightness returned unto me ; and my counsellors and 
my lords sought unto me ; and I was established in my kingdom, and 
34 excellent majesty was added unto me. Now I Nebuchadnezzar 
praise and extol and honour the King of heaven, all whose works are 
truth, and his ways judgment : and those that walk in pride he is 
able to abase. 

1 Chap. v. — Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of 

2 his lords, and drank wine before the thousand. Belshazzar, whilst 
under the influence of the wine, commanded to bring the golden and 
silver vcisels which his father Nebuchadnezzar had taken out of the 
temple which was in Jerusalem ; that the king, and his princes, his 

3 wives, and his concubines, might drink therein. Then they brought 
the golden vessels that were taken out of the temple of the house of 
God which ivas at Jerusalem : and the king, and his princes, his 

4 wi , es, and his concubines, drank in them. They drank wine, and 
praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of copper, of iron, of wood, 

5 and of stone. In the same hour came forth fingers of a man's hand, 
and wrote over against the candlestick upon the plaister of the wall 
of the king's palace : and the king saw the part of the hand that 

6 wrote. Then the king's countenance was changed, and his thoughts 
troubled him, so that the joints of his loins were loosed, and his 

7 knees smote one against another. The king cried with might to 
bring in the enchanters, the Casdim, and the soothsayers. And the 
king spake, and said to the wise men of Babylon, Whosoever shall 
read this writing, and tell me the interpretation thereof, shall be 
clothed with red purple, and have an ornament of gold about his neck, 

8 and shall be the third ruler in the kingdom. Then came in all the 
king's wise men: but they could not read the writing, nor make 

9 known to the king the interpretation thereof. Then was the king 
Belshazzar greatly troubled, and his countenance was changed in him, 

10 and his lords were confounded. Noto the queen, by reason of the 
words of the king and his lords, came into the banquet house : and 
the queen spake and said, O king, live for ever : let not thy thoughts 

11 trouble thee, nor let thy countenance be changed: There is a man 
in thy kingdom in whom is the spirit of the holy gods ; and in the 
days of thy father light, and understanding, and wisdom, like the 
wisdom of the gods, was found in him ; whom the king Nebuchad- 
nezzar thy father, the king, / say, thy father, made master of the 
engravers of hieroghjphics, enchanters, Casdim, and soothsayers. 

c 2 


12 Forasmuch as an excellent spirit, and knowledge, and understanding, 
interpreting of dreams, and explaining of hard sentences, and untying 
of knots, were found in the same Daniel, whom the king named Bel- 
teshazzar: now let Daniel be called, and he will tell the interpretation. 

13 Then was Daniel brought in before the king. And the king spake 
and said unto Daniel, Art thou that Daniel who art of the children 
of the captivity of Judah, whom the king my father brought out of 

14 Jewry? I have even heard of thee, that the spirit of the gods is in 
thee, and that light and understanding and excellent wisdom is found 

15 in thee. And now the wise men, the enchanters, have been brought 
in before me, that they should read this writing, and make known 
unto me the interpretation thereof: but they could not tell the interpre- 

16 tation of the thing : And I have heard of thee, that thou canst make 
interpretations, and untie knots : now if thou canst read the writing, 
and make known to me the interpretation thereof, thou shalt be 
clothed with red purple, and have an ornament of gold about thy 

17 neck, and shalt be the third ruler in the kingdom. Then Daniel 
answered and said before the king. Let thy gifts be to thyself, and 
give thy rewards to another : yet I will read the writing unto the king, 

18 and make known to him the interpretation. O thou king, the most 
high God gave Nebuchadnezzar thy father a kingdom, and majesty, 

19 and glory, and honour : And for the majesty that he gave him, all 
peoples, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him : 
whom he would he slew ; and whom he would he kept alive ; and 

20 whom he would he set up ; and whom he would he put down. But 
when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was 
deposed from his kingly throne, and they took his glory from him : 

21 And he was driven from the sons of men ; and his heart was made 
like the beasts, and his dwelling was with the wild asses : they fed 
him with grass like oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of 
heaven : till he knew that the most high God ruled in the kingdom of 

22 men, and that he appointeth over it whomsoever he will. And thou, 
his son, O Belshazzar, hast not humbled thy heart, though thou 

23 knewest all this ; But hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of 
heaven ; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee. 


and thou, and thy lords, thy wives, and thy concubines, have drunk 
wine in them ; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of 
copper, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know : 
and the God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy 

24 ways, hast thou not glorified : Then was the part of the hand sent 

25 from him ; and this writing was written. And this is the writing 

26 that was written : MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN. This 
is the interpretation of the thing : MENE ; God hath numbered thy 

27 kingdom, and finished it. TEKEL ; Thou wast weighed in the 

28 balances, and wast found wanting. PERES ; Thy kingdom is di- 

29 vided, ^.nd given to the Medes and Persians. Then commanded 
Belshazzar, and they clothed Daniel with red scarlet, and put an 
ornament of gold about his neck, and made a proclamation concern- 

30 ing him, that he should be the third ruler in the kingdom. In that 
night was Belshazzar the king of the Casdim slain. 

1 Chap. vi. — And Darius the Median took the kingdom, being three- 

2 score and two years old. It pleased Darius to set over the kingdom 
a hundred and twenty princes, who should be over the whole king- 

3 dom : And over these three presidents ; of whom Daniel was first : 
that the satraps might give accounts unto them, and the king should 

4 have no damage. Then this Daniel was preferred above the presi- 
dents and satraps, because an excellent spirit was in him ; and the 

5 king thought to set him over the whole realm. Then the presidents 
and satraps sought to find occasion against Daniel concerning the 
kingdom ; but they could find none occasion nor fault ; forasmuch 
as he was faithful, neither was there any error or fault found in him. 

6 Then said these men, We shall not find any occasion against this 
Daniel, except we find it against him concerning the law of his God. 

7 Then the presidents and satraps urged upon the king, and said thus 

8 unto him. King Darius, live for ever. All the presidents of the 
kingdom, the governors, and the satraps, the counsellors, and the 
pashaws, have consulted together to establish a royal statute, and to 
make a firm decree, that whosoever shall ask a petition of any god or 
man for thirty days, save of thee, O king, he shall be cast into the 


9 den of lions. Now, O king, establish the decree, and sign the writing, 
that it be not changed, according to the law of the Medes and Per- 

10 sians, which altereth not. "Wherefore king Darius signed the 

1 1 writing and the decree. Now when Daniel knew that the writing- 
was signed, he went into his house ; and his windows being open in 
his chamber towards Jerusalem, he kneeled upon his knees three 
times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did 

12 aforetime. Then these men pressed in, and found Daniel praying 

13 and making supplication before his God. Then they came near, and 
spake before the king concerning the king's decree ; Hast thou not 
signed a decree, that every man that shall ask a petition of any God 
or man within thirty days, save of thee, O king, shall be cast into the 
den of lions? The king answered and said, The thing is true, 
according to the law of the Medes and Persians, which altereth not. 

14 Then answered they and said before the king, That Daniel, who is of 
the children of the captivity of Judah, regardeth not thee, O king, 
nor the decree that thou hast signed, but maketh his petition three 

15 times a day. Then the king, when he heard these words, was sore 
displeased with himself, and set his heart on Daniel to deliver him : 

16 and he laboured till the going down of the sun to deliver him. Then 
these men urged upon the king, and said unto the king, Know, O 
king, that the law of the Medes and Persians is. That no decree nor 

17 statute which the king establisheth may be changed. Then the king 
commanded, and they brought Daniel, and cast him into the den 
of lions. Now the king spake and said unto Daniel, Thy God 

18 whom thou servest continually, he will deliver thee. And a stone 
was brought, and laid upon the mouth of the den ; and the king sealed 
it with his own signet, and with the signet of his lords ; that the pur- 

19 pose might not be changed concerning Daniel. Then the king went 
to his palace, and passed the night fasting : neither were instruments 

20 of music brought before him : and his sleep went from him. Then 
the king arose very early in the morning, and went in haste unto the 

21 den of lions. And when he came to the den, he cried with a lament- 
able voice unto Daniel : and the king spake and said to Daniel, O 
Daniel, servant of the living God, is thy God, whom thou servest 


22 continually, able to deliver thee from the lions? Then said Daniel 

23 unto the king, O king, live for ever. My God hath sent his angel, 
and hath shut the lions' mouths, that they have not hurt me : foras- 
much as before him innocency was found in me ; and also before 

24 thee, O king, have I done no hurt. Then was the king exceeding 
glad for him, and commanded that they should take Daniel up out 
of the den. So Daniel was taken up out of the den, and no manner 

25 of hurt was found upon him, because he believed in his God. And 
the king commanded, and they brought those men who had slandered 
Daniel, and they cast them into the den of lions, them, their children, 
and theji' wives; and the lions had the mastery of them, and brake 
all their bones to pieces or ever they came to the bottom of the den. 

2G Then king Darius wrote unto all peoples, nations, and languages, 

27 that dwell in all the earth ; Peace be multiplied unto you. I make 
a decree, That in every dominion of my kingdom men tremble and 
fea: before the God of Daniel : for he is the living God, and stedfast 
for ever, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed, and his 

28 dominion shall be even unto the end. He delivereth and rescueth, 
and he worketh signs and wonders in heaven and in earth, who hath 

29 delivered Daniel from the power of the lions. So this Daniel pros- 
pered in the reign of Darius, and in the reign of Cyrus the Persian. 

1 Chap. vii. — In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babel, Daniel had 
a dream and visions of his head upon his bed : then he wrote the 

2 dream, and told the sum of the matters. Daniel spake and said, I 
saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the heaven 

3 strove upon the great sea. And four great beasts came up from the 

4 sea, diverse one from another. The first uas like a lion, and had 
eagle's wings : I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was 
lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and 

5 a man's heart was given to it. And, behold, another beast, a second, 
like to a bear, and it was raised up on one side, and it had three ribs 
in the mouth of it between the teeth of it : and they said thus unto 

6 it. Arise, devour much flesh. After that I beheld, and lo another, 
like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four v^ings of a fowl ; 

7 the beast had also four heads ; and dominion was given to it. After 
this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful 


and terrible ; and strong exceedingly ; and it had great iron teeth : it 
devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet 
of it : and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it ; and 

8 it had ten horns. I considered the horns, and, behold, there came 
up among them another little horn, before which there were three of 
the first horns plucked up by the roots : and, behold, in this horn 
were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things. 

9 I beheld till thrones were placed, and the Ancient of days did sit, 
whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like pure 
wool : his thrones were like the fiery flames, and the wheels thereof 

10 as burning fire. A fiery stream issued and came forth from before 
him : thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand 
times ten thousand stood before him : the judgment was set, and the 

11 books were opened. I beheld then because of the voice of the great 
words which the horn spake : I beheld even till the beast was slain, 

1 2 and its body destroyed, and given to the burning flame. As concern- 
ing the rest of the beasts, they had their dominion taken away : yet 
a prolongation of their lives was granted to them for a season and 

J 3 time. I saw in the night visions, and, behold, he came like a son of 
man with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, 

14 and they brought him near before him. And there was given him 
dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all peoples, nations, and 
languages, should serve him : his dominion is an everlasting dominion, 
which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be 

15 destroyed. I Daniel was grieved in my spirit in the midst of my body, 

16 and the visions of my head troubled me. I came near unto one of 
them that stood by, and asked him the certainty of all this. So he 

17 told me, and made me know the interpretation of the things. These 
great beasts, which are four, are four kings, which shall arise out of 

18 the earth. But the saints of the most High shall receive the king- 

19 dom for ever, even for ever and ever. Then I would know a certainty 
about the fourth beast, which was diverse from all the others, exceed- 
ing dreadful, whose teeth were of 'won, and its nails o/* copper ; which 
devoured, brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with its feet ; 

20 And about the ten horns that were in its head, and of the other 


which came up, and before which three fell ; even of that horn that 
had eyes, and a mouth that spake very great things, whose look was 

21 more stout than its fellows. I beheld, and the same horn made war 

22 with the saints, and prevailed against them ; Until the Ancient of 
days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most High ; 

23 and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom. Thus he 
said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which 
shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, 

24 and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces. And the ten horns 
out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise : and another shall 
rise after them ; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall 

25 lower three kings. And he shall utter speeches against the most 
High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to 
change times and laws : and they shall be given into his hand until 

26 a time and times, and the half of a time. And one shall sit in judg- 
ment, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to 

27 destroy it unto the end. And the kingdom and dominion, and the 
greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to 
the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom i& an ever- 

28 lasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him. Hi- 
therto is the end of the matter. As for me Daniel, my cogitations 
much troubled me, and my countenance changed in me : but I kept 
the matter in my heart. 

1 Chap. viii. — In the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar a 
vision appeared unto me, even unto me Daniel, after that which 

2 appeared unto me at the first. And I saw in the vision ; and it came 
to pass, when I saw, that I was at Shushan in the castle, which is 
in the province of Elam ; and I saw in the vision, and [ was by the 

3 river of Ulai. Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, 
there stood before the river a ram which had two horns : and the 
two horns were high ; but one was higher than the other, and the 

4 higher came up last. I saw the ram pushing westward, and north- 
ward, and southward : so that no beasts might stand before it, neither 
was there any that could deliver out of its hand; but it did according 

5 to its will, and became great. And as I was considering, behold, a 
he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and 
touched not the ground : and the goat had a notable horn between 

6 its eyes. And it came to the ram that had two horns, which I had 
seen standing before the river, and ran unto it in the fury of its 

7 power. And 1 saw him come close unto the ram, and he was em- 


bittered against it, and smote the ram, and brake its two horns : and 
there was no power in the ram to stand before it, but it cast him 
down to the ground, and stamped upon it : and there was none that 

8 could deliver the ram out of its hand. Therefore the he goat waxed 
very great : and when it was strong, the great horn was broken : and 
for it came up four notable ones towards the four winds of heaven. 

9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed 
exceeding great, towards the south, and towards the east, and 

10 towards the pleasant land. And it waxed great, even to the host of hea- 
ven ; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, 

1 1 and stamped upon them. Yea, he magnified himself even to the 
prince of the host, and by him the continual sacrifice was taken away, 

12 and the establishment of his sanctuary was cast oif. And a host was 
given him against the continual sacrifice by reason of transgression, 
and it cast down truth to the ground ; and it laboured on, and pros- 

13 pered. Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto 
that certain saint who spake. How long shall be the vision concern- 
ing the continual sacrifice, whilst the transgression is desolating, to 

14 give both sanctuary and host to be trodden under foot ? And he 
said unto me. Unto the evening of the morning, two thousand and 

15 three hundred; then shall the sanctuary be justified. And it came 
to pass, when I, even I Daniel, had seen the vision, and sought for 
understanding, then, behold, there stood before me as the appearance 

16 of a man. And I heard a man's voice between the banks of Ulai, 
which called, and said, Gabriel, make this man to understand the 

17 appearance. So he came near to where I stood: and when he came, 
1 was terrified, and fell upon my face ; but he said unto me. Under- 
stand, O son of man : for to the time of the end points the vision. 

18 Now as he was speaking with me I fell in stupefaction, with my face 
towards the ground : but he touched me, and set me upright. And he 
said. Behold I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of 

20 the indignation : for at the time appointed the end shall be. The ram 
which thou sawest having two horns a7'e the kings of Media and Persia. 

21 And the shaggy goat is the king of Greece ; and the great horn 

22 that is between its eyes is the first king. Now that being broken, 
whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the 

23 nation, but not in its power. And in the latter time of their 
kingdom, when the transgressors are come to an end, a king of 
fierce countenance, and understanding acute sentences, shall stand 

24 up. And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power : 
and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and act, and shall 

25 destroy the mighty and a people of saints. And through his policy 
also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand ; and he shall magnify 
him'ief in his heart, and in peace shall destroy many : he shall also 
stand up against the heart of priaces; but he shall be broken with- 

26 out hand. And the appearance of the evening and the morning 


whiph was spoken of is true : wherefore shut thou up the vision ; for 
27 it shall be for many days. And I Daniel fainted, and was sick certain 
days ; afterwards i rose up, and did the king's business ; and I was 
astonished at the appearance, but none understood it. 

1 Chap. ix. — In the first year of Darius the son of x\hasuerus, of 
Median seed, who was made king over the kingdom of the Casdim. 

2 In the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by the books the 
number of the years, whereof the word of the Eternal came to Jere- 
miah that he would let pass^ seventy years over the ruins of Jerusalem. 

3 And I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and suppli- 

4 cations, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes : And I prayed unto 
the Eternal my God, and made my confession^ and said, O Lord, 
the great and dreadful God, keeping the covenant and mercy to them 

5 that love him, and to them that keep his commandments ; We have 
sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and 
have rebelled, even by departing from thy precepts and from thy judg- 

6 ments : Neither have we hearkened unto thy servants the prophets, 
who spake in thy name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, 

7 and to all the people of the land. O Lord, righteousness belongeth 
unto thee, but unto us confusion of the faces, as at this day; 
to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto 
all Israel, that are near, and that are far off, through all the coun- 
tries whither thou hast driven them, because of their trespass that 

8 they have trespassed against thee. O Eternal, to us belongeth con- 
fusion of the face, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, 

9 because we have sinned against thee. To the Eternal our God 
belong the mercies and the forgiveness, though we have rebelled 

10 against him ; Neither have we obeyed the voice of the Eternal our 
God, to walk in his laws, which he set before us by his servants the 

11 prophets. Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy law, even by de- 
parting, that they might not obey thy voice ; therefore the curse is 
poured upon us, and the oath that is written in the law of Moses 

12 the servant of God, because we have sinned against him. And he 
hath confirmed his words, which he spake against us, and against our 
judges that judged us, by bringing upon us a great evil : for under 
the whole heaven hath not been done as hath been done upon Jeru- 

13 salem. As it is written in the law of Moses, all this evil is come 
upon us : yet did we not make entreaty before the Eternal our God, 
that we might turn from our iniquities, and consider thy truth. 

14 Therefore hath the Eternal diligently watched upon the evil, and 
brought it upon us : for the Eternal our God is righteous in all his 

' luliil. 


15 works which he doeth : for we obeyed not his voice. And now, O 
Lord our God, that hast brought thy people forth out of the land of 
Egypt with a strong hand, and hast made thyself a name, as at this 

] 6 day ; we have sinned, we have done wickedly. O Eternal, according 
to all thy righteousness, pray, let thine anger and thy fury be turned 
away from thy city Jerusalem, the mountain of thy holiness : because 
for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and thy 

17 people are become a reproach to all that are about us. Now therefore, 

our God, hear the prayer of thy servant, and his supplications, and 

16 cause thy face to shine upon thy sanctuary that is desolate, for thy 

18 sake, O Lord. O my God, incline thine ear, and hear ; open thine 
eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city which is called by thy 
name : for we do not present our supplications before thee for our 

19 righteousness, but for thy great mercies. O Lord, hear ; O Lord, 
forgive ; O Lord, attend and do ; delay not, for thine own sake, O 

20 my God : for thy city and thy people are called by thy name. And 
while I was speaking, and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin 
of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the Eter- 

21 nal my God, for the mountain of the holiness of my God ; Yea, while 

1 was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen 
in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched 

22 me about the time of the evening oblation. And he explained, and 
talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give 

23 thee skill and understanding. At the beginning of thy supplications 
a sentence went forth, and lam come to tell Mee; for thou art 
greatly beloved : therefore understand the matter, and consider the 

24 appearance. Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and 
upon the city of thy holiness, to restrain the transgression, and to 
make an end of sins, and to make an expiation for iniquity, and to 
bring in perpetuity righteousness, and to seal up vision and pro- 

25 phecy, and to anoint the holy of holies. Know therefore and under- 
stand, that from the going forth of a sentence to restore and to build 
Jerusalem unto an anointed one, a leader, shall be seven weeks ; and 
in three score and two weeks shall street and ditch be built again, 

26 even in troublous times. And after the threescore and two weeks 
shall an anointed one be cut off, and there is none to help him ; and a 
people of the coming leader shall destroy the city and the sanctuary ; 
and his end shall be with the flood, and unto the end of the war de- 

27 solations are determined. And he shall make powerful a covenant 
for the many for one week : and half a week he shall cause sacrifice 
and oblation to cease, and upon the skirt of the abominations there 
shall be a desolator, even until the consummation, and that deter- 
mined shall be poured upon the desolate. 

1 Chap, x.— In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a thing was re- 
vealed unto Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar; and the truth 


of the thing, and a great host : and he noticed the thing, and under- 

2 stood it in the vision. In those days I Daniel was mourning three 

3 full ^^eeks. I ate no pleasant bread, neither came flesh nor wine in 
my mouth, neither did I anoint myself at all, till three whole weeks 

4 were fulfilled. And in the four and twentieth day of the first month, 

5 as I was by the side of the great river, which is Hiddekel : Then 
I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed 

6 in linen, whose loins ivere girded with fine gold of Uphaz : His body 
also was like beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his 
eyes as torches of fire, and his arms and his feet like the appearance 
of polished copper, and the voice of his words like the voice of a 

7 multitude. And I Daniel alone saw the vision: for the men that 
were with me saw not the vision ; but a great quaking fell upon them, 

8 so that they fled to hide themselves. Therefore I was left alone, and 
saw this great vision, and there remained no strength in me : and my 
comeliness was turned upon me into a destroyer, and I retained no 

9 strength. Yet heard I the voice of his words : and when I heard the 
voice of his words, whilst I was in a stupefaction on my face, and my 

10 face towards the ground; And behold a hand touched me, and 

11 set me upon my knees and upon the palms of my hands. And he 
said unto me, O Daniel, a man greatly beloved, understand the words 
that I speak unto thee, and remain where thou art standing : for unto 
thee am I now sent. And whilst he spoke this word unto me, I 

12 stood trembling. Then said he unto me, Fear not Daniel ; for from 
the first day that thou didst set thy heart to understand, and to mor- 
tify thyself before thy God, thy words were heard, and I am come at 

13 thy words. But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me 
one and twenty days : but, lo, Michael, one of the chief princes, came 
to help me : and I was left there by the side of the kings of Persia. 

14 Now I am come to make thee understand what shall befall thy people 
in the remoteness of the days : for there is yet a vision for those days. 

15 And whilst he was speaking such words unto me, I set my face to- 

16 wards the ground, and I became dumb. And, behold, one like the 
similitude of the sons of men touched my lips : then I opened my 
mouth, and spake, and said unto him that stood before me, O my 
lord, by the vision my sorrows are turned upon me, and I have re- 

1 7 tained no strength. For how can the servant of tliis my lord talk 


with this my lord ? for as for me, from now there remaineth no 

18 strength in me, neither is there breath left in me. Then there came 
again and touched me one like the appearance of a man, and he 

19 strengthened me. And said, O man, greatly beloved, fear not: peace 
be unto thee, be strong, yea be strong. And whilst he spoke unto 
me, I was strengthened, and said, Let my lord speak ; for thou hast 

20 strengthened me. Then said he, Knowest thou wherefore I come 
unto thee ? and now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia : 

21 and when I am gone forth, lo, the prince of Greece shall come. |But 
I will tell thee that which is noted in the scripture of truth : and 
there is none that holdeth fast with me against those, but Michael 
your prince. 

1 Chap. xi. — Also I in the first year of Darius the Mede, even I, stood 

2 to confirm and to strengthen him. And now will I tell thee truth. 
Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia ; and the fourth 
shall be far richer than they all : and by his strength through his riches 

3 he shall stir up all against the kingdom of Greece. And a mighty 
king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do ac- 

4 cording to his will. And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall 
be broken, and shall be divided towards the four winds of heaven ; 
and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he 
ruled : for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others besides 

5 those. And the king of the south shall be strong, and one of his 
princes ; and another shall be strong above him, and have dominion; 

6 his dominion shall be a great dominion. And in the end of years 
they shall join themselves together ; for the king's daughter of the 
south shall come to the king of the north to establish concord: but 
the arm shall not retain power ; neither shall he stand, nor his arm : 
but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that 

7 begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times. But out of 
a shoot of her roots shall one stand up in his place, who shall come 
to the army, and shall enter into the fortresses of the king of the 

8 north, and shall deal against them, and shall prevail : And shall 
also carry captives into Egypt their gods, with their princes, and 
with their precious vessels of silver and gold; and he shall continue 

9 mor(^ years than the king of the north. So the king of the south 
shall come into his kingdom, and shall return into his own land. 

10 But his son shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of 
great forces : and one shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass 
through : then shall he return, and be stirred up, even to his for- 

11 tress. And the king of the south shall be moved with choler, and 
shall come forth and fight with him, even vnih. the king of the north: 
and he shall set forth a great multitude ; but the multitude shall be 

12 given into his hand. J^id when the multitude is taken away, his 
heart shall be lifted up ; and he shall cast down myriads : but he shall 

13 not prevail. For the king of the north shall return, and shall set 
forth a multitude greater than the former, and shall certainly come 
at the end of times, even years with a great army and with much 


14 substance. And in those times there shall many stand up against 
the king of the south : also the robbers of thy people shall exalt them- 

15 selves to establish a vision ; but they shall stumble. So the king of 
the north shall come, and cast up a mount, and conquer a city of 
fortifications: and the arnjs of the south shall not withstand, neither 
his chosen people, neither shall there be any strength to withstand. 

16 But he that cometh against him shall do according to his own will, 
and none shall stand before him : and he shall stand in the glorious 

17 land, and destruction is in his hand. He shall also set his face to 
enter with the strength of his whole kingdom, and upright ones with 
him ; thus shall he do : and he shall give him a daughter of the 
women, corrupting her : but she shall not stand 07i his side, neither 

18 be for him. After this shall he turn his face unto maritime settle- 
ments, and shall take many : but a captain for his own behalf shall 
cause tiis disgrace to cease; without his own disgrace he shall cause 

19 i^ to turn upon him. Then he shall turn his face toward the forts 
of his own land : but he shall stumble and fall, and not be found. 

20 Than shall stand up in his place one that causeth the exactor to pass 
through the glory of the kingdom : but within few days he shall be 

21 destroyed, neither in anger, nor in war. And in his place shall stand 
up a vile person, to whom they shall not give the honour of the king- 
dom : but he shall come in peace, and obtain the kingdom by flat- 

22 teries. And the arms of the flood shall be swept away from before him, 

23 and shall be broken; yea, also the leader of the covenant. And since 
the union with him he shall work deceitfully : for he shall come up, 

24 and shall become strong with a small people. He shall enter in 
peace even upon the fattest places of the province ; and he shall do 
that which his fathers have not done, nor his fathers' fathers ; he 
shall scatter among them the prey, and spoil, and riches : yea, and 
he shall forecast his devices against the strongholds, even for a time. 

25 And he shall stir up his power and his heart against the king of the 
south with a great army ; and the king of the south shall be stirred 
up to the war with a very great and mighty army ; but he shall not 

26 stand : for they shall forecast devices against him. Yea, they that 
eat of his dainty food shall destroy him, and his army shall overflow : 

27 and many shall fall down slain. And both these king's hearts shall 
be to do mischief, and they shall speak lies at one table; but it shall 

28 not prosper : for there is yet an end to the time appointed. Then 
shall he return into his land with great substance ; and his heart shall 
be against the covenant of holiness ; and when he hath acted he shall 

20 do exjdoits, and return to his own land. At the time appointed he 
shall return, and come towards the south ; but it shall not be as the 

30 former, or as the latter. For ships from Chittim shall come against 
him : therefore he shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation 
against the covenant of holiness, and he shall act ; he shall even re- 
turn, and have intelligence with them that forsake the covenant of 

31 holiness. And arms shall stand on his part,^ and they shall pollute 
the sanctuary, the fortress, and shall take away the continual sacri- 

32 fice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate. And 

' from him. 


such as do wickedly against the covenant shall be lead astray by flat- 
teries : but the people that do know their God shall be strong, and 

33 act. And they that understand among the people shall instruct 
many: yet they shall falP by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, 

34 and by spoil, many days. Now when they shall stumble, they shall 
be holpen with a little help : but many shall join them with flat- 

35 teries. And some of them of understanding shall stumble ^to refine 
through them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the 

36 time of the end : for it will last to the time appointed. And the king 
shall do according to his will ; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify 
himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against 
the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accom- 

37 plished : for what is determined shall be done. Neither shall he re- 
gard the gods of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any 

38 god : for he shall magnify himself above all. But in his place shall 
he honour the God of fortresses : and a god whom his fathers knew 
not shall he honour with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, 

39 and pleasant things. Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with 
a strange god, him who acknowledgeth, his glory will he increase ; and 
he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide land for gain. 

40 And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him : 
and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, 
with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships ; and he shall 

41 enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over. He shall 
enter also into the glorious land, and many countries shall be over- 
thrown •} but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, 

42 and the firstlings of the children of Amnion. He shall stretch forth his 
hand also upon the countries : and the land of Egypt shall not escape. 

43 But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and 
over all the precious things of Egypt : and Lubbin and Cushim shall 

44 be at his steps. But tidings out of the east and out of the north 
shall trouble him : therefore he shall go forth with great fury to de- 

45 stroy, and to doom many. And he shall plant the tents of his palace 
between seas towards the glorious mountain of holiness ; yet he shall 
come to his end, and none shall help him. 

1 Chap. xii. — And at the time shall Michael stand up, the great prince 
who standeth for the children of thy people : and there shall be a 
time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to 
that same time : and at that time thy people shall be delivered, 

2 every one that shall be found written in the book. And many of them 
that sleep in the dust of the ground shall awake, some to everlasting 

3 life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. And they that 
arise shall shine as the brightness of the expanse ; and they that turn 

4 many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever. But thou, O 
Daniel, close up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of 
the end : many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased. 

5 Then I Daniel looked, and behold, there stood other two: the one on this 
side of the brink of the river, and the other on that side of the brink 

6 of the river. x\nd he said to the man clothed in linen, who was over 

^ stumble. 


the waters of the rivers, How long shall it be to the end of these 

7 wonders ? And I heard the man clothed in linen, who was over the 
waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand 
unto the heavens, and sware by him that liveth for ever, that at "lan 
appointed time of appointed times and a half, and when the scatter- 
ing of the power of a people of holiness will be completed, shall all 

8 these things be finished. And I heard, but I understood not ; then 

9 said I, O my Lord, what shall be the end of these things ? And he 
said. Go thy way, Daniel : for the words are closed up, and sealed^ 

10 till the time of the end. Many shall be purified, and made white, 
and refined; but the wicked shall do wickedly : but all the wicked 

11 shall understand nothing ; but the intelligent shall understand. And 
from the time that the continual sacrifice was taken away, and the 
abominarion that maketh desolate setup, are a thousand two hundred 

12 and unetydays. O happiness of him thatwaiteth and attaineth to a 

13 thousand three hundred and five and thirty days. But for thee go to the 
end ; for thou shalt rest, and stand by thy lot at the end of the days. , 


1 Chap. i. — Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, for the ful- 
filment of the word of the Eternal by the mouth of Jeremiah, the 
Eternal stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a 
proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, 

2 saying. Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, The Eternal God of heaven 
hath given me all the kingdoms of the earth ; and he hath charged 


3 me to build him a house at Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Who is 
there among you of all his people ? his God be with him, and let him 
go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and build the house of the 

4 Eternal God of Israel, he is the God, who is in Jerusalem. And 
whosoever remainethin any place where he sojourneth, let the men 
of his place help^ him with silver, and with gold, and with substance, 
and with beasts, beside the freewill offering for the house of God, 

5 that is in Jerusalem. Then rose up the heads of the fathers of Judah 
and Benjamin, and the priests, and the Levites, with all tJiem whose 
spirit God had stirred up, to go up to build the house of the Eternal 

6 which is in Jerusalem. And all they that loere about them, strength- 
ened their hands with vessels of silver, with the gold, with the sub- 
stance, and with the beasts, and with the precious things, besides all 

7 thai was willingly offered. Also Cyrus the king brought forth the ves- 
sels of the house of the Eternal, which Nebuchadnezzar had brought 

8 forth out of Jerusalem, and had put them in the house of his gods; Even 
those did Cyrus king of Persia bring forth by the hand of Mithredath 
the treasurer, and numbered them unto Sheshbazzar, the prince of 

9 Judah. And this is the number of them : thirty chargers of gold, a 

10 thousand chai-gers of silver, nine and twenty knives. Thirty basons 
of gold, silver basons of a second so7't four hundred and ten, and 

1 1 other vessels a thousand. All the vessels of gold and of silver were 
five thousand and four hundred. All these did Sheshbazzar bring 
up with tJieni of the captivity that were brought up from Babylon 
unto Jerusalem. 

1 Chap. ir. — Now these are the children of the province that went up 
out of the prisons, of those who had been carried into captivity, whom 
Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away unto Ba- 
bylon, and came again unto Jerusalem and Judah, every one unto his 

2 city ; Who came with Zerubbabel : Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, 
Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mizpar, Bigvai, Rehum, Baanah. The 

3 number of the men of the people of Israel : The children of Parosh, 

4 two thousand a hundred seventy and two. The children of Shepha- 

5 tiah, three hundred seventy and two. The children of Arab, seven 

6 hundred seventy and five. The children of Pahath-moab, of the 
children of Jeshua and Joab, two thousand eight hundred and twelve. 

7 The children of Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four. 

8 9 The children of Zattu, nine hundred forty and five. The children 

10 of Zaccai, seven hundred and threescore. The children of Bani, six j| 

ilift up. 


1 1 hundred forty and two. The children of Bebai, six hundred twenty 

12 and three. The children of Azgad, a thousand two hundred twenty 

1 3 and two. The children of Adonikam, six hundred sixty and six. 

14 15 The children of Bigvai, two thousand fifty and six. The children 

16 of Adin, four hundred fifty and four. The children of Ater of 

17 Hezekiah, ninety and eight. The children of Bezai, three hundred 

18 twenty and three. The children of Jorah, a hundred and twelve. 

19 20 The children of Hashum, two hundred twenty and three. The 

21 children of Gibbar, ninety and five. The children of Beth-lehem, a 

22 hundred twenty and three. The men of Netophah, fifty and six. 

23 24 The men of Anathoth, a hundred twenty and eight. The children 

25 of Azmaveth, forty and two. The children of Kirjath-arim, Che- 

26 phirah, and Beeroth, seven hundred and forty and three. The chil- 

27 dren of Rama and Gaba, six hundred twenty and one. The men of 

28 Miclanas, a hundred twenty and two. The men of Beth-el and Ai, 

29 two hundred twenty and three. The children of Nebo, fifty and two. 

30 31 The children of Magbish, a hundred fifty and six. The children 

32 of another Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four. The 

33 children of Harim, three hundred and twenty. The children of 

34 Lod, Hadid, and Ono, seven hundred twenty and five. The children 

35 of Jericho, three hundred forty and five. The children of Senaah, 

36 three thousand and six hundred and thirty. The priests : the children 
of Jedaiah, of the house of Jeshua, nine hundred seventy and three. 

37 38 The children of Immer, a thousand fifty and two. The children 

39 of Pashur, a thousand two hundred forty and seven. The children 

40 of Harim, a thousand and seventeen. The Levites : the children 
of Jeshua and Kadmiel, of the children of Hodaviah, seventy and 

41 four. The singers : the children of Asaph, a hundred twenty and 

42 eight. The children of the gate-keepers: the children of Shal- 
lum, the children of Ater, the children of Talmon, the children of 
Akkub, the children of Hatita, the children of Shobai, in all a hundred 

43 thirty and nine. The temple servants : the children of Ziha, the^ 

44 children of Hasupha, the children of Tabbaoth, The children of 

45 Keros, the children of Siaha, the children of Padon, The children 

46 of Lebanah, the children of Hagabah, the children of Akkub, The 
children of Hagab, the children of Shalmai, the children of Hanan, 

47 The children of Giddel, the children of Gahar, the children of 

48 Reaiah. The children of Rezin, the children of Nekoda, the chil- 

49 dren of Ciazzam, The children of Uzza, the children of Paseah, 

50 the children of Besai, The children of Asnah, the children of Me- 

51 hunim, the children of Nephusim, The children of Bakbuk, the 

E 2 


52 children of Hakupha, the children of Harhur, The children of 

53 Bazluth, the children of Mehida, the children of Harsha. The 
children of Barkos, the children of Sisera, the children of Tha- 

54 mah. The children of Neziah, the children of Hatipha. 

55 The children of Solomon's servants : the children of Sotai, the 

56 children of Sophereth, the children of Peruda, The children of 

57 Jaalah, the children of Darkon, the children of Giddel, The 
children of Shephatiah, the children of Hattil, the children of Poche- 

58 reth of Zebaim, the children of Ami. All the temple servants, and 
the children of Solomon's servants, tvere three hundred ninety and 

59 two. And these were they who went up from Tel-melah, Tel-harsa, 
Cherub, Addan, and Immer : but they could not tell their father's 

60 house, and their seed, whether they were of Israel : The children 
of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, the children of Nekoda, six 

61 hundred fifty and two. And of the children of the priests : the 
children of the Habaiah, the children of Koz, the children of Bar- 
zillai ; who took a wife of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite, 

62 and was called after their name : These sought their genealogical 
records, but they were not found : therefore were they, as polluted, 

63 put from the priesthood. And the Tirshatha said unto them, that 
they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a 

64 priest with Urim and with Thummim. The whole congregation 
together teas forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore. 

65 Beside their servants and their maids, these loere seven thousand 
three hundred thirty and seven : and there were among them 

GG two hundred singing men and singing women. Their horses were 
seven hundred thirty and six ; their mules, two hundred forty and 
67 five ; Their camels, four hundred thirty and five ; their asses, six 
G8 thousand seven hundred and twenty. And some of the heads of the 
fathers, when they came to the house of the Eternal which is at Je- 
rusalem, offered freely for the house of God to set it up in its place : 

69 They gave after their ability unto the treasure of the work threescore 
and one thousand darics of gold, and five thousand pounds of silver 

70 and one hundred priests' coats. So the priests, and the Levites, and 
some of the people, and the singers, and the gate keepers, and the 
temple servants, dwelt in their cities, and all Israel in their cities. 

1 Chap. hi. — And when the seventh month was come, and the chil- 
dren of Israel were in the cities, the people gathered themselves 

2 together as one man to Jerusalem. Then stood up Jeshua the son 
of Jozadak, and his brethren the priests, and Zerubbabel the son of 
Shealtiel, and his brethren, and built the altar of the God of Israel, 
to offer burnt offerings thereon, as it is written in the law of Moses, 

3 the man of God. And they set the altar upon its bases ; for dread 
ivas upon them because of the peoples of the countries : and they 



offered burnt offerings thereon unto the Eternal, even burnt offerings 

4 morning and evening. They kept also the festival of booths, as it is 
written, and offered the daily burnt offerings by number, according 

5 to the custom, as the duty of every day required ; And afterwards 
offered the continual burnt offering, both of the new moons, and of all 
the appointed seasons of the Eternal that were consecrated, and of 
every one that willingly offered a freewill offering unto the Eternal. 

6 From the first day of the seventh month began they to offer burnt 
offerings unto the Eternal. But the foundation of the temple of the 

7 Eternal was not yet laid. They gave money also unto the hewers, 
and to the carpenters; and meat, and drink, and oil, unto them of 
Zidon, and to them of Tyre, to bring cedar trees from Lebanon to 
the sea of Joppa, according to the grant that they had of Cyrus king 

8 of Persia. Now in the second year of their coming unto the house 
of G^ a at Jerusalem, in the second month, began Zerubbabel the 
son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and the remnant of 
their brethren, the priests and the Levites, and all they that were 
come out of the captivity unto Jerusalem ; and appointed the Levites, 
from twenty years old and upwards, to preside over the work of the 

9 house of the Eternal. Then stood Jeshua ivith his sons and his 
brethren, Kadmiel and his sons, the sons of Judah, as one, to preside 
over the workmen in the house of God : the sons of Henedad, their 

10 sons and their brethren the Levites. And when the builders laid 
the foundation of the temple of the Eternal, they set the priests in 
their apparel with the trumpets, and the Levites the sons of Asaph 
with the cymbals, to praise the Eternal, in the manner of David king 

11 of Israel. And they sang together by course in praising and giving 
thanks unto the Eternal ; because fie is good, for his mercy endureth 
for ever towards Israel. And all the people shouted with a great 
shout, when they praised the Eternal, because the foundation of the 

12 house of the Eternal was laid. But many of the priests and Levites 
and heads of the fathers, the old men, that had seen the first house, 
when the foundation of this house was laid before their eyes, wept 
with a loud voice; and many raised their voices in shouts for joy : 

13 So that the people could not discern the noise of the shout of joy from 
the noise of the weeping of the people : for the people shouted with a , 
loud shout, and the noise w^as heard afar off. 

1 Chap. iv. — Now when the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard 
that the children of __the captivity built a temple unto the Elernal 

2 God of Israel ; Then they came to Zerubbabel, and to the heads of 
the fathers, and said unto them, Let us build with you : for we will 
seek your God, as ye do; and we do sacrifice unto him since the days 

3 of Esar-haddon king of Assur, who brought us up hither. But 
Zerubbabel, and Jeshua, and the rest of the heads of the fathers of 


Israel, said unto them, It does not become ye and us to build a house 
unto our God ; but we ourselves together will build unto the Eternal 
God of Israel, as king Cyrus the kiug of Persia hath commanded us. 

4 Then the people of the land weakened the hands of the people of 

5 Judah, and troubled them in building, And hired counsellors against 
them, to frustrate their purpose, all the days of Cyrus king of Persia, 

6 even until the reign of Darius king of Persia. And in the reign of 
Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign, wrote they unto him an 

7 accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem. And in 
the days of Artaxerxes wrote Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel, and the 
rest of their companions, under Artaxerxes king of Persia ; and the 
writing of the letter was written in the Syrian tongue, and interpreted 

8 in the Syrian tongue. Rehum the chancellor, and Shimshai the scribe, 
wrote a letter against Jerusalem to Artaxerxes the king in this sort : 

9 Then wrote Rehum the chancellor, and Shimshai the scribe, and the 
rest of their companions ; the Dinaites, the Apharsathchites, the 
Tarpelites, the Apharsites, the Archevites, the Babylonians, the 

10 Susanchites, the Dehavites, and the Elamites, And the rest of the 
nations whom the great and noble Asnapper brought over, and set in 
the cities of Samaria, and the rest that are on this side the river, and 

11 so forth. This is the copy of the letter that they sent unto him, 
even unto Artaxerxes the king ; Thy servants the men on this side 

12 the river, and so forth. Be it known unto the king that the Jews 
who came up from thee to us are come unto Jerusalem, building 
the rebellious and bad city, and have set up the walls thereof, and 

13 joined the foundations. Be it known now unto the king,' that if this 
city be built, and the walls be set up again, then will they not pay 
tribute, excise, and toll, and so thou shalt endamage the revenue of the 

14 kings. Now because we eat salt from the king's palace, and it was 
not meet for us to see the king's dishonour, therefore have we sent 

16 and certified the king ; That search may be made in the book of the 
records of thy fathers : so shalt thou find in the book of the records, 
and know that this city is a rebellious city, and hurtful unto kings and 
provinces, and that they have moved sedition within the same of old 

16 time : for which cause was this city destroyed. We certify the king, 
that if this city be built again, and the walls thereof set up, by this 


17 means thou shalt have no portion on this side the river. Then sent 
the king an edict unto Rehum the chancellor^ and to Shimshai the 
scribe, and to the rest of their companions that dwell in Samaria, and 

18 unto the rest beyond the river, Peace, and so forth. The letter which 

19 ye sent unto us hath been plainly read before me. And a command 
proceeded from me, and search hath been made, and it is found that 
this city of old time hath made insurrection against kings, and that 

20 rebellion and sedition have been made therein. There have been 
mighty kings also over Jerusalem, who have ruled over all countries 
beyond the river ; and tributes, excise, and toll was paid unto them. 

21 Give ye now commandment to cause these men to cease, and that 
this city be not built, until another commandment shall be given 

22 from me. Take heed now that ye fail not to do this : why should 

23 damage grow to the hurt of the kings ? Now when the copy of king 
Art., verxes' letter was read before Rehum, and Shimshai the scribe, 
and their companions, they went up in haste to Jerusalem unto the 

24 Jews, and made them to cease by force and power. Then ceased the 
work of the house of God which is at Jerusalem. So it ceased unto 
the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia. 

1 Chap. v. — Then the prophets, Haggai the prophet, and Zechariah 
the son of Iddo, prophesied unto the Jews that were in Judah and 

2 Jerusalem in the name of the God of Israel, even unto them. Then 
rose up Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of 
Jozadak, and began to build the house of God which is at Jerusalem : 

3 and with them were the prophets of God helping them. At the same 
time came against them Tatnai, pashaw on this side the river, and 
Shethar-boznai, and their companions, and said thus unto them. 
Who hath commanded you to build this house, and to finish this wall ? 

4 Then said we unto them after this manner. What are the names of 

5 the men that make this building ? But the eye of their God was 
upon the elders of the Jews, that they could not cause them to cease, 
till the matter should come to Darius : and they then should have 

6 returned answer by letter concerning this matter. The copy of the 
letter that Tatnai, pashaw on this side the river, and Shethar-boznai, 
and his companions the Apharsachites, who were on this side the 

7 river, sent unto Darius the king ; They sent a report unto him, 

8 wherein was written thus ; Unto Darius the king, all peace. Be it 
known unto the king, that we went into the province of Judea, to the 
house of the great God, which is built with great stones, and timber 

EZRA v., ^'I. 

is laid in the walls, and this work goeth fast on, and prospereth in 

9 their hands. Then asked we those ciders, and said unto them thus. 

Who commanded you to build this house, and to finish these walls ? 

10 We asked their names also, to certify thee, that we might write the 

11 names of the men that were the chief of them. And thus they 
returned us answer, saying, We are the servants of the God of heaven 
and earth, and build the house that was built these many years ago, 

12 which a great king of Israel built and finished. But after that our 
fathers had provoked the God of heaven unto wrath, he gave them 
into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, the Casdee 
who destroyed this house, and carried the people away into Babylon. 

13 But in the first year of Cyrus the king of Babylon the same king Cyrus 

14 made a decree to build this house of God. A.nd the vessels also of 
gold and silver of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took 
out of the temple that was in Jerusalem, and brought them into the 
temple of Babylon, those did Cyrus the king take out of the temple 
of Babylon, and they were delivered unto one, whose name was 

15 Sheshbazzar, whom he had made pashaw ; And said unto him. 
Take these vessels, go, carry them into the temple that is in Jerusa- 

16 lem, and let the house of God be built in its place. Then came the 
same Sheshbazzar, and laid the foundation of the house of God 

16 which is in Jerusalem : and since that time even until now hath it 

17 been in building, ondyet it is not completed. Now therefore. Hit 
seem good to the king, let there be search made in the king's treasure 
house, which is there at Babylon, whether it be so, that a decree was 
made of Cyrus the king to build the house of God at Jerusalem, and 
let the king send his pleasure to us concerning this matter. 

1 Chap. vi. — Then Darius the king made a decree, and search was 
made in the house of the rolls, where the treasures were laid up in 

2 Babylon. And there was found at Achmetha, in the palace that ism. 
the province of the Medes, a roll, and therein was a record thus 

3 written: In the first year of Cyrus the king, the same Cyrus the king 
made a decree concerning the house of God at Jerusalem, Let the 
house be built, the place where they offered sacrifices, and let the 
foundations thereof be strongly laid ; the height thereof three- 

4 score cubits, and the breadth thereof threescore cubits. With three 
rows of great stones, and a row of new timber : and let the expenses 



5 be given out of the king's house : And also let the golden and silver 
vessels of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took forth out 
of the temple which is at Jerusalem, and brought unto Babylon, be 
restored, and brought again unto the temple which is at Jerusalem, 

6 every one to its place, and place them in the house of God. Now 
therefore^ Tatnai, pashaw beyond the river, Shethar-boznai, and your 
companions the Apharsachites, who are beyond the river, be ye far 

7 from thence : Let the work of this house of God alone ; let the 
pashaw of the Jews and the elders of the Jews build this house of 

8 God in its place. Moreover from me proceeds a decree what ye 
shall do to the elders of these Jews for the building of this house of 
God , that of the king's goods, even of the tribute beyond the river, 
forthwith expenses be given unto these men, that they be not hin- 

9 dered. And that which they have need of, both young bullocks, and 
ramc, and lambs, for the burnt offerings of the God of heaven, wheat, 
salt, wine, and oil, according to the appointment of the priests which 

10 are at Jerusalem, let it be given them day by day without fail : That 
they may offer pleasing odours unto the God of heaven, and pray for 

1 1 the life of the king, and of his sons. From me also proceeds a decree, 
that whosoever shg.ll alter this edict, let timber be pulled down from 
his house, and being set up, let him be fastened thereon ; and let his 

12 house be made a dunghill for this. And the God that hath caused 
his name to dwell there destroy all kings and people, that shall put 
to their hand to alter and to destroy this house of God which is at 
Jerusalem. I Darius have made a decree : let it be done forthwith. 

13 Then Tatnai, pashaw on this side the river, Shethar-boznai, and their 
companions, according to that which Darius the king had sent, so 

14 they did forthwith. And the elders of the Jews built, and they 
prospered through the prophecying of Haggai the prophet and Ze- 
chariah the son of Iddo. And they built, and finished it, according 
to the commandment of the God of Israel, and according to the 
commandment of Cyrus, and Darius, and Aitaxerxes king of Persia. 

15 And this house was completed on the third day of the month Adar, 

16 which was in the sixth year of the reign of Darius the king. And 
the children of Israel, the priests, and the Levites, and the rest 
of the children of the captivity, kept the dedication of this 

17 house of God with joy. And offered at the dedication of this house 
of God a hundred bulls, two hundred rams, four hundred lambs ; 


and for a sin-ofFering for all Israel, twelve he-goats, according to the 

18 number of the tribes of Israel. And they set the priests in their 
divisions, and the Levites in their courses, for the service of God, 

19 who is at Jerusalem; as it is written in the book of Moses. And 
the children of the captivity kept the Passover upon the fourteenth 

20 day of the first month. For the priests and the Levites were purified 
together, all of them were pure, and killed the Passover for all the 
children of the captivity, and for their brethren the priests, and for 

21 themselves. And the children of Israel, who were come again out 
of the captivity, and all such as had separated themselves unto them 
from the filthiness of the nations of the land, to seek the Eternal God 

22 of Israel, did eat. And kept the festival of unleavened bread seven 
days with joy : for the Eternal had made them joyful, and turned 
the heart of the king of Assyria unto them, to strengthen their hands 
in the work of the house of God, the God of Israel. 

1 Chap. vii. — Now after these things in the reign of Artaxerxes king 
of Persia, Ezra the son of Seraiah, the son of Azariah, the son of 

2 Hilkiah, The son of Shallum, the son of Zadock, the son of Ahitub. 

3 4 The son of Amariah, the son of Azariah, the son of Meraioth, The 

5 son of Zerahiah, the son of Uzzi, the son of Bukki, The son of 
Abishua, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron 

6 the chief priest : This Ezra went up from Babylon ; and he was a 
ready scribe in the law of Moses, which the Eternal God of Israel 
had given : and the king granted him all his request, according to 

7 the hand of the Eternal his God upon him. And there went up 
some of the children of Israel, and of the priests, and the Levites, and 
the singers, and the porters, and the temple servants, unto Jerusalem, 

8 in the seventh year of Artaxerxes the king. And he came to Jeru- 
salem in the fifth month, which was in the seventh year of the king. 

9 For upon the first day of the first month was the beginning' of the ascent 
from Babylon, and on the first day of the fifth month came he to 

10 Jerusalem, according to the good hand of his God upon him. For 
Ezra had prepared his heart to search the law of the Eternal, and to 

11 do it, and to teach in Israel statutes and judgments. Now this is the 
copy of the letter that the king Artaxerxes gave unto Ezra the priest, 
the scribe, eyew ascribe of the words of the commandments of the 

12 Eternal, and of his statutes to Israel. Artaxerxes, king of kings, unto 
Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven, given and 

1 foundation. 


13 so forth. From me proceeds a decree, that all they of the people of 
Israel, and of his priests and Levites, in my realm, who are minded 

14 of their own freewill to go up to Jerusalem, go with thee. Foras- 
much as thou art sent of the king, and of his seven counsellors, to 
enquire concerning Judah and Jerusalem, according to the law of thy 

15 God which is in thy hand ; And to carry the silver and gold, which 
the king and his counsellors have freely offered unto the God of 

16 Israel, whose habitation is in Jerusalem, And all silver and gold 
that thou canst find in all the province of Babylon, with the freewill 
offering of the people, and of the priests, oflfering willingly for the 

17 house of their God which is in Jerusalem : That thou mayest buy 
forthwith with this money bulls, rams, lambs, with their oblations 
and their drink offerings, and offer them upon the altar of the house 

18 of your God which is in Jerusalem. And whatsoever shall seem 
goo:I CO thee, and to thy brethren, to do with the rest of the silver 

19 and the gold, that do after the will of your God. The vessels also 
that are given thee for the service of the house of thy God, those 

20 deliver thou before the God of Jerusalem, And whatsoever more 
shall be needful for the house of thy God, which thou shalt have 

21 occasion to bestow, bestow it out of the king's treasure house. And 
from me, even me Artaxerxes the king, proceeds a decree to all the 
treasurers who are beyond the river, that whatsoever Ezra the priest, 
the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, shall require of you, it be 

22 done forthwith. Unto a hundred talents of silver, and to a hundred 
measures of wheat, and to a hundred baths of wine, and to a hundred 

23 baths of oil, and salt without prescribing how much. Whatsoever is 
commanded by the God of heaven, let it be diligently done for the 
house of the God of heaven : for why should there be wrath against 

24 the realm of the king and his sons ? Also we certify you, that 
touching any of the priests and Levites, singers, porters, temple ser- 
vants, or ministers of this house of God, it shall not be lawful to im- 

25 pose tribute, excise, or toll, upon them. And thou, Ezra, after the 
wisdom of thy God, that is in thy hand, set magistrates and judges, 
who may judge all the people that are beyond the river, all such as 
know the laws of thy God, and teach ye them that know them not. 

26 And whosoever will not do the law of thy God, and the law of the 
king, let judgment be executed forthwith upon him, whether it he 
unto death, or to banishment, or to confiscation of goods, or to im- 

F 2 


27 prisonment. Blessed be the Eternal God of our fathers, who hath 
put such a thing as this in the king's heart, to beautify the house of 

28 the Eternal which is in Jerusalem : And hath extended mercy unto 
me before the king, and his counsellors, and before all the king's 
mighty princes. And I was strengthened as the hand of the Eternal 
my God was upon me, and I gathered together out of Israel chief 
men to go up with me. 

1 Chap. viii. — These are now the heads of their fj^thers, and this is 
the genealogy of them that went up with me from Babylon, in the 

2 reign of Artaxerxes the king. Of the sons of Phineas ; Gershom : 
of the sons of Ithamar ; Daniel : of the sons of David ; Hattush. 

3 Of the sons of Shechaniah, of the sons of Pharosh ; Zechariah : and 
with him were reckoned by genealogy of the males a hundred and 

4 fifty. Of the sons of Pahath-moab ; Elihoenai the son ofZerahiah, 

5 and with him two hundred males. Of the sons of Shechaniah ; the 
C son of Jahaziel, and mth him three hundred males. Of the sons 

also of Adin; Ebed the son of Jonathan, and with him fifty males. 

7 And of the sons of Elam; Jeshaiah the son of Athaliah, and with 

8 him seventy males. And of the sons of Shephatiah : Zebadiah the 

9 son of Michael, and with him fourscore males. Of the sons of Joab, 
Obadiah the son of Jehiel, and with him two hundred and eighteen 

10 males. And of the sons of Shelomith ; the son of Josiphiah, and 

11 with him a hundred and threescore males. And of the sons of 
Bebai ; Zechariah the son of Bebai, and with him twenty and eight 

12 males. And of the sons of Azgad ; Johanan the son of Hakkatan, 

13 and with him a hundred and ten males. And of the last sons of 
Adonikam, whose names are these, Eliphelet, Jeiel, and Shemaiah, 

14 and with them threescore males. Of the sons also of Bigvai ; Uthai, 

15 and Zabbud, and with them seventy males. And I gathered them 
together to the river that runneth to Ahava ; and we were encamped 
three days : and I viewed the people, and the priests, and found 

16 there none of the sons of Levi. Then sent I for Eliezer, for Ariel, 
for Shemaiah, and for Elnathan, and for Jarib, and for Elnathan, and 
for Nathan, and for Zechariah, and for Meshullam, chief men ; also 

17 for Joiarib, and for Elnathan, men of understanding. And I sent 
them with commandment unto Iddo the head of the place Casiphia, 
and I put into their mouths the words they should say unto Iddo, 
his brother, and the temple servants, at the place Casiphia, that they 

18 should bring unto us ministers for the house of God. And by the 
good hand of our God upon us they brought us a man of understand- 
ing, of the sons of Mahli, the son of Levi, the son of Israel ; and 


19 Sherebiah, with his sons and brethren, eighteen ; And Hashabiah, 
and with him Jeshaiah of the sons of Merari, his brethren and their 

20 sons, twenty ; Also of the temple servants, whom David and the 
princes had appointed for the service of the Levites, two hundred and 

21 twenty temple servants : all of them were expressed by name. Then 
I proclaimed a fast there, at the river of Ahava, that we might afflict 
ourselves before our God, to seek of him a right way for us, and for 

22 our little ones, and for all our substance. For I was ashamed to ask 
of the king a force and horsemen to help us against the enemy in the 
way : because we had spoken unto the king, saying, The hand of our 
God is upon all them for good that seek him ; but his power and his 

23 wrath is against all them that forsake him. So we fasted and 

24 besought our God for this : and he was entreated of us. Then I 
separated twelve of the chiefs of the priests^ Sherebiah, Hashabiah, 

25 and ten of their brethren with them. And weighed unto them the 
silver, and the gold, and the vessels, even the offering of the house of 
our God, which the king, and his counsellors, and his princes, and 

26 all Israel there present, had offered : I even weighed unto their 
hand six hundred and fifty talents of silver, and silver vessels a 

27 hundred talents, and of gold a hundred talents ; Also twenty basons 
of gold, of a thousand darics ; and two vessels of shining copper, 

28 precious as the gold. And I said unto them. Ye are holiness unto 
the Eternal ; the vessels are holiness also ; and the silver and the gold 

29 are a freewill offering unto the Eternal God of your fathers. Watch 
ye, and keep them, until ye weigh them before the princes of the 
priests and the Levites, and princes of the fathers of Israel, at Jeru- 

30 salem, in the chambers of the house of the Eternal. So took the 
priests and the Levites the weight of the silver, and the gold, and 
the vessels, to bring them to Jerusalem unto the house of our God. 

31 Then we departed from the river of Ahava on the twelfth day of the 
first month, to go unto Jerusalem: and the hand of our God was upon 
us, and he delivered us from the hand of the enemy, and of such as 

32 lay in wait by the way. And we came to Jerusalem, and abode 

33 there three days. Now on the fourth day were the silver and gold 
and the vessels weighed in the house of our God by the hand of 
Meremoth, the son of Uriah the priest ; and with him was Eleazar 
the son of Phinehas ; and with them was Jozabad the son of Jeshua, 

34 and Noadiah the son of Binnui, Levites ; By number and by weight 

35 of every one : and all the weight was written at that time. Also the 
children of those that had been carried away, who were come out of 
the captivity, offered burnt offerings unto the God of Israel, twelve 
bulls for all Israel, ninety and six rams, seventy and seven lambs. 


twelve he goats /or a sin offering; all this was a burnt offering unto 
36 the Eternal. And' they delivered the king's commissions unto the 
king's satraps, and to the pashaws on this side the river : and they 
furthered the people, and the house of God. 

1 Chap. ix. — Now when these things were finished the princes came 
to me, saying. The people of Israel, and the priests, and the Levites, 
have not separated themselves from the people of the lands, doing 
according to their abominations, even of the Canaanites, the Hittites, 
the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, the 

2 Egyptians, and the Amorites. For they have taken of their daughters 
for themselves, and for their sons : so that the holy seed have mingled 
themselves with the people of those lands : yea, the land of the princes 

3 and governors hath been chief in this trespass. And when I heard 
this thing, I rent my garment and my mantle, and plucked off the 

4 hair of my head and of my beard, and sat down desolate. Then 
were assembled unto me every one that trembled at the words of the 
God of Israel, because of the trespass of those that had been carried 

5 away ; and I sat desolate until the evening oblation. And at the 
evening oblation I arose up from my fast ; and having rent my gar- 
ment and my mantle, I fell upon my knees, and spread out my hands 

6 unto the Eternal my God, And said, O my God, I am ashamed 
and blush to lift up my face to thee, my God : for our iniquities are 
increased over our head, and our guilt is grown up unto the heavens. 

7 Since the days of our fathers have we been in a great guilt unto this 
day ; and for our iniquities have we, our kings, and our priests, been 
delivered into the hand of the kings of the lands, to the sword, to 
captivity, and to a spoil, and to confusion of face, as it is this day. 

8 And now for a little space grace hath been shewed from the Eternal 
our God, to leave us a remnant to escape, and to give us a nail in his 
holy place, that our God may lighten our eyes, and give us a little 

9 reviving in our bondage. For we were bondmen ; yet our God hath 
not forsaken us in our bondage, but hath extended mercy unto us in 
the sight of the kings of Persia, to give us a reviving, to set up the 
house of our God, and to repair the ruins thereof, and to give us a 

10 wall in Judah and in Jerusalem. And now, O our God, what shall 

11 we say after this ? for we have forsaken thy commandments. Which 
thou hast commanded by thy servants the prophets, saying. The land, 
unto which ye go to possess it, is an unclean land with the filthiness 
of the peoples of the lands, with their abominations, which have filled 

12 it from one end to another with their uncleanness. Now therefore 
give not your daughters unto their sons, neither take their daughters 


unto your sons, nor seek their peace or their welfare for ever : that 
ye may be strong, and eat the good of the land, and leave it for an 

13 inheritance to your children for ever. And after all that is come 
upon us for our evil deeds, and for our great guilt, although thou our 
God hast spared us, punishing less than our iniquities deserve, and 

14 hast given us such deliverance as this ; Should we again make void 
thy commandments, and intermarry with the people of these abomi- 
nations ? wouldest not thou be angry with us till thou hadst consumed 

15 us, so that there should be no remnant nor escaping? O Eternal God 
of Israel, thou art righteous : for we remain escaped, as it is this 
day : behold, we ere before thee in our guilt : for we cannot stand 
before thee because of this. 

1 Chap. X. — Now when Ezra had prayed, and when he had confessed, 
weeping and casting himself down before the house of God, there 
assembled unto him out of Israel a very great congregation of men and 

2 women and children : for the people wept very sore. And Shechaniah 
the son of Jehiel, one of the sons of Elam, answered and said unto 
Ezra, We have trespassed against our God, and have taken strange 
wives of the peoples of the land : yet now there is hope in Israel con- 

3 cerning this thing. Now therefore let us make a covenant with our 
God to put away all the wives, and such as are born of them, accord- 
ing to the counsel of my lord, and of those that tremble at the com- 
mandment of our God ; and let it be done according to the law. 

4 Arise ; for this matter belongeth unto thee : we also ivill be with thee ; 

5 be of good courage and do it. Then arose Ezra, and adjured the 
chief priests, the Levites, and all Israel, that they should do according 

6 to this word. i\nd they sware. Then Ezra rose up from before the 
house of God, and went into the chamber of Johanan the son of 
Eliashib : and when he came thither, he did eat no bread, nor drink 
water : for he mourned because of the transgression of them that had 

7 been carried away. And they made proclamation throughout Judah 
and Jerusalem unto all the children of the captivity, that they should 

8 gather themselves together unto Jerusalem ; And that whosoever 
would not come within three days, according to the counsel of the 
princes and the elders, all his substance should be doomed, and him- 
self se])arated from the congregation of those that had been carried 

9 away. Then all the men of Judah and Benjamin gathered themselves 
together unto Jerusalem within three days. It was the ninth month, 
on the twentieth day of the month ; and all the people sat in the 
street of the house of God, trembling because of this matter, and for 

10 the great rain. And Ezra the priest stood up, and said unto them, 
Ye have transgressed, and have taken strange wives, to increase the 

11 guilt of Israel. Now therefore make confession unto (he Eternal God 
of your fathers, and do his pleasure: and separate yourselves from 


12 the people of the landj and the strange wives. Then all the 
congregation answered, and said with a loud voice, As thou hast 

13 said, so must we do. But the people are many, and it is a time of 
much rain, and we are not able to stand without, neither is this a 
work of one day or two : for we are many that have transgressed 

14 in this thing. Let now our princes of all the congregation stand, 
and let all them who have taken strange wives in our cities come at 
appointed times, and with them the elders of every city, and the 
judges thereof, until the fierce wrath of our God for this matter be 

15 turned from us. Only Jonathan the son of Ashel and Jahaziah the 
son of Tikvah were employed about this matter : and Meshullam and 

16 Shabbethai the Levite helped them. And the children of the cap- 
tivity did so. And Ezra the priest, tvith certain heads of the fathers, 
after the house of their fathers, and all of them by their names, were 
separated, and sat down in the first day of the tenth month to examine 

17 the matter. And they made an end with all the men that had taken 

18 strange wives by the first day of the first month. And among the 
sons of the priests there were found that had taken strange wives : 
namely, of the sons of Jesuah the son of Jozadak, and his brethren ; 

19 Maaseiah, and Eliezer, and Jarib, and Gedaliah. And they gave 
their hands that they would put away their wives ; and beinff guilty, 

20 they offered a ram of the flock for their guilt. And of the sons of 

21 Jmmer; Hanani, and Zebadiah. And of the sons of Harim ; Maaseiah, 

22 and Elijah, and Shemaiah, and Jehiel, and Uzziah. And of the 
sons of Pashur ; Elioenai, Maaseiah, Ishmael, Nethaneel, Jozabad, 

23 and Elasah. Also of the Levites ; Jozabad, and Shimei, and Kelaiah 

24 (the same is Kelita), Pethahiah, Judah, and Eliezer. Of the singers 
also; Eliashib: and of the porters ; Shallum, and Telem, and Uri. 

25 Moreover of Israel : of the sons of Parosh ; Ramaiah, and Jeziah, 
and Malchiah, and Miamin, and Eleazar, and Malchijah, and Benaiah. 

26 And of the sons ofElam; Mattaniah, Zechariah, and Jeliiel, and 

27 Abdi, and Jeremoth, and Eliah. And of the sons of Zattu ; Elioenai, 

28 Eliashib, Mattaniah, and Jeremoth, and Zabad, and Aziza. Of the 

29 sons also of Bebai ; Jehohanan, Hananiah, Zabbai, and Athlai. And 
of the sons of Bani; Meshullam, Malluch, and Adaiah, Jashub, and 

30 Sheal, and Ramoth. And of the sons of Pahath-moab ; Adna, and 
Chelal, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattaniah, Bezaleel, and Binnui, and 

31 Manasseh. And 0/ the sons of Harim ; Eliezer, Ishijah, Malchia, 

32 33 Shemaiah, Shimeon, Benjamin, Malluch, and Shemariah. Of 
the sons of Hashum; Mattenai, Mattathah, Zabad, Eliphelet, Jere- 

34 mai, Manasseh, and Shimei. Of the sons of Bani ; Maadai, Am- 



35 36 ram, and Uel, Benaiah, Bedeiah, Chelluh, Vaniah, Meremoth, 
37 38 Eliashib, Mattaniah, Mattenai, and Jaasan, And Bani, and 

39 Binnui, Shimei, Ane Shelemiah, and Nathan, and Adaiah, 

40 41 Machnadebai, Shashai, Sharai, Azaveel, and Shelemiah, She- 
42 43 mariah, Shallum, Aniariah, and Joseph. Of the sons of Nebo ; 
44 Jeiel, Mattithiah, Zabad, Zebinah, Jadau, and Joel, Benaiah. All 

these had taken strange wives : and some of them had wives by whom 
they had children. 


1 Chap. i. — The words of Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah. And it 
came to pass in the month Chisleu, in the twentieth year, as I was 

2 in Shushan the castle. That Hanani, one of the brethren, came, he 
and certain men of Judah ; and I asked them concerning the Jews 
that had escaped, who were left of the captivity, and concerning 

3 Jerusalem. And they said unto me, The remnant that are left of 
the captivity there in the province are in great affliction and reproach: 
the wall of Jerusalem also is broken down, and the gates thereof are 

4 burned with fire. And it came to pass, when I heard these words, 
that I sat down and wept, and mourned certain days, and fasted, and 

5 prayed before the God of heaven. And said, I beseech thee, O 
Eternal, God of heaven, the great and terrible God, that keepeth 
covenant and mercy for them that love him and observe his com- 

6 mandments : Let thine ear now be attentive, and thine eyes open, 
that thou mayest hear the prayer of thy servant, which I pray before 
thee now, day and night, for the children of Israel thy servants, and 
confess the sins of the children of Israel, which we have siimed 

7 against thee : both I and my father's house have sinned. We have 
dealt very corruptly against thee, and have not kept the com- 


mandments, nor the statutes, nor the judgments, which thou com- 

8 mandedst thy servant Moses. Remember now the word that thou 
commandedst thy servant Moses, saying, If ye transgress, I willscat- 

9 ter you abroad among the nations : But if ye turn unto me, and 
keep my commandments, and do them ; though there were of you 
cast out unto the uttermost part of the heaven, yet will I gather them 
from thence, and will bring them unto the place that I have chosen 

10 to set my name there. Now these are thy servants and thy people, 
whom thou hast redeemed by thy great power, and by thy strong 

1 1 hand. O Lord, I beseech thee, let now thine ear be attentive to the 
prayer of thy servant, and to the prayer of thy servants, who desire 
to fear thy name : and prosper, I pray thee, thy servant this day, and 
grant him mercy in the sight of this man. For I was the king's 

1 Chap. ii. — And it came to pass in the month Nisan, in the twen- 
tieth year of Artaxerxes the king, tJiat wine was before him : and I 
took up the wine, and gave it unto the king. Now I had not been 

2 beforetime sad in his presence. Wherefore the king said unto me, 
Why is thy countenance sad, seeing thou art not sick ? this is nothing 

3 else but an evil heart. Then I was very sore afraid. And said unto 
the king. Let the king live for ever ; why should not my countenance 
be sad, when the city, the place of my fathers' sepulchres, lieth waste, 

4 and the gates thereof are consumed with fire ? Then the king said 
unto me, For what dost thou make request ? So I prayed to the God 

5 of heaven. And I said unto the king, If it please the king, and if 
thy servant have found favour in thy sight, that thou wouldest send 
me unto Judah, unto the city of my fathers' sepulchres, that I may 

6 build it. And the king said unto me, the consort also sitting 
by him, For how long shall thy journey be ? and when wilt thou re- 
turn? So it pleased the king to send me; and I set him a 

7 time. Moreover I said unto the king. If it please the king, 
let letters be given me to the pashaws beyond the river, that 

8 they may convey me over till I come into Judah ; And a letter unto 
Asaph the keeper of the king's park, that he may give me timber to 
make beams for the gates of the castle which appertained to the 
house, and for the wall of the city, and for the house that I shall enter 
into. And the king granted me, according to the good hand of my 

9 God upon me. Then I came to the pashaws beyond the river, and 
gave them the king's letters. Now the king had sent captains of the 

10 army and horsemen with me. When Sanballat the Horonite, and 
Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, heard of it^ it grieved them ex- 
ceedingly that there was come a man to seek the welfare of the chil- 
li dren of Israel. So I came to Jerusalem, and was there three days. 


1 2 And I arose in the night, I and some few men with me ; neither told 
I any man what my God had put in my heart to do at Jerusalem : 
neither was there any beast with me, save the beast that I rode upon. 

13 And I went out by night by the gate of the valley, even before the 
dragon^ well, and to the dung gate, and viewed the walls of Jerusalem, 
which were broken down, and the gates thereof were consumed with 

14 fire. Then I went on to the gate of the fountain, and to the king's 
pool : but there ivas no place for the beast that was under me to 

15 pass. Then went I up in the night by the brook, and viewed the 
wall, and turned back, and entered by the gate of the valley, and so 

16 returned. And the rulers knew not whither I went, or what I did ; 
neither had I as yet told it to the Jews, nor to the priests, nor to the 

17 noble?, nor to the rulers, nor to the rest that did the work. Then 
said i unto them, Ye see the distress that we are in, how Jerusalem 
lieth waste, and the gates thereof are burned with fire : come, and let 
us build up the wall of Jerusalem, that we be no more a reproach. 

18 Then I told them of the hand of my God which was good upon me ; 
as also the king's words that he had spoken unto me. And they 
said, Let us rise up and build. So they strengthened their hands 

19 for this good work. But when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah 
the servant, the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian, heard it, they 
laughed us to scorn, and despised us, and said. What is this thing 

20 that ye do? will ye rebel against the king? Then answered I them, 
and said unto them, The God of heaven, he will prosper us : there- 
fore we his servants will arise and build : but ye have no portion, nor 
right, nor memorial, in Jerusalem. 

1 Chap. iir. — Then Eliashib the high priest rose up with his brethren 
the priests, and they built the sheep gate ; they sanctified it, and set 
up the doors of it, even unto the tower of Meah, they sanctified it unto 

2 the tower of Hananeel. And next unto him built the men of Jericho. 

3 And next to them built Zaccur the son of Imri. But the fish gate 
did the sons of Hassenah build, who also laid the beams thereof, and 
set up the doors thereof, the locks thereof, and the bars thereof. 

4 And next unto them repaired Meremoth the son of Urijah, the son 
of Koz. And next unto them repaired Meshullam the son of 
Berechiah, the son of Meshezabeel. And next unto them repaired 

5 Zadok, the son of Baana. And next unto them the Tekoites repaired; 

6 but their nobles put not their necks to the work of their Lord. More- 
over the old gate repaired Jehoiada the son of Paseah, and Meshul- 

a huge creature. 

G 2 


lam the son of Besodeiah ; they laid the beam thereof, and set up the 

7 doors thereof, and the locks thereof, and the bars thereof. And next 
unto them repaired Melatiah the Gibeonite, and Jadon the Mero- 
nothite, the men of Gibeon, and of Mizpah, unto the throne of the 

8 pashaw on this side the river. Next unto him repaired Uzziel the 
son of Harhaiah, of the goldsmiths. Next unto him also repaired 
Hananiah the son of one q/the apothecaries, and they fortified Jeru- 

9 salem unto the broad wall. And next unto them repaired Rephaiah 

10 the son of Hur, the ruler of half the district of Jerusalem. And next 
unto them repaired Jedaiah the son of Harumaph, even over against 
his house. And next unto him repaired Hattush the son of Hashab- 

11 niah. Malchijah the son of Harim, and Hashub the son of Pahath- 

12 moab, repaired the other piece, and the tower of the ovens. And 
next to him repaired Shallum the son of Halohesh, the ruler of half 

13 the district of Jerusalem, he and his daughters. The valley gate re- 
paired Hanun, and the inhabitants of Zanoah ; they built it, and set 
up the doors thereof, the locks thereof, and the bars thereof, and a 

14 thousand cubits on the wall unto the dung gate. But the dung gate 
repaired Malchiah the son of Rechab, the ruler of the district of 
Beth-haccerem ; he built it, and set up the doors thereof, the locks 

15 thereof, and the bars thereof. But the gate of the fountain repaired 
Shallun the son of Col-hozeh, the ruler of the district of Mizbah ; he 
built it, and covered it, and set up the doors thereof, the locks 
thereof, and the bars thereof, and the wall of the pool of Siloah by 
the king's garden, and unto the stairs that go down from the city of 

16 David. After him repaired Nehemiah the son of Azbuk, the ruler 
of half the district of Beth-zur, unto the place over against the 
sepulchres of David, and to the pool that was made, and unto the 

17 house of the heroes. After him repaired the Levites, Rehun the son 
of Bani. Next unto him repaired Nashabiah, the ruler of half the 

18 district of Keilah, in his district. After him repaired their brethren, 
Bavai the son of Henadad, the ruler of half the district of Keilah. 

1 9 And next to him repaired Ezer the son of Jeshua, the ruler of Miz- 
pah, another piece over against the going up to the armoury in the 

20 comer. After him Baruch the son of Zabbai earnestly repaired the 
other piece, from the corner unto the entrance of the house of Eliarhib 

21 the high priest. After him repaired Meremoth the son of Urijah the 
son of Koz another piece, from the entrance of the house of Eliashib 

22 even to the end of the house of Eliashib. And after him repaired 

23 the priests, the men of the plain. After him repaired Benjamin and 
Hashub over against their house. After him repaired Azariah the 


24 son of Maaseiah the son of Ananiah by his house. After him 
repaired Binnui the son of Henadad another piece, from the house of 

25 Azariah unto the corner even unto the turning. Palal the son of 
Uzai, over against the corner, and the tower which lieth out from the 
king's upper house, that was by the court of the place of custody. 

26 After him Pedaiah the son of Parosh. Moreover the temple servants 
dwelt in Ophel, unto the place over against the water gate towards 

27 the east, and the projecting tower. After them the Tekoites repaired 
another piece, over against the great tower, even unto the wall of 

28 Ophel. From the above horse gate repaired the priests, every one 

29 over against his house. After them repaired Zadok the son of Im- 
mer over against his house. After him repaired also Shemaiah the 

30 son of Shechaniah, the keeper of the east gate. After him repaired 
Hai.aniah the son of Shelemiah, and Hanu.n the sixth son of Zalaph, 
another piece. After him repaired MeshuUam the son of Berechiah 

31 over against his chamber. After him repaired Malchiah the gold- 
smith's son unto the place of the temple servants, and of the servants, 
and of the merchants, over against the gate Miphkad, and to the 

32 attic at the turning. And between the attic at the turning unto the 

33 sheep gate repaired the goldsmiths and the merchants. But it came 
to pass, that when Sanballat heard that we built the wall, he was 

34 wroth, and took great indignation, and mocked the Jews. And 
he spake before his brethren and the force of Samaria, and said. What 
do these feeble Jews ? will they be left to themselves ? will they sacri- 
fice? will they make an end in a day ? will they revive the stones out 

35 of the heaps of the rubbish which are burned ? Now Tobiah the 
Ammonite was by him, and he said, Even that which they build, if a 

36 jackal go up, he shall even break down their stone wall. Hear, O 
our God ; for we are despised : and turn their reproach upon their 

37 own head, and give them for a prey in the land of captivity : And 
cover not their iniquity, and let not their sin be blotted out from be- 
fore thee : for they have provoked thee to anger before the builders. 

38 So built we the wall ; and all the wall was joined together unto the 
half thereof: for the people had a mind to work. 

1 Chap. iv. — But it came to pass, that when Sanballat, and Tobiah, 
and the Arabians, and the Ammonites, and the Ashdodites, heard 
that the walls of Jerusalem were made up, and that the breaches be- 

2 gan to be stopped, then they were very wroth, And conspired all 
of them together to come and to fight against Jerusalem, and to 

3 hinder it. Nevertheless we made our prayer unto our God, and set a 


4 watch against them day and night, because of them. And Judah 
said. The strength of the bearers of burdens is decayed, and there is 

5 much rubbish ; so that we are not able to build the wall. And our 
adversaries said, They shall not know, neither see, till we come in 
the midst among them, and slay them, and cause the work to cease. 

6 And it came to pass, that when the Jews who dwelt by them came, 
they said unto us ten times, From all places whence ye shall return 

7 they will be upon us. Therefore set I in the lower places behind the 
wail, and on the higher places, I even set the people after their fami- 

8 lies with their swords, their spears, and their bows. And I looked, 
and rose up, and said unto the nobles, and to the lieutenants, and to 
the rest of the people. Be ye not afraid of them : remember the Lord, 
who is great and terrible, and fight for your brethren, your sons, and 

9 your daughters, your wives, and your houses. And it came to pass 
when our enemies heard that it was known unto us, and God had 
brought their counsel to nought, that we returned all of us to the wall, 

10 every one unto his work. And it came to pass from that time 
forth, that the half of my servants wrought in the work, and 
the other half of them held both the spears, the shields, and the 
bows, and the habergeons ; and the princes were behind all the 

11 house of Judah. They who built on the wall, and they that bare 
burdens, with those that laded, every one with one of his hands wrought 

12 in the work, and with the other hand held the weapon. For the 
builders, every one had his sword girded by his side, and so built. 

13 And he that sounded the cornet was by me, And I said unto the 
nobles, and to the lieutenants, and to the rest of the people. The 
work is great and large, and we are separated upon the wall, one far 

14 from another. In what place therefore ye hear the sound of the 

15 cornet, resort ye thither unto us : our God shall fight for us. So we 
laboured in the work : and half of them held the spears from the 

16 rising of the morning till the stars appeared. Likewise at the same 
time said I unto the people. Let every one with his servant lodge 
within Jerusalem, that in the night they may be a watch to us, and 

17 labour on the day. So neither 1, nor my brethren, nor my servants, 
nor the men of the watch who followed me, none of us put off our 
clothes, every one put them only off by the water. 

1 Chap. v. — And there was a great cry of the people and of their wives 

2 against their brethren the Jews. For there were that said, We, our 
sons, and our daughters are many : therefore we take up corn Jar 


3 them, that we may eat, and live. Some also there were that said. We 
have mortgaged our lands, vineyards, and houses, that we might take 

4 up corn, because of the famine. There were also that said. We have 
borrowed money for the king's tribute, and that upon our lands and 

5 vineyards. Yet now our flesh is as the flesh of our brethren, our 
children as their children : and, lo, we bring into bondage our sons 
and our daughters to be servants, and some of our daughters are 
brought under bondage already : neither is it in our power to re- 

6 deem them ; for other men have our lands and our vineyards. And I 

7 was very angry when I heard their cry and these words. Then I 
consulted with myself, and I rebuked the nobles, and the lieutenants, 
and said unto them. Ye exact usury, every one of his brother, 

8 And I set a great assembly against them. And T said unto 
the'., We after our ability have redeemed our brethren the 
Jews, who were sold unto the nations ; and will ye even sell your 
brethren, that they shall be sold unto us ? Then held they their 

9 peace, and found nothing to answer. Also I said. It is not good that 
ye do : ought ye not to walk in the fear of our God because of the 

1 reproach of the nations our enemies ? I likewise, and my brethren, 
and my servants have lent them money and corn ; Pray, let us leave 

11 off this usury. Pray, restore to them, even this day, their lands, 
their vineyards, their oliveyards, and their houses, also the hundreth 
part of the money, and of the corn, the vine, and the oil, for which 

12 ye have made them loans. Then said they, We will restore them, 
and will require nothing of them; so will we do as thou sayest. Then 
I called the priests, and adjured them, that they should do accord- 

13 ing to this promise. Also I shook my lap, and said, So God 
shake out every man from his house, and from his labour, that per- 
formeth not this promise, even thus be he shaken out, and emptied. 
And all the congregation said. Amen, and praised the Eternal. And 

14 the people did according to this promise. Moreover from the time 
that I was appointed to be their pashaw in the land of Judah, from, 
the twentieth year even unto the two and thirtieth year of Artaxerxes 
the king, that is, twelve years, I and my brethren have not eaten the 

15 bread of the pashaw. But the former pashaws that had been before 
me were chargeable unto the people, and had taken of them bread 
and wine, beside forty shekels of silver ; yea, even their servants bare 
rule over the people : but so did not I, because of the fear of God. 

16 Yea, also I firmly continued in the work of this wall, neither bought 
we any land : and all my servants were gathered thither unto the 


17 work. Moreover there were at my table a hundred and fifty of the 
Jews and lieutenants, beside those that came unto us from among the 

18 nations that are about us. Now that which was prepared /or me 
daily was one ox and six choice sheep ; also fowls were prepared for 
me, and once in ten days store of all sorts of wine : yet for all this 
required not I the bread of the pashaw, because the service was heavy 

19 upon this people. Remember unto me, my God, for good, all that 
I have done for this people. 

1 Chap. vi. — Now it came to pass, when Sanballat, and Tobiah, and 
Geshem the Arabian, and the rest of our enemies, heard that I had 
built the wall, and that there was no breach left therein — though at 

2 that time I had not set up the doors upon the gates ; — That San- 
ballat and Geshem sent unto me, saying. Come, let us meet together 
in some one of the villages in the valley of Ono. But they thought 

3 to do me mischief. And I sent messengers unto them, saying, I am 
doing a great work, so that I cannot come down : wherefore should 

. 4 the work cease, whilst I leave it, and come down to you ? Yet they 
sent unto me four times after this sort ; and I answered them after 

5 the same manner. Then sent Sanballat his servant unto me in like 

6 manner the fifth time, with an open letter in his hand ; Wherein was 
written. It is reported among the heathen, and Gashmu saith it, that 
thou and the Jews think to rebel: for which cause thou buildest 
the wall, that thou mayest be their king, according to these 

7 words. And thou hast also appointed prophets to preach of thee at 
Jerusalem, saying. There is a king in Judah : and now shall it be 
reported to the king according to these words. Come now therefore, 

8 and let us take counsel together. Then I sent unto him, saying, 
There are no such things done as thou sayest, but thou feignest them 

9 out of thine own heart. For they all made us afraid, saying, Their 
hands shall be weakened from the work, that it be not done. Now 

10 therefore, God, strengthen my hands. And I came unto the house 
of Shemaieh, the son of Delaiah the son of Mehetabeel, who was shut 
up ; and he said, Let us meet together in the house of God, within 
the temple, and let us shut the doors of the temple : for they will 
come to slay thee ; yea, in the night will they come to slay thee. 

11 And I said, Should such a man as I flee? and who like me that 
should come into the temple would remain alive ? I will not go in. 

12 And, lo, I perceived that God had not sent him : but that he pro- 
nounced the prophecy against me, because Tobiah and Sanballat had 

13 hired him. Therefore was he hired, that I should be afraid, and do 


so, and sin, and that they might have matter for an evil report, that 

14 they might revile me. My God, think thou upon Tobiah and San- 
ballat according to these their works, and on the prophetess Noadiah, 

15 and the rest of the prophets, that would have put me in fear. So the 
wall was finished in the twenty and fifth day of the month Elul, in 

16 fifty and two days. And it came to pass, that when all our enemies 
heard thereof, and all the nations that ivere about us saw these things, 
they were much cast down in their own eyes : for they perceived that 

17 this work was wrought of our God. Moreover in those days the 
nobles of Judah had many letters forwarded unto Tobiah, and the 

18 letters of Tobiah came unto them. For many in Judah were his 
sworn associates, because he was the son-of-law of Shechaniah the 
son of Arah ; and his son Johanan had taken the daughter of Meshul- 

19 lam the son of Berechiah, Also they reported his good deeds before 
me, and uttered my words to him. And Tobiah sent letters to put 
me in fear. 

1 Chap. vii. — Now it came to pass, when the wall was built, and I 
had set up the doors, and the porters and the singers and the Levites 

2 were appointed. That I gave my brother Hanani, and Hananiah the 
ruler of the castle, charge over Jerusalem : for he was a faithful man, 

3 and feared God above many. And I said unto them, Let not the 
gates of Jerusalem be opened until the sun be hot ; and while they 
stand by, let them shut the doors, and bar them : and appoint 
watches of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, every one in his watch, and 

4 every one to be over against his house. Now the city was spacious 
and great : but the people were few therein, and the houses were not 

5 built. And my God put into my heart to gather together the 
nobles, and the lieutenants, and the people, that they might be 
reckoned by genealogy. And I found the register of the genealogy 

6 of them who came up at the first, and found written therein. These 
are the children of the province, that went up out of the captivity, of 
those that had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of 
Babylon had carried away, and came again to Jerusalem and to 

7 Judah, every one unto his city; Who came with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, 
Nehemiah, Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mis- 
pereth, Bigvai, Nehum, Baanah. The number, / say, of the men of 

8 the people of Israel toas this : The children of Parosh, two thousand 

9 a hundred seventy and two. The children of Shephatiah, three 

10 hundred seventy and two. The children of Arah, six hundred fifty 

1 1 and two. The children of Pahath-moab, of the children of Jeshua 


12 and Joab, two thousand and eight hundred and eighteen. The 

13 children of Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four. The chil- 

14 dren of Zattu, eight hundred forty and five. The children of Zaccai, 

15 seven hundred and threescore. The children of Binnui, six hundred 

16 forty and eight. The children of Bebai, six hundred twenty and 

17 eight. The children of Azgad, two thousand three hundred twenty 

18 and two. The children of Adonikam, six hundred threescore and 

19 seven. The children of Bigvai, two thousand threescore and seven. 

20 21 The children of Addin, six hundred fifty and five. The children 

22 of Aterof Hezekiah, ninety and eight. The children of Hashum, 

23 three hundred twenty and eight. The children of Bezai, three 

24 hundred twenty and four. The children of Hariph, a hundred and 

25 26 twelve. The children of Gibeon, ninety and five. The men of 

27 Beth-lehem and Netophah, a hundred fourscore and eight. The 

28 men of Anatoth, a hundred twenty and eight. The men of Beth- 

29 azmaveth, forty and two. The men of Kirjath-jearim, Chephirah, 

30 and Becroth, seven hundred forty and three. The men of Ramah 

3 1 and Gaba, six hundred twenty and one. The men of Michmas, a 

32 hundred and twenty and two. The men of Beth-el and Ai, a 

33 hundred twenty and three. The men of the other Nebo, fifty and 

34 two. The children of the other Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty 

35 and four. The children of Harim, three hundred and twenty. 

36 37 The children of Jericho, three hundred forty and five. The 
children of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, seven hundred twenty and one. 

38 The children of Senaah, three thousand nine hundred and thirty. 

39 The priests : the children of Jedaiah, of the house of Jeshua, nine 

40 hundred seventy and three. The children of Immer, a thousand fifty 

41 and two. The children of Pashur, a thousand two hundred forty and 

42 43 seven. The children of Harim, a thousand and seventeen. The 
Levites : the children of Jeshua, of Kadimel, and of the children of 

44 Hodevah, seventy and four. The singers : the children of Asaph, a 

45 hundred forty and eight. The porters : the children of Shallum, the 
children of Ater, the children of Talmon, the children of Akkub, the 
children of Hatita, the children of Shobai, a hundred thirty and 

46 eight. The temple servants : the children of Ziah, the children of 

47 Hashupha, the children of Tabbaoth, The children of Keros, the 

48 children of Sia, the children of Padon, The children of Lebana, the 

49 children of Hagabai, the children of Shalmai, The children of 


50 Hanan, the children of Giddel, the children of Gahar, The children 

51 of Reaiah, the children of Rezin, the children of Nekoda, The 
children of Gazzam, the children of Uzza, the children of Phaseah, 

52 The children of Besai, the children of Meunim, the children of 

53 Nephishesim, The children of Bakbuk, the children of Hakupha, 

54 the children of Harhur, The children of Bazlith, the children of 

55 Mehida, the children of Harsha, The children of Barkos, the chil- 

56 dren of Sisera, the children of Tamah, The children of Neziah, the 

57 children of Hatipha. The children of Solomon's servants : the 
children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Perida, 

58 The children of Jaala, the children of Darkon, the children of Giddel, 

59 The children of Shephatiah, the children of Hattil, the children of 

60 Pochereth of Zebaim, the children of Ammon. All the temple ser- 
vaiits, and the children of Solomon's servants, were three hundred 

61 ninety and two. And these were they who went up also from Tel- 
melah, Tel-haresha, Cherub, Addon, and Immer : but they could not 
tell their father's house, nor their seed, whether they tvere of Israel. 

62 The children of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, the children of Ne- 

63 koda, six hundred forty and two. And of the priests : the children 
of Habaiahj the children of Koz, the children of Barzillai, who took 
one of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite to wife, and was called 

64 after their name. These sought their register among those that were 
reckoned by geneoalogy, but it was not found : therefore were they, 

65 as polluted, put from the priesthood. And the Tirshatha said unto 
them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood 

66 up a priest with Urim and Thummim. The whole congregation to- 
gether was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore, 

67 Beside their manservants and their maidservants, of whom there 
were seven thousand three hundred thirty and seven : and they 
had two hundred forty and five singing men and singing women. 

6S Their horses, seven hundred thirty and six : their mules, two hundred 

69 forty and five : Their camels, four hundred thirty and five : six 

70 thousand seven hundred and twenty asses. And some of the heads 
of the fathers gave unto the work. The Tirshatha gave to the 
treasure a thousand darics of gold, fifty basons, five hundred and 

71 thirty priests' coats. And some of the heads of the fathers gave to 
the treasure of the work twenty thousand darics of gold, and two 

72 thousand and two hundred pounds of silver. And that which the rest 
of the people gave was twenty thousand darics of gold, and two 

H 2 


73 thousand pound of silver, and threescore and seven priests' coats. So 
the priests, and the Levites, and the porters, and the singers, and 
some of the people, and the temple servants, and all Israel, dwelt in 
their cities ; and when the seventh month came, the children of Israel 
were in their cities. 

1 Chap. viii. — And all the people gathered themselves together as one 
man into the broadway that was before the water gate : and they 
spake unto Ezra the scribe to bring the book of the law of Moses, 

2 which the Eternal had commanded to Israel. And Ezra the priest 
brought the law before the congregation both of men and women, and 
making all understand in hearing it, upon the first day of the seventh 

3 month. And he read therein before the broadway that was before 
the water gate from the morning until midday, before the men and 
the women, and those that explained ; and the ears of all the people 

4 were attentive unto the book of the law. And Ezra the scribe stood 
upon a pulpit of wood, which they had made for the purpose ; and be- 
side him stood Mattithiah, and Shema, and Anaiah, and Urijah, and 
Hilkiah, and Maaseiah, on his right hand ; and on his left hand, 
Pedaiah, and Mishael, and Malchiah, and Hashum, and Hash- 

5 badana, Zechariah, and Meshullam, And Ezra opened the 
book in the sight of all the people ; for he was above all the 

6 people ; and when he opened it, all the people stood up : iVnd 
Ezra blessed the Eternal, the great God. And all the people 
answered, Amen, Amen, with lifting up their hands : and they 
bowed their heads, and prostrated themselves unto the Eternal 

7 with their faces to the ground. Also .Jeshua, and Bani, and Shere- 
biah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodijah, Masseiah, Kelita, Azariah, 
Jozabad, Hanan, Pelaiah, and the Levites, caused the people to un- 

8 derstand the law ; and the people stood in their place. So they read 
in the book in the law of God distinctly, and gave the sense, and 

9 caused them to understand the reading. And Nehemiah, who is the 
Tirshatha, and Ezra the priest the scribe, and the Levites that taught 
the people, said unto all the people. This day is holiness unto the 
Eternal your God ; mourn not, nor weep. For all the people wept, 

10 when they heard the words of the law. Then he said unto them. 
Go your way, eat the fat, and drink the sweet, and send portions 
unto them for whom nothing is prepared : for this day is holy 
unto our Lord : neither be ye sorry ; for the joy of the Eternal 

11 is your strength. So the Levites stilled all the people, saying. Hold 

12 your peace, for the day is holy ; neither be ye grieved. And all the 
people went their way to eat, and to drink, and to send portions, and 
to make great mirth, because they had understood the words that 


13 were declared unto them. And on the second day were gathered 
together the heads of the fathers of all the people, the priests, and the 
Levites, unto Ezra the scribe, even to understand the words of the 

14 law. And they found written in the law which the Eternal had com- 
manded by Moses, that the children of Israel should dwell in the 

15 booths in the festival of the seventh month: And that they should 
publish and proclaim in all their cities, and in Jerusalem, saying, Go 
forth unto the mount, and fetch olive foliage, and oil tree foliage, and 
myrtle foliage, and palm foliage, and foliage of the tree aboth, to 

16 make booths, as it is written. So the people went forth, and brought 
them, and made themselves booths, every one upon the roof of his 
house, and in their courts, and in the courts of the house of God, 
and in the broadway of the water gate, and in the broadway of the 

17 gat^ vjf Ephraim. And all the congregation of them that were come 
again out of the captivity made booths, and dwelled in the booths : 
for since the days of Jeshua the son of Nun unto that day had not 
the children of Israel done so. And there was very great gladness. 

18 Also day by day, from the first day unto the last day, he read in 
the book of the law of God. And they kept the festival seven days ; 
and on the eighth day was restriction, according unto the manner. 

1 Chap. ix. — Now in the twenty and fourth day of this month the 
children of Israel were assembled with fasting, and with sackclothes, 

2 and earth upon them. And the seed of Israel separated themselves 
from all aliens, and stood and confessed their sins, and the iniquities 

3 of their fathers. And they stood up in their place, and read in the 
book of the law of the Eternal their God one fourth part of the day ; 
and another fourth part they confessed, and prostrated themselves 

4 unto the Eternal their God. Then stood up upon the stairs, of the 
Levites, Jeshua, and Bani, Kadmiel, Shebaniah, Bunni, Sherebiah, 
Bani, and Chenani, and cried with a loud voice unto the Eternal their 

5 God. Then the Levites, Jeshua, and Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabniah, 
Sherebiah, Hodijah, Shebaniah, and Pethahiah, said. Stand up and 
bless the Eternal your God for ever and ever ; and let them bless thy 

6 glorious name, which is exalted above all blessing and praise. Thou, 
even thou, art the Eternal alone ; thou hast made the heaven, the 
heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things that 
are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and thou preservest them 

7 all : and the host of the heaven worshippeth thee. Thou art the 
Eternal the God, who didst choose Abram, and broughtest him forth 

8 out of Ur Casdini, and gavest him the name of Abraham ; And 
foundest his heart faithful before thee, and niadest a covenant with 


him to give the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, 

and the Perizzites, and the Jebusites, and the Girgashites, to give it, 

I say, to his seed, and hast performed thy words ; for thou art 

9 righteous ; And didst see the affliction of our fathers in Egypt, and 

10 heardest their cry by the Red sea ; And shewedst signs and wonders 
upon Pharaoh, and on all his servants, and on all the people of his 
land : for thou knewest that they dealt presumptuously against them. 

11 So didst thou get thee a name, as it is this day. And thou didst 
divide the sea before them, so that they went through the midst of 
the sea on the dry land ; and their persecutors thou thrcwest into the 

12 deeps, as a stone into mighty waters. Moreover thou leddest them 
in the day by a column ot cloud ; and in the night by a column of fire, 

13 to give them light in the way wherein they should go. Thou earnest 
down also upon mount Sinai, and spakest with them from heaven, 
and gavest them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes, and 

14 commandments : And madest known unto them thy holy Sabbath, 
and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of 

15 Moses thy servant : And gavest them bread from heaven for their 
hunger, and broughtest forth water for them out of the rock for their 
thirst, and promisedst them that they should go into possess the land 

16 which thou hadst lifted up thy hand to give them. But they and our 
fathers dealt presumptuously, and hardened their necks, and hearkened 

17 not to thy commandments, And refused to obey, neither were mind- 
ful of thy wonders that thou didst among them ; but hardened their 
necks, and in their rebellion appointed a captain to return to their 
bondage ; but thou art a God ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, 

18 slow to anger, and of great kindness, and forsookest them not. Al- 
though they had made them a molten calf, and said. This is thy God 
that brought thee up out of Egypt, and had wrought great provoca- 

19 cations ; Yet thou in thy manifold mercies forsookest them not in 
the desert : the column of the cloud departed not from them by day, 
to lead them in the way; neither the column of fire by night, to show 

20 them light, and the way wherein they should go. Thou gavest also 
thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not thy manna from 

21 their mouth, and gavest them water for their thirst. Yea, forty years 
didst thou sustain them in the desert, so that they lacked nothing; 

22 their clothes waxed not old, and their feet swelled not. Moreover 
thou gavest them kingdoms and peoples, and didst divide them into 
corners : so they possessed the land of Sihon, and the land of the 

23 king of Heshbon, and the land of Og king of Bashan. Their 
children also multipliedst thou as the stars of heaven, and broughtest 
them into the land, concerning which thou hadst promised to their 


24 fathers, that they should go in to possess it. So the children went in 
and possessed the land, and thou subduedst before them the inhabit- 
ants of the land, the Canaanites, and gavest them into their hands, 
with their kings, and the peoples of the land, that they might do with 

25 them as they would. And they took strong cities, and fat ground, 
and possessed houses full of all goods, wells digged, vineyards, and 
olive trees, and fruit trees in abundance : so they did eat, and were 
filled, and became fat, and delighted themselves in thy great good- 

26 ness. Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against thee, 
and cast thy law behind their backs, and slew thy prophets who tes- 
tified against them to turn them to thee, and they wrought great 

27 provocations. Therefore thou deliveredst them into the hand of their 
enemies^ who vexed them : and in the time of their trouble, when they 
crie ■ unto thee, thou heardest thein from heaven ; and according to 
thy manifold mercies thou gavest them saviours, who saved them out 

28 of the hand of their adversaries. But after they had rest, they did 
evil again before thee : therefore leftest thou them in the hand of 
their enemies, so that they had dominion over them : yet when they 
returned, and cried unto thee, thou heardest them from heaven ; and 

29 many times didst thou deliver them according to thy mercies : And 
testifiedst against them, that thou mightest bring them again unto 
thy law : yet they dealt presumptuously, and hearkened not unto thy 
commandments, but sinned against thy judgments, which, if a man 
do, he shall live in them ; and withdrew the shoulder,' and hardened 

30 their neck, and would not hear. Yet many years didst thou respite 
them, and testifiedst against them by thy spirit in thy prophets : yet 
would they not give ear : therefore gavest thou them into the hands 

31 of the peoples of the lands. Nevertheless for thy great mercies' sake 
thou didst not utterly consume them, nor forsake them ; for thou art 

32 a gracious and merciful God. Now, therefore, our God, the great, 
the mighty, and the terrible God, who keepest covenant and mercy, 
let not all the trouble seem little before thee, that hath come upon us, 
on our kings, on our princes, and on our priests, and on our prophets, 
and on our fathers, and on all thy people, since the time of the kings 

33 of Assyria unto this day. Howbeit thou cr^ just in all that is come 
upon us ; for thou hast done right, but we have done wickedly : 

34 Neither have our kings, our princes, our priests, nor our fathers, kept 
thy law, nor attended unto thy commandments and thy testimonies, 

35 wherewith thou didst testify against them. For they have not served 
thee in their kingdom, and in thy great goodness that thou gavest 
them, and in the large and fat land which thou gavest before them, 

3G neither turned they from their wicked works. Behold, we are ser- 
vants this day, and for the land that thou gavest unto our fathers to 

gave a rcLellioiis shoulder. 


eat the fruit thereof and the good thereof, behold, we are servants in 
37 it. And it yieldeth much produce unto the kings whom thou hast 
set over us because of our sins : also they have dominion over our 
bodies/and over our cattle, at their pleasure, and we are in great 

1 Chap. x. — And with all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; 
and our princes, Levites, and priests, are upon the sealed writing. 

2 Now upon the sealed writing were, Nehemiah, the Tishatha, the son 

3 4 of Hachahah, and Zidkijah, Seraiah, Azariah, Jeremiah, Pashur, 
5 6 Amariah, Malehijah, Hattush, Shebaniah, Malluch, Harim, 
7 8 Meremoth, Obadiah, Daniel, Ginnethon, Baruch, MeshuUam, 
9 Abijah, Mijamin, Maaziah, Bilgai, Shemaiah : these were the 

10 priests. And the Levites : both Jeshua the son of Azaniah, Binnui, 

11 of the sons of Henadad, Kadmiel ; And their brethren, Shebaniah, 

12 Hodijah, Kelita, Pelaiah, Hanan, Micha, Rehob, Hashabiah, 

13 14 15 Zaccur, Sherebiah, Shebaniah, Hodijah, Bani, Beninu. The 
heads of the people ; Parosh, Pahath-moab, Elam, Zatthu, Bani, 

16 17 18 Bunni, Azgad, Bebai, Adonijah, Bigvai, Adin, Ater, Hiz- 
19 20 kijah, Azzur, Hodijah, Hashum, Bezai, Hariph, Anathoth, 
21 22 Nebai, Magpiash, Meshullam, Hazir, Meshezabeel, Zadok, 
23 24 Jaddua, Pelatiah, Hanan, Anaiah, Hoshea, Hananiah, Hashub, 
25 26 Hallohesh, Pileha, Shobek, Rehum, Hashabnah, Maaseiah. 
27 28 29 And Ahijah, Hanan, Anan, Malluch, Harim, Baanah. And 
the rest of the people, the priests, the Levites, the porters, the 
singers, the temple servants, and all they that had separated them- 
selves from the peoples of the lands unto the law of God, their wives, 
their sons, and their daughters, every one having knowledge, and 

30 having understanding ; They held fast to their brethren, their nobles, 
and entered into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in God's law, 
which was given by Moses the servant of God, and to observe and 
do all the commandments of the Eternal our Lord, and his judgments 

31 and his statutes ; And that we would not give our daughters unto 

32 the people of the land, nor take their daughters for our sons : And 
i/'the peoples of the land bring the ware or any victuals on the Sab- 
bath day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the Sabbath, or 
on the holy day : and that we would leave the seventh year, and the 

33 loan by every hand. Also we made ordinances for us, to charge our- 
selves yearly with the third part of a shekel for the service of the 

34 house of our God ; For the shewbread, and for the perpetual obla- 
tion, and for the perpetual burnt offering, of the Sabbaths, of the new 
moons, for the appointed festivals, and for the holy things, and for 
the sin offerings to make an expiation for Israel, and /or all the work 


35 of the house of our God. And we cast the lots among the priests, 
the Levites, and the people, for the wood offering, to bring it into the 
house of our God, after the houses of our fathers, at times appointed 
year by year, to burn upon the altar of the Eternal our God, as it is 

36 written in the law ; And to bring the firstfruits of our ground, and 
the firstfruits of all fruit ot all trees, year by year, unto the house of 

37 the Eternal. Also the firstborn of our sons, and of our beasts, as it 
is written in the law, and the firstlings of our herds and of our flocks, 
to bring to the house of our God, unto the priests that minister in 

38 the house of our God : And (hat we should bring the firstfruits of 
our kneading-troughs, and our heave offerings, and the fruit of all 
manner of trees, of wine and of oil, unto the priests, to the chambers 
of the house of our God ; and the tithes of our ground unto the Le- 
vites, that the same Levites might have the tithes in all the cities of 

39 our tillage. And the priest the son of Aaron shall be with the Levites 
when the Levites take tithes : and the Levites shall bring up the 
tithe of the tithes unto the house of our God, to the chambers, into 

40 the treasure house. For the children of Israel and the children of 
Levi shall bring the heave offering of the corn, of the new wine, and 
the oil, unto the chambers, where are the vessels of the sanctuary, 
and the priests that minister, and the porters, and the singers : and 
we will not forsake the house of our God. 

1 Chap. xi. — And the princes of the people dwelt at Jerusalem : the 
rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jeru- 

2 salem the holy city, and nine parts to dwell in other cities. And the 
people blessed all the men, that willingly offered themselves to dwell 

3 at Jerusalem. Now these are the heads of the province that dwelt 
in Jerusalem : but in the cities of Judah dwelt every one in his pos- 
session in their cities, to wit, Israel, the priests, and the Levites, and 

4 the temple servants, and the children of Solomon's servants. And 
at Jerusalem dwelt certain of the children of Judah, and of the chil- 
dren of Benjamin. Of the children of Judah; Athaiah the son of 
Uzziah, the son of Zechariah, the son of Amariah, the son of Shepha- 

5 tiah, the son of Mahalaleel, the children of Perez ; And Maaseiah 
the son of Baruch, the son of Col-hozeh, the son of Hazaiah, the son 
of Adaiah, the son of Joiarib, the son of Zechariah, the son of Shiloni. 

6 All the sons of Perez that dwelt at Jerusalem ivere four hundred 

7 threescore and eight valiant men. And these are the sons of Ben- 
jamin ; Sallu the son of Meshullam, the son of Joed, the son of Pe- 
daiah, the son of Kolaiah, the son of Maaseiah, the son of Ithiel, the 


8 son of Jesaiah. And after him Gabbai, Sallai, nine hundred twenty 

9 and eight. And Joel the son of Zichri ivas their overseer : and Judah 
10 the sonofSenuah tvas second over the city. Of the priests: Je- 
ll daiah the son of Joiarib, Jachin. Seraiah the son of Hilkiah, the 

son of Meshullani, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of 

12 Ahitub, tvas the ruler of the house of God. And their brethren that 
did the work of the house loere eight hundred twenty and two: and 
Adaiah the son of Jeroham, the son of Pelaliah, the son of Amzi, 

13 the son of Zechariah, the son of Pashur, the son of Malchiah, And 
his brethren, heads of the fathers, two hundred forty and two : and 
Amashai the son of Azareel, the son of Ahasai, the son of Meshille- 

14 moth, the son of Immea, And their brethren, mighty men of valour, 
a hundred twenty and eight: and their overseer teas Zabdiel, the son 

15 of Hagdolim. Also of the Levites : Shemaiah the son of Hashub, 

16 the son of Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Bunni ; And 
Shabbethai and Jozabad, of the heads of the Levites, had the over- 

17 sight of the outward business of the house of God. And Mattaniah 
the son of Micha, the son of Zabdi, the son of Asaph, vms the prin- 
cipal to begin the thanksgiving in the prayer : and Bakbukiah the 
second among his brethren, and Abda the son of Shammuah, the son 

18 of Galal, the son of Jeduthun. All the Levites in the holy city were 

19 two hundred fourscore and four. Moreover the porters, Akkub, 
Talmon, and their brethren that kept the gates, were a hundred 

20 seventy and two. And the residue of Israel, of the priests, and the 
Levites, ivere in all the cities of Judah, everyone in his inheritance. 

21 But the temple servants dwelt in Ophel : and Ziha and Gispa were 

22 over the temple servants. The overseer also of the Levites at Jeru- 
salem was Uzzi the son of Bani, the son of Hashabiah, the son of 
Mattaniah, the son of Micha. Of the sons of Asaph, the singers 

23 ivere over the business of the house of God. For it was the king's 
commandment concerning them, that a fixed allowance should be for 

24 the singers, due for every day. And Pethahiah the son of Mesheza- 
beel, of the children of Zerah the son of Judah, i^as at the king's 

25 hand in all matters concerning the people. And for the villages,^ 
with their fields, some of the children of Judah dwelt at Kirjath- 
arba, and i/i the villages^ thereof, and at Dibon and in the 
villages^ thereof, and at Jekabzeel, and in the villages^ thereof, 

26 27 And at Jeshua, and at Moladah, and at Beth-phelet. And 
at Hazar-shual, and at Beesheba, and in the villages^ thereof. 

28 A^^d at Ziklag, and the Mekonah, and in the villages^ thereof. 

29 30 And at En-rimmon, and at Zareah, and at Jarmuth, Zanoah, 
Adullam, and in their villages,^ at Lachish, and the fields thereof, at 
Azekah, and in the villages^ thereof. And they were encamped from 

31 Beer-sheba unto the valley of Hinnom. The children also of Ben- 
jamin from Geba dwelt at Michmash, and Aija, and Beth-el, and in 

32 33 their villages,^ And at Auathoth, Nob, Ananiah, Razor, Ramab, 

1 enclosures. * daughters. 


34 3.5 Gittaim, Hadid, Zeboim, Neballat, Lod, and Ono, the valley of 
36 craftsmen. And of the Levites were divisions in Judah, and in Ben- 

1 Chap. xir. — Now these are the priests and the Levites that went up 
with Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua : Seraiah, Jeremiah, 

2 3 Ezra, ,Amariah, Malluch, Hattush, Shechaniah, Rehum, Mere- 
4 5 moth, Iddo, Ginnetho, Abijah, Miamin, Maadiah, Bilgah, 
6 7 Shemaiah, and Joiarib, Jedaiah, Sallu, Amok, Hilkiah, Jedaiah. 

These were the heads of the priests and of their brethren in the days 

8 of Jeshua. Moreover the Levites :, Binnui, Kadmiel, Shere- 
biah, Judah, and Mattaniah, who was over the thanksgiving, he and 

9 his brethren. Also Bakbukiah and Unni, their brethren, were over 

10 against them in the watches. And Jeshua begat Joiakim, Joiakim 

11 also begat Eliashib, and Eliashib begat Joiada, And Joiada begat 

12 Jonathan, and Jonathan begat Jaddua. And in the days of Joiakim 
were priests, the heads of the fathers ; of Seraiah, Meraiah ; of Jere- 

13 miah, Hananiah ; Of Ezra, Meshullam ; of Amaviah, Jehohanan; 

14 15 Of Melicu, Jonathan ; of Shebaniah, Joseph ; Of Harim, Adna; 

16 of Meraioth, Helkai; Of Iddo, Zechariah ; of Ginnethon, Meshul- 

17 18 lam; Of Abijah, Zichri ; of Miniamin, of Moadiah, Piltai ; Of 
Bilgah, Shammua; of Shemaiah, Jehonathan ; And of Joiarib, 
Mattenai ; of Jedaiah, L^zzi ; Of Sallai, Kallai; of Amok, Eber ; 
22 Of Hilkiah, Hashabiah ; of Jedaiah, Nethaneel. The Levites in 
the days of Eliashib, Joiada, and Johanan, and Jaddua, tvere recorded 
heads of the fathers : also the priests, to the reign of Darius the 

23 Persian. The sons of Levi, the heads of the fathers, ivere written in 
the book of the chronicles, even until the days of Johanan the son of 

24 Eliashib. And the heads of the Levites: Hashabiah, Sherebiah, and 
Jeshua the son of Kadmiel, with their brethren over against them, to 
praise and to give thanks, according to the commandment of David 

25 the man of God, ward over against ward. Mattaniah, and Bakbukiah, 
Obadiah, Meshullam, Talmon, Akkub, were porters keeping the 

26* ward at the thresholds of the gates. These were in the days of Joia- 
kim the son of Jeshua, the son of Jozadak, and in the days of Nehe- 

27 miah the pashaw, and of Ezra the priest, the scribe. And at the de- 
dication of the wall of Jerusalem they sought the Levites out of all 
their places, to bring them to Jerusalem, to keep the dedication with 
gladness, both with thanksgivings, and with singing, with cymbals, 

I 2 


28 psalteries, and with harps. And the sons of the singers gathered 
themselves together, both out of the district round about Jerusalem, 

29 and from the villages^ of Netophathi ; Also from the house of Gilgal, 
and out of the fields of Geba and Azmaveth : for the singers had built 

30 them villages' round about Jerusalem. And the priests and the Levites 
purified themselves, and purified the people, and the gates, and the 

31 wall. Then I brought up the princes of Judah upon the wall, and 
appointed two great companies of /.hem that gave thanks, and a pro- 

32 cession on the right hand upon the wall towards the dung gate : And 

33 after them went Hoshiah, and half of the princes of Judah. And 

34 Azariah, Ezra, and Mesl^ullam, Judah, and Benjamin, and She- 

35 maiah, and Jeremiah, And certain of the priests' sons with trumpets ; 
namely, Zechariah the son of Jonathan, the son of Shemaiah, the son 
of Mattaniah, the son of Michaiah, the son of Zaccur, the son of 

36 Asaph: And his brethren, Shemaiah, and Azarael, Milalai, Gilalai, 
Maai, Nethaneel, and Judah, Hanani, with the musical instruments 

37 of David the man of God, and Ezra the scribe before them. And at 
the fountain gate, which was over against them, they went up by the 
stairs of the city of David, at the going up of the wall, above the 

38 house of David, even unto the Watergate eastward. And the other 
company of them that gave thanks went over against the7n, and I 
after them, and the half of the people upon the wall, from beyond 

39 the tower of the furnaces even unto the broad wall; And from above 
the gate of Ephraim, and above the old gate, and above the fish gate, 
and the tower of Hananeel, and the tower of Meah, even unto the 

40 sheep gate: and they stood still in the custody gate. So stood the 
two companies of them that gave thanks in the house of God, and I, 

41 and half of the lieutenants with me : And the priests ; Ehakim, 
Maaseiah, Miniamin, Michaiah, Elioenai, Zechariah, and Hananiah, 

42 with trumpets ; And Maaseiah, and Shemaiah, and Eleazar, and 
Uzzi, and Jehohanan, and Malchijah, and Elam, and Ezer. And 

43 the singers sang loud, with Jezrahiah their overseer. Also that day 
they offered great sacrifices, and rejoiced : for God had made them 
rejoice with great joy : the wives also and the children rejoiced : so 

44 that the joy of Jerusalem was heard even afar off. And at that time 
were some appointed over the chambers for the treasures, for the 
heave-offerings, for the firstfruits, and for the tithes, to gather into 
them out of the fields of the cities the portions of the law for the 
priests and Levites : for Judah rejoiced for the priests and for the 

45 Levites that stood there. And both the singers and the porters 
kept the ward of their God, and the ward of the purification, accord- 

46 ing to the commandment of David, and of Solomon his son. For 

' enclosures. 


in the days of David and Asaph of old there were heads of the 
47 singers, and songs of praise and thanksgiving unto God. And all 
Israel in the days of Zerubbabel, and in the days of Nehemiah, gave 
the portions of the singers and the porters, every day his portion : 
and they sanctified holy things unto the Levites ; and the Levites 
sanctified them unto the children of Aaron. 

1 Chap. xiit. — On that day they read in the book of Moses in the 
audience of the people ; and therein was found written, that an Am- 
monite and Moabite should not come into the congregation of God 

2 for ever ; Because they met not the children of Israel with bread 
and with water, but hired Balaam against them, that he should curse 

3 them : howbeit our God turned the curse into a blessing. Now it 
came to pass, when they had heard the law, that they separated from 

4 Israel all the mixed multitude. And before this, Eliashib the priest, 
placed in a chamber of the house of our God, was allied unto Tobiah: 

5 And he had prepared for him a great chamber, where aforetime they 
laid the oblations, the frankincense, and the vessels, and the tithes of 
the corn, the new wine, and the oil, which was commanded to be 
given to the Levites, and the singers, and the porters ; and the heave 

6 offerings of the priests. But in all this time was not I at Jerusalem : for 
in the two and thirtieth year of Artaxerxes king of Babylon came I 
unto the king, and after certain days obtained I leave of the king : 

7 And I came to Jerusalem, and understood of the evil that Eliashib 
did for Tobiah, in preparing him a chamber in the courts of the house 

8 of God. And it grieved me sore : therefore I cast forth all the 

9 household stuff of Tobiah out of the chamber. Then I said, and 
they cleansed the chambers : and tliither brought 1 again the vessels 

10 of the house of God, Vv^ith the oblation and the frankincense. And I 
perceived that the portions of the Levites had not been given them : 
for the Levites and the singers, that did the work, were fled every 

1 1 one to his field. Then contended I with the lieutenants and said. 
Why is the house of God forsaken ? And I gathered them together, 

12 and set them in their place. Then brought all Judah the tithe of the 

13 corn and the new wine and the oil unto the treasuries. And I made 
treasurers over the treasuries, Shelemiah the priest, and Zadok the 
scribe, and of the Levites, Pedaiah : and next to them was Hanan 
the son of Zaccur, the son of Mattaniah : for they were counted faith- 

14 ful, and their office was to distribute unto their brethren. Remember 
me, O my God, concerning this, and wipe not out my good deeds 
that I have done for the house of my God, and for the offices thereof. 

15 In those days saw I in Judah some treading wine presses on the Sab- 
bath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading asses ; as also wine, grapes 


and figs, and all manner of burdens, which they brought into Jerusalem 
on the Sabbath day : and I testified against them in the day wherein 

16 they sold victuals.^ And the Tyrians dwelling in it brought fish, and all 
manner of ware, and sold on the Sabbath unto the children of Judah, 

17 and in Jerusalem. Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and 
said unto them, What evil thing is this that ye do, and profane the 

18 Sabbath day ? Did not your fathers thus ? and our God brought all 
this evil upon us, and upon this city ; yet ye bring more wrath upon 

19 Israel by profaning the Sabbath. And it came to pass, that when the 
gates of Jerusalem began to be dark before the Sabbath, I said that 
the gates should be shut, and said that they should not be opened till 
after the Sabbath : and some of my servants set I at the gates, that 

20 there should no burden be brought in on the Sabbath day. So the 
merchants and sellers of all kind of ware lodged without Jerusalem 

21 once or twice. Then I testified against them, and said unto them, 
Why lodge ye about the wall ? if ye do so again, I will lay hands on 

22 you. From that time forth came they no more on the Sabbath. And 
I said to the Levites that they should cleanse themselves, and that 
they should come and keep the gates, to sanctify the Sabbath day. 
Remember me, O my God, concerning this also, and spare me ac- 

23 cording to the greatness of thy mercy. In those days also saw I Jews 

24 that had married wives of Ashdod, of Ammon, and of Moab : And 
their children spake half in the speech of Ashdod, and could not 
speak in the Jews' language, but according to the language of each 

25 people. And I contended with them, and cursed them, and smote 
certain of them, and plucked off their hair, and adjured them by God, 
saying, If ye give your daughters unto their sons, and take their 

26 daughters unto your sons, or for yourselves .... Did not Solomon 
king of Israel sin by these things ? yet among many nations was 
there no king like him, who was beloved of his God, and God made 
him king over all Israel : nevertheless even him did alien women 

27 cause to sin. Shall we then hearken unto you to do all this great 
evil, to transgress against our God in marrying alien wives? And 
one of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest, xvas son 
in law to Sanballat the Horonite: therefore I chased him from me. 

29 Remember them, O my God, because they have defiled the priest- 

30 hood, and the covenant of the priesthood, and of the Levites. Thus 



cleansed I them from all aliens, and appointed wards of the priests 
31 and the Levites, every one in his business. And for the wood offer- 
ing, at times appointed, and for the firstfruits. Remember me^ O 
my God, for good. 


1 2 Chap. i. — Adam, Sheth, Enosh, Kenan, Mahalaleel, Jered, 
3 4 Henoch, Methuselah, Lan,ech, Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. 

5 The sons of Japheth ; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, 

6 and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras. And the sons of Gomer ; 

7 Ashchenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah. And the sons of Javan ; 

8 Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittini, and Dodanim. The sons of Ham j 

9 Cush, and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. And the sons of Cush; Seba, 
and Havilah, and Sabta, and Raaniah, and Sabtecha. And the sons 

10 of Ramah: Sheba, and Dedan. And Cush begat Nimrod : he began to 

1 1 be mighty upon the earth. And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Ananiim, 

12 and Lehabiiu, and Napbtuhim, And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, of 

13 whoin^came the PhiUstines, and Caphthorim. And Canaan begat 

14 Zidon his firstborn, and Heth, The Jebusite also, and the Amorite, 

15 and the Girgashite, And tbe Ilivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite, 


16 17 And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite. The 
sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and 

18 Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech. And Arphaxad 

19 begat Shelah, and Shelah begat Eber. And unto Eber were born 
two sons : the name of the one was Peleg ; because in his days the 

20 earth was divided : and his brother's name was Joktan. And Joktan 

21 begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah, Hadoram 

22 also, and Uzol, and Diklah, And Ebal, and Abimael, and Sheba, 

23 And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab. All these loere the sons of 

24 25 26 Joktan. Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah, Eber, Peleg, Reu, Serug, 
27 28 Nahor, Terah, Abram ; the same is Abraham. The sons of 

29 Abraham ; Isaac, and Ishmael. These are their generations : The 
firstborn of Ishmael, Nebaioth ; then Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mib- 

30 31 sam. Mishma, and Dumah, Massa, Hadad, and Tema, Jetur, 

32 Naphish, andKedemah. These are the sons of Ishmael. Now the sons 
of Keturah, Abraham's concubine : she bare Zimran, and Jokshan, 
and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah. And the sons of 

33 Jokshan ; Sheba, and Dedan. And the sons of Midian ; Ephah, and 
Epher, and Henoch, and Abida, and Eldaah. All these are the sons 

34 of Keturah. And Abraham begat Isaac. The sons of Isaac; Esau 

35 and Israel. The sons of Esau ; Eliphaz, Reuel, and Jeush, and Jaa- 

36 lam, and Korah. The sons of Eliphaz ; Teman, and Omat, Zephi, 

37 and Gatam, Kenaz, and Timna, and Amalek. The sons of Reuel ; 

38 Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. And the sons of Seir ; 
Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah, and Dishon, and Ezar, 

39 and Dishan. And the sons of Lotan ; Hon, and Homam : and Timna 

40 was Lotan's sister. The sons of Shobal ; Alian, and Manahath, and 
Ebal, Shephi, and Onam. And the sons of Zibeon ; Aiah, and Anah^ 

41 The sons of Anah ; Dishon. And the sons of Dishon ; Amram, and 

42 Eshban, and Ithran, and Cheran. The sons of Ezer ; Bilhan, and 

43 Zavan, and Jakan. The sons of Dishan ; Uz, and Aran, Now these 
are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom before any king 
reigned over the children of Israel ; Bela the son of Beor : and the 

41 name of his city was Dinhabah. And when Bela was dead, Jobab 

45 the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead. And when Jobab 
was dead, Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his 

46 stead. And when Husham was dead, Hadad the son of Bedad, 


who smote Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his stead : and the 

47 name of his city loas Avith. And when Hadad was dead, Samlah 

48 of Masrekah reigned in his stead. And when Samlah was dead, 

49 Shaul of Rehoboth by the river reigned in his stead. And when 
Shaul was dead, Baal-hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his stead. 

50 And when Baal-hanan was dead, Hadad reigned in his stead : and 
the name of his city was Pai ; and his wife's name was Mehetabel, 

51 the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab. Hadad died 
also. And the chieftains of Edom were : chieftain Timnah, chieftain 

52 Aliah, chieftain Jetheth, Chieftain Aholibamah, chieftain Elah, 

53 chieftan Pinon, Chieftain Kenaz, chieftain Teman, chieftain Mibzar 

54 Chieftain Magdiel, chieftain Iram. These are the chieftains of 

1 Chap. ii. — These are the sons of Israel; Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and 

2 Judah, Tssachar, and Zebulun, Dan, Joseph, and Benjamin, Naph- 

3 tali, Gad, and Asher. The sons of Judah ; Er, and Onan, and 
Shelah : which three were born unto him of the daughter of Shua 
the Canaanitess. And Er, the firstborn of Judah, was evil in the 

4 sight of the Eternal ; and he slew him. And Tamar his daughter in 
law bare him Pharez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah loere five. 

5 6 The sons of Pharez ; Hezron, and Hamul. And the sons of 
Zerah ; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara : five 

7 of them in all. And the sons of Carmi; Achar, the troubler of 

8 Israel, who transgressed in the thing doomed. And the sons of 

9 Ethan; Azariah. The sons also of Hezron, that were born unto 

10 him ; Jerahmeel, and Ram, and Chelubai. And Ram begat Am- 
minadab ; and Amminadab begat Nahshon, prince of the children 

11 of Judah ; and Nahshon begat Salma, and Salma begat Boaz, 

12 13 and Boaz begat Obed, and Obed begat Jesse, And Jesse 
begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the 

14 15 third, IVethaneel the fourth, Raddai the fifth, Ozem the sixth, 

16 David the seventh ; Whose sisters were Zeruiah, and Abigail. And 

17 the sons of Zeruiah ; Abishai, and Joab, and Asahel, three. And 
Abigail bare Aniasa : and the father of Amasa was Jether the Ish- 

18 meelite. And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah 
his wife, and of Jerioth : her sons are these ; Jeshur, and Shobab, 

19 and Ardon, And when Azubah was dead, Caleb took unto him 

20 Ephrath, who bare him Hur. And Hur begat Uri, and Uri begat 

21 Bezaleel. And afterwards Hezron went in to the daughter of Machir 


the father of Gilead, whom he married when he was threescore years 

22 old ; and she bare him Segub. And Segub begat Jair, who had 

23 three and twenty cities in the land of Gilead. And he took Geshur, 
and Aram, with the towns of Jair from them, with Kenath, and the 
towns thereof, even threescore cities. All these belonged to the sons 

24 of Machir, the father of Gilead. And after thalJ^Hezron was dead in 
Caleb-ephratah, then Abiah, Hezron^s wife, bare him Ashur the 

25 father of Tekoa. And the sons of Jerahmeel the firstborn of Hezron 
were, Ram the firstborn, and Bunah, and Oren, and Ozem, and 

26 Ahijah. Jerahmeel had also another wife, whose name was Atarah; 

27 she ivas the mother of Onam. And the sons of Ram the firstborn of 

28 Jerahmeel were Maaz, and Jamin, and Eker. And the sons of Onam 
were Shammai, and Jada. And the sons of Shammai ; Nadab, and 

29 Abishur. And the name of the wife of Abishur was Abihail, and she 

30 bare him Ahban, and Molid. And the sons of Nadab ; Seled, and 

31 Appaim : but Seled died without children. And the sons of Appaim ; 
Ishi. And the sons of Ishi ; Sheshan.- And the children of She- 

32 shan ; Ahlai. And the sons of Jada the brother of Shammai; 

33 Jether and Jonathan : and Jether died without children. And the 
sons of Jonathan ; Peleth and Zaza. These were the sons of Jerah- 

34 meel. Now Sheshan had no sons, but daughters. And Sheshan 

35 had a servant, an Egyptian, whose name was Jarha. And Sheshan 
gave his daughter to Jarha his servant to wife ; and she bare him 

36 37 Attai. And Attai begat Nathan, and Nathan begat Zabad, And 

38 Zabad begat Ephlal, and Ephlal begat Obed, And Obed begat 

39 Jehu, and Jehu begat Azariah, And Azariah begat Helez, and 

40 Helez begat Eleasah, and Eleasah begat Sisamai, and Sisamai begat 

4 1 Shallum, And Shallum begat Jekamiah, and Jekamiah begat 

42 Elishama. Now the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were, 
Mesha his firstborn, who was the father of Ziph ; and the sons of 

43 Mareshah the father of Hebron, And the sons of Hebron ; Korah, 

44 and Tappuah, and Rekem, and Shema. And Shema begat Raham, 

45 the father of Jorkoam : and Rekem begat Shammai. And the son of 

46 Shammai was Maon : and Maon was the father of Beth-zur. And 
Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bare Haran, and Moza, and Gazez : and 

47 Haran begat Gazez. And the sons of Jahdai ; Regem, and Jotham, 

48 and Gesham, and Pelet, and Ephah, and Shaaph. Maachah, Caleb's 

49 concubine, bare Slieber, and Tirhanah. She bare also Shaaph the 
father of Madmannah, Sheva the father of Machbeuahj and the father 


of Machbena, and the father of Gibea : and the daughter of Caleb was 

50 Achsa. These were the sons of Caleb the son of Hur, the first born 

51 of Ephratah ; Shobal the father of Kirjath-jearim, Salma the father 

52 of Beth-lehem, Hareph the father of Beth-gader. And Shobal the 
father of Kirjath-jearim had sons ; Haroeh and half of the Ma- 

53 nahethites. And the families of Kirjath-jearim ; the Ithrites, and 
the Puhites, and the Shumathites, and the Mishraites ; of them 

54 came the Zareathites, and the Eshtaulites. The sons of Salma ; 
Beth-lehem, and the Netophathites, Ataroth, the house of Joab, and 

55 half of the Manahethites, the Zorites. And the families of the 
scribes which dwelt at Jabez ; the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and 
Suchathites. These are the Kenites that came of Hemath, the father 
of the house of Rechab. 

1 Chap. hi. — Now these were the sons of David, who were born unto 
him in Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess ; 

2 the second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess : The third, Absalom 
the son of Maachah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur : the 

3 fourth Adonijah the son of Haggith : The fifth, Shephatiah of Abital : 

4 the sixth, Ithream by Eglah his wife. These six were born unto him 
in Hebron ; and there he reigned seven years and six months : and 

5 in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years. And these were born 
unto him in Jerusalem ; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and 

6 Solomon, four, of Bath-Shua the daughter of Ammiel: Ibhar also, 

7 and Elishama, and Eliphelet, And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Ja- 

8 9 phia, And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine. These 
veere all the sons of David, beside the sons of the concubines, and 

10 Tamar their sister. And Solomon's son loas Rehoboam, Abia his 

11 son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his son, Joram his son, Ahaziah his 

12 son, Joash his son, Amaziah his son, Azariah his son, Jothan his 

13 14 son, Ahaz his son, Hezekiah his son, Manasseh his son, Amon 

15 his son, Josiah his son. And the sons of Josiah z^ere, the firstborn 
Johanan, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Sal- 

16 lum. And the sons of Jehoiakim : Jeconiah his son, Zedekiah his 

17 18 son. And the sons of Jeconiah; Assir, Salathiel his son. Mal- 
chiram also, and Pedaiah, and Shenazar, Jecamiah, Iloshama, and 

19 Nedabiah. And the sons of Pedaiah z^;ere, Zerubbabel ; MeshuUara, 

20 and Hananiah, and Shelomith their sister : And Hushubah, and 

21 Ohel, and lierechiah, and Ilasadieh, Jushab-hesed, five. And the 
sons of Hananiah ; Pelatiah, and Jesaiah : the sons of Rephaiah, 
the sons of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, the sons of Shechaniah. 

22 And the sons of Shechaniah ; Shemaiah : and the sons of Shemaiah; 
Hattush, and Igeal, and Bariah, and Neariah, and Shaphat, six. 

K 2 


23 And the sons of Neariah ; Elioeilai, and Hezekiah, and Azrikam, 

24 three. And the sons of Elioenai were, Hodaiah, and Eliashib, and 
Pelaiah, and Akkub, and Johanan, and Dalaiah, and Anani, seven, 

1 Chap. iv. — The sons of Judah ; Pharez, Hezron, and Carmi, and 

2 Hur, and Shobal. And Reaiah the son of Shobal begat Jahath ; and 
Jahath begat Ahumai, and Lahad. These are the families of the 

3 Zorathites. And these were of the father of Etam ; Jezreel, and 
Ishma, and Idbash: and the name of their sister was Hazelelponi : 

4 And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. 
These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah, the father of 

5 Beth-lehem. And Ashur the father of Tekoa had two wives, Helah 

6 and Naarah. And Naarah bare him Ahuzam, and Hepher, and 

7 Temeni, and Haahashtari. These were the sons of Naarah. And the 

8 sons of Helah were, Zereth, and Jezoar, and Ethnan. And Coz begat 
Anub, and Zobebah, and the families of Aharhel the son of Harum. 

9 And Jabez was more honourable than his brethren : and his mother 

10 called his name Jabez, saying, Because I bare him with sorrow. And 
Jabez called on the God of Israel, saying, O that thou wouldest bless 
me indeed, and enlarge my boundary, and that thy hand might be 
with me, and that thou wouldest keep me from evil, that it may not 

11 grieve me ! And God granted him that which he requested. And 
Chelub the brother of Shuah begat Mehir, who was the father of 

32 Eshton. And Eshton begat Beth-rapha, and Paseah, and Tehinnah 

13 the father of Ir-nahash. These are the men of Rechah. And the 
sons of Kenaz ; Othniel, and Seraiah : and the sons of Othniel ; 

14 Hathath. And Meonothai begat Ophrah : and Seraiah begat Joab 
the father of the valley of craftsmen, for they were craftsmen. 

15 And the sons of Caleb the son of Jephunneh ; Iru, Elah, 

16 and Naam : and the sons of Elah, even Kenaz. x^nd the sons 

17 of Jehaleleel; Ziph, and Ziphah, Tiria, and Asareel. And the 
sons of Ezra were, Jether, and Mered, and Epher, and Jalon : 
and she bare Miriam, and Shammai, and Ishbah the father of 

18 Eshtemoa. And his wife Jehudijah bare Jered the father of 
Gedor, and Heber the father of Socho, and Jekuthiel the father of 
Zanoah. And these are the sons of Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, 

19 whom Mered took. And the sons of Aw wife Hodiah the sister of 
Naham, the father of Keilah the Garmite, the Eshtemoa and Maacha- 

20 thite. And the sons of Shimon were, Amnon, and Rinnah, Ben- 
hanan, and Tilon. And the sons of Ishi were, Zoheth, and Ben- 

21 zoheth. The sons of Shelah the son of Judah were, Er the father of 


Lecah, and Laadah the father of Mareshah, and the families of the 

22 house of them that wrought fine linen, of the house of Ashbea, And 
Jokim, and the men of Chozeba, and Joash, and Saraph, who owned 
property in Moab, and Jashubi-lehem. And these are ancient things. 

23 These were the potters, and those that dwelt among plants and 

24 hedges : there they dwelt with the king for his work. The sons of 

25 Simeon were, Nemuel, and Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, and Shaul: Shal- 

26 lum his son, Mibsain his son, Mishma his son. And the sons of 

27 Mishma ; Hamuel his son, Zacchur his son, Shimei his son. And 
Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters ; but his brethren had not 
many children, neither did all their family multiply, like the children 

28 of Judah. And they dwelt at Beer-sheba, and Moladah, and 
20 30 Hezar-shual, And at Bilhah, and at Ezem, and at Tolad, And 

31 at liethuel, and at Hormah, and at Ziklag, And at Beth-marcaboth, 
and Hazar-susim, and at Beth-birei, and at Shaaraim. These were 

32 their cities unto the reign of David. And their villages^ were, Etam, 

33 and Ain, Rimmon, and Tochen, and Asham, five cities : And all 
their villages^ that were round about the same cities, unto Baal. 

34 These were their habitations, and their genealogy. And Meshobab, 

35 and Jamlech, and Joshah the son of Amaziah, And Joel, and Jehu 

36 the son of Josibiah, the son of Seraiah, the son of Asiel, And 
Elioenai, and Jaakobah, and Jeshoaiah, and Asaiah, and Adiel, and 

37 Jesimiel, and Benaiah, And Ziza the son of Shiphi, the son of AUon, 

38 the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah ; These 
mentioned by their names were princes in their families : and the 

39 house of their fathers increased greatly. And they went to the 
entrance of Gedor, even unto the east side of the valley, to seek pas- 

40 tures for their flocks. And they found fat pasture and good, and the 
land was wide, and quiet, and peaceable ; for they of Ham had dwelt 

41 there of old. And these written by name came in the days of Heze- 
kiah king of Judah, and smote their tents, and the habitations that 
were found there, and destroyed them utterly unto this day, and dwelt 
in their rooms : because there ivas pasture there for their flocks. 

42 And some of them, even of the sons of Simeon, five hundred men, 
went to mount Seir, having for their captains Pelatiah, and Neariah, 

43 and Rephaiah, and Uzziel, the sons of Ishi. And they smote the 
rest of the Amalekites that were escaped, and dwelt there unto this 

1 Chap. v. — Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, for he was 
the firstborn ; but, forasmuch as he defiled his father's bed, his birth- 
right was given unto the sons of Joseph the son of Israel : and the 

• courts. 


2 genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birthright. For Judah 
prevailed above his brethren, and of him came the leader ; but the 

3 birthright was Joseph's : The sons, / say, of Reuben the firstborn 

4 of Israel were, Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi. The sons of 

5 Joel; Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son, Micah his 

6 son, Reaia his son, Baal his son, Beerah his son, whom Tilgath- 
pilneser king of Assyria carried away captive : he teas prince of the 

7 Reubenites. And his brethren by their families, when the genealogy 
of their generations was reckoned, were the chief, Jeiel, and Ze- 

8 chariah. And Bela the son of Azaz, the son of Shema, the son of 

9 Joel, who dwelt in Aroer, even unto Nebo and Baal-meon : And 
eastward he inhabited unto the entering in of the desert from the 
river Euphrates : because their cattle were multiplied in the land of 

10 Gilead. And in the days of Saul they made war with the Hagarites, 
who fell by their hand : and they dwelt in their tents throughout all 

11 the east land of Gilead. And the children of Gad dwelt over against 

12 them, in the land of Bashan unto Salcah : Joel the chief, and Shap- 

13 ham the next, and Jaanai, and Shaphat in Bashan. And their breth- 
ren of the house of their fathers were, Michael, and Meshullam, and 

14 Sheba, and Jorai, and Jachan, and Zia, and Heber, seven. These 
are the children of Abihail the son of Huri, the son of Jaroah, the son 
of Gilead, the son of Michael, the son of Jeshishai, the son of Jahdo, 

15 the son of Buz ; Ahi the son of Abdiel, the son of Guni, head of 

16 the house of their fathers. And they dwelt in Gilead in Bashan, and 
in her towns, and in all the suburbs of Sharon, upon their borders. 

17 All these were reckoned by genealogies in the days of Jotham king 

18 of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam king of Israel. The sons of 
Reuben, and the Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh, of valiant 
men, men able to bear buckler and sword, and to shoot with bow, and 
skilful in war, icere four and forty thousand seven hundred and three- 

19 score, that went out to the war. And they made war with the Ha- 

20 garites, with Jetur, and Nephish, and Nodab. And they were helped 
against them, and the Hagarites were delivered into their hand, and 
all that were with them : for they cried to God in the battle, and he 

21 was entreated of them; because they put their trust in him. And 
they took away their cattle ; of their camels fifty thousand, and of 
sheep two hundred and fifty thousand, and of asses two thousand, and 

22 of men a hundred thousand. For there fell down many slain, because 
the war 2vas of God. And they dwelt in their steads until the cap- 

23 tivity. And the children of the half tribe of Manasseh dwelt in the 
land : they increased from Bashan unto Baal-hermon and Senir, and 

24 unto mount Hermon, And these were the heads of the house of their 
fathers, even Epher, and Ishi, and Eliel, and Azriel, and Jeremiah, 


and Hodaviahj and Jadhiel, mighty men of valour, famous men, and 

25 heads of the house of their fathers. And they transgressed against 
the God of their fathers, and went a whoring after the gods of the 

26 people of the land, whom God destroyed before them. And the God 
of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the 
spirit of Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, 
even the Reubenites, andthe Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, 
and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the 

27 river Gozan, unto this day. The sons of Levi ; Gershon, Kohath, 

28 and Merari. And the sons of Kohath ; Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and 

29 Uzziel. And the children of Amram ; Aaron, and Moses, and Miriam. 
The sons also of Aaron ; Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. 

30 31 Eleazar begat Phinehas, Phinehas begat Abishua, And Abishua 

32 bp:j;ac Bukki, and Bukki begat Uzzi, And Uzzi begat Zerahiah, 

33 and Zeraiah begat Meraioth, Meraioth begat Amariah, and Amariah 

34 begat Ahitub, And Ahitub begat Zadok, and Zadok begat Ahi- 

35 maaz, And Ahimaaz begat Azariah, and Azariah begat Johanan. 

36 And Johanan begat Azariah — he it is that executed the priest's 

37 office in the temple that Solomon built in Jerusalem : — And Azariah 

38 begat Amariah, and Amariah begat Ahitub, And Ahitub begat 

39 Zadok, and Zadok begat Shallum, And Shallum begat Hilkiab, and 

40 Hilkiah begat Azariah, And Azariah begat Seraiah, and Seraiah 

41 begat Jehozadak, And Jehozadak went i7ito captivity, when the 
Eternal carried away Judah and Jerusalem by the hand of Nebu- 

1 Chap. vi. — The sons of Levi ; Gershom, Kohath, and Merari. 

2 And these are the names of the sons of Gershom ; Libnei, and 

3 Shimei. And the sons of Kohath tvere Amram, and Izhar, and 

4 Hebron, and Uzziel. The sons of Merari ; Mahli, and Mushi. And 

5 these «re the families of the Levites according to their fathers. Of 

6 Gershom ; Libni his son, Jahath his son, Zimmah his son, Joah his 

7 son, Iddo his son, Zerah his son, Jeaterai his son. The sons of 

8 Kohath ; Amminadab his son, Korah his son, Assir his son, El- 

9 kanah his son, and Ebiasaph his son, and Assir his son, Tahath his 
10 son, Uriel his son, Uzziah his son, and Shaul his son. And the sons 


11 ofElkanah; Amasai, and Ahimoth. As for Elkanah : the sons of 

12 Elkanah; Zophai his son, and Nahath his son, EHab his son, 

13 Jeroham his son, Elkanah his sou. And the sons of Samuel ; the 

14 firstborn Vashni, and Abiah. The sons of Merari ; Mahli, Libni his 

15 son, Shimei his son, Uzza his son, Shimea his son, Haggiah his son, 

16 Asaiah his son. And these are they whom David set over the service 

17 of song in the house of the Eternal, after that the ark had rest. And 
Ihey ministered before the dwelling place of the appointed tent with 
singing, until Solomon had built the house of the Eternal in Jeru- 
salem : and then they waited on their office according to their order. 

18 And these are they that waited with their children. Of the sons of 
] 9 the Kohathites : Heman a singer, the son of Shemuel, The son of 

20 Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Eliel, the son of Toah, The 

21 son of Zuph, the son of Elkanah, the son of Mahath, the son of 
Amasai, the son of Elkanah, the son of Joel, the son of Azariah, 

22 the sonof Zephaniah, The son of Tahath,;^the son of Assir, the son of 

23 Ebiasaph, the son of Korah, The son of Izhar, the son of Kohath, 

24 the son of Levi, the son of Israel. And his brother Asaph, who 
stood on his right hand, even Asaph the son of Berechiah, the son of 

25 Shimea, The son of Michael, the son of Baaseiah, the son of Mal- 

26 chiah, The son of Ethni, the son of Zerah, the son of Adaiah, 

27 28 The son of Ethan, the son of Zimmiah, the son of Shimei, The 
29 son of Jahath, the son of Gershom, the son of Levi. And their 

brethren the sons of Merari stood on the left hand : Ethan the son of 
SO Kishi, the son of Abdi, the son of Malluch, The son of Hashabiah, 

31 the son of Amaziah, the son of Hilkiah, The son of Amzi, the son 

32 of Bani, the son of Shamer, The son of Mahli, the son of Mushi, the 

33 son of Merari, the son of Levi. Their brethren also the Levites 
were appointed unto all manner of service of the dwelling of the 

34 house of God. But Aaron and his sons offered upon the altar of the 
burnt offering, and on the altar of incense, and were appointed for all 
the work of the place most holy, and to make an expiation for Israel, 
according to all that Moses the servant of God had commanded. 

3.5 And these are the sons of Aaron ; Eleazar his son, Phinehas his 

36 son, Abishua his son, Bukki his son, Uzzi his son, Zerahiah his son, 

37 38 Meraioth his son, Amariah his son, Ahitub his son, Zadok his 

39 son, Ahimaaz his son. Now these are their dwelling places through- 
out their castles in their boundaries, of the sons of Aaron, of the fa- 

40 mihes of the Kohathites : for their's was the lot. And they gave 
them Hebron in the land of Judah, and the suburbs thereof round 

41 about it. But the fields of the city, and the villages^ thereof, they 

42 gave to Caleb the son of Jephunneh. And to the sons of Aaron they 
gave the cities of Judah, namely, Hebron, the city of refuge, and Lib- 
nah with her suburbs, and Jatir, and Eshtemoa, with their suburbs . 



43 44 And Hilen with her suburbs, Debir with her suburbs, And 

46 Ashan with her suburbs, and Beth-shemesh with her suburbs : And 

out of the tribe of Benjamin ; Geba with her suburbs, and Alemeth 

with her suburbs, and Anathoth with her suburbs. AH their cities 

46 throughout their families were thirteen cities. And unto the sons of 
Kohath, who were left of the family of that tribe, vjere cities given 
out of the half tribe, namely, out of the half tribe of Manasseh, by 

47 lot, ten cities. And to the sons of Gershom throughout their families 
out of the tribe of Issachar, and out of the tribe of Asher, and out of 
the tribe of Naphtali, and out of the tribe of Manasseh in Bashan, 

48 thirteen cities. Unto the sons of Merari were given by lot, through- 
out their families, out of the tribe of Reuben, and out of the tribe of 

49 Gad, arid out of the tribe of Zebulun, twelve cities. And the children 

50 of Israel gave to the Levites these cities with their suburbs. And 
they gave by lot of the tribe of the children of Judah, and out of the 
tribe of the children of Simeon, and out of the tribe of the children 

51 of Benjamin, these cities, which are called by ^^eir names. And the 
residue of the families of the sons of Kohath had cities of their boun- 

52 daries out of the tribe of Ephraim. And they gave unto them, o/Me 
cities of refuge, Shechem in mount Ephraim with her suburbs ; they 

53 gave also Gezer with her suburbs. And Jokmean with her suburbs, 

54 and Beth-horon with her suburbs. And Aijalon with her suburbs, 

55 and Gath-rimmon with her suburbs : And out of the half tribe of 
Manasseh ; Aner with her suburbs, and Bileam with her suburbs, for 

56 the family of the remnant of the sons of Kohath. Unto the sons of 
Gershom iv ere given out of the family of the half tribe of Manasseh, 
Golan in Bashan with her suburbs, and Ashtaroth with her suburbs : 

57 And out of the tribe of Isaachar ; Kedesh with her suburbs, Daberath 

58 with her suburbs. And Ramoth with her suburbs, and Anem with 

59 her suburbs: And out of the tribe of Asher; Mashal with 

60 her suburbs, and Abdon with her suburbs. And Hukok with 

61 her suburbs, and Rehob with her suburbs. And out of the 
tribe of Naphtali ; Kedesh in Galilee with her suburbs, and 
Hammon with her suburbs, and Kirjathaim with her suburbs. 

62 Unto the rest of the children of Merari were given out of the tribe of 


63 Zebulun, Rimmon with her suburbs, Tabor with her suburbs : And on 
the other side of the Jordan by Jericho, on the east side of the Jordan, 
were given them out of the tribe of Reuben, Bezer in the desert with 

64 her suburbs, and Jahzah with her suburbs, Kedemoth also wnth her 

65 suburbs, and Mephaath with her suburbs : And out of the tribe of 
Gad ; Ramoth in Gilead with her suburbs, and Mahanaim with her 

66 suburbs, and Heshbon with her suburbs, and Jazer with her 

1 Chap. vii. — Now the sons of Issachar were, Tola, and Puah, Jashub, 

2 and Shimron, four. And the sons of Tola ; Uzzi, and Rephaiah, and 
Jeriel, and Jahmai, and Jibsam, and Shemuel, heads of their father's 
house, to uit, of Tola : they were valiant men of might in their 
generations ; whose number was in the days of David two and twenty 

3 thousand and six hundred. And the sons of Uzzi ; Izrahiah : and 
the sons of Izrahiah ; Michael, and Obadiah, and Joel, Ishiah, five: 

4 all of them chief men. And with them, by their generations, after 
the house of their fathers, were bands of soldiers for war, six and 

5 thirty thousand men : for they had many wives and sons. And their 
brethren among all the families of Issachar were valiant men of 
might, reckoned in all by their genealogies fourscore and seven 

6 thousand. The sons of Benjamin; Bela, and Becher, and Jediael, 

7 three. And the sons of Bela : Ezbon, and Uzzi, and Uzziel, 
and Jerimoth, and Iri, five ; heads of the house of their fathers, 
mighty men of valour ; and were reckoned by their genealogies twenty 

8 and two thousand and thirty and four. And the sons of Becher ; 
Zemira, and Joash, and Eliezer, and Elioenai, and Omri, and Jeri- 
moth, and Abiah, and Anathoth, and Alameth. All these «re the 

9 sons of Becher. And the number of them, after their genealogy by 
their generations, heads of the house of their fathers, mighty men of 

10 valour, ivas twenty thousand and two hundred. The sons also of 
Jediael ; Bilhun : and the sons of Bilhan ; Jeush, and Benjamin, and 
Ehud, and Chenaanah, and Zethan, and Tharshish, and Ahishahar. 

11 All these the sons of Jediael, by the heads of their fathers, mighty 
men of valour, were seventeen thousand and two hundred soldiers, 

12 fit to go out for war and battle. Shuppim also, and Huppim, the chil- 

13 dren of Ir, and Hushim, the sons of Aher. The sons of Naphtali; 

14 Jahziel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shallum, the sons of Bilhah. The 
sons of Manasseh ; Ashriel, whom she bare : — but his concubine the 

15 Aramitess bare Machir the father of Gilead : And Machir took to 
wife the sister of Huppim and Shuppim, whose sister's name was 
Maachah ; — and the name of the second was Zelophehad : and Zelo- 


16 phehad had daughters. And Maachah the wife of Machir bare a son, 
and she called him Peresh ; and the name of his brother loas Sheresh ; 

17 and his sons were Ulain and Rakem. And the sons of Ulam ; Bedan. 
These were the sons of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh. 

18 And his sister Hammoleketh bare Ishod, and Abiezer, and Mahalah. 

19 And the sons of Shemidah were, Ahian, and Shechem, and Likhi, and 

20 Aniam. And the sons of Ephraim ; Shuthelah, and Bered his son, 

21 and Tahtth his son, and Eladah his son, and Tahath his son. And 
Zabad his son, and Shuthelah his son, and Ezer, and Elead, whom 
the men of Gath i?iat were born in that land slew, because they came 

22 down to take away their cattle. And Ephraim their father mourned 

23 many days, and his brethren came to comfort him. And when he 
went in to his wife, she became pregnant, and bare a son, and he 

24 called his name Beriah, because it went evil with his house. And 
his daughter was Sherah, who built Beth-horon the nether, and the 

25 upper, and Uzzen-sherah. And Rephah was his son, also Resheph, 

26 and Telah his son, and Tahan his sou. Laadan his son, Ammihud 

27 28 his son, Elishama his son, Non his son, Jehoshua his son. And 
their possessions and habitations were, Beth-el and the towns thereof, 
and eastward Naaran, and westward Gezer, with the towns thereof; 
Shechem also and the towns thereof, unto Gaza and the towns 

29 thereof. And in the proximity of the children of Manasseh, Beth- 
shean and her towns, Taanach and her towns, Megiddo and her 
towns. Dor and her towns. In these dwelt the children of Joseph 

30 the son of Israel. The sons of Asher ; Imnah, and Isuah, and 

31 Ishuai, and Beriah, and Serah their sister. And the sons of Beriah ; 

32 Ileber, and Malchiel, who is the father of Birzavith. And Heber 

33 begat Japhlet, and Shomer, and Hotham, and Shua their sister. And 
the sons of Japhlet; Pasach, and Bimhal, and Ashvath, These are 

34 the children ot Japhlet. And the sons of Shamer ; Ahi, and Rohgah, 

35 Jchubbah, and Aram. And the sons of his brother Helem ; Zophah, 

36 and Imna, and Shelesh, and Amal. The sons of Zophah ; Suah, and 

37 Harnepher, and Shual, and Beri, and Inirah, Bezer, and Hod, and 

38 Shamma, and Shilshah, and Ithran, and Beera. And the sons of 

39 Jether ; Jephunneh, and Pispah, and Ara. And the sons of Ulla : 

40 Arab, and Haniel, and Rezia. All these were the chiklren of Asher, 
heads of /Ae/r father's house, choice and mighty men of valour, heads 
of the princes. And the number throughout the genealogy of them 
that were apt to the army and to the war was twenty and six thousand 

1 Chap. viii. — Now Benjamin begat Bela his firstborn, Ashbel the 

L 2 


2 second, and Aharah the third. Nohah the fourth, and Rapha the 

3 fifth. And the sons of Bela were, Addar, and Gera, and Abihud, 

4 5 And Abishua, and Naaman, and Ahoah, And Gera, and Shephu- 

6 phan, and Huram. And these are the sons of Ehud: these are the 
heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Geba, and they removed 

7 them to Manahath : And Naaman, and Ahiah, and Gera, he 

8 removed them, and begat Uzza, and Ahihud. And Shaharaim begat 
children in the country of Moab, after he had sent them away ; 

9 Hushim and Baara were his wives. And he begat of Hodesh his 

10 wife, Jobab, and Zibia, and Mesha, and Malcham, And Jeuz, 

11 and Shachia, and Mirma. These ivere his sons, heads of the 

12 fathers. And of Hushim he begat Abitub, and Elpaal. The 
sons of Elpaal ; Eber, and Misham, and Shamed, who built 

13 Ono, and Led, with the towns thereof : Beriah also, and Shema, 
who icere heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Aijalon, 

14 who drove away the inhabitants of Gath : And Ahio, Shashak, and 

15 16 Jeremoth, And Zebadiah, and Arad, and Ader, And Michael, and 

17 Ispa, and Joha, the sons of Beriah ; And Zebadiah, and Meshullam, 

18 and Hezeki, and Heber, Ishmerai also, and Jezliah, and Jobab, the 

19 20 sons of Elpaal ; And Jakim, and Zichri, and Zabdi, And 

21 Elienai, and Zilthai, and Eliel, And Adaiah, and Beraiah, and 

22 Shimrath, the sons of Shimhi ; And Ishpan, and Heber, and Eliel, 

23 24 And Abdon, and Zichri, and Hanan, AndHananiah, and Elam, 

25 and Antothijah, And Iphedeiah, and Penuel, the sons of Shashak ; 

26 27 And Shamsherai, and Shehariah, and Athaliah, And Jaresiah, 

28 and Eliah, and Zichri, the sons of Jeroham. These loere heads of 
the fathers, by their generations, chief men. These dwelt in Jeru- 

29 salem. And at Gibeon dwelt the father of Gibeon ; whose wife's 

30 name ivas Maachah : And his firstborn son Abdon, and Zur, and 

3 1 Kish, and Baal, and Nadab, And Gedor, and Ahio, and Zacher. 

32 And Mikloth begat Shimeah. And these also dwelt with their 

33 brethren in Jerusalem, over against them. And Ner begat Kish, and 
Kish begat Saul, and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchi-shua, and 

34 Abinadab, and Eshbaal. And the son of Jonathan was Merib-baal ; 

35 and Merib-baal begat Micah. And the sons of Micah laere, Pithon, 
3(3 and Melech, and Tarea, and Ahaz. And Ahaz begat Jehoadah ; and 

Jehoadah begat Alemet, and Azmaveth, and Zimri, and Zimri begat 

37 Moza, And Moza begat Binea : Rapha was his son, Eleasah his 

38 son, Azel his son : And Azel had six sons, whose names are these, 


Azrikam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and Sheariali, and Obadiah, and 

39 Hanan. All these ivere the sons of Azel. And the sons of Eshek 
his brother were, Ulam his firstborn, Jehush the second, and Eliphe- 

40 let the third. And the sons of Ulam were mighty men of valour, 
archers, and had many sons, and sons' sons, a hundred and fifty. All 
these are of the sons of Benjamin. 

1 Chap. ix. — So all Israel were reckoned by genealogies ; and, behold, 
they were written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah, who 

2 were carried away to Babylon for their transgression. Now the first 
inhabitants that dwelt in their possessions in their cities icere, the 

3 Israelites, the priests, Levites, and the temple servants. And in 
Jerusalem dwelt of the children of Judah, and of the children of 

4 Benjamin, and of the children of Ephraim, and Manasseh ; Uthai 
the son of Ammihud, the son of Omri, the son of Imri, the son of 

5 Bani, of the children of Pharez tae son of Judah. And of the Shi- 

6 lonites ; Asaiah the firstborn, and his sons. And of the sons of 

7 Zerah ; Jeuel, and their brethren, six hundred and ninety. And 
of the sons of Benjamin; Sallu the son of MeshuUam, the son 

8 of Hodaviah, the son of Hasenuah, And Ibneiah the son of 
Jeroham, and Elah the son of Uzzi, the son of Michri, and 
Meshullam the son of Shephathiah, the son of Keuel, the son 

9 of Ibnijah ; And their brethren, according to their generations, 
nine hundred and fifty and six. All these were heads of fathers 

10 in the house of their fathers. And of the priests ; Jedaiah, 

11 and Jehoiarib, and Jachin, And Azariah the son of Ililkiah, the 
son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of 

12 Ahitub, the ruler of the house of God ; And Adaiah the son of 
Jeroham, the son of Pashur, the son of Malchijah, and Maasiai the 
son of Adiel, the son of Jahzerah, the son of Meshullam, the son of 

13 Meshillemith, the son of Immer ; And their brethren, heads of the 
house of their fathers, a thousand and seven hundred and threescore ; 

14 very able men for the work of the service of the house of God. And 
of the Levites : Shemaiah the son of Hasshub, the son of Azrikam, 

15 the son of Hashabiah, of the sons of Merari ; And Bakbakkar, 
Heresh, and Galal, and Mattaniah the son of Micah, the son of 

16 Zichri, the son of Asaph : And Obadiah the son of Shemaiah, the 
son of (ialal, the son of Jeduthun, and Berechiah the son of Asa, the 

17 son of Elkanah, that dwelt in the villages^ of the Netophathites. And 
the porters loere, Shallum, and Akkub, and Talmon, and Ahiman, 

18 and their brethren: Shallum zya.? the chief; Who \\\i\\Q\io vaited 
in the king's gate eastward : they were porters in the camps of the 

19 children of Levi. And Shallum the son of Korc, the son of Ebi- 
asaph, the son of Korah, and his brethren, of the house of his father, 
the Korahites, were over the work of the service, keepers of the 
threshold of the tent : and their fathers, beiny over the camp of the 

' courts. 


20 Eternal, were keepers of the entry. And Phinehas the son of Ele- 
azar was the ruler over them in time past, a^id the Eternal was with 

21 him. And Zechariah the son of Meshelemiah was porter at the 

22 entrance of the appointed tent. All these who tvere chosen to be 
porters on the threshold were two hundred and twelve. These were 
reckoned by their genealogy in their villages/ whom David and Samuel 

23 the seer had confirmed for their faithfulness. So they and their chil- 
dren had the oversight of the gates of the house of the Eternal, 

24 namely, the house of the tents, by wards. In four quarters were the 

25 porters, towards the east, west, north, and south. And their brethren, 
who were in the villages,* were to come after seven days from time to 

26 time with them. For these Levites, the four chief porters, they 
officiated with faithfulness, and were over the chambers and treasuries 

27 of the house of God. And they lodged round about the house of 
God, because the charge was upon them, and the opening thereof 

28 every morning pertained to them. And certain of them had the 
charge of the ministering vessels, that they should bring them in and 

29 out by tale. Some of them also ivere appointed to oversee the vessels, 
and all the instruments of the sanctuary, and the fine flour, and the 

30 wine, and the oil, and the frankincense, and the spices. And some 
of the sons of the priests compounded the ointment of the spices. 

31 And Mattithiah, one of the Levites, who was the firstborn of Shal- 
lum the Korahite, presided with faithfulness over the things that were 

32 made in the pans. And otJier of their brethren, of the sons of the 
Kohathites, ivere over the shewbread, to prepare it every sabbath. 

33 And these are the singers, heads of the fathers of the Levites, who 
remaining in the chambers ivere exempt : for they were employed in 

34 that work day and night. These are the heads of the fathers of the 

35 Levites throughout their generations ; these dwelt at Jerusalem. And 
in Gibeon dwelt the father of Gibeon, Jehiel, whose wife's name was 

36 Maachah. And his firstborn son Abdon, then Zur, and Kish^ and 

37 Baal, and Ner, and Nadab, And Gedor, and Ahio, and Zechariah, 

38 and Mikloth. And Mikloth begat Shimeam. And they also dwelt 

39 with their brethren, at Jerusalem, over against their brethren. And 
Ner begat Kish ; and Kish begat Saul ; and Saul begat Jonathan, 

40 and Malchi-shua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal. And the son of 

41 Jonathan was Merib-baal: and Merib-baal begat Micah. And the 
sons of Micah were, Pithon, and Melech, and Tahrea, and Ahaz, 

42 And Ahaz begat Jarah; and Jarah begat Alemeth, and Azmaveth, 


43 and Zimri ; and Zimri begat Moza ; And Moza begat Binea : and 

44 Rephaiah his son, Eleasah his son, Azel his son. And Azel had six 
sons, whose names are these, Azrikam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and 
Sheariah, and Obadiah, and Hanan : these wer^e the sons of Azel. 

1 Chap. x. — Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men 
of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain on 

2 mount (jilboa. And the Philistines followed hard after Saul, and 
after his sons ; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and 

3 Malchi-shua, the sons of Saul. And the battle went sore against 
Saul, and the archers found him, and he was in terror of the archers. 

4 Then said Saul to his armour-bearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me 
througli therewith, lest these uncircumcised come and make sport of 
me. But his armour-bearer would not ; for he was sore afraid. So Saul 

5 took a sword, and fell upon it. And when his armour-bearer saw that 

6 Saul was dead, he fell likewise on the sword, and died. So Saul died, 

7 and his three sons, and all his house died together. And when all the 
men of Israel that were in the valley saw that they fled, and that 
Saul and his sons were dead, then they forsook their cities, and fled : 
and the Philistines came and dwelt in them. And it came to pass 

8 on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that 

9 they found Saul and his sons fallen on mount Gilboa. And when 
they had stripped him, they took his head, and his armour, and sent 
into the land of the Philistines round about, to carry tidings unto 

10 their idols, and to the people. And they put his armour in the 
house of their gods, and fastened his skull in the temple of Dagon. 

11 And when all Jabesh-gilead heard all that the Philistines had done 

12 to Saul, They arose, all the valiant men, and took away the body of 
Saul, and the bodies of his sons, and brought them to Jabesh, and 
buried their bones imder the terebinth in Jabesh, and fasted seven 

13 days. So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against 
the Eternal, even against the word of the Eternal, which he kept not, 
and also for asking counsel oione that had a familiar spirit, to enquire 

14 o/'it ; And enquired not of the Eternal : therefore he slew him, and 
turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse. 

1 Chap. xr. — Then all Israel gathered themselves to David unto 

2 Hebron, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. And 


moreover in time past, even Avhen Saul was king, thou wast he that 
leddest out and broughtest in Israel : and the Eternal thy God said 
unto thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be ruler 

3 over my people Israel. Therefore came all the elders of Israel to the 
king to Hebron ; and David made a covenant with them in Hebron 
before the Eternal; and they anointed David king over Israel, 

4 according to the word of the Eternal by Samuel. And David and 
all Israel went to Jerusalem, which is Jebus ; w^here the Jebusites 

5 were, the inhabitants of the land. And the inhabitants of Jebus said 
to David, Thou shalt not come hither. Nevertheless David took the 

6 hold of Zion, which is the city of David. And David said, "Who- 
soever smiteth the Jebusites first shall be chief and captain. So 

7 Joab the son of Zeruiah went first up, and was chief. And David 

8 dwelt in the hold ; therefore they called it the city of David. And 
he built the city round about, even from Millo round about : and 

9 Joab repaired the rest of the city. So David waxed greater and 

10 greater ; for the Eternal of hosts was with him. These also are the 
heads of the mighty men whom David had, who strengthened them- 
selves with him in his kingdom, and with all Israel, to make him 

11 king, according to the word of the Eternal concerning Israel. And 
this is the number of the mighty men whom David had ; Jashobeam, 
a Hachmonite, the head of the captains : he lifted up his spear against 

12 three hundred slain by him at one time. And after him was Ele- 
azar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite, who was among the three heroes. 

13 He was with David at Pas-Dammim, and there the Philistines were 
gathered together for the war, where was a parcel of ground full of 

14 barley ; and the people fled from before the Philistines. And they 
set themselves in the midst of that parcel, and delivered it, and slew 
the Philistines ; and the Eternal saved them by a great dehverance. 

15 Now three of the thirty captains went down to the rock to David, 
into the cave of AduUam ; and the host of the Philistines encamped 

IG in the valley of Rephaim. And David %ms then in the hold, and 

17 the Philistines' garrison was then at Beth-lehem. And David 
longed, and said. Oh that one would give me drink of the water of 

18 the cistern of Beth-lehem, that is at the gate ! And the three 
brake through the camp of the Philistines, and drew water out of 
the cistern of Beth-lehem, that ivas by the gate, and took it, and 
brought it to David ; but David would not drink of it, but poured 

19 it out as a libation to the Eternal. And said, My God forbid it me, 
that I should do this thing : shall I drink the blood of these men 
that have put their lives in jeopardy ? for with the jeopardy of their 
lives they brought it. Therefore he would not drink it. These 



20 things did these three heroes. And Abishai the brother of Joab, he 
was head of the three : for lifting up his spear against three hundred 

21 he slew them^ and had a name among the three. Among the two he 
was honoured above the three; for he was their captain : howbeit, he 

22 attained not to the first three. Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son 
of a valiant man of Kabzeel, who had done many acts ; he slew two 
lion-like men of Moab ; also he went down and slew the lion in the 

23 pit on the day of the snow-fall. And he slew the Egyptian, the man 
of great stature, five cubits high ; and in the Egyptian's hand was 
a spear like a weaver's beam : and he went down to him with a staif, 
and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with 

24 his own spear. These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and 

25 had the name among the three heroes. Behold, he was honourable 
above the thirty, but attained not to the first three : and David set 

26 him over his council. Also the valiant men of the armies loere 
Asahel, the brother of Joab, Elhanan the son of Dodo of Beth-lehem, 

27 28 Shammoth the Harorite, Helez the Pelonite, Ira the son of 
29 Ikkesh the Tekoite, Abi-ezer the Antothite, Sibbecai the Husha- 
oO thite, Ilai, the Ahoite, Maharai the Netophathite, Heled the son of 

31 Baanah the Netophathite, Ithai the son of Ribai of Gibeah, that 
pertained to the children of Benjamin, Benaiah the Pirathonite, 

32 33 Huraiof the brooks of Gaash, Abiel the Arbathite, Azmaveth 

34 the Baharumite, Eliahba the Shaalbonite, The sons of Hashem 

35 the Gizonite, Jonathan the son of Shage the Hararite, Ahiam the 

36 son of Sacar the Hararite, Eliphal the son of Ur, Hepher the Me- 
.37 cherathile, Abijah the Pelonite, Hezro the Carmelite, Naarai the 

38 son of Ezbai, Joel the brother of Nathan, Mibhar the son of Hag- 

39 geri, Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Berothite, the armour bearer 

40 of Joab the son of Zeruiah, Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite, 

41 42 Uriah the Hittite, Zabad the son of Ahlai, Adina the son of 
Shiza the Reubenite, head of the Reubenites, and thirty beside him, 

43 44 Hanan the son of Maachah, and Joshaphat the Mithnite, Uzzia 
the Ashterathite, Shama and Jehiel the sonsof Hothan the Aroerite, 

45 46 Jediael the son of Shimri, and Joha his brother, the Tizite, Eliel 
the Mahavite, and Jerihai, and Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam, and 

46 Ithmah the Moabite, Eliel, and Obed, and Jasiel the Mesobaite. 

1 CiiAP. XII. — Now these are they that came to David to Ziklag, 
while he yet kept himself close because of Saul the son of Kish j and 


2 they icere among the heroes helpers in the war. They were armed with 
bows, and could use both the right hand and the left in hurling stones 
and shouting arrows out of a bow, even of Saul's brethren of Benja- 

3 min. The head teas Ahiezer, then Joash, the sons of Shemaah, the 
Gibeathite ; and Jeziel, and Pelet, the sous of Azmaveth ; and Be- 

4 rachah, and Jehu tlie Antothite, And Ismaiah the Gibeonite, a 
hero among the thirty and over the thirty ; and Jeremiah, and Jaha- 

5 ziel, and Johanan, and Josabad the Gederathite, Eluzai, and 
Jerimoth, and Bealiah, and Shemariah, and Shephatiah the Haru- 

6 phite, Elkanah, and Jesiah, and Azareel, and Joezer, and Jasho- 

7 beam, the Korhites, And Joelah, and Zebediah, thesons of Jeroham 

8 of Gedor. And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto 
David into the hold to the desert men of might, and men of war fit 
for the battle, that could handle shield and buckler, whose faces were 
like the faces of lions, and loere as swift as the gazelles upon the 

9 mountains ; Ezer the first, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third, 
10 11 Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth, Attai the sixth, 
12 13 Eliel the seventh, Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth, Jere- 

14 miah the tenth, Machbanai the eleventh. These were of the sons of 
Gad, heads of the host ; one of the least was over a hundred, and the 

15 greatest over a thousand. These are they that went over the Jordan 
in the first month, when it had overflown all its banks ; and they 
put to flight all them of the valleys, both towards the east and towards 

16 the west. And there came of the children of Benjamin and Judah 

17 to the hold unto David. And David went out to meet them, and 
answered and said unto them. If ye be come peaceably unto me to 
help me, my heart shall be knit unto you : but if ye be come to 
betray me to my enemies, seeing there is no wrong in my hands, the 

18 God of our fathers look thereon, and rebuke it. Then a spirit came 
upon Amasi, who teas head of the captains, and he said, Thine ai'e 
we, David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse : peace, peace be unto 
thee, and peace be to tby helpers ; for thy God helpeth thee. Then 

19 David received them, and made them heads of the band. And there 
fell S07ne of Manasseh to David, when he came vv^ith the Philistines 
against Saul in the war : but they helped them not : for the chiefs of 
the Philistines upon advice sent them away, saying. He will fall to 

20 his master Saul to the Jeopardy of our heads. As he went to Ziklag, 
there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, 
and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, heads of the 


2 1 thousands that were of Manasseh. And they helped David against the 
band of the rovers : for they ivere all mighty men of valour, and were 

22 captains in the host. For at that time day by day there came to 
David to help him, until it was a great camp, like the camp of God. 

23 And these are the numbers of the bands that were ready armed to 
the war, and came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul 

21 to him, according to the word of the Eternal. The children of Judah 
that bare shield and spear were six thousand and eight hundred, 

25 ready a. med to the war. Of the children of Simeon, mighty men of 

26 valour for the war, seven thousand and one hundred. Of the chil- 

27 dren of Levi four thousand and six hundred. And Jehoiada was the 
leader of the Aaronites, and with him were three thousand and seven 

28 hundred ; And Zadok, a young man mighty of valour, and of his 

29 father's house twenty and two captains. And of the children of Ben- 
jamin, the kindred of Saul, three thousand : for hitherto the greatest 

30 part of them had kept the ward of the house of Saul. And of the 
children of Ephraim twenty thousand and eight hundred, mighty 

31 men of valour, famous throughout the house of their fathers. Ana 
of the half tribe of Manasseh eighteen thousand, who were expressed 

32 by name, to come and make David king. And of the children of 
Issachar, ivho were men that had understanding of the times, to know 
what Israel ought to do ; the heads of them were two hundred ; and 

33 all their brethren loere at their commandment. Of Zebulun, such 
as went forth to battle, expert in war, with all instruments of war, 
fifty thousand, who could keep rank : they were not of double heart. 

fil And of Naphtali a thousand captains, and with them with shield and 

35 spear thirty and seven thousand. And of the Danites expert in war 

36 twenty and eight thousand and six hundred. And of A.sher, such 

37 as went forth to battle, expert in war, forty thousand. And on the 
other side of the Jordan, of the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and of 
the half tribe of Manasseh, with all manner of instruments of the host 

38 for war, a hundred and twenty thousand. All these men of war, 
that could keep rank, came with a perfect heart to Hebron, to make 
David king over all Israel ; and all the rest also of Israel were of one 

39 heart to make David king. And there they were with David three days, 
eating and drinking : for their brethren had prepared for them. 

40 Moreover they that were nigh unto them, even unto Issachar and 
Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and 
on mules, and on oxen, and meat, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches 

M 2 


of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly : for 
there was joy in Israel. 

1 Chap, xiii.— And David consulted with the officers of the thousands 

2 and hundreds, and with every leader. And David said unto all the 
congregation of Israel, If it seem good unto you, and that it be of the 
Eternal our God, let us send abroad unto our brethren everywhere, 
that are left in all the land of Israel, and with them also to the 
priests and Levites who are in their cities and suburbs, that they 

3 may gather themselves unto us : And let us bring again the ark of 

4 our God to us : for we enquired not at it in the days of Saul. And 
all the congregation said that they would do so : for the thing was 

5 right in the eyes of all the people. So David gathered all Israel 
together, from Shihor of Egy])t even unto the entering of Hemath, 

6 to bring the ark of God from Kirjath-jearira. And David went up, 
and all Israel, to Baalah, that is, to Kirjath-jearim, which belonged 
to Judah, to bring up thence the ark of God the Eternal, that 

7 dwelleth between the cherubim, whose name is called on it. And 
they carried the ark of God in a new cart out of the house of Abi- 

8 nadab : and Uzza and Ahio drave the cart. And David and all 
Israel played before God with all their might, and with singing, and 
with harps, and with psalteries, and with timbrels, and with cymbals, 

9 and with trumpets. And when they came unto the barn of 
Chidon, Uzza put forth his hand to hold the ark ; for the oxen had 

10 broken loose. And the anger of the Eternal was kindled against 
Uzza, and he smote him, because he put his hand to the ark : and 

11 there he died before God. And David was displeased, because the 
Eternal had made a breach upon Uzza : wherefore that place is 

12 called Perez-uzza to this day. And David was afraid of God that 

13 day, saying, How shall I bring the ark of God home to me.? So 
David brought not the ark home to himself in the city of David, but 

14 carried it aside into the house of Obed-edom the Gittile. And the 
ark of God remained with the family of Obed-edom in his house 
three months. And the Eternal blessed the house of Obed-edom, 
and all that he had. 

1 Chap. xiv. — Now Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, 
and timber of cedars, with masons and carpenters, to build him a 

2 house. And David perceived that the Eternal had confirmed him 
king over Israel, for his kingdom was lifted up on high, because of 

3 his people Israel. And David took more wives at Jerusalem ; 

4 and David begat more sons and daughters. Now these are the 



names of Ms children whom he had in Jerusalem ; Shammua, and 

5 Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon, And Ibhar, and Elishua, and 

6 7 Elpalet, And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia, And Elisharaa, 

8 and Beeliada, and Eliphalet. And when the Philistines heard that 
David was anointed king over all Israel, all the Philistines went up 
to seek David. And David heard of it, and went out against them. 

9 And the Philistines came and spread themselves in the valley of 

10 Rephaim. i\.nd David enquired of God, saying, Shall I go up 
against the Philistines ? and wilt thou deliver them into my hand / 
And the Eternal said unto him, Go up ; for I will deliver them into 

1 1 thy hand. So they came up to Baal-perazim ; and David smote 
them there. Then David said, God hath burst in upon mine 
enemies by my hand like the bursting forth of waters : therefore they 

12 called the name of that place Baal-perazim. And when they had left 
their gods there, David gave a commandment, and they were burned 

13 with fire. And the Philistines yet again spread themselves abroad in 

14 the valley. Therefore David enquired again of God ; and God said 
unto him, Go not up after them ; turn away from them, and come 

15 upon them over against the mulberry trees. And it shall be, when 
thou shalt hear a sound of going in the tops of the mulberry trees, 
that then thou shalt go out to the war : for God is gone forth before 

16 thee to smite the camp of the Philistines. David therefore did as 
God commanded him : and they smote the camp of the Philistines 

17 from Gibeon even to Gazer. And the fame of David went out into 
all lands ; and the Eternal brought the fear of him upon all the 

1 Chap. xv. — And David made him houses in the city of David, and 
prepared a place for the ark of God, and pitched for it a tent. 

2 Then David said, None ought to carry the ark of God but the Le- 
vites : for them hath the Eternal chosen to carry the ark of God, 

3 and to minister unto him for ever. And David gathered all Israel 
together to Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the Eternal unto his 

4 place, which he had prepared for it. And David assembled the 

5 children of Aaron and the Levites : Of the sons of Korath ; Uriel 

6 the chief, and his brethren a hundred and twenty : Of the sons of 
Merari ; Asaiah the chief, and his brethren two hundred and twenty : 

7 Of the sons of Gershom ; Joel the chief, and his bretlu-en a hundred 

8 and thirty : Of the sons of Elizaphan ; Shemaiah the chief, and his 

9 brethren two hundred : Of the sons of Hebron ; Eliel the chief, and 

10 his brethren fourscore: Of the sons of Uzziel; Aramiuadab the 


1 1 chief, and his brethren a hundred and twelve. And David called for 
Zadok and Abiathar the priests, and for the Levites, for Uriel, 

12 Asaiah, and Joel, Shemaiah, and Eliel, and Amminadab, And said 
unto them, Ye are the heads of the fathers of the Levites : sanctify 
yourselves, both ye and your brethren, that ye may bring up the ark 
of the Eternal God of Israel unto the place that I have prepared for 

13 it. For because ye did it not at the first, the Eternal our God made 
a breach upon us, for that we sought him not after the clue order. 

14 So the priests and the Levites sanctified themselves to bring up the 

15 ark of the Eternal God of Israel. And the children of the Levites 
bare the ark of God upon their shoulders, with the staves thereon, 

16 as Moses commanded according to the word of the Eternal. And 
David spake to the chief of the Levites to appoint their brethren to 
he the singers with instruments of musick, psalteries, and harps and 

17 cymbals, sounding; by lifting up the voice with joy. So the Levites 
appointed Heman the son of Joel ; and of his brethren Asaph the 
son of Berechiah ; and of the sons of Merari their brethren, Ethen 

18 the son of Kushaiah ; And with them their brethren of the second 
degree, Zechariah, Ben, and Jaaziel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, 
and Unni, Eliab, and Benaiah, and Maaseiah, and Mattithiah, and 
Elipheleh, and Mikneiab, and Obed-edom, and Jeiel, the porters. 

19 So the singers, Heman, Asaph, and Ethan, were appointed to sound 

20 with cymbals of copper ; And Zechariah, and Aziel, and Shemira- 
moth, and Jehiel, and Unni, and Elial), and Maaseiah, and Benaiah, 

21 with psalteries on Alamoth ; And Mattithiah, and Elipheleh, and 
Mikneiab, and Obed-edom, and Jeiel, and Azaziah, with harps on 

22 the Sheminith to excel. And Chenaniah, chief of the Levites, 
was for delivery; he instructed in the delivery, because he was 

23 skilful. And Berechiah and Elkanah ivere porters for the ark. 

24 And Shebaniah, and Jehoshophat, and Nethaneel, and Amasai, and 
Zechariah, and Benaiah, and Eliezer, the priests, did blow with the 
trumpets before the ark of God: and Obed-edom and Jehiah wjcre 

25 porters for the ark. So David and the elders of Israel, and the 
oflncers over the thousands, went to bring up the ark of the covenant of 

26 the Eternal out of the house of Obed-edom with joy. And it came 
to pass, when God helped the Levites that bare the ark of the cove- 
nant of the Eternal, that they offered seven bulls and seven rams. 

27 And David was clothed with a robe of fine linen, and all the Levites 
that bare the ark, and the singers, and Chenaniah the master of the 


song with the singers ; David also had upon him an ephod of linen, 

28 Thus all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of the Eternal 
with shouting, and with sound of the cornet, and with trumpets, and 

29 cymbals, making a noise with psalteries and harps. And it came to 
pass, as the ark of the covenant of the Eternal came to the city of 
David, that Michal the daughter of Saul looking out of the window 
saw king David dancing and playing, and she despised him in her 
heart. - 

1 Chap. xvi. — So they brought the ark of God, and set it in the 
midst of the tent that David had pitched for it ; and they offered 

2 burnt offerings and feast offerings before God. And when David 
had made an end of offering the burnt offerings and the feast offer- 

3 ings, he blessed the people in the name of the Eternal. And he 
dealt to every one of Israel, both man and woman, to every one a 

4 loaf of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a cake of grapes. And 
he appointed certain of the Levites to minister before the ark of the 
Eternal, and to record, and to thank and praise the Eternal God of 

5 Israel : Asaph the chief, and next to him Zechariah, Jeiel, and She- 
miramoth, and Jehiel, and Mattithiah, and Eliab, and Benaiah, and 
Obed-edom: and Jeiel with psalteries and with harps ; but Asaph 

6 made a sound with cymbals ; Benaiah also and Jahaziel the priests 
with trumpets continually before the ark of the covenant of God. 

7 Then on that day David delivered first this psalm to thank the 

8 Eternal into the hand of Asaph and his brethren. Give thanks unto 
the Eternal, call upon his name, make known his deeds among the 

9 peoples. Sing unto him, hymn unto him, talk ye of all his wondrous 

10 works. Glory ye in his holy name : let the heart of them rejoice 

11 that seek the Eternal. Enquire ye after the Eternal and his strength, 

12 seek his face continually. Remember his marvellous works that he 

13 hath done, his wonders, and the judgments of his mouth ; O ye seed 

14 of Israel his servant, ye children of Jacob his chosen ones. He is 

15 the Eternal our God ; his judgments are in all the earth. Be ye 
mindful always of his covenant; the word which he commanded to a 

16 thousand generations ; Even of the covenant which he made with 

17 Abraham, and of his oath unto Isaac ; And hath confirmed the same 

18 to Jacob for a statute, and to Israel /or an everlasting covenant, Say- 
ing, Unto thee will I give the land of Canaan, the lot of your inhe- 

19 ritance ; When ye were but a scanty number, even a few, and 

20 strangers in it. And when they wandered about from nation to 

21 nation, and from one kingdom to another people; He suffered no 

22 man to do them wrong : yea, he reproved kings for their sakes, Say- 

23 iny, 'i'ouch not mine anointed, and do my prophets no harm. Sing 
unto the Eternal all the earth ; proclaim from day to day his salvation. 


24 Declare his work among the nations ; his marvellous works among 

25 all the peoples. For great is the Eternal, and greatly to be praised : 

26 he also is to be feared above all gods. For all the gods of the 

27 peoples are idols ? but the Eternal made the heavens. Glory and 
honour «re in his presence ; strength and gladness are in his place. 

28 Give unto the Eternal, ye families of peoples, give unto the Eternal 

29 glory and strength. Give unto the Eternal the glory due unto his 
name : bring an oblation, and come before him : prostrate yourselves 

30 before the Eternal in the splendour of holiness. Writhe before him 

31 all the earth ; although the world is stable, and tottereth not. Let 
the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice : and let men say 

32 among the nations, the Eternal reigneth. Let the sea roar, and the 

33 fulness thereof : let the field rejoice, and all that is therein. Then 
shall the trees of the wood shout at the presence of the Eternal, 

34 because he cometh to judge the earth. O give thanks unto the 

35 Eternal : for he is good ; for his mercy endureth for ever. And say 
ye. Save us, O God of our salvation, and gather us together, and 
deliver us from the nations, that we may give thanks to thy holy 

36 name, and glory in thy praise. Blessed be the Eternal God of Israel 
for ever and ever. And all the people said Amen, and praised the 

37 Eternal. So he left there before the ark of the covenant of the 
Eternal Asaph and his brethren, to minister before the ark continu- 

38 ally, as every day's work required : And Obed-edom with their 
brethren, threescore and eight : Obed-edom also the son of Jedu- 

39 thuu and Hosah to be porters : And Zadok the priest, and his bre- 
thren the priests, before the tabernacle of the Eternal in the high 

40 place that was at Gibeon, To offer burnt offerings unto the Eternal 
upon the altar of the burnt offering continually morning and evening, 
and to do according to all that is written in the law of the Eternal, 

41 which he commanded Israel; And with them Heman and Jeduthua 
and the rest that were chosen, who were expressed by name, to give 

42 thanks to the Eternal, because his mercy endureth for ever. And 
with them Heman and Jeduthun with trumpets and cymbals for 
those that should make a sound, and with musical instruments of 
God. And the sons of Jeduthun were for the service of the gate. 

43 And all the people went every man to his house : and David returned 
to bless his house. 

1 Chap. xvii. — And it came to pass, as David sat in his house, that 
David said to Nathan the prophet, Lo, I dwell in a house of cedars, 
but the aik of the covenant of the Eternal remahieth under curtains. 

2 Then Nathan said unto David, Do all that is in thy heart; for God 

3 is with thee. And it came to pass the same night, that the word of 

4 God came to Nathan, saying. Go and tell David my servant. Thus 



5 saith the Eternal, Thou shalt not build me a house to dwell in : For 
I have not dwelt in a house since the day that I brought up Israel 
unto this day ; but have gone from tent to tent, and from one dwelling 

6 to another. Wheresoever I have wandered about with all Israel, 
spake I a word to any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to 
feed my people, saying. Why have ye not built me a house of cedars ? 

7 Now therefore thus shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith 
the Eternal of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, even from fol- 
lowing uhe sheep, that thou shouldest be ruler over my people Israel : 

8 And I have been with thee whithersoever thou hast walked, and have 
cut off all thine enemies from before thee, and have made thee a name 

9 like the name of the great ones that are in the earth. Also I will 
ordain a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, and they 
shall dwell in their place, and shall be disquieted no more ; neither 
shall the children of iniquity waste them any more, as at the 

10 beginning. And since the time that I commanded judges to be over 
my people Israel, and subdued all thine enemies, I have announced to 

11 thee that the Eternal will build thee a house. And it shall come to 
pass, when thy days are full that thou must go to be with thy 
fathers, that I will raise up thy seed after thee, who shall be of thy 

12 sons ; and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build me a house, 

13 and I will establish his throne for ever. I will be his father, and he 
shall be my son : and I will not take my mercy away from him, as I 

14 took it from him that was before thee : But I will settle him in my 
house and in my kingdom for ever : and his throne shall be established 

15 for evermore. According to all these words, and according to all this 

16 vision, so did Nathan speak unto David. And David the king came 
and sat before the Eternal, and said, Who am I, O Eternal God, and 

17 what ?5 my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto? An(\. yet 
this was a small thing in thine eyes, O God ; for thou hast also 
spoken of thy servant's house for a great while to come, and hast 
regarded me according to the estate of a man of high degree, O 

18 Eternal God. What can David speak more to thee for the honour 

19 of thy servant ? for thou knowest thy servant. O Eternal, for thy 
servant's sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all 

20 this greatness, in making known all theite great things. O Eternal, 
there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, accord- 

21 ing to all that we have heard with our ears. And who is like thy 
people Israel, the only nation on earth whom God went to redeem to 
be his own people, to make thee a name of greatness and terribleness, 


by driving out nations from before thy people, whom thou hast re- 

22 deemed out of Egypt ? For thy people Israel didst thou make 
thine own people for ever ; and thou, Eternal, becamest their God, 

23 Therefore now, Eternal, let the thing that thou hast spoken concern- 
ing thy servant and concerning his house be verified for ever, and do 

24 as thou hast said. Let it even be verified, that thy name may be 
magnified for ever, saying. The Eternal of hosts is the God of Israel, 
even a God to Israel : and let the house of David thy servant be 

25 established before thee. For thou, O my God, hast told thy servant 
that thou wilt build him a house : therefore thy servant hath found 

26 in his heart to pray before thee. And now. Eternal, thou art God, 

27 and hast promised this goodness unto thy servant : And now thou 
hast been pleased to bless the house of thy servant, that it may be 
before thee for ever — since thou hast blessed, O Eternal, it shall be 
blessed for ever. 

1 Chap, xviii. — Now after this it came to pass, that David smote the 
Philistines, and subdued them, and took Gath and her towns out of 

2 the hand of the Philistines. And he smote Moab ; and the Moab- 

3 ites became David's servants, bringing gifts. And David smote 
Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to stablish his 

4 dominion' by the river Euphrates. And David took from him a 
thousand chariots, and seven thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand 
footmen : David also houghed all the chariot liorses, but reserved 

5 of them a hundred chariots. And when the Syrians of Damascus 
came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two 

6 and twenty thousand men. Then David put garrisons in Syria- 
damascus ; and the Syrians became David's servants, bringing gifts. 

7 Thus the Eternal preserved David whithersoever he went. And David 
took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadarezer, and 

8 brought them to Jerusalem. Likewise from Tibhath, and from Chun, 
cities of Hadarezer, brought David very much copper, wherewith 
Solomon made the copper sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of 

9 copper. Now when Tou king of Hamath heard how David had 

10 smitten all the host of Hadarezer king of Zobah ; He sent Hadoram 
his son to king David, to enquire of his welfare, and to congratulate- 
him, because he had fought against Hadarezer, and smitten him ; — 
for Hadarezer had war with Tou, — and with him all manner of vessels 

1 1 of gold and silver and copper. Them also king David sanctified unto 

1 hand. ^ bless. 


the Eternal, with the silver and the gold that he brought from all 
these nations : from Edom, aad from Moab, and from the children 

12 of Ammon, and from the Philistines, and from Amalek. Moreover 
Abishai the son of Zeruiah smote the Edomites in the valley of salt ; 

13 eighteen thousand. And he put garrisons in Edom ; and all the 
Edomites became David's servants. Thus the Eternal preserved 

14 David whithersoever he went. So David reigned over all Israel, and 

15 executed judgment and justice among all his people. And Joab 
the sou of Zeruiah was over the host ; and Jehoshaphat the son of 

16 Ahilud, recorder. And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Abimelech the 

17 son of Abiathar, xcere the priests; and Shavsha was scribe; And 
Benaiah the son of Jehoiada loas over the Cherethites and the 
Pelethites ; and the sons of David were chief about the king. 

1 Chap. xix. — Now it came to pass after this, that Nahash the king 
of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead. 

2 And David said, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, 
because his father shewed kindness to me. And David sent messengers 
to comfort him concerning his father. So the servants of David 
came into the land of the children of Ammon to Hanun, to comfort 

3 him. But the officers of the children of Amnion said to Hanun, 
Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent 
comforters unto thee ? are not his servants come unto thee for to 

4 search, and to overthrow, and to spy out the land ? Wherefore 
Hanun took David's servants, and shaved them, and cut off their 
garments m the midst hard by their buttocks, and sent them away. 

5 Then there went certain, and informed David concerning the men. 
And he sent to meet them : for the men were greatly ashamed. And 
the king said. Tarry at Jericho, until your beards be grown and then 

G return. And when the children of Ammon saw that they had made 
themselves odious to David, Hanun and the children of Ammon sent a 
thousand talents of silver to hire them chariots and horsemen out of 

7 Mesopotamia, and out of Syria-maachah, and out of Zobah, So 
they hired thirty and two thousand chariots, and the king of 
Maachah and his people; who came and pitched before Medebah. 
And the children of Ammon gathered themselves together from their 

8 cities, and came to the war. And when David heard o/'z7, he sent 

9 Joab, and all the host of the mighty men. And the children of Am- 
mon came out, and put the battle in array before the gate^ of the 
city : and the kings that were come were by themselves in the field. 

10 Now when Joab saw that the battle^ was set against him before and 
behind, he chose out of all the choice of Israel, and put them in array 

11 against the Syrians. And the rest of the people he delivered unto 
the hand of Abishai his brother, and they set themselves in array 

12 against the children of Ammon, And he said. If the Syrians be too 
strong for me, then thou shalthelp me : but if the children of Ammon 

' entrance. * war, 

N 2 


13 be too strong for thee, then I will help thee. Be of good courage, 
and let us behave ourselves valiantly for our people, and for the 
cities of our God : and let the Eternal do that which is good in his 

14 eyes. So Joab and the people that were with him drew nigh before 

15 the Syrians unto the war ; and they fled before him. And when 
the children of Amnion saw that the Syrians were fled, they likewise 
fled before Abishai his brother, and entered into the city. Then 

16 Joab came to Jerusalem. And when the Syrians saw that they were 
put to the worse before Israel, they sent messengers, and drew 
forth the Syrians that were beyond the river ; and Shophach the 

17 captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them. And it was told 
David ; and he gathered all Israel, and passed over the Jordan, and 
came upon them, and set the battle in array against them. So when 
David had put the battle^ in array against the Syrians, they fought 

18 with him. But the Syrians fled before Israel ; and David slew of 
the Syrians seven thousand 7nen toho fought in chariots, and forty 
thousand footmen, and killed Shophach the captain of the host. 

19 And when the servants of Hadarezer saw that thay were put to the 
worse before Israel, they made peace with David, and became his 
servants : neither would the Syrians help the children of Ammon any 

1 Chap. xx. — And it came to pass, that at the expiration^ of the year, 
at the time that kings go out to battle, Joab led forth the power of 
the army, and wasted the country of the children of Ammon, and 
came and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried at Jerusalem. And 

2 Joab smote Rabbah, and destroyed it. And David took the crown 
of their king from off his head, and found it to weigh a talent of gold, 
and there were precious stones in it ; and it was set upon David's 
head : and he brought also exceeding much spoil out of the city. 

3 And he brought out the people that tvere in it, and cut them with 
saws, and with harrows of iron, and with axes. Even so dealt David 
with all the cities of the children of Ammon. And David and all the 

4 people returned to Jerusalem. And it came to pass after this, that 
there arose war at Gezer M'ith the Philistines ; at which time Sibbe- 
chai the Hushathite slew Sippai, that was of the children of the 

5 Refaim, and they were subdued. And there was war again with the 
Philistines ; and Elhanan the son of Jair slew Lahmi the brother of 

6 Goliath the Gittite, whose spear staff" loas like a weaver's beam. And 
yet again there was war at Gath, where was a man of great stature, 
whose fingers and toes were four and twenty, six on each hand, and 

7 six on each foot : and he also was born vmto Rafa. But when he 
defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimea, David's brother, slew 

8 him. These were born unto Rafa in Gath ; and they fell by the 
hand of David, and by the hand of his servants. 

war. 2 relurn. 


1 Chap. xxi. — And an adversary stood up against Israel, and pro- 

2 voked David to count Israel. And David said to Joab and tot he 
officers of the people, Go, number Israel from Beer-sheba even to 
Dan ; and bring the number of them to me, that I may know it. 

3 And Joab answered, The Eternal make his people a hundred times 
so many more as they are : but, my lord the king, are they not all 
my lord's servants ? wherefore then doth my lord require this thing ? 

4 wherefore will be be a cause of guilt to Israel ? Nevertheless the 
king's vvord prevailed against Joab. Wherefore Joab departed, and 

5 went throughout all Israel, and came to Jerusalem. And Joab gave 
the sum of the number of the people unto David. And all they of 
Israel were a thousand thousand and a hundred thousand men that 
drew sword : and Judah was four hundred threescore and ten 

6 thousand men that drew sword. But Levi and Benjamin counted he 

7 not among them : for the king's word was abominable to Joab. And 

8 God was displeased with this thing : therefore he smote Israel. And 
David said unto God, I have sinned greatly, because I have done this 
thing ; but now, I beseech thee, pass by the iniquity of thy servant ; 

9 for I have done very foohshly. And the Eternal spake unto Gad, 

10 David's seer, saying. Go and tell David, saying. Thus saith the 
Eternal, I offer thee three things : choose thee one of them, that I 

11 may do it unto thee. So Gad came to David, and said unto him, 

12 Thus saith the Eternal, Choose^ thee Either three years' famine ; or 
three months to be destroyed before thy foes, while that the sword of 
thine enemies overtaketh thee ; or else three days the sword of the 
Eternal, even a pestilence, in the land, and the angel of the Eternal, 
destroying throughout all the boundary of Israel. Now therefore 
advise thyself what word I shall bring again to him that sent me. 

13 And David said unto Gad, I am in a great strait : let me fall now 
into the hand of the Eternal ; for very great are his mercies : but 

14 let me not fall into the hand of man. So the Eternal sent pestilence 

15 upon Israel : and there fell of Israel seventy thousand men. And 
God sent an angel unto Jerusalem to destroy it : and as he was de- 
stroying, the Eternal beheld, and he repented him of the evil, and 
said to the angel that destroyed. It is enough, stay now thy hand. 
And the angel of the Eternal stood by the barn of Oman 

16 the Jebusite. And David lifted up his eyes, and saw the angel of 
the Eternal stand between the earth and the heaven, having a drawn 
sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and 
the elders of Israel, who were clothed in sackcloth, fell upon their 


17 faces. And David said unto God, Is it not I that commanded the 
people to be counted ? even I it is that have sinned and done evil 
indeed ; but as for these sheep, what have they done ? let thy hand, 
I pray thee, O Eternal my God, be on me, and on my father's house ; 

18 but not on thy people, that they should he plagued. Then the angel 
of the Eternal said to Gad to say to David, that David should 
go up, and set up an altar unto the Eternal in the barn of 

19 Oman the Jebusite. And David went up at the saying of Gad, 

20 which he spake in the name of the Eternal. And Oman turned 
back, and saw the angel ; and his fovir sons with him hid 

21 themselves. Now Oman was threshing wheat. And as David 
came to Oman, Oman looked and saw David, and went out 
of the barn, and prostrated himself before David with his face 

22 to the ground. Then David said to Oman, Grant me the 
place of this barn, that I may build an altar therein unto the 
Eternal : thou shalt grant it me for the full price : that the 

23 plague may be stayed from the people. And Oman said unto 
David, Take it to thee, and let my lord the king do /hat ivhich 
is good in his eyes : lo, I give thee those of the herd also for burnt 
offerings, and the threshing instruments for wood, and the wheat for 

24 the oblation; I give it all. And king David said to Oman, Nay ; 
but I will verily buy it for the full price : for I will not take that 
which is thine for the Eternal, nor offer burnt offerings without 

25 cost. So David gave to Ornan for the place six hundred shekels of 

26 gold by weight. And David built there an altar unto the Eternal, 
and offered burnt offerings and feast offerings, and called upon the 
Eternal; and he answered him from heaven by fire upon the altar of 

27 burnt offering. And the Eternal commanded the angel ; and he put 

28 up his sword again into the sheath thereof. At that time when 
David saw that the Eternal had answered him in the barn 

29 of Ornan the Jebusite, then he sacrificed there. For the dwelling 
of the Eternal, which Moses made in the desert, and the altar of the 

30 burnt offering, uere at that time in the high place at Gibeon. But 
David could not go before it to inquire of God : for he was afraid 
because of the sword of the angel of the Eternal. 

1 Chap. sxii. — Then David said, This is the house of the Eternal 

2 God, and this is the altar of the burnt offering for Israel. And 
David commanded to gather together the strangers that were in the 
land of Israel ; ana he set hewers to hew wrought stones to build the 

3 house of God. And David prepared iron in abundance for the nails 
for the doors of the gates, and for the joinings ; and copper in abund- 

4 ance without weight ; Also cedar trees in abundance ; for the Zido- 

5 nians and they of Tyre brought many cedar trees to David, And David 
said, Solomon my son is young and tender, and the house that is to be 
built for the Eternal must be exceeding magnificent, of fame and of 


glory throughout all countries : I will therefore now make prepara- 

6 tion for it. So David prepared abundantly before his death. Then he 
called for Solomon his son, and commanded him to build a house for 

7 the Eternal God of Israel. And David said to Solomon, My son, as 
for me, it was in my heart to build a house unto the name of the 

8 Eternal my God: But the word of the Eternal came to me, saying. 
Thou hast shed blood abundantly, and hast made great wars : thou 
shalt not build a house unto my name, because thou hast shed much 

9 blood upon the earth in my sight. Behold, a son shall be born unto 
thee, who shall be a man of rest ; and I will give him rest from all his 
enemies round about : for his name shall be Solomon, and I will 

10 give peace and quietness unto Israel in his days. He shall build a 
house for my name ; and he shall be my son, and I will he his father; 
and I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel for ever. 

1 1 Now, my son, the Eternal be with thee ; and prosper thou, and build 

12 the house of the Eternal thy God, as he hath said of thee. Only the 
Eternal give thee wisdom and understanding, and give thee charge 
concerning Israel, that thou mayest keep the law of the Eternal thy 

13 God. Then shalt thou prosper, if thou takest heed to fulfil the sta- 
tutes and judgments which the Eternal commanded Moses concern- 
ing Israel : be strong, and of good courage ; dread not, nor be dis- 

14 mayed. Now, behold, in my trouble I have prepared for the house 
of the Eternal a hundred thousand talents of gold ; and a thousand 
thousand talents of silver ; and of copper and iron without weight ; 
for it is in abundance : timber also and stone have I prepared ; and 

15 thou mayest add thereto. Moreover there are workmen with thee 
in abundance, hewers and workers of stone and timber, and all man- 

16 ner of cunning men for every manner of work. Of the gold, the 
silver, and the copper, and the iron, there is no number. Arise 

17 therefore, and be doing, and the Eternal be with thee. David also 
commanded all the officers of Israel to help Solomon his son, saying, 

18 Is not the Eternal your God with you? and hath he not given you 
rest on every side ? for he hath given the inhabitants of the land into 
my hand ; and the land is subdued before the Eternal, and before 

19 his people. Now set your heart and your soul to seek the Eternal 
your God ; arise therefore, and build ye the sanctuary of the Eternal 
God, to bring the ark of the covenant of the Eternal, and the holy 
vessels of God, into the house that is to be built to the name of the 

1 CfiAP. XXIII. — So when David was old and full of days, he made 

2 Solomon his son king over Israel, And he gathered together all 

3 the officers of Israel, with the priests and the Levitcs. Now the 
Lcvitcs were numbered from the age of thirty years and upwards : and 


their number by their polls, man by man, was thirty and eight 

4 thousand. Of these, twenty and four thousand ivere to superintend 
the work of the house of the Eternal; and six thousand loere bailiffs 

5 and judges : Moreover four thousand were porters ; and four 
thousand praised the Eternal with the instruments which 1 made, 

6 said David, to praise therewith. And David divided them into 
courses among the sons of Levi, namely, Gershon, Kohath, and 

7 8 Merari, Of the Gershonites were, Laadan, and Shimei. The 
sons of Laadan; the head was Jehiel, and Zetham, and Joel, three. 

9 The sons of Shimei; Shelomith, and Haziel, and Haran, three. 

10 These were the heads of the fathers of Laadan. And the sons of 
Shimei were, Jahath, Zina, and Jeush, and Beriah. These four were 

11 the sons of Shimei. And Jahath was the head, and Zizah the se- 
cond : but Jeush and Beriah had not many sons ; therefore they 

12 were in one reckoning, according to their father's house. The sons 

13 of Kohath ; Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel, four. The sons of 
Amram ; Aaron, and Moses : and Aaron was separated, to sanctify 
him as most holy,^ him and his sons for ever, to burn incense before 
the Eternal, to minister unto him, and to bless in his name for ever. 

14 Now concerfiing Moses the man of God, his sons were named of the 

15 16 tribe of Levi. The sons of Moses z/;e?'e, Gershom, and Eliezer. Of 

17 the sons of Gershom, Shebuel was the head. And the sons of Elie- 
zer were, Rehabiah the head. And Eliezer had none other sons ; but 

18 the sons of Rehabiah were very many. Of the sons of Izhar ; She- 

19 lomith the head. Of the sons of Hebron; Jeriah the first, Amariah 

20 the second, Jahaziel the third, and Jekameam the fourth. Of the 

21 sons of Uzziel ; Micah the first, and Jesiah the second. The sons 
of Merari ; Mahli, and Mushi. The sons of Mahli ; Eleazar, and 

22 Kish. And Eleazar died, and had no sons, but daughters : and their 

23 brethren the sons of Kish took them. The sons of Mushi ; Mahli, 

24 and Eder, and Jeremoth, three. These i^^ere the sons of Levi after 
the house of their fathers ; even the heads of the fathers, as they 
were counted by number of names by their polls, that did the work 
for the service of the house of the Eternal, from the age of twenty 

2.5 years and upwards. For David said. The Eternal God of Israel 

hath given rest unto his people, that they may dwell in Jerusalem for 

26 ever: And also unto the Levites ; they shall no more carry the 

* holy of holies. 


27 dwelling, nor any vessels of it for the service thereof. For by the 
last words of David the Levites were numbered from twenty years 

28 old and above : Because their office ivas to wait on the sons of 
Aaron for the service of the house of the Eternal, in the courts, and 
in the chambers, and in the purifying of all holy things, and the 

29 work of the service of the house of God; Both for the shewbread, 
and for the fine flour for oblation, and for the unleavened cakes, 
and for that which is baked in the pan, and for that which is 

30 fried, and for all manner of measure and size ; And to stand 
every morning to thank and praise the Eternal, and likewise 

31 at even; And to offer all burnt sacrifices unto the Eternal in 
the Sabbaths, in the new moons, and on the appointed festi- 
vals, by number, according to the order commanded unto them, 

32 continually before the Eternal : And that they should keep the 
charge of the tent of appointment, and the charge of the holy place, 
and the charge of the sons of Aaron their brethren, in the service of 
the house of the Eternal. 

1 Chap. xxiv. — Now these are the divisions of the sons of Aaron. 
The sons of Aaron ; Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. 

2 But Nadab and Abihu died before their father, and had no children : 

3 therefore Eleazar and Ithamar executed the priest's office. And 
David distributed them, both Zadok of the sons of Eleazar, and 
Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar, according to their offices in their 

4 service. And there were more chief men found of the sons of Elea- 
zar than of the sons of Ithamar; and thus were they divided. 
Among the sons of Eleazar there were sixteen chief men of the house 
of their fathers, and eight among the sons of Ithamar according to 

5 the house of their fathers. Thus were they divided by lot, one sort 
with another ; for the governors of the sanctuary, and governors of 
the house of God, were of the sons of Eleazar, and of the sons of 

6 Ithamar. And Shemaiah the son of Nethaneel the scribe, one of the 
Levites, wrote them before the king, and the officers, and Zadok the 
priest, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, and before the heads of 
the fathers of the priests and Levites : one principal household being 

7 taken for Eleazar, and one taken for Ithamar. Now the first lot 

8 came forth to Jehoiarib, the second to Jedaiah, The third to Harim, 

9 the fourth to Seorim, The fifth to Melchijah, the sixth to Mijamin, 
10 11 The seventh to Hakkoz, the eighth to Aliijah, The ninth to 

12 Jeshuah, the tenth to Shecaniah, The eleventh to Eliashib, the 

13 twelfth to Jakim, The thirteenth to Huppah, the fourteenth to 

14 Jeshebeab, The fifteenth to Bilgah, the sixteenth to Immer, 

15 16 The seventeenth to Hezir, the eighteenth to Aphses, The nine- 

17 teenth to Pethahiah, the twentieth to Jehezekel, The one and 

18 twentieth to Jachin, the two and twentieth to Gamul, The three 



1 9 and twentieth to Delaiah, the four and twentieth to Maaziah. These 
were the orderings of them in their service to come into the house of 
the Eternal, according to their manner, under Aaron their father, as 

20 the Eternal God of Israel had commanded him. And the rest of 
the sons of Levi were these : Of the sons of Amram ; Shubael : of 

21 the sons of Shubael ; Jehdeiah. Concerning Rehabiah: of the sons 

22 of Rehabiah, the first was Isshiah, Of the Izharites ; Siielomoth : of 

23 the sons of Shelomoth ; Jahath. And the sons of Hebron ; Jeriah 
the Jirstf Amariah the second, Jahaziel the third, Jekameam the 

24 fourth. Of the sons of Uzziel ; Michah : of the sons of Michah ; 

25 Shamir. The brother of Michah was Isshiah : of the sons of Isshiah ; 

26 Zechariah. The sons of Merari wet'e Mahli and Mushi : the sons of 

27 Jaaziah, Bene. The sons of Merari by Jaaziah ; Beno, andShoham, 
8 and Zaccur, and Ibri. Of Mahli cajne Eleazar, who had no sons, 

29 30 Concerning Kish : the son of Kish was Jerahmeel. The sons 
also of Mushi ; Mahli, and Eder, and Jerimoth. These were the 

31 sons of the Levites after the house of their fathers. These likewise 
cast lots over against their brethren the sons of Aaron in the pre- 
sence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the heads 
of the fathers of the priests and Levites, even the principal fathers 
over against their younger brethren. 

1 Chap. xxv. — Moreover David and the captains of the host separated 
to the service of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, 
who should prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals : 

2 and the number of the workmen according to their service was : Of 
the sons of Asaph ; Zaccur, and Joseph, and Nethaniah, and Asarelah, 
the sons of Asaph under the hands of Asaph, who prophesied 

3 according to the order of the king. Of Jeduthun : the sons of 
Jeduthun ; Gedaliah, and Zeri, and Jeshaiah, Hashabiah, and Matti- 
thiah, six, under the hands of their father Jeduthun, who prophesied 

4 with a harp, to give thanks and to praise the Eternal. Of Heman : the 
sons of Heman ; Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shebuel, and Jeri- 
moth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, and Romamti-ezer, 

5 Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, and Mahazioth: All these were the 
sons of Heman the king's seer in the words of God, to lift up the 
horn. And God gave to Heman fourteen sons and three daughters. 

6 All these ivere under the hands of their father for song in the house 
of the Eternal, with cymbals, psalteries, and harps, for the service of 
the house of God, according to the king's order to Asaph, Jeduthun, 

7 and Heman. So the number of them, with their brethren that were 
instructed in the songs of the Eternal, even all that were cunning, was 

8 two hundred fourscore and eight. And they cast lots, ward against 


9 ward, as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar. Now 
the first lot came forth for Asaph to Joseph; the second to Gedaliah, 
who with his brethren and sons ware twelve : 

10 The third to Zaccur, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve : 

1 1 The fourth to Izri, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve : 

12 The fifth to Nethaniah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve : 

13 The sixth to Bukkiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, icere twelve : 

14 The seventh to Jesharelah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were 

twel v'e : 

15 The eighth to Jeshaiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 

16 The ninth to Mattaniah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were 

twelve : 

17 The tenth to Shimei, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve : 

18 The eleventh to Azareel, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve : 

19 The twelfth to Hashabiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were 

twelve : 

20 The thirteenth to Shubael, he, his sons, and his brethren, were 

twelve : 

21 The fourteenth to Mattithiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were 

twelve : 

22 The fifteenth to Jerimoth, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 

23 The sixteenth to Hananiah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were 

twelve : 

24 The seventeenth to Joshbekashah, he, his sons, and his brethren, 

icere twelve : 

25 The eighteenth to Hanani, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve : 

26 The nineteenth to Mallothi, he, his sons, and his brethren, were 

twelve : 

27 The twentieth to Eliathah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were 

twelve : 

28 The one and twentieth to Hothir, he, his sons, and his brethren, 

were twelve : 

29 The two and twentieth to Giddalti, he, his sons, and his brethren, 

were twelve: 

30 The three and twentieth to Mahazioth, he, his sons, and his brethren, 

were twelve : 

31 The four and twentieth to Roniamtiezer, he, his sons, and his bre- 

thren, were twelve. 

1 CriAP. XXVI. — Concerning the divisions of the porters : Of the Kor- 

2 bites was Meshelemiah the son of Kore, of the sons of Asaph, And 
the sons of Meshelemiah tcere, Zechariah the firstborn, Jediael the 

3 second, Zebadiah the third, Jathniel the fourth, Elani the fifth, 

4 Jehohanan the sixth, Elioenai the seventh. Moreover the sons of 
Obed-edom loere, Shemaiah the firstborn, Jehozabad the second. 

o 2 


5 Joah the thircl, and Sacar the fourth, and Nethaneel the fifth, Am- 
miel the sixth, Issachar the seventh, Peulthai the eighth : for God 

6 blessed him. Also unto Shemaiah his son were sons born, that ruled 
throughout the house of their father : for they were mighty men of 

7 valour. The sons of Shemaiah; Othni, and Rephael, and Obed, 
Elzabad, whose brethren loere men of valour, Elihu, and Semachiah. 

8 All these of the sons of Obed-edom : they and their sons and their 
brethren, able men of strength for the service, were threescore and 

9 two of Obed-edom. And Meshelemiah had sons and brethren, men 

10 of valour, eighteen. Also Hosah, of the children of Merari, had sons; 
Simri the chief, — for though he was not the firstborn, yet his father 

11 made him the head ; — Hilkiah the second, Tebaliah the third, Ze- 
chariah the fourth : all the sons and brethren of Hosah were thirteen, 

12 Among these were the divisions of the porters, even among the chief 
men, having wards one against another, to minister, in the house of 

13 the Eternal. And they cast lots, as well the small as the great, 

14 according to the house of their fathers, for every gate. And the lot 
eastward fell to Shelemiah. Then for Zechariah his son, a wise coun- 

15 sellor, they cast lots ; and his lot came out northward. To Obed-edom 

16 southward; and to his sons the house of Asuppim. To Shuppim and 
Hosah the lot came forth westward, with the gate Shallecheth, by 

17 the causeway of the going up, ward against ward. Eastward were six 
Levites, northward four a day, southward four a day, and towards 

18 Asuppim two and two. At Parbar westward, four at the causeway, 

19 and two at Parbar. These are the divisions of the porters among the 

20 sons of Kore, and among the sons of Merari. And of the Levites, 
Ahijah was over the treasures of the house of God, and over the trea- 

21 sures of the hallowed things. As concerning the sons of Laadan ; 
the sons of the Gershonite Laadan, heads of the fathers, even of 

22 Laadan the Gershonite, were Jehieli. The sons of Jehieli ; Zetham, 
and Joel his brother, who were over the treasures of the house of the 

23 Eternal. Of the Amramites, and the Izharites, the Hebronites, and 

24 the Uzzielites : And Shebuel the son of Gershom, the son of Moses, 

25 was ruler over the treasures. And his brethren by Eliezer ; Reha- 
biah his son, and Jeshaiah his son, and Joram his son, and Zichri 

26 his son, and Shelomith his son. Which Shelomith and his brethren 
were over all the treasures of the hallowed things, which David the kino- 
and the heads of the fathers, the officers over the thousands and hun- 

27 dreds, and the officers of the host, had hallowed. Out of the spoils won 
in the wars did they hallow to maintain the house of the Eternal. 

28 And all that Samuel the seer, and Saul the son of Kish, and Abner 
the son ofNer, and Joab the son of Zeruiah, had hallowed; owe? who- 


soever had hallowed any thing, it was under the hand of Shelomith 

29 and of his brethren. Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons were 

30 for the outward business over Israel, for officers and judges. And of 
the Hebronites, Hashabiah and his brethren, men of valour, a 
thousand and seven hundred, icere officers among them of Israel on this 
side of the Jordan westward in all the business of the Eternal, and in 

31 the service of the king. Among the Hebronites was Jerijah the 
head, eutn among the Hebronites, according to the generations of his 
fathers. In the fortieth year of the reign of David they were sought 
for, and there were found among them mighty men of valour at 

32 Jazer of Gilead. And his brethren, men of valour, were two 
thousand and seven hundred heads of the fathers, whom king David 
appointed over the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half tribe of 
Manasseh, for every matter pertaining to God, and every matter 
of the king. 

1 Chap, xxvii. — Now the children of Israel after their number, to wit, 
the heads of the fathers, and officers of the thousands and the hundreds, 
and their baiUffs that served the king in any matter of the courses, 
which came in and went out month by month throughout all the months 

2 of the year, of every course were twenty and four thousand. Over the 
first course of the first month icas Jashobeam the son of Zabdiel : 

.3 and in his course were twenty and four thousand. Of the children 
of Perez loas the head of all the officers of the host for the first 

4 month. And over the course of the second month vjas Dodai an 
Ahohite, and of his course was Mikloth also the ruler : in his course 

5 likewise were twenty and four thousand. The third officer of the 
host for the third month was Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, a chief 

6 priest : and in his course were twenty and four thousand. This is 
, that Benaiah, who was mighty among the thirty, and above the thirty : 

7 and in his course was Ammizabad his son. The fourth captain for 
the fourth month was Asahel the brother of Joab, and Zebadiah his 
son after him : and in his course were twenty and four thousand. 

8 The fifth officer for the fifth month was Shamhuth the Izrahite : and 

9 in his course were twenty and four thousand. The sixth captain for 
the sixth month was Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite : and in his 

10 course were twenty and four thousand. The seventh captain for the 
seventh month was Helez the Pelonite, of the children of Ephraim : 

11 and in his course ivere twenty and four thousand. The eighth captain 
for the eighth month loas Sibbecai the Hushathitc, of the Zarhites : 


12 and in his course were twenty and four thousand. The ninth captain 
for the ninth month was Abiezer the Anetothite, of the Benjamites : 

1 3 and in his course were twenty and four thousand. The tenth captain 
for the tenth month was Maharai the Netophathite, of the Zarhites : 

14 and in his course were twenty and four thousand. The eleventh 
captain for the eleventh month was Benaiah the Pirathonite, of 
the children of Ephraim : and in his course were twenty and four 

15 thousand. The twelfth captain for the twelfth month was Heldai the 
Netophathite, of Othniel : and in his course were twenty and four 

16 thousand. Furthermore over the tribes of Israel : the ruler of the 
Reubenites was Eliezer the son of Zichri : of the Simeonites, She- 

17 phatiah the son of Maachah : Of the Levites, Hashabiah the son of 

18 Kemuel : of the Aaronites, Zadok : Of Judah, Elihu, one of the 

19 brethren of David : of Issachar, Omri the son of Michael : Of 
Zebulun, Ishmaiah the son of Obadiah : of Naphtali, Jerimoth the 

20 son of Azriel : Of the children of Ephraim, Hoshea the son of 

21 Azaziah : of the half tribe of Manasseh, Joel the son of Pedaiah : Of 
the half tribe of Manasseh in Gilead, Iddo the son of Zechariah : of 

22 Benjamin, Jaasiel the son of Abner : Of Dan, Azareel the son of 

23 Jeroham. These ivere the officers of the tribes of Israel. But David 
took not the number of them from twenty years old and under : 
because the Eternal had said he would increase Israel like to the stars 

24 of the heavens. Joab the son of Zeruiah began to number, but he 
finished not, because there fell wrath for it against Israel ; neither 
was the number put in the account of the chronicles of king David. 

25 And over the king's treasures icas Azmaveth the son of Adiel : and 
over the storehouses in the fields, in the cities, and in the villages, 

2G and in the castles, ivas Jehonathan the son of Uzziah : And over 
them that did the work of the field for tillage of the ground ivas Ezli 

27 the son of Chelub : And over the vineyards was Shimei the Rama- 
thite : over the increase of the vineyards for the wine stores was 

28 Zabdi the Shiphmite : And over the olive trees and the sycomore 
trees that ivere in the low plains %cas Baal-hanan the Gederite : and 

29 over the stores of oil ivas Joash : And over the herds that fed in 
Sharon loas Shitrai the Sharonite : and over the herds that were in 

30 the valleys loas Shaphat the son of Adlai : Over the camels also 
ocas Obil the Ishniaelite : and over the asses was Jehdeiah the Mero- 

31 nothite : And over the flocks ?(;a5 Jaziz the Hagerite. All these 


32 were the officers over the substance which was king David's. Also 
Jonathan David's uncle was a counsellor, a wise man, and a scribe : 

33 and Jehiel the son of Hachmoni 7vas with the king's sons : And 
Ahitophel was the king's counsellor : and Hushai the Archite tvas 

34 the king's companion : And after Ahitophel was Jehoiada the son 
of Benaiah, and Abiathar : and the captain^ of the king's host was 

1 Chap, xxviii. — And David assembled all the officers of Israel, the 
officers of the tribes, and the officers of the companies that minis- 
tered to the king by course, and the officers over the thousands, and 
the officers over the hundreds, and the stewards- over all the sub- 
stance and possession of the king, and of his sons, with the officers, 
and with the mighty men, and with the valiant men, unto Jerusalem. 

2 Then David the king stood upon his feet, and said. Hear me, my 
brethren, and my people : As for me, I had in my heart to build a 
house of rest for the ark of the covenant of the Eternal, and for the 

3 footstool of our God, and had made ready for the building : But 
God said unto me, Thou shalt not build a house for my name, because 

4 thou hast been a man of war, and hast shed blood. Howbeifc the 
Eternal God of Israel chose me before all the house of my father to 
be king over Israel for ever : for he hath chosen Judah to be the 
ruler ; and of the house of Judah, the house of my father : and among 
the sons of my father he liked me to make me king over all Israel. 

5 And of all my sons — for the Eternal hath given me many sons — he 
hath chosen Solomon my son to sit upon the throne of the kingdom 

6 of the Eternal over Israel. And he said unto me, Solomon thy son, 
he shall build my house and my courts : for I have chosen him to be 

7 my son, and I will be his father. Moreover I will establish his 
kingdom for ever, if he be constant to do my commandments and my 

8 judgments, as at this day. Now therefore in the eyes of all Israel 
the congregation of the Eternal, and m the audience of our God, 
keep and seek for all the commandments of the Eternal your God : 
that ye may possess this good land, and leave it for an inheritance 

9 for your children after you for ever. And thou, Solomon my son, 
know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart 
and with a willing soul : for the Eternal searcheth all hearts, and 
understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts : if thou seek him 
he will be found of thee ; but if thou lorsake him, he will cast thee 

10 ofl' for ever. Take heed now : for the I^'.ternal hath ciiosen thee to 

1 1 build a house for the sanctuary : be strong, and do it. Then David 
gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and of the houses 
thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper chambt^rs 
tiiereof, and of the inner parlours thereof, and of the place of the 

I'Z cover. And the j)attern of all that he had by the spirit, of the courts 
of the house of the Eternal, and of all the chambers round about, of 

' t'llitcr. - cuiiuclis. 


the treasuries of the house of God, and of the treasuries of the hal- 
13 lowed things : Also for the courses of the priests and the Levites, 

and for all the work of the service of the house of the Eternal, and 
] 4 for all the vessels of service in the house of the Eternal. He gave of 

gold by weight for tilings of gold, for all vessels of all manner of 

service ; silver also for all vessels of silver by weight, for all 

15 vessels of every kind of service : Even the weight of the lamp- 
stand of gold, and for their lamps of gold, by weight for every 
lampstand, and for the lamps thereof: and for the lampstand of silver 
by weight, both for the lampstand, and also for the lamps thereof, 

16 according to the use of every lampstand. And by weight he gave 
gold for the tables of shewbread, for every table ; and likeioise silver 

17 for the tables of silver : Also pure gold for the fleshhooks, and the 
bowls, and the cups : and for the golden basons he gave gold by 
weight for every bason; and likerche silver' hj v^eighi for every bason 

IS of silver; And for the altar of incense refined gold by weight : and 
ffold for the pattern of the chariot of the cherubim that spread out 

19 their wings, nnd covered the ark of the covenant of the Eternal. AH 
this, said David, the Eternal made me understand in writing by his 

20 hand upon me, even all the works of this pattern. And David said 
to Solomon his son, Be strong and of good courage, and do // ; fear 
not, nor be dismayed : for the Eternal God, even my God, will be 
with thee ; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee, until thou hast 
finished all the work for the service of the house of the Eternal. 

21 And, behold, the courses of the priests and the Levites, even they 
shall be with thee for all the service of the house of God : and there 
shall be with thee for all manner of workmanship every willing skilful 
man, for any manner of service : also the officers and all the people 
will be wholly at thy commandment. 

1 Chap, xxix, — Furthermore David the king said unto all the con- 
gregation, Solomon my son, whom alone God hath chosen, is yet 
young and tender, and the work is great : for the palace^ is not for 

2 man, but for the Eternal God. Now I have prepared with all my 
might for the house of my God the gold for things to be made of 
gold, and the silver for tilings of silver, and the copper for things of 
copper, the iron for things of iron, and wood for things of wood ; onyx 
stones, and stones to be set, glistering stones, and of diver colours, 
and all manner of precious stones, and marble stones in abundance. 

3 Moreover, because 1 have set my affection to the house of my God, 
I have given, of mine own proper good, of gold and silver, to the 
house of my God, over and above all that I have prepared for the 

4 holy house, Even three thousand talents of gold, of the gold of 
Ophir, and seven thousand talents of refined silver, to overlay the 

5 walls of the houses i6'i^Afl/ ; The gold for things of gold, and the 
silver for tilings of silver, and for all manner of work to be made by 
the hands of artificers. And who then is willing to consecrate his 

6 service^ this day unto the Eternal ? Then the officers of the fathers 
and the officers of the tribes of Israel, and the officers of the thou- 

' castle. ^ to till his hands. 


sands and of the hundreds, with the officers of the king's work, 

7 oifered willingly, And gave for the service of the house of God of 
gold five thousand talents and ten thousand drams, and of silver ten 
thousand talents, and of copper eighteen thousand talents, and one 

8 hundred thousand talents of iron. And they with whom precious 
stones were found gave them to the treasure of the house of the 

9 Eternal, by the hand of Jehiel the Gershonite. Then the people 
rejoiced, for that they offered willingly, because with perfect heart they 
offered willingly to the Eternal : and David the king also rejoiced 

10 with great joy. Wherefore David blessed the Eternal before all the 
congregation : and David said. Blessed be thou, Eternal God of 

11 Israel our father, for ever and ever. Thine, O Eternal, is the great- 
ness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty ; 
for all that is in the heaven and in the earth is thine ; thine is the 

12 dominion, O Eternal, and thou art exalted as head above all. Both 
riches and honour come of thee, and thou rulest over all ; and in thy 
hand is power and might ; and in thy hand it is to make great, and 

13 to give strength unto all. Now therefore, our God, we thank thee, 

14 and praise thy glorious name. But who am I, and what is my 
people, that we should be able to offer so willingly after this sort ? for 

15 all things come of thee, and of thine own have we given thee. For 
we are strangers before thee, and sojourners, as ivere all our fathers : 

16 our days on the earth are as a shadow, and there is none abiding-. O 
Eternal our God, all this store that we have prepared to build thee a 

17 house for thy holy name cometh of thy hand, and is all thy own. I 
know also, my God, that thou triest the heart, and hast pleasure in 
uprightness. As for me, in the uprightness of my heart I have 
willingly offered all these things : and now have I seen with joy thy 

18 people, who are present here, to offer willingly unto thee. O 
Eternal God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel, our fathers, keep 
this for ever in the imagination of the thoughts of the heart of thy 

19 people, and prepare their heart unto thee : And give unto Solomon 
my son a perfect heart, to keep thy commandments, thy testimonies, 
and thy statutes, and to do all these things, and to build the palace,^ 

20 for the which I have made provision. And David said to all the 

congregation, Now bless the Eternal your God. And all the con- 
gregation blessed the Eternal God of their fathers, and bowed down 
their heads, and prostrated themselves before the Eternal, and the 

21 king. And they sacrificed sacrifices unto the Eternal, and offered 
burnt offerings unto the Eternal, on the morrow after that day, even 
a thousand bulls, a thousand rams, and a thousand lambs, with their 

' castle. 


22 drink offerings, and sacrifices in abundance for all Israel : And did 
eat and drink before the Eternal on that day with great gladness. 
And they made Solomon the son of David king the second time, and 
anointed Mm unto the Eternal to be leader, and Zadok to be priest. 

23 Then Solomon sat on the throne of the Eternal as king instead of 

24 David his father, and prospered ; and all Israel obeyed him. And 
all the officers, and the heroes, and all the sons likewise of king David, 

25 submitted themselves unto Solomon the king. And the Eternal 
magnified Solomon exceedingly in the eyes of all Israel, and bestowed 
upon him such royal majesty as had not been on any king before 

26 him in Israel. Thus David the son of Jesse reigned over all 

27 Israel. And the time that he reigned over Israel was forty years ; 
seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years 

28 reigned he in Jerusalem. And he died in a good old age, full of 
days, riches, and honour : and Solomon his son reigned in his stead. 

29 Now the acts^ of David the king, the first and the last, behold they 
are written in the book of Samuel the seer, and in the book of 

30 Nathan the prophet, and in the book of Gad the seer, With all his 
reign and his might, and the times that went over him, and over 
Israel, and over all the kingdoms of the countries. 



1 Chap. i. — And Solomon the son of David was strengthened in his 
kingdom, and the Eternal his God was with him, and magnified 

2 him exceedingly. Then Solomon spake unto all Israel, to the of- 
ficers of the thousands and of hundreds, and to the judges, and to 

3 every prince in all Israel, the heads of the fathers. So Solomon, and 
all the congregations with him, went to the high place that 7vas at 

* words. 


Gibeon ; for there was the God's appointed tent, which Moses the 

4 servant of the Eternal had made in the desert. But the ark of God 
had David brought up from Kirjath-jearim to the place which David 
had prepared for it : for he had pitched a tent for it at Jerusalem. 

5 Moreover the copper altar, that Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of 
Hur, had made, he put before the dwelling of the Eternal : and 

6 Solomon and the congregation sought unto it. And Solomon went 
up thither to the copper altar before the Eternal, which was at the 

7 appointed tent, and offered a thousand burnt offerings upon it. In 
that night did God appear unto Solomon, and said unto him. Ask 

8 what I shall give thee. And Solomon said unto God, Thou hast 
shewed' great mercy unto David my father, and hast made me to 

9 reign in his stead. Now, O Eternal God, let thy word unto David 
my father be verified : for thou hast made me king over a people like 

10 the dust of the earth in multitude. Give me now wisdom and know- 
ledge, that I may go out and come in before this people : for who 

1 1 can judge this thy people, that is so great ? And God said to Solo- 
mon, Because this was in thy heart, and thou hast not asked riches, 
wealth, or honour, nor the life of thine enemies, neither yet hast 
asked long life ; but hast asked wisdom and knowledge for thyself, 
that thou mayest judge my people, over whom I have made thee 

12 king: Wisdom and knowledge is granted unto thee; and I will 
give thee riches, and wealth, and honour, such as none of the kings 
have had that have been before thee, neither shall there any after 

13 thee have the like. Then Solomon came from his journey to the 
high place that was at Gibeon to Jerusalem, from before the ap- 

14 pointed tent, and reigned over Israel. And Solomon gathered cha- 
riots and horsemen : and he had a thousand and four hundred 
chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen, which he placed in the 

15 chariot cities, and with the king at Jerusalem. And the king made 
the silver and gold at Jerusalem as plenteous as stones, and the cedar 
trees made he as the sycomore trees that are in the vale for abund- 

16 ance. And the importation of the horses which belonged to Solo- 
mon was from Egypt : and a company of the king's merchants took 

17 the troop at a price. And they fetched up, and brought forth out of 
Egypt a chariot for six hundred shekels of silver, and a horse for a 
hundred and fifty : and so brought they out horses for all the kings 

18 of the Hittites, and for the kings of Syria, by their means. And 
Solomon determined to build a house for the name of the Eternal, 
and a house for his kingdom. 


p 2 


1 Chap. ii. — And Solomon told out threescore and ten thousand men 
to bear burdens, and fourscore thousand to hew in the mountain, 

2 and three thousand and six hundred to direct them. And Solomon 
sent to Huram the king of Tyre, saying, As thou didst deal with 
David my father, and didst send him cedars to build him a house to 

3 dwell therein, even so deal with me. Behold, I build a house to the 
name of the Eternal my God, to sanctify it to him, and to burn 
before him incense of aromatics, and for the continual shewbread, 
and for burnt offerings in the morning and evening, on the sabbaths, 
and on the new moons, and on the appointed seasons of the Eternal 

4 our God. This is an ordinance for ever to Israel. And the house 

5 which I build is great : for great is our God above all gods. But 
who is able to build him a house, seeing the heaven and heaven of 
heavens cannot contain him ? who am I then, that I should build 

6 him a house, save only to burn sacrifice before him ? Send me now 
therefore a man cunning to work in the gold, and in the silver, and 
in the copper, and in the iron, and in the red purple, and crimson, 
and blue purple, and that can skill to grave with the cunning men 
that are with me in Judah and in Jerusalem, whom David my father 

7 did provide. Send me also cedar trees, fir trees, and algum trees, out of 
the Lebanon : for I know that thy servants can skill to cut timber in 

8 the Lebanon ; and behold my servants shall be with thy servants, Even 
to prepare me timber in abundance ; for the house which I am about 

9 to build shall be wonderful great. And, behold, I will give to thy 
servants, the hewers that cut timber, twenty thousand cors of beaten 
wheat, and twenty thousand cors of barley, and twenty thousand 

10 baths of wine, and twenty thousand baths of oil. Then Huram the 
king of Tyre answered in writing, which he sent to Solomon, Be- 
cause the Eternal hath loved his people he hath made thee king over 

11 them. Huram said moreover. Blessed be the Eternal God of Israel 
that made heaven and earth, who hath given to David the king a 
wise son, endued with prudence and understanding, that might build 

12 a house for the Eternal, and a house for his kingdom. And now I 
have sent a cunning man, endued with understanding, Huram 

13 Abi, The son of a woman of the daughters of Dan, and his 
father ivas a man of Tyre, skilful to work in the gold, and in the sil- 
ver, in the copper, in the iron, in the stone, and in the timber, in the 
red purple, in the blue purple, and in the fine linen, and in the crim- 
son ; also to grave any manner of graving, and to find out every 
device which shall be put to him, with thy cunning men, and with 


14 the cunning men of my lord David thy father. Now therefore the 
wheat, and the barley, the oil, and the wine, which my lord 

15 hath spoken of, let him send unto his servants : And we will cut 
wood out of the Lebanon, as much as thou shalt need : and we will 
bring it to thee in flotes by sea to Joppa ; and thou shalt carry it up 

IG to Jerusalem. And Solomon numbered all the strangers that were in 
the land of Israel, after the numbering wherewith David his father 
had numbered them ; and they were found a hundred and fifty thou- 

17 sand and three thousand and six hundred. And he set threescore 
and ten thousand of them to be bearers of burdens, and fourscore 
thousand to be hewers in the mountain, and three thousand and six 
hundred directors to set the people a work. 

1 Chap. hi. — Then Solomon began to build the house of the Eternal 
at Jerusalem in mount Moriah, where the Eternal appeared unto 
David his father, in the place that David had prepared in the barn 

2 of Oman the Jebusite. And he began to build in the second day 

3 of the second month, in the fourth year of his reign. Now these 
are the tilings wherein Solomon was instructed for the building of 
the house of God. The length by cubits after the first measure was 

4 threescore cubits, and the breadth twenty cubits. And the porch 
that tvas in the front of the hou^e, the length of it was according to 
the breadth of the house, twenty cubits, and the height was a hun- 

5 dred and twenty : and he overlaid it within with pure gold. And 
the greater house he ceiled with fir tree, which he overlaid with fine 

6 gold, and set thereon palm trees and chains. And he overlaid the 
house with precious stones for beauty : and the gold was gold of 

7 Parvaim. He overlaid also the house, the beams, the posts, and the 
walls thereof, and the doors thereof, with gold ; and graved cherubim 

8 on the walls. And he made the most holy house, the length 
whereof loas according to the breadth of the house, twenty cubits, 
and the breadth thereof twenty cubits : and he overlaid it with fine 

9 gold, amounting to six hundred talents. And the weight of the nails 
ivas fifty shekels of gold. And he overlaid the upper chambers with 

10 gold. And in the most holy house he made two cherubim of image 

11 work, and overlaid them with gold. And the wings of the cherubim 
were twenty cubits long : one wing of the one cherub was five cubits, 
reaching to the wall of the house : and the other wing was likewise 

12 five cubits, reaching to the wing of the other cherub. And one wing 
of the other cherub was five cubits, reaching to the wall of the house : 
and the other wing was five cubits also, joining to the wing of the 

13 other cherub. The wings of these cherubim spread themselves forth 
twenty cubits : and they stood on their feet, and their faces were 

14 inward. And he made the vail ©/"blue purple, and red purple, and 


1 5 crimson, and fine linen, and wrought cherubim thereon. Also he 
made before the house two columns of thirty and five cubits high, 
and the chapiter that uas on the top of each of them w;as five cubits. 

16 And he made chains, as in the oracle, and put them on the heads of 
the columns ; and made a hundred pomegranates, and put them on 

17 the chains. And he reared up the columns before the temple, one 
on the right hand, and the other on the left ; and called the name of 
that on the right hand Jachin, and the name of that on the left 

1 Chap. iv. — Moreover he made an altar of copper twenty cubits the 
length thereof, and twenty cubits the breadth thereof, and ten cubits 

2 the height thereof : Also he made the molten sea of ten cubits 
from brim to brim, round in. compass, and five cubits the height 
thereof; and a line of thirty cubits did compass it roundabout. 

3 And under it was the similitude of oxen,^ which did compass it round 
about : ten in a cubit, compassing the sea round about. Two rows 

4 of oxen^ were cast, when it was cast. It stood upon twelve oxen,^ 
three looking towards the north, and three looking towards the west, 
and three looking towards the south, and three looking towards the 
east : and the sea was set above upon them, and all their hinder 

5 parts were inward. And the thickness of it was a handbreadth, and 
the brim of it like the work of the brim of a cup, with flowers of 

6 roses ; and it received and held three thousand baths. He made 
also ten lavers, and put five on the right hand, and five on the left, 
to bathe in them : such things as they offered for the burnt oiFering 
they washed in them ; but the sea was for the priests to bathe in. 

7 And he made ten lampstands of gold according to their form, and set 

8 them in the temple, five on the right hand, and five on the left. He 
made also ten tables, and placed them in the temple, five on the 
right side, and five on the left. And he made a hundred basons of 

9 gold. Furthermore he made the court of the priests, and the great 
enclosure, and doors for the enclosure, and overlaid the doors of 

10 them with copper. And he set the sea on the right side of the east 

11 end, over against the south. And Huram made the pots and the 
shovels, and the basons. And Huram finished the work that he was 

12 to make for king Solomon for the house of God : To wit, two 
columns, and the pommels, and the chapiters which were on the top 

' a hold 


of the two columns, and the two wreaths to cover the two pommels 

13 of the chapiters which t^ere on the top of the columns ; And the 
four hundred pomegranates on the two wreaths ; two rows of pome- 
granates on each wreath, to cover the two pommels of the chapiters 

14 which t^<?re upon the columns. He made also the bases, and the 

15 lavers made he upon the bases ; The one sea, and the twelve oxen 

16 under it. The pots also, and the shovels, and the fleshhooks, and 
all their vessels, did Huram Abiv make to king Solomon for 

17 the house of the Eternal of bright copper. In the circle of the 
Jordan did the king cast them, in the thickness of the ground 

18 between Succoth and Zeredathah. Thus Solomon made all these 
vessels in great abundance : for the weight of the copper was not 

19 ascertained. And Solomon made all the vessels that were for the 
house of God, the golden altar also, and the tables whereon the 

20 shewbread was set ; Moreover the lampstands with their lamps, that 
they should burn after the manner before the oracle, of pure gold ; 

21 And the flowers, and the lamps, and the tohgs, made he of gold, and 

22 that perfect gold; And the snuffers, and the basons, and the spoons, 
and the censers, o/pure gold : and the entry of the house, the inner 
doors thereof for the most holy place, and the doors of the house of 
the temple were ©/"gold. 

1 Chap. v. — Thus all the work that Solomon made for the house of 
the Eternal was completed : and Solomon brought in all the things 
that David his father had hallowed ; and the silver, and the gold, 
and all the vessels, put he among the treasures of the house of God. 

2 Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel, and all the heads of 
the tribes, the princes of the fathers of the children of Israel, unto 
Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the covenant of the Eternal out of 

3 the city of David, which is Zion. Wherefore all the men of Israel 
assembled themselves unto the king in the festival which was in the 

4 seventh month. And all the elders of Israel came; and the Levites 

5 took up the ark. And they brought up the ark, and the ap- 
pointed tent, and all the holy vessels that were in the tent ; these 

G did the priests and the Levites bring up. Also king Solomon, and 
all the congregation of Israel that were with him before the ark by 
appointment sacrificed sheep' and oxen,^ which could not be told nor 

7 numbered for multitude. And the priests brought in the ark of the 
covenant of the Eternal unto his place, to the oracle of the house, 

8 into the most holy place, even under the wings of the cherubim : For 
the cherubim spread forth their wings over the place of the ark, and 

fluck. * a licfd. 


9 the cherubim covered the ark and (he staves thereof above. And 
the staves of the ark were so long, that the ends of the staves were 
seen from the ark before the oracle ; but they were not seen without. 

10 And there it is unto this day. There teas nothing in the ark save 
the two tables that Moses put therein at Horeb, when the Eternal 
made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of 

11 Egypt. And it came to pass when the priests were come out of the 
holy place — for all the priests t/iat loere present Avere sanctified, and 

12 did not then wait by course : Also the Levites, who loere the sing- 
ers, all of them of Asaph, of Heman, of Jeduthun, with their sons 
and their brethren, being arrayed in white linen, having cymbals and 
psalteries and harps, stood at the east end of the altar, and with them 

13 a hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets — It came even 
to pass, as the trumpeters and singers were as one, to make one 
sound to be heard in praising and thanking the Eternal ; and when 
they lifted up their voice with the trumpets and cymbals and instru- 
ments of musick, and praised the Eternal, saying^ For he is good ; 
for his mercy endurelh for ever : that then the house was filled with 

14 a cloud, even the house of the Eternal, So that the priests could 
not stand to minister by reason of the cloud : for the glory of the 
Eternal had filled the house of God. 

1 Chap, vi.— Then said Solomon, The Eternal hath said that he 

2 would dwell in thick darkness. But I have built a house of habita- 

3 tion for thee, and a place for thy dwelling for ever. And the king 
turned his face and blessed the whole congregation of Israel : and 

4 all the congregation of Israel stood. And he said, Blessed be the 
Eternal God of Israel, who hath with his hands fulfilled that which 

5 he spake with his mouth to my father David, saying, Since the day 
that I brought forth my people out of the land of Egypt I chose no 
city among all the tribes of Israel to build a house in, that my name 
might be there ; neither chose I any man to be a leader of my people 

6 Israel : But I have chosen Jerusalem, that my name might be there ; 

7 and have chosen David to be over my people Israel. Now it was in the 
heart of David my father to build a house for the name of the Eternal 

8 God of Israel. But the Eternal said to David my father. Foras- 
much as it was in thy heart to build a house for my name, thou didst 

9 well in that it was in thy heart : Notwithstanding thou shalt not 
build the house ; "but thy son who shall come forth out of thy loins, 

10 he shall build the house for ray name. The Eternal therefore hath 
performed his word that he hath spoken : for I am risen up in the 
room of David my father, and am set on the throne of Israel, as the 
Eternal promised, and have built the house for the name of the 


1 1 Eternal God of Israel. And in it I have put the ark wherein is the 
covenant of the Eternal, that he made with the children of Israel. 

12 And he stood before the altar of the Eternal in the presence of all 

13 the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands : For Solomon 
had made a copper scaffold, of five cubits long, and five cubits broad, 
and three cubits high, and had set it in the midst of the court^ : and 
upon it he stood, and kneeled down upon his knees before all the 
congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands towards heaven, 

14 And said, O Eternal God of Israel, there is no God like thee in the 
heaven, nor in the earth ; who keepest covenant, and shewest mercy 

15 unto thy servants, that walk before thee with all their hearts : Thou 
who hast kept with thy servant David my father that which thou 
hast promised him ; and spakest with thy mouth, and hast fulfilled 

16 it with thy hand, as it is this day. Now therefore, O Eternal God 
of Israel, keep with thy servant David my father that which thou 
hast promised him, saying, There shall not fail thee a man in my 
sight to sit upon the throne of Israel ; yet so that thy children take 
heed to their way to walk in my law as thou hast walked before me, 

17 Now then, O Eternal God of Israel, let thy word be verified, which 

18 thou hast spoken unto thy servant David. But will God in very 
deed dwell with men on the earth ? behold, heaven and the heaven 
of heavens cannot contain thee ; how much less this house which I 

19 have built ! Turn therefore to the prayer of thy servant, and to his 
supplication, O Eternal my God, to hearken unto the cry and the 

20 prayer which thy servant prayeth before thee : That thine eyes may 
be open upon this house day and night, upon the place whereof thou 
hast said that thou wouldest put thy name there ; to hearken unto 

21 the prayer which thy servant prayeth towards this place. Hearken 
therefore unto the supplications of thy servant, and of thy people 
Israel; which they shall make towards this place : hear thou from thy 
dwelling place, even from heaven ; and when thou hearest, forgive. 

22 If a man sin against his fellow, and an oath be laid upon him to 
make him swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house ; 

23 Then hear thou from heaven, and do, and judge thy servants, by re- 
quiting the wicked, by recompensing his way upon his own head; 
and by justifying the righteous, by giving him according to his righte- 

24 ousness. And if thy people Israel be put to the worse before the enemy, 
because thoy have sinned against thee; and shall return and confess 
thy name, and pray and make supplication before thee in this house ; 

25 Then hear thou from the heavens, and forgive the sin of thy people 



Israel, and bring them again unto the land which thou gavesttothem 

26 and to their fathers. When the heaven is shut up and there is no 
rain, because they have sinned against thee; yet if they pray towards 
this place, and confess thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou 

27 dost afflict them ; Then hear thou from heaven, and forgive the sin 
of thy servants, and of thy people Israel, when thou hast taught them 
the good way wherein they should walk ; and send rain upon thy 

2S land, which thou hast given unto thy people for an inheritance. If 
there be a famine in the land, if there he pestilence, if there be 
blasting, or mildew, locusts, or caterpillers ; if their enemies besiege 
them in the cities of their land ; whatsoever affliction, or whatsoever 

29 sickness there be ; Then what prayer or what supplication soever 
shall be made of any man, or of all thy people Israel, when every 
one shall know his own affliction and his own grief, and shall spread 

30 forth his hands in this house; Then hear thou from heaven thy 
dwelling place, and forgive, and render unto every man according 
unto all his ways, whose heart thou knowest ; — for thou only knowest 

31 the hearts of the chi dren of men : That they may fear thee, to walk 
in thy ways, so long as they live upon the face of the ground which 

32 thou gavest unto our fathers. Moreover concerning the alien, which 
is not of thy people Israel, but is come from a far country for thy 
great name's sake, and thy mighty hand, and thy stretched out arm ; 

33 if they come and pray in this house ; Then hear thou from the 
heavens, even from thy dwelling place, and do according to all that 
the alien calleth to thee for ; that all people of the earth may know 
thy name, and fear thee, as doth thy people Israel, and may know 

34 that this house which I have b\nlt is called by thy name ; If thy 
people go out to the war against their enemies by the way that thou 
shalt send them, and they pray unto thee towards this city which 
thou hast chosen, and the house which I have built for thy name; 

35 Then hear thou from the heavens their prayer and their supplication, 

36 and maintain their cause. If they sin against thee, — for there is no 
man who sinneth not, — and thou be angry with them, and deliver 
them over before their enemieF, and they carry them away captives 

37 unto a land far off or near ; Yet if they bethink themselves in the 
land whither they are carried captive, and turn and pray unto thee 
in the land of their captivity, saying, We have sinned, we have done 

38 amiss, and have dealt wickedly ; If they return to thee with all their 
heart and with all their soul in the land of their captivity, whither 
they have carried them captives, and pray towards the land which 


thou gavest unto their fathers, and towards the city which thou hast 
chosen, and towards the house which I have built for thy name : 

39 Then hear thou from the heavens, even from thy dwelhiig place, their 
prayer and their supplications, and maintain their cause, and forgive 

40 thy people which have sinned against thee. Now, my God, let, I 
beseech thee, thine eyes be open, and let thine ear be attent unto the 

41 prayer that is made in this place. Now therefore arise, O Eternal 
God, into thy resting place, thou, and the ark of thy strength : let 
thy priesis, O Eternal God, be clothed with salvation, and let thy 

42 saints rejoice in the goodness. O Eternal God, turn not away the 
face of thine anointed : remember the mercies of David thy servant. 

1 Chap. vir. — Now when Solomon had made an end of praying, the 
fire came down from the heaven, and consumed the burnt offering 
and the sacrifices; and the glory of the Eternal filled the house. 

2 And the priests could not enter into the house of the Eternal, because 

3 the glory of the Eternal had filled the house of the Eternal. And when 
all the children of Israel saw how the fire came down, and the glory of 
the Eternal upon the house, they bowed themselves with their faces 
to the ground upon the pavement, and prostrated themselves, and 
praised the Eternal, saying, For he is good ; for his mercy endureth 

4 for ever. Then the king and all the people offered sacrifices 

5 before the Eternal. And king Solomon offered a sacrifice of the 
herd twenty and two thousand, and of the flock a hundred and 
twenty thousand: so the king and all the people dedicated the house 

6 of God. And the priests waited on their offices : the Levites also 
with instruments of music of the Eternal, which David the king had 
made to praise the Eternal, because his mercy endureth for ever, 
when David praised by their ministry; and the priests sounded 

7 trumpets before them, and all Israel stood. Moreover Solomon hal- 
lowed the middle of the court^ that ivas before the house of the 
Eternal : for there he offered burnt offerings, and the fat of the feast 
offerings, because the copper altar which Solomon had made was not 
able to receive the burnt offerings, and the oblations, and the fat. 

8 Also at the same time Solomon kept the festival seven days, and all 
Israel with him, a very great congregation, from the entering in of 

9 Hamath unto the brook of Egypt. And in the eighth day they 
made a restriction : for they kept the dedication of the altar seven 

10 days, and the festival seven days. And on the three and twentieth 
day of the seventh month he sent the people away into their tents, 
glad and merry in heart for the goodness that the Eternal had 

' enclosure. 

a 3 


11 shewed unto David, and to Solomon, and to Israel his people. Thus 
Solomon finished the house of the Eternal, and the king's house : 
and all that came into Solomon's heart to make in the house of the 

12 Eternal, and in his own house, he prosperously effected. And the 
Eternal appeared to Solomon in the night, and said unto him, I 
have heard thy prayer, and have chosen this place to myself for a 

13 house of sacrifice. If I restrain the heaven that there he no rain, or 
if I command the locusts to devour the land, or if I send pes- 

14 tilence among my people ; If my people, which are called by my 
name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn 
from their wicked ways ; then will I hear from the heaven, and will 

15 forgive their sin, and will heal their land. Now mine eyes shall be 
open, and mine ears attent unto the prayer that is made in this place. 

16 For now have I chosen and sanctified this house, that my name may 
be there for ever : and mine eyes and my heart shall be there all the 

17 days. And as for thee, if thou wilt walk before me, as David thy 
father walked, and do according to all that I have commanded thee, 

18 and shalt observe my statutes and my judgments; Then will I 
establish the throne of thy kingdom, according as I have covenanted 
with David thy father, saying, There shall not fail thee a man to he 

19 ruler in Israel. But if ye turn away, and forsake my ordinances, and 
my commandments, which I have set before you, and shall go and 

20 serve other gods, and prostrate yourselves to them ; Then will I pluck 
them up by the roots out of my ground which I have given them ; 
and this house, which I have sanctified for my name, will I cast out 
of my sight, and will make it to he a proverb and a byword among 

21 all nations. And this house, which is high, shall be an astonishment 
to every one that passeth by it; so that he shall say. Why hath the 

22 Eternal done thus unto this land, and unto this house ? And it shall 
be answered, Because they forsook the Eternal God of their fathers, 
who brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, and laid hold on 
other gods, and prostrated themselves unto them, and served them : 
therefore hath he brought all this evil upon them. 

1 Chap. virr. — And it came to pass at the end of twenty years, wherein 
Solomon had built the house of the Eternalj and his own house, 

2 That the cities which Huram had restored to Solomon, Solomon 

3 built them, and caused the children of Israel to dwell there. And 

4 Solomon went to Hamath-zobah, and prevailed against it. And he 
built Tadmor in the desert, and all the store cities, which he built in 


h Hamath. Also he built Beth-boron the upper, and Beth-boron the 

() nether, fenced cities, with ramparts, gates, and bars ; And Baalatb, 

and all the store cities that Solomon had, and all the chariot cities, 

and the cities of the horsemen, and all that Solomon desired to build 

in Jerusalem, and in the Lebanon, and throughout all the land of his 

7 dominion. Js for all the people that ivere left of the Hittites, and 
the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, 

8 which ivere not of Israel, But of their children, who were left after 
them in the land, whom the children of Israel consumed not, them 

9 did Solomon make to pay tribute until this day. But of the children 
of Israel did Solomon make no servants for his work; but they were 
men of war, and chiefs of his captains, and captains^ of his chariots and 

10 horsemen. And these ivere the chief of king Solomon's officers, even 

1 1 two hundred and fifty, that bare rule over the people. And Solomon 
brought up the daughter of Pharaoh out of the city of David unto 
the house that he had built for her : for he said, No wife of mine 
shall dwell in the house of David king of Israel, because the places 

12 are holy, whereunto the ark of the Eternal hath come. Then Solo- 
mon offered burnt offermgs unto the Eternal on the altar of the Eternal, 

13 which he had built before the porch. Even after a certain rate every 
day, offering according to the commandment of Moses, on the sab- 
baths, and on the new moons, and at the appointed seasons, three 
times in the year, even in the festival of unleavened bread, and in the 

14 festival of weeks, and in the festival of booths. And he appointed, 
according to the order of David his father, the courses of the priests 
to their service, and the Levites to their charges, to praise and minister 
before the priests, as the duty of every day required : the porters 
also by their courses at every gate : for so had David the man of God 

15 commanded. And they departed not from the commandment of 
the king unto the priests and Levites concerning any matter, or con- 

16 cerning the treasures. Now all the work of Solomon was prepared 
unto the day of the foundation of the house of the Eternal, and until 

17 it was finished. So the house of the Eternal was perfected. Then 
went Solomon to Ezion-geber, and to Eloth, on the border of the sea 

18 in the land of Edom. And Huram sent him by the hands of his 
servants ships, and servants that had knowledge of the sea ; and they 
went with the servants of Solomon to Ophir, and took thence 
four hundred and fifty talents of gold, and brought them to king 



1 Chap. ix. — And when the queen of She'ba heard of the fame of Solo- 
mon, she came to try Solomon with riddles at Jerusalem, with a 
very great company,^ and camels that bare spices, and gold in abun- 
dance, and precious stones : and when she was come to Solomon, she 

2 spoke with him of all that was in her heart. And Solomon told her 
all her questions :^ and there was nothing hid from Solomon which 

3 he told her not. And when the queen of Sheba had seen the wisdom 

4 of Solomon, and the house that he had built, xAnd the meat of his 
table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his minis- 
ters, and their apparel ; his cupbearers also, and their apparel : and 
his ascent by which he went up into the house of the Eternal : there 

5 was no more spirit in her. And she said to the king, The thing is 
true that I heard in mine own land of thine acts, and of thy wisdom : 

6 Howbeit I believed not their words, until I came, and mine eyes had 
seen it : and behold the one half of the greatness of thy wisdom was 

7 not told me : /or thou exceedest the fame that I heard. O happi- 
ness of thy men, and happiness of these thy servants, who stand 

8 continually before thee, and hear thy wisdo.-:^. Blessed be the 
Eternal thy God, who delighted in thee to set thee on his throne, to 
be king for the Eternal thy God : because thy God loved Israel, to 
establish them for ever, therefore made he thee i:mg over them, 

9 to do judgment and justice. And she gave the king a hundred and 
twenty talents of gold, and of spices great abundance, and precious 
stones : neither was there any such spice as the queen of Sheba gave 

10 king Solomon. And the servants also of Huram, and the servants 
of Solomon, v;ho brought gold from Ophir, brought sandal wood and 

11 precious stones. And the king made of the sandal wood terraces to 
the house of the Eternal, and to the king's palace, and harps and 
psalteries for singers : and there were none such seen before in the 

12 land of Judah. And king Solomon gave to the queen of Sheba all 
her desire, whatsoever she asked, beside that which she had brought 
unto the king. So she turned and went away unto her own land^ 

13 she and her servants. Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon 
in one year was six hundred and threescore and six talents of gold, 

14 Beside that which the trading men and merchants brought. And 
all the kings of Arabia and pashaws of the country brought gold and 

15 silver to Solomon. And king Solomon made two hundred bucklers 

' force. 


of beaten gold : six hundred shekels of beaten gold went to one 

16 buckler. And three hundred shields made he of beaten gold : 
three hundred shekels of gold went to one shield. And the 
king put them in the house of the forest of the Lebanon. 

17 Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid 

18 it with pure gold. And there were six steps to the throne, with 
a footstool of gold, which were fastened to the throne, and stays 
on each side of the sitting place, and two lions standing by the 

19 stays. And twelve lions stood there on the one side and on the 
other upon the six steps. There was not the like made in any 

20 kingdom. And all the drinking vessels of king Solomon were of 
gold;, and all the vessels of the house of the forest of the Lebanon 
Qvere of pure gold : none tcere of silver ; it was not anything ac- 

21 counted of in the days of Solomon. For the king's ships went to 
Tarshish with the servants of Huram : every three years once came 
the ships of Tarshish bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and 

22 peacocks. And king Solomon passed all the kings of the earth in 

23 riches and wisdom. And all the kings of the earth sought the pre- 
sence of Solomon, to hear his wisdom, that God had put in his heart. 

24 And they brought every man his present, vessels of silver and vessels 
of gold, and outer garments, armour, and spices, horses, and mules, 

25 a rate year by year. And Solomon had four thousand stalls for 
horses and chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen ; whom he 

26 bestowed in the chariot cities, and with the king at Jerusalem. And 
he ruled over all the kings from the river even unto the land of the 

27 Philistines, and to the border of Egypt. And the king made the 
silver in Jerusalem as the stones, and the cedar trees made he as the 

28 sycomore trees that are in the low plains in abundance. And they 
brought unto Solomon horses out of Egypt, and out of all lands. 

29 Now the rest of the acts^ of Solomon, the first and the last, are they not 
written in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the prophecy of 
Ahijah the Shilonite, and in the visions of Iddo the seer against 

30 Jeroboam the son of Nebat ? And Solomon reigned in Jerusalem 

31 over all Israel forty years. And Solomon lay with his fathers, and 
he was buried in the city of David his father : and Rehoboam his 
son reigned in his stead. 

1 CiiAP. X. — And Rehoboam went to Shechem : for to Shechem were 

2 all Israel come to make him king. And it came to pass when 
.Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who tvas in Egypt, whither he had fled 
from the presence of Solomon the king, heard it, that Jeroboam 

• WOfris. 


S returned out of Egypt. And they sent and called him. So Jero- 

4 boam and all Israel came and spake to Rehoboam, saying, Thy 
father made our yoke grievous : now therefore ease thou somewhat 
the grievous servitude of thy father, and his heavy yoke that he put 

5 upon us, and we will serve thee. And he said unto them. Come 

6 again unto me after three d?iys. And the people departed. And 
king Rehoboam took counsel with the old men that had stood before 
Solomon his father while he yet lived, saying, What counsel give ye 

7 me to return answer to this people ? And they spake unto him, 
saying, If thou be kind to this people, and please them, and speak 

8 good words to them, they will be thy servants for ever. But he for- 
sook the counsel which the old men gave him, and took counsel 
with the young men that were brought up with him, that stood before 

9 him. And he said unto them. What counsel give ye that we may 
return answer to this people, which have spoken to me, saying, Ease 

10 somewhat the yoke that thy father did put upon us? And the young 
men that were brought up with him spake unto him, saying, Thus 
shalt thou answer the people that spake unto thee, saying, Thy 
father made our yoke heavy, but make thou it somewhat lighter for 
us, thus shalt thou say unto them. My little ^w^er shall be thicker 

11 than my father's loins. For whereas my father put a heavy yoke 
upon you, I will put more to your yoke : my father chastised you 

12 with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions. So Jeroboam and 
all the people came to Rehoboam on the third day, as the king bade, 

13 saying, Come again to me on the third day. And the king answered 
them roughly, and king Rehoboam forsook the counsel of the old 

14 men. And answered them after the counsel of the young men, say- 
ing. My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add thereto : my 
father chastised you with whips, but I icill chastise you with scor- 

15 pions. So the king hearkened not unto the people : for the cause 
was of God, that the Eternal might perform his word, which he 
spake by the hand of Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam the son of 

16 Nebat. And when all Israel saiv that the king would not hearken 
unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have 
we in David, and ive have none inheritance in the son of Jesse : every 
man to your tents, O Israel : and now, David, see to thine own 

17 house. So all Israel went to their tents. But as for the children of 
Israel that dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over 

18 them. Then king Rehoboam sent Hadoram that was over the tri- 


bute ; and the children of Israel stoned him with stones, that he died, 
But king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee 
19 to Jerusalem. And Israel rebelled against the house of David unto 
this day. 

1 Chap. xi. — And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he 
gathered the house of Judah and Benjamin a hundred and fourscore 
thousand chosen men, who were warriors, to fight against Israel, that 

2 he might bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam. But the word of 

3 the Eternal came to Shemaiah the man of God, saying, Say unto 
Rehoboam the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and to all Israel in 

4 Judah and Benjamin, saying, Thus saith the Eternal; Ye shall 
not go up, nor fight against your brethren • return every man to his 
house : for this thing is done of me. And they obeyed the words 

5 of the Eternal, and returned from going against Jeroboam. And 
Rehoboam dwelt in Jerusalem, and built cities for defence in Judah. 

6 7 He built even Beth-lehem, and Etam, and Tekoa, And Beth-zur, 

8 and Shoco, and AduUam, And Gath, and Mareshah, and Ziph, 

9 10 And Adoraim, and Lachish, and Azekah, And Zorah, and 
Aijalon, and Hebron, which ere in Judah and in Benjamin fenced 

11 cities. And he fortified the strong holds, and put leaders in them, 

12 and store of victual, and of oil and wine. And in every several city 
7t€ pnt bucklers and spears, and made them exceeding strong, having 

13 Judah and Benjamin on his side. And the priests and the Levites 
that were in all Israel resorted to him out of all their boundaries. 

14 For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession, and came to 
Judah and Jerusalem : for Jeroboam and his sons had cast them off 

15 from executing the priest's office unto the Eternal : And he 
ordained him priests for the high places, and for the devils,^ and for 

16 the calves which he had made. And after them out of all the tribes 
of Israel such as set their hearts to seek the Eternal God of Israel 
came to Jerusalem, to sacrifice unto the Eternal God of their fathers. 

17 So they strengthened the kingdom of Judah, and made Rehoboam 
the son of Solomon strong, three years : for three years they walked 

18 in the way of David and Solomon. And Rehoboam took him Maha- 
lath the daughter of Jerimoth the son of David to wife, and Abihail 

19 the daughter of Eliab the son of Jesse; Who bare him children; 

20 Jeush, and Shamariah, and Zaham. And after her he took Maachah 
the daughter of Absalom ; who bare him Abijah, and Attai, and Ziza, 

' lie-goats. 


21 and Shelomilh. And Rehoboam loved Maachah the daughter of 
Absalom above all his wives and his concubines : for he took eighteen 
wives and threescore concubines; and begat twenty and eight sons, 

22 and threescore daughters. And Rehoboam made Abijah the ?on of 
Maachah the chief, to he leader among his brethren : for he thought 

23 to make him king. And he dealt wisely, and dispersed oi all his 
chiklren throughout all the countries of Judah and Benjamin, unto 
every fenced city : and he gave them victual in abundance. And he 
desired many wives, 

1 Chap. xii. — And it came to pass, when Rehoboam had established 
the kingdom, and had strengthened himself, he forsook the law of 

2 the Eternal, and all Israel with him. And it came to pass, that in 
the fifth year of king Rehoboam Shishak king of Egypt came up 
against Jerusalem, because they had transgressed against the Eter- 

3 nal. With twelve hundred chariots, and threescore thousand 
horsemen : and the people were without number that came with him 

4 out of Egypt ; the Lubim, the Sukkiim, and the Cushim. And he 
took the fenced cities which pertained to Judah, and came to Jeru- 

5 salem. Then came Shemaiah the prophet to Rehoboam, and to the 
princes^ of Judah, that were gathered together to Jerusalem because 
of Shishak, and said unto them, Thus saith the Eternal, Ye have 
forsaken me, and therefore have I also forsaken you in the hand of 

6 Shishak. Whereupon the princes^ of Israel and the king humbled 

7 themselves ; and they said, The Eternal is righteous. And when 
the Eternal saw that they humbled themselves, the word of the 
Eternal came to Shemaiah, saying, They have humbled themselves : 
therefore I will not destroy them, but I will grant them some 
deliverance ; and my wrath shall not be poured out upon Jerusalem 

8 by the hand of Shishak. Nevertheless they shall be his servants : 
that they may know my service, and the service of the kingdoms of 

9 the countries. So Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, 
and took away the treasures of the house of the Eternal, and the 
treasures of the king's house ; he took all : he carried away also the 

10 shields of gold which Solomon had made, Instead of which king 
Rehoboam made shields of copper, and committed them to the hands 
of the officers of the runners, that kept the entrance of the king's 

1 1 house. And when the king entered into the house of the Eternal, 
the runners came and fetched them, and brought them again into the 

12 chamber of the runners. And when he humbled himself, the wrath 
of the Eternal turned from him, that he would not destroy him 

13 altogether : and also in Judah things went well.^ So king Rehoboam 
strengthened himself in Jerusalem, and reigned : for Rehoboam was 
one and forty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 
seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the Eternal had chosen 

' officers. * were good tilings. 


out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there. And his 

14 mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess. And he did evil, 

15 because he prepared not his heart to inquire after the Eternal. Now 
the acts^ of Rehoboam, the first and last, a/'e they not written in the 
book of Shemaiah the prophet, and of Iddo the seer concerning 
genealogies ? And there tvere wars between Rehoboam and Jero- 

16 boam continually. And Rehoboam lay with his fathers, and was 
buried in the city of David : and Abijah his son reigned in his 

1 Chap. xiir. — Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam began 

2 Abijah to reign over Judah. He reigned three years in Jerusalem. 
His mother's name also was Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of 

3 Gibeah, And there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam. And 
Abijah set the battle in array" with an army of valiant men of war, 
even four hundred thousand chosen men : Jeroboam also set the battle 
in array against him with eight hundred thousand chosen men, being 

4 mighty men of valour. And Abijah stood up upon mount Zema- 
raim, which is in mount Ephraim, and said, Heaj* me, thou Jeroboam, 

5 and all Israel : Ought ye not to know that the Eternal God of Israel 
gave the kingdom over Israel to David for ever, even to him and to 

6 his sons hij a covenant of salt ? Yet Jeroboam the son of Nebat, 
the servant of Solomon the son of David, is risen up, and hath 

7 rebelled against his lord. And there are gathered unto him vain 
men, sons of perdition, and have strengthened themselves against 
Rehoboam the son of Solomon, when Rehoboam was young and 

8 tender-hearted, and could not withstand them. And now ye think to 
withstand the kingdom of the Eternal in the hand of the sons of 
David ; and ye are a great multitude, and there are with you golden 

9 calves, which Jeroboam made you for gods. Have ye not cast cut 
the priests of the Eternal, the sons of Aaron, and the Levites, and 
have made you priests after the manner of the peoples of other 
lands .'' so that whosoever cometh to consecrate himself^ with a young 
bull and seven rams, the same may be a priest of them that are no 

10 gods. But as for us, the Eternal is our God, and we have not for- 
saken him ; and the priests, who minister unto the Eternal, are the 

1 1 sons of Aaron, and the Levites wait upon their business : And they 
cause to ascend in fumes unto the Eternal every morning and every 
evening burnt sacrifices and sweet incense : the shewbrcad also set 
they in order upon the pure table ; and the lanipstand of gold 
with the lamps thereof, to burn every evening : for we keep the 

' wolds. 2 bound the vsar. -^ till liis baiRlsi. 

K 2 


12 charge of the Eternal our God; but ye have forsaken him. And, 
behold, God himself is with us for our chief, and his priests with 
sounding trumpets to cry alarm against you. O children of Israel, 
fight ye not against the Eternal God of your fathers ; for ye shall 

13 not prosper. But Jeroboam caused an ambushment to come about 
behind them : so they were before Judah, and the ambushment nas 

14 behind them. And when Judah turned back, behold, the war was 
before and behind : and they cried unto the Eternal, and the priests 

lo sounded with the trumpets. Then the men of Judah gave a shout : 
and as the men of Judah shouted, it came to pass, that God smote 

16 Jeroboam and all Israel before Abijahand Judah. And the children 
of Israel fled before Judah : and God gave them into their hand. 

17 And Abijah and his people smote them with great slaughter: so 
there fell down slain of Israel five hundred thousand chosen men. 

18 Thus the children of Israel were humbled at that time, and the 
children of Judah prevailed, because they relied upon the Eternal 

19 God of their fathers. And Abijah pursued after Jeroboam, 
and took cities from him, Beth-el with the towns thereof, and 
Jeshanah with ^ the towns thereof, and Ephrain with the towns 

20 thereof. Neither did Jeroboam recover strength again in the days 

21 of Abijah : and the Eternal afflicted him, and he died. But Abijah 
waxed mighty, and married fourteen wives, and begat twenty and two 

22 sons, and sixteen daughters. And the rest of the acts^ of Abijah, and 
his ways and his sayings, are written in the commentary of the pro- 

23 phet Iddo. So Abijah lay with his fathers, and Ihey buried him in 
the city of David: and Asa his son reigned in his stead. In his 
days the land was quiet ten years. 

1 Chap. XIV. — And Asa did that which was good and right in the 

2 eyes of the Eternal his God : For he removed the altars of the alien 
ffods, and the high places, and brake down the images, and cut down 

3 asherim :^ And commanded Judah to inquire after the Eternal God 

4 of their fathers, and to do the law and the commandment. Also he 
removed out of all the cities of Judah the high places and the sun 

5 images: and the kingdom was quiet before him. And he built 
fenced cities in Judah : for the land had rest, and he had no war in 

6 those years ; because the Eternal had given him rest. Therefore he 
said unto Judah, Let us build these cities, and make about them 
ramparts, and towers, gates, and bars, w/iile the land is yet before 
us ; because we have inquired after the Eternal our God, we have 
inquired after him, and he hath given us rest on every side. So they 

' words. * the Iiaj)py ones. 


7 built and prospered. And Asa had an army of men that bare bucklers 
and spears, out of Judah three hundred thousand; and out of 
Benjamin, that bare shields and drew bows, two hundred and four- 

8 score thousand : all these nere mighty men of valour. And there 
came out against them Zerah the Cushite with an army of a thou- 
sand thousand, and three hundred chariots ; and came unto Mare- 

9 shah. Then Asa went out against him, and they set the battle in 

10 array in the glen of Zephathah at Mareshah. And Asa called unto 
the Eternal his God, and said. Eternal, it is nothing with thee to 
help, whether with many, or with them that have no power : help us, 
O Eternal our God ; for we rely on thee, and in thy name we go 
against this multitude. O Eternal, thou art our God ; let not man 

11 prevail against thee. So the Eternal smote the Cushim before Asa, 

12 and before Judah; and the Cushim fled. And Asa and the people 
that xcere with him pursued them unto Gerar : and there fell of the 
Cushim who had no provisions ; for they were shattered before the 
Eternal, and before his host ; and they carried away very much 

13 spoil. And they smote all the cities round about Gerar ; for the 
dread of the Eternal came upon them : and they spoiled all the 

14 cities ; for there was exceeding much spoil in them. They smote 
also the tents of cattle, and carried away flocks and camels in abun- 
dance, and returned to Jerusalem. 

1 Chap. xv. — And the Spirit of God came upon Azariah the son of 

2 Oded : And he went out to meet Asa, and said unto him. Hear ye 
me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin; the Eternal is with you, 
while ye be with him ; and if ye inquire after him, he will be found 

3 of you ; but if ye forsake him, he will forsake you. Now for a long 
season Israel hath been without the true God, and without a teach- 

4 ing priest, and without law. But when they in their trouble did turn 
unto the Eternal God of Israel, and sought him, he was found of them. 

5 And in those times there was no peace to him that went out, nor to 
him that came in, but great confusions were among all the inhabitants 

6 of the countries. And nation was driven against nation, and city 

7 against city : for God did confound them with every trouble. Be ye 
strong therefore, and let not your hands relax : for there is reward for 

8 your work. And when Asa heard these words, and the prophecy of 
Oded the prophet, he took courage, and put away the abominable 
idols out of all the land of Judah and Benjamin, and out of the cities 
which he had taken from mount Ephraim, and renewed the altar of 

9 the Eternal, that was before the porch of the Eternal. And he 
gathered all Judah and Benjamin, and the strangers with them out 
of Ephraim and Manasseh, and out of Simeon : for they fell to him 


out of Israel in abundance, when they saw that the Eternal his God J 

10 7vas with him. So they gathered themselves together at Jerusalem " 

11 in the third month, in the fifteenth year of the reign of Asa. And 
they sacrificed unto the Eternal the same time, of the spoil which 
they had brought, seven hundred of the herd and seven thousand of 

12 the flock. And they entered into a covenant to inquire after the 
Eternal God of their fathers with all their heart and with all their 

13 soul ; That whosoever would not inquire after the Eternal God of 
Israel should be put to death, whether small or great, whether man 

14 or woman. And they sware unto the Eternal with a loud voice, and 

15 with shouting, and with trumpets, and with cornets. And all Judah 
rejoiced at the oath : for they had sworn with all their heart, and 
sought him with their whole desire ; and he was found of them : and 

16 the Eternal gave them rest round about. And also concerning 
Maachah the mother of Asa the king, he removed her from being 
mistress, because she had made an idol for Asherah : and Asa cut 

17 down her idol, and stamped it, and burnt it at the brook Kidron. But 
the high places were not taken away out of Israel : only the heart of 

18 Asa was perfect all his days. And he brought into the house of God 
the things that his father had hallowed, and that he himself had 

19 hallowed, silver, and gold, and vessels. And there was no more war 
unto the five and thirtieth year of the reign of Asa. 

1 Chap. xvi. — In the six and thirtieth year of the reign of Asa, Baasha 
king of Israel came up against Judah, and built the Ramah, to the 
intent that he might let none go out or come in to Asa king of 

2 Judah. Then Asa brought out silver and gold out of the treasures 
of the house of the Eternal and of the king's house, and sent to 

3 Ben-hadad king of Syria, that dwelt at Damascus, saying. There is 
a covenant between me and thee, as there was between my father and 
thy father : behold, I have sent thee silver and gold ; go, make void 
thy covenant with Baasha king of Israel, that he may depart from 

4 me. And Ben-hadad hearkened unto king Asa, and sent the officers 
of his armies against the cities of Israel ; and they smote Ijon, and 

5 Dan, and Abel-maim, and all the stores of the cities of Naphtali. 
And it came to pass, when Baasha heard it, that he left off building 

6 of the Ramah, and let his work cease. Then Asa the king took all 
Judah ; and they carried away the stones of the Ramah, and the 
timber thereof, wherewith Baasha was building ; and he built there- 

7 with Geba and the Mizpah. And at that time Hanani the seer came 


to Asa king of Judah, and said unto him, Because thou hast relied 
on the king of Syria, and not relied ou the Eternal thy God, there- 

8 fore is the army of the king of Syria escaped out of thy hand. Were 
not the Cushim and the Lubim a huge army, with very many 
chariots and horsemen ? yet, because thou didst rely on the Eternal, 

9 he gave them into thy hand. For the eyes of the Eternal run to 
and fro throughout the whole earth, to show himself strong in the 
behalf of them whose heart is perfect towards him. Herein thou 
hast done foolishly : therefore from henceforth thou shalt have wars. 

10 Then Asa was wroth with the seer, and put him in the house of the 
stocks ; for he was in a rage with him because of this thing. And 

11 Asa oppressed some of the people the same time. And, behold, the 
acts^ of Asa, the first and the last, lo, they are written in the book 

12 of the kings of Judah and Israel. And Asa in the thirty and ninth 
year of his reign was diseased in his feet, until his disease was exceed- 
ing ^rea^ ; yet in his disease he inquired not after the Eternal, but 

13 the physicians. And Asa lay with his fathers, and died in the one 

14 and fortieth year of his reign. And they buried him in his own se- 
pulchres, which he had made for himself in the city of David, and 
laid him in the bed which he had filled with spices and divers kinds 

16 o/"s/??ce5 prepared by the apothecaries' art: and they made a very 
great burning for him. 

1 Chap. xvii. — And Jehoshaphat his son reigned in his stead, and 

2 strengthened himself against Israel. And he placed forces in all the 
fortified cities of Judah, and set garrisons in the land of Judah, and 

3 in the cities of Ephraini, which Asa his father had taken. And the 
Eternal was with Jehoshaphat, because he walked in the first ways 

4 of his father David, and inquired not after the Baalim ; But inquired 
after the Eternal God of his father, and walked in his commandments, 

5 and not after the doings of Israel. Therefore the Eternal stablished 
the kingdom in his hand; and all Judah brought to Jehoshaphat 

6 presents ; and he had riches and honour in abundance. And his heart 
was lifted up in the ways of the Eternal ; moreover he removed the 

7 high places and asherim^out of Judah. Also in the third year of his 
reign he sent his officers, even Ben-hail, and Obadiah, and Zechariah, 

8 and Nethaneel, and Michaiah, to teach in the cities of Judah. And 
with them he sent Levites, even Shemaiah, and Nethaniah, and 
Zebadiah, and Asahel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehonathan, and 
Adonijah, andTobijah, and Tob-adonijah the Levites ; and with them 

9 Elishama and Jehoram the priests. And they taught in Judah, and 

' worda, - Jiappy ones. 


had the book of the law of the Eternal with them, and went about 

10 throughout all the cities of Judah, and taught the people. And a 
dread from the Eternal was upon all the kingdoms of the lands that 
tvere round about Judah, so that they made no war against Jehosha- 

11 phat. Also some of the Philistines brought Jehoshaphat presents, 
and tribute silver; and the Arabians brought him flocks, seven 
thousand and seven hundred rams, and seven thousand and 

12 seven hundred he goats. And Jehoshaphat waxed great ex- 
ceedingly ; and he built in Judah castles, and cities of store. 

13 And he had great works in the cities of Judah : and the men of war, 

14 mighty men of valour, were in Jerusalem. And these are the num- 
bers of them according to the house of their fathers : Of Judah, the 
officers of thousands ; Adnah the officer, and with him mighty men 

15 of valour three hundred thousand. And next to him icas Jehohanan 
the officer, and with him two hundred and fourscore thousand. 

16 And next him was Amasiah the son of Zichri, who freely offered 
himself unto the Eternal ; and with him two hundred thousand 

17 mighty men of valour. And of Benjamin; Eliada a mighty man of 
valour, and with him armed men with bow and shield two hundred 

18 thousand. And next him was Jehozabad, and with him a hundred 

19 and fourscore thousand ready prepared for the war. These waited 
on the king, beside those whom the king put in the fenced cities 
throughout all Judah. 

1 Chap, xviii. — Now Jehoshaphat had riches and honour in abun- 

2 dance, and joined affinity with Ahab. And after certain years he 
went down to Ahab to Samaria. And Ahab killed sheep and oxen 
for him in abundance, and for the people that he had with him, and 

3 persuaded him to go up Kith him to Ramoth-gilead. And Ahab king 
of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat king of Judah, Wilt thou go with 
me to Ramoth-gilead ? And he answered him, I am as thou art, and 

4 my people as thy people ; and we will be with thee in the war. And 
Jehoshaphat said unto the king of Israel, Enquire pray as the day at 

5 the word of the Eternal. Therefore the king of Israel gathered to- 
gether of prophets four hundred men, and said unto them, Shall we 
go to Ramoth-gilead to the war, or shall I forbear ? And they said, 

6 Go up ; for God will give it into the king's hand. But Jehoshaphat 
said. Is there not here a prophet of the Eternal besides, that we might 

7 enquire of him ? And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, 
There is yet one man, by whom we may enquire of the Eternal ; but 
I hate him ; for he never prophesied good unto me, but always evil : 
the same is Micaiah the son of Imla. And Jehoshaphat said, Let 


8 not the king say so. And the king of Israel called for one of his 

9 eunuchs, and said, Fetch quickly Micaiah the son of Imla. And the 
king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah sat either of them on 
his throne, clothed in their robes, and they sat in a barn at the 
entering in of the gate of Samaria; and all the prophets prophesied 

10 before them. And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah had made him 
horns of iron, and said. Thus saith the Eternal, with these thou shalt 

1 1 push Syria until they be consumed. And all the prophets prophesied 
so, saying, go up to Ramoth-gileah, and prosper : for the Eternal shall 

12 give it into the hand of the king. And the messenger that went to call 
Micaiah spake to him, saying, Behold, the words of the prophets 
declare good to the king with one assent ; let thy word therefore, I 

13 pray thee, be like one of their's, and speak thou good. And Micaiah 
said, As the Eternal liveth, even what my God saith, that will I speak. 

14 And when he was come to the king, the king said unto him, Micaiah, 
shall we go to Ramoth-gilead to the war, or shall I forbear ? And he 
said. Go ye up, and prosper, and they shall be given into your hand. 

15 And the king said to him, How many times shall I adjure thee that 

16 thou say nothing but truth to me in the name of the Eternal ? Then 
he said, I did see all Israel scattered upon the mountains, as the flock 
that have no shepherd : and the Eternal said. These have no master-; 

17 let them return therefore every man to his house in peace. And the 
king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, Did I not tell thee that he would 

18 not prophesy good unto me, but evil ? Again he said, Therefore hear 
the word of the Eternal ; I saw the Eternal sitting upon his throne, 

19 and all the host of heaven standing on his right and on his left. And 
the Eternal said. Who shall entice Ahab king of Israel, that he may 
go up and fall at Ramoth-gilead ? And he further said, this one said 

20 thus and the other thus. Then there came out the spirit, and stood 
before the Eternal, and said, I will entice him. And the Eternal 

21 said unto him. Wherewith ? And he said I will go out, and be a 
lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And the Eternal said, 
Thou shalt entice him, and thou shalt also prevail : go out and do 

22 even so. Now therefore, behold, the Eternal hath put a lying spirit 
in the mouth of these thy prophets, and the Eternal hath spoken evil 

23 against thee. Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near, and 
smote Micaiah upon the cheek, and said. Which way went the Spirit 

24 of the Eternal from me to speak unto thee ? And Micaiah said. 
Behold, thou shalt see on that day when thou shalt go into an inner 


25 chamber to hide thyself. Then the king of Israel said, Take ye 
Micaiah, and carry him back to Amon the governor of the city, and to 

26 Joash the king's son; And say. Thus saith the king, Put this /ellow 
in the prison, and feed him with bread of affliction and with water of 

27 affliction, until I return in peace. And Micaiah said. If thou cer- 
tainly return in peace, then hath not the Eternal spoken by me. And 

28 he said, Hearken, all ye peoples. So the king of Israel and Jehosha- 

29 phat the king of Judah went up to Ramoth-gilead. And the king 
of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, I will disguise myself, and will go 
to the war; but put thou on thy robes. So the king of Israel dis- 

30 guised himself: and they went to the war. Now the king of Syria 
had commanded the officers of the chariots that were with him, 
saying, Fight ye not with the small or the great, save only with the 

31 king of Israel. And it came to pass when the officers of the cha- 
riots saw Jehoshaphat, that they said, It is the king of Israel. 
Therefore they compassed about him to fight: but Jehoshaphat 
cried out, and the Eternal helped him ; and God moved them to 

32 depart from him. For it came to pass, that, when the officers of the 
chariots perceived that it was not the king of Israel, they turned 

33 back again from pursuing him. And a certain man drew the bow at a 
venture, and smote the king of Israel between the joints of the har- 
ness : therefore he said to his chariot man. Turn thy hand, that thou 

34 mayest carry me out of the host ; for I am sick. And the battle 
increased that day ; howbeit the king of Israel stayed himself up in 
his chariot against the Syrians until the even : and about the time of 
the sun going down he died. 

1 Chap. xix. — And Jehoshaphat the king of Judah returned to his 

2 house in peace to Jerusalem. And Jehu the son of Hanani the seer 
went out to meet him, and said to king Jehoshaphat, Shouldest thou 
help the ungodly, and love them that hate the Eternal ? therefore is 

3 wrath upon thee from before the Eternal. Nevertheless there are 
good things found in thee, in that thou hast taken away the asheroth 
out of the land, and hast prepared thy heart to inquire after God, 

4 And Jehoshaphat dwelt at Jerusalem : and he went out again 
through the people from Beer-sheba to Mount Epliraim, and brought 

5 them back unto the Eternal God of their fathers. And he set 
judges in the land throughout all the fortified cities of Judah, city by 

6 city, And said to the judges, Take heed what ye do : for ye judge 
not for man, but for the Eternal, who is with you in the judgment. 

7 Wherefore now let the dread of the Eternal be upon you ; take heed 

< 1 ir. CHRONICLES, XIX., XX. 

and do it : for there is no iniquity with the Eternal our God, nor 

8 respect of persons, nor taking of bribe. Moreover in Jerusalem did 
Jehoshaphat set of the Levites, and of the priests, and of the heads 
of the fathers of Israel, for the judgment of the Eternal, and for 

9 controversies, when they returned to Jerusalem. And he charged 
them, saying. Thus shall ye do in the fear of the Eternal, in faith- 

10 fulness, and with a perfect heart. And what cause soever shall come 
to you of your brethren that dwell in their cities, between blood and 
blood, between law and commandment, statutes and judgments, ye 
shall even enlighten them that they be not guilty to the Eternal, and 
so wrath come upon you and upon your brethren : this do, and ye shall 

11 not be guilty. And, behold, Amariah the chief priest is over you in 
all jmatfcers of the Eternal ; and Zebadiah the son of Ishmael, the 
leader of the house of Judah, for all the king's matters : also the 
Levites shall be bailiffs before you. Deal courageously, and the 
Eternal shall be with the good. 

1 Chap. xx. — It came to pass after this also, that the children of 
Moab, and the children of Ammon, and with them other beside the 

2 Ammonites, came against Jehoshaphat to the war. Then there 
came some that told Jehoshaphat, saying. There cometh a great 
multitude against thee from beyond the sea, from Syria ; and, behold, 

3 they are in Hazazon-tamar, which is En-gedi. And Jehoshaphat 
feared, and set himself to inquire of the Eternal, and proclaimed a 

4 fast throughout all Judah. And Judah gathered themselves toge- 
ther, to seek help from the Eternal : even out of all the cities of 

5 Judah they came to seek the Eternal. And Jehoshaphat stood in 
the congregation of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of the Eternal, 

6 before the new court,^ And said, O Eternal God of our fathers, m't 
not thou God in heaven ? and rulest not thou over all the kingdoms 
of the nations ? and in thy hand is there not power and might, so 

7 that none is able to withstand thee ? Art not thou our God, who 
didst dispossess the inhabitants of this land before thy people Israel, 

8 and gavest it to the seed of Abraham thy friend for ever ? And 
they dwelt therein, and have built thee a sanctuary- therein for thy 

9 name, saying, \i,iohen evil conicth upon us, as the sword, judgment, 
or pestilence, or famine, we stand before this house, and in thy pre- 
sence, — for thy name zs in this house, — and cry unto thee in our 

10 affliction, then thou wilt hear and help. And now, behold, the 
children of Ammon and Moab and mount Seir, whom thou wouldest 
not let Israel invade, when they came out of the land of Egypt, but 

11 they turned from them and destroyed them not ; Behold, / say, horo 
they reward us, to come to drive us from thy possession, which thou 

' enclosure. 

s 2 


12 hast given us to inherit. O our God, wilt not thou judge them ? for 
we have no might against this great multitude that cometh against 

13 us ; neither know we what to do : but our eyes are upon thee. And 
all Judah stood before the Eternal, with their little ones, their wives, 

14 and their children. Then upon Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the 
son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, a Levite of 
the sons of Asaph, came the Spirit of the Eternal in the midst of the 

15 congregation ; And he said. Attend ye, all Judah, and ye inhabitants 
of Jerusalem, and thou king Jehoshaphat, Thus saith the Eternal 
unto you, Be not afraid nor dismayed by reason of this great multi- 

16 tude; for the war ?s not your^s, but God's. To morrow go ye down 
against them ; behold, they come up by the ascent of Ziz ; and ye 
shall find them at the end of the brook, before the desert of Jeruel. 

1 7 Ye shall not need to fight in this battle : set yourselves, stand ye still, 
and see the salvation of the Eternal with you, O Judah and Jerusalem ; 
fear not, nor be dismayed ; to morrow go out against them : for the 

18 Eternal will he with you. And Jehoshaphat bowed his head with his 
face to the ground, and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem 

1 9 fell before the Eternal, prostrate before the Eternal. And the Levites, 
of the children of the Kohathites, and of the children of the Kor- 
hites, stood up to praise the Eternal God of Israel with a loud voice 

20 on high. And they rose early in the morning and went forth into 
the desert of Tekoa : and as they went forth, Jehoshaphat stood and 
said. Hear me, O Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem; Believe 
in the Eternal your God, so shall ye be established; believe his pro- 

21 phets, so shall ye prosper. And when he had consulted with the 
people, he appointed singers unto the Eternal, and that should 
praise the splendour of his holiness, as they went out before the 
army, and to say, Praise the Eternal, for his mercy endureth for 

22 ever. And when they began to sing and to praise, the Eternal set 
ambushments against the children of Arnmon, Moab, and mount 

23 Seir, who were come against Judah ; and they were smitten. For 
the children of Ammon and Moab stood up against the inhabitants 
of mount Seir, utterly to slay and destroy them : and when they had 
made an end of the inhabitants of Seir, every one helped to 

24 destroy another. And when Judah came towards the watch 

tower in the desert, they looked unto the multitude, and, behold, 
they were dead bodies fallen to the earth, and none escaped. 

25 And when Jehoshaphat and his people came to take away the 
spoil of them, they found among them in abundance both riches 
with the dead bodies, and costly vessels, which they stripped 
off for themselves, more than they could carry away ; and 
they were three days in gathering of the spoil, it was so 

26 much. And on the fourth day they assembled themselves in the 
valley of Berachah ; for there they blessed the Eternal : therefore 
the name of the same place was called The valley of Berachah unto 


27 this day. Then they returned, every man of Judah and Jerusalem, 
and Jehoshaphat at their head, to go again to Jerusalem with joy ; 

28 for the Eternal had made them to rejoice over their enemies. And 
they came to Jerusalem with psalteries and harps and trumpets unto 

29 the house of the Eternal. And the dread of God was on all the 
kingdoms of those countries, when they had heard that the Eternal 

30 fought against the enemies of Israel. So the kingdom of Jehosha- 

31 phat was quiet: for his God gave him rest round about. And Je- 
hoshaphcit reigned over Judah : he was thirty and five years old 
when he began to reign, and he reigned twenty and five years in 
Jerusalem. And his mother's name toas Azubah the daughter of 

32 Shilhi. And he walked in the way of Asa his father, and departed 
not from it, doing that ivhich was right in the eyes of the Eternal. 

33 Howbeit the high places were not taken away : for as yet the people 

34 haa not prepared their hearts unto the God of their fathers. Now 
the rest of the acts^ of Jehoshaphat, the first and the last, behold, 
they are written in the book of Jehu the son of Hanani, which are 

35 entered in the book of the kings of Israel. And after this did Jeho- 
shaphat king of Judah join himself with Ahaziah king of Israel, who 

36 did very wickedly : And he joined himself with him to make ships 
to go to Tarshish : and they made ships in Ezion-gaber. Then 
Eliezer the son of Dodavah of Mareshah prophesied against Jeho- 
shaphat, saying. Because thou hast joined thyself with Ahaziah, the 
Eternal hath burst asunder thy works. And the ships were broken, 
that they were not able to go to Tarshish. 

1 Chap. xxi. — Now Jehoshaphat lay with his fathers, and was buried 
with his fathers in the city of David. And Jehoram his son reigned 

2 in his stead. And he had brethren the sons of Jehoshaphat, Aza- 
riah, and Jehiel, and Zechariah, and Azariah, and Michael, and 
Shephatiah : all these ivere the sons of Jehoshaphat king of Israel. 

3 And their father gave them great gifts of silver, and of gold, and of 
precious things, with fenced cities in Judah : but the kingdom gave 

4 he to Jehoram ; because he was the firstborn. Now when Jehoram 
was risen up to the kingdom of his father, he strengthened himself, 
and slew all his brethren with the sword, and divers also of the 

5 princes^ of Israel. Jehoram was thirty and two years old when he 

6 began to reign, and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem. And he 
walked in the ways of the kings of Israel, like as did the house of 
Ahab : for he had the daughter of Ahab to wile : and he wrought 

Words. ' oflicprii. 


7 that which was evil in the eyes of the Eternal. Howbeit the Eternal 
would not destroy the house of David, because of the covenant that 
he had made with David, and as he promised to give a light to him 

8 and to his sons for ever. In his days the Edomites revolted from 

9 under the hand of Judah, and made themselves a king. Then Jeho- 
ram went forth with his officers, and all his chariots with him : and 
he rose up by night and smote the Edomites who compassed him in, 

10 and the officers of the chariots. So the Edomites revolted from 
under the hand of Judah unto this day. The same time also did 
Libnah revolt from under his hand ; because he had forsaken the 

1 1 Eternal God of his fathers. Moreover he made high places in the moun- 
tains of Judah, and caused the inhabitants of Jerusalem to commit 

12 fornication, and drove Judah thereto. And there came a writing to 
him from EUjah the prophet, saying, Thus saith the Eternal God of 
David thy father, Bscause thou hast not walked in the ways of Jeho- 

1 3 shaphat thy father, nor in the ways of Asa king of Judah, But hast 
walked in the way of the kings of Israel, and hast made Judah and 
the inhabitants of Jerusalem to go a whoring, like to the whoredoms 
of the house of Ahab, and also hast slain thy brethren of thy father's 

14 house, who were better than thyself : Behold, with a great plague 
will the Eternal afflict thy people, and thy children, and thy wives, 

15 and all thy substance : And thou shalt have great sickness by disease 
of thy bowel N, until thy bowels fall out by reason of the sickness day 

16 by day. Moreover the Eternal stirred up against Jehoram the spirit 
of the Philistines, and of the Arabians, that ivere near the Cushim : 

17 And they came up into Judah, and brake into it, and captured all 
the substance that was found in the king's house, and his sons also, 
and his wives ; so that there was never a son left him save Jehoahaz, 

18 the youngest of his sons. And after all this the Eternal afflicted 

19 him in his bowels with an incurable disease. And it came to pass, 
that from time to time, after the end of two years, his bowels fell out 
by reason of his sickness : so he died of sore diseases. And his 
people made no burning for him, like the burning of his fathers. 

20 Thirty and two years old was he when he began to reign, and he 
reigned in Jerusalem eight years, and departed without being 
desired. Howbeit they buried him in the city of David, but not in 
the sepulchres of the kings. 

1 Chap. xxii. — And the inhabitants of Jerusalem made Ahaziah his 
youngest son king in his stead : for the band of men that came with 
the Arabians to the camp had slain all the eldest. So Ahaziah the 

2 son of Jehoram king of Judah reigned. Forty and two years old 
was Ahaziah when he began to reign, and he reigned one year in 
Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Athaliah the daughter of 

3 Omri. He also walked in the ways of the house of Ahab : for his 


4 mother was his counsellor to do wickedly. Wherefore he did evil in 
the eyes of the Eternal like the house of Ahab, for they were his 

5 counsellors after the death of his father, to his destruction. He 
walked also after their counsel, and went with Jehorani the son of 
Ahab king of Israel to the war against Hazael king of Syria at 

6 Ramoth-gilead : and the Syrians smote Joram. And he returned 
to be healed in Jezreel, because of the wounds which they struck 
him at the Ramah, when he fought with Hazael king of Syria. And 
Azariah the son of Jehoram king of Judah went down to see Jeho- 

7 ram the son of Ahab at Jezreel, because he was sick. And the 
destruction of Ahaziah was of God by coming to Joram : for when 
he was come he went out with Jehoram against Jehu the son of 
Nimshi, whom the Eternal had anointed to cut off the house of 

8 Ahab. And it came to pass, that, when Jehu was executing judg- 
ment upon the house of Ahab, and found the princes^ of Judah, and 
the sons of the brethren of Ahaziah that ministered to Ahaziah, he 

9 slew them. And he sought Ahaziah : and they caught him, — for 
he was hid in Samaria, — and brought him to Jehu : and when they 
had slain him, they buried him : Because, said they, he is the son of 
Jehoshaphat, who inquired after the Eternal with all his heart. So 

10 the house of Ahaziah had no power to keep still the kingdom. But 
when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, 

1 1 she arose and destroyed all the seed royal of the house of Judah. But 
Jehoshabeath, the daughter of the king, took Joash the son of Aha- 
ziah, and stole him from among the king's sons that were being slain, 
and put him and his nurse in the bedchamber. So Jehoshabeath, 
the daughter of king Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada the priest, — for 
she was the sister of Ahaziah, — screened him from Athaliah, so that 

12 she slew him not. And he was with them hid in the house of God 
six years : and Athaliah reigned over the land. 

1 Chap, xxiii. — And in the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened him- 
self, and took the officers of the hundreds, Azariah the son of Jehoram, 
and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and 
Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into 

2 covenant with him. And they went about in Judah, and gathered 
the Levites out of all the cities of Judah, and the heads of the fathers 

3 of [srael, and they came to Jerusalem. And all the congregation 
made a covenant with the king in the house of God. And he said 
unto them, Behold, the king's son shall reign, as the Fiternal hath 

4 said of the sons of David. This is the thing that ye shall do ; A third 

1 officers. 


part of you entering on the sabbath, of the priests and of the Levitef?, 

5 shall be porters of the doors •} And a third part shall be at the king's 
house ; and a third part at the gate of the foundation : and all the 

6 people shall be in the courts^ of the house of the Eternal. But let 
none come into the house of the Eternal, save the priests, and they 
that minister of the Levites; they shall go in, for they are holy: but 

7 all the people shall keep the watch of the Eternal. And the Levites 
shall compass the king round about, every man with his weapons in 
his hand ; and whosoever else cometh into the house he shall be put 
to death : but be ye with the king, when he cometh in, and when he 

8 goeth out. So the Levites and all Judah did according to all things 
that Jehoiada the priest had commanded, and took every man his 
men that were to come in on the sabbath, with them that were to go 
out on the sabbath : for Jehoiada the priest dismissed not the courses. 

9 Moreover Jehoiada the priest gave to the officers of the hundreds the 
spears, and the bucklers, and the shields, that had been king David's, 

10 which icere in the house of God. And he set all the people, every 
man having his weapon in his hand, from the right side^ of the tem- 
ple to the left side^ of the temple, along by the altar and the temple, 

1 1 by the king round about. Then they brought out the king's son, and 
put upon him the crown, and^ave him the testimony, and made him 
king. And Jehoiada and his sons anointed him, and said God save 

12 the king.4 ]\fo^ vihen Athaliah heard the noise of the people running 
and praising the king, she came to the people into the house of the 

13 Eternal : And she looked, and, behold, the king stood on his pillar 
at the entering in, and the officers and the trumpets by the king : and 
all the people of the land rejoiced, and sounded with trumpets, a,lso 
the singers with instruments of musick, and such as taught^ to sing 
praise. Then Athaliah rent her clothes, and said. Treason, Treason. 

14 Then Jehoiada the priest brought out the officers of the hundreds 
that were set over the host, and said unto them. Bring her forth 
to within the ranges : and whoso followeth her, let him be slain with 
the sword. For the priest said, Slay her not in the house of the 

15 Eternal. So they made room for her : and when she was come to 
the entering of the horse gate by the king's house, they slew her there. 

16 And Jehoiada made a covenant between him, and between all the 
people, and between the king, that they should be of the Eternal's 

17 people. Then all the people went to the house of Baal, and brake 
it down, and brake his altars and his images in pieces, and slew 

18 Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars. Also Jehoiada appointed 
the offices of the house of the Eternal by the hand of the priests 
the Levites, whom David had distributed in the house of the Eternal, 
to offer the burnt offerings of the Eternal, as it is written in the law 

» tliresholds. ' enclosures. ^ shoulder. ■* may the king live. = made known. 


of Moses, with rejoicing and with singing, as it was ordained by 

19 David. And he set the porters at the gates of the house of the Eternal, 

20 that none who was unclean in anything should enter in. And he 
took the officers of the hundreds, and the mighty ones, and the rulers 
of the people, and all the people of the land, and brought down the 
king from the house of the Eternal : and they came through the upper 
gate into the king's house, and set the king upon the throne of the 

21 kingdom. And all the people of the land rejoiced: and the city 
was quiet, for they had slain Athaliah with the sword. 

1 Chap. xxiv. — Joash was seven years old when he began to reign, 
and he reigned forty years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also 

2 was Zibiah of Beer-sheba. And Joash did that which was right in 

3 the eyes of the Eternal all the days of Jehoiada the priest. And 
Jehoiada took for him two wives ; and he begat sons and daughters. 

4 And it came to pass after this, that Joash was minded to repair' the 

5 house of the Eternal. And he gathered together the priests and the 
Levites, and said to them, Go out unto the cities of Judah, and 
gather of all Israel money to repair the house of your God from year 
to year, and see that ye hasten the matter- Howbeit the Levites 

6 hastened it not. And the king called for Jehoiada the chief, and 
said unto him, Why hast thou not required of the Levites to bring 
in out of Judah and out of Jerusalem the collection, according to the 
commandment of Moses the servant of the Eternal, and of the congre- 

7 gation of Israel, for the tent of testimony ? For the sons of Athaliah, 
that wicked woman, had broken up the house of God; and also all 
the hallowed things of the house of the Eternal did they bestow upon 

8 Baalim. And at the king's commandment they made a chest, and 

9 set it without at the gate of the house of the Eternal. And they 
made a proclamation through Judah and Jerusalem, to bring in to the 
Eternal the collection that Moses the servant of God laid upon Israel 

10 in the desert. And all the princes^ and all the people rejoiced, and 
brought in, and cast into the chest, until they had made an end. 

11 Now it came to pass, that at what time the chest was brought unto 
the king's office by the hand of the Levites, and when they saw that 
there was much money, the king^s scribe and the chief priest's officer 
came and emptied the chest, and took it, and carried it to its place 
again. Thus they did day by day, and gathered money in abundance. 

12 And the king and Jehoiada gave it to such as did the work of the 
service of the house of the Eternal, and hired masons and carpenters 
to renew the house of the Eternal, and also such as wrought iron and 

' l-encw. - officers, 


13 copper to repair the house of the Eternal. So the workmen wrought, 
and the work was perfected by them, and they set the house of God 

14 in its state, and strengthened it. And when they had finished it, 
they brought the rest of the money before the king and Jehoiada, 
whereof were made vessels for the house of the Eternal, even vessels 
to minister, and to oifer withal, and spoons, and vessels of gold and 
silver. And they offered burnt offerings in the house of the Eternal 

15 continually all the days of Jehoiada. Bui Jehoiada waxed old, and 
was full of days when he died ; a hundred and thirty years old was 

16 he when he died. And they buried him in the city of David among 
the kings, because he had done good in Israel, both towards God and 

17 towards his house. Now after the death of Jehoiada came the 
princes^ of Judah and prostrated themselves before the king. Then the 

1 8 king hearkened unto them. And they left the house of the Eternal 
God of their fathers, and served asherim and the idols ; and wrath 

19 came upon Judah and Jerusalem for this their guilt. Yet he sent 
prophets to them, to bring them again unto the Eternal ; and they 

20 testified against them : but they would not give ear. And a spirit of 
God came upon Zechariah the son of Jehoiada the priest, and he 
took his station above the people, and said unto them. Thus saith 
God, Wherefore transgress ye the commandments of the Eternal, 
that ye cannot prosper ? because ye have forsaken the Eternal, he 

21 hath also forsaken you. And they conspired against him, and 
stoned him with stones at the commandment of tlie king in the court^ 

22 of the house of the Eternal. Thus Joash the king remembered not 
the kindness which Jehoiada his father had done to him, but slew his 
son. And when he died, he said. The Eternal look upon it, and 

23 require it. And it came to pass at the end of the year, that the force 
of Syria came up against him ; and they came to Judah and Jeru- 
salem, and destroyed all the officers of the people from among the 
people, and sent all the spoil of them unto the king of Damascus. 

24 For the force of the Syrians came with a small company of men, and 
the Eternal gave a very great force into their hand, because they had 
forsaken the Eternal God of their fathers. So they executed judg- 

2o ment against Joash. And when they were departed from him — for 
they left him in great diseases — his own servants conspired against 
him for the blood of the sons of Jehoiada the priest, and slew him 
on his bed, and he died : and they buried him in the city of David, 

26 but they buried him not in the sepulchres of the kings. And these 
are they that conspired against him : Zabad the son of Shimeath an 

27 Ammonitess, and Jehozabad the son of Shimrith a Moabitess. Now 
concerning his sons, and the greatness of the burdens laid upon him. 

' officers. * enclosure. 


and the repairing^ of the house of God, behold, they are written in 
the record of the book of the kings. And Amaziah his son reigned 
in his stead. 

1 Chap. xxv. — Amaziah nas twenty and five years old 'when\i^ began 
to reign, and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. And his 

2 mother's name was Jehoaddan of Jerusale :i. And he did that which 
loas light in the eyes of the Eternal, but not with a perfect heart. 

3 Now it came to pass when the kingdom was established to him, 

4 that he slew his servants that had killed the king his father. But he 
slew not their children, but did as it is written in the law in the book 
of Moses, where the Eternal coiiMTianded, saying. Fathers shall not 
die for children, neither shall children die for fathers, but every man 

5 shall die for his own sin. Moreover Amaziah gathered Judah toge- 
ther, and placed them according to the officers of the thousands, and 
the officers of the hundreds, according to the houses oi tlieir fathers, 
throughout all Judah and Benjamin : and he numbered them from 
twenty years old and above, and found them three hundred thousand 
choice men, able to go forth with the host, bearing S2:>ear and buckler. 

G He hired also a hundred thousand mighty men of valour out of 

7 Israel for a hundred talents of silver. But there came the man of 
God to him, saying, O king, let not the host of Israel go with thee ; 
for the Eternal is not with Israel, to wit, with all the children of 

8 Ephraim. But if thou wilt go, do //, be strong for the war : God shall 
make thee stumble before the enemy : for God hath power to help, 

9 and to make stumble. And Amaziah said to (he man of God, But 
what shall we do for the hundred talents which I hive given to the 
army of Israel ? And the man of God answered. The Eternal is able 

10 to give thee much more than this. Then Amaziah separated them, 
to wit, the army that was come to him out of Ephraim, to go home 
again ; wherefore their anger was greatly kindled against Judah, and 

11 they returned home in great anger. And Amaziah strengthened 
himself, and led forth his people, and went to the valley of salt, and 

12 smote of the children of Seir ten thousand. And other ten thousand 
left alive did the children of Judah capture, and brought them unto 
the top of the rock, and cast them down from the top of the rock, 

13 that they all were broken in pieces. But the soldiers of the arniy 
whom Amaziah sent back, that they should not go with him to the 
war, spread over the cities of Judah, from Samaiia even unto Beth- 
horon, and smote three thousand of them, and took much spoil. 

11 Now it came to pass, after tliat Amaziah was come from the slaughter 
of the Edoniites, that he brought the gods of the children of Seir, 
and set them up to be his gods, and prostrated himself before them, 

15 and burned incense unto them. Wherefore the anger of the Eternal 

' foundation. 

T 2 


was kindled against Amaziah, and he sent unto him a prophet, who 
said unto him, Why hast thou inquired after the gods of the people, 

16 which could not deliver their own people out of thy hand? And it 
came to pass, as he talked with him, that the king said unto him. 
Art thou made of the king's counsel ? forbear ; why shouldest thou 
be smitten ? Then the prophet forbore, and said, I know that God 
hath determined to destroy thee, because thou hast done this, and 

17 hast not hearkened unto my counsel. Then Amaziah king of Judah 
took counsel, and sent to Joash, the son of Jehohaz, the son of Jehu, 

18 king of Israel, saying, Come, let us see one another in the face. And 
Joash king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, The 
bramble that is in the Lebanon sent to the cedar that is in Lebanon, 
saying, Give thy daughter to my son to wife : and there passed by 
an animal of the field that was in the Lebanon, and trod down the 

19 bramble. Thou sayest, Lo, thou hast smitten theEdomites; and 
thy heart lifteth thee up to glory in it : abide now at home ; why 
shouldest thou contend with misfortune, that thou shouldest fall, 

20 even thou, and Judah with thee? But Amaziah would not hear; for 
it came of God, that he might give them into the hand of their 

2 1 enemies, because they inquired after the gods of Edom. So Joash 
the king of Israel went up ; and they saw one another in the face, 
both he and Amaziah king of Judah, at Beth-shemesh, which 

22 belongeth to Judah. And Judah was put to the worse before Israel, 

23 and they fled every man to his tent. And Joash the king of Israel 
took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Joash, the son of Jehoabaz, 
at Beth-shemesh, and brought him to Jerusalem, and brake down 
the rampart of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim to the corner 

24 gate, four hundred cubits. And he took all the gold and the silver, 
and all the vessels that were found in the house of God with Obed- 
edom, and the treasures of the king's house, the hostages also, and 

25 returned to Samaria. And Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah 
lived after the death of Joash son of Jehoabaz king of Israel fifteen 

26 years. Now the rest of the acts of Amaziah, the first and the last, 
behold, are they not written in the book of the kings of Judah and 

27 Israel ? Now from the time that Amaziah did depart from the 
Eternal they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem; and 
he fled to Lachish : but they sent to Lachish after him and slew 

28 him there. And they carried him upon horses, and buried him 
with his fathers in the city of Judah. 


1 Chap. xxvi. — Then all the people of Judah took Uzziah, who was 
sixteen years old, and made him king instead of his father Amaziah. 

2 He built Eloth, and restored it to Judah, after that the king lay with 

3 his fathers. Sixteen years old was Uzziah when he began to reign, 
and he reigned fifty and two years in Jerusalem. His mother's name 

4 also was Jecoliah of Jerusalem. And he did that which was right in 
the eyes of the Eternal, according to all that his father Amaziah did, 

5 And he was ready to inquire of God in the days of Zechariah, who 
had understanding in the visions of God : and as long as he inquired 

6 of the Eternal, God made him to prosper. And he went forth and 
fought against the Philistines, and brake down the rampart of Gath, 
and the rampart of Jabneh, and the rampart of Ashdod, and built 

7 cities in Ashdod, and among the Philistines. And God helped him 
against the Philistines, and against the Arabians that dwelt in Gur- 

8 baal, and the Mehunim. And the iA.mmonites gave gifts to Uzziah : 
and his name spread abroad even to the entering in of Egypt ; for 

9 he strengthened himself exceedingly. Moreover Uzziah built towers 
in Jerusalem at the gate of the turning, and at the glen gate, and at 

10 the corner q/" //«e wff/I, and fortified them. Also he built towers in 
the desert, and hewed out many cisterns : for he had much cattle, 
both in the low country, and in the plains : husbandmen also, and 
vinedressers in the mountains, and in Carmel : for he loved hus- 

11 bandry. Moreover Uzziah had a force for making war, that went 
out with the host by bands, according to the number of their account 
by the hand of Jeiel the scribe and Maaseiah the bailiff, under the 

12 hand of Hananiah, owe of the king's officers. The whole number of 
the heads of the fathers of the mighty men of valour ivere two thou- 

13 sand and six hundred. And under their hand loas the force of the 
host, three hundred thousand and seven thousand and five hundred, 
that made war with mighty power, to help the king against the 

14 enemy. And Uzziah prepared for them throughout all the host 
shields, and spears, and helmets, and habergeons, and bows, and 

1.5 slings to cast stones. And he made in Jerusalem contrivances, a 
thinkers' thought, to be on the towers and upon the turnings, to 
shoot therewith the arrows and the great stones. And his name 
spread far abroad; for he was marvellously helped, till he was 

16 strong. But when he was strong, his heart was lifted up to cor- 
ruption : for he transgressed against the Eternal his God, and went 
into the temple of the Eternal to burn incense upon the altar of 

17 incense. And Azariah the priest went in after him, and with him 


18 fourscore priests of the Eternal, that were valiant men : And they 
stood up against Uzziah the kini^, and said unto him, It appertaineth 
not unto thee, Uzziah, to burn incense unto the Eternal, but to the 
priests the sons of Aaron, that are consecrated to burn incense : go 
out of the sanctuary ; for thou hast trespassed ; neither shall it be 

19 for thine honour from the Eternal God. Then Uzziah was wroth, 
and had a censer in his hand to burn incense : and while he was 
wroth with the priests, the leprosy even rose up in his forehead before 
the priests in the house of the Eternal, from beside the incense allar^. 

20 And Azariah the chief priest, and all the priests, looked upon him, 
and, behold, he loas leprous in his forehead, and they hurried him out 
from thence ; yea, himself hasted also to go out, because the Eternal 

2 1 had afflicted him. And Uzziah the king was a leper unto the day of 
his death, and dwelt in the house of retirement, beiny a leper ; for he 
was cut oft" from the house of the Eternal : and Jotham his son was 

22 over the king's house, judging the people of the land. Now the rest 
of the acts of Uzziah, the first and the last, did Isaiah the prophet, 

23 the son of Amoz, write. So Uzziah lay with his fathers, and they 
buried him with his fathers in the field of the burial which belonrjed 
to the kings ; for they said, He is a leper : and Jotliam his son reigned 
in his stead. 

1 Chap, xxvii. — Jotham was twenty and five years old when he be- 
gan to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. His mother's 

2 name also ivas Jerushah, the daughter of Zadok. And he did that nhich 
was right in the eyes of the Eternal, according to all that his father 
Uzziah did : howbeit he entered not into the temple of the Eternal. 

3 And the people did yet corruptly. He built the upper gate of the 
house of the Eternal, and on the rampart of Ophel lie built much. 

4 Moreover he built cities in the mountains of Judah, and in the forests 

5 he built castles and towers. He fought also with the king of the 
Ammonites, and prevailed against them. And the children of Ammon 
gave him the same year a hundred talents of silver, and ten thousand 
measures of wheat, and ten thousand of barley. So much did the 
children of Ammon repeatedly give him, both the second year, and 

6 the third. So Jotham became mighty, because he j^repared his ways 

7 before the Eternal his God. Now the rest of the acts of Jotham, 
and all his wars, and his ways, lo, they are written in the book of 

8 the kings of Israel and Judah. He was five and twenty years old 
when he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in .Jerusalem. 

9 And Jotham lay with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of 
David : and Ahaz his son reigned in his stead. 


1 Chap, xxviir. — Ahaz tons twenty years old when he began to reign, 
and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem ; but he did not that 
which teas right in the eyes of the Eternal, like David his father : 

2 For he walked in the ways of the kings of Israel, and made also 

3 molten images for Baalim. Moreover he burnt incense in the glen 
of the son of Hinnom, and burnt his children in the fire, after the 
abominations of the nations whom the Eternal had dispossessed before 

4 the children of Israel. He sacrificed also and burnt incense in the 

5 high places, and on the hills, and under every bushy tree. Where- 
fore the Eternal gave him into the hand of the king of Syria ; and they 
smote him, and carried away a great multitude of them capfives, and 
brought them to Damascus. And he was also given into the hand 

6 of the king of Israel, who smote him v.ith a great slaughter. For 
Pekah (he son of Remaliah slew in Jiidah a hundred and twenty 
thousand in one day, who were all valiant men ; because they had for- 

7 saken the Eternal God of their fathers. And Zichri, a mighty man 
of Ephraim, slew Maaseiah the king's son, and Azrikam the governor 

8 of the house, and E'kanah that tens next to the king. And the 
children of Israel carried nv.ay captive of their brethren two hundred 
thousand, women, sons, and daughters, and took also away much 

9 spoil from them, and brought the spoil to Samaria. But a prophet 
of the Eternal was there, whose name loas Oded : and he v/ent out 
before the host that came to Samaria, and said unto them, Behold, 
because the Eternal God of your fathers v/as wroth with Judah, he 
hath given them into your hand, and ye have slain them in a rage 

10 ^/<a^ reacheth up unto heaven. And now ye purpose to subdue the 
children of Judah and Jerusalem for bondmen and bondwomen unto 
you : but are there not with you, even with you, sins against the 

1 1 Eternal your God ? Now hear me therefore, and restore the captives, 
whom ye have captured of your brethren : for the fierce wrath of 

12 the Eternal is upon you. Then certain of the heads of the children 
of Epliraini, Azariah the son of Johanan, Berechiah the son of 
Meshillemoth, and Jehizkiah the son of Shallum, and Amasa the son 

13 of Hadlai, stood up against Ihem that came from the host, And said 
unto them, Ya shall not bring in the captives hither ; for whereas we 
have offended against the Eternal already, ye intend to add more to 
our sins and to our guilt : for our guilt is great, and there is fierce 

14 wrath against Israel. So the armed men left the captives and the 

15 spoil before the officers and all the congregation. And the men who 
were expressed' by name rose up, and took the captives, and with 
the spoil clothed all that were naked aniong them, and clothed them, 

' jirickcil. 


and shod them, and gave them to eat and to drink, and anointed 
them, and carried all the feeble of them upon asses, and brought them 
to Jericho, the city of palm trees, to their brethren: then they re- 

16 turned to Samaria. At that time did king Ahaz send unto the kings 

17 of Assyria to help him. For again the Edomites had come and 

18 smitten Judah, and carried away captives. The Philistines also had 
spread in the cities of the low country, and of the south of Judah, 
and had taken Beth-shemesh, and Ajalon, and Gederoth, and Shocho 
with the villages thereof, and Timnah with the villages thereof, 

19 Gimzo also and the villages thereof; and they dwelt there. For the 
Eternal humbled Judah because of Ahaz king of Israel ; for he made 

20 Judah unruly, and transgressed sore against the Eternal. And 
Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria came unto him, and distressed him, 

21 but strengthened him not. For Ahaz took away a portion^ out of 
the house of the Eternal, and out of the house of the king, and of the 
officers, and gave it unto the king of Assyria : bnt he helped him 

22 not. And in the time of his distress did he trespass yet more against 

23 the Eternal : this is that king Ahaz. For he sacrificed unto the gods 
of Damascus, which smote him : and he said, Because the gods of 
the kings of Syria help them, therefore will I sacrifice to them, that 
they may help me. But they were the ruin of him^ and of all Israel. 

24 And Ahaz gathered together the vessels of the house of God, and 
cut in pieces the vessels of the house of God, and shut up the doors 
of the house of the Eternal, and he made him altars in every turning 

25 of Jerusalem. And in every several city of Judah he made higl 
places to burn incense unto other gods, and provoked to anger th' 

26 Eternal God of his fathers. Now the rest of his acts^ and of all hi 
ways the first and the last, behold, they are written in the book c 

27 the kings of Judah and Israel. And Ahaz lay with his fathers, an< 
they buried him in the city, even in Jerusalem : but they brough 
him not into the sepulchres of the kings of Israel : and Hezekial 
his son reigned in his stead. 


1 Chap. xxix. — Hezekiah began to reign when he was five and twentj 
years old, and he reigned nine and twenty years in Jerusalem. Anc 

2 his mother's name 7vas Abijah, the daughter of Zechariah. And he 
did that ivhich was right in the eyes of the Eternal, according to all 

.3 that David his father had done. He in the first year of his reign, 
in the first month, opened the doors of the house of the Eternal, and 

4 repaired them. And he brought in the priests and the Levites, and 

5 gathered them together into the ea^t street, And said unto them. 
Hear me, ye Levites, sanctify now yourselves, and sanctify the house 

1 divitlcJ. * to make him stumble. ' words. 


of the Eternal God of your fathers, and carry forth the filthiness out 

6 of the holy place. For our fathers have trespassed, and done that 
which was evil in the eyes of the Eternal our God^ and have forsaken 
him, and have turned away their faces from the dwelling of the Eter- 

7 nal, and turned their backs. Also they have shut up the doors of 
the porch, and put out the lamps, and have not burned incense nor 
offered burnt offerings in the holy place unto the God of Israel. 

8 Wherefore the wrath of the Eternal was upon Judah and Jerusalem, 
and he hath made them a fright, astonishment, and a hissing, as ye 

9 see with your eyes. For, lo, our fathers have fallen by the sword, 
and our sons and our daughters and our wives are in captivity for 

10 this. Now it is in my heart to make a covenant with the Eternal 

1 1 God of Israel, that his tierce wrath may turn away from us. My 
sons, be not now negligent : for the Eternal hath chosen you to 
stand before him, to minister unto him, and that ye should be mi- 

12 nisters, and burn incense unto him. Then the Levites arose, Mahath 
the son of Amasai, and Joel the son of Azariah, of the sons of the 
Kohathites : and of the sons of Merari, Kish the son of Abdi, and 
Azariah the son of Jehalelel : and of the Gershonites ; Joah the son 

13 of Zimmah, and Eden the son of Joah: And of the sons of Eliza- 
phan ; Shimri, and Jehiel : and of the sons of Asaph ; Zechariah, 

14 and Mattaniah : And of the sons of Heman ; Jehiel, and Shimei : 

15 and of the sons of Juduthun : Shemaiah, and Uzziel. And they 
gathered their brethren, and sanctified themselves, and came, ac- 
cording to the commandment of the king, by the words of the 

16 Eternal, to cleanse the house of the Eternal. And the priests went 
into the inner part of the house of the Eternal, to cleanse it, and 
brought out all the uncleanness that they found in the temple of the 
Eternal into the court of the house of the Eternal. And the Levites 

17 took if, to carry 2^ out abroad into the brook Kidron. Now they 
began on the first day of the first month to sanctify, and on the 
eighth day of the month came they to the porch of the Eternal: so 
they sanctified the house of the Eternal in eight days : and in the 

18 sixteenth day of the first month they made an end. I'hen they went 
in to Hezekiah the king, and said. We have cleansed all the house 
of the Eternal, and the altar of burnt offering, with all the vessels 
thereof, and the shewbread^ table, with all the versels thereof. 

19 Moreover all the vessels which king Ahaz in his reign did cast away 
in his transgression, huve we prepared and sanctified, and, behold, 

20 they are before the altar of the Eternal. Then Hezekiah the king 

' layer. 


rose early, and gathered the officers of the city, and went up to the 

21 house of the Eternal. And they brought up seven bulls and seven 
rams, and seven lambs, and seven he goats, for a sin offering for the 
kingdom, and for the sanctuary, and for Judah. And he commanded 
the priests the sons of Aaron to offer them on the altar of the Eternal. 

22 So they slaughtered the bulls, and the priests received the blood, 
and sprinkled it on the altar : likewise, when they had slaughtered 
the rams, they sprinkled the blood upon the altar : they slaughtered 

23 also the lambs, and they sprinkled the blood upon the altar. And 
they brought forth the he goats /or the sin offering before the king 

24 and the congregation ; and they laid their hands upon them : And 
the priests slaughtered them, and they made reconciliation with their 
blood upon the altar, to make an expiation for all Israel: for the king 
commanded that the burnt offering and the sin offering should be 

25 made for all Israel. And he set the Levites in the house of the 
Eternal with cymbals, with psalleries, and with harps, according to 
the commandment of David, and of Gad the king's seer, and Nathan 
the prophet : for so ivas the commandment of the Eternal by his 

26 prophets. And the Levites stood with the instruments of David, 

27 and the priests with the trumpets. And Hezekiah commanded^ to 
offer the burnt offering upon the altar. And when the burnt offering 
began, the song of the Eternal hega.n also with the trumpets, and with 

28 the instruments ordained by David king of Israel. And all the con- 
gregation prostrated themselves, and the singers sang, and the trum- 
peters sounded : and all this continued until the burnt offering was 

29 finished. And when they had made an end of offering, the king and 
all that were present with him knelt and prostrated themselves. 

30 Moreover He/.ekiah the king and the officers commanded the Levites 
to praise the Eternal with the words of David, and of Asaph the seer. 
And they praised with gladness, and tliey bowed their heads and 

31 prostrated themselves. Then Hezekiah answered and said. Now ye 
have consecrated yourselves unto the Eternal, come near and bring 
sacrifices and thank offerings into the house of the Eternal And the 
congregation brought in sacrifices and thank offerings, and as many 

32 ?s were of a free heart burnt offerings. And the number of the 
burnt offerings which the congregation brought was threescore and 
ten bulls, a hundi'ed rams, and two hundred lambs: all these 2vere 

33 fiar a burnt offering to the Eternal. And the hallowed things were 

34 six hundred of the herd and three thousand of the flock. But the 
priests were too few, so that they could not flay all the burnt offer- 
ings ; wherefore their brethren the Levites did help them, till the 
work was ended, and until the other priests had sanctified themselves, 
for the Levites 7rere upright in heart to sanctify themselves above the 

35 priests. And also burnt offerings tvere in abundance, with the fat of 
the feast offerings, and the drink offerings for every burnt offering. 

' sai;J. * filled your hands. 


36 So the service of the house of the Eternal was estabUshed. And 
Ilezekiah rejoiced, and all the people, at what God had prepared 
for the people : for the thing Vvas all on a sudden. 

1 Chap. xxx. — And Hezekiah sent to all Israel and Judah, and wrote 
letters also to Ephraim and Manasseh, that they should come to the 
house of the Eternal at Jerusalem, to keep^ Passover unto the 

2 Eternal God of Israel. For the king had taken counsel, and his 
officers, and all the congregation in Israel, to keep^ the Passover in 

3 the second mouth. For they could not keep^ it at that time, because 
the priests had not sanctified themselves sufficiently, neither had 

4 the people gathered themselves together to Jerusalem. And the 

5 thing pleased the king and all the congregation. So they established 
a decree to make proclamation throughout all Israel, from Beer- 
sheba even to Dan, that they should come to keep^ the Passover unto 
the Eternal God of Israel at Jerusalem ; for they had not done it of 

() a long time in such sort as it was written. So the runners went wilh 
the letters from the king and his officers throughout all Israel and 
Judah, and according to the commandment of the king, saying, Ye chil- 
dren of Israel, turn again unto the Eternal God of Abraham, Isaac, and 
Israel, and he will return to those of you that are escaped as a 

7 remnant out of the hand of the kings of Assyria. And be not ye 
like your fathers, and like your brethren, who trespassed against the 
Eternal God of their fathers, loho therefore gave them up to deso- 

8 lation,^ as ye see. Now be ye not stiff necked, as your fathers ivere, 
but give yourselves up unto the Eternal, and enter into his sanc- 
tuary, which he hath sanctified for ever : and serve the Eternal yotir 

God, that the fierceness of his wrath may turn away from you. For 
if ye turn again unto the Eternal, your brethren and your children 
shall find compassion before them that captured them, so that they 
shall come again into this land: for the Eternal your God is gra- 
cious and merciful, and will not turn away his face from you, if ye 

10 return unto him. So the runners passed from city to city through 
the country of I^jhraim and Manasseh even unto Zebulun : but they 

11 laughed them to scorn, and mocked them. Nevertheless divers of 
Asher and Manasseh and of Zebulun humbled themselves, and came 

I- to Jerusalem. Also in Judah the hand of God was to give them 
one heart to do the commanchnent of the king and of the officers, by 

13 the word of the Eternal. And there assembled at Jerusalem much 
people to keep^ the festival of unleavened bread in the second month, 

11 a congregation of an exceeding multitude. And they arose and 
removed the altars that ivere in Jerusalem, and all the burners of 

I-O incense removed they, and cast them into the brook of Kidron. Then 
they slaughtered the Passover on the fourteenth day of the second 
month : and the priests and the Levites were ashamed, and sanctifiLd 

' make. - astonishment, 

u 2 


themselves, and brought in the burnt offerings into the house of the 

16 Eternal. And they stood in their place after their manner, accord- 
ing to the law of Moses the man of God : the priests sprinkled the 

1 7 blood, which they received of the hand of the Levites. For there 
mere many in the congregation that were not sanctified : therefore 
the Levites had the charge of the slaughtering of the Passovers for 

18 every one that was not clean, to sanctify them unto the Eternal. For 
a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim, and Manasseh, 
Issachar, and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet did they eat 
the Passover otherwise than it was written. But Hezekiah prayed 
for them, saying. The good Eternal will make an expiation for every 

19 one. That prepareth his heart to enquire after God, the Eternal 
God of his fathers, though he he not cleansed according to the puri- 

20 fication of the sanctuary. And the Eternal hearkened to Hezekiah, 

21 and healed the people. And the children of Israel that were found 
at Jerusalem kept^ the festival of unleavened bread seven days with 
great gladness : and the Levites and the priests praised the Eternal 

22 day by day, singing with loud^ instruments unto the Eternal. And 
Hezekiah spake comfortably unto all the Levites that were intelli- 
gent, having a good knowledge concerning the Eternal : and they 
did eat throughout the appointed feast seven days, offering feast 
offerings, and making confession to the Eternal God of their fathers. 

23 And the whole congregation took counsel to keep^ other seven days : 

24 and they kept other seven days with gladness. For Hezekiah king 
of Judah did give to the congregation a thousand bulls and seven 
thousand sheep as a heave offering ; and the officers gave to the 
congregation a thousand bulls and ten thousand sheep as a heave 

25 offering : and a great number of priests sanctified themselves. And 
all the congregation of Judah, with the priests and the Levites, and 
all the congregation that came out of Israel, and the strangers that 

26 came out of the land of Israel, and that dwelt in Judah, rejoiced. So 
there was great joy in Jerusalem : for since the time of Solomon the 

27 son of David king of Israel there was not the like in Jerusalem. Then 
the priests the Levites arose and blessed the people : and their voice 
was heard, and their prayer came up to his holy dwelling place, even 
unto heaven. 

Chap. xxxt. — Now when all this was finished, all Israel that were 
present went out to the cities of Judah, and brake the monumental 
pillars in pieces, and cut down the asherim,* and threw down the 
high places and the altars out of all Judah and Benjamin, in Ephraim 
also and Manasseh, until they had utterly destroyed them all. Then 
all the children of Israel returned, every man to his possession, into 
their own cities. And Hezekiah appointed the courses of the priests 

' rcaJe, 2 mighty. ^ ir.ake. ^ happy ones. 


and the Levites after their courses, every man according to his ser- 
vice, the priests and Levites for burnt offerings and for feast offerings, 
to minister, and to give thanks, and to praise in the gates of the 

3 camps of the Eternal. He appointed also the king's portion of his 
substance for the burnt offerings, to nit, for the morning and evening 
burnt offerings, and the burnt offerings for the sabbaths, and for the 
new moons, and for the appointed festivals, as it is written in the law 

4 of tlie Eternal. Moreover he commanded the people that dwelt in 
Jerusalem to give the portion of the priests and the Levites, that 

5 they might hold fast by the law of the Eternal. And as soon as the 
word spread abroad, the children of Israel brought in abundance the 
firstlings of corn, must, and oil', and honey, and of all the produce 
of the field; and the tithe of all things brought they in abundantly. 

6 And concerning the children of Israel and Judah, that dwell in the 
cities of Judah, they also brought in the tithe of the herd and flock, 
and the tithe of holy things which were consecrated unto the Eternal 

7 their God, and gave them by heaps. In the third month they began 
to lay the foundation of the heaps, and finished them in the seventh 

8 month. And when Hezekiah and the officers came and saw the 

9 heaps, they blessed the Eternal, and his people Israel. Then He- 
zekiah inquired of the priests and the Levites concerning the heaps. 

10 And Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadok answered him, 
and said. Since the people began to bring the heave offerings into 
the house of the Eternal, we have had enough to eat, and have left 
plenty : for the Eternal hath blessed his people : and that which is 

11 left IS this great store^. Then Hezekiah commanded to prepare 

12 chambers in the house of the Eternal ; and they prepared them. And 
brought in the heave offerings and the tithes and the hallowed things 
faithfully : over which Cononiah the Levite was ruler, and Shimei 

13 his brother was the next. And Jehiel, and Azaziah, and Nahath, and 
Asahel, and .Terimoth, and Jozabad, and Eliel, and Ismachiah, and 
Mahath, and Benaiah, were overseers under the hand of Cononiah and 
Sbimei his brother, by the appointment of Hezekiah the king, and 

14 Azariah the ruler of the house of God. And Kore the son of Imnah 
the Levite, the porter towards the east, ivas over the freewill offerings 
of God, to distribute the heave offerings of the Eternal and the most 

15 holy things. And next to him were Eden, and Miniamin, and Jeshua, 
and Shemaiah, Amariah, and Shecaniah, in the cities of the priests, 
faithfully to give to their brethren by courses, as well to the great 

IG as to the small: Beside their genealogy of males, from tliree years 
old and upwards, even unto every one that entereth into the house of 

' brightness. ^ crowd. 


the Eternal, his daily portion for their service, in their charges, 

17 according to their courses ; Both to the genealogy of the priests by 
the house of their fathers, and the Levites from twenty years old and 

18 upwards, in their charges by their courses ; A.nd to the genealogy 
of all their little ones, their wives, and their sons, and their daugh- 
ters, through all the congregation : for in their faithfulness they 

19 sanctified themselves in holiness. Also of the sons of Aaron the 
priests, who were in the fields of the suburbs of their cities, in every 
several city, the men that were expressed' by name, to give portions 
to all the males among the priests, and to all that w^ere reckoned by 

20 genealogies among the Levites. And thus did Hezekiah throughout 
all Judah, and did that ichich was good and right and truth before 

21 the Eternal his God. And in every work that he began in the 
service of the house of God, and in the law, and in the command- 
ments, to inquire after his God, he did it with all his heart, and 


1 Chap, xxxii. — After these things, and the establishment^ thereof, 
Sennacherib king of Assyria came, and entered into Judah, and en- 
camped against the fortified cities, and thought to win^ them for 

2 himself. And when Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib was come, and 

3 that his purpose was the war against Jerusalem, He took counsel 
with his officers and his mighty men to stop the waters of the foun- 

4 tains which irere without the city : and they did help him. So there 
was gathered much people together, who stopped all the fountains, 
and the brook that swept through the midst of the land, saying, Why 

5 should the kings of Assyria come, and find much water ? Also he 
strengthened himself, and built up all the rampart that was broken, 
and raised it up to the towers, and another rampart without, and 
strengthened Millo m the city of David, and made missiles and shields 

6 in abundance. And he set officers of war over the people, and 
gathered them together to him in the street of the gate of the city, 

7 and spake comfortably to them, saying. Be strong and courageous, 
be not afraid nor dismayed for the king of Assyria, nor for all the 
multitude that is with him : for there are more with us than with him : 

8 With him is an arm of flesh ; but with us is the Eternal our God to 
help us, and to fight our wars. And the people rested themselves 

9 upon the words of Hezekiah king of Judah. After this did Senna- 
cherib king of Assyria send his servants to Jerusalem, — but he him- 
self laid ciege against Lachish, and all his power with him, — unto 
Hezekiah king of Judah, and unto all Judah that rcere at Jerusalem, 

10 saying, I'hus saith Sennacherib king of Assyria, Whereon do ye 

J 1 trust, that ye abide in the siege in Jerusalem I Doth not Hezekiah 

entice you to give over yourselves to die by famine and by thirst, 

saying, The Eternal our God shall deliver us out of the hand of the 

* jirickcd. - Uuiii. •' clt'avc. 


12 king of Assyria ? Hath not the same Hezekiah removed his high 
places and his altars, and commanded Judah and Jerusalem, saying, 
Ye shall prostrate yourselves before one altar, and burn incense upon 

13 it? Know ye not what I and my fathers have done unto all peoples 
of other lands ? were the gods of the nations of those lands any ways 

14. able to deliver their lands out of my hand ? Who tons there among 
all the gods of those nations that my fathers utterly destroyed, that 
could deliver his people out of my hand, that your God should be 

15 able to deliver you out of my hand ? Now therefore let not Heze- 
kiah deceive you, nor entice you on this manner, neither yet believe 
him : for no god of any nation or kingdom was able to deliver his 
people out of my hand, and out of the hand of my fathers: how 

16 mucK iess shall your God deliver you out of my hand ? And his 
servants spake yet tnore against the Eternal God, and against his 

17 servant Hezekiah. He wrote also letters to revile the Eternal God 
of Israel, and to speak against him, saying, As the gods of the nations 
of other lands have not delivered their people oat of my hand, so shall 

18 not the God of Hezekiah deliver his people out of my hand. Then 
they cried with a loud voice in the Jew's speech unto the people of 
Jerusalem that loeri' on the rampart, to affright them, and to trouble 

10 them ; that they rnight conquer the city. And they spake against 
the God of Jerusalem, as against the gods of the peoples of the earth, 

20 which ivsre the v/ork of the hands of man. And for this cause Heze- 
kiah the king, and the prophet Isaiah the son of iA.moz, prayed and 

21 cried to heaven. And the Eternal sent an angel, and he cut off all 
the mighty men of valour, and the leaders and officers in the camp 
of the king of Assyria. So he returned with shame of face to his 
own land. And when he was come into the house of his god, they 
that came forth of his own bowels felled him there with the sword. 

22 Thus the Eternal saved Hezekiah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem 
from the hand of Sennacherib the king of Assyria, and from the hand 

23 of all other, and guided them on every side. And many brought 
oblations unto the Eternal to Jerusalem, and precious things to He- 
zekiah king of Judah : so that he was magnified in the eyes of all 

21 nations from thenceforth. In days Hezekiah was sick to the 
death, and.prayed unto the Eternal : and he spake unto him, and he 

25 gave him a sign. I3ut Hezekiah rendered not again according to the 
benefit done unto him ; for his heart was lifted up: therefore there 

2G was wrath upon him, and upon Judah, and Jerusalem. Notwith- 
standing Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart, />»o/A 
he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the wrath of the Eler- 


27 nal came not upon them in the days of Hezekiah. And Hezekiah 
had exceeding much riches and honour : and he made himself trea- 
suries for silver, and for gold, and for precious stones, and for spices, 

23 and for shields, and for all manner of costly vessels. Storehouses 
also for the increase of corn, and must, and oiP, and stalls for all 

29 manner of beasts, and cotes for flocks-. Moreover he provided him 
cities, and possessions of flocks and herds in abundance : for God 

30 had given him substance very much. This same Hezekiah also 
stopped the upper watercourse of Gihon, and brought it straight 
down to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah pros- 

31 pered in all his works. Howbeit in the business of the interpreters of 
the princes of Babylon, who sent unto him to inquire of the wonder 
that was done in the land, God left him, to try him, that he might 

32 know all that ivas in his heart. Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah, 
and his acts of kindness, behold, they are written in the vision of 
Isaiah the prophet, the son of Araoz, and in the book of the kings of 

33 Judah and Israel. And Hezekiah lay with his fathers, and they 
buried him in the chiefest of the sepulchres of the sons of David: 
and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem did him honour at 
his death. And Manasseh his son reigned in his stead. 

1 Chap, xxxiii. — Manasseh loas twelve years old when he began to 

2 reign, and he reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem : But did 
that which ivas evil in the eyes of the Eternal, like unto the abomi- 
nations of the nations, whom the Eternal had cast out before the 

3 children of Israel. For he built again the high places which Heze- 
kiah his father had broken down, and he reared up altars for Baalim, 
and made asheroth, and prostrated himself before all the host of the 

4 heaven, and served them. Also he built altars in the house of the 
Eternal, whereof the Eternal had said, In Jerusalem shall my name 

5 be for ever. And he built altars for all the host of the heaven in 

6 the two enclosures of the house of the Eternal. And he caused his 
children to pass through the fire in the glen of the son of Hinnom : 
also he observed clouds, and used divination, and used enchantment, 
and dealt with a familiar spirit, and with wizards : he wrought much 

7 evil in the eyes of the Eternal, to provoke him to anger. And he 
set a graven image, the figure which he had made in the house of 
God, of which God had said to David and to Solomon his son. In 
this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen before all the 

8 tribes of Israel, will I put my name for ever : Neither will I any 
more remove the foot of Israel from out of the ground which I have 
appointed for your fathers ; so that they will take heed to do all that 
I have commanded them, according to the whole law and the statutes 

' brisrhtness. ^ droves. 


9 and the ordinances by the hand of Moses. So Manasseh made 
Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to err, and to do worse than 
the nations, whom the Eternal had exterminated before the children 

10 of Israel. And the Eternal spake to Manasseh, and to his people : 

1 1 but they would not attend. Wherefore the Eternal brought upon 
them the officers of the host of the king of Assyria, who conquered 
Manasseh among the brambles, and bound him with fetters, and 

12 carried him to Babylon. And when he was in distress, he besouo:ht 
the Eternal his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of 

13 his fathers. And prayed unto him : and he was intreated of him, and 
heard his supplication, and brought him again to Jerusalem into his 

14 kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that the Eternal he icas God. Now 
after this he built an outer rampart for the city of David, on the 
west side of Gihon, in the brook, even to the entering in at the fish 
gate, and compassed about Ophel, and raised it up a very great 
height, and put officers of the force in all the fortified cities of 

15 Judah. And he removed the strange gods, and the figure ont of the 
house of the Eternal, and all the altars that he had built in the 
mount of the house of the Eternal, and in Jerusalem, and cast thein 

16 out of the city. And he built the altar of the Eternal, and sacrificed 
thereon feast offerings and thank offerings, and conmianded Judah 

17 to serve the Eternal God of Israel. Nevertheless the people did 
sacrifice still in the high places, yet unto the Eternal their God only. 

18 Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh, and his prayer unto his God, 
and the words of the seers that spake to him in the name of the 
Eternal God of Israel, behold, they are written in the book of the 

19 kings of Israel. His prayer also, and hoio God was intreated of him, 
and all his sins, and his trespass, and the places wherein he built 
high places, and set up asherim and graven images, before he was 
humbled : behold, they are written among the sayings of Chosai. 

20 So Manasseh lay with his fathers, and they buried him in his own 

21 house : and x\mon his son reigned in his stead. Anion ivas two and 
twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned two years in 

22 Jerusalem. But he did that xch'ich was evil in the eyes of the 
Eternal, as did Manasseh his father : for Amon sacrificed unto all 
the gra\ en images which Manasseh his father had made, and served 

23 them : And humbled not himself before the Eternal, as Manasseh 
his father had humbled himself; but Amon trespassed more and 

24 more. And his servants conspired against him, and slew him in 

25 his own house. But the people of the land slew all them that had 
conspired against king Amon ; and the people of the land made 
Josiah his son kinjj in his stead. 


1 Chap, xxxiv. — Josiah it'aseiglt years old when he began to reigr. 


2 and he reigned in Jerusalem one and thirty years. And he did that 
which ivas right in the eyes of the Eternal, and walked in the ways 
of David his father, and departed neither to the right hand, nor to 

3 the left. For in the eighth year of his reign, while he was yet 
young, he began to inquire after the God of David his father : and 
in the twelfth year he began to cleanse Judah and Jerusalem from 
the high places, and the asherim, and the graven images, and the 

4 molten images. And they brake down the altars of Baalim in his 
presence ; and the sun images that were on high above them, he cut 
down ; and the asherim, and the graven images, and the molten 
images, he brake in pieces^ and made dust of them, and strewed it 

5 upon the graves of them that had sacrificed unto them. And he 
burnt the hones of priests upon their altars, and cleansed Judah and 

6 Jerusalem. And 50 did he in the cities of Manasseh and Ephraim, 

7 and Simeon, even unto Naphtali, in their ruins round about. And 
when he had broken down the altars and the asherim, and had 
beaten the graven images into powder, and cut down all the sun 
images throughout all the land of Israel, he returned to Jerusalem. 

8 Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had cleansed the 
land, and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maas- 
seiah the governor^ of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the 

9 recorder, to strengthen the house of the Eternal his God: And when 
they came to Hilkiah the high priest, they delivered^ the money 
that was brought into the house of God, which the Levites that kept 
the doors'^ had gathered of the hand of Manasseh and Ephraim, and 
of all the remnant of Israel, and of all Judah and Benjamin ; and 

10 they returned to Jerusalem. And they gave it in the hand of the 
workmen that were appointed on the house of the Eternal, and they 
gave it to the workmen that wrought in the house of the Eternal, 

11 to repair and strengthen the house : Even to the artificers and 
builders gave they it, to buy hewn stone, and timber for couplings, 
and to floor the houses which the kings of Judah had destroyed. 

12 And the men did the work faithfully : and over them were appointed 
Jahath and Obadiah, the Levites, of the sons of Merari ; and Ze- 
chariah and Meshullam of the sons of the Kohathites, to direct; and 
other of the Levites, all that could skill of instrum.ents of musick. 

13 Also they were over the bearers of burdens, and were directors of 
all that wrought the work in any manner of service ; and of the 

14 Levites that were scribes, and bailiff's, and porters. And when they 
brought out the money that was brought into the house of the Eter- 
nal, Hilkiah the priest found the book of the law of the Eternal, 

15 given by the hand of Moses. And Hilkiah answered and said to 
Shaphan the scribe, I have found the book of the law in the house 

officer. • gave. ^ thrcsholil. 


16 of the Eternal. And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan. And 
Shaphan carried the book to the king, and brought the king word 
back again, saying. All that was committed' to thy servants, they do 

IT it. And they have gathered together the money that was found in 
the house of the Eternal, and have given it into the hand of those 

18 appoi.'ited, and to the hand of the workmen. Then Shaphan the 
scribe told the king, saying, Hilkiah the priest hath given me a book. 

19 And Shaphan read it before the king. And it came to pass, when 
the kinj; had heard the words of the law, that he rent his clothes. 

20 And the king commanded Hilkiah, and Ahikam the son of Shaphan, 
and Abdon the son of Micah, and Shaphan the scribe, and Asaiah 

21 the king's servant, saying. Go, enquire of the Eternal for me, and 
for them that are left in Israel and in Judah, concerning the words 
of the book that is found : for great is the wrath of the Eternal that 
is poured out upon us, because our fathers have not kept the word of 

22 the Eternal, to do after all that is written in this book. And Hilkiah, 
and they that the king had appointed^ went to Huldah the prophetess, 
the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvath, the son of Hasrah, keeper of 
the garments ; — now she dwelt in Jerusalem in the second quarter : 

23 — and they spake to her to that effect. And she answered them. 
Thus saith the Eternal God of Israel, Tell ye the man that sent you 

24 to me, Thus saith the Eternal, Behold I will bring evil upon this 
place, and upon the inhabitants thereof, even all the curses^ that are 
written in the book which they have read before the king of Judah : 

25 Because they have forsaken me, and have burned incense unto other 
gods, that they might provoke me to anger with all the works of 
their hands ; therefore my wrath shall be poured out upon this place, 

26 and shall not be quenched. And as for the king of Judah, who 
sent you to enquire of the Eternal, so shall ye say unto him, Thus 
saith the Eternal God of Israel concerning the words which thou hast 

27 heard ; Because thy heart was tender, and thou didst humble 
thyself before God, when thou heardest his words against this place, 
and against the inhabitants thereof, andhumbledst thyself before me, 
and didst rend thy clothes, and weep before me ; I have even heard 

28 thee also, is the declaration of the Eternal. Behold, I will gather 
thee to thy fathers, and thou shalt be gathered to thy grave in peace, 
neither sliall thine eyes see all the evil that I will bring upon this 
place, and upon the inhabitants of the same. So they brought the 

' given, - oatlis, 

X 2 


29 king word again. Then the king sent and gathered together all the 

30 elders of Judah and Jerusalem. And the king went up into the 
house of the Eternal, and all the men of Judah, and the inhabitants 
of Jerusalem, and the priests, and the Levites, and all the people, 
great and small : and he read in their ears all the words of the book 

31 of the covenant that was found in the house of the Eternal. And 
the king stood in his place, and made the covenant before the 
Eternal, to walk after the Eternal, and to keep his commandments, 
and his testimonies, and his statutes, with all his heart, and with all 
his soul, to perform the words of the covenant which are written in this 

32 book. And he caused all that were present in Jerusalem and Ben- 
jamin to stand to it. And the inhabitants of Jerusalem did according 

33 to the covenant of God, the God of their fathers. And Josiah 
removed all the abominations out of all the countries ihdit pertained 
to the children of Israel, and made all that were found in Israel to 
serve, even to serve the Eternal their God. And all his days they 
departed not from following the Eternal, the God of their fathers. 

1 Chap. xxxv. — Moreover Josiah kept* a passover unto the Eternal 
in Jerusalem : and they slaughtered the passover on the fourteenth 

2 day of the first month. And he set the priests in their charges, and 

3 encouraged^ them to the service of the house of the Eternal, And 
said unto the Levites that taught all Israel, who were holy unto 
the Eternal, Put the holy ark in the house which Solomon the son of 
David king of Israel did build ; it shall not be a burden upon your 
shoulders : serve now the Eternal your God, and his people Israel, 

4 And prepare yourselves by the houses of your fathers, after your 
courses, according to the writing of David king of Israel, and accord- 

5 ing to the writing of Solomon his son. And stand in the hol^ place 
according to the divisions of the families of the fathers of your 
brethren the people, and after the division of the families of the 

6 Levites. So slaughter the passover, and sanctify yourselves, and 
prepare your brethren, that they may do according to the word of 

7 the Eternal by the hand of Moses. And Josiah gave^ to the people, 
of the flock, lambs and kids, all for the passover offerings, for all that 
were present, to the number of thirty thousand, and three thousand 

8 bulls : these were of the king's substance. And his officers gave 
willingly^ unto the people, to the priests, and to the Levites : Hilkiah 
and Zechariah and Jehiel, rulers of the house of God, gave^ unto the 
priests for the passover offerings two thousand and six hundred 

9 small cattle, and three hundred of the herd. Conaniah also, and 
Shemaiah and Nethaneel, his brethren, and Hashabiah and Jeiel and 
Jozabad, chiefs of the Levites, gave^ unto the Levites for the pass- 
over offerings five thousand small cattle, and five hundred of the 

'made. * strengthened, ^ lifte^i ^^p ^ as a free- vvil! offering. -officers. 


10 herd. So the service was prepared, and the priests stood in their 
place, and the Levites in their courses, according to the king's coni- 

11 mandment. And they slaughtered the passover, and the priests 
sprinkled the blood from their hands, and the Levites flayed them. 

12 And they removed the burnt offerings, that they might give according 
to the divisions of the family of the people, to offer unto the Eternal, 
as it is written in the book of Moses. And so did they with the 

13 oxen.^ And they roasted'^ the passover with fire according to the 
ordinance : but the other holy offerings sod they in pots, and in cal- 
drons, and in pans, and divided them speedily among all the people. 

14 And afterwards they made ready for themselves, and for the priests : 
because the priests the sons of Aaron were busied in offering of burnt 
offerings and the fat until night ; therefore the Levites prepared for 

15 themselves, and for the priests the sons of Aaron. And the singers 
the sons of Asaph werein their place, according to the commandment 
of David, and Asaph, and Heman, and Jeduthun the king^s seer ; 
and the porters waited at every gate ; they might not depart from 

16 their service: for their brethren the Levites prepared for them. So 
all the service of the Eternal was prepared the same day, to keep the 
passover, and to offer burnt offerings upon the altar of the Eternal, 

17 according to the commandment of king Josiah. And the children of 
Israel that were present^ kept the passover at that time, and the 

18 festival of unleavened bread seven days. And there was no passover 
like to that kept^ in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet : 
neither did all the kings of Israel keep^ such a passover as Josiah 
kept,^ and the priests, and the Levites, and all Judah and Israel that 

19 were present,^ and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. In the eighteenth 

20 year of the reign of Josiah was this passover kept.^ After all this, when 
Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to 
fight at Charchemish by Euphrates : and Josiah went out against 

21 him. But he sent ambassadors to him, saying. What have I to do 
with thee, thou king of Judah ? / come not against thee this day, 
but against the house wherewith I have war : for God commanded 
me to make haste : forbear thee from meddling with God, who is 

22 with me, that he destroy thee not. Nevertheless Josiah would not 
turn his face from him, but disguised himself, that he might fight 
with him, and hearkened not unto the words of Necho from the 
mouth of God, and came to fight in the deep valley of Megiddo. 

23 And the archers shot at king Josiah ; and the king said to his 

24 servants. Have me away ; for I am very sick. His servants there- 
fore took him out of that chariot, and put him in the second chariot 
that he had ; and they brought him to Jerusalem, and he died, and 
was buried in one of the sepulchres of his fathers. And all Judah 

herd. - sod. ^ found. * dciic. * do. '■ did. 


25 and Jerusalem mourned for Josiah. And Jeremiah lamented for 
Josiah : and all the singing men and the singing women spake of 
Josiah in their lamentations to this day, and made them an ordinance 

26 in Israel : and, behold, they are written in the lamentations. Now 
the rest of the acts^ of Josiah, and his goodness, according to that 

27 which was written in the law of the Eternal. And his deeds^, the 
first and the last, behold, they are written in the book of the 
kings of Israel and Judah. 

1 Chap, xxxvi, — Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son 
of Josiah, and made him king in his father's stead in Jerusalem. 

2 Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reigri, 

3 and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. And the king of Egppt 
put him down at Jerusalem, and condemned the land in a hundred 

4 talents of silver and a talent of gold. And the king cf Egypt made 
Eliakim his brother king over Judah and Jerusalen::, and turned 
his name to Jehoiakim. And Necho took Jehoahaz his brother 

5 and carried him to Egypt. Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old 
when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem : 
and he did that which was evil in the eyes of the Eternal his God. 

6 Against him came up Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and bound 

7 him in fetters, to carry him to Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar also car- 
ried of the vessels of the house of the Eternal to Babylon, and put 

8 them in his temple at Babylon. Now the rest of the acts^ of Jehoi- 
akim, and his abominations which he did, and that which was found 
in him, behold, they ere written in the book of the kings of Israel 

9 and Judah : and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead. Jehoiachin 
was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three 
months and ten days in Jerusalem : and he did that ichich was evil 

10 in the eyes of the Eternal. And when the year was expired, king 
Nebuchadnezzar sent, and brought him to Babylon, with the costly 
vessels of the house of the Eternal, and made Zedekiah his brother 

1 1 king over Judah and Jerusalem. Zedekiah was one and twenty 
years old when he began to reign, and reigned eleven years in Je- 

12 rusalem. And he did that nhich was evil in the eyes of the Eternal 
his God, and humbled not himself before Jeremiah the prophet, 

13 speaking from the mouth of the Eternal. And he also rebelled 
against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God : 
but he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart from turning unto 

14 the Eternal God of Israel. Moreover all the officers of the priests, 
and the people, transgressed very much after all the abominations of 

' wolds. 



the nations ; and polluted the house of the Eternal which he had 

15 hallowed in Jerusalem. And the Eternal God of their fathers sent 
to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending ; because 

16 he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place : But 
they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and 
misused his prophets, until the wrath of the Eternal arose against 

] 7 his people, till there was no remedy. Therefore he brought upon 
them the king of the Casdim, who slew their young men with the 
sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion upon 
young man or maiden, old man, or him that was hoary with age : he 

IS gave Mew all into his hand. And all the vessels of the house of God, 
great and small, and the treasures of the house of the Eternal, and 
the treasures of the king, and of his officers ; all these he brought to 

19 Babylon. And they burnt the house of God, and brake down the 
rampart of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire, 

20 and destroyed all the costly vessels thereof. And them that had 
escaped from the sword carried he away to Babylon ; where they 
were servants to him and his sons until the reign of jthe kingdom of 

21 Persia : To fulfil the word of the Eternal by the mouth of Jeremiah, 
until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths : for as long as she lay 

22 desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years. Now 
in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the Eter- 
nal spoken by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the 
Eternal stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a 
proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and pi/t it also in writing, 

23 saying, Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the 
earth hath the Eternal God of heaven given me ; and he hath 
charged me to build him a house in Jerusalem, w^hich is in Judah. 
Who is there among you of all his people ? The Eternal his God be 
with him, and let him go up. 


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